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* [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 Eric Biggers
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 01/20] fs, fscrypt: move uapi definitions to new header <linux/fscrypt.h> Eric Biggers
                   ` (20 more replies)
  0 siblings, 21 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

Hello,

[Note: I'd like to apply this for v5.4.  Additional review is greatly
 appreciated, especially of the API before it's set in stone.  Thanks!]

This patchset makes major improvements to how keys are added, removed,
and derived in fscrypt, aka ext4/f2fs/ubifs encryption.  It does this by
adding new ioctls that add and remove encryption keys directly to/from
the filesystem, and by adding a new encryption policy version ("v2")
where the user-provided keys are only used as input to HKDF-SHA512 and
are identified by their cryptographic hash.

All new APIs and all cryptosystem changes are documented in
Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst.  Userspace can use the new key
management ioctls with existing encrypted directories, but migrating to
v2 encryption policies is needed for the full benefits.

These changes solve four interrelated problems:

(1) Providing fscrypt keys via process-subscribed keyrings is abusing
    encryption as an OS-level access control mechanism, causing many
    bugs where processes don't get access to the keys they need -- e.g.,
    when a 'sudo' command or a system service needs to access encrypted
    files.  It's also inconsistent with the filesystem/VFS "view" of
    encrypted files which is global, so sometimes things randomly happen
    to work anyway due to caching.  Regardless, currently almost all
    fscrypt users actually do need global keys, so they're having to use
    workarounds that heavily abuse the session or user keyrings, e.g.
    Android and Chromium OS both use a systemwide "session keyring" and
    the 'fscrypt' tool links all user keyrings into root's user keyring.

(2) Currently there's no way to securely and efficiently remove a
    fscrypt key such that not only is the original key wiped, but also
    all files and directories protected by that key are "locked" and
    their per-file keys wiped.  Many users want this and are using
    'echo 2 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches' as a workaround, but this is
    root-only, and also is overkill so can be a performance disaster.

(3) The key derivation function (KDF) that fscrypt uses to derive
    per-file keys is nonstandard, inflexible, and has some weaknesses
    such as being reversible and not evenly distributing the entropy
    from the user-provided keys.

(4) fscrypt doesn't check that the correct key was supplied.  This can
    be a security vulnerability, since it allows malicious local users
    to associate the wrong key with files to which they have read-only
    access, causing other users' processes to read/write the wrong data.

Ultimately, the solutions to these problems all tie into each other.  By
adding a filesystem-level encryption keyring with ioctls to add/remove
keys to/from it, the keys are made usable filesystem-wide (solves
problem #1).  It also becomes easy to track the inodes that were
"unlocked" with each key, so they can be evicted when the key is removed
(solves problem #2).  Moreover, the filesystem-level keyring is a
natural place to store an HMAC transform keyed by each key, thus making
it easy and efficient to switch the KDF to HKDF (solves problem #3).

Finally, to check that the correct key was supplied, I use HKDF to
derive a cryptographically secure key_identifier for each key (solves
problem #4).  This in combination with key quotas and other careful
precautions also makes it safe to allow non-root users to add and remove
keys to/from the filesystem-level keyring.  Thus, all problems are
solved without having to restrict the fscrypt API to root only.

The patchset is organized as follows:

- Patches 1-8 create a dedicated UAPI header for fscrypt and do various
  refactoring and cleanups in preparation for the later patches.

- Patches 9-11 add new ioctls FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY,
  FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY, and FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS.
  Adding a key logically "unlocks" all files on the filesystem that are
  protected by that key; removing a key "locks" them again.

- Patches 12-16 add support for v2 encryption policies.

- Patches 17-19 wire up the new ioctls to ext4, f2fs, and ubifs.

- Patch 20 updates the fscrypt documentation for all the changes.

This patchset applies to v5.3-rc3 with the pending fscrypt cleanup
patches applied (https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/11057589/ and
https://patchwork.kernel.org/cover/11057583/).
You can also get it from git at:

	Repository:   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiggers/linux.git
	Branch:       fscrypt-key-mgmt-improvements-v8

I've written xfstests for the new APIs.  They test the APIs themselves
as well as verify the correctness of the ciphertext stored on-disk for
v2 encryption policies.  The tests can be found at:

	Repository:   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiggers/xfstests-dev.git
	Branch:       fscrypt-key-mgmt-improvements

The xfstests depend on new xfs_io commands which can be found at:

	Repository:   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiggers/xfsprogs-dev.git
	Branch:       fscrypt-key-mgmt-improvements

This patchset also passes all the existing encryption tests in xfstests,
including the ciphertext verification tests which verify that there are
no regressions in the crypto for any existing encryption settings.

I've also made proof-of-concept changes to the 'fscrypt' userspace
program (https://github.com/google/fscrypt) to make it support v2
encryption policies.  You can find these changes in git at:

	Repository:   https://github.com/ebiggers/fscrypt.git
	Branch:       fscrypt-key-mgmt-improvements

To make the 'fscrypt' userspace program experimentally use v2 encryption
policies on new encrypted directories, add the following to
/etc/fscrypt.conf within the "options" section:

	"policy_version": "2"

Finally, it's also planned for Android and Chromium OS to switch to the
new ioctls and eventually to v2 encryption policies.  Work-in-progress,
proof-of-concept changes by Satya Tangirala for AOSP can be found at
https://android-review.googlesource.com/q/topic:fscrypt-key-mgmt-improvements

Changes v7 => v8:
    - Replace -EUSERS and -EBUSY statuses for
      FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY with informational status flags.
    - Replace FSCRYPT_REMOVE_KEY_FLAG_ALL_USERS with a separate ioctl,
      FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS.
    - Improve the documentation.
    - Improve some comments.
    - Rename keysetup_legacy.c => keysetup_v1.c, and split the keyinfo.c
      refactoring into multiple patches to make it easier to review.
    - Avoid checks like 'if (v1 policy) { ... } else { ... }' even when
      the policy version was already validated.  Instead handle v1, v2,
      and default case explicitly.
    - In warning messages that refer to keys in the fs-level keyring,
      say "descriptor" or "identifier" instead of "description".
    - Restore a fscrypt_warn() that was accidentally lost when rebasing.
    - Rebase onto v5.3-rc3.
    - Other small cleanups.

Changes v6 => v7:
    - Rebase onto v5.3-rc1 and the pending fscrypt cleanups.
    - Work around false positive compile-time buffer overflow check in
      copy_from_user() in fscrypt_ioctl_set_policy() when building an
      i386 kernel in a specific config with an old gcc version.
    - A few very minor cleanups.

Changes v5 => v6:
    - Change HKDF to use the specification-defined default salt rather
      than a custom fixed salt, and prepend the string "fscrypt" to
      'info' instead.  This is arguably needed to match how RFC 5869 and
      SP 800-56C are worded.  Both ways are secure in this context, so
      prefer the "boring" way that clearly matches the standards.
    - Rebase onto v5.2-rc1.
    - A few small cleanups.

Changes v4 => v5:
    - Simplify shrink_dcache_inode(), as suggested by Al Viro;
      also move it into fs/crypto/.
    - Fix a build error on some architectures by calling
      copy_from_user() rather than get_user() with a __u64 pointer.

Changes v3 => v4:
    - Introduce fscrypt_sb_free() to avoid an extra #ifdef.
    - Fix UBIFS's ->drop_inode().
    - Add 'version' to union fscrypt_policy and union fscrypt_context.

Changes v2 => v3:
    - Use ->drop_inode() to trigger the inode eviction during/after
      FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY, as suggested by Dave Chinner.
    - A few small cleanups.

v1 of this patchset was sent in October 2017 with title "fscrypt:
filesystem-level keyring and v2 policy support".  This revived version
follows the same basic design but incorporates numerous improvements,
such as splitting keyinfo.c into multiple files for much better
understandability, and introducing "per-mode" encryption keys to
implement the semantics of the DIRECT_KEY encryption policy flag.

Eric Biggers (20):
  fs, fscrypt: move uapi definitions to new header <linux/fscrypt.h>
  fscrypt: use FSCRYPT_ prefix for uapi constants
  fscrypt: use FSCRYPT_* definitions, not FS_*
  fscrypt: add ->ci_inode to fscrypt_info
  fscrypt: rename fscrypt_master_key to fscrypt_direct_key
  fscrypt: refactor key setup code in preparation for v2 policies
  fscrypt: move v1 policy key setup to keysetup_v1.c
  fscrypt: rename keyinfo.c to keysetup.c
  fscrypt: add FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl
  fscrypt: add FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl
  fscrypt: add FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS ioctl
  fscrypt: add an HKDF-SHA512 implementation
  fscrypt: v2 encryption policy support
  fscrypt: allow unprivileged users to add/remove keys for v2 policies
  fscrypt: add FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS ioctl
  fscrypt: require that key be added when setting a v2 encryption policy
  ext4: wire up new fscrypt ioctls
  f2fs: wire up new fscrypt ioctls
  ubifs: wire up new fscrypt ioctls
  fscrypt: document the new ioctls and policy version

 Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst | 755 ++++++++++++++++----
 MAINTAINERS                           |   1 +
 fs/crypto/Kconfig                     |   2 +
 fs/crypto/Makefile                    |  10 +-
 fs/crypto/crypto.c                    |  12 +-
 fs/crypto/fname.c                     |   5 +-
 fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h           | 389 +++++++++-
 fs/crypto/hkdf.c                      | 181 +++++
 fs/crypto/keyinfo.c                   | 627 ----------------
 fs/crypto/keyring.c                   | 981 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/crypto/keysetup.c                  | 591 ++++++++++++++++
 fs/crypto/keysetup_v1.c               | 340 +++++++++
 fs/crypto/policy.c                    | 434 +++++++++---
 fs/ext4/ioctl.c                       |  30 +
 fs/ext4/super.c                       |   3 +
 fs/f2fs/file.c                        |  58 ++
 fs/f2fs/super.c                       |   2 +
 fs/super.c                            |   2 +
 fs/ubifs/ioctl.c                      |  20 +
 fs/ubifs/super.c                      |  11 +
 include/linux/fs.h                    |   1 +
 include/linux/fscrypt.h               |  55 +-
 include/uapi/linux/fs.h               |  54 +-
 include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h          | 181 +++++
 24 files changed, 3787 insertions(+), 958 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 fs/crypto/hkdf.c
 delete mode 100644 fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
 create mode 100644 fs/crypto/keyring.c
 create mode 100644 fs/crypto/keysetup.c
 create mode 100644 fs/crypto/keysetup_v1.c
 create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h

-- 
2.22.0


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 01/20] fs, fscrypt: move uapi definitions to new header <linux/fscrypt.h>
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 02/20] fscrypt: use FSCRYPT_ prefix for uapi constants Eric Biggers
                   ` (19 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

More fscrypt definitions are being added, and we shouldn't use a
disproportionate amount of space in <linux/fs.h> for fscrypt stuff.
So move the fscrypt definitions to a new header <linux/fscrypt.h>.

For source compatibility with existing userspace programs, <linux/fs.h>
still includes the new header.

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 MAINTAINERS                  |  1 +
 include/linux/fscrypt.h      |  1 +
 include/uapi/linux/fs.h      | 54 ++-----------------------------
 include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h | 61 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 66 insertions(+), 51 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index a2c343ee3b2ca1..714ffdaaa9204f 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -6603,6 +6603,7 @@ T:	git git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/fs/fscrypt/fscrypt.git
 S:	Supported
 F:	fs/crypto/
 F:	include/linux/fscrypt*.h
+F:	include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
 F:	Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst
 
 FSI SUBSYSTEM
diff --git a/include/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/linux/fscrypt.h
index bd8f207a2fb68b..81c0c754f8b21b 100644
--- a/include/linux/fscrypt.h
+++ b/include/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
 #include <linux/fs.h>
 #include <linux/mm.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/fscrypt.h>
 
 #define FS_CRYPTO_BLOCK_SIZE		16
 
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fs.h b/include/uapi/linux/fs.h
index 59c71fa8c553a3..41bd84d25a9807 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fs.h
@@ -13,6 +13,9 @@
 #include <linux/limits.h>
 #include <linux/ioctl.h>
 #include <linux/types.h>
+#ifndef __KERNEL__
+#include <linux/fscrypt.h>
+#endif
 
 /* Use of MS_* flags within the kernel is restricted to core mount(2) code. */
 #if !defined(__KERNEL__)
@@ -212,57 +215,6 @@ struct fsxattr {
 #define FS_IOC_GETFSLABEL		_IOR(0x94, 49, char[FSLABEL_MAX])
 #define FS_IOC_SETFSLABEL		_IOW(0x94, 50, char[FSLABEL_MAX])
 
-/*
- * File system encryption support
- */
-/* Policy provided via an ioctl on the topmost directory */
-#define FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE	8
-
-#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_4		0x00
-#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_8		0x01
-#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_16		0x02
-#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_32		0x03
-#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_MASK	0x03
-#define FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY	0x04	/* use master key directly */
-#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID		0x07
-
-/* Encryption algorithms */
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_INVALID		0
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS		1
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_GCM		2
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CBC		3
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CTS		4
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_128_CBC		5
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_128_CTS		6
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_SPECK128_256_XTS	7 /* Removed, do not use. */
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_SPECK128_256_CTS	8 /* Removed, do not use. */
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_ADIANTUM		9
-
-struct fscrypt_policy {
-	__u8 version;
-	__u8 contents_encryption_mode;
-	__u8 filenames_encryption_mode;
-	__u8 flags;
-	__u8 master_key_descriptor[FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
-};
-
-#define FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY	_IOR('f', 19, struct fscrypt_policy)
-#define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_PWSALT	_IOW('f', 20, __u8[16])
-#define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY	_IOW('f', 21, struct fscrypt_policy)
-
-/* Parameters for passing an encryption key into the kernel keyring */
-#define FS_KEY_DESC_PREFIX		"fscrypt:"
-#define FS_KEY_DESC_PREFIX_SIZE		8
-
-/* Structure that userspace passes to the kernel keyring */
-#define FS_MAX_KEY_SIZE			64
-
-struct fscrypt_key {
-	__u32 mode;
-	__u8 raw[FS_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
-	__u32 size;
-};
-
 /*
  * Inode flags (FS_IOC_GETFLAGS / FS_IOC_SETFLAGS)
  *
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000000..26f6d2c19afd3f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -0,0 +1,61 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
+/*
+ * fscrypt user API
+ *
+ * These ioctls can be used on filesystems that support fscrypt.  See the
+ * "User API" section of Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst.
+ */
+#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_FSCRYPT_H
+#define _UAPI_LINUX_FSCRYPT_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+#define FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE	8
+
+/* Encryption policy flags */
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_4		0x00
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_8		0x01
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_16		0x02
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_32		0x03
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_MASK	0x03
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY	0x04	/* use master key directly */
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID		0x07
+
+/* Encryption algorithms */
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_INVALID		0
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS		1
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_GCM		2
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CBC		3
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CTS		4
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_128_CBC		5
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_128_CTS		6
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_SPECK128_256_XTS	7 /* Removed, do not use. */
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_SPECK128_256_CTS	8 /* Removed, do not use. */
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_ADIANTUM		9
+
+struct fscrypt_policy {
+	__u8 version;
+	__u8 contents_encryption_mode;
+	__u8 filenames_encryption_mode;
+	__u8 flags;
+	__u8 master_key_descriptor[FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+};
+
+#define FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY	_IOR('f', 19, struct fscrypt_policy)
+#define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_PWSALT	_IOW('f', 20, __u8[16])
+#define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY	_IOW('f', 21, struct fscrypt_policy)
+
+/* Parameters for passing an encryption key into the kernel keyring */
+#define FS_KEY_DESC_PREFIX		"fscrypt:"
+#define FS_KEY_DESC_PREFIX_SIZE		8
+
+/* Structure that userspace passes to the kernel keyring */
+#define FS_MAX_KEY_SIZE			64
+
+struct fscrypt_key {
+	__u32 mode;
+	__u8 raw[FS_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
+	__u32 size;
+};
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_FSCRYPT_H */
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 02/20] fscrypt: use FSCRYPT_ prefix for uapi constants
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 01/20] fs, fscrypt: move uapi definitions to new header <linux/fscrypt.h> Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 03/20] fscrypt: use FSCRYPT_* definitions, not FS_* Eric Biggers
                   ` (18 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Prefix all filesystem encryption UAPI constants except the ioctl numbers
with "FSCRYPT_" rather than with "FS_".  This namespaces the constants
more appropriately and makes it clear that they are related specifically
to the filesystem encryption feature, and to the 'fscrypt_*' structures.
With some of the old names like "FS_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID", it was not
immediately clear that the constant had anything to do with encryption.

This is also useful because we'll be adding more encryption-related
constants, e.g. for the policy version, and we'd otherwise have to
choose whether to use unclear names like FS_POLICY_V1 or inconsistent
names like FS_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_V1.

For source compatibility with existing userspace programs, keep the old
names defined as aliases to the new names.

Finally, as long as new names are being defined anyway, I skipped
defining new names for the fscrypt mode numbers that aren't actually
used: INVALID (0), AES_256_GCM (2), AES_256_CBC (3), SPECK128_256_XTS
(7), and SPECK128_256_CTS (8).

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst | 40 ++++++++---------
 include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h          | 65 +++++++++++++++++----------
 2 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 43 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst b/Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst
index 82efa41b0e6c02..d60b885c402401 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst
@@ -225,9 +225,10 @@ a little endian number, except that:
   is encrypted with AES-256 where the AES-256 key is the SHA-256 hash
   of the file's data encryption key.
 
-- In the "direct key" configuration (FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY set in
-  the fscrypt_policy), the file's nonce is also appended to the IV.
-  Currently this is only allowed with the Adiantum encryption mode.
+- In the "direct key" configuration (FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY
+  set in the fscrypt_policy), the file's nonce is also appended to the
+  IV.  Currently this is only allowed with the Adiantum encryption
+  mode.
 
 Filenames encryption
 --------------------
@@ -274,14 +275,14 @@ empty directory or verifies that a directory or regular file already
 has the specified encryption policy.  It takes in a pointer to a
 :c:type:`struct fscrypt_policy`, defined as follows::
 
-    #define FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE  8
+    #define FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE  8
 
     struct fscrypt_policy {
             __u8 version;
             __u8 contents_encryption_mode;
             __u8 filenames_encryption_mode;
             __u8 flags;
-            __u8 master_key_descriptor[FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+            __u8 master_key_descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
     };
 
 This structure must be initialized as follows:
@@ -289,19 +290,18 @@ This structure must be initialized as follows:
 - ``version`` must be 0.
 
 - ``contents_encryption_mode`` and ``filenames_encryption_mode`` must
-  be set to constants from ``<linux/fs.h>`` which identify the
-  encryption modes to use.  If unsure, use
-  FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS (1) for ``contents_encryption_mode``
-  and FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CTS (4) for
-  ``filenames_encryption_mode``.
+  be set to constants from ``<linux/fscrypt.h>`` which identify the
+  encryption modes to use.  If unsure, use FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_XTS
+  (1) for ``contents_encryption_mode`` and FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_CTS
+  (4) for ``filenames_encryption_mode``.
 
-- ``flags`` must contain a value from ``<linux/fs.h>`` which
+- ``flags`` must contain a value from ``<linux/fscrypt.h>`` which
   identifies the amount of NUL-padding to use when encrypting
-  filenames.  If unsure, use FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_32 (0x3).
-  In addition, if the chosen encryption modes are both
-  FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_ADIANTUM, this can contain
-  FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY to specify that the master key should be
-  used directly, without key derivation.
+  filenames.  If unsure, use FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_32 (0x3).  In
+  addition, if the chosen encryption modes are both
+  FSCRYPT_MODE_ADIANTUM, this can contain
+  FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY to specify that the master key should
+  be used directly, without key derivation.
 
 - ``master_key_descriptor`` specifies how to find the master key in
   the keyring; see `Adding keys`_.  It is up to userspace to choose a
@@ -401,11 +401,11 @@ followed by the 16-character lower case hex representation of the
 ``master_key_descriptor`` that was set in the encryption policy.  The
 key payload must conform to the following structure::
 
-    #define FS_MAX_KEY_SIZE 64
+    #define FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE 64
 
     struct fscrypt_key {
             u32 mode;
-            u8 raw[FS_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
+            u8 raw[FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
             u32 size;
     };
 
@@ -574,7 +574,7 @@ much confusion if an encryption policy were to be added to or removed
 from anything other than an empty directory.)  The struct is defined
 as follows::
 
-    #define FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE  8
+    #define FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE  8
     #define FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE 16
 
     struct fscrypt_context {
@@ -582,7 +582,7 @@ as follows::
             u8 contents_encryption_mode;
             u8 filenames_encryption_mode;
             u8 flags;
-            u8 master_key_descriptor[FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+            u8 master_key_descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
             u8 nonce[FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE];
     };
 
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
index 26f6d2c19afd3f..674b0452ef5759 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -10,35 +10,30 @@
 
 #include <linux/types.h>
 
-#define FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE	8
+#define FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE	8
 
 /* Encryption policy flags */
-#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_4		0x00
-#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_8		0x01
-#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_16		0x02
-#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_32		0x03
-#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_MASK	0x03
-#define FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY	0x04	/* use master key directly */
-#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID		0x07
+#define FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_4		0x00
+#define FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_8		0x01
+#define FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_16		0x02
+#define FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_32		0x03
+#define FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_MASK		0x03
+#define FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY		0x04	/* use master key directly */
+#define FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID		0x07
 
 /* Encryption algorithms */
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_INVALID		0
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS		1
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_GCM		2
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CBC		3
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CTS		4
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_128_CBC		5
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_128_CTS		6
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_SPECK128_256_XTS	7 /* Removed, do not use. */
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_SPECK128_256_CTS	8 /* Removed, do not use. */
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_ADIANTUM		9
+#define FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_XTS		1
+#define FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_CTS		4
+#define FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_128_CBC		5
+#define FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_128_CTS		6
+#define FSCRYPT_MODE_ADIANTUM			9
 
 struct fscrypt_policy {
 	__u8 version;
 	__u8 contents_encryption_mode;
 	__u8 filenames_encryption_mode;
 	__u8 flags;
-	__u8 master_key_descriptor[FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+	__u8 master_key_descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
 };
 
 #define FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY	_IOR('f', 19, struct fscrypt_policy)
@@ -46,16 +41,40 @@ struct fscrypt_policy {
 #define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY	_IOW('f', 21, struct fscrypt_policy)
 
 /* Parameters for passing an encryption key into the kernel keyring */
-#define FS_KEY_DESC_PREFIX		"fscrypt:"
-#define FS_KEY_DESC_PREFIX_SIZE		8
+#define FSCRYPT_KEY_DESC_PREFIX		"fscrypt:"
+#define FSCRYPT_KEY_DESC_PREFIX_SIZE		8
 
 /* Structure that userspace passes to the kernel keyring */
-#define FS_MAX_KEY_SIZE			64
+#define FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE			64
 
 struct fscrypt_key {
 	__u32 mode;
-	__u8 raw[FS_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
+	__u8 raw[FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
 	__u32 size;
 };
+/**********************************************************************/
+
+/* old names; don't add anything new here! */
+#define FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE		FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_4		FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_4
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_8		FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_8
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_16		FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_16
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_32		FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_32
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_MASK	FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_MASK
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY	FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID		FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_INVALID	0	/* never used */
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS	FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_XTS
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_GCM	2	/* never used */
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CBC	3	/* never used */
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CTS	FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_CTS
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_128_CBC	FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_128_CBC
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_128_CTS	FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_128_CTS
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_SPECK128_256_XTS	7	/* removed */
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_SPECK128_256_CTS	8	/* removed */
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_ADIANTUM	FSCRYPT_MODE_ADIANTUM
+#define FS_KEY_DESC_PREFIX		FSCRYPT_KEY_DESC_PREFIX
+#define FS_KEY_DESC_PREFIX_SIZE		FSCRYPT_KEY_DESC_PREFIX_SIZE
+#define FS_MAX_KEY_SIZE			FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE
 
 #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_FSCRYPT_H */
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


______________________________________________________
Linux MTD discussion mailing list
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-mtd/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 03/20] fscrypt: use FSCRYPT_* definitions, not FS_*
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 01/20] fs, fscrypt: move uapi definitions to new header <linux/fscrypt.h> Eric Biggers
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 02/20] fscrypt: use FSCRYPT_ prefix for uapi constants Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 04/20] fscrypt: add ->ci_inode to fscrypt_info Eric Biggers
                   ` (17 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Update fs/crypto/ to use the new names for the UAPI constants rather
than the old names, then make the old definitions conditional on
!__KERNEL__.

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/crypto/crypto.c           |  2 +-
 fs/crypto/fname.c            |  2 +-
 fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h  | 16 +++++------
 fs/crypto/keyinfo.c          | 53 ++++++++++++++++++------------------
 fs/crypto/policy.c           | 14 +++++-----
 include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h |  2 ++
 6 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 43 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/crypto/crypto.c b/fs/crypto/crypto.c
index 3e4624cfe4b54d..7502c1f0ede9e9 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/crypto.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/crypto.c
@@ -141,7 +141,7 @@ void fscrypt_generate_iv(union fscrypt_iv *iv, u64 lblk_num,
 	memset(iv, 0, ci->ci_mode->ivsize);
 	iv->lblk_num = cpu_to_le64(lblk_num);
 
-	if (ci->ci_flags & FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY)
+	if (ci->ci_flags & FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY)
 		memcpy(iv->nonce, ci->ci_nonce, FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE);
 
 	if (ci->ci_essiv_tfm != NULL)
diff --git a/fs/crypto/fname.c b/fs/crypto/fname.c
index 5cab3bb2d1fc00..f4977d44d69b81 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/fname.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/fname.c
@@ -182,7 +182,7 @@ bool fscrypt_fname_encrypted_size(const struct inode *inode, u32 orig_len,
 				  u32 max_len, u32 *encrypted_len_ret)
 {
 	int padding = 4 << (inode->i_crypt_info->ci_flags &
-			    FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_MASK);
+			    FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_MASK);
 	u32 encrypted_len;
 
 	if (orig_len > max_len)
diff --git a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
index 4d715708c6e1f7..fae411b2f78dcb 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
+++ b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@ struct fscrypt_context {
 	u8 contents_encryption_mode;
 	u8 filenames_encryption_mode;
 	u8 flags;
-	u8 master_key_descriptor[FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+	u8 master_key_descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
 	u8 nonce[FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE];
 } __packed;
 
@@ -84,7 +84,7 @@ struct fscrypt_info {
 	u8 ci_data_mode;
 	u8 ci_filename_mode;
 	u8 ci_flags;
-	u8 ci_master_key_descriptor[FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+	u8 ci_master_key_descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
 	u8 ci_nonce[FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE];
 };
 
@@ -98,16 +98,16 @@ typedef enum {
 static inline bool fscrypt_valid_enc_modes(u32 contents_mode,
 					   u32 filenames_mode)
 {
-	if (contents_mode == FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_128_CBC &&
-	    filenames_mode == FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_128_CTS)
+	if (contents_mode == FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_128_CBC &&
+	    filenames_mode == FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_128_CTS)
 		return true;
 
-	if (contents_mode == FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS &&
-	    filenames_mode == FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CTS)
+	if (contents_mode == FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_XTS &&
+	    filenames_mode == FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_CTS)
 		return true;
 
-	if (contents_mode == FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_ADIANTUM &&
-	    filenames_mode == FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_ADIANTUM)
+	if (contents_mode == FSCRYPT_MODE_ADIANTUM &&
+	    filenames_mode == FSCRYPT_MODE_ADIANTUM)
 		return true;
 
 	return false;
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c b/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
index 2129943002335c..22345ddede1199 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
@@ -20,7 +20,7 @@
 
 static struct crypto_shash *essiv_hash_tfm;
 
-/* Table of keys referenced by FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY policies */
+/* Table of keys referenced by DIRECT_KEY policies */
 static DEFINE_HASHTABLE(fscrypt_master_keys, 6); /* 6 bits = 64 buckets */
 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(fscrypt_master_keys_lock);
 
@@ -77,7 +77,7 @@ static int derive_key_aes(const u8 *master_key,
  */
 static struct key *
 find_and_lock_process_key(const char *prefix,
-			  const u8 descriptor[FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE],
+			  const u8 descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE],
 			  unsigned int min_keysize,
 			  const struct fscrypt_key **payload_ret)
 {
@@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ find_and_lock_process_key(const char *prefix,
 	const struct fscrypt_key *payload;
 
 	description = kasprintf(GFP_NOFS, "%s%*phN", prefix,
-				FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE, descriptor);
+				FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE, descriptor);
 	if (!description)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 
@@ -105,7 +105,7 @@ find_and_lock_process_key(const char *prefix,
 	payload = (const struct fscrypt_key *)ukp->data;
 
 	if (ukp->datalen != sizeof(struct fscrypt_key) ||
-	    payload->size < 1 || payload->size > FS_MAX_KEY_SIZE) {
+	    payload->size < 1 || payload->size > FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE) {
 		fscrypt_warn(NULL,
 			     "key with description '%s' has invalid payload",
 			     key->description);
@@ -129,32 +129,32 @@ find_and_lock_process_key(const char *prefix,
 }
 
 static struct fscrypt_mode available_modes[] = {
-	[FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS] = {
+	[FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_XTS] = {
 		.friendly_name = "AES-256-XTS",
 		.cipher_str = "xts(aes)",
 		.keysize = 64,
 		.ivsize = 16,
 	},
-	[FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CTS] = {
+	[FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_CTS] = {
 		.friendly_name = "AES-256-CTS-CBC",
 		.cipher_str = "cts(cbc(aes))",
 		.keysize = 32,
 		.ivsize = 16,
 	},
-	[FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_128_CBC] = {
+	[FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_128_CBC] = {
 		.friendly_name = "AES-128-CBC",
 		.cipher_str = "cbc(aes)",
 		.keysize = 16,
 		.ivsize = 16,
 		.needs_essiv = true,
 	},
-	[FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_128_CTS] = {
+	[FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_128_CTS] = {
 		.friendly_name = "AES-128-CTS-CBC",
 		.cipher_str = "cts(cbc(aes))",
 		.keysize = 16,
 		.ivsize = 16,
 	},
-	[FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_ADIANTUM] = {
+	[FSCRYPT_MODE_ADIANTUM] = {
 		.friendly_name = "Adiantum",
 		.cipher_str = "adiantum(xchacha12,aes)",
 		.keysize = 32,
@@ -192,7 +192,7 @@ static int find_and_derive_key(const struct inode *inode,
 	const struct fscrypt_key *payload;
 	int err;
 
-	key = find_and_lock_process_key(FS_KEY_DESC_PREFIX,
+	key = find_and_lock_process_key(FSCRYPT_KEY_DESC_PREFIX,
 					ctx->master_key_descriptor,
 					mode->keysize, &payload);
 	if (key == ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY) && inode->i_sb->s_cop->key_prefix) {
@@ -203,7 +203,7 @@ static int find_and_derive_key(const struct inode *inode,
 	if (IS_ERR(key))
 		return PTR_ERR(key);
 
-	if (ctx->flags & FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY) {
+	if (ctx->flags & FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY) {
 		if (mode->ivsize < offsetofend(union fscrypt_iv, nonce)) {
 			fscrypt_warn(inode,
 				     "Direct key mode not allowed with %s",
@@ -272,14 +272,14 @@ allocate_skcipher_for_mode(struct fscrypt_mode *mode, const u8 *raw_key,
 	return ERR_PTR(err);
 }
 
-/* Master key referenced by FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY policy */
+/* Master key referenced by DIRECT_KEY policy */
 struct fscrypt_master_key {
 	struct hlist_node mk_node;
 	refcount_t mk_refcount;
 	const struct fscrypt_mode *mk_mode;
 	struct crypto_skcipher *mk_ctfm;
-	u8 mk_descriptor[FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
-	u8 mk_raw[FS_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
+	u8 mk_descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+	u8 mk_raw[FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
 };
 
 static void free_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
@@ -320,13 +320,13 @@ find_or_insert_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *to_insert,
 	 * raw key, and use crypto_memneq() when comparing raw keys.
 	 */
 
-	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(hash_key) > FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(hash_key) > FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
 	memcpy(&hash_key, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor, sizeof(hash_key));
 
 	spin_lock(&fscrypt_master_keys_lock);
 	hash_for_each_possible(fscrypt_master_keys, mk, mk_node, hash_key) {
 		if (memcmp(ci->ci_master_key_descriptor, mk->mk_descriptor,
-			   FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) != 0)
+			   FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) != 0)
 			continue;
 		if (mode != mk->mk_mode)
 			continue;
@@ -370,7 +370,7 @@ fscrypt_get_master_key(const struct fscrypt_info *ci, struct fscrypt_mode *mode,
 		goto err_free_mk;
 	}
 	memcpy(mk->mk_descriptor, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
-	       FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
+	       FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
 	memcpy(mk->mk_raw, raw_key, mode->keysize);
 
 	return find_or_insert_master_key(mk, raw_key, mode, ci);
@@ -448,8 +448,8 @@ static int init_essiv_generator(struct fscrypt_info *ci, const u8 *raw_key,
 
 /*
  * Given the encryption mode and key (normally the derived key, but for
- * FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY mode it's the master key), set up the inode's
- * symmetric cipher transform object(s).
+ * DIRECT_KEY mode it's the master key), set up the inode's symmetric cipher
+ * transform object(s).
  */
 static int setup_crypto_transform(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 				  struct fscrypt_mode *mode,
@@ -459,7 +459,7 @@ static int setup_crypto_transform(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 	struct crypto_skcipher *ctfm;
 	int err;
 
-	if (ci->ci_flags & FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY) {
+	if (ci->ci_flags & FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY) {
 		mk = fscrypt_get_master_key(ci, mode, raw_key, inode);
 		if (IS_ERR(mk))
 			return PTR_ERR(mk);
@@ -476,7 +476,7 @@ static int setup_crypto_transform(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 	if (mode->needs_essiv) {
 		/* ESSIV implies 16-byte IVs which implies !DIRECT_KEY */
 		WARN_ON(mode->ivsize != AES_BLOCK_SIZE);
-		WARN_ON(ci->ci_flags & FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY);
+		WARN_ON(ci->ci_flags & FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY);
 
 		err = init_essiv_generator(ci, raw_key, mode->keysize);
 		if (err) {
@@ -530,9 +530,10 @@ int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 		/* Fake up a context for an unencrypted directory */
 		memset(&ctx, 0, sizeof(ctx));
 		ctx.format = FS_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT_FORMAT_V1;
-		ctx.contents_encryption_mode = FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS;
-		ctx.filenames_encryption_mode = FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CTS;
-		memset(ctx.master_key_descriptor, 0x42, FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
+		ctx.contents_encryption_mode = FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_XTS;
+		ctx.filenames_encryption_mode = FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_CTS;
+		memset(ctx.master_key_descriptor, 0x42,
+		       FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
 	} else if (res != sizeof(ctx)) {
 		fscrypt_warn(inode,
 			     "Unknown encryption context size (%d bytes)", res);
@@ -545,7 +546,7 @@ int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
-	if (ctx.flags & ~FS_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID) {
+	if (ctx.flags & ~FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID) {
 		fscrypt_warn(inode, "Unknown encryption context flags (0x%02x)",
 			     ctx.flags);
 		return -EINVAL;
@@ -559,7 +560,7 @@ int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 	crypt_info->ci_data_mode = ctx.contents_encryption_mode;
 	crypt_info->ci_filename_mode = ctx.filenames_encryption_mode;
 	memcpy(crypt_info->ci_master_key_descriptor, ctx.master_key_descriptor,
-	       FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
+	       FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
 	memcpy(crypt_info->ci_nonce, ctx.nonce, FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE);
 
 	mode = select_encryption_mode(crypt_info, inode);
diff --git a/fs/crypto/policy.c b/fs/crypto/policy.c
index 4941fe8471ceff..da7ae9c8b4ad0b 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/policy.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/policy.c
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@ static bool is_encryption_context_consistent_with_policy(
 				const struct fscrypt_policy *policy)
 {
 	return memcmp(ctx->master_key_descriptor, policy->master_key_descriptor,
-		      FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) == 0 &&
+		      FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) == 0 &&
 		(ctx->flags == policy->flags) &&
 		(ctx->contents_encryption_mode ==
 		 policy->contents_encryption_mode) &&
@@ -37,13 +37,13 @@ static int create_encryption_context_from_policy(struct inode *inode,
 
 	ctx.format = FS_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT_FORMAT_V1;
 	memcpy(ctx.master_key_descriptor, policy->master_key_descriptor,
-					FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
+					FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
 
 	if (!fscrypt_valid_enc_modes(policy->contents_encryption_mode,
 				     policy->filenames_encryption_mode))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-	if (policy->flags & ~FS_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID)
+	if (policy->flags & ~FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 	ctx.contents_encryption_mode = policy->contents_encryption_mode;
@@ -128,7 +128,7 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy(struct file *filp, void __user *arg)
 	policy.filenames_encryption_mode = ctx.filenames_encryption_mode;
 	policy.flags = ctx.flags;
 	memcpy(policy.master_key_descriptor, ctx.master_key_descriptor,
-				FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
+				FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
 
 	if (copy_to_user(arg, &policy, sizeof(policy)))
 		return -EFAULT;
@@ -202,7 +202,7 @@ int fscrypt_has_permitted_context(struct inode *parent, struct inode *child)
 	if (parent_ci && child_ci) {
 		return memcmp(parent_ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
 			      child_ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
-			      FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) == 0 &&
+			      FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) == 0 &&
 			(parent_ci->ci_data_mode == child_ci->ci_data_mode) &&
 			(parent_ci->ci_filename_mode ==
 			 child_ci->ci_filename_mode) &&
@@ -219,7 +219,7 @@ int fscrypt_has_permitted_context(struct inode *parent, struct inode *child)
 
 	return memcmp(parent_ctx.master_key_descriptor,
 		      child_ctx.master_key_descriptor,
-		      FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) == 0 &&
+		      FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) == 0 &&
 		(parent_ctx.contents_encryption_mode ==
 		 child_ctx.contents_encryption_mode) &&
 		(parent_ctx.filenames_encryption_mode ==
@@ -257,7 +257,7 @@ int fscrypt_inherit_context(struct inode *parent, struct inode *child,
 	ctx.filenames_encryption_mode = ci->ci_filename_mode;
 	ctx.flags = ci->ci_flags;
 	memcpy(ctx.master_key_descriptor, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
-	       FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
+	       FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
 	get_random_bytes(ctx.nonce, FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE);
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(ctx) != FSCRYPT_SET_CONTEXT_MAX_SIZE);
 	res = parent->i_sb->s_cop->set_context(child, &ctx,
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
index 674b0452ef5759..29a945d165def3 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -55,6 +55,7 @@ struct fscrypt_key {
 /**********************************************************************/
 
 /* old names; don't add anything new here! */
+#ifndef __KERNEL__
 #define FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE		FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE
 #define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_4		FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_4
 #define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_8		FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_8
@@ -76,5 +77,6 @@ struct fscrypt_key {
 #define FS_KEY_DESC_PREFIX		FSCRYPT_KEY_DESC_PREFIX
 #define FS_KEY_DESC_PREFIX_SIZE		FSCRYPT_KEY_DESC_PREFIX_SIZE
 #define FS_MAX_KEY_SIZE			FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE
+#endif /* !__KERNEL__ */
 
 #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_FSCRYPT_H */
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


______________________________________________________
Linux MTD discussion mailing list
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-mtd/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 04/20] fscrypt: add ->ci_inode to fscrypt_info
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 03/20] fscrypt: use FSCRYPT_* definitions, not FS_* Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 05/20] fscrypt: rename fscrypt_master_key to fscrypt_direct_key Eric Biggers
                   ` (16 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Add an inode back-pointer to 'struct fscrypt_info', such that
inode->i_crypt_info->ci_inode == inode.

