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* [PATCH v9 0/5] Add MMC software queue support
@ 2020-02-12  4:12 Baolin Wang
  2020-02-12  4:12 ` [PATCH v9 1/5] mmc: Add MMC host " Baolin Wang
                   ` (4 more replies)
  0 siblings, 5 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Baolin Wang @ 2020-02-12  4:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: adrian.hunter, ulf.hansson, asutoshd
  Cc: orsonzhai, zhang.lyra, arnd, linus.walleij, baolin.wang,
	baolin.wang7, linux-mmc, linux-kernel

Hi All,

Now the MMC read/write stack will always wait for previous request is
completed by mmc_blk_rw_wait(), before sending a new request to hardware,
or queue a work to complete request, that will bring context switching
overhead, especially for high I/O per second rates, to affect the IO
performance.

Thus this patch set will introduce the MMC software command queue support
based on command queue engine's interfaces, and set the queue depth as 64
to allow more requests can be be prepared, merged and inserted into IO
scheduler, but we only allow 2 requests in flight, that is enough to let
the irq handler always trigger the next request without a context switch,
as well as avoiding a long latency.

Moreover we can expand the MMC software queue interface to support
MMC packed request or packed command instead of adding new interfaces,
according to previosus discussion.

Below are some comparison data with fio tool. The fio command I used
is like below with changing the '--rw' parameter and enabling the direct
IO flag to measure the actual hardware transfer speed in 4K block size.

./fio --filename=/dev/mmcblk0p30 --direct=1 --iodepth=20 --rw=read --bs=4K --size=1G --group_reporting --numjobs=20 --name=test_read

My eMMC card working at HS400 Enhanced strobe mode:
[    2.229856] mmc0: new HS400 Enhanced strobe MMC card at address 0001
[    2.237566] mmcblk0: mmc0:0001 HBG4a2 29.1 GiB 
[    2.242621] mmcblk0boot0: mmc0:0001 HBG4a2 partition 1 4.00 MiB
[    2.249110] mmcblk0boot1: mmc0:0001 HBG4a2 partition 2 4.00 MiB
[    2.255307] mmcblk0rpmb: mmc0:0001 HBG4a2 partition 3 4.00 MiB, chardev (248:0)

1. Without MMC software queue
I tested 5 times for each case and output a average speed.

1) Sequential read:
Speed: 59.4MiB/s, 63.4MiB/s, 57.5MiB/s, 57.2MiB/s, 60.8MiB/s
Average speed: 59.66MiB/s

2) Random read:
Speed: 26.9MiB/s, 26.9MiB/s, 27.1MiB/s, 27.1MiB/s, 27.2MiB/s
Average speed: 27.04MiB/s

3) Sequential write:
Speed: 71.6MiB/s, 72.5MiB/s, 72.2MiB/s, 64.6MiB/s, 67.5MiB/s
Average speed: 69.68MiB/s

4) Random write:
Speed: 36.3MiB/s, 35.4MiB/s, 38.6MiB/s, 34MiB/s, 35.5MiB/s
Average speed: 35.96MiB/s

2. With MMC software queue
I tested 5 times for each case and output a average speed.

1) Sequential read:
Speed: 59.2MiB/s, 60.4MiB/s, 63.6MiB/s, 60.3MiB/s, 59.9MiB/s
Average speed: 60.68MiB/s

2) Random read:
Speed: 31.3MiB/s, 31.4MiB/s, 31.5MiB/s, 31.3MiB/s, 31.3MiB/s
Average speed: 31.36MiB/s

3) Sequential write:
Speed: 71MiB/s, 71.8MiB/s, 72.3MiB/s, 72.2MiB/s, 71MiB/s
Average speed: 71.66MiB/s

4) Random write:
Speed: 68.9MiB/s, 68.7MiB/s, 68.8MiB/s, 68.6MiB/s, 68.8MiB/s
Average speed: 68.76MiB/s

Form above data, we can see the MMC software queue can help to improve some
performance obviously for random read and write, though no obvious improvement
for sequential read and write.

Any comments are welcome. Thanks a lot.

Changes from v8:
 - Add more description in the commit message.
 - Optimize the failure log when calling cqe_enable(). 

Changes from v7:
 - Add reviewed tag from Arnd.
 - Use the 'hsq' acronym for varibles and functions in the core layer.
 - Check the 'card->ext_csd.cmdq_en' in cqhci.c to make sure the CQE
 can work normally.
 - Add a new patch to enable the host software queue for the SD card.
 - Use the default MMC queue depth for host software queue.

Changes from v6:
 - Change the patch order and set host->always_defer_done = true for the
 Spreadtrum host driver.

Changes from v5:
 - Modify the condition of defering to complete request suggested by Adrian.

Changes from v4:
 - Add a seperate patch to introduce a variable to defer to complete
 data requests for some host drivers, when using host software queue.

Changes from v3:
 - Use host software queue instead of sqhci.
 - Fix random config building issue.
 - Change queue depth to 32, but still only allow 2 requests in flight.
 - Update the testing data.

Changes from v2:
 - Remove reference to 'struct cqhci_host' and 'struct cqhci_slot',
 instead adding 'struct sqhci_host', which is only used by software queue.

Changes from v1:
 - Add request_done ops for sdhci_ops.
 - Replace virtual command queue with software queue for functions and
 variables.
 - Rename the software queue file and add sqhci.h header file.