This will be useful for:

1. Evicting the inodes when a fscrypt key is removed, since we'll track
   the inodes using a given key by linking their fscrypt_infos together,
   rather than the inodes directly.  This avoids bloating 'struct inode'
   with a new list_head.

2. Simplifying the per-file key setup, since the inode pointer won't
   have to be passed around everywhere just in case something goes wrong
   and it's needed for fscrypt_warn().

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h | 3 +++
 fs/crypto/keyinfo.c         | 2 ++
 2 files changed, 5 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
index fae411b2f78dcb..d345a7d28df8c2 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
+++ b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
@@ -73,6 +73,9 @@ struct fscrypt_info {
 	 */
 	struct fscrypt_mode *ci_mode;
 
+	/* Back-pointer to the inode */
+	struct inode *ci_inode;
+
 	/*
 	 * If non-NULL, then this inode uses a master key directly rather than a
 	 * derived key, and ci_ctfm will equal ci_master_key->mk_ctfm.
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c b/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
index 22345ddede1199..2d45a86f09db25 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
@@ -556,6 +556,8 @@ int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 	if (!crypt_info)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
+	crypt_info->ci_inode = inode;
+
 	crypt_info->ci_flags = ctx.flags;
 	crypt_info->ci_data_mode = ctx.contents_encryption_mode;
 	crypt_info->ci_filename_mode = ctx.filenames_encryption_mode;
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


______________________________________________________
Linux MTD discussion mailing list
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-mtd/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 05/20] fscrypt: rename fscrypt_master_key to fscrypt_direct_key
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 04/20] fscrypt: add ->ci_inode to fscrypt_info Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-12 22:20   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 06/20] fscrypt: refactor key setup code in preparation for v2 policies Eric Biggers
                   ` (15 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 1 reply; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

In preparation for introducing a filesystem-level keyring which will
contain fscrypt master keys, rename the existing 'struct
fscrypt_master_key' to 'struct fscrypt_direct_key'.  This is the
structure in the existing table of master keys that's maintained to
deduplicate the crypto transforms for v1 DIRECT_KEY policies.

I've chosen to keep this table as-is rather than make it automagically
add/remove the keys to/from the filesystem-level keyring, since that
would add a lot of extra complexity to the filesystem-level keyring.

Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h |   7 +-
 fs/crypto/keyinfo.c         | 130 ++++++++++++++++++------------------
 2 files changed, 68 insertions(+), 69 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
index d345a7d28df8c2..80d15a1bf60685 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
+++ b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
@@ -77,11 +77,10 @@ struct fscrypt_info {
 	struct inode *ci_inode;
 
 	/*
-	 * If non-NULL, then this inode uses a master key directly rather than a
-	 * derived key, and ci_ctfm will equal ci_master_key->mk_ctfm.
-	 * Otherwise, this inode uses a derived key.
+	 * If non-NULL, then encryption is done using the master key directly
+	 * and ci_ctfm will equal ci_direct_key->dk_ctfm.
 	 */
-	struct fscrypt_master_key *ci_master_key;
+	struct fscrypt_direct_key *ci_direct_key;
 
 	/* fields from the fscrypt_context */
 	u8 ci_data_mode;
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c b/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
index 2d45a86f09db25..c4650071df2772 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
@@ -21,8 +21,8 @@
 static struct crypto_shash *essiv_hash_tfm;
 
 /* Table of keys referenced by DIRECT_KEY policies */
-static DEFINE_HASHTABLE(fscrypt_master_keys, 6); /* 6 bits = 64 buckets */
-static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(fscrypt_master_keys_lock);
+static DEFINE_HASHTABLE(fscrypt_direct_keys, 6); /* 6 bits = 64 buckets */
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
 
 /*
  * Key derivation function.  This generates the derived key by encrypting the
@@ -273,46 +273,46 @@ allocate_skcipher_for_mode(struct fscrypt_mode *mode, const u8 *raw_key,
 }
 
 /* Master key referenced by DIRECT_KEY policy */
-struct fscrypt_master_key {
-	struct hlist_node mk_node;
-	refcount_t mk_refcount;
-	const struct fscrypt_mode *mk_mode;
-	struct crypto_skcipher *mk_ctfm;
-	u8 mk_descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
-	u8 mk_raw[FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
+struct fscrypt_direct_key {
+	struct hlist_node		dk_node;
+	refcount_t			dk_refcount;
+	const struct fscrypt_mode	*dk_mode;
+	struct crypto_skcipher		*dk_ctfm;
+	u8				dk_descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+	u8				dk_raw[FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
 };
 
-static void free_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
+static void free_direct_key(struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk)
 {
-	if (mk) {
-		crypto_free_skcipher(mk->mk_ctfm);
-		kzfree(mk);
+	if (dk) {
+		crypto_free_skcipher(dk->dk_ctfm);
+		kzfree(dk);
 	}
 }
 
-static void put_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
+static void put_direct_key(struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk)
 {
-	if (!refcount_dec_and_lock(&mk->mk_refcount, &fscrypt_master_keys_lock))
+	if (!refcount_dec_and_lock(&dk->dk_refcount, &fscrypt_direct_keys_lock))
 		return;
-	hash_del(&mk->mk_node);
-	spin_unlock(&fscrypt_master_keys_lock);
+	hash_del(&dk->dk_node);
+	spin_unlock(&fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
 
-	free_master_key(mk);
+	free_direct_key(dk);
 }
 
 /*
- * Find/insert the given master key into the fscrypt_master_keys table.  If
- * found, it is returned with elevated refcount, and 'to_insert' is freed if
- * non-NULL.  If not found, 'to_insert' is inserted and returned if it's
- * non-NULL; otherwise NULL is returned.
+ * Find/insert the given key into the fscrypt_direct_keys table.  If found, it
+ * is returned with elevated refcount, and 'to_insert' is freed if non-NULL.  If
+ * not found, 'to_insert' is inserted and returned if it's non-NULL; otherwise
+ * NULL is returned.
  */
-static struct fscrypt_master_key *
-find_or_insert_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *to_insert,
+static struct fscrypt_direct_key *
+find_or_insert_direct_key(struct fscrypt_direct_key *to_insert,
 			  const u8 *raw_key, const struct fscrypt_mode *mode,
 			  const struct fscrypt_info *ci)
 {
 	unsigned long hash_key;
-	struct fscrypt_master_key *mk;
+	struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk;
 
 	/*
 	 * Careful: to avoid potentially leaking secret key bytes via timing
@@ -323,60 +323,60 @@ find_or_insert_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *to_insert,
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(hash_key) > FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
 	memcpy(&hash_key, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor, sizeof(hash_key));
 
-	spin_lock(&fscrypt_master_keys_lock);
-	hash_for_each_possible(fscrypt_master_keys, mk, mk_node, hash_key) {
-		if (memcmp(ci->ci_master_key_descriptor, mk->mk_descriptor,
+	spin_lock(&fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
+	hash_for_each_possible(fscrypt_direct_keys, dk, dk_node, hash_key) {
+		if (memcmp(ci->ci_master_key_descriptor, dk->dk_descriptor,
 			   FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) != 0)
 			continue;
-		if (mode != mk->mk_mode)
+		if (mode != dk->dk_mode)
 			continue;
-		if (crypto_memneq(raw_key, mk->mk_raw, mode->keysize))
+		if (crypto_memneq(raw_key, dk->dk_raw, mode->keysize))
 			continue;
 		/* using existing tfm with same (descriptor, mode, raw_key) */
-		refcount_inc(&mk->mk_refcount);
-		spin_unlock(&fscrypt_master_keys_lock);
-		free_master_key(to_insert);
-		return mk;
+		refcount_inc(&dk->dk_refcount);
+		spin_unlock(&fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
+		free_direct_key(to_insert);
+		return dk;
 	}
 	if (to_insert)
-		hash_add(fscrypt_master_keys, &to_insert->mk_node, hash_key);
-	spin_unlock(&fscrypt_master_keys_lock);
+		hash_add(fscrypt_direct_keys, &to_insert->dk_node, hash_key);
+	spin_unlock(&fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
 	return to_insert;
 }
 
 /* Prepare to encrypt directly using the master key in the given mode */
-static struct fscrypt_master_key *
-fscrypt_get_master_key(const struct fscrypt_info *ci, struct fscrypt_mode *mode,
+static struct fscrypt_direct_key *
+fscrypt_get_direct_key(const struct fscrypt_info *ci, struct fscrypt_mode *mode,
 		       const u8 *raw_key, const struct inode *inode)
 {
-	struct fscrypt_master_key *mk;
+	struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk;
 	int err;
 
 	/* Is there already a tfm for this key? */
-	mk = find_or_insert_master_key(NULL, raw_key, mode, ci);
-	if (mk)
-		return mk;
+	dk = find_or_insert_direct_key(NULL, raw_key, mode, ci);
+	if (dk)
+		return dk;
 
 	/* Nope, allocate one. */
-	mk = kzalloc(sizeof(*mk), GFP_NOFS);
-	if (!mk)
+	dk = kzalloc(sizeof(*dk), GFP_NOFS);
+	if (!dk)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
-	refcount_set(&mk->mk_refcount, 1);
-	mk->mk_mode = mode;
-	mk->mk_ctfm = allocate_skcipher_for_mode(mode, raw_key, inode);
-	if (IS_ERR(mk->mk_ctfm)) {
-		err = PTR_ERR(mk->mk_ctfm);
-		mk->mk_ctfm = NULL;
-		goto err_free_mk;
+	refcount_set(&dk->dk_refcount, 1);
+	dk->dk_mode = mode;
+	dk->dk_ctfm = allocate_skcipher_for_mode(mode, raw_key, inode);
+	if (IS_ERR(dk->dk_ctfm)) {
+		err = PTR_ERR(dk->dk_ctfm);
+		dk->dk_ctfm = NULL;
+		goto err_free_dk;
 	}
-	memcpy(mk->mk_descriptor, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
+	memcpy(dk->dk_descriptor, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
 	       FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
-	memcpy(mk->mk_raw, raw_key, mode->keysize);
+	memcpy(dk->dk_raw, raw_key, mode->keysize);
 
-	return find_or_insert_master_key(mk, raw_key, mode, ci);
+	return find_or_insert_direct_key(dk, raw_key, mode, ci);
 
-err_free_mk:
-	free_master_key(mk);
+err_free_dk:
+	free_direct_key(dk);
 	return ERR_PTR(err);
 }
 
@@ -455,22 +455,22 @@ static int setup_crypto_transform(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 				  struct fscrypt_mode *mode,
 				  const u8 *raw_key, const struct inode *inode)
 {
-	struct fscrypt_master_key *mk;
+	struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk;
 	struct crypto_skcipher *ctfm;
 	int err;
 
 	if (ci->ci_flags & FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY) {
-		mk = fscrypt_get_master_key(ci, mode, raw_key, inode);
-		if (IS_ERR(mk))
-			return PTR_ERR(mk);
-		ctfm = mk->mk_ctfm;
+		dk = fscrypt_get_direct_key(ci, mode, raw_key, inode);
+		if (IS_ERR(dk))
+			return PTR_ERR(dk);
+		ctfm = dk->dk_ctfm;
 	} else {
-		mk = NULL;
+		dk = NULL;
 		ctfm = allocate_skcipher_for_mode(mode, raw_key, inode);
 		if (IS_ERR(ctfm))
 			return PTR_ERR(ctfm);
 	}
-	ci->ci_master_key = mk;
+	ci->ci_direct_key = dk;
 	ci->ci_ctfm = ctfm;
 
 	if (mode->needs_essiv) {
@@ -494,8 +494,8 @@ static void put_crypt_info(struct fscrypt_info *ci)
 	if (!ci)
 		return;
 
-	if (ci->ci_master_key) {
-		put_master_key(ci->ci_master_key);
+	if (ci->ci_direct_key) {
+		put_direct_key(ci->ci_direct_key);
 	} else {
 		crypto_free_skcipher(ci->ci_ctfm);
 		crypto_free_cipher(ci->ci_essiv_tfm);
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


______________________________________________________
Linux MTD discussion mailing list
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-mtd/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 06/20] fscrypt: refactor key setup code in preparation for v2 policies
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 05/20] fscrypt: rename fscrypt_master_key to fscrypt_direct_key Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-12 22:38   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 07/20] fscrypt: move v1 policy key setup to keysetup_v1.c Eric Biggers
                   ` (14 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 1 reply; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Do some more refactoring of the key setup code, in preparation for
introducing a filesystem-level keyring and v2 encryption policies:

- Now that ci_inode exists, don't pass around the inode unnecessarily.

- Define a function setup_file_encryption_key() which handles the crypto
  key setup given an under-construction fscrypt_info.  Don't pass the
  fscrypt_context, since everything is in the fscrypt_info.
  [This will be extended for v2 policies and the fs-level keyring.]

- Define a function fscrypt_set_derived_key() which sets the per-file
  key, without depending on anything specific to v1 policies.
  [This will also be used for v2 policies.]

- Define a function fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key() which takes the raw
  master key, thus separating finding the key from using it.
  [This will also be used if the key is found in the fs-level keyring.]

Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h |  11 +-
 fs/crypto/keyinfo.c         | 247 ++++++++++++++++++++----------------
 2 files changed, 146 insertions(+), 112 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
index 80d15a1bf60685..56bac5c7ef408a 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
+++ b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
@@ -4,9 +4,8 @@
  *
  * Copyright (C) 2015, Google, Inc.
  *
- * This contains encryption key functions.
- *
- * Written by Michael Halcrow, Ildar Muslukhov, and Uday Savagaonkar, 2015.
+ * Originally written by Michael Halcrow, Ildar Muslukhov, and Uday Savagaonkar.
+ * Heavily modified since then.
  */
 
 #ifndef _FSCRYPT_PRIVATE_H
@@ -168,4 +167,10 @@ struct fscrypt_mode {
 	bool needs_essiv;
 };
 
+static inline bool
+fscrypt_mode_supports_direct_key(const struct fscrypt_mode *mode)
+{
+	return mode->ivsize >= offsetofend(union fscrypt_iv, nonce);
+}
+
 #endif /* _FSCRYPT_PRIVATE_H */
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c b/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
index c4650071df2772..c6bf44d6411189 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
@@ -1,12 +1,11 @@
 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
 /*
- * key management facility for FS encryption support.
+ * Key setup facility for FS encryption support.
  *
  * Copyright (C) 2015, Google, Inc.
  *
- * This contains encryption key functions.
- *
- * Written by Michael Halcrow, Ildar Muslukhov, and Uday Savagaonkar, 2015.
+ * Originally written by Michael Halcrow, Ildar Muslukhov, and Uday Savagaonkar.
+ * Heavily modified since then.
  */
 
 #include <keys/user-type.h>
@@ -25,14 +24,19 @@ static DEFINE_HASHTABLE(fscrypt_direct_keys, 6); /* 6 bits = 64 buckets */
 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
 
 /*
- * Key derivation function.  This generates the derived key by encrypting the
- * master key with AES-128-ECB using the inode's nonce as the AES key.
+ * v1 key derivation function.  This generates the derived key by encrypting the
+ * master key with AES-128-ECB using the nonce as the AES key.  This provides a
+ * unique derived key with sufficient entropy for each inode.  However, it's
+ * nonstandard, non-extensible, doesn't evenly distribute the entropy from the
+ * master key, and is trivially reversible: an attacker who compromises a
+ * derived key can "decrypt" it to get back to the master key, then derive any
+ * other key.  For all new code, use HKDF instead.
  *
  * The master key must be at least as long as the derived key.  If the master
  * key is longer, then only the first 'derived_keysize' bytes are used.
  */
 static int derive_key_aes(const u8 *master_key,
-			  const struct fscrypt_context *ctx,
+			  const u8 nonce[FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE],
 			  u8 *derived_key, unsigned int derived_keysize)
 {
 	int res = 0;
@@ -55,7 +59,7 @@ static int derive_key_aes(const u8 *master_key,
 	skcipher_request_set_callback(req,
 			CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG | CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP,
 			crypto_req_done, &wait);
-	res = crypto_skcipher_setkey(tfm, ctx->nonce, sizeof(ctx->nonce));
+	res = crypto_skcipher_setkey(tfm, nonce, FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE);
 	if (res < 0)
 		goto out;
 
@@ -183,54 +187,10 @@ select_encryption_mode(const struct fscrypt_info *ci, const struct inode *inode)
 	return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
 }
 
-/* Find the master key, then derive the inode's actual encryption key */
-static int find_and_derive_key(const struct inode *inode,
-			       const struct fscrypt_context *ctx,
-			       u8 *derived_key, const struct fscrypt_mode *mode)
-{
-	struct key *key;
-	const struct fscrypt_key *payload;
-	int err;
-
-	key = find_and_lock_process_key(FSCRYPT_KEY_DESC_PREFIX,
-					ctx->master_key_descriptor,
-					mode->keysize, &payload);
-	if (key == ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY) && inode->i_sb->s_cop->key_prefix) {
-		key = find_and_lock_process_key(inode->i_sb->s_cop->key_prefix,
-						ctx->master_key_descriptor,
-						mode->keysize, &payload);
-	}
-	if (IS_ERR(key))
-		return PTR_ERR(key);
-
-	if (ctx->flags & FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY) {
-		if (mode->ivsize < offsetofend(union fscrypt_iv, nonce)) {
-			fscrypt_warn(inode,
-				     "Direct key mode not allowed with %s",
-				     mode->friendly_name);
-			err = -EINVAL;
-		} else if (ctx->contents_encryption_mode !=
-			   ctx->filenames_encryption_mode) {
-			fscrypt_warn(inode,
-				     "Direct key mode not allowed with different contents and filenames modes");
-			err = -EINVAL;
-		} else {
-			memcpy(derived_key, payload->raw, mode->keysize);
-			err = 0;
-		}
-	} else {
-		err = derive_key_aes(payload->raw, ctx, derived_key,
-				     mode->keysize);
-	}
-	up_read(&key->sem);
-	key_put(key);
-	return err;
-}
-
-/* Allocate and key a symmetric cipher object for the given encryption mode */
+/* Create a symmetric cipher object for the given encryption mode and key */
 static struct crypto_skcipher *
-allocate_skcipher_for_mode(struct fscrypt_mode *mode, const u8 *raw_key,
-			   const struct inode *inode)
+fscrypt_allocate_skcipher(struct fscrypt_mode *mode, const u8 *raw_key,
+			  const struct inode *inode)
 {
 	struct crypto_skcipher *tfm;
 	int err;
@@ -308,8 +268,7 @@ static void put_direct_key(struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk)
  */
 static struct fscrypt_direct_key *
 find_or_insert_direct_key(struct fscrypt_direct_key *to_insert,
-			  const u8 *raw_key, const struct fscrypt_mode *mode,
-			  const struct fscrypt_info *ci)
+			  const u8 *raw_key, const struct fscrypt_info *ci)
 {
 	unsigned long hash_key;
 	struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk;
@@ -328,9 +287,9 @@ find_or_insert_direct_key(struct fscrypt_direct_key *to_insert,
 		if (memcmp(ci->ci_master_key_descriptor, dk->dk_descriptor,
 			   FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) != 0)
 			continue;
-		if (mode != dk->dk_mode)
+		if (ci->ci_mode != dk->dk_mode)
 			continue;
-		if (crypto_memneq(raw_key, dk->dk_raw, mode->keysize))
+		if (crypto_memneq(raw_key, dk->dk_raw, ci->ci_mode->keysize))
 			continue;
 		/* using existing tfm with same (descriptor, mode, raw_key) */
 		refcount_inc(&dk->dk_refcount);
@@ -346,14 +305,13 @@ find_or_insert_direct_key(struct fscrypt_direct_key *to_insert,
 
 /* Prepare to encrypt directly using the master key in the given mode */
 static struct fscrypt_direct_key *
-fscrypt_get_direct_key(const struct fscrypt_info *ci, struct fscrypt_mode *mode,
-		       const u8 *raw_key, const struct inode *inode)
+fscrypt_get_direct_key(const struct fscrypt_info *ci, const u8 *raw_key)
 {
 	struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk;
 	int err;
 
 	/* Is there already a tfm for this key? */
-	dk = find_or_insert_direct_key(NULL, raw_key, mode, ci);
+	dk = find_or_insert_direct_key(NULL, raw_key, ci);
 	if (dk)
 		return dk;
 
@@ -362,8 +320,9 @@ fscrypt_get_direct_key(const struct fscrypt_info *ci, struct fscrypt_mode *mode,
 	if (!dk)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 	refcount_set(&dk->dk_refcount, 1);
-	dk->dk_mode = mode;
-	dk->dk_ctfm = allocate_skcipher_for_mode(mode, raw_key, inode);
+	dk->dk_mode = ci->ci_mode;
+	dk->dk_ctfm = fscrypt_allocate_skcipher(ci->ci_mode, raw_key,
+						ci->ci_inode);
 	if (IS_ERR(dk->dk_ctfm)) {
 		err = PTR_ERR(dk->dk_ctfm);
 		dk->dk_ctfm = NULL;
@@ -371,9 +330,9 @@ fscrypt_get_direct_key(const struct fscrypt_info *ci, struct fscrypt_mode *mode,
 	}
 	memcpy(dk->dk_descriptor, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
 	       FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
-	memcpy(dk->dk_raw, raw_key, mode->keysize);
+	memcpy(dk->dk_raw, raw_key, ci->ci_mode->keysize);
 
-	return find_or_insert_direct_key(dk, raw_key, mode, ci);
+	return find_or_insert_direct_key(dk, raw_key, ci);
 
 err_free_dk:
 	free_direct_key(dk);
@@ -422,6 +381,9 @@ static int init_essiv_generator(struct fscrypt_info *ci, const u8 *raw_key,
 	struct crypto_cipher *essiv_tfm;
 	u8 salt[SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE];
 
+	if (WARN_ON(ci->ci_mode->ivsize != AES_BLOCK_SIZE))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
 	essiv_tfm = crypto_alloc_cipher("aes", 0, 0);
 	if (IS_ERR(essiv_tfm))
 		return PTR_ERR(essiv_tfm);
@@ -446,41 +408,24 @@ static int init_essiv_generator(struct fscrypt_info *ci, const u8 *raw_key,
 	return err;
 }
 
-/*
- * Given the encryption mode and key (normally the derived key, but for
- * DIRECT_KEY mode it's the master key), set up the inode's symmetric cipher
- * transform object(s).
- */
-static int setup_crypto_transform(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
-				  struct fscrypt_mode *mode,
-				  const u8 *raw_key, const struct inode *inode)
+/* Given the per-file key, set up the file's crypto transform object(s) */
+static int fscrypt_set_derived_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
+				   const u8 *derived_key)
 {
-	struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk;
+	struct fscrypt_mode *mode = ci->ci_mode;
 	struct crypto_skcipher *ctfm;
 	int err;
 
-	if (ci->ci_flags & FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY) {
-		dk = fscrypt_get_direct_key(ci, mode, raw_key, inode);
-		if (IS_ERR(dk))
-			return PTR_ERR(dk);
-		ctfm = dk->dk_ctfm;
-	} else {
-		dk = NULL;
-		ctfm = allocate_skcipher_for_mode(mode, raw_key, inode);
-		if (IS_ERR(ctfm))
-			return PTR_ERR(ctfm);
-	}
-	ci->ci_direct_key = dk;
+	ctfm = fscrypt_allocate_skcipher(mode, derived_key, ci->ci_inode);
+	if (IS_ERR(ctfm))
+		return PTR_ERR(ctfm);
+
 	ci->ci_ctfm = ctfm;
 
 	if (mode->needs_essiv) {
-		/* ESSIV implies 16-byte IVs which implies !DIRECT_KEY */
-		WARN_ON(mode->ivsize != AES_BLOCK_SIZE);
-		WARN_ON(ci->ci_flags & FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY);
-
-		err = init_essiv_generator(ci, raw_key, mode->keysize);
+		err = init_essiv_generator(ci, derived_key, mode->keysize);
 		if (err) {
-			fscrypt_warn(inode,
+			fscrypt_warn(ci->ci_inode,
 				     "Error initializing ESSIV generator: %d",
 				     err);
 			return err;
@@ -489,6 +434,105 @@ static int setup_crypto_transform(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+/* v1 policy, DIRECT_KEY: use the master key directly */
+static int setup_v1_file_key_direct(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
+				    const u8 *raw_master_key)
+{
+	const struct fscrypt_mode *mode = ci->ci_mode;
+	struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk;
+
+	if (!fscrypt_mode_supports_direct_key(mode)) {
+		fscrypt_warn(ci->ci_inode,
+			     "Direct key mode not allowed with %s",
+			     mode->friendly_name);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	if (ci->ci_data_mode != ci->ci_filename_mode) {
+		fscrypt_warn(ci->ci_inode,
+			     "Direct key mode not allowed with different contents and filenames modes");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	/* ESSIV implies 16-byte IVs which implies !DIRECT_KEY */
+	if (WARN_ON(mode->needs_essiv))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	dk = fscrypt_get_direct_key(ci, raw_master_key);
+	if (IS_ERR(dk))
+		return PTR_ERR(dk);
+	ci->ci_direct_key = dk;
+	ci->ci_ctfm = dk->dk_ctfm;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* v1 policy, !DIRECT_KEY: derive the file's encryption key */
+static int setup_v1_file_key_derived(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
+				     const u8 *raw_master_key)
+{
+	u8 *derived_key;
+	int err;
+
+	/*
+	 * This cannot be a stack buffer because it will be passed to the
+	 * scatterlist crypto API during derive_key_aes().
+	 */
+	derived_key = kmalloc(ci->ci_mode->keysize, GFP_NOFS);
+	if (!derived_key)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	err = derive_key_aes(raw_master_key, ci->ci_nonce,
+			     derived_key, ci->ci_mode->keysize);
+	if (err)
+		goto out;
+
+	err = fscrypt_set_derived_key(ci, derived_key);
+out:
+	kzfree(derived_key);
+	return err;
+}
+
+static int fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
+				     const u8 *raw_master_key)
+{
+	if (ci->ci_flags & FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY)
+		return setup_v1_file_key_direct(ci, raw_master_key);
+	else
+		return setup_v1_file_key_derived(ci, raw_master_key);
+}
+
+static int fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key_via_subscribed_keyrings(
+						struct fscrypt_info *ci)
+{
+	struct key *key;
+	const struct fscrypt_key *payload;
+	int err;
+
+	key = find_and_lock_process_key(FSCRYPT_KEY_DESC_PREFIX,
+					ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
+					ci->ci_mode->keysize, &payload);
+	if (key == ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY) && ci->ci_inode->i_sb->s_cop->key_prefix) {
+		key = find_and_lock_process_key(ci->ci_inode->i_sb->s_cop->key_prefix,
+						ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
+						ci->ci_mode->keysize, &payload);
+	}
+	if (IS_ERR(key))
+		return PTR_ERR(key);
+
+	err = fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key(ci, payload->raw);
+	up_read(&key->sem);
+	key_put(key);
+	return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Find the master key, then set up the inode's actual encryption key.
+ */
+static int setup_file_encryption_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci)
+{
+	return fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key_via_subscribed_keyrings(ci);
+}
+
 static void put_crypt_info(struct fscrypt_info *ci)
 {
 	if (!ci)
@@ -508,7 +552,6 @@ int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 	struct fscrypt_info *crypt_info;
 	struct fscrypt_context ctx;
 	struct fscrypt_mode *mode;
-	u8 *raw_key = NULL;
 	int res;
 
 	if (fscrypt_has_encryption_key(inode))
@@ -573,20 +616,7 @@ int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 	WARN_ON(mode->ivsize > FSCRYPT_MAX_IV_SIZE);
 	crypt_info->ci_mode = mode;
 
-	/*
-	 * This cannot be a stack buffer because it may be passed to the
-	 * scatterlist crypto API as part of key derivation.
-	 */
-	res = -ENOMEM;
-	raw_key = kmalloc(mode->keysize, GFP_NOFS);
-	if (!raw_key)
-		goto out;
-
-	res = find_and_derive_key(inode, &ctx, raw_key, mode);
-	if (res)
-		goto out;
-
-	res = setup_crypto_transform(crypt_info, mode, raw_key, inode);
+	res = setup_file_encryption_key(crypt_info);
 	if (res)
 		goto out;
 
@@ -596,7 +626,6 @@ int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 	if (res == -ENOKEY)
 		res = 0;
 	put_crypt_info(crypt_info);
-	kzfree(raw_key);
 	return res;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_get_encryption_info);
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


______________________________________________________
Linux MTD discussion mailing list
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-mtd/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 07/20] fscrypt: move v1 policy key setup to keysetup_v1.c
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 06/20] fscrypt: refactor key setup code in preparation for v2 policies Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-12 22:53   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 08/20] fscrypt: rename keyinfo.c to keysetup.c Eric Biggers
                   ` (13 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 1 reply; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

In preparation for introducing v2 encryption policies which will find
and derive encryption keys differently from the current v1 encryption
policies, move the v1 policy-specific key setup code from keyinfo.c into
keysetup_v1.c.

Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/crypto/Makefile          |   8 +-
 fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h |  17 ++
 fs/crypto/keyinfo.c         | 328 +---------------------------------
 fs/crypto/keysetup_v1.c     | 338 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 369 insertions(+), 322 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 fs/crypto/keysetup_v1.c

diff --git a/fs/crypto/Makefile b/fs/crypto/Makefile
index 4f0df5e682e49f..1fba255c34ca56 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/Makefile
+++ b/fs/crypto/Makefile
@@ -1,5 +1,11 @@
 # SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
 obj-$(CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION)	+= fscrypto.o
 
-fscrypto-y := crypto.o fname.o hooks.o keyinfo.o policy.o
+fscrypto-y := crypto.o \
+	      fname.o \
+	      hooks.o \
+	      keyinfo.o \
+	      keysetup_v1.o \
+	      policy.o
+
 fscrypto-$(CONFIG_BLOCK) += bio.o
diff --git a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
index 56bac5c7ef408a..387b44b255f6ab 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
+++ b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
@@ -173,4 +173,21 @@ fscrypt_mode_supports_direct_key(const struct fscrypt_mode *mode)
 	return mode->ivsize >= offsetofend(union fscrypt_iv, nonce);
 }
 
+extern struct crypto_skcipher *
+fscrypt_allocate_skcipher(struct fscrypt_mode *mode, const u8 *raw_key,
+			  const struct inode *inode);
+
+extern int fscrypt_set_derived_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
+				   const u8 *derived_key);
+
+/* keysetup_v1.c */
+
+extern void fscrypt_put_direct_key(struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk);
+
+extern int fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
+				     const u8 *raw_master_key);
+
+extern int fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key_via_subscribed_keyrings(
+					struct fscrypt_info *ci);
+
 #endif /* _FSCRYPT_PRIVATE_H */
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c b/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
index c6bf44d6411189..f4a47448e9efa1 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
@@ -8,130 +8,15 @@
  * Heavily modified since then.
  */
 
-#include <keys/user-type.h>
-#include <linux/hashtable.h>
-#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
 #include <crypto/aes.h>
-#include <crypto/algapi.h>
 #include <crypto/sha.h>
 #include <crypto/skcipher.h>
+#include <linux/key.h>
+
 #include "fscrypt_private.h"
 
 static struct crypto_shash *essiv_hash_tfm;
 
-/* Table of keys referenced by DIRECT_KEY policies */
-static DEFINE_HASHTABLE(fscrypt_direct_keys, 6); /* 6 bits = 64 buckets */
-static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
-
-/*
- * v1 key derivation function.  This generates the derived key by encrypting the
- * master key with AES-128-ECB using the nonce as the AES key.  This provides a
- * unique derived key with sufficient entropy for each inode.  However, it's
- * nonstandard, non-extensible, doesn't evenly distribute the entropy from the
- * master key, and is trivially reversible: an attacker who compromises a
- * derived key can "decrypt" it to get back to the master key, then derive any
- * other key.  For all new code, use HKDF instead.
- *
- * The master key must be at least as long as the derived key.  If the master
- * key is longer, then only the first 'derived_keysize' bytes are used.
- */
-static int derive_key_aes(const u8 *master_key,
-			  const u8 nonce[FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE],
-			  u8 *derived_key, unsigned int derived_keysize)
-{
-	int res = 0;
-	struct skcipher_request *req = NULL;
-	DECLARE_CRYPTO_WAIT(wait);
-	struct scatterlist src_sg, dst_sg;
-	struct crypto_skcipher *tfm = crypto_alloc_skcipher("ecb(aes)", 0, 0);
-
-	if (IS_ERR(tfm)) {
-		res = PTR_ERR(tfm);
-		tfm = NULL;
-		goto out;
-	}
-	crypto_skcipher_set_flags(tfm, CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_FORBID_WEAK_KEYS);
-	req = skcipher_request_alloc(tfm, GFP_NOFS);
-	if (!req) {
-		res = -ENOMEM;
-		goto out;
-	}
-	skcipher_request_set_callback(req,
-			CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG | CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP,
-			crypto_req_done, &wait);
-	res = crypto_skcipher_setkey(tfm, nonce, FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE);
-	if (res < 0)
-		goto out;
-
-	sg_init_one(&src_sg, master_key, derived_keysize);
-	sg_init_one(&dst_sg, derived_key, derived_keysize);
-	skcipher_request_set_crypt(req, &src_sg, &dst_sg, derived_keysize,
-				   NULL);
-	res = crypto_wait_req(crypto_skcipher_encrypt(req), &wait);
-out:
-	skcipher_request_free(req);
-	crypto_free_skcipher(tfm);
-	return res;
-}
-
-/*
- * Search the current task's subscribed keyrings for a "logon" key with
- * description prefix:descriptor, and if found acquire a read lock on it and
- * return a pointer to its validated payload in *payload_ret.
- */
-static struct key *
-find_and_lock_process_key(const char *prefix,
-			  const u8 descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE],
-			  unsigned int min_keysize,
-			  const struct fscrypt_key **payload_ret)
-{
-	char *description;
-	struct key *key;
-	const struct user_key_payload *ukp;
-	const struct fscrypt_key *payload;
-
-	description = kasprintf(GFP_NOFS, "%s%*phN", prefix,
-				FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE, descriptor);
-	if (!description)
-		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
-
-	key = request_key(&key_type_logon, description, NULL);
-	kfree(description);
-	if (IS_ERR(key))
-		return key;
-
-	down_read(&key->sem);
-	ukp = user_key_payload_locked(key);
-
-	if (!ukp) /* was the key revoked before we acquired its semaphore? */
-		goto invalid;
-
-	payload = (const struct fscrypt_key *)ukp->data;
-
-	if (ukp->datalen != sizeof(struct fscrypt_key) ||
-	    payload->size < 1 || payload->size > FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE) {
-		fscrypt_warn(NULL,
-			     "key with description '%s' has invalid payload",
-			     key->description);
-		goto invalid;
-	}
-
-	if (payload->size < min_keysize) {
-		fscrypt_warn(NULL,
-			     "key with description '%s' is too short (got %u bytes, need %u+ bytes)",
-			     key->description, payload->size, min_keysize);
-		goto invalid;
-	}
-
-	*payload_ret = payload;
-	return key;
-
-invalid:
-	up_read(&key->sem);
-	key_put(key);
-	return ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY);
-}
-
 static struct fscrypt_mode available_modes[] = {
 	[FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_XTS] = {
 		.friendly_name = "AES-256-XTS",
@@ -188,9 +73,9 @@ select_encryption_mode(const struct fscrypt_info *ci, const struct inode *inode)
 }
 
 /* Create a symmetric cipher object for the given encryption mode and key */
-static struct crypto_skcipher *
-fscrypt_allocate_skcipher(struct fscrypt_mode *mode, const u8 *raw_key,
-			  const struct inode *inode)
+struct crypto_skcipher *fscrypt_allocate_skcipher(struct fscrypt_mode *mode,
+						  const u8 *raw_key,
+						  const struct inode *inode)
 {
 	struct crypto_skcipher *tfm;
 	int err;
@@ -232,113 +117,6 @@ fscrypt_allocate_skcipher(struct fscrypt_mode *mode, const u8 *raw_key,
 	return ERR_PTR(err);
 }
 
-/* Master key referenced by DIRECT_KEY policy */
-struct fscrypt_direct_key {
-	struct hlist_node		dk_node;
-	refcount_t			dk_refcount;
-	const struct fscrypt_mode	*dk_mode;
-	struct crypto_skcipher		*dk_ctfm;
-	u8				dk_descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
-	u8				dk_raw[FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
-};
-
-static void free_direct_key(struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk)
-{
-	if (dk) {
-		crypto_free_skcipher(dk->dk_ctfm);
-		kzfree(dk);
-	}
-}
-
-static void put_direct_key(struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk)
-{
-	if (!refcount_dec_and_lock(&dk->dk_refcount, &fscrypt_direct_keys_lock))
-		return;
-	hash_del(&dk->dk_node);
-	spin_unlock(&fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
-
-	free_direct_key(dk);
-}
-
-/*
- * Find/insert the given key into the fscrypt_direct_keys table.  If found, it
- * is returned with elevated refcount, and 'to_insert' is freed if non-NULL.  If
- * not found, 'to_insert' is inserted and returned if it's non-NULL; otherwise
- * NULL is returned.
- */
-static struct fscrypt_direct_key *
-find_or_insert_direct_key(struct fscrypt_direct_key *to_insert,
-			  const u8 *raw_key, const struct fscrypt_info *ci)
-{
-	unsigned long hash_key;
-	struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk;
-
-	/*
-	 * Careful: to avoid potentially leaking secret key bytes via timing
-	 * information, we must key the hash table by descriptor rather than by
-	 * raw key, and use crypto_memneq() when comparing raw keys.
-	 */
-
-	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(hash_key) > FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
-	memcpy(&hash_key, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor, sizeof(hash_key));
-
-	spin_lock(&fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
-	hash_for_each_possible(fscrypt_direct_keys, dk, dk_node, hash_key) {
-		if (memcmp(ci->ci_master_key_descriptor, dk->dk_descriptor,
-			   FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) != 0)
-			continue;
-		if (ci->ci_mode != dk->dk_mode)
-			continue;
-		if (crypto_memneq(raw_key, dk->dk_raw, ci->ci_mode->keysize))
-			continue;
-		/* using existing tfm with same (descriptor, mode, raw_key) */
-		refcount_inc(&dk->dk_refcount);
-		spin_unlock(&fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
-		free_direct_key(to_insert);
-		return dk;
-	}
-	if (to_insert)
-		hash_add(fscrypt_direct_keys, &to_insert->dk_node, hash_key);
-	spin_unlock(&fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
-	return to_insert;
-}
-
-/* Prepare to encrypt directly using the master key in the given mode */
-static struct fscrypt_direct_key *
-fscrypt_get_direct_key(const struct fscrypt_info *ci, const u8 *raw_key)
-{
-	struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk;
-	int err;
-
-	/* Is there already a tfm for this key? */
-	dk = find_or_insert_direct_key(NULL, raw_key, ci);
-	if (dk)
-		return dk;
-
-	/* Nope, allocate one. */
-	dk = kzalloc(sizeof(*dk), GFP_NOFS);
-	if (!dk)
-		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
-	refcount_set(&dk->dk_refcount, 1);
-	dk->dk_mode = ci->ci_mode;
-	dk->dk_ctfm = fscrypt_allocate_skcipher(ci->ci_mode, raw_key,
-						ci->ci_inode);
-	if (IS_ERR(dk->dk_ctfm)) {
-		err = PTR_ERR(dk->dk_ctfm);
-		dk->dk_ctfm = NULL;
-		goto err_free_dk;
-	}
-	memcpy(dk->dk_descriptor, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
-	       FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
-	memcpy(dk->dk_raw, raw_key, ci->ci_mode->keysize);
-
-	return find_or_insert_direct_key(dk, raw_key, ci);
-
-err_free_dk:
-	free_direct_key(dk);
-	return ERR_PTR(err);
-}
-
 static int derive_essiv_salt(const u8 *key, int keysize, u8 *salt)
 {
 	struct crypto_shash *tfm = READ_ONCE(essiv_hash_tfm);
@@ -409,8 +187,7 @@ static int init_essiv_generator(struct fscrypt_info *ci, const u8 *raw_key,
 }
 
 /* Given the per-file key, set up the file's crypto transform object(s) */
-static int fscrypt_set_derived_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
-				   const u8 *derived_key)
+int fscrypt_set_derived_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci, const u8 *derived_key)
 {
 	struct fscrypt_mode *mode = ci->ci_mode;
 	struct crypto_skcipher *ctfm;
@@ -434,97 +211,6 @@ static int fscrypt_set_derived_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 	return 0;
 }
 
-/* v1 policy, DIRECT_KEY: use the master key directly */
-static int setup_v1_file_key_direct(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
-				    const u8 *raw_master_key)
-{
-	const struct fscrypt_mode *mode = ci->ci_mode;
-	struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk;
-
-	if (!fscrypt_mode_supports_direct_key(mode)) {
-		fscrypt_warn(ci->ci_inode,
-			     "Direct key mode not allowed with %s",
-			     mode->friendly_name);
-		return -EINVAL;
-	}
-
-	if (ci->ci_data_mode != ci->ci_filename_mode) {
-		fscrypt_warn(ci->ci_inode,
-			     "Direct key mode not allowed with different contents and filenames modes");
-		return -EINVAL;
-	}
-
-	/* ESSIV implies 16-byte IVs which implies !DIRECT_KEY */
-	if (WARN_ON(mode->needs_essiv))
-		return -EINVAL;
-
-	dk = fscrypt_get_direct_key(ci, raw_master_key);
-	if (IS_ERR(dk))
-		return PTR_ERR(dk);
-	ci->ci_direct_key = dk;
-	ci->ci_ctfm = dk->dk_ctfm;
-	return 0;
-}
-
-/* v1 policy, !DIRECT_KEY: derive the file's encryption key */
-static int setup_v1_file_key_derived(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
-				     const u8 *raw_master_key)
-{
-	u8 *derived_key;
-	int err;
-
-	/*
-	 * This cannot be a stack buffer because it will be passed to the
-	 * scatterlist crypto API during derive_key_aes().
-	 */
-	derived_key = kmalloc(ci->ci_mode->keysize, GFP_NOFS);
-	if (!derived_key)
-		return -ENOMEM;
-
-	err = derive_key_aes(raw_master_key, ci->ci_nonce,
-			     derived_key, ci->ci_mode->keysize);
-	if (err)
-		goto out;
-
-	err = fscrypt_set_derived_key(ci, derived_key);
-out:
-	kzfree(derived_key);
-	return err;
-}
-
-static int fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
-				     const u8 *raw_master_key)
-{
-	if (ci->ci_flags & FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY)
-		return setup_v1_file_key_direct(ci, raw_master_key);
-	else
-		return setup_v1_file_key_derived(ci, raw_master_key);
-}
-
-static int fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key_via_subscribed_keyrings(
-						struct fscrypt_info *ci)
-{
-	struct key *key;
-	const struct fscrypt_key *payload;
-	int err;
-
-	key = find_and_lock_process_key(FSCRYPT_KEY_DESC_PREFIX,
-					ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
-					ci->ci_mode->keysize, &payload);
-	if (key == ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY) && ci->ci_inode->i_sb->s_cop->key_prefix) {
-		key = find_and_lock_process_key(ci->ci_inode->i_sb->s_cop->key_prefix,
-						ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
-						ci->ci_mode->keysize, &payload);
-	}
-	if (IS_ERR(key))
-		return PTR_ERR(key);
-
-	err = fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key(ci, payload->raw);
-	up_read(&key->sem);
-	key_put(key);
-	return err;
-}
-
 /*
  * Find the master key, then set up the inode's actual encryption key.
  */
@@ -539,7 +225,7 @@ static void put_crypt_info(struct fscrypt_info *ci)
 		return;
 
 	if (ci->ci_direct_key) {
-		put_direct_key(ci->ci_direct_key);
+		fscrypt_put_direct_key(ci->ci_direct_key);
 	} else {
 		crypto_free_skcipher(ci->ci_ctfm);
 		crypto_free_cipher(ci->ci_essiv_tfm);
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keysetup_v1.c b/fs/crypto/keysetup_v1.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000000..631690bb6ed54c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fs/crypto/keysetup_v1.c
@@ -0,0 +1,338 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Key setup for v1 encryption policies
+ *
+ * Copyright 2015, 2019 Google LLC
+ */
+
+/*
+ * This file implements compatibility functions for the original encryption
+ * policy version ("v1"), including:
+ *
+ * - Deriving per-file keys using the AES-128-ECB based KDF
+ *   (rather than the new method of using HKDF-SHA512)
+ *
+ * - Retrieving fscrypt master keys from process-subscribed keyrings
+ *   (rather than the new method of using a filesystem-level keyring)
+ *
+ * - Handling policies with the DIRECT_KEY flag set using a master key table
+ *   (rather than the new method of implementing DIRECT_KEY with per-mode keys
+ *    managed alongside the master keys in the filesystem-level keyring)
+ */
+
+#include <crypto/algapi.h>
+#include <crypto/skcipher.h>
+#include <keys/user-type.h>
+#include <linux/hashtable.h>
+#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
+
+#include "fscrypt_private.h"
+
+/* Table of keys referenced by DIRECT_KEY policies */
+static DEFINE_HASHTABLE(fscrypt_direct_keys, 6); /* 6 bits = 64 buckets */
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
+
+/*
+ * v1 key derivation function.  This generates the derived key by encrypting the
+ * master key with AES-128-ECB using the nonce as the AES key.  This provides a
+ * unique derived key with sufficient entropy for each inode.  However, it's
+ * nonstandard, non-extensible, doesn't evenly distribute the entropy from the
+ * master key, and is trivially reversible: an attacker who compromises a
+ * derived key can "decrypt" it to get back to the master key, then derive any
+ * other key.  For all new code, use HKDF instead.
+ *
+ * The master key must be at least as long as the derived key.  If the master
+ * key is longer, then only the first 'derived_keysize' bytes are used.
+ */
+static int derive_key_aes(const u8 *master_key,
+			  const u8 nonce[FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE],
+			  u8 *derived_key, unsigned int derived_keysize)
+{
+	int res = 0;
+	struct skcipher_request *req = NULL;
+	DECLARE_CRYPTO_WAIT(wait);
+	struct scatterlist src_sg, dst_sg;
+	struct crypto_skcipher *tfm = crypto_alloc_skcipher("ecb(aes)", 0, 0);
+
+	if (IS_ERR(tfm)) {
+		res = PTR_ERR(tfm);
+		tfm = NULL;
+		goto out;
+	}
+	crypto_skcipher_set_flags(tfm, CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_FORBID_WEAK_KEYS);
+	req = skcipher_request_alloc(tfm, GFP_NOFS);
+	if (!req) {
+		res = -ENOMEM;
+		goto out;
+	}
+	skcipher_request_set_callback(req,
+			CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG | CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP,
+			crypto_req_done, &wait);
+	res = crypto_skcipher_setkey(tfm, nonce, FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE);
+	if (res < 0)
+		goto out;
+
+	sg_init_one(&src_sg, master_key, derived_keysize);
+	sg_init_one(&dst_sg, derived_key, derived_keysize);
+	skcipher_request_set_crypt(req, &src_sg, &dst_sg, derived_keysize,
+				   NULL);
+	res = crypto_wait_req(crypto_skcipher_encrypt(req), &wait);
+out:
+	skcipher_request_free(req);
+	crypto_free_skcipher(tfm);
+	return res;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Search the current task's subscribed keyrings for a "logon" key with
+ * description prefix:descriptor, and if found acquire a read lock on it and
+ * return a pointer to its validated payload in *payload_ret.
+ */
+static struct key *
+find_and_lock_process_key(const char *prefix,
+			  const u8 descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE],
+			  unsigned int min_keysize,
+			  const struct fscrypt_key **payload_ret)
+{
+	char *description;
+	struct key *key;
+	const struct user_key_payload *ukp;
+	const struct fscrypt_key *payload;
+
+	description = kasprintf(GFP_NOFS, "%s%*phN", prefix,
+				FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE, descriptor);
+	if (!description)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	key = request_key(&key_type_logon, description, NULL);
+	kfree(description);
+	if (IS_ERR(key))
+		return key;
+
+	down_read(&key->sem);
+	ukp = user_key_payload_locked(key);
+
+	if (!ukp) /* was the key revoked before we acquired its semaphore? */
+		goto invalid;
+
+	payload = (const struct fscrypt_key *)ukp->data;
+
+	if (ukp->datalen != sizeof(struct fscrypt_key) ||
+	    payload->size < 1 || payload->size > FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE) {
+		fscrypt_warn(NULL,
+			     "key with description '%s' has invalid payload",
+			     key->description);
+		goto invalid;
+	}
+
+	if (payload->size < min_keysize) {
+		fscrypt_warn(NULL,
+			     "key with description '%s' is too short (got %u bytes, need %u+ bytes)",
+			     key->description, payload->size, min_keysize);
+		goto invalid;
+	}
+
+	*payload_ret = payload;
+	return key;
+
+invalid:
+	up_read(&key->sem);
+	key_put(key);
+	return ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY);
+}
+
+/* Master key referenced by DIRECT_KEY policy */
+struct fscrypt_direct_key {
+	struct hlist_node		dk_node;
+	refcount_t			dk_refcount;
+	const struct fscrypt_mode	*dk_mode;
+	struct crypto_skcipher		*dk_ctfm;
+	u8				dk_descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+	u8				dk_raw[FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
+};
+
+static void free_direct_key(struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk)
+{
+	if (dk) {
+		crypto_free_skcipher(dk->dk_ctfm);
+		kzfree(dk);
+	}
+}
+
+void fscrypt_put_direct_key(struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk)
+{
+	if (!refcount_dec_and_lock(&dk->dk_refcount, &fscrypt_direct_keys_lock))
+		return;
+	hash_del(&dk->dk_node);
+	spin_unlock(&fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
+
+	free_direct_key(dk);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Find/insert the given key into the fscrypt_direct_keys table.  If found, it
+ * is returned with elevated refcount, and 'to_insert' is freed if non-NULL.  If
+ * not found, 'to_insert' is inserted and returned if it's non-NULL; otherwise
+ * NULL is returned.
+ */
+static struct fscrypt_direct_key *
+find_or_insert_direct_key(struct fscrypt_direct_key *to_insert,
+			  const u8 *raw_key, const struct fscrypt_info *ci)
+{
+	unsigned long hash_key;
+	struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk;
+
+	/*
+	 * Careful: to avoid potentially leaking secret key bytes via timing
+	 * information, we must key the hash table by descriptor rather than by
+	 * raw key, and use crypto_memneq() when comparing raw keys.
+	 */
+
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(hash_key) > FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
+	memcpy(&hash_key, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor, sizeof(hash_key));
+
+	spin_lock(&fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
+	hash_for_each_possible(fscrypt_direct_keys, dk, dk_node, hash_key) {
+		if (memcmp(ci->ci_master_key_descriptor, dk->dk_descriptor,
+			   FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) != 0)
+			continue;
+		if (ci->ci_mode != dk->dk_mode)
+			continue;
+		if (crypto_memneq(raw_key, dk->dk_raw, ci->ci_mode->keysize))
+			continue;
+		/* using existing tfm with same (descriptor, mode, raw_key) */
+		refcount_inc(&dk->dk_refcount);
+		spin_unlock(&fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
+		free_direct_key(to_insert);
+		return dk;
+	}
+	if (to_insert)
+		hash_add(fscrypt_direct_keys, &to_insert->dk_node, hash_key);
+	spin_unlock(&fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
+	return to_insert;
+}
+
+/* Prepare to encrypt directly using the master key in the given mode */
+static struct fscrypt_direct_key *
+fscrypt_get_direct_key(const struct fscrypt_info *ci, const u8 *raw_key)
+{
+	struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk;
+	int err;
+
+	/* Is there already a tfm for this key? */
+	dk = find_or_insert_direct_key(NULL, raw_key, ci);
+	if (dk)
+		return dk;
+
+	/* Nope, allocate one. */
+	dk = kzalloc(sizeof(*dk), GFP_NOFS);
+	if (!dk)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	refcount_set(&dk->dk_refcount, 1);
+	dk->dk_mode = ci->ci_mode;
+	dk->dk_ctfm = fscrypt_allocate_skcipher(ci->ci_mode, raw_key,
+						ci->ci_inode);
+	if (IS_ERR(dk->dk_ctfm)) {
+		err = PTR_ERR(dk->dk_ctfm);
+		dk->dk_ctfm = NULL;
+		goto err_free_dk;
+	}
+	memcpy(dk->dk_descriptor, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
+	       FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
+	memcpy(dk->dk_raw, raw_key, ci->ci_mode->keysize);
+
+	return find_or_insert_direct_key(dk, raw_key, ci);
+
+err_free_dk:
+	free_direct_key(dk);
+	return ERR_PTR(err);
+}
+
+/* v1 policy, DIRECT_KEY: use the master key directly */
+static int setup_v1_file_key_direct(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
+				    const u8 *raw_master_key)
+{
+	const struct fscrypt_mode *mode = ci->ci_mode;
+	struct fscrypt_direct_key *dk;
+
+	if (!fscrypt_mode_supports_direct_key(mode)) {
+		fscrypt_warn(ci->ci_inode,
+			     "Direct key mode not allowed with %s",
+			     mode->friendly_name);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	if (ci->ci_data_mode != ci->ci_filename_mode) {
+		fscrypt_warn(ci->ci_inode,
+			     "Direct key mode not allowed with different contents and filenames modes");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	/* ESSIV implies 16-byte IVs which implies !DIRECT_KEY */
+	if (WARN_ON(mode->needs_essiv))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	dk = fscrypt_get_direct_key(ci, raw_master_key);
+	if (IS_ERR(dk))
+		return PTR_ERR(dk);
+	ci->ci_direct_key = dk;
+	ci->ci_ctfm = dk->dk_ctfm;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* v1 policy, !DIRECT_KEY: derive the file's encryption key */
+static int setup_v1_file_key_derived(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
+				     const u8 *raw_master_key)
+{
+	u8 *derived_key;
+	int err;
+
+	/*
+	 * This cannot be a stack buffer because it will be passed to the
+	 * scatterlist crypto API during derive_key_aes().
+	 */
+	derived_key = kmalloc(ci->ci_mode->keysize, GFP_NOFS);
+	if (!derived_key)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	err = derive_key_aes(raw_master_key, ci->ci_nonce,
+			     derived_key, ci->ci_mode->keysize);
+	if (err)
+		goto out;
+
+	err = fscrypt_set_derived_key(ci, derived_key);
+out:
+	kzfree(derived_key);
+	return err;
+}
+
+int fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci, const u8 *raw_master_key)
+{
+	if (ci->ci_flags & FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY)
+		return setup_v1_file_key_direct(ci, raw_master_key);
+	else
+		return setup_v1_file_key_derived(ci, raw_master_key);
+}
+
+int fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key_via_subscribed_keyrings(struct fscrypt_info *ci)
+{
+	struct key *key;
+	const struct fscrypt_key *payload;
+	int err;
+
+	key = find_and_lock_process_key(FSCRYPT_KEY_DESC_PREFIX,
+					ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
+					ci->ci_mode->keysize, &payload);
+	if (key == ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY) && ci->ci_inode->i_sb->s_cop->key_prefix) {
+		key = find_and_lock_process_key(ci->ci_inode->i_sb->s_cop->key_prefix,
+						ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
+						ci->ci_mode->keysize, &payload);
+	}
+	if (IS_ERR(key))
+		return PTR_ERR(key);
+
+	err = fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key(ci, payload->raw);
+	up_read(&key->sem);
+	key_put(key);
+	return err;
+}
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 08/20] fscrypt: rename keyinfo.c to keysetup.c
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 07/20] fscrypt: move v1 policy key setup to keysetup_v1.c Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-12 22:53   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 09/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl Eric Biggers
                   ` (12 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 1 reply; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Rename keyinfo.c to keysetup.c since this better describes what the file
does (sets up the key), and it matches the new file keysetup_v1.c.

Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/crypto/Makefile                  | 2 +-
 fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h         | 2 +-
 fs/crypto/{keyinfo.c => keysetup.c} | 0
 include/linux/fscrypt.h             | 4 ++--
 4 files changed, 4 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
 rename fs/crypto/{keyinfo.c => keysetup.c} (100%)

diff --git a/fs/crypto/Makefile b/fs/crypto/Makefile
index 1fba255c34ca56..ad14d4c29784a6 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/Makefile
+++ b/fs/crypto/Makefile
@@ -4,7 +4,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION)	+= fscrypto.o
 fscrypto-y := crypto.o \
 	      fname.o \
 	      hooks.o \
-	      keyinfo.o \
+	      keysetup.o \
 	      keysetup_v1.o \
 	      policy.o
 
diff --git a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
index 387b44b255f6ab..794dcba25ca826 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
+++ b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
@@ -156,7 +156,7 @@ extern bool fscrypt_fname_encrypted_size(const struct inode *inode,
 					 u32 orig_len, u32 max_len,
 					 u32 *encrypted_len_ret);
 
-/* keyinfo.c */
+/* keysetup.c */
 
 struct fscrypt_mode {
 	const char *friendly_name;
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c b/fs/crypto/keysetup.c
similarity index 100%
rename from fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
rename to fs/crypto/keysetup.c
diff --git a/include/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/linux/fscrypt.h
index 81c0c754f8b21b..583802cb2e35d0 100644
--- a/include/linux/fscrypt.h
+++ b/include/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -138,7 +138,7 @@ extern int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy(struct file *, void __user *);
 extern int fscrypt_has_permitted_context(struct inode *, struct inode *);
 extern int fscrypt_inherit_context(struct inode *, struct inode *,
 					void *, bool);
-/* keyinfo.c */
+/* keysetup.c */
 extern int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *);
 extern void fscrypt_put_encryption_info(struct inode *);
 extern void fscrypt_free_inode(struct inode *);
@@ -367,7 +367,7 @@ static inline int fscrypt_inherit_context(struct inode *parent,
 	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
 }
 
-/* keyinfo.c */
+/* keysetup.c */
 static inline int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 {
 	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


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* [PATCH v8 09/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (7 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 08/20] fscrypt: rename keyinfo.c to keysetup.c Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 10/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl Eric Biggers
                   ` (11 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Add a new fscrypt ioctl, FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY.  This ioctl adds an
encryption key to the filesystem's fscrypt keyring ->s_master_keys,
making any files encrypted with that key appear "unlocked".

Why we need this
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The main problem is that the "locked/unlocked" (ciphertext/plaintext)
status of encrypted files is global, but the fscrypt keys are not.
fscrypt only looks for keys in the keyring(s) the process accessing the
filesystem is subscribed to: the thread keyring, process keyring, and
session keyring, where the session keyring may contain the user keyring.

Therefore, userspace has to put fscrypt keys in the keyrings for
individual users or sessions.  But this means that when a process with a
different keyring tries to access encrypted files, whether they appear
"unlocked" or not is nondeterministic.  This is because it depends on
whether the files are currently present in the inode cache.

Fixing this by consistently providing each process its own view of the
filesystem depending on whether it has the key or not isn't feasible due
to how the VFS caches work.  Furthermore, while sometimes users expect
this behavior, it is misguided for two reasons.  First, it would be an
OS-level access control mechanism largely redundant with existing access
control mechanisms such as UNIX file permissions, ACLs, LSMs, etc.
Encryption is actually for protecting the data at rest.

Second, almost all users of fscrypt actually do need the keys to be
global.  The largest users of fscrypt, Android and Chromium OS, achieve
this by having PID 1 create a "session keyring" that is inherited by
every process.  This works, but it isn't scalable because it prevents
session keyrings from being used for any other purpose.

On general-purpose Linux distros, the 'fscrypt' userspace tool [1] can't
similarly abuse the session keyring, so to make 'sudo' work on all
systems it has to link all the user keyrings into root's user keyring
[2].  This is ugly and raises security concerns.  Moreover it can't make
the keys available to system services, such as sshd trying to access the
user's '~/.ssh' directory (see [3], [4]) or NetworkManager trying to
read certificates from the user's home directory (see [5]); or to Docker
containers (see [6], [7]).

By having an API to add a key to the *filesystem* we'll be able to fix
the above bugs, remove userspace workarounds, and clearly express the
intended semantics: the locked/unlocked status of an encrypted directory
is global, and encryption is orthogonal to OS-level access control.

Why not use the add_key() syscall
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

We use an ioctl for this API rather than the existing add_key() system
call because the ioctl gives us the flexibility needed to implement
fscrypt-specific semantics that will be introduced in later patches:

- Supporting key removal with the semantics such that the secret is
  removed immediately and any unused inodes using the key are evicted;
  also, the eviction of any in-use inodes can be retried.

- Calculating a key-dependent cryptographic identifier and returning it
  to userspace.

- Allowing keys to be added and removed by non-root users, but only keys
  for v2 encryption policies; and to prevent denial-of-service attacks,
  users can only remove keys they themselves have added, and a key is
  only really removed after all users who added it have removed it.

Trying to shoehorn these semantics into the keyrings syscalls would be
very difficult, whereas the ioctls make things much easier.

However, to reuse code the implementation still uses the keyrings
service internally.  Thus we get lockless RCU-mode key lookups without
having to re-implement it, and the keys automatically show up in
/proc/keys for debugging purposes.