Baolin Wang (5):
  mmc: Add MMC host software queue support
  mmc: core: Enable the MMC host software queue for the SD card
  mmc: host: sdhci: Add request_done ops for struct sdhci_ops
  mmc: host: sdhci: Add a variable to defer to complete requests if
    needed
  mmc: host: sdhci-sprd: Add software queue support

 drivers/mmc/core/block.c      |   61 ++++++++
 drivers/mmc/core/mmc.c        |   18 ++-
 drivers/mmc/core/queue.c      |   22 ++-
 drivers/mmc/core/sd.c         |   10 ++
 drivers/mmc/host/Kconfig      |    8 +
 drivers/mmc/host/Makefile     |    1 +
 drivers/mmc/host/cqhci.c      |    8 +-
 drivers/mmc/host/mmc_hsq.c    |  343 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/mmc/host/mmc_hsq.h    |   30 ++++
 drivers/mmc/host/sdhci-sprd.c |   28 ++++
 drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.c      |   14 +-
 drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.h      |    3 +
 include/linux/mmc/host.h      |    3 +
 13 files changed, 534 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/mmc/host/mmc_hsq.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/mmc/host/mmc_hsq.h

-- 
1.7.9.5


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 1/5] mmc: Add MMC host software queue support
  2020-02-12  4:12 [PATCH v9 0/5] Add MMC software queue support Baolin Wang
@ 2020-02-12  4:12 ` " Baolin Wang
  2020-02-12  4:12 ` [PATCH v9 2/5] mmc: core: Enable the MMC host software queue for the SD card Baolin Wang
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Baolin Wang @ 2020-02-12  4:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: adrian.hunter, ulf.hansson, asutoshd
  Cc: orsonzhai, zhang.lyra, arnd, linus.walleij, baolin.wang,
	baolin.wang7, linux-mmc, linux-kernel

From: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang@linaro.org>

Now the MMC read/write stack will always wait for previous request is
completed by mmc_blk_rw_wait(), before sending a new request to hardware,
or queue a work to complete request, that will bring context switching
overhead and spend some extra time to poll the card for busy completion
for I/O writes via sending CMD13, especially for high I/O per second
rates, to affect the IO performance.

Thus this patch introduces MMC software queue interface based on the
hardware command queue engine's interfaces, which is similar with the
hardware command queue engine's idea, that can remove the context
switching. Moreover we set the default queue depth as 64 for software
queue, which allows more requests to be prepared, merged and inserted
into IO scheduler to improve performance, but we only allow 2 requests
in flight, that is enough to let the irq handler always trigger the
next request without a context switch, as well as avoiding a long latency.

Moreover the host controller should support HW busy detection for I/O
operations when enabling the host software queue. That means, the host
controller must not complete a data transfer request, until after the
card stops signals busy.

From the fio testing data in cover letter, we can see the software
queue can improve some performance with 4K block size, increasing
about 16% for random read, increasing about 90% for random write,
though no obvious improvement for sequential read and write.

Moreover we can expand the software queue interface to support MMC
packed request or packed command in future.

Reviewed-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
---
 drivers/mmc/core/block.c   |   61 ++++++++
 drivers/mmc/core/mmc.c     |   18 ++-
 drivers/mmc/core/queue.c   |   22 ++-
 drivers/mmc/host/Kconfig   |    7 +
 drivers/mmc/host/Makefile  |    1 +
 drivers/mmc/host/cqhci.c   |    8 +-
 drivers/mmc/host/mmc_hsq.c |  343 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/mmc/host/mmc_hsq.h |   30 ++++
 include/linux/mmc/host.h   |    3 +
 9 files changed, 481 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/mmc/host/mmc_hsq.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/mmc/host/mmc_hsq.h

diff --git a/drivers/mmc/core/block.c b/drivers/mmc/core/block.c
index 663d879..55d52fc 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/core/block.c
+++ b/drivers/mmc/core/block.c
@@ -168,6 +168,11 @@ struct mmc_rpmb_data {
 
 static inline int mmc_blk_part_switch(struct mmc_card *card,
 				      unsigned int part_type);
+static void mmc_blk_rw_rq_prep(struct mmc_queue_req *mqrq,
+			       struct mmc_card *card,
+			       int disable_multi,
+			       struct mmc_queue *mq);
+static void mmc_blk_hsq_req_done(struct mmc_request *mrq);
 
 static struct mmc_blk_data *mmc_blk_get(struct gendisk *disk)
 {
@@ -1532,9 +1537,30 @@ static int mmc_blk_cqe_issue_flush(struct mmc_queue *mq, struct request *req)
 	return mmc_blk_cqe_start_req(mq->card->host, mrq);
 }
 
+static int mmc_blk_hsq_issue_rw_rq(struct mmc_queue *mq, struct request *req)
+{
+	struct mmc_queue_req *mqrq = req_to_mmc_queue_req(req);
+	struct mmc_host *host = mq->card->host;
+	int err;
+
+	mmc_blk_rw_rq_prep(mqrq, mq->card, 0, mq);
+	mqrq->brq.mrq.done = mmc_blk_hsq_req_done;
+	mmc_pre_req(host, &mqrq->brq.mrq);
+
+	err = mmc_cqe_start_req(host, &mqrq->brq.mrq);
+	if (err)
+		mmc_post_req(host, &mqrq->brq.mrq, err);
+
+	return err;
+}
+
 static int mmc_blk_cqe_issue_rw_rq(struct mmc_queue *mq, struct request *req)
 {
 	struct mmc_queue_req *mqrq = req_to_mmc_queue_req(req);
+	struct mmc_host *host = mq->card->host;
+
+	if (host->hsq_enabled)
+		return mmc_blk_hsq_issue_rw_rq(mq, req);
 
 	mmc_blk_data_prep(mq, mqrq, 0, NULL, NULL);
 
@@ -1920,6 +1946,41 @@ static void mmc_blk_urgent_bkops(struct mmc_queue *mq,
 		mmc_run_bkops(mq->card);
 }
 
+static void mmc_blk_hsq_req_done(struct mmc_request *mrq)
+{
+	struct mmc_queue_req *mqrq =
+		container_of(mrq, struct mmc_queue_req, brq.mrq);
+	struct request *req = mmc_queue_req_to_req(mqrq);
+	struct request_queue *q = req->q;
+	struct mmc_queue *mq = q->queuedata;
+	struct mmc_host *host = mq->card->host;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	if (mmc_blk_rq_error(&mqrq->brq) ||
+	    mmc_blk_urgent_bkops_needed(mq, mqrq)) {
+		spin_lock_irqsave(&mq->lock, flags);
+		mq->recovery_needed = true;
+		mq->recovery_req = req;
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mq->lock, flags);
+
+		host->cqe_ops->cqe_recovery_start(host);
+
+		schedule_work(&mq->recovery_work);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	mmc_blk_rw_reset_success(mq, req);
+
+	/*
+	 * Block layer timeouts race with completions which means the normal
+	 * completion path cannot be used during recovery.
+	 */
+	if (mq->in_recovery)
+		mmc_blk_cqe_complete_rq(mq, req);
+	else
+		blk_mq_complete_request(req);
+}
+
 void mmc_blk_mq_complete(struct request *req)
 {
 	struct mmc_queue *mq = req->q->queuedata;
diff --git a/drivers/mmc/core/mmc.c b/drivers/mmc/core/mmc.c
index f6912de..693921e 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/core/mmc.c
+++ b/drivers/mmc/core/mmc.c
@@ -1851,15 +1851,19 @@ static int mmc_init_card(struct mmc_host *host, u32 ocr,
 	 */
 	card->reenable_cmdq = card->ext_csd.cmdq_en;
 
-	if (card->ext_csd.cmdq_en && !host->cqe_enabled) {
+	if (host->cqe_ops && !host->cqe_enabled) {
 		err = host->cqe_ops->cqe_enable(host, card);
-		if (err) {
-			pr_err("%s: Failed to enable CQE, error %d\n",
-				mmc_hostname(host), err);
-		} else {
+		if (!err) {
 			host->cqe_enabled = true;
-			pr_info("%s: Command Queue Engine enabled\n",
-				mmc_hostname(host));
+
+			if (card->ext_csd.cmdq_en) {
+				pr_info("%s: Command Queue Engine enabled\n",
+					mmc_hostname(host));
+			} else {
+				host->hsq_enabled = true;
+				pr_info("%s: Host Software Queue enabled\n",
+					mmc_hostname(host));
+			}
 		}
 	}
 
diff --git a/drivers/mmc/core/queue.c b/drivers/mmc/core/queue.c
index 9edc086..25bee3d 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/core/queue.c
+++ b/drivers/mmc/core/queue.c
@@ -62,7 +62,7 @@ enum mmc_issue_type mmc_issue_type(struct mmc_queue *mq, struct request *req)
 {
 	struct mmc_host *host = mq->card->host;
 
-	if (mq->use_cqe)
+	if (mq->use_cqe && !host->hsq_enabled)
 		return mmc_cqe_issue_type(host, req);
 
 	if (req_op(req) == REQ_OP_READ || req_op(req) == REQ_OP_WRITE)
@@ -124,12 +124,14 @@ static enum blk_eh_timer_return mmc_mq_timed_out(struct request *req,
 {
 	struct request_queue *q = req->q;
 	struct mmc_queue *mq = q->queuedata;
+	struct mmc_card *card = mq->card;
+	struct mmc_host *host = card->host;
 	unsigned long flags;
 	int ret;
 
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&mq->lock, flags);
 
-	if (mq->recovery_needed || !mq->use_cqe)
+	if (mq->recovery_needed || !mq->use_cqe || host->hsq_enabled)
 		ret = BLK_EH_RESET_TIMER;
 	else
 		ret = mmc_cqe_timed_out(req);
@@ -144,12 +146,13 @@ static void mmc_mq_recovery_handler(struct work_struct *work)
 	struct mmc_queue *mq = container_of(work, struct mmc_queue,
 					    recovery_work);
 	struct request_queue *q = mq->queue;
+	struct mmc_host *host = mq->card->host;
 
 	mmc_get_card(mq->card, &mq->ctx);
 
 	mq->in_recovery = true;
 
-	if (mq->use_cqe)
+	if (mq->use_cqe && !host->hsq_enabled)
 		mmc_blk_cqe_recovery(mq);
 	else
 		mmc_blk_mq_recovery(mq);
@@ -160,6 +163,9 @@ static void mmc_mq_recovery_handler(struct work_struct *work)
 	mq->recovery_needed = false;
 	spin_unlock_irq(&mq->lock);
 