References:

    [1] https://github.com/google/fscrypt
    [2] https://goo.gl/55cCrI#heading=h.vf09isp98isb
    [3] https://github.com/google/fscrypt/issues/111#issuecomment-444347939
    [4] https://github.com/google/fscrypt/issues/116
    [5] https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/fscrypt/+bug/1770715
    [6] https://github.com/google/fscrypt/issues/128
    [7] https://askubuntu.com/questions/1130306/cannot-run-docker-on-an-encrypted-filesystem

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/crypto/Makefile           |   1 +
 fs/crypto/crypto.c           |  10 +-
 fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h  |  62 +++++++-
 fs/crypto/keyring.c          | 286 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/crypto/keysetup.c         |  35 ++++-
 fs/super.c                   |   2 +
 include/linux/fs.h           |   1 +
 include/linux/fscrypt.h      |  14 ++
 include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h |  49 ++++--
 9 files changed, 447 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 fs/crypto/keyring.c

diff --git a/fs/crypto/Makefile b/fs/crypto/Makefile
index ad14d4c29784a6..6b2485b4139335 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/Makefile
+++ b/fs/crypto/Makefile
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION)	+= fscrypto.o
 fscrypto-y := crypto.o \
 	      fname.o \
 	      hooks.o \
+	      keyring.o \
 	      keysetup.o \
 	      keysetup_v1.o \
 	      policy.o
diff --git a/fs/crypto/crypto.c b/fs/crypto/crypto.c
index 7502c1f0ede9e9..65ca077e8d585f 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/crypto.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/crypto.c
@@ -478,6 +478,8 @@ void fscrypt_msg(const struct inode *inode, const char *level,
  */
 static int __init fscrypt_init(void)
 {
+	int err = -ENOMEM;
+
 	/*
 	 * Use an unbound workqueue to allow bios to be decrypted in parallel
 	 * even when they happen to complete on the same CPU.  This sacrifices
@@ -500,13 +502,19 @@ static int __init fscrypt_init(void)
 	if (!fscrypt_info_cachep)
 		goto fail_free_ctx;
 
+	err = fscrypt_init_keyring();
+	if (err)
+		goto fail_free_info;
+
 	return 0;
 
+fail_free_info:
+	kmem_cache_destroy(fscrypt_info_cachep);
 fail_free_ctx:
 	kmem_cache_destroy(fscrypt_ctx_cachep);
 fail_free_queue:
 	destroy_workqueue(fscrypt_read_workqueue);
 fail:
-	return -ENOMEM;
+	return err;
 }
 late_initcall(fscrypt_init)
diff --git a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
index 794dcba25ca826..0d9ebfd3bf3a54 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
+++ b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
@@ -14,9 +14,12 @@
 #include <linux/fscrypt.h>
 #include <crypto/hash.h>
 
-/* Encryption parameters */
+#define CONST_STRLEN(str)	(sizeof(str) - 1)
+
 #define FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE	16
 
+#define FSCRYPT_MIN_KEY_SIZE		16
+
 /**
  * Encryption context for inode
  *
@@ -156,6 +159,63 @@ extern bool fscrypt_fname_encrypted_size(const struct inode *inode,
 					 u32 orig_len, u32 max_len,
 					 u32 *encrypted_len_ret);
 
+/* keyring.c */
+
+/*
+ * fscrypt_master_key_secret - secret key material of an in-use master key
+ */
+struct fscrypt_master_key_secret {
+
+	/* Size of the raw key in bytes */
+	u32			size;
+
+	/* The raw key */
+	u8			raw[FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
+
+} __randomize_layout;
+
+/*
+ * fscrypt_master_key - an in-use master key
+ *
+ * This represents a master encryption key which has been added to the
+ * filesystem and can be used to "unlock" the encrypted files which were
+ * encrypted with it.
+ */
+struct fscrypt_master_key {
+
+	/* The secret key material */
+	struct fscrypt_master_key_secret	mk_secret;
+
+	/* Arbitrary key descriptor which was assigned by userspace */
+	struct fscrypt_key_specifier		mk_spec;
+
+} __randomize_layout;
+
+static inline const char *master_key_spec_type(
+				const struct fscrypt_key_specifier *spec)
+{
+	switch (spec->type) {
+	case FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR:
+		return "descriptor";
+	}
+	return "[unknown]";
+}
+
+static inline int master_key_spec_len(const struct fscrypt_key_specifier *spec)
+{
+	switch (spec->type) {
+	case FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR:
+		return FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+extern struct key *
+fscrypt_find_master_key(struct super_block *sb,
+			const struct fscrypt_key_specifier *mk_spec);
+
+extern int __init fscrypt_init_keyring(void);
+
 /* keysetup.c */
 
 struct fscrypt_mode {
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keyring.c b/fs/crypto/keyring.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000000..bcd7d2836e1e4c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fs/crypto/keyring.c
@@ -0,0 +1,286 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Filesystem-level keyring for fscrypt
+ *
+ * Copyright 2019 Google LLC
+ */
+
+/*
+ * This file implements management of fscrypt master keys in the
+ * filesystem-level keyring, including the ioctls:
+ *
+ * - FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY
+ *
+ * See the "User API" section of Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst for more
+ * information about these ioctls.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/key-type.h>
+#include <linux/seq_file.h>
+
+#include "fscrypt_private.h"
+
+static void wipe_master_key_secret(struct fscrypt_master_key_secret *secret)
+{
+	memzero_explicit(secret, sizeof(*secret));
+}
+
+static void move_master_key_secret(struct fscrypt_master_key_secret *dst,
+				   struct fscrypt_master_key_secret *src)
+{
+	memcpy(dst, src, sizeof(*dst));
+	memzero_explicit(src, sizeof(*src));
+}
+
+static void free_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
+{
+	wipe_master_key_secret(&mk->mk_secret);
+	kzfree(mk);
+}
+
+static inline bool valid_key_spec(const struct fscrypt_key_specifier *spec)
+{
+	if (spec->__reserved)
+		return false;
+	return master_key_spec_len(spec) != 0;
+}
+
+static int fscrypt_key_instantiate(struct key *key,
+				   struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
+{
+	key->payload.data[0] = (struct fscrypt_master_key *)prep->data;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void fscrypt_key_destroy(struct key *key)
+{
+	free_master_key(key->payload.data[0]);
+}
+
+static void fscrypt_key_describe(const struct key *key, struct seq_file *m)
+{
+	seq_puts(m, key->description);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Type of key in ->s_master_keys.  Each key of this type represents a master
+ * key which has been added to the filesystem.  Its payload is a
+ * 'struct fscrypt_master_key'.  The "." prefix in the key type name prevents
+ * users from adding keys of this type via the keyrings syscalls rather than via
+ * the intended method of FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY.
+ */
+static struct key_type key_type_fscrypt = {
+	.name			= "._fscrypt",
+	.instantiate		= fscrypt_key_instantiate,
+	.destroy		= fscrypt_key_destroy,
+	.describe		= fscrypt_key_describe,
+};
+
+/* Search ->s_master_keys */
+static struct key *search_fscrypt_keyring(struct key *keyring,
+					  struct key_type *type,
+					  const char *description)
+{
+	/*
+	 * We need to mark the keyring reference as "possessed" so that we
+	 * acquire permission to search it, via the KEY_POS_SEARCH permission.
+	 */
+	key_ref_t keyref = make_key_ref(keyring, true /* possessed */);
+
+	keyref = keyring_search(keyref, type, description, false);
+	if (IS_ERR(keyref)) {
+		if (PTR_ERR(keyref) == -EAGAIN || /* not found */
+		    PTR_ERR(keyref) == -EKEYREVOKED) /* recently invalidated */
+			keyref = ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY);
+		return ERR_CAST(keyref);
+	}
+	return key_ref_to_ptr(keyref);
+}
+
+#define FSCRYPT_FS_KEYRING_DESCRIPTION_SIZE	\
+	(CONST_STRLEN("fscrypt-") + FIELD_SIZEOF(struct super_block, s_id))
+
+#define FSCRYPT_MK_DESCRIPTION_SIZE	(2 * FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE + 1)
+
+static void format_fs_keyring_description(
+			char description[FSCRYPT_FS_KEYRING_DESCRIPTION_SIZE],
+			const struct super_block *sb)
+{
+	sprintf(description, "fscrypt-%s", sb->s_id);
+}
+
+static void format_mk_description(
+			char description[FSCRYPT_MK_DESCRIPTION_SIZE],
+			const struct fscrypt_key_specifier *mk_spec)
+{
+	sprintf(description, "%*phN",
+		master_key_spec_len(mk_spec), (u8 *)&mk_spec->u);
+}
+
+/* Create ->s_master_keys if needed.  Synchronized by fscrypt_add_key_mutex. */
+static int allocate_filesystem_keyring(struct super_block *sb)
+{
+	char description[FSCRYPT_FS_KEYRING_DESCRIPTION_SIZE];
+	struct key *keyring;
+
+	if (sb->s_master_keys)
+		return 0;
+
+	format_fs_keyring_description(description, sb);
+	keyring = keyring_alloc(description, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID,
+				current_cred(), KEY_POS_SEARCH |
+				  KEY_USR_SEARCH | KEY_USR_READ | KEY_USR_VIEW,
+				KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA, NULL, NULL);
+	if (IS_ERR(keyring))
+		return PTR_ERR(keyring);
+
+	/* Pairs with READ_ONCE() in fscrypt_find_master_key() */
+	smp_store_release(&sb->s_master_keys, keyring);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+void fscrypt_sb_free(struct super_block *sb)
+{
+	key_put(sb->s_master_keys);
+	sb->s_master_keys = NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Find the specified master key in ->s_master_keys.
+ * Returns ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY) if not found.
+ */
+struct key *fscrypt_find_master_key(struct super_block *sb,
+				    const struct fscrypt_key_specifier *mk_spec)
+{
+	struct key *keyring;
+	char description[FSCRYPT_MK_DESCRIPTION_SIZE];
+
+	/* pairs with smp_store_release() in allocate_filesystem_keyring() */
+	keyring = READ_ONCE(sb->s_master_keys);
+	if (keyring == NULL)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY); /* No keyring yet, so no keys yet. */
+
+	format_mk_description(description, mk_spec);
+	return search_fscrypt_keyring(keyring, &key_type_fscrypt, description);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Allocate a new fscrypt_master_key which contains the given secret, set it as
+ * the payload of a new 'struct key' of type fscrypt, and link the 'struct key'
+ * into the given keyring.  Synchronized by fscrypt_add_key_mutex.
+ */
+static int add_new_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key_secret *secret,
+			      const struct fscrypt_key_specifier *mk_spec,
+			      struct key *keyring)
+{
+	struct fscrypt_master_key *mk;
+	char description[FSCRYPT_MK_DESCRIPTION_SIZE];
+	struct key *key;
+	int err;
+
+	mk = kzalloc(sizeof(*mk), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!mk)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	mk->mk_spec = *mk_spec;
+
+	move_master_key_secret(&mk->mk_secret, secret);
+
+	format_mk_description(description, mk_spec);
+	key = key_alloc(&key_type_fscrypt, description,
+			GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, current_cred(),
+			KEY_POS_SEARCH | KEY_USR_SEARCH | KEY_USR_VIEW,
+			KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA, NULL);
+	if (IS_ERR(key)) {
+		err = PTR_ERR(key);
+		goto out_free_mk;
+	}
+	err = key_instantiate_and_link(key, mk, sizeof(*mk), keyring, NULL);
+	key_put(key);
+	if (err)
+		goto out_free_mk;
+
+	return 0;
+
+out_free_mk:
+	free_master_key(mk);
+	return err;
+}
+
+static int add_master_key(struct super_block *sb,
+			  struct fscrypt_master_key_secret *secret,
+			  const struct fscrypt_key_specifier *mk_spec)
+{
+	static DEFINE_MUTEX(fscrypt_add_key_mutex);
+	struct key *key;
+	int err;
+
+	mutex_lock(&fscrypt_add_key_mutex); /* serialize find + link */
+	key = fscrypt_find_master_key(sb, mk_spec);
+	if (IS_ERR(key)) {
+		err = PTR_ERR(key);
+		if (err != -ENOKEY)
+			goto out_unlock;
+		/* Didn't find the key in ->s_master_keys.  Add it. */
+		err = allocate_filesystem_keyring(sb);
+		if (err)
+			goto out_unlock;
+		err = add_new_master_key(secret, mk_spec, sb->s_master_keys);
+	} else {
+		key_put(key);
+		err = 0;
+	}
+out_unlock:
+	mutex_unlock(&fscrypt_add_key_mutex);
+	return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Add a master encryption key to the filesystem, causing all files which were
+ * encrypted with it to appear "unlocked" (decrypted) when accessed.
+ *
+ * For more details, see the "FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY" section of
+ * Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst.
+ */
+int fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
+{
+	struct super_block *sb = file_inode(filp)->i_sb;
+	struct fscrypt_add_key_arg __user *uarg = _uarg;
+	struct fscrypt_add_key_arg arg;
+	struct fscrypt_master_key_secret secret;
+	int err;
+
+	if (copy_from_user(&arg, uarg, sizeof(arg)))
+		return -EFAULT;
+
+	if (!valid_key_spec(&arg.key_spec))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (arg.raw_size < FSCRYPT_MIN_KEY_SIZE ||
+	    arg.raw_size > FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (memchr_inv(arg.__reserved, 0, sizeof(arg.__reserved)))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	memset(&secret, 0, sizeof(secret));
+	secret.size = arg.raw_size;
+	err = -EFAULT;
+	if (copy_from_user(secret.raw, uarg->raw, secret.size))
+		goto out_wipe_secret;
+
+	err = -EACCES;
+	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+		goto out_wipe_secret;
+
+	err = add_master_key(sb, &secret, &arg.key_spec);
+out_wipe_secret:
+	wipe_master_key_secret(&secret);
+	return err;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fscrypt_ioctl_add_key);
+
+int __init fscrypt_init_keyring(void)
+{
+	return register_key_type(&key_type_fscrypt);
+}
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keysetup.c b/fs/crypto/keysetup.c
index f4a47448e9efa1..1c6d18bcdc7b64 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keysetup.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keysetup.c
@@ -216,7 +216,40 @@ int fscrypt_set_derived_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci, const u8 *derived_key)
  */
 static int setup_file_encryption_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci)
 {
-	return fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key_via_subscribed_keyrings(ci);
+	struct key *key;
+	struct fscrypt_master_key *mk = NULL;
+	struct fscrypt_key_specifier mk_spec;
+	int err;
+
+	mk_spec.type = FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR;
+	memcpy(mk_spec.u.descriptor, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
+	       FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
+
+	key = fscrypt_find_master_key(ci->ci_inode->i_sb, &mk_spec);
+	if (IS_ERR(key)) {
+		if (key != ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY))
+			return PTR_ERR(key);
+
+		return fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key_via_subscribed_keyrings(ci);
+	}
+
+	mk = key->payload.data[0];
+
+	if (mk->mk_secret.size < ci->ci_mode->keysize) {
+		fscrypt_warn(NULL,
+			     "key with %s %*phN is too short (got %u bytes, need %u+ bytes)",
+			     master_key_spec_type(&mk_spec),
+			     master_key_spec_len(&mk_spec), (u8 *)&mk_spec.u,
+			     mk->mk_secret.size, ci->ci_mode->keysize);
+		err = -ENOKEY;
+		goto out_release_key;
+	}
+
+	err = fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key(ci, mk->mk_secret.raw);
+
+out_release_key:
+	key_put(key);
+	return err;
 }
 
 static void put_crypt_info(struct fscrypt_info *ci)
diff --git a/fs/super.c b/fs/super.c
index 5960578a40760a..e486a442a61fb2 100644
--- a/fs/super.c
+++ b/fs/super.c
@@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
 #include <linux/backing-dev.h>
 #include <linux/rculist_bl.h>
 #include <linux/cleancache.h>
+#include <linux/fscrypt.h>
 #include <linux/fsnotify.h>
 #include <linux/lockdep.h>
 #include <linux/user_namespace.h>
@@ -290,6 +291,7 @@ static void __put_super(struct super_block *s)
 		WARN_ON(s->s_inode_lru.node);
 		WARN_ON(!list_empty(&s->s_mounts));
 		security_sb_free(s);
+		fscrypt_sb_free(s);
 		put_user_ns(s->s_user_ns);
 		kfree(s->s_subtype);
 		call_rcu(&s->rcu, destroy_super_rcu);
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 997a530ff4e9d0..5dff77326cec60 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -1427,6 +1427,7 @@ struct super_block {
 	const struct xattr_handler **s_xattr;
 #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION
 	const struct fscrypt_operations	*s_cop;
+	struct key		*s_master_keys; /* master crypto keys in use */
 #endif
 	struct hlist_bl_head	s_roots;	/* alternate root dentries for NFS */
 	struct list_head	s_mounts;	/* list of mounts; _not_ for fs use */
diff --git a/include/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/linux/fscrypt.h
index 583802cb2e35d0..46bf66cf76ef88 100644
--- a/include/linux/fscrypt.h
+++ b/include/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -138,6 +138,10 @@ extern int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy(struct file *, void __user *);
 extern int fscrypt_has_permitted_context(struct inode *, struct inode *);
 extern int fscrypt_inherit_context(struct inode *, struct inode *,
 					void *, bool);
+/* keyring.c */
+extern void fscrypt_sb_free(struct super_block *sb);
+extern int fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg);
+
 /* keysetup.c */
 extern int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *);
 extern void fscrypt_put_encryption_info(struct inode *);
@@ -367,6 +371,16 @@ static inline int fscrypt_inherit_context(struct inode *parent,
 	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
 }
 
+/* keyring.c */
+static inline void fscrypt_sb_free(struct super_block *sb)
+{
+}
+
+static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg)
+{
+	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+}
+
 /* keysetup.c */
 static inline int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 {
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
index 29a945d165def3..6aeca3cb0a2dec 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -36,22 +36,51 @@ struct fscrypt_policy {
 	__u8 master_key_descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
 };
 
-#define FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY	_IOR('f', 19, struct fscrypt_policy)
-#define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_PWSALT	_IOW('f', 20, __u8[16])
-#define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY	_IOW('f', 21, struct fscrypt_policy)
-
-/* Parameters for passing an encryption key into the kernel keyring */
+/*
+ * Process-subscribed "logon" key description prefix and payload format.
+ * Deprecated; prefer FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY instead.
+ */
 #define FSCRYPT_KEY_DESC_PREFIX		"fscrypt:"
-#define FSCRYPT_KEY_DESC_PREFIX_SIZE		8
-
-/* Structure that userspace passes to the kernel keyring */
-#define FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE			64
-
+#define FSCRYPT_KEY_DESC_PREFIX_SIZE	8
+#define FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE		64
 struct fscrypt_key {
 	__u32 mode;
 	__u8 raw[FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
 	__u32 size;
 };
+
+/*
+ * Keys are specified by an arbitrary 8-byte key "descriptor",
+ * matching fscrypt_policy::master_key_descriptor.
+ */
+#define FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR	1
+
+/*
+ * Specifies a key.  This doesn't contain the actual key itself; this is just
+ * the "name" of the key.
+ */
+struct fscrypt_key_specifier {
+	__u32 type;	/* one of FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_* */
+	__u32 __reserved;
+	union {
+		__u8 __reserved[32]; /* reserve some extra space */
+		__u8 descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+	} u;
+};
+
+/* Struct passed to FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY */
+struct fscrypt_add_key_arg {
+	struct fscrypt_key_specifier key_spec;
+	__u32 raw_size;
+	__u32 __reserved[9];
+	__u8 raw[];
+};
+
+#define FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY		_IOR('f', 19, struct fscrypt_policy)
+#define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_PWSALT		_IOW('f', 20, __u8[16])
+#define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY		_IOW('f', 21, struct fscrypt_policy)
+#define FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY		_IOWR('f', 23, struct fscrypt_add_key_arg)
+
 /**********************************************************************/
 
 /* old names; don't add anything new here! */
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


______________________________________________________
Linux MTD discussion mailing list
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-mtd/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 10/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (8 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 09/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-13  0:06   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 11/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS ioctl Eric Biggers
                   ` (10 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 1 reply; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Add a new fscrypt ioctl, FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY.  This ioctl
removes an encryption key that was added by FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY.
It wipes the secret key itself, then "locks" the encrypted files and
directories that had been unlocked using that key -- implemented by
evicting the relevant dentries and inodes from the VFS caches.

The problem this solves is that many fscrypt users want the ability to
remove encryption keys, causing the corresponding encrypted directories
to appear "locked" (presented in ciphertext form) again.  Moreover,
users want removing an encryption key to *really* remove it, in the
sense that the removed keys cannot be recovered even if kernel memory is
compromised, e.g. by the exploit of a kernel security vulnerability or
by a physical attack.  This is desirable after a user logs out of the
system, for example.  In many cases users even already assume this to be
the case and are surprised to hear when it's not.

It is not sufficient to simply unlink the master key from the keyring
(or to revoke or invalidate it), since the actual encryption transform
objects are still pinned in memory by their inodes.  Therefore, to
really remove a key we must also evict the relevant inodes.

Currently one workaround is to run 'sync && echo 2 >
/proc/sys/vm/drop_caches'.  But, that evicts all unused inodes in the
system rather than just the inodes associated with the key being
removed, causing severe performance problems.  Moreover, it requires
root privileges, so regular users can't "lock" their encrypted files.

Another workaround, used in Chromium OS kernels, is to add a new
VFS-level ioctl FS_IOC_DROP_CACHE which is a more restricted version of
drop_caches that operates on a single super_block.  It does:

        shrink_dcache_sb(sb);
        invalidate_inodes(sb, false);

But it's still a hack.  Yet, the major users of filesystem encryption
want this feature badly enough that they are actually using these hacks.

To properly solve the problem, start maintaining a list of the inodes
which have been "unlocked" using each master key.  Originally this
wasn't possible because the kernel didn't keep track of in-use master
keys at all.  But, with the ->s_master_keys keyring it is now possible.

Then, add an ioctl FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY.  It finds the specified
master key in ->s_master_keys, then wipes the secret key itself, which
prevents any additional inodes from being unlocked with the key.  Then,
it syncs the filesystem and evicts the inodes in the key's list.  The
normal inode eviction code will free and wipe the per-file keys (in
->i_crypt_info).  Note that freeing ->i_crypt_info without evicting the
inodes was also considered, but would have been racy.

Some inodes may still be in use when a master key is removed, and we
can't simply revoke random file descriptors, mmap's, etc.  Thus, the
ioctl simply skips in-use inodes, and returns -EBUSY to indicate that
some inodes weren't evicted.  The master key *secret* is still removed,
but the fscrypt_master_key struct remains to keep track of the remaining
inodes.  Userspace can then retry the ioctl to evict the remaining
inodes.  Alternatively, if userspace adds the key again, the refreshed
secret will be associated with the existing list of inodes so they
remain correctly tracked for future key removals.

The ioctl doesn't wipe pagecache pages.  Thus, we tolerate that after a
kernel compromise some portions of plaintext file contents may still be
recoverable from memory.  This can be solved by enabling page poisoning
system-wide, which security conscious users may choose to do.  But it's
very difficult to solve otherwise, e.g. note that plaintext file
contents may have been read in other places than pagecache pages.

Like FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY, FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY is
initially restricted to privileged users only.  This is sufficient for
some use cases, but not all.  A later patch will relax this restriction,
but it will require introducing key hashes, among other changes.

Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h  |  53 +++++++-
 fs/crypto/keyring.c          | 253 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 fs/crypto/keysetup.c         | 103 +++++++++++++-
 include/linux/fscrypt.h      |  12 ++
 include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h |   9 ++
 5 files changed, 425 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
index 0d9ebfd3bf3a54..fc804f4a03fc92 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
+++ b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
@@ -78,6 +78,19 @@ struct fscrypt_info {
 	/* Back-pointer to the inode */
 	struct inode *ci_inode;
 
+	/*
+	 * The master key with which this inode was unlocked (decrypted).  This
+	 * will be NULL if the master key was found in a process-subscribed
+	 * keyring rather than in the filesystem-level keyring.
+	 */
+	struct key *ci_master_key;
+
+	/*
+	 * Link in list of inodes that were unlocked with the master key.
+	 * Only used when ->ci_master_key is set.
+	 */
+	struct list_head ci_master_key_link;
+
 	/*
 	 * If non-NULL, then encryption is done using the master key directly
 	 * and ci_ctfm will equal ci_direct_key->dk_ctfm.
@@ -183,14 +196,52 @@ struct fscrypt_master_key_secret {
  */
 struct fscrypt_master_key {
 
-	/* The secret key material */
+	/*
+	 * The secret key material.  After FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY is
+	 * executed, this is wiped and no new inodes can be unlocked with this
+	 * key; however, there may still be inodes in ->mk_decrypted_inodes
+	 * which could not be evicted.  As long as some inodes still remain,
+	 * FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY can be retried, or
+	 * FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY can add the secret again.
+	 *
+	 * Locking: protected by key->sem.
+	 */
 	struct fscrypt_master_key_secret	mk_secret;
 
 	/* Arbitrary key descriptor which was assigned by userspace */
 	struct fscrypt_key_specifier		mk_spec;
 
+	/*
+	 * Length of ->mk_decrypted_inodes, plus one if mk_secret is present.
+	 * Once this goes to 0, the master key is removed from ->s_master_keys.
+	 * The 'struct fscrypt_master_key' will continue to live as long as the
+	 * 'struct key' whose payload it is, but we won't let this reference
+	 * count rise again.
+	 */
+	refcount_t		mk_refcount;
+
+	/*
+	 * List of inodes that were unlocked using this key.  This allows the
+	 * inodes to be evicted efficiently if the key is removed.
+	 */
+	struct list_head	mk_decrypted_inodes;
+	spinlock_t		mk_decrypted_inodes_lock;
+
 } __randomize_layout;
 
+static inline bool
+is_master_key_secret_present(const struct fscrypt_master_key_secret *secret)
+{
+	/*
+	 * The READ_ONCE() is only necessary for fscrypt_drop_inode() and
+	 * fscrypt_key_describe().  These run in atomic context, so they can't
+	 * take key->sem and thus 'secret' can change concurrently which would
+	 * be a data race.  But they only need to know whether the secret *was*
+	 * present at the time of check, so READ_ONCE() suffices.
+	 */
+	return READ_ONCE(secret->size) != 0;
+}
+
 static inline const char *master_key_spec_type(
 				const struct fscrypt_key_specifier *spec)
 {
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keyring.c b/fs/crypto/keyring.c
index bcd7d2836e1e4c..9901593051424b 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keyring.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keyring.c
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
  * filesystem-level keyring, including the ioctls:
  *
  * - FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY
+ * - FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY
  *
  * See the "User API" section of Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst for more
  * information about these ioctls.
@@ -60,6 +61,13 @@ static void fscrypt_key_destroy(struct key *key)
 static void fscrypt_key_describe(const struct key *key, struct seq_file *m)
 {
 	seq_puts(m, key->description);
+
+	if (key_is_positive(key)) {
+		const struct fscrypt_master_key *mk = key->payload.data[0];
+
+		if (!is_master_key_secret_present(&mk->mk_secret))
+			seq_puts(m, ": secret removed");
+	}
 }
 
 /*
@@ -186,6 +194,10 @@ static int add_new_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key_secret *secret,
 
 	move_master_key_secret(&mk->mk_secret, secret);
 
+	refcount_set(&mk->mk_refcount, 1); /* secret is present */
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mk->mk_decrypted_inodes);
+	spin_lock_init(&mk->mk_decrypted_inodes_lock);
+
 	format_mk_description(description, mk_spec);
 	key = key_alloc(&key_type_fscrypt, description,
 			GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, current_cred(),
@@ -207,6 +219,21 @@ static int add_new_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key_secret *secret,
 	return err;
 }
 
+#define KEY_DEAD	1
+
+static int add_existing_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk,
+				   struct fscrypt_master_key_secret *secret)
+{
+	if (is_master_key_secret_present(&mk->mk_secret))
+		return 0;
+
+	if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&mk->mk_refcount))
+		return KEY_DEAD;
+
+	move_master_key_secret(&mk->mk_secret, secret);
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static int add_master_key(struct super_block *sb,
 			  struct fscrypt_master_key_secret *secret,
 			  const struct fscrypt_key_specifier *mk_spec)
@@ -216,6 +243,7 @@ static int add_master_key(struct super_block *sb,
 	int err;
 
 	mutex_lock(&fscrypt_add_key_mutex); /* serialize find + link */
+retry:
 	key = fscrypt_find_master_key(sb, mk_spec);
 	if (IS_ERR(key)) {
 		err = PTR_ERR(key);
@@ -227,8 +255,20 @@ static int add_master_key(struct super_block *sb,
 			goto out_unlock;
 		err = add_new_master_key(secret, mk_spec, sb->s_master_keys);
 	} else {
+		/*
+		 * Found the key in ->s_master_keys.  Re-add the secret if
+		 * needed.
+		 */
+		down_write(&key->sem);
+		err = add_existing_master_key(key->payload.data[0], secret);
+		up_write(&key->sem);
+		if (err == KEY_DEAD) {
+			/* Key being removed or needs to be removed */
+			key_invalidate(key);
+			key_put(key);
+			goto retry;
+		}
 		key_put(key);
-		err = 0;
 	}
 out_unlock:
 	mutex_unlock(&fscrypt_add_key_mutex);
@@ -280,6 +320,217 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fscrypt_ioctl_add_key);
 
+/*
+ * Try to evict the inode's dentries from the dentry cache.  If the inode is a
+ * directory, then it can have at most one dentry; however, that dentry may be
+ * pinned by child dentries, so first try to evict the children too.
+ */
+static void shrink_dcache_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+	struct dentry *dentry;
+
+	if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) {
+		dentry = d_find_any_alias(inode);
+		if (dentry) {
+			shrink_dcache_parent(dentry);
+			dput(dentry);
+		}
+	}
+	d_prune_aliases(inode);
+}
+
+static void evict_dentries_for_decrypted_inodes(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
+{
+	struct fscrypt_info *ci;
+	struct inode *inode;
+	struct inode *toput_inode = NULL;
+
+	spin_lock(&mk->mk_decrypted_inodes_lock);
+
+	list_for_each_entry(ci, &mk->mk_decrypted_inodes, ci_master_key_link) {
+		inode = ci->ci_inode;
+		spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
+		if (inode->i_state & (I_FREEING | I_WILL_FREE | I_NEW)) {
+			spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+			continue;
+		}
+		__iget(inode);
+		spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+		spin_unlock(&mk->mk_decrypted_inodes_lock);
+
+		shrink_dcache_inode(inode);
+		iput(toput_inode);
+		toput_inode = inode;
+
+		spin_lock(&mk->mk_decrypted_inodes_lock);
+	}
+
+	spin_unlock(&mk->mk_decrypted_inodes_lock);
+	iput(toput_inode);
+}
+
+static int check_for_busy_inodes(struct super_block *sb,
+				 struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
+{
+	struct list_head *pos;
+	size_t busy_count = 0;
+	unsigned long ino;
+	struct dentry *dentry;
+	char _path[256];
+	char *path = NULL;
+
+	spin_lock(&mk->mk_decrypted_inodes_lock);
+
+	list_for_each(pos, &mk->mk_decrypted_inodes)
+		busy_count++;
+
+	if (busy_count == 0) {
+		spin_unlock(&mk->mk_decrypted_inodes_lock);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	{
+		/* select an example file to show for debugging purposes */
+		struct inode *inode =
+			list_first_entry(&mk->mk_decrypted_inodes,
+					 struct fscrypt_info,
+					 ci_master_key_link)->ci_inode;
+		ino = inode->i_ino;
+		dentry = d_find_alias(inode);
+	}
+	spin_unlock(&mk->mk_decrypted_inodes_lock);
+
+	if (dentry) {
+		path = dentry_path(dentry, _path, sizeof(_path));
+		dput(dentry);
+	}
+	if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(path))
+		path = "(unknown)";
+
+	fscrypt_warn(NULL,
+		     "%s: %zu inode(s) still busy after removing key with %s %*phN, including ino %lu (%s)",
+		     sb->s_id, busy_count, master_key_spec_type(&mk->mk_spec),
+		     master_key_spec_len(&mk->mk_spec), (u8 *)&mk->mk_spec.u,
+		     ino, path);
+	return -EBUSY;
+}
+
+static int try_to_lock_encrypted_files(struct super_block *sb,
+				       struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
+{
+	int err1;
+	int err2;
+
+	/*
+	 * An inode can't be evicted while it is dirty or has dirty pages.
+	 * Thus, we first have to clean the inodes in ->mk_decrypted_inodes.
+	 *
+	 * Just do it the easy way: call sync_filesystem().  It's overkill, but
+	 * it works, and it's more important to minimize the amount of caches we
+	 * drop than the amount of data we sync.  Also, unprivileged users can
+	 * already call sync_filesystem() via sys_syncfs() or sys_sync().
+	 */
+	down_read(&sb->s_umount);
+	err1 = sync_filesystem(sb);
+	up_read(&sb->s_umount);
+	/* If a sync error occurs, still try to evict as much as possible. */
+
+	/*
+	 * Inodes are pinned by their dentries, so we have to evict their
+	 * dentries.  shrink_dcache_sb() would suffice, but would be overkill
+	 * and inappropriate for use by unprivileged users.  So instead go
+	 * through the inodes' alias lists and try to evict each dentry.
+	 */
+	evict_dentries_for_decrypted_inodes(mk);
+
+	/*
+	 * evict_dentries_for_decrypted_inodes() already iput() each inode in
+	 * the list; any inodes for which that dropped the last reference will
+	 * have been evicted due to fscrypt_drop_inode() detecting the key
+	 * removal and telling the VFS to evict the inode.  So to finish, we
+	 * just need to check whether any inodes couldn't be evicted.
+	 */
+	err2 = check_for_busy_inodes(sb, mk);
+
+	return err1 ?: err2;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Try to remove an fscrypt master encryption key.
+ *
+ * First we wipe the actual master key secret, so that no more inodes can be
+ * unlocked with it.  Then we try to evict all cached inodes that had been
+ * unlocked with the key.
+ *
+ * If all inodes were evicted, then we unlink the fscrypt_master_key from the
+ * keyring.  Otherwise it remains in the keyring in the "incompletely removed"
+ * state (without the actual secret key) where it tracks the list of remaining
+ * inodes.  Userspace can execute the ioctl again later to retry eviction, or
+ * alternatively can re-add the secret key again.
+ *
+ * For more details, see the "Removing keys" section of
+ * Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst.
+ */
+int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
+{
+	struct super_block *sb = file_inode(filp)->i_sb;
+	struct fscrypt_remove_key_arg __user *uarg = _uarg;
+	struct fscrypt_remove_key_arg arg;
+	struct key *key;
+	struct fscrypt_master_key *mk;
+	u32 status_flags = 0;
+	bool dead;
+
+	if (copy_from_user(&arg, uarg, sizeof(arg)))
+		return -EFAULT;
+
+	if (!valid_key_spec(&arg.key_spec))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (memchr_inv(arg.__reserved, 0, sizeof(arg.__reserved)))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+		return -EACCES;
+
+	/* Find the key being removed. */
+	key = fscrypt_find_master_key(sb, &arg.key_spec);
+	if (IS_ERR(key))
+		return PTR_ERR(key);
+	mk = key->payload.data[0];
+
+	down_write(&key->sem);
+
+	/* Wipe the secret. */
+	dead = false;
+	if (is_master_key_secret_present(&mk->mk_secret)) {
+		wipe_master_key_secret(&mk->mk_secret);
+		dead = refcount_dec_and_test(&mk->mk_refcount);
+	}
+	up_write(&key->sem);
+	if (dead) {
+		/*
+		 * No inodes reference the key, and we wiped the secret, so the
+		 * key object is free to be removed from the keyring.
+		 */
+		key_invalidate(key);
+	} else {
+		/* Some inodes still reference this key; try to evict them. */
+		if (try_to_lock_encrypted_files(sb, mk) != 0)
+			status_flags |=
+				FSCRYPT_KEY_REMOVAL_STATUS_FLAG_FILES_BUSY;
+	}
+	/*
+	 * We return 0 if we successfully did something: wiped the secret, or
+	 * tried locking the files again.  Users need to check the informational
+	 * status flags if they care whether the key has been fully removed
+	 * including all files locked.
+	 */
+	key_put(key);
+	return put_user(status_flags, &uarg->removal_status_flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key);
+
 int __init fscrypt_init_keyring(void)
 {
 	return register_key_type(&key_type_fscrypt);
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keysetup.c b/fs/crypto/keysetup.c
index 1c6d18bcdc7b64..7b60a47fc73c73 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keysetup.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keysetup.c
@@ -213,8 +213,16 @@ int fscrypt_set_derived_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci, const u8 *derived_key)
 
 /*
  * Find the master key, then set up the inode's actual encryption key.
+ *
+ * If the master key is found in the filesystem-level keyring, then the
+ * corresponding 'struct key' is returned in *master_key_ret with
+ * ->sem read-locked.  This is needed to ensure that only one task links the
+ * fscrypt_info into ->mk_decrypted_inodes (as multiple tasks may race to create
+ * an fscrypt_info for the same inode), and to synchronize the master key being
+ * removed with a new inode starting to use it.
  */
-static int setup_file_encryption_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci)
+static int setup_file_encryption_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
+				     struct key **master_key_ret)
 {
 	struct key *key;
 	struct fscrypt_master_key *mk = NULL;
@@ -234,6 +242,13 @@ static int setup_file_encryption_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci)
 	}
 
 	mk = key->payload.data[0];
+	down_read(&key->sem);
+
+	/* Has the secret been removed (via FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY)? */
+	if (!is_master_key_secret_present(&mk->mk_secret)) {
+		err = -ENOKEY;
+		goto out_release_key;
+	}
 
 	if (mk->mk_secret.size < ci->ci_mode->keysize) {
 		fscrypt_warn(NULL,
@@ -246,14 +261,22 @@ static int setup_file_encryption_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci)
 	}
 
 	err = fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key(ci, mk->mk_secret.raw);
+	if (err)
+		goto out_release_key;
+
+	*master_key_ret = key;
+	return 0;
 
 out_release_key:
+	up_read(&key->sem);
 	key_put(key);
 	return err;
 }
 
 static void put_crypt_info(struct fscrypt_info *ci)
 {
+	struct key *key;
+
 	if (!ci)
 		return;
 
@@ -263,6 +286,26 @@ static void put_crypt_info(struct fscrypt_info *ci)
 		crypto_free_skcipher(ci->ci_ctfm);
 		crypto_free_cipher(ci->ci_essiv_tfm);
 	}
+
+	key = ci->ci_master_key;
+	if (key) {
+		struct fscrypt_master_key *mk = key->payload.data[0];
+
+		/*
+		 * Remove this inode from the list of inodes that were unlocked
+		 * with the master key.
+		 *
+		 * In addition, if we're removing the last inode from a key that
+		 * already had its secret removed, invalidate the key so that it
+		 * gets removed from ->s_master_keys.
+		 */
+		spin_lock(&mk->mk_decrypted_inodes_lock);
+		list_del(&ci->ci_master_key_link);
+		spin_unlock(&mk->mk_decrypted_inodes_lock);
+		if (refcount_dec_and_test(&mk->mk_refcount))
+			key_invalidate(key);
+		key_put(key);
+	}
 	kmem_cache_free(fscrypt_info_cachep, ci);
 }
 