+	if (host->hsq_enabled)
+		host->cqe_ops->cqe_recovery_finish(host);
+
 	mmc_put_card(mq->card, &mq->ctx);
 
 	blk_mq_run_hw_queues(q, true);
@@ -279,6 +285,14 @@ static blk_status_t mmc_mq_queue_rq(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx,
 		}
 		break;
 	case MMC_ISSUE_ASYNC:
+		/*
+		 * For MMC host software queue, we only allow 2 requests in
+		 * flight to avoid a long latency.
+		 */
+		if (host->hsq_enabled && mq->in_flight[issue_type] > 2) {
+			spin_unlock_irq(&mq->lock);
+			return BLK_STS_RESOURCE;
+		}
 		break;
 	default:
 		/*
@@ -430,7 +444,7 @@ int mmc_init_queue(struct mmc_queue *mq, struct mmc_card *card)
 	 * The queue depth for CQE must match the hardware because the request
 	 * tag is used to index the hardware queue.
 	 */
-	if (mq->use_cqe)
+	if (mq->use_cqe && !host->hsq_enabled)
 		mq->tag_set.queue_depth =
 			min_t(int, card->ext_csd.cmdq_depth, host->cqe_qdepth);
 	else
diff --git a/drivers/mmc/host/Kconfig b/drivers/mmc/host/Kconfig
index 3a5089f..65d3966 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/host/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/mmc/host/Kconfig
@@ -949,6 +949,13 @@ config MMC_CQHCI
 
 	  If unsure, say N.
 
+config MMC_HSQ
+	tristate "MMC Host Software Queue support"
+	help
+	  This selects the Software Queue support.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
 config MMC_TOSHIBA_PCI
 	tristate "Toshiba Type A SD/MMC Card Interface Driver"
 	depends on PCI
diff --git a/drivers/mmc/host/Makefile b/drivers/mmc/host/Makefile
index 21d9089..b929ef9 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/host/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/mmc/host/Makefile
@@ -100,6 +100,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MMC_SDHCI_BRCMSTB)		+= sdhci-brcmstb.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MMC_SDHCI_OMAP)		+= sdhci-omap.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MMC_SDHCI_SPRD)		+= sdhci-sprd.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MMC_CQHCI)			+= cqhci.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_MMC_HSQ)			+= mmc_hsq.o
 
 ifeq ($(CONFIG_CB710_DEBUG),y)
 	CFLAGS-cb710-mmc	+= -DDEBUG
diff --git a/drivers/mmc/host/cqhci.c b/drivers/mmc/host/cqhci.c
index 5047f73..e2ea2c4 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/host/cqhci.c
+++ b/drivers/mmc/host/cqhci.c
@@ -321,14 +321,20 @@ static int cqhci_enable(struct mmc_host *mmc, struct mmc_card *card)
 	struct cqhci_host *cq_host = mmc->cqe_private;
 	int err;
 
+	if (!card->ext_csd.cmdq_en)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
 	if (cq_host->enabled)
 		return 0;
 
 	cq_host->rca = card->rca;
 
 	err = cqhci_host_alloc_tdl(cq_host);
-	if (err)
+	if (err) {
+		pr_err("%s: Failed to enable CQE, error %d\n",
+		       mmc_hostname(mmc), err);
 		return err;
+	}
 