@@ -271,6 +314,7 @@ int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 	struct fscrypt_info *crypt_info;
 	struct fscrypt_context ctx;
 	struct fscrypt_mode *mode;
+	struct key *master_key = NULL;
 	int res;
 
 	if (fscrypt_has_encryption_key(inode))
@@ -335,13 +379,30 @@ int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 	WARN_ON(mode->ivsize > FSCRYPT_MAX_IV_SIZE);
 	crypt_info->ci_mode = mode;
 
-	res = setup_file_encryption_key(crypt_info);
+	res = setup_file_encryption_key(crypt_info, &master_key);
 	if (res)
 		goto out;
 
-	if (cmpxchg_release(&inode->i_crypt_info, NULL, crypt_info) == NULL)
+	if (cmpxchg_release(&inode->i_crypt_info, NULL, crypt_info) == NULL) {
+		if (master_key) {
+			struct fscrypt_master_key *mk =
+				master_key->payload.data[0];
+
+			refcount_inc(&mk->mk_refcount);
+			crypt_info->ci_master_key = key_get(master_key);
+			spin_lock(&mk->mk_decrypted_inodes_lock);
+			list_add(&crypt_info->ci_master_key_link,
+				 &mk->mk_decrypted_inodes);
+			spin_unlock(&mk->mk_decrypted_inodes_lock);
+		}
 		crypt_info = NULL;
+	}
+	res = 0;
 out:
+	if (master_key) {
+		up_read(&master_key->sem);
+		key_put(master_key);
+	}
 	if (res == -ENOKEY)
 		res = 0;
 	put_crypt_info(crypt_info);
@@ -376,3 +437,39 @@ void fscrypt_free_inode(struct inode *inode)
 	}
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_free_inode);
+
+/**
+ * fscrypt_drop_inode - check whether the inode's master key has been removed
+ *
+ * Filesystems supporting fscrypt must call this from their ->drop_inode()
+ * method so that encrypted inodes are evicted as soon as they're no longer in
+ * use and their master key has been removed.
+ *
+ * Return: 1 if fscrypt wants the inode to be evicted now, otherwise 0
+ */
+int fscrypt_drop_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+	const struct fscrypt_info *ci = READ_ONCE(inode->i_crypt_info);
+	const struct fscrypt_master_key *mk;
+
+	/*
+	 * If ci is NULL, then the inode doesn't have an encryption key set up
+	 * so it's irrelevant.  If ci_master_key is NULL, then the master key
+	 * was provided via the legacy mechanism of the process-subscribed
+	 * keyrings, so we don't know whether it's been removed or not.
+	 */
+	if (!ci || !ci->ci_master_key)
+		return 0;
+	mk = ci->ci_master_key->payload.data[0];
+
+	/*
+	 * Note: since we aren't holding key->sem, the result here can
+	 * immediately become outdated.  But there's no correctness problem with
+	 * unnecessarily evicting.  Nor is there a correctness problem with not
+	 * evicting while iput() is racing with the key being removed, since
+	 * then the thread removing the key will either evict the inode itself
+	 * or will correctly detect that it wasn't evicted due to the race.
+	 */
+	return !is_master_key_secret_present(&mk->mk_secret);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fscrypt_drop_inode);
diff --git a/include/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/linux/fscrypt.h
index 46bf66cf76ef88..b494c5f9c01f79 100644
--- a/include/linux/fscrypt.h
+++ b/include/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -141,11 +141,13 @@ extern int fscrypt_inherit_context(struct inode *, struct inode *,
 /* keyring.c */
 extern void fscrypt_sb_free(struct super_block *sb);
 extern int fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg);
+extern int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg);
 
 /* keysetup.c */
 extern int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *);
 extern void fscrypt_put_encryption_info(struct inode *);
 extern void fscrypt_free_inode(struct inode *);
+extern int fscrypt_drop_inode(struct inode *inode);
 
 /* fname.c */
 extern int fscrypt_setup_filename(struct inode *, const struct qstr *,
@@ -381,6 +383,11 @@ static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg)
 	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
 }
 
+static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg)
+{
+	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+}
+
 /* keysetup.c */
 static inline int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 {
@@ -396,6 +403,11 @@ static inline void fscrypt_free_inode(struct inode *inode)
 {
 }
 
+static inline int fscrypt_drop_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
  /* fname.c */
 static inline int fscrypt_setup_filename(struct inode *dir,
 					 const struct qstr *iname,
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
index 6aeca3cb0a2dec..07f37a27a94445 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -76,10 +76,19 @@ struct fscrypt_add_key_arg {
 	__u8 raw[];
 };
 
+/* Struct passed to FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY */
+struct fscrypt_remove_key_arg {
+	struct fscrypt_key_specifier key_spec;
+#define FSCRYPT_KEY_REMOVAL_STATUS_FLAG_FILES_BUSY	0x00000001
+	__u32 removal_status_flags;	/* output */
+	__u32 __reserved[5];
+};
+
 #define FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY		_IOR('f', 19, struct fscrypt_policy)
 #define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_PWSALT		_IOW('f', 20, __u8[16])
 #define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY		_IOW('f', 21, struct fscrypt_policy)
 #define FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY		_IOWR('f', 23, struct fscrypt_add_key_arg)
+#define FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY		_IOWR('f', 24, struct fscrypt_remove_key_arg)
 
 /**********************************************************************/
 
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


______________________________________________________
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http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-mtd/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 11/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS ioctl
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (9 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 10/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 12/20] fscrypt: add an HKDF-SHA512 implementation Eric Biggers
                   ` (9 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Add a new fscrypt ioctl, FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS.  Given a key
specified by 'struct fscrypt_key_specifier' (the same way a key is
specified for the other fscrypt key management ioctls), it returns
status information in a 'struct fscrypt_get_key_status_arg'.

The main motivation for this is that applications need to be able to
check whether an encrypted directory is "unlocked" or not, so that they
can add the key if it is not, and avoid adding the key (which may
involve prompting the user for a passphrase) if it already is.

It's possible to use some workarounds such as checking whether opening a
regular file fails with ENOKEY, or checking whether the filenames "look
like gibberish" or not.  However, no workaround is usable in all cases.

Like the other key management ioctls, the keyrings syscalls may seem at
first to be a good fit for this.  Unfortunately, they are not.  Even if
we exposed the keyring ID of the ->s_master_keys keyring and gave
everyone Search permission on it (note: currently the keyrings
permission system would also allow everyone to "invalidate" the keyring
too), the fscrypt keys have an additional state that doesn't map cleanly
to the keyrings API: the secret can be removed, but we can be still
tracking the files that were using the key, and the removal can be
re-attempted or the secret added again.

After later patches, some applications will also need a way to determine
whether a key was added by the current user vs. by some other user.
Reserved fields are included in fscrypt_get_key_status_arg for this and
other future extensions.

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/crypto/keyring.c          | 63 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/fscrypt.h      |  7 ++++
 include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h | 15 +++++++++
 3 files changed, 85 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/crypto/keyring.c b/fs/crypto/keyring.c
index 9901593051424b..17bdfbc2938880 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keyring.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keyring.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
  *
  * - FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY
  * - FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY
+ * - FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS
  *
  * See the "User API" section of Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst for more
  * information about these ioctls.
@@ -531,6 +532,68 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key);
 
+/*
+ * Retrieve the status of an fscrypt master encryption key.
+ *
+ * We set ->status to indicate whether the key is absent, present, or
+ * incompletely removed.  "Incompletely removed" means that the master key
+ * secret has been removed, but some files which had been unlocked with it are
+ * still in use.  This field allows applications to easily determine the state
+ * of an encrypted directory without using a hack such as trying to open a
+ * regular file in it (which can confuse the "incompletely removed" state with
+ * absent or present).
+ *
+ * For more details, see the "FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS" section of
+ * Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst.
+ */
+int fscrypt_ioctl_get_key_status(struct file *filp, void __user *uarg)
+{
+	struct super_block *sb = file_inode(filp)->i_sb;
+	struct fscrypt_get_key_status_arg arg;
+	struct key *key;
+	struct fscrypt_master_key *mk;
+	int err;
+
+	if (copy_from_user(&arg, uarg, sizeof(arg)))
+		return -EFAULT;
+
+	if (!valid_key_spec(&arg.key_spec))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (memchr_inv(arg.__reserved, 0, sizeof(arg.__reserved)))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	memset(arg.__out_reserved, 0, sizeof(arg.__out_reserved));
+
+	key = fscrypt_find_master_key(sb, &arg.key_spec);
+	if (IS_ERR(key)) {
+		if (key != ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY))
+			return PTR_ERR(key);
+		arg.status = FSCRYPT_KEY_STATUS_ABSENT;
+		err = 0;
+		goto out;
+	}
+	mk = key->payload.data[0];
+	down_read(&key->sem);
+
+	if (!is_master_key_secret_present(&mk->mk_secret)) {
+		arg.status = FSCRYPT_KEY_STATUS_INCOMPLETELY_REMOVED;
+		err = 0;
+		goto out_release_key;
+	}
+
+	arg.status = FSCRYPT_KEY_STATUS_PRESENT;
+	err = 0;
+out_release_key:
+	up_read(&key->sem);
+	key_put(key);
+out:
+	if (!err && copy_to_user(uarg, &arg, sizeof(arg)))
+		err = -EFAULT;
+	return err;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fscrypt_ioctl_get_key_status);
+
 int __init fscrypt_init_keyring(void)
 {
 	return register_key_type(&key_type_fscrypt);
diff --git a/include/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/linux/fscrypt.h
index b494c5f9c01f79..6628d09585bdc3 100644
--- a/include/linux/fscrypt.h
+++ b/include/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -142,6 +142,7 @@ extern int fscrypt_inherit_context(struct inode *, struct inode *,
 extern void fscrypt_sb_free(struct super_block *sb);
 extern int fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg);
 extern int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg);
+extern int fscrypt_ioctl_get_key_status(struct file *filp, void __user *arg);
 
 /* keysetup.c */
 extern int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *);
@@ -388,6 +389,12 @@ static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg)
 	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
 }
 
+static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_get_key_status(struct file *filp,
+					       void __user *arg)
+{
+	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+}
+
 /* keysetup.c */
 static inline int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 {
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
index 07f37a27a94445..ed5995b150166a 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -84,11 +84,26 @@ struct fscrypt_remove_key_arg {
 	__u32 __reserved[5];
 };
 
+/* Struct passed to FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS */
+struct fscrypt_get_key_status_arg {
+	/* input */
+	struct fscrypt_key_specifier key_spec;
+	__u32 __reserved[6];
+
+	/* output */
+#define FSCRYPT_KEY_STATUS_ABSENT		1
+#define FSCRYPT_KEY_STATUS_PRESENT		2
+#define FSCRYPT_KEY_STATUS_INCOMPLETELY_REMOVED	3
+	__u32 status;
+	__u32 __out_reserved[15];
+};
+
 #define FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY		_IOR('f', 19, struct fscrypt_policy)
 #define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_PWSALT		_IOW('f', 20, __u8[16])
 #define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY		_IOW('f', 21, struct fscrypt_policy)
 #define FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY		_IOWR('f', 23, struct fscrypt_add_key_arg)
 #define FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY		_IOWR('f', 24, struct fscrypt_remove_key_arg)
+#define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS	_IOWR('f', 26, struct fscrypt_get_key_status_arg)
 
 /**********************************************************************/
 
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


______________________________________________________
Linux MTD discussion mailing list
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-mtd/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 12/20] fscrypt: add an HKDF-SHA512 implementation
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (10 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 11/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS ioctl Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-06 20:43   ` Paul Crowley
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 13/20] fscrypt: v2 encryption policy support Eric Biggers
                   ` (8 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 1 reply; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Add an implementation of HKDF (RFC 5869) to fscrypt, for the purpose of
deriving additional key material from the fscrypt master keys for v2
encryption policies.  HKDF is a key derivation function built on top of
HMAC.  We choose SHA-512 for the underlying unkeyed hash, and use an
"hmac(sha512)" transform allocated from the crypto API.

We'll be using this to replace the AES-ECB based KDF currently used to
derive the per-file encryption keys.  While the AES-ECB based KDF is
believed to meet the original security requirements, it is nonstandard
and has problems that don't exist in modern KDFs such as HKDF:

1. It's reversible.  Given a derived key and nonce, an attacker can
   easily compute the master key.  This is okay if the master key and
   derived keys are equally hard to compromise, but now we'd like to be
   more robust against threats such as a derived key being compromised
   through a timing attack, or a derived key for an in-use file being
   compromised after the master key has already been removed.

2. It doesn't evenly distribute the entropy from the master key; each 16
   input bytes only affects the corresponding 16 output bytes.

3. It isn't easily extensible to deriving other values or keys, such as
   a public hash for securely identifying the key, or per-mode keys.
   Per-mode keys will be immediately useful for Adiantum encryption, for
   which fscrypt currently uses the master key directly, introducing
   unnecessary usage constraints.  Per-mode keys will also be useful for
   hardware inline encryption, which is currently being worked on.

HKDF solves all the above problems.

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/crypto/Kconfig           |   2 +
 fs/crypto/Makefile          |   1 +
 fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h |  15 +++
 fs/crypto/hkdf.c            | 181 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 199 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 fs/crypto/hkdf.c

diff --git a/fs/crypto/Kconfig b/fs/crypto/Kconfig
index 5fdf24877c1785..ff5a1746cbae4c 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/Kconfig
+++ b/fs/crypto/Kconfig
@@ -7,6 +7,8 @@ config FS_ENCRYPTION
 	select CRYPTO_ECB
 	select CRYPTO_XTS
 	select CRYPTO_CTS
+	select CRYPTO_SHA512
+	select CRYPTO_HMAC
 	select KEYS
 	help
 	  Enable encryption of files and directories.  This
diff --git a/fs/crypto/Makefile b/fs/crypto/Makefile
index 6b2485b4139335..232e2bb5a337b2 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/Makefile
+++ b/fs/crypto/Makefile
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION)	+= fscrypto.o
 
 fscrypto-y := crypto.o \
 	      fname.o \
+	      hkdf.o \
 	      hooks.o \
 	      keyring.o \
 	      keysetup.o \
diff --git a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
index fc804f4a03fc92..9556e9499dc59c 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
+++ b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
@@ -172,6 +172,21 @@ extern bool fscrypt_fname_encrypted_size(const struct inode *inode,
 					 u32 orig_len, u32 max_len,
 					 u32 *encrypted_len_ret);
 
+/* hkdf.c */
+
+struct fscrypt_hkdf {
+	struct crypto_shash *hmac_tfm;
+};
+
+extern int fscrypt_init_hkdf(struct fscrypt_hkdf *hkdf, const u8 *master_key,
+			     unsigned int master_key_size);
+
+extern int fscrypt_hkdf_expand(struct fscrypt_hkdf *hkdf, u8 context,
+			       const u8 *info, unsigned int infolen,
+			       u8 *okm, unsigned int okmlen);
+
+extern void fscrypt_destroy_hkdf(struct fscrypt_hkdf *hkdf);
+
 /* keyring.c */
 
 /*
diff --git a/fs/crypto/hkdf.c b/fs/crypto/hkdf.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000000..f21873e1b46749
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fs/crypto/hkdf.c
@@ -0,0 +1,181 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Implementation of HKDF ("HMAC-based Extract-and-Expand Key Derivation
+ * Function"), aka RFC 5869.  See also the original paper (Krawczyk 2010):
+ * "Cryptographic Extraction and Key Derivation: The HKDF Scheme".
+ *
+ * This is used to derive keys from the fscrypt master keys.
+ *
+ * Copyright 2019 Google LLC
+ */
+
+#include <crypto/hash.h>
+#include <crypto/sha.h>
+
+#include "fscrypt_private.h"
+
+/*
+ * HKDF supports any unkeyed cryptographic hash algorithm, but fscrypt uses
+ * SHA-512 because it is reasonably secure and efficient; and since it produces
+ * a 64-byte digest, deriving an AES-256-XTS key preserves all 64 bytes of
+ * entropy from the master key and requires only one iteration of HKDF-Expand.
+ */
+#define HKDF_HMAC_ALG		"hmac(sha512)"
+#define HKDF_HASHLEN		SHA512_DIGEST_SIZE
+
+/*
+ * HKDF consists of two steps:
+ *
+ * 1. HKDF-Extract: extract a pseudorandom key of length HKDF_HASHLEN bytes from
+ *    the input keying material and optional salt.
+ * 2. HKDF-Expand: expand the pseudorandom key into output keying material of
+ *    any length, parameterized by an application-specific info string.
+ *
+ * HKDF-Extract can be skipped if the input is already a pseudorandom key of
+ * length HKDF_HASHLEN bytes.  However, cipher modes other than AES-256-XTS take
+ * shorter keys, and we don't want to force users of those modes to provide
+ * unnecessarily long master keys.  Thus fscrypt still does HKDF-Extract.  No
+ * salt is used, since fscrypt master keys should already be pseudorandom and
+ * there's no way to persist a random salt per master key from kernel mode.
+ */
+
+/* HKDF-Extract (RFC 5869 section 2.2), unsalted */
+static int hkdf_extract(struct crypto_shash *hmac_tfm, const u8 *ikm,
+			unsigned int ikmlen, u8 prk[HKDF_HASHLEN])
+{
+	static const u8 default_salt[HKDF_HASHLEN];
+	SHASH_DESC_ON_STACK(desc, hmac_tfm);
+	int err;
+
+	err = crypto_shash_setkey(hmac_tfm, default_salt, HKDF_HASHLEN);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	desc->tfm = hmac_tfm;
+	err = crypto_shash_digest(desc, ikm, ikmlen, prk);
+	shash_desc_zero(desc);
+	return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Compute HKDF-Extract using the given master key as the input keying material,
+ * and prepare an HMAC transform object keyed by the resulting pseudorandom key.
+ *
+ * Afterwards, the keyed HMAC transform object can be used for HKDF-Expand many
+ * times without having to recompute HKDF-Extract each time.
+ */
+int fscrypt_init_hkdf(struct fscrypt_hkdf *hkdf, const u8 *master_key,
+		      unsigned int master_key_size)
+{
+	struct crypto_shash *hmac_tfm;
+	u8 prk[HKDF_HASHLEN];
+	int err;
+
+	hmac_tfm = crypto_alloc_shash(HKDF_HMAC_ALG, 0, 0);
+	if (IS_ERR(hmac_tfm)) {
+		fscrypt_err(NULL, "Error allocating " HKDF_HMAC_ALG ": %ld",
+			    PTR_ERR(hmac_tfm));
+		return PTR_ERR(hmac_tfm);
+	}
+
+	if (WARN_ON(crypto_shash_digestsize(hmac_tfm) != sizeof(prk))) {
+		err = -EINVAL;
+		goto err_free_tfm;
+	}
+
+	err = hkdf_extract(hmac_tfm, master_key, master_key_size, prk);
+	if (err)
+		goto err_free_tfm;
+
+	err = crypto_shash_setkey(hmac_tfm, prk, sizeof(prk));
+	if (err)
+		goto err_free_tfm;
+
+	hkdf->hmac_tfm = hmac_tfm;
+	goto out;
+
+err_free_tfm:
+	crypto_free_shash(hmac_tfm);
+out:
+	memzero_explicit(prk, sizeof(prk));
+	return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * HKDF-Expand (RFC 5869 section 2.3).  This expands the pseudorandom key, which
+ * was already keyed into 'hkdf->hmac_tfm' by fscrypt_init_hkdf(), into 'okmlen'
+ * bytes of output keying material parameterized by the application-specific
+ * 'info' of length 'infolen' bytes, prefixed by "fscrypt\0" and the 'context'
+ * byte.  This is thread-safe and may be called by multiple threads in parallel.
+ *
+ * ('context' isn't part of the HKDF specification; it's just a prefix fscrypt
+ * adds to its application-specific info strings to guarantee that it doesn't
+ * accidentally repeat an info string when using HKDF for different purposes.)
+ */
+int fscrypt_hkdf_expand(struct fscrypt_hkdf *hkdf, u8 context,
+			const u8 *info, unsigned int infolen,
+			u8 *okm, unsigned int okmlen)
+{
+	SHASH_DESC_ON_STACK(desc, hkdf->hmac_tfm);
+	u8 prefix[9];
+	unsigned int i;
+	int err;
+	const u8 *prev = NULL;
+	u8 counter = 1;
+	u8 tmp[HKDF_HASHLEN];
+
+	if (WARN_ON(okmlen > 255 * HKDF_HASHLEN))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	desc->tfm = hkdf->hmac_tfm;
+
+	memcpy(prefix, "fscrypt\0", 8);
+	prefix[8] = context;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < okmlen; i += HKDF_HASHLEN) {
+
+		err = crypto_shash_init(desc);
+		if (err)
+			goto out;
+
+		if (prev) {
+			err = crypto_shash_update(desc, prev, HKDF_HASHLEN);
+			if (err)
+				goto out;
+		}
+
+		err = crypto_shash_update(desc, prefix, sizeof(prefix));
+		if (err)
+			goto out;
+
+		err = crypto_shash_update(desc, info, infolen);
+		if (err)
+			goto out;
+
+		BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(counter) != 1);
+		if (okmlen - i < HKDF_HASHLEN) {
+			err = crypto_shash_finup(desc, &counter, 1, tmp);
+			if (err)
+				goto out;
+			memcpy(&okm[i], tmp, okmlen - i);
+			memzero_explicit(tmp, sizeof(tmp));
+		} else {
+			err = crypto_shash_finup(desc, &counter, 1, &okm[i]);
+			if (err)
+				goto out;
+		}
+		counter++;
+		prev = &okm[i];
+	}
+	err = 0;
+out:
+	if (unlikely(err))
+		memzero_explicit(okm, okmlen); /* so caller doesn't need to */
+	shash_desc_zero(desc);
+	return err;
+}
+
+void fscrypt_destroy_hkdf(struct fscrypt_hkdf *hkdf)
+{
+	crypto_free_shash(hkdf->hmac_tfm);
+}
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


______________________________________________________
Linux MTD discussion mailing list
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-mtd/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 13/20] fscrypt: v2 encryption policy support
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (11 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 12/20] fscrypt: add an HKDF-SHA512 implementation Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-06 20:44   ` Paul Crowley
  2019-08-13  0:39   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 14/20] fscrypt: allow unprivileged users to add/remove keys for v2 policies Eric Biggers
                   ` (7 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 2 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Add a new fscrypt policy version, "v2".  It has the following changes
from the original policy version, which we call "v1" (*):

- Master keys (the user-provided encryption keys) are only ever used as
  input to HKDF-SHA512.  This is more flexible and less error-prone, and
  it avoids the quirks and limitations of the AES-128-ECB based KDF.
  Three classes of cryptographically isolated subkeys are defined:

    - Per-file keys, like used in v1 policies except for the new KDF.

    - Per-mode keys.  These implement the semantics of the DIRECT_KEY
      flag, which for v1 policies made the master key be used directly.
      These are also planned to be used for inline encryption when
      support for it is added.

    - Key identifiers (see below).

- Each master key is identified by a 16-byte master_key_identifier,
  which is derived from the key itself using HKDF-SHA512.  This prevents
  users from associating the wrong key with an encrypted file or
  directory.  This was easily possible with v1 policies, which
  identified the key by an arbitrary 8-byte master_key_descriptor.

- The key must be provided in the filesystem-level keyring, not in a
  process-subscribed keyring.

The following UAPI additions are made:

- The existing ioctl FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY can now be passed a
  fscrypt_policy_v2 to set a v2 encryption policy.  It's disambiguated
  from fscrypt_policy/fscrypt_policy_v1 by the version code prefix.

- A new ioctl FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX is added.  It allows
  getting the v1 or v2 encryption policy of an encrypted file or
  directory.  The existing FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY ioctl could not
  be used because it did not have a way for userspace to indicate which
  policy structure is expected.  The new ioctl includes a size field, so
  it is extensible to future fscrypt policy versions.

- The ioctls FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY, FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY,
  and FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS now support managing keys for v2
  encryption policies.  Such keys are kept logically separate from keys
  for v1 encryption policies, and are identified by 'identifier' rather
  than by 'descriptor'.  The 'identifier' need not be provided when
  adding a key, since the kernel will calculate it anyway.

This patch temporarily keeps adding/removing v2 policy keys behind the
same permission check done for adding/removing v1 policy keys:
capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN).  However, the next patch will carefully take
advantage of the cryptographically secure master_key_identifier to allow
non-root users to add/remove v2 policy keys, thus providing a full
replacement for v1 policies.

(*) Actually, in the API fscrypt_policy::version is 0 while on-disk
    fscrypt_context::format is 1.  But I believe it makes the most sense
    to advance both to '2' to have them be in sync, and to consider the
    numbering to start at 1 except for the API quirk.

Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/crypto/crypto.c           |   2 +-
 fs/crypto/fname.c            |   3 +-
 fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h  | 187 +++++++++++++---
 fs/crypto/keyring.c          |  35 ++-
 fs/crypto/keysetup.c         | 202 +++++++++++++----
 fs/crypto/keysetup_v1.c      |  18 +-
 fs/crypto/policy.c           | 422 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 include/linux/fscrypt.h      |   9 +-
 include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h |  57 ++++-
 9 files changed, 741 insertions(+), 194 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/crypto/crypto.c b/fs/crypto/crypto.c
index 65ca077e8d585f..32a7ad0098cc28 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/crypto.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/crypto.c
@@ -141,7 +141,7 @@ void fscrypt_generate_iv(union fscrypt_iv *iv, u64 lblk_num,
 	memset(iv, 0, ci->ci_mode->ivsize);
 	iv->lblk_num = cpu_to_le64(lblk_num);
 
-	if (ci->ci_flags & FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY)
+	if (fscrypt_is_direct_key_policy(&ci->ci_policy))
 		memcpy(iv->nonce, ci->ci_nonce, FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE);
 
 	if (ci->ci_essiv_tfm != NULL)
diff --git a/fs/crypto/fname.c b/fs/crypto/fname.c
index f4977d44d69b81..3da3707c10e33d 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/fname.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/fname.c
@@ -181,7 +181,8 @@ static int base64_decode(const char *src, int len, u8 *dst)
 bool fscrypt_fname_encrypted_size(const struct inode *inode, u32 orig_len,
 				  u32 max_len, u32 *encrypted_len_ret)
 {
-	int padding = 4 << (inode->i_crypt_info->ci_flags &
+	const struct fscrypt_info *ci = inode->i_crypt_info;
+	int padding = 4 << (fscrypt_policy_flags(&ci->ci_policy) &
 			    FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_MASK);
 	u32 encrypted_len;
 
diff --git a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
index 9556e9499dc59c..c89e37d38e42f8 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
+++ b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
@@ -20,27 +20,127 @@
 
 #define FSCRYPT_MIN_KEY_SIZE		16
 
-/**
- * Encryption context for inode
- *
- * Protector format:
- *  1 byte: Protector format (1 = this version)
- *  1 byte: File contents encryption mode
- *  1 byte: File names encryption mode
- *  1 byte: Flags
- *  8 bytes: Master Key descriptor
- *  16 bytes: Encryption Key derivation nonce
- */
-struct fscrypt_context {
-	u8 format;
+#define FSCRYPT_CONTEXT_V1	1
+#define FSCRYPT_CONTEXT_V2	2
+
+struct fscrypt_context_v1 {
+	u8 version; /* FSCRYPT_CONTEXT_V1 */
 	u8 contents_encryption_mode;
 	u8 filenames_encryption_mode;
 	u8 flags;
 	u8 master_key_descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
 	u8 nonce[FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE];
-} __packed;
+};
 
-#define FS_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT_FORMAT_V1		1
+struct fscrypt_context_v2 {
+	u8 version; /* FSCRYPT_CONTEXT_V2 */
+	u8 contents_encryption_mode;
+	u8 filenames_encryption_mode;
+	u8 flags;
+	u8 __reserved[4];
+	u8 master_key_identifier[FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE];
+	u8 nonce[FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE];
+};
+
+/**
+ * fscrypt_context - the encryption context of an inode
+ *
+ * This is the on-disk equivalent of an fscrypt_policy, stored alongside each
+ * encrypted file usually in a hidden extended attribute.  It contains the
+ * fields from the fscrypt_policy, in order to identify the encryption algorithm
+ * and key with which the file is encrypted.  It also contains a nonce that was
+ * randomly generated by fscrypt itself; this is used as KDF input or as a tweak
+ * to cause different files to be encrypted differently.
+ */
+union fscrypt_context {
+	u8 version;
+	struct fscrypt_context_v1 v1;
+	struct fscrypt_context_v2 v2;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Return the size expected for the given fscrypt_context based on its version
+ * number, or 0 if the context version is unrecognized.
+ */
+static inline int fscrypt_context_size(const union fscrypt_context *ctx)
+{
+	switch (ctx->version) {
+	case FSCRYPT_CONTEXT_V1:
+		BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(ctx->v1) != 28);
+		return sizeof(ctx->v1);
+	case FSCRYPT_CONTEXT_V2:
+		BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(ctx->v2) != 40);
+		return sizeof(ctx->v2);
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+#undef fscrypt_policy
+union fscrypt_policy {
+	u8 version;
+	struct fscrypt_policy_v1 v1;
+	struct fscrypt_policy_v2 v2;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Return the size expected for the given fscrypt_policy based on its version
+ * number, or 0 if the policy version is unrecognized.
+ */
+static inline int fscrypt_policy_size(const union fscrypt_policy *policy)
+{
+	switch (policy->version) {
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1:
+		return sizeof(policy->v1);
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V2:
+		return sizeof(policy->v2);
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* Return the contents encryption mode of a valid encryption policy */
+static inline u8
+fscrypt_policy_contents_mode(const union fscrypt_policy *policy)
+{
+	switch (policy->version) {
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1:
+		return policy->v1.contents_encryption_mode;
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V2:
+		return policy->v2.contents_encryption_mode;
+	}
+	BUG();
+}
+
+/* Return the filenames encryption mode of a valid encryption policy */
+static inline u8
+fscrypt_policy_fnames_mode(const union fscrypt_policy *policy)
+{
+	switch (policy->version) {
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1:
+		return policy->v1.filenames_encryption_mode;
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V2:
+		return policy->v2.filenames_encryption_mode;
+	}
+	BUG();
+}
+
+/* Return the flags (FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG*) of a valid encryption policy */
+static inline u8
+fscrypt_policy_flags(const union fscrypt_policy *policy)
+{
+	switch (policy->version) {
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1:
+		return policy->v1.flags;
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V2:
+		return policy->v2.flags;
+	}
+	BUG();
+}
+
+static inline bool
+fscrypt_is_direct_key_policy(const union fscrypt_policy *policy)
+{
+	return fscrypt_policy_flags(policy) & FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY;
+}
 
 /**
  * For encrypted symlinks, the ciphertext length is stored at the beginning
@@ -70,8 +170,8 @@ struct fscrypt_info {
 	struct crypto_cipher *ci_essiv_tfm;
 
 	/*
-	 * Encryption mode used for this inode.  It corresponds to either
-	 * ci_data_mode or ci_filename_mode, depending on the inode type.
+	 * Encryption mode used for this inode.  It corresponds to either the
+	 * contents or filenames encryption mode, depending on the inode type.
 	 */
 	struct fscrypt_mode *ci_mode;
 
@@ -97,11 +197,10 @@ struct fscrypt_info {
 	 */
 	struct fscrypt_direct_key *ci_direct_key;
 
-	/* fields from the fscrypt_context */
-	u8 ci_data_mode;
-	u8 ci_filename_mode;
-	u8 ci_flags;
-	u8 ci_master_key_descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+	/* The encryption policy used by this inode */
+	union fscrypt_policy ci_policy;
+
+	/* This inode's nonce, copied from the fscrypt_context */
 	u8 ci_nonce[FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE];
 };
 
@@ -181,6 +280,17 @@ struct fscrypt_hkdf {
 extern int fscrypt_init_hkdf(struct fscrypt_hkdf *hkdf, const u8 *master_key,
 			     unsigned int master_key_size);
 
+/*
+ * The list of contexts in which fscrypt uses HKDF.  These values are used as
+ * the first byte of the HKDF application-specific info string to guarantee that
+ * info strings are never repeated between contexts.  This ensures that all HKDF
+ * outputs are unique and cryptographically isolated, i.e. knowledge of one
+ * output doesn't reveal another.
+ */
+#define HKDF_CONTEXT_KEY_IDENTIFIER	1
+#define HKDF_CONTEXT_PER_FILE_KEY	2
+#define HKDF_CONTEXT_PER_MODE_KEY	3
+
 extern int fscrypt_hkdf_expand(struct fscrypt_hkdf *hkdf, u8 context,
 			       const u8 *info, unsigned int infolen,
 			       u8 *okm, unsigned int okmlen);
@@ -194,10 +304,16 @@ extern void fscrypt_destroy_hkdf(struct fscrypt_hkdf *hkdf);
  */
 struct fscrypt_master_key_secret {
 
-	/* Size of the raw key in bytes */
+	/*
+	 * For v2 policy keys: HKDF context keyed by this master key.
+	 * For v1 policy keys: not set (hkdf.hmac_tfm == NULL).
+	 */
+	struct fscrypt_hkdf	hkdf;
+
+	/* Size of the raw key in bytes.  Set even if ->raw isn't set. */
 	u32			size;
 
-	/* The raw key */
+	/* For v1 policy keys: the raw key.  Wiped for v2 policy keys. */
 	u8			raw[FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
 
 } __randomize_layout;
@@ -223,7 +339,12 @@ struct fscrypt_master_key {
 	 */
 	struct fscrypt_master_key_secret	mk_secret;
 
-	/* Arbitrary key descriptor which was assigned by userspace */
+	/*
+	 * For v1 policy keys: an arbitrary key descriptor which was assigned by
+	 * userspace (->descriptor).
+	 *
+	 * For v2 policy keys: a cryptographic hash of this key (->identifier).
+	 */
 	struct fscrypt_key_specifier		mk_spec;
 
 	/*
@@ -242,6 +363,9 @@ struct fscrypt_master_key {
 	struct list_head	mk_decrypted_inodes;
 	spinlock_t		mk_decrypted_inodes_lock;
 
+	/* Per-mode tfms for DIRECT_KEY policies, allocated on-demand */
+	struct crypto_skcipher	*mk_mode_keys[__FSCRYPT_MODE_MAX + 1];
+
 } __randomize_layout;
 
 static inline bool
@@ -263,6 +387,8 @@ static inline const char *master_key_spec_type(
 	switch (spec->type) {
 	case FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR:
 		return "descriptor";
+	case FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_IDENTIFIER:
+		return "identifier";
 	}
 	return "[unknown]";
 }
@@ -272,6 +398,8 @@ static inline int master_key_spec_len(const struct fscrypt_key_specifier *spec)
 	switch (spec->type) {
 	case FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR:
 		return FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE;
+	case FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_IDENTIFIER:
+		return FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE;
 	}
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -315,5 +443,14 @@ extern int fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 
 extern int fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key_via_subscribed_keyrings(
 					struct fscrypt_info *ci);
+/* policy.c */
+
+extern bool fscrypt_policies_equal(const union fscrypt_policy *policy1,
+				   const union fscrypt_policy *policy2);
+extern bool fscrypt_supported_policy(const union fscrypt_policy *policy_u,
+				     const struct inode *inode);
+extern int fscrypt_policy_from_context(union fscrypt_policy *policy_u,
+				       const union fscrypt_context *ctx_u,
+				       int ctx_size);
 
 #endif /* _FSCRYPT_PRIVATE_H */
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keyring.c b/fs/crypto/keyring.c
index 17bdfbc2938880..5adb33f638019e 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keyring.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keyring.c
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
  * information about these ioctls.
  */
 
+#include <crypto/skcipher.h>
 #include <linux/key-type.h>
 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
 
@@ -24,6 +25,7 @@
 
 static void wipe_master_key_secret(struct fscrypt_master_key_secret *secret)
 {
+	fscrypt_destroy_hkdf(&secret->hkdf);
 	memzero_explicit(secret, sizeof(*secret));
 }
 
@@ -36,7 +38,13 @@ static void move_master_key_secret(struct fscrypt_master_key_secret *dst,
 
 static void free_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
 {
+	size_t i;
+
 	wipe_master_key_secret(&mk->mk_secret);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mk->mk_mode_keys); i++)
+		crypto_free_skcipher(mk->mk_mode_keys[i]);
+
 	kzfree(mk);
 }
 
@@ -109,7 +117,7 @@ static struct key *search_fscrypt_keyring(struct key *keyring,
 #define FSCRYPT_FS_KEYRING_DESCRIPTION_SIZE	\
 	(CONST_STRLEN("fscrypt-") + FIELD_SIZEOF(struct super_block, s_id))
 
-#define FSCRYPT_MK_DESCRIPTION_SIZE	(2 * FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE + 1)
+#define FSCRYPT_MK_DESCRIPTION_SIZE	(2 * FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE + 1)
 
 static void format_fs_keyring_description(
 			char description[FSCRYPT_FS_KEYRING_DESCRIPTION_SIZE],
@@ -314,6 +322,31 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
 	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
 		goto out_wipe_secret;
 
+	if (arg.key_spec.type == FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_IDENTIFIER) {
+		err = fscrypt_init_hkdf(&secret.hkdf, secret.raw, secret.size);
+		if (err)
+			goto out_wipe_secret;
+
+		/*
+		 * Now that the HKDF context is initialized, the raw key is no
+		 * longer needed.
+		 */
+		memzero_explicit(secret.raw, secret.size);
+
+		/* Calculate the key identifier and return it to userspace. */
+		err = fscrypt_hkdf_expand(&secret.hkdf,
+					  HKDF_CONTEXT_KEY_IDENTIFIER,
+					  NULL, 0, arg.key_spec.u.identifier,
+					  FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE);
+		if (err)
+			goto out_wipe_secret;
+		err = -EFAULT;
+		if (copy_to_user(uarg->key_spec.u.identifier,
+				 arg.key_spec.u.identifier,
+				 FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE))
+			goto out_wipe_secret;
+	}
+
 	err = add_master_key(sb, &secret, &arg.key_spec);
 out_wipe_secret:
 	wipe_master_key_secret(&secret);
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keysetup.c b/fs/crypto/keysetup.c
index 7b60a47fc73c73..f423d48264dba9 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keysetup.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keysetup.c
@@ -52,20 +52,14 @@ static struct fscrypt_mode available_modes[] = {
 };
 
 static struct fscrypt_mode *
-select_encryption_mode(const struct fscrypt_info *ci, const struct inode *inode)
+select_encryption_mode(const union fscrypt_policy *policy,
+		       const struct inode *inode)
 {
-	if (!fscrypt_valid_enc_modes(ci->ci_data_mode, ci->ci_filename_mode)) {
-		fscrypt_warn(inode,
-			     "Unsupported encryption modes (contents mode %d, filenames mode %d)",
-			     ci->ci_data_mode, ci->ci_filename_mode);
-		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
-	}
-
 	if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
-		return &available_modes[ci->ci_data_mode];
+		return &available_modes[fscrypt_policy_contents_mode(policy)];
 
 	if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode))
-		return &available_modes[ci->ci_filename_mode];
+		return &available_modes[fscrypt_policy_fnames_mode(policy)];
 
 	WARN_ONCE(1, "fscrypt: filesystem tried to load encryption info for inode %lu, which is not encryptable (file type %d)\n",
 		  inode->i_ino, (inode->i_mode & S_IFMT));
@@ -211,6 +205,82 @@ int fscrypt_set_derived_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci, const u8 *derived_key)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static int setup_per_mode_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
+			      struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
+{
+	struct fscrypt_mode *mode = ci->ci_mode;
+	u8 mode_num = mode - available_modes;
+	struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, *prev_tfm;
+	u8 mode_key[FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
+	int err;
+
+	if (WARN_ON(mode_num >= ARRAY_SIZE(mk->mk_mode_keys)))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* pairs with cmpxchg() below */
+	tfm = READ_ONCE(mk->mk_mode_keys[mode_num]);
+	if (likely(tfm != NULL))
+		goto done;
+
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(mode_num) != 1);
+	err = fscrypt_hkdf_expand(&mk->mk_secret.hkdf,
+				  HKDF_CONTEXT_PER_MODE_KEY,
+				  &mode_num, sizeof(mode_num),
+				  mode_key, mode->keysize);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+	tfm = fscrypt_allocate_skcipher(mode, mode_key, ci->ci_inode);
+	memzero_explicit(mode_key, mode->keysize);
+	if (IS_ERR(tfm))
+		return PTR_ERR(tfm);
+
+	/* pairs with READ_ONCE() above */
+	prev_tfm = cmpxchg(&mk->mk_mode_keys[mode_num], NULL, tfm);
+	if (prev_tfm != NULL) {
+		crypto_free_skcipher(tfm);
+		tfm = prev_tfm;
+	}
+done:
+	ci->ci_ctfm = tfm;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int fscrypt_setup_v2_file_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
+				     struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
+{
+	u8 derived_key[FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
+	int err;
+
+	if (ci->ci_policy.v2.flags & FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY) {
+		/*
+		 * DIRECT_KEY: instead of deriving per-file keys, the per-file
+		 * nonce will be included in all the IVs.  But unlike v1
+		 * policies, for v2 policies in this case we don't encrypt with
+		 * the master key directly but rather derive a per-mode key.
+		 * This ensures that the master key is consistently used only
+		 * for HKDF, avoiding key reuse issues.
+		 */
+		if (!fscrypt_mode_supports_direct_key(ci->ci_mode)) {
+			fscrypt_warn(ci->ci_inode,
+				     "Direct key flag not allowed with %s",
+				     ci->ci_mode->friendly_name);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+		return setup_per_mode_key(ci, mk);
+	}
+
+	err = fscrypt_hkdf_expand(&mk->mk_secret.hkdf,
+				  HKDF_CONTEXT_PER_FILE_KEY,
+				  ci->ci_nonce, FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE,
+				  derived_key, ci->ci_mode->keysize);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	err = fscrypt_set_derived_key(ci, derived_key);
+	memzero_explicit(derived_key, ci->ci_mode->keysize);
+	return err;
+}
+
 /*
  * Find the master key, then set up the inode's actual encryption key.
  *
@@ -229,15 +299,36 @@ static int setup_file_encryption_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 	struct fscrypt_key_specifier mk_spec;
 	int err;
 
-	mk_spec.type = FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR;
-	memcpy(mk_spec.u.descriptor, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
-	       FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
+	switch (ci->ci_policy.version) {
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1:
+		mk_spec.type = FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR;
+		memcpy(mk_spec.u.descriptor,
+		       ci->ci_policy.v1.master_key_descriptor,
+		       FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
+		break;
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V2:
+		mk_spec.type = FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_IDENTIFIER;
+		memcpy(mk_spec.u.identifier,
+		       ci->ci_policy.v2.master_key_identifier,
+		       FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE);
+		break;
+	default:
+		WARN_ON(1);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
 
 	key = fscrypt_find_master_key(ci->ci_inode->i_sb, &mk_spec);
 	if (IS_ERR(key)) {
-		if (key != ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY))
+		if (key != ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY) ||
+		    ci->ci_policy.version != FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1)
 			return PTR_ERR(key);
 
+		/*
+		 * As a legacy fallback for v1 policies, search for the key in
+		 * the current task's subscribed keyrings too.  Don't move this
+		 * to before the search of ->s_master_keys, since users
+		 * shouldn't be able to override filesystem-level keys.
+		 */
 		return fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key_via_subscribed_keyrings(ci);
 	}
 
@@ -250,6 +341,12 @@ static int setup_file_encryption_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 		goto out_release_key;
 	}
 
+	/*
+	 * Require that the master key be at least as long as the derived key.
+	 * Otherwise, the derived key cannot possibly contain as much entropy as
+	 * that required by the encryption mode it will be used for.  For v1
+	 * policies it's also required for the KDF to work at all.
+	 */
 	if (mk->mk_secret.size < ci->ci_mode->keysize) {
 		fscrypt_warn(NULL,
 			     "key with %s %*phN is too short (got %u bytes, need %u+ bytes)",
@@ -260,7 +357,18 @@ static int setup_file_encryption_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 		goto out_release_key;
 	}
 
-	err = fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key(ci, mk->mk_secret.raw);
+	switch (ci->ci_policy.version) {
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1:
+		err = fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key(ci, mk->mk_secret.raw);
+		break;
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V2:
+		err = fscrypt_setup_v2_file_key(ci, mk);
+		break;
+	default:
+		WARN_ON(1);
+		err = -EINVAL;
+		break;
+	}
 	if (err)
 		goto out_release_key;
 
@@ -282,7 +390,8 @@ static void put_crypt_info(struct fscrypt_info *ci)
 
 	if (ci->ci_direct_key) {
 		fscrypt_put_direct_key(ci->ci_direct_key);
-	} else {
+	} else if ((ci->ci_ctfm != NULL || ci->ci_essiv_tfm != NULL) &&
+		   !fscrypt_is_direct_key_policy(&ci->ci_policy)) {
 		crypto_free_skcipher(ci->ci_ctfm);
 		crypto_free_cipher(ci->ci_essiv_tfm);
 	}
@@ -312,7 +421,7 @@ static void put_crypt_info(struct fscrypt_info *ci)
 int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 {
 	struct fscrypt_info *crypt_info;
-	struct fscrypt_context ctx;
+	union fscrypt_context ctx;
 	struct fscrypt_mode *mode;
 	struct key *master_key = NULL;
 	int res;
@@ -335,27 +444,12 @@ int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 		}
 		/* Fake up a context for an unencrypted directory */
 		memset(&ctx, 0, sizeof(ctx));
-		ctx.format = FS_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT_FORMAT_V1;
-		ctx.contents_encryption_mode = FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_XTS;
-		ctx.filenames_encryption_mode = FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_CTS;
-		memset(ctx.master_key_descriptor, 0x42,
+		ctx.version = FSCRYPT_CONTEXT_V1;
+		ctx.v1.contents_encryption_mode = FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_XTS;
+		ctx.v1.filenames_encryption_mode = FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_256_CTS;
+		memset(ctx.v1.master_key_descriptor, 0x42,
 		       FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
-	} else if (res != sizeof(ctx)) {
-		fscrypt_warn(inode,
-			     "Unknown encryption context size (%d bytes)", res);
-		return -EINVAL;
-	}
-
-	if (ctx.format != FS_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT_FORMAT_V1) {
-		fscrypt_warn(inode, "Unknown encryption context version (%d)",
-			     ctx.format);
-		return -EINVAL;
-	}
-
-	if (ctx.flags & ~FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID) {
-		fscrypt_warn(inode, "Unknown encryption context flags (0x%02x)",
-			     ctx.flags);
-		return -EINVAL;
+		res = sizeof(ctx.v1);
 	}
 
 	crypt_info = kmem_cache_zalloc(fscrypt_info_cachep, GFP_NOFS);
@@ -364,14 +458,34 @@ int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 
 	crypt_info->ci_inode = inode;
 
-	crypt_info->ci_flags = ctx.flags;
-	crypt_info->ci_data_mode = ctx.contents_encryption_mode;
-	crypt_info->ci_filename_mode = ctx.filenames_encryption_mode;
-	memcpy(crypt_info->ci_master_key_descriptor, ctx.master_key_descriptor,
-	       FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
-	memcpy(crypt_info->ci_nonce, ctx.nonce, FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE);
+	res = fscrypt_policy_from_context(&crypt_info->ci_policy, &ctx, res);
+	if (res) {
+		fscrypt_warn(inode,
+			     "Unrecognized or corrupt encryption context");
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	switch (ctx.version) {
+	case FSCRYPT_CONTEXT_V1:
+		memcpy(crypt_info->ci_nonce, ctx.v1.nonce,
+		       FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE);
+		break;
+	case FSCRYPT_CONTEXT_V2:
+		memcpy(crypt_info->ci_nonce, ctx.v2.nonce,
+		       FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE);
+		break;
+	default:
+		WARN_ON(1);
+		res = -EINVAL;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	if (!fscrypt_supported_policy(&crypt_info->ci_policy, inode)) {
+		res = -EINVAL;
+		goto out;
+	}
 
-	mode = select_encryption_mode(crypt_info, inode);
+	mode = select_encryption_mode(&crypt_info->ci_policy, inode);
 	if (IS_ERR(mode)) {
 		res = PTR_ERR(mode);
 		goto out;
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keysetup_v1.c b/fs/crypto/keysetup_v1.c
index 631690bb6ed54c..ad1a36c370c3fb 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keysetup_v1.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keysetup_v1.c
@@ -189,12 +189,13 @@ find_or_insert_direct_key(struct fscrypt_direct_key *to_insert,
 	 */
 
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(hash_key) > FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
-	memcpy(&hash_key, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor, sizeof(hash_key));
+	memcpy(&hash_key, ci->ci_policy.v1.master_key_descriptor,
+	       sizeof(hash_key));
 
 	spin_lock(&fscrypt_direct_keys_lock);
 	hash_for_each_possible(fscrypt_direct_keys, dk, dk_node, hash_key) {
-		if (memcmp(ci->ci_master_key_descriptor, dk->dk_descriptor,
-			   FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) != 0)
+		if (memcmp(ci->ci_policy.v1.master_key_descriptor,
+			   dk->dk_descriptor, FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) != 0)
 			continue;
 		if (ci->ci_mode != dk->dk_mode)
 			continue;
@@ -237,7 +238,7 @@ fscrypt_get_direct_key(const struct fscrypt_info *ci, const u8 *raw_key)
 		dk->dk_ctfm = NULL;
 		goto err_free_dk;
 	}
-	memcpy(dk->dk_descriptor, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
+	memcpy(dk->dk_descriptor, ci->ci_policy.v1.master_key_descriptor,
 	       FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
 	memcpy(dk->dk_raw, raw_key, ci->ci_mode->keysize);
 
@@ -262,7 +263,8 @@ static int setup_v1_file_key_direct(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
-	if (ci->ci_data_mode != ci->ci_filename_mode) {
+	if (ci->ci_policy.v1.contents_encryption_mode !=
+	    ci->ci_policy.v1.filenames_encryption_mode) {
 		fscrypt_warn(ci->ci_inode,
 			     "Direct key mode not allowed with different contents and filenames modes");
 		return -EINVAL;
@@ -308,7 +310,7 @@ static int setup_v1_file_key_derived(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 
 int fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci, const u8 *raw_master_key)
 {
-	if (ci->ci_flags & FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY)
+	if (ci->ci_policy.v1.flags & FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY)
 		return setup_v1_file_key_direct(ci, raw_master_key);
 	else
 		return setup_v1_file_key_derived(ci, raw_master_key);
@@ -321,11 +323,11 @@ int fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key_via_subscribed_keyrings(struct fscrypt_info *ci)
 	int err;
 
 	key = find_and_lock_process_key(FSCRYPT_KEY_DESC_PREFIX,
-					ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
+					ci->ci_policy.v1.master_key_descriptor,
 					ci->ci_mode->keysize, &payload);
 	if (key == ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY) && ci->ci_inode->i_sb->s_cop->key_prefix) {
 		key = find_and_lock_process_key(ci->ci_inode->i_sb->s_cop->key_prefix,
-						ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
+						ci->ci_policy.v1.master_key_descriptor,
 						ci->ci_mode->keysize, &payload);
 	}
 	if (IS_ERR(key))
diff --git a/fs/crypto/policy.c b/fs/crypto/policy.c
index da7ae9c8b4ad0b..0141d338c1fdb2 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/policy.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/policy.c
@@ -5,8 +5,9 @@
  * Copyright (C) 2015, Google, Inc.
  * Copyright (C) 2015, Motorola Mobility.
  *
- * Written by Michael Halcrow, 2015.
+ * Originally written by Michael Halcrow, 2015.
  * Modified by Jaegeuk Kim, 2015.
+ * Modified by Eric Biggers, 2019 for v2 policy support.
  */
 
 #include <linux/random.h>
@@ -14,70 +15,291 @@
 #include <linux/mount.h>
 #include "fscrypt_private.h"
 
-/*
- * check whether an encryption policy is consistent with an encryption context
+/**
+ * fscrypt_policies_equal - check whether two encryption policies are the same
+ *
+ * Return: %true if equal, else %false
  */
-static bool is_encryption_context_consistent_with_policy(
-				const struct fscrypt_context *ctx,
-				const struct fscrypt_policy *policy)
+bool fscrypt_policies_equal(const union fscrypt_policy *policy1,
+			    const union fscrypt_policy *policy2)
 {
-	return memcmp(ctx->master_key_descriptor, policy->master_key_descriptor,
-		      FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) == 0 &&
-		(ctx->flags == policy->flags) &&
-		(ctx->contents_encryption_mode ==
-		 policy->contents_encryption_mode) &&
-		(ctx->filenames_encryption_mode ==
-		 policy->filenames_encryption_mode);
+	if (policy1->version != policy2->version)
+		return false;
+
+	return !memcmp(policy1, policy2, fscrypt_policy_size(policy1));
 }
 
-static int create_encryption_context_from_policy(struct inode *inode,
-				const struct fscrypt_policy *policy)
+/**
+ * fscrypt_supported_policy - check whether an encryption policy is supported
+ *
+ * Given an encryption policy, check whether all its encryption modes and other
+ * settings are supported by this kernel.  (But we don't currently don't check
+ * for crypto API support here, so attempting to use an algorithm not configured
+ * into the crypto API will still fail later.)
+ *
+ * Return: %true if supported, else %false
+ */
+bool fscrypt_supported_policy(const union fscrypt_policy *policy_u,
+			      const struct inode *inode)
 {
-	struct fscrypt_context ctx;
+	switch (policy_u->version) {
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1: {
+		const struct fscrypt_policy_v1 *policy = &policy_u->v1;
+
+		if (!fscrypt_valid_enc_modes(policy->contents_encryption_mode,
+					     policy->filenames_encryption_mode)) {
+			fscrypt_warn(inode,
+				     "Unsupported encryption modes (contents %d, filenames %d)",
+				     policy->contents_encryption_mode,
+				     policy->filenames_encryption_mode);
+			return false;
+		}
+
+		if (policy->flags & ~FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID) {
+			fscrypt_warn(inode,
+				     "Unsupported encryption flags (0x%02x)",
+				     policy->flags);
+			return false;
+		}
+
+		return true;
+	}
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V2: {
+		const struct fscrypt_policy_v2 *policy = &policy_u->v2;
+
+		if (!fscrypt_valid_enc_modes(policy->contents_encryption_mode,
+					     policy->filenames_encryption_mode)) {
+			fscrypt_warn(inode,
+				     "Unsupported encryption modes (contents %d, filenames %d)",
+				     policy->contents_encryption_mode,
+				     policy->filenames_encryption_mode);
+			return false;
+		}
+
+		if (policy->flags & ~FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID) {
+			fscrypt_warn(inode,
+				     "Unsupported encryption flags (0x%02x)",
+				     policy->flags);
+			return false;
+		}
+
+		if (memchr_inv(policy->__reserved, 0,
+			       sizeof(policy->__reserved))) {
+			fscrypt_warn(inode,
+				     "Reserved bits set in encryption policy");
+			return false;
+		}
+
+		return true;
+	}
+	}
+	return false;
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscrypt_new_context_from_policy - create a new fscrypt_context from a policy
+ *
+ * Create an fscrypt_context for an inode that is being assigned the given
+ * encryption policy.  A new nonce is randomly generated.
+ *
+ * Return: the size of the new context in bytes.
+ */
+static int fscrypt_new_context_from_policy(union fscrypt_context *ctx_u,
+					   const union fscrypt_policy *policy_u)
+{
+	memset(ctx_u, 0, sizeof(*ctx_u));
+
+	switch (policy_u->version) {
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1: {
+		const struct fscrypt_policy_v1 *policy = &policy_u->v1;
+		struct fscrypt_context_v1 *ctx = &ctx_u->v1;
+
+		ctx->version = FSCRYPT_CONTEXT_V1;
+		ctx->contents_encryption_mode =
+			policy->contents_encryption_mode;
+		ctx->filenames_encryption_mode =
+			policy->filenames_encryption_mode;
+		ctx->flags = policy->flags;
+		memcpy(ctx->master_key_descriptor,
+		       policy->master_key_descriptor,
+		       sizeof(ctx->master_key_descriptor));
+		get_random_bytes(ctx->nonce, sizeof(ctx->nonce));
+		return sizeof(*ctx);
+	}
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V2: {
+		const struct fscrypt_policy_v2 *policy = &policy_u->v2;
+		struct fscrypt_context_v2 *ctx = &ctx_u->v2;
+
+		ctx->version = FSCRYPT_CONTEXT_V2;
+		ctx->contents_encryption_mode =
+			policy->contents_encryption_mode;
+		ctx->filenames_encryption_mode =
+			policy->filenames_encryption_mode;
+		ctx->flags = policy->flags;
+		memcpy(ctx->master_key_identifier,
+		       policy->master_key_identifier,
+		       sizeof(ctx->master_key_identifier));
+		get_random_bytes(ctx->nonce, sizeof(ctx->nonce));
+		return sizeof(*ctx);
+	}
+	}
+	BUG();
+}
 
-	ctx.format = FS_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT_FORMAT_V1;
-	memcpy(ctx.master_key_descriptor, policy->master_key_descriptor,
-					FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
+/**
+ * fscrypt_policy_from_context - convert an fscrypt_context to an fscrypt_policy
+ *
+ * Given an fscrypt_context, build the corresponding fscrypt_policy.
+ *
+ * Return: 0 on success, or -EINVAL if the fscrypt_context has an unrecognized
+ * version number or size.
+ *
+ * This does *not* validate the settings within the policy itself, e.g. the
+ * modes, flags, and reserved bits.  Use fscrypt_supported_policy() for that.
+ */
+int fscrypt_policy_from_context(union fscrypt_policy *policy_u,
+				const union fscrypt_context *ctx_u,
+				int ctx_size)
+{
+	memset(policy_u, 0, sizeof(*policy_u));
 
-	if (!fscrypt_valid_enc_modes(policy->contents_encryption_mode,
-				     policy->filenames_encryption_mode))
+	if (ctx_size <= 0 || ctx_size != fscrypt_context_size(ctx_u))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-	if (policy->flags & ~FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID)
+	switch (ctx_u->version) {
+	case FSCRYPT_CONTEXT_V1: {
+		const struct fscrypt_context_v1 *ctx = &ctx_u->v1;
+		struct fscrypt_policy_v1 *policy = &policy_u->v1;
+
+		policy->version = FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1;
+		policy->contents_encryption_mode =
+			ctx->contents_encryption_mode;
+		policy->filenames_encryption_mode =
+			ctx->filenames_encryption_mode;
+		policy->flags = ctx->flags;
+		memcpy(policy->master_key_descriptor,
+		       ctx->master_key_descriptor,
+		       sizeof(policy->master_key_descriptor));
+		return 0;
+	}
+	case FSCRYPT_CONTEXT_V2: {
+		const struct fscrypt_context_v2 *ctx = &ctx_u->v2;
+		struct fscrypt_policy_v2 *policy = &policy_u->v2;
+
+		policy->version = FSCRYPT_POLICY_V2;
+		policy->contents_encryption_mode =
+			ctx->contents_encryption_mode;
+		policy->filenames_encryption_mode =
+			ctx->filenames_encryption_mode;
+		policy->flags = ctx->flags;
+		memcpy(policy->__reserved, ctx->__reserved,
+		       sizeof(policy->__reserved));
+		memcpy(policy->master_key_identifier,
+		       ctx->master_key_identifier,
+		       sizeof(policy->master_key_identifier));
+		return 0;
+	}
+	}
+	/* unreachable */
+	return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+/* Retrieve an inode's encryption policy */
+static int fscrypt_get_policy(struct inode *inode, union fscrypt_policy *policy)
+{
+	const struct fscrypt_info *ci;
+	union fscrypt_context ctx;
+	int ret;
+
+	ci = READ_ONCE(inode->i_crypt_info);
+	if (ci) {
+		/* key available, use the cached policy */
+		*policy = ci->ci_policy;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	if (!IS_ENCRYPTED(inode))
+		return -ENODATA;
+
+	ret = inode->i_sb->s_cop->get_context(inode, &ctx, sizeof(ctx));
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return (ret == -ERANGE) ? -EINVAL : ret;
+
+	return fscrypt_policy_from_context(policy, &ctx, ret);
+}
+
+static int set_encryption_policy(struct inode *inode,
+				 const union fscrypt_policy *policy)
+{
+	union fscrypt_context ctx;
+	int ctxsize;
+
+	if (!fscrypt_supported_policy(policy, inode))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-	ctx.contents_encryption_mode = policy->contents_encryption_mode;
-	ctx.filenames_encryption_mode = policy->filenames_encryption_mode;
-	ctx.flags = policy->flags;
-	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(ctx.nonce) != FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE);
-	get_random_bytes(ctx.nonce, FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE);
+	if (policy->version == FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1) {
+		/*
+		 * The original encryption policy version provided no way of
+		 * verifying that the correct master key was supplied, which was
+		 * insecure in scenarios where multiple users have access to the
+		 * same encrypted files (even just read-only access).  The new
+		 * encryption policy version fixes this and also implies use of
+		 * an improved key derivation function and allows non-root users
+		 * to securely remove keys.  So as long as compatibility with
+		 * old kernels isn't required, it is recommended to use the new
+		 * policy version for all new encrypted directories.
+		 */
+		pr_warn_once("%s (pid %d) is setting deprecated v1 encryption policy; recommend upgrading to v2.\n",
+			     current->comm, current->pid);
+	}
 
-	return inode->i_sb->s_cop->set_context(inode, &ctx, sizeof(ctx), NULL);
+	ctxsize = fscrypt_new_context_from_policy(&ctx, policy);
+
+	return inode->i_sb->s_cop->set_context(inode, &ctx, ctxsize, NULL);
 }
 
 int fscrypt_ioctl_set_policy(struct file *filp, const void __user *arg)
 {
-	struct fscrypt_policy policy;
+	union fscrypt_policy policy;
+	union fscrypt_policy existing_policy;
 	struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
+	u8 version;
+	int size;
 	int ret;
-	struct fscrypt_context ctx;
 
-	if (copy_from_user(&policy, arg, sizeof(policy)))
+	if (get_user(policy.version, (const u8 __user *)arg))
 		return -EFAULT;
 
+	size = fscrypt_policy_size(&policy);
+	if (size <= 0)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/*
+	 * We should just copy the remaining 'size - 1' bytes here, but a
+	 * bizarre bug in gcc 7 and earlier (fixed by gcc r255731) causes gcc to
+	 * think that size can be 0 here (despite the check above!) *and* that
+	 * it's a compile-time constant.  Thus it would think copy_from_user()
+	 * is passed compile-time constant ULONG_MAX, causing the compile-time
+	 * buffer overflow check to fail, breaking the build. This only occurred
+	 * when building an i386 kernel with -Os and branch profiling enabled.
+	 *
+	 * Work around it by just copying the first byte again...
+	 */
+	version = policy.version;
+	if (copy_from_user(&policy, arg, size))
+		return -EFAULT;
+	policy.version = version;
+
 	if (!inode_owner_or_capable(inode))
 		return -EACCES;
 
-	if (policy.version != 0)
-		return -EINVAL;
-
 	ret = mnt_want_write_file(filp);
 	if (ret)
 		return ret;
 
 	inode_lock(inode);
 
-	ret = inode->i_sb->s_cop->get_context(inode, &ctx, sizeof(ctx));
+	ret = fscrypt_get_policy(inode, &existing_policy);
 	if (ret == -ENODATA) {
 		if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
 			ret = -ENOTDIR;
@@ -86,14 +308,10 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_set_policy(struct file *filp, const void __user *arg)
 		else if (!inode->i_sb->s_cop->empty_dir(inode))
 			ret = -ENOTEMPTY;
 		else
-			ret = create_encryption_context_from_policy(inode,
-								    &policy);
-	} else if (ret == sizeof(ctx) &&
-		   is_encryption_context_consistent_with_policy(&ctx,
-								&policy)) {
-		/* The file already uses the same encryption policy. */
-		ret = 0;
-	} else if (ret >= 0 || ret == -ERANGE) {
+			ret = set_encryption_policy(inode, &policy);
+	} else if (ret == -EINVAL ||
+		   (ret == 0 && !fscrypt_policies_equal(&policy,
+							&existing_policy))) {
 		/* The file already uses a different encryption policy. */
 		ret = -EEXIST;
 	}
@@ -105,37 +323,57 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_set_policy(struct file *filp, const void __user *arg)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_ioctl_set_policy);
 
+/* Original ioctl version; can only get the original policy version */
 int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy(struct file *filp, void __user *arg)
 {
-	struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
-	struct fscrypt_context ctx;
-	struct fscrypt_policy policy;
-	int res;
+	union fscrypt_policy policy;
+	int err;
 
-	if (!IS_ENCRYPTED(inode))
-		return -ENODATA;
+	err = fscrypt_get_policy(file_inode(filp), &policy);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
 
-	res = inode->i_sb->s_cop->get_context(inode, &ctx, sizeof(ctx));
-	if (res < 0 && res != -ERANGE)
-		return res;
-	if (res != sizeof(ctx))
-		return -EINVAL;
-	if (ctx.format != FS_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT_FORMAT_V1)
+	if (policy.version != FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-	policy.version = 0;
-	policy.contents_encryption_mode = ctx.contents_encryption_mode;
-	policy.filenames_encryption_mode = ctx.filenames_encryption_mode;
-	policy.flags = ctx.flags;
-	memcpy(policy.master_key_descriptor, ctx.master_key_descriptor,
-				FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
-
-	if (copy_to_user(arg, &policy, sizeof(policy)))
+	if (copy_to_user(arg, &policy, sizeof(policy.v1)))
 		return -EFAULT;
 	return 0;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy);
 
+/* Extended ioctl version; can get policies of any version */
+int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy_ex(struct file *filp, void __user *uarg)
+{
+	struct fscrypt_get_policy_ex_arg arg;
+	union fscrypt_policy *policy = (union fscrypt_policy *)&arg.policy;
+	size_t policy_size;
+	int err;
+
+	/* arg is policy_size, then policy */
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(typeof(arg), policy_size) != 0);
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetofend(typeof(arg), policy_size) !=
+		     offsetof(typeof(arg), policy));
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(arg.policy) != sizeof(*policy));
+
+	err = fscrypt_get_policy(file_inode(filp), policy);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+	policy_size = fscrypt_policy_size(policy);
+
+	if (copy_from_user(&arg, uarg, sizeof(arg.policy_size)))
+		return -EFAULT;
+
+	if (policy_size > arg.policy_size)
+		return -EOVERFLOW;
+	arg.policy_size = policy_size;
+
+	if (copy_to_user(uarg, &arg, sizeof(arg.policy_size) + policy_size))
+		return -EFAULT;
+	return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy_ex);
+
 /**
  * fscrypt_has_permitted_context() - is a file's encryption policy permitted
  *				     within its directory?
@@ -157,10 +395,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy);
  */
 int fscrypt_has_permitted_context(struct inode *parent, struct inode *child)
 {
-	const struct fscrypt_operations *cops = parent->i_sb->s_cop;
-	const struct fscrypt_info *parent_ci, *child_ci;
-	struct fscrypt_context parent_ctx, child_ctx;
-	int res;
+	union fscrypt_policy parent_policy, child_policy;
+	int err;
 
 	/* No restrictions on file types which are never encrypted */
 	if (!S_ISREG(child->i_mode) && !S_ISDIR(child->i_mode) &&
@@ -190,41 +426,22 @@ int fscrypt_has_permitted_context(struct inode *parent, struct inode *child)
 	 * In any case, if an unexpected error occurs, fall back to "forbidden".
 	 */
 
-	res = fscrypt_get_encryption_info(parent);
-	if (res)
+	err = fscrypt_get_encryption_info(parent);
+	if (err)
 		return 0;
-	res = fscrypt_get_encryption_info(child);
-	if (res)
+	err = fscrypt_get_encryption_info(child);
+	if (err)
 		return 0;
-	parent_ci = READ_ONCE(parent->i_crypt_info);
-	child_ci = READ_ONCE(child->i_crypt_info);
-
-	if (parent_ci && child_ci) {
-		return memcmp(parent_ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
-			      child_ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
-			      FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) == 0 &&
-			(parent_ci->ci_data_mode == child_ci->ci_data_mode) &&
-			(parent_ci->ci_filename_mode ==
-			 child_ci->ci_filename_mode) &&
-			(parent_ci->ci_flags == child_ci->ci_flags);
-	}
 
-	res = cops->get_context(parent, &parent_ctx, sizeof(parent_ctx));
-	if (res != sizeof(parent_ctx))
+	err = fscrypt_get_policy(parent, &parent_policy);
+	if (err)
 		return 0;
 
-	res = cops->get_context(child, &child_ctx, sizeof(child_ctx));
-	if (res != sizeof(child_ctx))
+	err = fscrypt_get_policy(child, &child_policy);
+	if (err)
 		return 0;
 
-	return memcmp(parent_ctx.master_key_descriptor,
-		      child_ctx.master_key_descriptor,
-		      FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE) == 0 &&
-		(parent_ctx.contents_encryption_mode ==
-		 child_ctx.contents_encryption_mode) &&
-		(parent_ctx.filenames_encryption_mode ==
-		 child_ctx.filenames_encryption_mode) &&
-		(parent_ctx.flags == child_ctx.flags);
+	return fscrypt_policies_equal(&parent_policy, &child_policy);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_has_permitted_context);
 
@@ -240,7 +457,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_has_permitted_context);
 int fscrypt_inherit_context(struct inode *parent, struct inode *child,
 						void *fs_data, bool preload)
 {
-	struct fscrypt_context ctx;
+	union fscrypt_context ctx;
+	int ctxsize;
 	struct fscrypt_info *ci;
 	int res;
 