 	__cqhci_enable(cq_host);
 
diff --git a/drivers/mmc/host/mmc_hsq.c b/drivers/mmc/host/mmc_hsq.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2011988
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/mmc/host/mmc_hsq.c
@@ -0,0 +1,343 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * MMC software queue support based on command queue interfaces
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Linaro, Inc.
+ * Author: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang@linaro.org>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/mmc/card.h>
+#include <linux/mmc/host.h>
+
+#include "mmc_hsq.h"
+
+#define HSQ_NUM_SLOTS	64
+#define HSQ_INVALID_TAG	HSQ_NUM_SLOTS
+
+static void mmc_hsq_pump_requests(struct mmc_hsq *hsq)
+{
+	struct mmc_host *mmc = hsq->mmc;
+	struct hsq_slot *slot;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&hsq->lock, flags);
+
+	/* Make sure we are not already running a request now */
+	if (hsq->mrq) {
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hsq->lock, flags);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	/* Make sure there are remain requests need to pump */
+	if (!hsq->qcnt || !hsq->enabled) {
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hsq->lock, flags);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	slot = &hsq->slot[hsq->next_tag];
+	hsq->mrq = slot->mrq;
+	hsq->qcnt--;
+
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hsq->lock, flags);
+
+	mmc->ops->request(mmc, hsq->mrq);
+}
+
+static void mmc_hsq_update_next_tag(struct mmc_hsq *hsq, int remains)
+{
+	struct hsq_slot *slot;
+	int tag;
+
+	/*
+	 * If there are no remain requests in software queue, then set a invalid
+	 * tag.
+	 */
+	if (!remains) {
+		hsq->next_tag = HSQ_INVALID_TAG;
+		return;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Increasing the next tag and check if the corresponding request is
+	 * available, if yes, then we found a candidate request.
+	 */
+	if (++hsq->next_tag != HSQ_INVALID_TAG) {
+		slot = &hsq->slot[hsq->next_tag];
+		if (slot->mrq)
+			return;
+	}
+
+	/* Othersie we should iterate all slots to find a available tag. */
+	for (tag = 0; tag < HSQ_NUM_SLOTS; tag++) {
+		slot = &hsq->slot[tag];
+		if (slot->mrq)
+			break;
+	}
+
+	if (tag == HSQ_NUM_SLOTS)
+		tag = HSQ_INVALID_TAG;
+
+	hsq->next_tag = tag;
+}
+
+static void mmc_hsq_post_request(struct mmc_hsq *hsq)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	int remains;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&hsq->lock, flags);
+
+	remains = hsq->qcnt;
+	hsq->mrq = NULL;
+
+	/* Update the next available tag to be queued. */
+	mmc_hsq_update_next_tag(hsq, remains);
+
+	if (hsq->waiting_for_idle && !remains) {
+		hsq->waiting_for_idle = false;
+		wake_up(&hsq->wait_queue);
+	}
+
+	/* Do not pump new request in recovery mode. */
+	if (hsq->recovery_halt) {
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hsq->lock, flags);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hsq->lock, flags);
+
+	 /*
+	  * Try to pump new request to host controller as fast as possible,
+	  * after completing previous request.
+	  */
+	if (remains > 0)
+		mmc_hsq_pump_requests(hsq);
+}
+
+/**
+ * mmc_hsq_finalize_request - finalize one request if the request is done
+ * @mmc: the host controller
+ * @mrq: the request need to be finalized
+ *
+ * Return true if we finalized the corresponding request in software queue,
+ * otherwise return false.
+ */
+bool mmc_hsq_finalize_request(struct mmc_host *mmc, struct mmc_request *mrq)
+{
+	struct mmc_hsq *hsq = mmc->cqe_private;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&hsq->lock, flags);
+
+	if (!hsq->enabled || !hsq->mrq || hsq->mrq != mrq) {
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hsq->lock, flags);
+		return false;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Clear current completed slot request to make a room for new request.
+	 */
+	hsq->slot[hsq->next_tag].mrq = NULL;
+
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hsq->lock, flags);
+
+	mmc_cqe_request_done(mmc, hsq->mrq);
+
+	mmc_hsq_post_request(hsq);
+
+	return true;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmc_hsq_finalize_request);
+
+static void mmc_hsq_recovery_start(struct mmc_host *mmc)
+{
+	struct mmc_hsq *hsq = mmc->cqe_private;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&hsq->lock, flags);
+
+	hsq->recovery_halt = true;
+
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hsq->lock, flags);
+}
+
+static void mmc_hsq_recovery_finish(struct mmc_host *mmc)
+{
+	struct mmc_hsq *hsq = mmc->cqe_private;
+	int remains;
+
+	spin_lock_irq(&hsq->lock);
+
+	hsq->recovery_halt = false;
+	remains = hsq->qcnt;
+
+	spin_unlock_irq(&hsq->lock);
+
+	/*
+	 * Try to pump new request if there are request pending in software
+	 * queue after finishing recovery.
+	 */
+	if (remains > 0)
+		mmc_hsq_pump_requests(hsq);
+}
+
+static int mmc_hsq_request(struct mmc_host *mmc, struct mmc_request *mrq)
+{
+	struct mmc_hsq *hsq = mmc->cqe_private;
+	int tag = mrq->tag;
+
+	spin_lock_irq(&hsq->lock);
+
+	if (!hsq->enabled) {
+		spin_unlock_irq(&hsq->lock);
+		return -ESHUTDOWN;
+	}
+
+	/* Do not queue any new requests in recovery mode. */
+	if (hsq->recovery_halt) {
+		spin_unlock_irq(&hsq->lock);
+		return -EBUSY;
+	}
+
+	hsq->slot[tag].mrq = mrq;
+
+	/*
+	 * Set the next tag as current request tag if no available
+	 * next tag.
+	 */
+	if (hsq->next_tag == HSQ_INVALID_TAG)
+		hsq->next_tag = tag;
+
+	hsq->qcnt++;
+
+	spin_unlock_irq(&hsq->lock);
+
+	mmc_hsq_pump_requests(hsq);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void mmc_hsq_post_req(struct mmc_host *mmc, struct mmc_request *mrq)
+{
+	if (mmc->ops->post_req)
+		mmc->ops->post_req(mmc, mrq, 0);
+}
+
+static bool mmc_hsq_queue_is_idle(struct mmc_hsq *hsq, int *ret)
+{
+	bool is_idle;
+
+	spin_lock_irq(&hsq->lock);
+
+	is_idle = (!hsq->mrq && !hsq->qcnt) ||
+		hsq->recovery_halt;
+
+	*ret = hsq->recovery_halt ? -EBUSY : 0;
+	hsq->waiting_for_idle = !is_idle;
+
+	spin_unlock_irq(&hsq->lock);
+
+	return is_idle;
+}
+
+static int mmc_hsq_wait_for_idle(struct mmc_host *mmc)
+{
+	struct mmc_hsq *hsq = mmc->cqe_private;
+	int ret;
+
+	wait_event(hsq->wait_queue,
+		   mmc_hsq_queue_is_idle(hsq, &ret));
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void mmc_hsq_disable(struct mmc_host *mmc)
+{
+	struct mmc_hsq *hsq = mmc->cqe_private;
+	u32 timeout = 500;
+	int ret;
+
+	spin_lock_irq(&hsq->lock);
+
+	if (!hsq->enabled) {
+		spin_unlock_irq(&hsq->lock);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	spin_unlock_irq(&hsq->lock);
+
+	ret = wait_event_timeout(hsq->wait_queue,
+				 mmc_hsq_queue_is_idle(hsq, &ret),
+				 msecs_to_jiffies(timeout));
+	if (ret == 0) {
+		pr_warn("could not stop mmc software queue\n");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	spin_lock_irq(&hsq->lock);
+
+	hsq->enabled = false;
+
+	spin_unlock_irq(&hsq->lock);
+}
+
+static int mmc_hsq_enable(struct mmc_host *mmc, struct mmc_card *card)
+{
+	struct mmc_hsq *hsq = mmc->cqe_private;
+
+	spin_lock_irq(&hsq->lock);
+
+	if (hsq->enabled) {
+		spin_unlock_irq(&hsq->lock);
+		return -EBUSY;
+	}
+
+	hsq->enabled = true;
+
+	spin_unlock_irq(&hsq->lock);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct mmc_cqe_ops mmc_hsq_ops = {
+	.cqe_enable = mmc_hsq_enable,
+	.cqe_disable = mmc_hsq_disable,
+	.cqe_request = mmc_hsq_request,
+	.cqe_post_req = mmc_hsq_post_req,
+	.cqe_wait_for_idle = mmc_hsq_wait_for_idle,
+	.cqe_recovery_start = mmc_hsq_recovery_start,
+	.cqe_recovery_finish = mmc_hsq_recovery_finish,
+};
+
+int mmc_hsq_init(struct mmc_hsq *hsq, struct mmc_host *mmc)
+{
+	hsq->num_slots = HSQ_NUM_SLOTS;
+	hsq->next_tag = HSQ_INVALID_TAG;
+
+	hsq->slot = devm_kcalloc(mmc_dev(mmc), hsq->num_slots,
+				 sizeof(struct hsq_slot), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!hsq->slot)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	hsq->mmc = mmc;
+	hsq->mmc->cqe_private = hsq;
+	mmc->cqe_ops = &mmc_hsq_ops;
+
+	spin_lock_init(&hsq->lock);
+	init_waitqueue_head(&hsq->wait_queue);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmc_hsq_init);
+
+void mmc_hsq_suspend(struct mmc_host *mmc)
+{
+	mmc_hsq_disable(mmc);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmc_hsq_suspend);
+
+int mmc_hsq_resume(struct mmc_host *mmc)
+{
+	return mmc_hsq_enable(mmc, NULL);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmc_hsq_resume);
diff --git a/drivers/mmc/host/mmc_hsq.h b/drivers/mmc/host/mmc_hsq.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d51beb7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/mmc/host/mmc_hsq.h
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#ifndef LINUX_MMC_HSQ_H
+#define LINUX_MMC_HSQ_H
+
+struct hsq_slot {
+	struct mmc_request *mrq;
+};
+
+struct mmc_hsq {
+	struct mmc_host *mmc;
+	struct mmc_request *mrq;
+	wait_queue_head_t wait_queue;
+	struct hsq_slot *slot;
+	spinlock_t lock;
+
+	int next_tag;
+	int num_slots;
+	int qcnt;
+
+	bool enabled;
+	bool waiting_for_idle;
+	bool recovery_halt;
+};
+
+int mmc_hsq_init(struct mmc_hsq *hsq, struct mmc_host *mmc);
+void mmc_hsq_suspend(struct mmc_host *mmc);
+int mmc_hsq_resume(struct mmc_host *mmc);
+bool mmc_hsq_finalize_request(struct mmc_host *mmc, struct mmc_request *mrq);
+
+#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/mmc/host.h b/include/linux/mmc/host.h
index ba70338..562ed06 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmc/host.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmc/host.h
@@ -462,6 +462,9 @@ struct mmc_host {
 	bool			cqe_enabled;
 	bool			cqe_on;
 
+	/* Host Software Queue support */
+	bool			hsq_enabled;
+
 	unsigned long		private[0] ____cacheline_aligned;
 };
 
-- 
1.7.9.5


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 2/5] mmc: core: Enable the MMC host software queue for the SD card
  2020-02-12  4:12 [PATCH v9 0/5] Add MMC software queue support Baolin Wang
  2020-02-12  4:12 ` [PATCH v9 1/5] mmc: Add MMC host " Baolin Wang
@ 2020-02-12  4:12 ` Baolin Wang
  2020-02-12  4:12 ` [PATCH v9 3/5] mmc: host: sdhci: Add request_done ops for struct sdhci_ops Baolin Wang
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Baolin Wang @ 2020-02-12  4:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: adrian.hunter, ulf.hansson, asutoshd
  Cc: orsonzhai, zhang.lyra, arnd, linus.walleij, baolin.wang,
	baolin.wang7, linux-mmc, linux-kernel

From: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang@linaro.org>

Enable the MMC host software queue for the SD card if the host controller
supports the MMC host software queue.

On my Spreadtrum platform, I did not see any obvious performance changes
in 4K block size when changing to use hsq for the SD cards, I think the
reason is the SD card works at a low speed on my platform, and most of
time is spent in the hardware. But we can see some obvious improvements
when enabling the packed request based on hsq, that's why we still add hsq
support for the SD cards.

Signed-off-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
---
 drivers/mmc/core/sd.c |   10 ++++++++++
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/mmc/core/sd.c b/drivers/mmc/core/sd.c
index fe914ff..76c7add 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/core/sd.c
+++ b/drivers/mmc/core/sd.c
@@ -1082,6 +1082,16 @@ static int mmc_sd_init_card(struct mmc_host *host, u32 ocr,
 		}
 	}
 
+	if (host->cqe_ops && !host->cqe_enabled) {
+		err = host->cqe_ops->cqe_enable(host, card);
+		if (!err) {
+			host->cqe_enabled = true;
+			host->hsq_enabled = true;
+			pr_info("%s: Host Software Queue enabled\n",
+				mmc_hostname(host));
+		}
+	}
+
 	if (host->caps2 & MMC_CAP2_AVOID_3_3V &&
 	    host->ios.signal_voltage == MMC_SIGNAL_VOLTAGE_330) {
 		pr_err("%s: Host failed to negotiate down from 3.3V\n",
-- 
1.7.9.5