@@ -252,16 +470,10 @@ int fscrypt_inherit_context(struct inode *parent, struct inode *child,
 	if (ci == NULL)
 		return -ENOKEY;
 
-	ctx.format = FS_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT_FORMAT_V1;
-	ctx.contents_encryption_mode = ci->ci_data_mode;
-	ctx.filenames_encryption_mode = ci->ci_filename_mode;
-	ctx.flags = ci->ci_flags;
-	memcpy(ctx.master_key_descriptor, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
-	       FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
-	get_random_bytes(ctx.nonce, FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE);
+	ctxsize = fscrypt_new_context_from_policy(&ctx, &ci->ci_policy);
+
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(ctx) != FSCRYPT_SET_CONTEXT_MAX_SIZE);
-	res = parent->i_sb->s_cop->set_context(child, &ctx,
-						sizeof(ctx), fs_data);
+	res = parent->i_sb->s_cop->set_context(child, &ctx, ctxsize, fs_data);
 	if (res)
 		return res;
 	return preload ? fscrypt_get_encryption_info(child): 0;
diff --git a/include/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/linux/fscrypt.h
index 6628d09585bdc3..8b8ff048404297 100644
--- a/include/linux/fscrypt.h
+++ b/include/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ struct fscrypt_name {
 #define fname_len(p)		((p)->disk_name.len)
 
 /* Maximum value for the third parameter of fscrypt_operations.set_context(). */
-#define FSCRYPT_SET_CONTEXT_MAX_SIZE	28
+#define FSCRYPT_SET_CONTEXT_MAX_SIZE	40
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION
 /*
@@ -135,6 +135,7 @@ extern void fscrypt_free_bounce_page(struct page *bounce_page);
 /* policy.c */
 extern int fscrypt_ioctl_set_policy(struct file *, const void __user *);
 extern int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy(struct file *, void __user *);
+extern int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy_ex(struct file *, void __user *);
 extern int fscrypt_has_permitted_context(struct inode *, struct inode *);
 extern int fscrypt_inherit_context(struct inode *, struct inode *,
 					void *, bool);
@@ -361,6 +362,12 @@ static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy(struct file *filp, void __user *arg)
 	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
 }
 
+static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy_ex(struct file *filp,
+					      void __user *arg)
+{
+	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+}
+
 static inline int fscrypt_has_permitted_context(struct inode *parent,
 						struct inode *child)
 {
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
index ed5995b150166a..f961ebf83e9861 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -10,15 +10,13 @@
 
 #include <linux/types.h>
 
-#define FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE	8
-
 /* Encryption policy flags */
 #define FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_4		0x00
 #define FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_8		0x01
 #define FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_16		0x02
 #define FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_32		0x03
 #define FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_MASK		0x03
-#define FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY		0x04	/* use master key directly */
+#define FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY		0x04
 #define FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID		0x07
 
 /* Encryption algorithms */
@@ -27,14 +25,24 @@
 #define FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_128_CBC		5
 #define FSCRYPT_MODE_AES_128_CTS		6
 #define FSCRYPT_MODE_ADIANTUM			9
+#define __FSCRYPT_MODE_MAX			9
 
-struct fscrypt_policy {
+/*
+ * Legacy policy version; ad-hoc KDF and no key verification.
+ * For new encrypted directories, use fscrypt_policy_v2 instead.
+ *
+ * Careful: the .version field for this is actually 0, not 1.
+ */
+#define FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1		0
+#define FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE	8
+struct fscrypt_policy_v1 {
 	__u8 version;
 	__u8 contents_encryption_mode;
 	__u8 filenames_encryption_mode;
 	__u8 flags;
 	__u8 master_key_descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
 };
+#define fscrypt_policy	fscrypt_policy_v1
 
 /*
  * Process-subscribed "logon" key description prefix and payload format.
@@ -50,14 +58,45 @@ struct fscrypt_key {
 };
 
 /*
- * Keys are specified by an arbitrary 8-byte key "descriptor",
- * matching fscrypt_policy::master_key_descriptor.
+ * New policy version with HKDF and key verification (recommended).
+ */
+#define FSCRYPT_POLICY_V2		2
+#define FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE	16
+struct fscrypt_policy_v2 {
+	__u8 version;
+	__u8 contents_encryption_mode;
+	__u8 filenames_encryption_mode;
+	__u8 flags;
+	__u8 __reserved[4];
+	__u8 master_key_identifier[FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE];
+};
+
+/* Struct passed to FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX */
+struct fscrypt_get_policy_ex_arg {
+	__u64 policy_size; /* input/output */
+	union {
+		__u8 version;
+		struct fscrypt_policy_v1 v1;
+		struct fscrypt_policy_v2 v2;
+	} policy; /* output */
+};
+
+/*
+ * v1 policy keys are specified by an arbitrary 8-byte key "descriptor",
+ * matching fscrypt_policy_v1::master_key_descriptor.
  */
 #define FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR	1
 
 /*
- * Specifies a key.  This doesn't contain the actual key itself; this is just
- * the "name" of the key.
+ * v2 policy keys are specified by a 16-byte key "identifier" which the kernel
+ * calculates as a cryptographic hash of the key itself,
+ * matching fscrypt_policy_v2::master_key_identifier.
+ */
+#define FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_IDENTIFIER	2
+
+/*
+ * Specifies a key, either for v1 or v2 policies.  This doesn't contain the
+ * actual key itself; this is just the "name" of the key.
  */
 struct fscrypt_key_specifier {
 	__u32 type;	/* one of FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_* */
@@ -65,6 +104,7 @@ struct fscrypt_key_specifier {
 	union {
 		__u8 __reserved[32]; /* reserve some extra space */
 		__u8 descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+		__u8 identifier[FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE];
 	} u;
 };
 
@@ -101,6 +141,7 @@ struct fscrypt_get_key_status_arg {
 #define FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY		_IOR('f', 19, struct fscrypt_policy)
 #define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_PWSALT		_IOW('f', 20, __u8[16])
 #define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY		_IOW('f', 21, struct fscrypt_policy)
+#define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX		_IOWR('f', 22, __u8[9]) /* size + version */
 #define FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY		_IOWR('f', 23, struct fscrypt_add_key_arg)
 #define FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY		_IOWR('f', 24, struct fscrypt_remove_key_arg)
 #define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS	_IOWR('f', 26, struct fscrypt_get_key_status_arg)
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


______________________________________________________
Linux MTD discussion mailing list
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-mtd/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 14/20] fscrypt: allow unprivileged users to add/remove keys for v2 policies
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (12 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 13/20] fscrypt: v2 encryption policy support Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-13  0:14   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 15/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS ioctl Eric Biggers
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 1 reply; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Allow the FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY and FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY
ioctls to be used by non-root users to add and remove encryption keys
from the filesystem-level crypto keyrings, subject to limitations.

Motivation: while privileged fscrypt key management is sufficient for
some users (e.g. Android and Chromium OS, where a privileged process
manages all keys), the old API by design also allows non-root users to
set up and use encrypted directories, and we don't want to regress on
that.  Especially, we don't want to force users to continue using the
old API, running into the visibility mismatch between files and keyrings
and being unable to "lock" encrypted directories.

Intuitively, the ioctls have to be privileged since they manipulate
filesystem-level state.  However, it's actually safe to make them
unprivileged if we very carefully enforce some specific limitations.

First, each key must be identified by a cryptographic hash so that a
user can't add the wrong key for another user's files.  For v2
encryption policies, we use the key_identifier for this.  v1 policies
don't have this, so managing keys for them remains privileged.

Second, each key a user adds is charged to their quota for the keyrings
service.  Thus, a user can't exhaust memory by adding a huge number of
keys.  By default each non-root user is allowed up to 200 keys; this can
be changed using the existing sysctl 'kernel.keys.maxkeys'.

Third, if multiple users add the same key, we keep track of those users
of the key (of which there remains a single copy), and won't really
remove the key, i.e. "lock" the encrypted files, until all those users
have removed it.  This prevents denial of service attacks that would be
possible under simpler schemes, such allowing the first user who added a
key to remove it -- since that could be a malicious user who has
compromised the key.  Of course, encryption keys should be kept secret,
but the idea is that using encryption should never be *less* secure than
not using encryption, even if your key was compromised.

We tolerate that a user will be unable to really remove a key, i.e.
unable to "lock" their encrypted files, if another user has added the
same key.  But in a sense, this is actually a good thing because it will
avoid providing a false notion of security where a key appears to have
been removed when actually it's still in memory, available to any
attacker who compromises the operating system kernel.

Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h  |  31 +++-
 fs/crypto/keyring.c          | 326 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 fs/crypto/keysetup.c         |  18 +-
 include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h |   6 +-
 4 files changed, 346 insertions(+), 35 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
index c89e37d38e42f8..d0e23823423416 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
+++ b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
@@ -335,9 +335,16 @@ struct fscrypt_master_key {
 	 * FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY can be retried, or
 	 * FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY can add the secret again.
 	 *
-	 * Locking: protected by key->sem.
+	 * Locking: protected by key->sem (outer) and mk_secret_sem (inner).
+	 * The reason for two locks is that key->sem also protects modifying
+	 * mk_users, which ranks it above the semaphore for the keyring key
+	 * type, which is in turn above page faults (via keyring_read).  But
+	 * sometimes filesystems call fscrypt_get_encryption_info() from within
+	 * a transaction, which ranks it below page faults.  So we need a
+	 * separate lock which protects mk_secret but not also mk_users.
 	 */
 	struct fscrypt_master_key_secret	mk_secret;
+	struct rw_semaphore			mk_secret_sem;
 
 	/*
 	 * For v1 policy keys: an arbitrary key descriptor which was assigned by
@@ -347,6 +354,22 @@ struct fscrypt_master_key {
 	 */
 	struct fscrypt_key_specifier		mk_spec;
 
+	/*
+	 * Keyring which contains a key of type 'key_type_fscrypt_user' for each
+	 * user who has added this key.  Normally each key will be added by just
+	 * one user, but it's possible that multiple users share a key, and in
+	 * that case we need to keep track of those users so that one user can't
+	 * remove the key before the others want it removed too.
+	 *
+	 * This is NULL for v1 policy keys; those can only be added by root.
+	 *
+	 * Locking: in addition to this keyrings own semaphore, this is
+	 * protected by the master key's key->sem, so we can do atomic
+	 * search+insert.  It can also be searched without taking any locks, but
+	 * in that case the returned key may have already been removed.
+	 */
+	struct key		*mk_users;
+
 	/*
 	 * Length of ->mk_decrypted_inodes, plus one if mk_secret is present.
 	 * Once this goes to 0, the master key is removed from ->s_master_keys.
@@ -374,9 +397,9 @@ is_master_key_secret_present(const struct fscrypt_master_key_secret *secret)
 	/*
 	 * The READ_ONCE() is only necessary for fscrypt_drop_inode() and
 	 * fscrypt_key_describe().  These run in atomic context, so they can't
-	 * take key->sem and thus 'secret' can change concurrently which would
-	 * be a data race.  But they only need to know whether the secret *was*
-	 * present at the time of check, so READ_ONCE() suffices.
+	 * take ->mk_secret_sem and thus 'secret' can change concurrently which
+	 * would be a data race.  But they only need to know whether the secret
+	 * *was* present at the time of check, so READ_ONCE() suffices.
 	 */
 	return READ_ONCE(secret->size) != 0;
 }
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keyring.c b/fs/crypto/keyring.c
index 5adb33f638019e..2f47464f8cf603 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keyring.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keyring.c
@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@ static void free_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
 	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mk->mk_mode_keys); i++)
 		crypto_free_skcipher(mk->mk_mode_keys[i]);
 
+	key_put(mk->mk_users);
 	kzfree(mk);
 }
 
@@ -93,7 +94,39 @@ static struct key_type key_type_fscrypt = {
 	.describe		= fscrypt_key_describe,
 };
 
-/* Search ->s_master_keys */
+static int fscrypt_user_key_instantiate(struct key *key,
+					struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
+{
+	/*
+	 * We just charge FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE bytes to the user's key quota for
+	 * each key, regardless of the exact key size.  The amount of memory
+	 * actually used is greater than the size of the raw key anyway.
+	 */
+	return key_payload_reserve(key, FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE);
+}
+
+static void fscrypt_user_key_describe(const struct key *key, struct seq_file *m)
+{
+	seq_puts(m, key->description);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Type of key in ->mk_users.  Each key of this type represents a particular
+ * user who has added a particular master key.
+ *
+ * Note that the name of this key type really should be something like
+ * ".fscrypt-user" instead of simply ".fscrypt".  But the shorter name is chosen
+ * mainly for simplicity of presentation in /proc/keys when read by a non-root
+ * user.  And it is expected to be rare that a key is actually added by multiple
+ * users, since users should keep their encryption keys confidential.
+ */
+static struct key_type key_type_fscrypt_user = {
+	.name			= ".fscrypt",
+	.instantiate		= fscrypt_user_key_instantiate,
+	.describe		= fscrypt_user_key_describe,
+};
+
+/* Search ->s_master_keys or ->mk_users */
 static struct key *search_fscrypt_keyring(struct key *keyring,
 					  struct key_type *type,
 					  const char *description)
@@ -119,6 +152,13 @@ static struct key *search_fscrypt_keyring(struct key *keyring,
 
 #define FSCRYPT_MK_DESCRIPTION_SIZE	(2 * FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE + 1)
 
+#define FSCRYPT_MK_USERS_DESCRIPTION_SIZE	\
+	(CONST_STRLEN("fscrypt-") + 2 * FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE + \
+	 CONST_STRLEN("-users") + 1)
+
+#define FSCRYPT_MK_USER_DESCRIPTION_SIZE	\
+	(2 * FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE + CONST_STRLEN(".uid.") + 10 + 1)
+
 static void format_fs_keyring_description(
 			char description[FSCRYPT_FS_KEYRING_DESCRIPTION_SIZE],
 			const struct super_block *sb)
@@ -134,6 +174,23 @@ static void format_mk_description(
 		master_key_spec_len(mk_spec), (u8 *)&mk_spec->u);
 }
 
+static void format_mk_users_keyring_description(
+			char description[FSCRYPT_MK_USERS_DESCRIPTION_SIZE],
+			const u8 mk_identifier[FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE])
+{
+	sprintf(description, "fscrypt-%*phN-users",
+		FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE, mk_identifier);
+}
+
+static void format_mk_user_description(
+			char description[FSCRYPT_MK_USER_DESCRIPTION_SIZE],
+			const u8 mk_identifier[FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE])
+{
+
+	sprintf(description, "%*phN.uid.%u", FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE,
+		mk_identifier, __kuid_val(current_fsuid()));
+}
+
 /* Create ->s_master_keys if needed.  Synchronized by fscrypt_add_key_mutex. */
 static int allocate_filesystem_keyring(struct super_block *sb)
 {
@@ -181,6 +238,80 @@ struct key *fscrypt_find_master_key(struct super_block *sb,
 	return search_fscrypt_keyring(keyring, &key_type_fscrypt, description);
 }
 
+static int allocate_master_key_users_keyring(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
+{
+	char description[FSCRYPT_MK_USERS_DESCRIPTION_SIZE];
+	struct key *keyring;
+
+	format_mk_users_keyring_description(description,
+					    mk->mk_spec.u.identifier);
+	keyring = keyring_alloc(description, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID,
+				current_cred(), KEY_POS_SEARCH |
+				  KEY_USR_SEARCH | KEY_USR_READ | KEY_USR_VIEW,
+				KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA, NULL, NULL);
+	if (IS_ERR(keyring))
+		return PTR_ERR(keyring);
+
+	mk->mk_users = keyring;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Find the current user's "key" in the master key's ->mk_users.
+ * Returns ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY) if not found.
+ */
+static struct key *find_master_key_user(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
+{
+	char description[FSCRYPT_MK_USER_DESCRIPTION_SIZE];
+
+	format_mk_user_description(description, mk->mk_spec.u.identifier);
+	return search_fscrypt_keyring(mk->mk_users, &key_type_fscrypt_user,
+				      description);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Give the current user a "key" in ->mk_users.  This charges the user's quota
+ * and marks the master key as added by the current user, so that it cannot be
+ * removed by another user with the key.  Either the master key's key->sem must
+ * be held for write, or the master key must be still undergoing initialization.
+ */
+static int add_master_key_user(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
+{
+	char description[FSCRYPT_MK_USER_DESCRIPTION_SIZE];
+	struct key *mk_user;
+	int err;
+
+	format_mk_user_description(description, mk->mk_spec.u.identifier);
+	mk_user = key_alloc(&key_type_fscrypt_user, description,
+			    current_fsuid(), current_gid(), current_cred(),
+			    KEY_POS_SEARCH | KEY_USR_VIEW, 0, NULL);
+	if (IS_ERR(mk_user))
+		return PTR_ERR(mk_user);
+
+	err = key_instantiate_and_link(mk_user, NULL, 0, mk->mk_users, NULL);
+	key_put(mk_user);
+	return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Remove the current user's "key" from ->mk_users.
+ * The master key's key->sem must be held for write.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 if removed, -ENOKEY if not found, or another -errno code.
+ */
+static int remove_master_key_user(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
+{
+	struct key *mk_user;
+	int err;
+
+	mk_user = find_master_key_user(mk);
+	if (IS_ERR(mk_user))
+		return PTR_ERR(mk_user);
+	err = key_unlink(mk->mk_users, mk_user);
+	key_put(mk_user);
+	return err;
+}
+
 /*
  * Allocate a new fscrypt_master_key which contains the given secret, set it as
  * the payload of a new 'struct key' of type fscrypt, and link the 'struct key'
@@ -202,11 +333,26 @@ static int add_new_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key_secret *secret,
 	mk->mk_spec = *mk_spec;
 
 	move_master_key_secret(&mk->mk_secret, secret);
+	init_rwsem(&mk->mk_secret_sem);
 
 	refcount_set(&mk->mk_refcount, 1); /* secret is present */
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mk->mk_decrypted_inodes);
 	spin_lock_init(&mk->mk_decrypted_inodes_lock);
 
+	if (mk_spec->type == FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_IDENTIFIER) {
+		err = allocate_master_key_users_keyring(mk);
+		if (err)
+			goto out_free_mk;
+		err = add_master_key_user(mk);
+		if (err)
+			goto out_free_mk;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Note that we don't charge this key to anyone's quota, since when
+	 * ->mk_users is in use those keys are charged instead, and otherwise
+	 * (when ->mk_users isn't in use) only root can add these keys.
+	 */
 	format_mk_description(description, mk_spec);
 	key = key_alloc(&key_type_fscrypt, description,
 			GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, current_cred(),
@@ -233,13 +379,45 @@ static int add_new_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key_secret *secret,
 static int add_existing_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk,
 				   struct fscrypt_master_key_secret *secret)
 {
-	if (is_master_key_secret_present(&mk->mk_secret))
-		return 0;
+	struct key *mk_user;
+	bool rekey;
+	int err;
 
-	if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&mk->mk_refcount))
+	/*
+	 * If the current user is already in ->mk_users, then there's nothing to
+	 * do.  (Not applicable for v1 policy keys, which have NULL ->mk_users.)
+	 */
+	if (mk->mk_users) {
+		mk_user = find_master_key_user(mk);
+		if (mk_user != ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY)) {
+			if (IS_ERR(mk_user))
+				return PTR_ERR(mk_user);
+			key_put(mk_user);
+			return 0;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* If we'll be re-adding ->mk_secret, try to take the reference. */
+	rekey = !is_master_key_secret_present(&mk->mk_secret);
+	if (rekey && !refcount_inc_not_zero(&mk->mk_refcount))
 		return KEY_DEAD;
 
-	move_master_key_secret(&mk->mk_secret, secret);
+	/* Add the current user to ->mk_users, if applicable. */
+	if (mk->mk_users) {
+		err = add_master_key_user(mk);
+		if (err) {
+			if (rekey && refcount_dec_and_test(&mk->mk_refcount))
+				return KEY_DEAD;
+			return err;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Re-add the secret if needed. */
+	if (rekey) {
+		down_write(&mk->mk_secret_sem);
+		move_master_key_secret(&mk->mk_secret, secret);
+		up_write(&mk->mk_secret_sem);
+	}
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -266,7 +444,7 @@ static int add_master_key(struct super_block *sb,
 	} else {
 		/*
 		 * Found the key in ->s_master_keys.  Re-add the secret if
-		 * needed.
+		 * needed, and add the user to ->mk_users if needed.
 		 */
 		down_write(&key->sem);
 		err = add_existing_master_key(key->payload.data[0], secret);
@@ -288,6 +466,23 @@ static int add_master_key(struct super_block *sb,
  * Add a master encryption key to the filesystem, causing all files which were
  * encrypted with it to appear "unlocked" (decrypted) when accessed.
  *
+ * When adding a key for use by v1 encryption policies, this ioctl is
+ * privileged, and userspace must provide the 'key_descriptor'.
+ *
+ * When adding a key for use by v2+ encryption policies, this ioctl is
+ * unprivileged.  This is needed, in general, to allow non-root users to use
+ * encryption without encountering the visibility problems of process-subscribed
+ * keyrings and the inability to properly remove keys.  This works by having
+ * each key identified by its cryptographically secure hash --- the
+ * 'key_identifier'.  The cryptographic hash ensures that a malicious user
+ * cannot add the wrong key for a given identifier.  Furthermore, each added key
+ * is charged to the appropriate user's quota for the keyrings service, which
+ * prevents a malicious user from adding too many keys.  Finally, we forbid a
+ * user from removing a key while other users have added it too, which prevents
+ * a user who knows another user's key from causing a denial-of-service by
+ * removing it at an inopportune time.  (We tolerate that a user who knows a key
+ * can prevent other users from removing it.)
+ *
  * For more details, see the "FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY" section of
  * Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst.
  */
@@ -318,11 +513,18 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
 	if (copy_from_user(secret.raw, uarg->raw, secret.size))
 		goto out_wipe_secret;
 
-	err = -EACCES;
-	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
-		goto out_wipe_secret;
-
-	if (arg.key_spec.type == FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_IDENTIFIER) {
+	switch (arg.key_spec.type) {
+	case FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR:
+		/*
+		 * Only root can add keys that are identified by an arbitrary
+		 * descriptor rather than by a cryptographic hash --- since
+		 * otherwise a malicious user could add the wrong key.
+		 */
+		err = -EACCES;
+		if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+			goto out_wipe_secret;
+		break;
+	case FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_IDENTIFIER:
 		err = fscrypt_init_hkdf(&secret.hkdf, secret.raw, secret.size);
 		if (err)
 			goto out_wipe_secret;
@@ -345,6 +547,11 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
 				 arg.key_spec.u.identifier,
 				 FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE))
 			goto out_wipe_secret;
+		break;
+	default:
+		WARN_ON(1);
+		err = -EINVAL;
+		goto out_wipe_secret;
 	}
 
 	err = add_master_key(sb, &secret, &arg.key_spec);
@@ -492,9 +699,12 @@ static int try_to_lock_encrypted_files(struct super_block *sb,
 /*
  * Try to remove an fscrypt master encryption key.
  *
- * First we wipe the actual master key secret, so that no more inodes can be
- * unlocked with it.  Then we try to evict all cached inodes that had been
- * unlocked with the key.
+ * This removes the current user's claim to the key, then removes the key itself
+ * if no other users have claims.
+ *
+ * To "remove the key itself", first we wipe the actual master key secret, so
+ * that no more inodes can be unlocked with it.  Then we try to evict all cached
+ * inodes that had been unlocked with the key.
  *
  * If all inodes were evicted, then we unlink the fscrypt_master_key from the
  * keyring.  Otherwise it remains in the keyring in the "incompletely removed"
@@ -513,6 +723,7 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
 	struct key *key;
 	struct fscrypt_master_key *mk;
 	u32 status_flags = 0;
+	int err;
 	bool dead;
 
 	if (copy_from_user(&arg, uarg, sizeof(arg)))
@@ -524,7 +735,12 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
 	if (memchr_inv(arg.__reserved, 0, sizeof(arg.__reserved)))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+	/*
+	 * Only root can add and remove keys that are identified by an arbitrary
+	 * descriptor rather than by a cryptographic hash.
+	 */
+	if (arg.key_spec.type == FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR &&
+	    !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
 		return -EACCES;
 
 	/* Find the key being removed. */
@@ -535,11 +751,34 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
 
 	down_write(&key->sem);
 
-	/* Wipe the secret. */
+	/* If relevant, remove current user's claim to the key */
+	if (mk->mk_users && mk->mk_users->keys.nr_leaves_on_tree != 0) {
+		err = remove_master_key_user(mk);
+		if (err) {
+			up_write(&key->sem);
+			goto out_put_key;
+		}
+		if (mk->mk_users->keys.nr_leaves_on_tree != 0) {
+			/*
+			 * Other users have still added the key too.  We removed
+			 * the current user's claim to the key, but we still
+			 * can't remove the key itself.
+			 */
+			status_flags |=
+				FSCRYPT_KEY_REMOVAL_STATUS_FLAG_OTHER_USERS;
+			err = 0;
+			up_write(&key->sem);
+			goto out_put_key;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* No user claims remaining.  Go ahead and wipe the secret. */
 	dead = false;
 	if (is_master_key_secret_present(&mk->mk_secret)) {
+		down_write(&mk->mk_secret_sem);
 		wipe_master_key_secret(&mk->mk_secret);
 		dead = refcount_dec_and_test(&mk->mk_refcount);
+		up_write(&mk->mk_secret_sem);
 	}
 	up_write(&key->sem);
 	if (dead) {
@@ -555,13 +794,17 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
 				FSCRYPT_KEY_REMOVAL_STATUS_FLAG_FILES_BUSY;
 	}
 	/*
-	 * We return 0 if we successfully did something: wiped the secret, or
-	 * tried locking the files again.  Users need to check the informational
-	 * status flags if they care whether the key has been fully removed
-	 * including all files locked.
+	 * We return 0 if we successfully did something: removed a claim to the
+	 * key, wiped the secret, or tried locking the files again.  Users need
+	 * to check the informational status flags if they care whether the key
+	 * has been fully removed including all files locked.
 	 */
+	err = 0;
+out_put_key:
 	key_put(key);
-	return put_user(status_flags, &uarg->removal_status_flags);
+	if (err == 0)
+		err = put_user(status_flags, &uarg->removal_status_flags);
+	return err;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key);
 
@@ -576,6 +819,15 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key);
  * regular file in it (which can confuse the "incompletely removed" state with
  * absent or present).
  *
+ * In addition, for v2 policy keys we allow applications to determine, via
+ * ->status_flags and ->user_count, whether the key has been added by the
+ * current user, by other users, or by both.  Most applications should not need
+ * this, since ordinarily only one user should know a given key.  However, if a
+ * secret key is shared by multiple users, applications may wish to add an
+ * already-present key to prevent other users from removing it.  This ioctl can
+ * be used to check whether that really is the case before the work is done to
+ * add the key --- which might e.g. require prompting the user for a passphrase.
+ *
  * For more details, see the "FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS" section of
  * Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst.
  */
@@ -596,6 +848,8 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_get_key_status(struct file *filp, void __user *uarg)
 	if (memchr_inv(arg.__reserved, 0, sizeof(arg.__reserved)))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
+	arg.status_flags = 0;
+	arg.user_count = 0;
 	memset(arg.__out_reserved, 0, sizeof(arg.__out_reserved));
 
 	key = fscrypt_find_master_key(sb, &arg.key_spec);
@@ -616,6 +870,20 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_get_key_status(struct file *filp, void __user *uarg)
 	}
 
 	arg.status = FSCRYPT_KEY_STATUS_PRESENT;
+	if (mk->mk_users) {
+		struct key *mk_user;
+
+		arg.user_count = mk->mk_users->keys.nr_leaves_on_tree;
+		mk_user = find_master_key_user(mk);
+		if (!IS_ERR(mk_user)) {
+			arg.status_flags |=
+				FSCRYPT_KEY_STATUS_FLAG_ADDED_BY_SELF;
+			key_put(mk_user);
+		} else if (mk_user != ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY)) {
+			err = PTR_ERR(mk_user);
+			goto out_release_key;
+		}
+	}
 	err = 0;
 out_release_key:
 	up_read(&key->sem);
@@ -629,5 +897,19 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fscrypt_ioctl_get_key_status);
 
 int __init fscrypt_init_keyring(void)
 {
-	return register_key_type(&key_type_fscrypt);
+	int err;
+
+	err = register_key_type(&key_type_fscrypt);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	err = register_key_type(&key_type_fscrypt_user);
+	if (err)
+		goto err_unregister_fscrypt;
+
+	return 0;
+
+err_unregister_fscrypt:
+	unregister_key_type(&key_type_fscrypt);
+	return err;
 }
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keysetup.c b/fs/crypto/keysetup.c
index f423d48264dba9..d71c2d6dd162a4 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keysetup.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keysetup.c
@@ -286,10 +286,10 @@ static int fscrypt_setup_v2_file_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
  *
  * If the master key is found in the filesystem-level keyring, then the
  * corresponding 'struct key' is returned in *master_key_ret with
- * ->sem read-locked.  This is needed to ensure that only one task links the
- * fscrypt_info into ->mk_decrypted_inodes (as multiple tasks may race to create
- * an fscrypt_info for the same inode), and to synchronize the master key being
- * removed with a new inode starting to use it.
+ * ->mk_secret_sem read-locked.  This is needed to ensure that only one task
+ * links the fscrypt_info into ->mk_decrypted_inodes (as multiple tasks may race
+ * to create an fscrypt_info for the same inode), and to synchronize the master
+ * key being removed with a new inode starting to use it.
  */
 static int setup_file_encryption_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 				     struct key **master_key_ret)
@@ -333,7 +333,7 @@ static int setup_file_encryption_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 	}
 
 	mk = key->payload.data[0];
-	down_read(&key->sem);
+	down_read(&mk->mk_secret_sem);
 
 	/* Has the secret been removed (via FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY)? */
 	if (!is_master_key_secret_present(&mk->mk_secret)) {
@@ -376,7 +376,7 @@ static int setup_file_encryption_key(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 	return 0;
 
 out_release_key:
-	up_read(&key->sem);
+	up_read(&mk->mk_secret_sem);
 	key_put(key);
 	return err;
 }
@@ -514,7 +514,9 @@ int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 	res = 0;
 out:
 	if (master_key) {
-		up_read(&master_key->sem);
+		struct fscrypt_master_key *mk = master_key->payload.data[0];
+
+		up_read(&mk->mk_secret_sem);
 		key_put(master_key);
 	}
 	if (res == -ENOKEY)
@@ -577,7 +579,7 @@ int fscrypt_drop_inode(struct inode *inode)
 	mk = ci->ci_master_key->payload.data[0];
 
 	/*
-	 * Note: since we aren't holding key->sem, the result here can
+	 * Note: since we aren't holding ->mk_secret_sem, the result here can
 	 * immediately become outdated.  But there's no correctness problem with
 	 * unnecessarily evicting.  Nor is there a correctness problem with not
 	 * evicting while iput() is racing with the key being removed, since
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
index f961ebf83e9861..b9fb775e3db8e4 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -120,6 +120,7 @@ struct fscrypt_add_key_arg {
 struct fscrypt_remove_key_arg {
 	struct fscrypt_key_specifier key_spec;
 #define FSCRYPT_KEY_REMOVAL_STATUS_FLAG_FILES_BUSY	0x00000001
+#define FSCRYPT_KEY_REMOVAL_STATUS_FLAG_OTHER_USERS	0x00000002
 	__u32 removal_status_flags;	/* output */
 	__u32 __reserved[5];
 };
@@ -135,7 +136,10 @@ struct fscrypt_get_key_status_arg {
 #define FSCRYPT_KEY_STATUS_PRESENT		2
 #define FSCRYPT_KEY_STATUS_INCOMPLETELY_REMOVED	3
 	__u32 status;
-	__u32 __out_reserved[15];
+#define FSCRYPT_KEY_STATUS_FLAG_ADDED_BY_SELF   0x00000001
+	__u32 status_flags;
+	__u32 user_count;
+	__u32 __out_reserved[13];
 };
 
 #define FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY		_IOR('f', 19, struct fscrypt_policy)
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 15/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS ioctl
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (13 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 14/20] fscrypt: allow unprivileged users to add/remove keys for v2 policies Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-13  0:15   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 16/20] fscrypt: require that key be added when setting a v2 encryption policy Eric Biggers
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 1 reply; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Add a root-only variant of the FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl which
removes all users' claims of the key, not just the current user's claim.
I.e., it always removes the key itself, no matter how many users have
added it.

This is useful for forcing a directory to be locked, without having to
figure out which user ID(s) the key was added under.  This is planned to
be used by a command like 'sudo fscrypt lock DIR --all-users' in the
fscrypt userspace tool (http://github.com/google/fscrypt).

Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/crypto/keyring.c          | 29 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 include/linux/fscrypt.h      |  8 ++++++++
 include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h |  1 +
 3 files changed, 33 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/crypto/keyring.c b/fs/crypto/keyring.c
index 2f47464f8cf603..86bfcc02b31fcf 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keyring.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keyring.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
  *
  * - FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY
  * - FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY
+ * - FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS
  * - FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS
  *
  * See the "User API" section of Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst for more
@@ -699,8 +700,10 @@ static int try_to_lock_encrypted_files(struct super_block *sb,
 /*
  * Try to remove an fscrypt master encryption key.
  *
- * This removes the current user's claim to the key, then removes the key itself
- * if no other users have claims.
+ * FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY (all_users=false) removes the current user's
+ * claim to the key, then removes the key itself if no other users have claims.
+ * FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS (all_users=true) always removes the
+ * key itself.
  *
  * To "remove the key itself", first we wipe the actual master key secret, so
  * that no more inodes can be unlocked with it.  Then we try to evict all cached
@@ -715,7 +718,7 @@ static int try_to_lock_encrypted_files(struct super_block *sb,
  * For more details, see the "Removing keys" section of
  * Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst.
  */
-int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
+static int do_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg, bool all_users)
 {
 	struct super_block *sb = file_inode(filp)->i_sb;
 	struct fscrypt_remove_key_arg __user *uarg = _uarg;
@@ -751,9 +754,12 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
 
 	down_write(&key->sem);
 
-	/* If relevant, remove current user's claim to the key */
+	/* If relevant, remove current user's (or all users) claim to the key */
 	if (mk->mk_users && mk->mk_users->keys.nr_leaves_on_tree != 0) {
-		err = remove_master_key_user(mk);
+		if (all_users)
+			err = keyring_clear(mk->mk_users);
+		else
+			err = remove_master_key_user(mk);
 		if (err) {
 			up_write(&key->sem);
 			goto out_put_key;
@@ -806,8 +812,21 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
 		err = put_user(status_flags, &uarg->removal_status_flags);
 	return err;
 }
+
+int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *uarg)
+{
+	return do_remove_key(filp, uarg, false);
+}
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key);
 
+int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key_all_users(struct file *filp, void __user *uarg)
+{
+	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+		return -EACCES;
+	return do_remove_key(filp, uarg, true);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key_all_users);
+
 /*
  * Retrieve the status of an fscrypt master encryption key.
  *
diff --git a/include/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/linux/fscrypt.h
index 8b8ff048404297..f622f7460ed8c6 100644
--- a/include/linux/fscrypt.h
+++ b/include/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -143,6 +143,8 @@ extern int fscrypt_inherit_context(struct inode *, struct inode *,
 extern void fscrypt_sb_free(struct super_block *sb);
 extern int fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg);
 extern int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg);
+extern int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key_all_users(struct file *filp,
+					      void __user *arg);
 extern int fscrypt_ioctl_get_key_status(struct file *filp, void __user *arg);
 
 /* keysetup.c */
@@ -396,6 +398,12 @@ static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg)
 	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
 }
 
+static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key_all_users(struct file *filp,
+						     void __user *arg)
+{
+	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+}
+
 static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_get_key_status(struct file *filp,
 					       void __user *arg)
 {
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
index b9fb775e3db8e4..39ccfe9311c387 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -148,6 +148,7 @@ struct fscrypt_get_key_status_arg {
 #define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX		_IOWR('f', 22, __u8[9]) /* size + version */
 #define FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY		_IOWR('f', 23, struct fscrypt_add_key_arg)
 #define FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY		_IOWR('f', 24, struct fscrypt_remove_key_arg)
+#define FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS	_IOWR('f', 25, struct fscrypt_remove_key_arg)
 #define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS	_IOWR('f', 26, struct fscrypt_get_key_status_arg)
 
 /**********************************************************************/
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


______________________________________________________
Linux MTD discussion mailing list
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-mtd/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 16/20] fscrypt: require that key be added when setting a v2 encryption policy
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (14 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 15/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS ioctl Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 17/20] ext4: wire up new fscrypt ioctls Eric Biggers
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

By looking up the master keys in a filesystem-level keyring rather than
in the calling processes' key hierarchy, it becomes possible for a user
to set an encryption policy which refers to some key they don't actually
know, then encrypt their files using that key.  Cryptographically this
isn't much of a problem, but the semantics of this would be a bit weird.
Thus, enforce that a v2 encryption policy can only be set if the user
has previously added the key, or has capable(CAP_FOWNER).