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 3/5] mmc: host: sdhci: Add request_done ops for struct sdhci_ops
  2020-02-12  4:12 [PATCH v9 0/5] Add MMC software queue support Baolin Wang
  2020-02-12  4:12 ` [PATCH v9 1/5] mmc: Add MMC host " Baolin Wang
  2020-02-12  4:12 ` [PATCH v9 2/5] mmc: core: Enable the MMC host software queue for the SD card Baolin Wang
@ 2020-02-12  4:12 ` Baolin Wang
  2020-02-12  4:12 ` [PATCH v9 4/5] mmc: host: sdhci: Add a variable to defer to complete requests if needed Baolin Wang
  2020-02-12  4:13 ` [PATCH v9 5/5] mmc: host: sdhci-sprd: Add software queue support Baolin Wang
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Baolin Wang @ 2020-02-12  4:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: adrian.hunter, ulf.hansson, asutoshd
  Cc: orsonzhai, zhang.lyra, arnd, linus.walleij, baolin.wang,
	baolin.wang7, linux-mmc, linux-kernel

From: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang@linaro.org>

Add request_done ops for struct sdhci_ops as a preparation in case some
host controllers have different method to complete one request, such as
supporting request completion of MMC software queue.

Suggested-by: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
---
 drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.c |   12 ++++++++++--
 drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.h |    2 ++
 2 files changed, 12 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.c b/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.c
index 63db844..9761981 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.c
+++ b/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.c
@@ -2944,7 +2944,10 @@ static bool sdhci_request_done(struct sdhci_host *host)
 
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&host->lock, flags);
 
-	mmc_request_done(host->mmc, mrq);
+	if (host->ops->request_done)
+		host->ops->request_done(host, mrq);
+	else
+		mmc_request_done(host->mmc, mrq);
 
 	return false;
 }
@@ -3372,7 +3375,12 @@ static irqreturn_t sdhci_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)
 
 	/* Process mrqs ready for immediate completion */
 	for (i = 0; i < SDHCI_MAX_MRQS; i++) {
-		if (mrqs_done[i])
+		if (!mrqs_done[i])
+			continue;
+
+		if (host->ops->request_done)
+			host->ops->request_done(host, mrqs_done[i]);
+		else
 			mmc_request_done(host->mmc, mrqs_done[i]);
 	}
 
diff --git a/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.h b/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.h
index a6a3ddc..3e95f74 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.h
+++ b/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.h
@@ -654,6 +654,8 @@ struct sdhci_ops {
 	void	(*voltage_switch)(struct sdhci_host *host);
 	void	(*adma_write_desc)(struct sdhci_host *host, void **desc,
 				   dma_addr_t addr, int len, unsigned int cmd);
+	void	(*request_done)(struct sdhci_host *host,
+				struct mmc_request *mrq);
 };
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_MMC_SDHCI_IO_ACCESSORS
-- 
1.7.9.5


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 4/5] mmc: host: sdhci: Add a variable to defer to complete requests if needed
  2020-02-12  4:12 [PATCH v9 0/5] Add MMC software queue support Baolin Wang
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-02-12  4:12 ` [PATCH v9 3/5] mmc: host: sdhci: Add request_done ops for struct sdhci_ops Baolin Wang
@ 2020-02-12  4:12 ` Baolin Wang
  2020-02-12  4:13 ` [PATCH v9 5/5] mmc: host: sdhci-sprd: Add software queue support Baolin Wang
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Baolin Wang @ 2020-02-12  4:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: adrian.hunter, ulf.hansson, asutoshd
  Cc: orsonzhai, zhang.lyra, arnd, linus.walleij, baolin.wang,
	baolin.wang7, linux-mmc, linux-kernel

From: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang@linaro.org>

When using the host software queue, it will trigger the next request in
irq handler without a context switch. But the sdhci_request() can not be
called in interrupt context when using host software queue for some host
drivers, due to the get_cd() ops can be sleepable.

But for some host drivers, such as Spreadtrum host driver, the card is
nonremovable, so the get_cd() ops is not sleepable, which means we can
complete the data request and trigger the next request in irq handler
to remove the context switch for the Spreadtrum host driver.

As suggested by Adrian, we should introduce a request_atomic() API to
indicate that a request can be called in interrupt context to remove
the context switch when using mmc host software queue. But this should
be done in another thread to convert the users of mmc host software queue.
Thus we can introduce a variable in struct sdhci_host to indicate that
we will always to defer to complete requests when using the host software
queue.

Suggested-by: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
---
 drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.c |    2 +-
 drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.h |    1 +
 2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.c b/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.c
index 9761981..9c37451 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.c
+++ b/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.c
@@ -3250,7 +3250,7 @@ static inline bool sdhci_defer_done(struct sdhci_host *host,
 {
 	struct mmc_data *data = mrq->data;
 
-	return host->pending_reset ||
+	return host->pending_reset || host->always_defer_done ||
 	       ((host->flags & SDHCI_REQ_USE_DMA) && data &&
 		data->host_cookie == COOKIE_MAPPED);
 }
diff --git a/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.h b/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.h
index 3e95f74..cac2d97 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.h
+++ b/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci.h
@@ -537,6 +537,7 @@ struct sdhci_host {
 	bool irq_wake_enabled;	/* IRQ wakeup is enabled */
 	bool v4_mode;		/* Host Version 4 Enable */
 	bool use_external_dma;	/* Host selects to use external DMA */
+	bool always_defer_done;	/* Always defer to complete requests */
 
 	struct mmc_request *mrqs_done[SDHCI_MAX_MRQS];	/* Requests done */
 	struct mmc_command *cmd;	/* Current command */
-- 
1.7.9.5


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 5/5] mmc: host: sdhci-sprd: Add software queue support
  2020-02-12  4:12 [PATCH v9 0/5] Add MMC software queue support Baolin Wang
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-02-12  4:12 ` [PATCH v9 4/5] mmc: host: sdhci: Add a variable to defer to complete requests if needed Baolin Wang
@ 2020-02-12  4:13 ` Baolin Wang
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Baolin Wang @ 2020-02-12  4:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: adrian.hunter, ulf.hansson, asutoshd
  Cc: orsonzhai, zhang.lyra, arnd, linus.walleij, baolin.wang,
	baolin.wang7, linux-mmc, linux-kernel

From: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang@linaro.org>

Add software queue support to improve the performance.

Signed-off-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@gmail.com>
---
 drivers/mmc/host/Kconfig      |    1 +
 drivers/mmc/host/sdhci-sprd.c |   28 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 29 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/mmc/host/Kconfig b/drivers/mmc/host/Kconfig
index 65d3966..3ea45be 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/host/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/mmc/host/Kconfig
@@ -645,6 +645,7 @@ config MMC_SDHCI_SPRD
 	depends on ARCH_SPRD
 	depends on MMC_SDHCI_PLTFM
 	select MMC_SDHCI_IO_ACCESSORS
+	select MMC_HSQ
 	help
 	  This selects the SDIO Host Controller in Spreadtrum
 	  SoCs, this driver supports R11(IP version: R11P0).
diff --git a/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci-sprd.c b/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci-sprd.c
index d07b979..d346223 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci-sprd.c
+++ b/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci-sprd.c
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
 #include <linux/slab.h>
 
 #include "sdhci-pltfm.h"
+#include "mmc_hsq.h"
 
 /* SDHCI_ARGUMENT2 register high 16bit */
 #define SDHCI_SPRD_ARG2_STUFF		GENMASK(31, 16)
@@ -379,6 +380,16 @@ static unsigned int sdhci_sprd_get_ro(struct sdhci_host *host)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static void sdhci_sprd_request_done(struct sdhci_host *host,
+				    struct mmc_request *mrq)
+{
+	/* Validate if the request was from software queue firstly. */
+	if (mmc_hsq_finalize_request(host->mmc, mrq))
+		return;
+
+	 mmc_request_done(host->mmc, mrq);
+}
+
 static struct sdhci_ops sdhci_sprd_ops = {
 	.read_l = sdhci_sprd_readl,
 	.write_l = sdhci_sprd_writel,
@@ -392,6 +403,7 @@ static unsigned int sdhci_sprd_get_ro(struct sdhci_host *host)
 	.hw_reset = sdhci_sprd_hw_reset,
 	.get_max_timeout_count = sdhci_sprd_get_max_timeout_count,
 	.get_ro = sdhci_sprd_get_ro,
+	.request_done = sdhci_sprd_request_done,
 };
 
 static void sdhci_sprd_request(struct mmc_host *mmc, struct mmc_request *mrq)
@@ -521,6 +533,7 @@ static int sdhci_sprd_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
 {
 	struct sdhci_host *host;
 	struct sdhci_sprd_host *sprd_host;
+	struct mmc_hsq *hsq;
 	struct clk *clk;
 	int ret = 0;
 
@@ -631,6 +644,18 @@ static int sdhci_sprd_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
 
 	sprd_host->flags = host->flags;
 
+	hsq = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*hsq), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!hsq) {
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto err_cleanup_host;
+	}
+
+	ret = mmc_hsq_init(hsq, host->mmc);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_cleanup_host;
+
+	host->always_defer_done = true;
+
 	ret = __sdhci_add_host(host);
 	if (ret)
 		goto err_cleanup_host;
@@ -689,6 +714,7 @@ static int sdhci_sprd_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev)
 	struct sdhci_host *host = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
 	struct sdhci_sprd_host *sprd_host = TO_SPRD_HOST(host);
 
+	mmc_hsq_suspend(host->mmc);
 	sdhci_runtime_suspend_host(host);
 
 	clk_disable_unprepare(sprd_host->clk_sdio);
@@ -717,6 +743,8 @@ static int sdhci_sprd_runtime_resume(struct device *dev)
 		goto clk_disable;
 
 	sdhci_runtime_resume_host(host, 1);
+	mmc_hsq_resume(host->mmc);
+
 	return 0;
 
 clk_disable:
-- 
1.7.9.5


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 6+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2020-02-12  4:12 [PATCH v9 0/5] Add MMC software queue support Baolin Wang
2020-02-12  4:12 ` [PATCH v9 1/5] mmc: Add MMC host " Baolin Wang
2020-02-12  4:12 ` [PATCH v9 2/5] mmc: core: Enable the MMC host software queue for the SD card Baolin Wang
2020-02-12  4:12 ` [PATCH v9 3/5] mmc: host: sdhci: Add request_done ops for struct sdhci_ops Baolin Wang
2020-02-12  4:12 ` [PATCH v9 4/5] mmc: host: sdhci: Add a variable to defer to complete requests if needed Baolin Wang
2020-02-12  4:13 ` [PATCH v9 5/5] mmc: host: sdhci-sprd: Add software queue support Baolin Wang

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	public-inbox-init -V2 linux-mmc linux-mmc/ https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mmc \
		linux-mmc@vger.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index linux-mmc

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.linux-mmc


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git