We tolerate that this problem will continue to exist for v1 encryption
policies, however; there is no way around that.

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h |  3 +++
 fs/crypto/keyring.c         | 47 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/crypto/policy.c          | 14 ++++++++++-
 3 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
index d0e23823423416..e84efc01512e4e 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
+++ b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
@@ -431,6 +431,9 @@ extern struct key *
 fscrypt_find_master_key(struct super_block *sb,
 			const struct fscrypt_key_specifier *mk_spec);
 
+extern int fscrypt_verify_key_added(struct super_block *sb,
+				    const u8 identifier[FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE]);
+
 extern int __init fscrypt_init_keyring(void);
 
 /* keysetup.c */
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keyring.c b/fs/crypto/keyring.c
index 86bfcc02b31fcf..6ea71c2e18f0e7 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keyring.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keyring.c
@@ -562,6 +562,53 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fscrypt_ioctl_add_key);
 
+/*
+ * Verify that the current user has added a master key with the given identifier
+ * (returns -ENOKEY if not).  This is needed to prevent a user from encrypting
+ * their files using some other user's key which they don't actually know.
+ * Cryptographically this isn't much of a problem, but the semantics of this
+ * would be a bit weird, so it's best to just forbid it.
+ *
+ * The system administrator (CAP_FOWNER) can override this, which should be
+ * enough for any use cases where encryption policies are being set using keys
+ * that were chosen ahead of time but aren't available at the moment.
+ *
+ * Note that the key may have already removed by the time this returns, but
+ * that's okay; we just care whether the key was there at some point.
+ *
+ * Return: 0 if the key is added, -ENOKEY if it isn't, or another -errno code
+ */
+int fscrypt_verify_key_added(struct super_block *sb,
+			     const u8 identifier[FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE])
+{
+	struct fscrypt_key_specifier mk_spec;
+	struct key *key, *mk_user;
+	struct fscrypt_master_key *mk;
+	int err;
+
+	mk_spec.type = FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_IDENTIFIER;
+	memcpy(mk_spec.u.identifier, identifier, FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE);
+
+	key = fscrypt_find_master_key(sb, &mk_spec);
+	if (IS_ERR(key)) {
+		err = PTR_ERR(key);
+		goto out;
+	}
+	mk = key->payload.data[0];
+	mk_user = find_master_key_user(mk);
+	if (IS_ERR(mk_user)) {
+		err = PTR_ERR(mk_user);
+	} else {
+		key_put(mk_user);
+		err = 0;
+	}
+	key_put(key);
+out:
+	if (err == -ENOKEY && capable(CAP_FOWNER))
+		err = 0;
+	return err;
+}
+
 /*
  * Try to evict the inode's dentries from the dentry cache.  If the inode is a
  * directory, then it can have at most one dentry; however, that dentry may be
diff --git a/fs/crypto/policy.c b/fs/crypto/policy.c
index 0141d338c1fdb2..4072ba644595b9 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/policy.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/policy.c
@@ -233,11 +233,13 @@ static int set_encryption_policy(struct inode *inode,
 {
 	union fscrypt_context ctx;
 	int ctxsize;
+	int err;
 
 	if (!fscrypt_supported_policy(policy, inode))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-	if (policy->version == FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1) {
+	switch (policy->version) {
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1:
 		/*
 		 * The original encryption policy version provided no way of
 		 * verifying that the correct master key was supplied, which was
@@ -251,6 +253,16 @@ static int set_encryption_policy(struct inode *inode,
 		 */
 		pr_warn_once("%s (pid %d) is setting deprecated v1 encryption policy; recommend upgrading to v2.\n",
 			     current->comm, current->pid);
+		break;
+	case FSCRYPT_POLICY_V2:
+		err = fscrypt_verify_key_added(inode->i_sb,
+					       policy->v2.master_key_identifier);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
+		break;
+	default:
+		WARN_ON(1);
+		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
 	ctxsize = fscrypt_new_context_from_policy(&ctx, policy);
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


______________________________________________________
Linux MTD discussion mailing list
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-mtd/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 17/20] ext4: wire up new fscrypt ioctls
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (15 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 16/20] fscrypt: require that key be added when setting a v2 encryption policy Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 18/20] f2fs: " Eric Biggers
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Wire up the new ioctls for adding and removing fscrypt keys to/from the
filesystem, and the new ioctl for retrieving v2 encryption policies.

The key removal ioctls also required making ext4_drop_inode() call
fscrypt_drop_inode().

For more details see Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst and the
fscrypt patches that added the implementation of these ioctls.

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/ext4/ioctl.c | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/ext4/super.c |  3 +++
 2 files changed, 33 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/ext4/ioctl.c b/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
index 442f7ef873fc36..fe5a4b13f939a2 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
@@ -1115,6 +1115,31 @@ long ext4_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
 	case EXT4_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY:
 		return fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy(filp, (void __user *)arg);
 
+	case FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX:
+		if (!ext4_has_feature_encrypt(sb))
+			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+		return fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy_ex(filp, (void __user *)arg);
+
+	case FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY:
+		if (!ext4_has_feature_encrypt(sb))
+			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+		return fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(filp, (void __user *)arg);
+
+	case FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY:
+		if (!ext4_has_feature_encrypt(sb))
+			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+		return fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(filp, (void __user *)arg);
+
+	case FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS:
+		if (!ext4_has_feature_encrypt(sb))
+			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+		return fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key_all_users(filp,
+							  (void __user *)arg);
+	case FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS:
+		if (!ext4_has_feature_encrypt(sb))
+			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+		return fscrypt_ioctl_get_key_status(filp, (void __user *)arg);
+
 	case EXT4_IOC_FSGETXATTR:
 	{
 		struct fsxattr fa;
@@ -1231,6 +1256,11 @@ long ext4_compat_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
 	case EXT4_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY:
 	case EXT4_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_PWSALT:
 	case EXT4_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY:
+	case FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX:
+	case FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY:
+	case FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY:
+	case FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS:
+	case FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS:
 	case EXT4_IOC_SHUTDOWN:
 	case FS_IOC_GETFSMAP:
 		break;
diff --git a/fs/ext4/super.c b/fs/ext4/super.c
index 4079605d437ae7..757819139b8f70 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/super.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/super.c
@@ -1107,6 +1107,9 @@ static int ext4_drop_inode(struct inode *inode)
 {
 	int drop = generic_drop_inode(inode);
 
+	if (!drop)
+		drop = fscrypt_drop_inode(inode);
+
 	trace_ext4_drop_inode(inode, drop);
 	return drop;
 }
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


______________________________________________________
Linux MTD discussion mailing list
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-mtd/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 18/20] f2fs: wire up new fscrypt ioctls
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (16 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 17/20] ext4: wire up new fscrypt ioctls Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` " Eric Biggers
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 19/20] ubifs: " Eric Biggers
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  20 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Wire up the new ioctls for adding and removing fscrypt keys to/from the
filesystem, and the new ioctl for retrieving v2 encryption policies.

The key removal ioctls also required making f2fs_drop_inode() call
fscrypt_drop_inode().

For more details see Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst and the
fscrypt patches that added the implementation of these ioctls.

Acked-by: Jaegeuk Kim <jaegeuk@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Chao Yu <yuchao0@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/f2fs/file.c  | 58 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/f2fs/super.c |  2 ++
 2 files changed, 60 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/f2fs/file.c b/fs/f2fs/file.c
index 3e58a6f697dd8c..6a7349f9ac15ec 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/file.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/file.c
@@ -2184,6 +2184,49 @@ static int f2fs_ioc_get_encryption_pwsalt(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg)
 	return err;
 }
 
+static int f2fs_ioc_get_encryption_policy_ex(struct file *filp,
+					     unsigned long arg)
+{
+	if (!f2fs_sb_has_encrypt(F2FS_I_SB(file_inode(filp))))
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+	return fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy_ex(filp, (void __user *)arg);
+}
+
+static int f2fs_ioc_add_encryption_key(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg)
+{
+	if (!f2fs_sb_has_encrypt(F2FS_I_SB(file_inode(filp))))
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+	return fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(filp, (void __user *)arg);
+}
+
+static int f2fs_ioc_remove_encryption_key(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg)
+{
+	if (!f2fs_sb_has_encrypt(F2FS_I_SB(file_inode(filp))))
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+	return fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(filp, (void __user *)arg);
+}
+
+static int f2fs_ioc_remove_encryption_key_all_users(struct file *filp,
+						    unsigned long arg)
+{
+	if (!f2fs_sb_has_encrypt(F2FS_I_SB(file_inode(filp))))
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+	return fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key_all_users(filp, (void __user *)arg);
+}
+
+static int f2fs_ioc_get_encryption_key_status(struct file *filp,
+					      unsigned long arg)
+{
+	if (!f2fs_sb_has_encrypt(F2FS_I_SB(file_inode(filp))))
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+	return fscrypt_ioctl_get_key_status(filp, (void __user *)arg);
+}
+
 static int f2fs_ioc_gc(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg)
 {
 	struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
@@ -3092,6 +3135,16 @@ long f2fs_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
 		return f2fs_ioc_get_encryption_policy(filp, arg);
 	case F2FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_PWSALT:
 		return f2fs_ioc_get_encryption_pwsalt(filp, arg);
+	case FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX:
+		return f2fs_ioc_get_encryption_policy_ex(filp, arg);
+	case FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY:
+		return f2fs_ioc_add_encryption_key(filp, arg);
+	case FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY:
+		return f2fs_ioc_remove_encryption_key(filp, arg);
+	case FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS:
+		return f2fs_ioc_remove_encryption_key_all_users(filp, arg);
+	case FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS:
+		return f2fs_ioc_get_encryption_key_status(filp, arg);
 	case F2FS_IOC_GARBAGE_COLLECT:
 		return f2fs_ioc_gc(filp, arg);
 	case F2FS_IOC_GARBAGE_COLLECT_RANGE:
@@ -3219,6 +3272,11 @@ long f2fs_compat_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
 	case F2FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY:
 	case F2FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_PWSALT:
 	case F2FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY:
+	case FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX:
+	case FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY:
+	case FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY:
+	case FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS:
+	case FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS:
 	case F2FS_IOC_GARBAGE_COLLECT:
 	case F2FS_IOC_GARBAGE_COLLECT_RANGE:
 	case F2FS_IOC_WRITE_CHECKPOINT:
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/super.c b/fs/f2fs/super.c
index 78a1b873e48ade..e15bd29bd45340 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/super.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/super.c
@@ -913,6 +913,8 @@ static int f2fs_drop_inode(struct inode *inode)
 		return 0;
 	}
 	ret = generic_drop_inode(inode);
+	if (!ret)
+		ret = fscrypt_drop_inode(inode);
 	trace_f2fs_drop_inode(inode, ret);
 	return ret;
 }
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


______________________________________________________
Linux MTD discussion mailing list
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-mtd/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 19/20] ubifs: wire up new fscrypt ioctls
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (17 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 18/20] f2fs: " Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` " Eric Biggers
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 20/20] fscrypt: document the new ioctls and policy version Eric Biggers
  2019-08-14 22:37 ` [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
  20 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Wire up the new ioctls for adding and removing fscrypt keys to/from the
filesystem, and the new ioctl for retrieving v2 encryption policies.

The key removal ioctls also required making UBIFS use
fscrypt_drop_inode().

For more details see Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst and the
fscrypt patches that added the implementation of these ioctls.

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 fs/ubifs/ioctl.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/ubifs/super.c | 11 +++++++++++
 2 files changed, 31 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/ubifs/ioctl.c b/fs/ubifs/ioctl.c
index 034ad14710d14a..5dc5abca11c704 100644
--- a/fs/ubifs/ioctl.c
+++ b/fs/ubifs/ioctl.c
@@ -185,6 +185,21 @@ long ubifs_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
 	case FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY:
 		return fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy(file, (void __user *)arg);
 
+	case FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX:
+		return fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy_ex(file, (void __user *)arg);
+
+	case FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY:
+		return fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(file, (void __user *)arg);
+
+	case FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY:
+		return fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(file, (void __user *)arg);
+
+	case FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS:
+		return fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key_all_users(file,
+							  (void __user *)arg);
+	case FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS:
+		return fscrypt_ioctl_get_key_status(file, (void __user *)arg);
+
 	default:
 		return -ENOTTY;
 	}
@@ -202,6 +217,11 @@ long ubifs_compat_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
 		break;
 	case FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY:
 	case FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY:
+	case FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX:
+	case FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY:
+	case FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY:
+	case FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS:
+	case FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS:
 		break;
 	default:
 		return -ENOIOCTLCMD;
diff --git a/fs/ubifs/super.c b/fs/ubifs/super.c
index 2c0803b0ac3aa2..3ad6620f14fb81 100644
--- a/fs/ubifs/super.c
+++ b/fs/ubifs/super.c
@@ -318,6 +318,16 @@ static int ubifs_write_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc)
 	return err;
 }
 
+static int ubifs_drop_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+	int drop = generic_drop_inode(inode);
+
+	if (!drop)
+		drop = fscrypt_drop_inode(inode);
+
+	return drop;
+}
+
 static void ubifs_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
 {
 	int err;
@@ -1990,6 +2000,7 @@ const struct super_operations ubifs_super_operations = {
 	.free_inode    = ubifs_free_inode,
 	.put_super     = ubifs_put_super,
 	.write_inode   = ubifs_write_inode,
+	.drop_inode    = ubifs_drop_inode,
 	.evict_inode   = ubifs_evict_inode,
 	.statfs        = ubifs_statfs,
 	.dirty_inode   = ubifs_dirty_inode,
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


______________________________________________________
Linux MTD discussion mailing list
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-mtd/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 20/20] fscrypt: document the new ioctls and policy version
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (18 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 19/20] ubifs: " Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-05 16:25 ` Eric Biggers
  2019-08-13  0:49   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  2019-08-14 22:37 ` [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
  20 siblings, 1 reply; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-05 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Update the fscrypt documentation file to catch up to all the latest
changes, including the new ioctls to manage master encryption keys in
the filesystem-level keyring and the support for v2 encryption policies.

Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
---
 Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst | 729 ++++++++++++++++++++++----
 1 file changed, 613 insertions(+), 116 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst b/Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst
index d60b885c402401..4289c29d7c5a2c 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst
@@ -72,6 +72,9 @@ Online attacks
 fscrypt (and storage encryption in general) can only provide limited
 protection, if any at all, against online attacks.  In detail:
 
+Side-channel attacks
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
 fscrypt is only resistant to side-channel attacks, such as timing or
 electromagnetic attacks, to the extent that the underlying Linux
 Cryptographic API algorithms are.  If a vulnerable algorithm is used,
@@ -80,29 +83,90 @@ attacker to mount a side channel attack against the online system.
 Side channel attacks may also be mounted against applications
 consuming decrypted data.
 
-After an encryption key has been provided, fscrypt is not designed to
-hide the plaintext file contents or filenames from other users on the
-same system, regardless of the visibility of the keyring key.
-Instead, existing access control mechanisms such as file mode bits,
-POSIX ACLs, LSMs, or mount namespaces should be used for this purpose.
-Also note that as long as the encryption keys are *anywhere* in
-memory, an online attacker can necessarily compromise them by mounting
-a physical attack or by exploiting any kernel security vulnerability
-which provides an arbitrary memory read primitive.
-
-While it is ostensibly possible to "evict" keys from the system,
-recently accessed encrypted files will remain accessible at least
-until the filesystem is unmounted or the VFS caches are dropped, e.g.
-using ``echo 2 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches``.  Even after that, if the
-RAM is compromised before being powered off, it will likely still be
-possible to recover portions of the plaintext file contents, if not
-some of the encryption keys as well.  (Since Linux v4.12, all
-in-kernel keys related to fscrypt are sanitized before being freed.
-However, userspace would need to do its part as well.)
-
-Currently, fscrypt does not prevent a user from maliciously providing
-an incorrect key for another user's existing encrypted files.  A
-protection against this is planned.
+Unauthorized file access
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+After an encryption key has been added, fscrypt does not hide the
+plaintext file contents or filenames from other users on the same
+system.  Instead, existing access control mechanisms such as file mode
+bits, POSIX ACLs, LSMs, or namespaces should be used for this purpose.
+
+(For the reasoning behind this, understand that while the key is
+added, the confidentiality of the data, from the perspective of the
+system itself, is *not* protected by the mathematical properties of
+encryption but rather only by the correctness of the kernel.
+Therefore, any encryption-specific access control checks would merely
+be enforced by kernel *code* and therefore would be largely redundant
+with the wide variety of access control mechanisms already available.)
+
+Kernel memory compromise
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+An attacker who compromises the system enough to read from arbitrary
+memory, e.g. by mounting a physical attack or by exploiting a kernel
+security vulnerability, can compromise all encryption keys that are
+currently in use.
+
+However, fscrypt allows encryption keys to be removed from the kernel,
+which may protect them from later compromise.
+
+In more detail, the FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl (or the
+FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS ioctl) can wipe a master
+encryption key from kernel memory.  If it does so, it will also try to
+evict all cached inodes which had been "unlocked" using the key,
+thereby wiping their per-file keys and making them once again appear
+"locked", i.e. in ciphertext or encrypted form.
+
+However, these ioctls have some limitations:
+
+- Per-file keys for in-use files will *not* be removed or wiped.
+  Therefore, for maximum effect, userspace should close the relevant
+  encrypted files and directories before removing a master key, as
+  well as kill any processes whose working directory is in an affected
+  encrypted directory.
+
+- The kernel cannot magically wipe copies of the master key(s) that
+  userspace might have as well.  Therefore, userspace must wipe all
+  copies of the master key(s) it makes as well; normally this should
+  be done immediately after FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY, without waiting
+  for FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY.  Naturally, the same also applies
+  to all higher levels in the key hierarchy.  Userspace should also
+  follow other security precautions such as mlock()ing memory
+  containing keys to prevent it from being swapped out.
+
+- In general, decrypted contents and filenames in the kernel VFS
+  caches are freed but not wiped.  Therefore, portions thereof may be
+  recoverable from freed memory, even after the corresponding key(s)
+  were wiped.  To partially solve this, you can set
+  CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING=y in your kernel config and add page_poison=1
+  to your kernel command line.  However, this has a performance cost.
+
+- Secret keys might still exist in CPU registers, in crypto
+  accelerator hardware (if used by the crypto API to implement any of
+  the algorithms), or in other places not explicitly considered here.
+
+Limitations of v1 policies
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+v1 encryption policies have some weaknesses with respect to online
+attacks:
+
+- There is no verification that the provided master key is correct.
+  Therefore, a malicious user can temporarily associate the wrong key
+  with another user's encrypted files to which they have read-only
+  access.  Because of filesystem caching, the wrong key will then be
+  used by the other user's accesses to those files, even if the other
+  user has the correct key in their own keyring.  This violates the
+  meaning of "read-only access".
+
+- A compromise of a per-file key also compromises the master key from
+  which it was derived.
+
+- Non-root users cannot securely remove encryption keys.
+
+All the above problems are fixed with v2 encryption policies.  For
+this reason among others, it is recommended to use v2 encryption
+policies on all new encrypted directories.
 
 Key hierarchy
 =============
@@ -123,11 +187,52 @@ appropriate master key.  There can be any number of master keys, each
 of which protects any number of directory trees on any number of
 filesystems.
 
-Userspace should generate master keys either using a cryptographically
-secure random number generator, or by using a KDF (Key Derivation
-Function).  Note that whenever a KDF is used to "stretch" a
-lower-entropy secret such as a passphrase, it is critical that a KDF
-designed for this purpose be used, such as scrypt, PBKDF2, or Argon2.
+Master keys must be real cryptographic keys, i.e. indistinguishable
+from random bytestrings of the same length.  This implies that users
+**must not** directly use a password as a master key, zero-pad a
+shorter key, or repeat a shorter key.  Security cannot be guaranteed
+if userspace makes any such error, as the cryptographic proofs and
+analysis would no longer apply.
+
+Instead, users should generate master keys either using a
+cryptographically secure random number generator, or by using a KDF
+(Key Derivation Function).  The kernel does not do any key stretching;
+therefore, if userspace derives the key from a low-entropy secret such
+as a passphrase, it is critical that a KDF designed for this purpose
+be used, such as scrypt, PBKDF2, or Argon2.
+
+Key derivation function
+-----------------------
+
+With one exception, fscrypt never uses the master key(s) for
+encryption directly.  Instead, they are only used as input to a KDF
+(Key Derivation Function) to derive the actual keys.
+
+The KDF used for a particular master key differs depending on whether
+the key is used for v1 encryption policies or for v2 encryption
+policies.  Users **must not** use the same key for both v1 and v2
+encryption policies.  (No real-world attack is currently known on this
+specific case of key reuse, but its security cannot be guaranteed
+since the cryptographic proofs and analysis would no longer apply.)
+
+For v1 encryption policies, the KDF only supports deriving per-file
+encryption keys.  It works by encrypting the master key with
+AES-128-ECB, using the file's 16-byte nonce as the AES key.  The
+resulting ciphertext is used as the derived key.  If the ciphertext is
+longer than needed, then it is truncated to the needed length.
+
+For v2 encryption policies, the KDF is HKDF-SHA512.  The master key is
+passed as the "input keying material", no salt is used, and a distinct
+"application-specific information string" is used for each distinct
+key to be derived.  For example, when a per-file encryption key is
+derived, the application-specific information string is the file's
+nonce prefixed with "fscrypt\\0" and a context byte.  Different
+context bytes are used for other types of derived keys.
+
+HKDF-SHA512 is preferred to the original AES-128-ECB based KDF because
+HKDF is more flexible, is nonreversible, and evenly distributes
+entropy from the master key.  HKDF is also standardized and widely
+used by other software, whereas the AES-128-ECB based KDF is ad-hoc.
 
 Per-file keys
 -------------
@@ -138,29 +243,9 @@ files doesn't map to the same ciphertext, or vice versa.  In most
 cases, fscrypt does this by deriving per-file keys.  When a new
 encrypted inode (regular file, directory, or symlink) is created,
 fscrypt randomly generates a 16-byte nonce and stores it in the
-inode's encryption xattr.  Then, it uses a KDF (Key Derivation
-Function) to derive the file's key from the master key and nonce.
-
-The Adiantum encryption mode (see `Encryption modes and usage`_) is
-special, since it accepts longer IVs and is suitable for both contents
-and filenames encryption.  For it, a "direct key" option is offered
-where the file's nonce is included in the IVs and the master key is
-used for encryption directly.  This improves performance; however,
-users must not use the same master key for any other encryption mode.
-
-Below, the KDF and design considerations are described in more detail.
-
-The current KDF works by encrypting the master key with AES-128-ECB,
-using the file's nonce as the AES key.  The output is used as the
-derived key.  If the output is longer than needed, then it is
-truncated to the needed length.
-
-Note: this KDF meets the primary security requirement, which is to
-produce unique derived keys that preserve the entropy of the master
-key, assuming that the master key is already a good pseudorandom key.
-However, it is nonstandard and has some problems such as being
-reversible, so it is generally considered to be a mistake!  It may be
-replaced with HKDF or another more standard KDF in the future.
+inode's encryption xattr.  Then, it uses a KDF (as described in `Key
+derivation function`_) to derive the file's key from the master key
+and nonce.
 
 Key derivation was chosen over key wrapping because wrapped keys would
 require larger xattrs which would be less likely to fit in-line in the
@@ -176,6 +261,37 @@ rejected as it would have prevented ext4 filesystems from being
 resized, and by itself still wouldn't have been sufficient to prevent
 the same key from being directly reused for both XTS and CTS-CBC.
 
+DIRECT_KEY and per-mode keys
+----------------------------
+
+The Adiantum encryption mode (see `Encryption modes and usage`_) is
+suitable for both contents and filenames encryption, and it accepts
+long IVs --- long enough to hold both an 8-byte logical block number
+and a 16-byte per-file nonce.  Also, the overhead of each Adiantum key
+is greater than that of an AES-256-XTS key.
+
+Therefore, to improve performance and save memory, for Adiantum a
+"direct key" configuration is supported.  When the user has enabled
+this by setting FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY in the fscrypt policy,
+per-file keys are not used.  Instead, whenever any data (contents or
+filenames) is encrypted, the file's 16-byte nonce is included in the
+IV.  Moreover:
+
+- For v1 encryption policies, the encryption is done directly with the
+  master key.  Because of this, users **must not** use the same master
+  key for any other purpose, even for other v1 policies.
+
+- For v2 encryption policies, the encryption is done with a per-mode
+  key derived using the KDF.  Users may use the same master key for
+  other v2 encryption policies.
+
+Key identifiers
+---------------
+
+For master keys used for v2 encryption policies, a unique 16-byte "key
+identifier" is also derived using the KDF.  This value is stored in
+the clear, since it is needed to reliably identify the key itself.
+
 Encryption modes and usage
 ==========================
 
@@ -270,24 +386,44 @@ User API
 Setting an encryption policy
 ----------------------------
 
+FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
 The FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY ioctl sets an encryption policy on an
 empty directory or verifies that a directory or regular file already
 has the specified encryption policy.  It takes in a pointer to a
-:c:type:`struct fscrypt_policy`, defined as follows::
+:c:type:`struct fscrypt_policy_v1` or a :c:type:`struct
+fscrypt_policy_v2`, defined as follows::
 
-    #define FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE  8
-
-    struct fscrypt_policy {
+    #define FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1               0
+    #define FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE     8
+    struct fscrypt_policy_v1 {
             __u8 version;
             __u8 contents_encryption_mode;
             __u8 filenames_encryption_mode;
             __u8 flags;
             __u8 master_key_descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
     };
+    #define fscrypt_policy  fscrypt_policy_v1
+
+    #define FSCRYPT_POLICY_V2               2
+    #define FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE     16
+    struct fscrypt_policy_v2 {
+            __u8 version;
+            __u8 contents_encryption_mode;
+            __u8 filenames_encryption_mode;
+            __u8 flags;
+            __u8 __reserved[4];
+            __u8 master_key_identifier[FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE];
+    };
 
 This structure must be initialized as follows:
 
-- ``version`` must be 0.
+- ``version`` must be FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1 (0) if the struct is
+  :c:type:`fscrypt_policy_v1` or FSCRYPT_POLICY_V2 (2) if the struct
+  is :c:type:`fscrypt_policy_v2`.  (Note: we refer to the original
+  policy version as "v1", though its version code is really 0.)  For
+  new encrypted directories, use v2 policies.
 
 - ``contents_encryption_mode`` and ``filenames_encryption_mode`` must
   be set to constants from ``<linux/fscrypt.h>`` which identify the
@@ -297,21 +433,30 @@ This structure must be initialized as follows:
 
 - ``flags`` must contain a value from ``<linux/fscrypt.h>`` which
   identifies the amount of NUL-padding to use when encrypting
-  filenames.  If unsure, use FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_32 (0x3).  In
-  addition, if the chosen encryption modes are both
+  filenames.  If unsure, use FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_32 (0x3).
+  Additionally, if the encryption modes are both
   FSCRYPT_MODE_ADIANTUM, this can contain
-  FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY to specify that the master key should
-  be used directly, without key derivation.
+  FSCRYPT_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY; see `DIRECT_KEY and per-mode keys`_.
+
+- For v2 encryption policies, ``__reserved`` must be zeroed.
 
-- ``master_key_descriptor`` specifies how to find the master key in
-  the keyring; see `Adding keys`_.  It is up to userspace to choose a
-  unique ``master_key_descriptor`` for each master key.  The e4crypt
-  and fscrypt tools use the first 8 bytes of
+- For v1 encryption policies, ``master_key_descriptor`` specifies how
+  to find the master key in a keyring; see `Adding keys`_.  It is up
+  to userspace to choose a unique ``master_key_descriptor`` for each
+  master key.  The e4crypt and fscrypt tools use the first 8 bytes of
   ``SHA-512(SHA-512(master_key))``, but this particular scheme is not
   required.  Also, the master key need not be in the keyring yet when
   FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY is executed.  However, it must be added
   before any files can be created in the encrypted directory.
 
+  For v2 encryption policies, ``master_key_descriptor`` has been
+  replaced with ``master_key_identifier``, which is longer and cannot
+  be arbitrarily chosen.  Instead, the key must first be added using
+  `FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY`_.  Then, the ``key_spec.u.identifier``
+  the kernel returned in the :c:type:`struct fscrypt_add_key_arg` must
+  be used as the ``master_key_identifier`` in the :c:type:`struct
+  fscrypt_policy_v2`.
+
 If the file is not yet encrypted, then FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY
 verifies that the file is an empty directory.  If so, the specified
 encryption policy is assigned to the directory, turning it into an
@@ -327,6 +472,15 @@ policy exactly matches the actual one.  If they match, then the ioctl
 returns 0.  Otherwise, it fails with EEXIST.  This works on both
 regular files and directories, including nonempty directories.
 
+When a v2 encryption policy is assigned to a directory, it is also
+required that either the specified key has been added by the current
+user or that the caller has CAP_FOWNER in the initial user namespace.
+(This is needed to prevent a user from encrypting their data with
+another user's key.)  The key must remain added while
+FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY is executing.  However, if the new
+encrypted directory does not need to be accessed immediately, then the
+key can be removed right away afterwards.
+
 Note that the ext4 filesystem does not allow the root directory to be
 encrypted, even if it is empty.  Users who want to encrypt an entire
 filesystem with one key should consider using dm-crypt instead.
@@ -339,7 +493,11 @@ FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY can fail with the following errors:
 - ``EEXIST``: the file is already encrypted with an encryption policy
   different from the one specified
 - ``EINVAL``: an invalid encryption policy was specified (invalid
-  version, mode(s), or flags)
+  version, mode(s), or flags; or reserved bits were set)
+- ``ENOKEY``: a v2 encryption policy was specified, but the key with
+  the specified ``master_key_identifier`` has not been added, nor does
+  the process have the CAP_FOWNER capability in the initial user
+  namespace
 - ``ENOTDIR``: the file is unencrypted and is a regular file, not a
   directory
 - ``ENOTEMPTY``: the file is unencrypted and is a nonempty directory
@@ -358,25 +516,78 @@ FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY can fail with the following errors:
 Getting an encryption policy
 ----------------------------
 
-The FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY ioctl retrieves the :c:type:`struct
-fscrypt_policy`, if any, for a directory or regular file.  See above
-for the struct definition.  No additional permissions are required
-beyond the ability to open the file.
+Two ioctls are available to get a file's encryption policy:
+
+- `FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX`_
+- `FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY`_
+
+The extended (_EX) version of the ioctl is more general and is
+recommended to use when possible.  However, on older kernels only the
+original ioctl is available.  Applications should try the extended
+version, and if it fails with ENOTTY fall back to the original
+version.
+
+FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX ioctl retrieves the encryption
+policy, if any, for a directory or regular file.  No additional
+permissions are required beyond the ability to open the file.  It
+takes in a pointer to a :c:type:`struct fscrypt_get_policy_ex_arg`,
+defined as follows::
+
+    struct fscrypt_get_policy_ex_arg {
+            __u64 policy_size; /* input/output */
+            union {
+                    __u8 version;
+                    struct fscrypt_policy_v1 v1;
+                    struct fscrypt_policy_v2 v2;
+            } policy; /* output */
+    };
+
+The caller must initialize ``policy_size`` to the size available for
+the policy struct, i.e. ``sizeof(arg.policy)``.
+
+On success, the policy struct is returned in ``policy``, and its
+actual size is returned in ``policy_size``.  ``policy.version`` should
+be checked to determine the version of policy returned.  Note that the
+version code for the "v1" policy is actually 0 (FSCRYPT_POLICY_V1).
 
-FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY can fail with the following errors:
+FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX can fail with the following errors:
 
 - ``EINVAL``: the file is encrypted, but it uses an unrecognized
-  encryption context format
+  encryption policy version
 - ``ENODATA``: the file is not encrypted
-- ``ENOTTY``: this type of filesystem does not implement encryption
+- ``ENOTTY``: this type of filesystem does not implement encryption,
+  or this kernel is too old to support FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX
+  (try FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY instead)
 - ``EOPNOTSUPP``: the kernel was not configured with encryption
   support for this filesystem
+- ``EOVERFLOW``: the file is encrypted and uses a recognized
+  encryption policy version, but the policy struct does not fit into
+  the provided buffer
 
 Note: if you only need to know whether a file is encrypted or not, on
 most filesystems it is also possible to use the FS_IOC_GETFLAGS ioctl
 and check for FS_ENCRYPT_FL, or to use the statx() system call and
 check for STATX_ATTR_ENCRYPTED in stx_attributes.
 
+FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY ioctl can also retrieve the
+encryption policy, if any, for a directory or regular file.  However,
+unlike `FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX`_,
+FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY only supports the original policy
+version.  It takes in a pointer directly to a :c:type:`struct
+fscrypt_policy_v1` rather than a :c:type:`struct
+fscrypt_get_policy_ex_arg`.
+
+The error codes for FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY are the same as those
+for FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX, except that
+FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY also returns ``EINVAL`` if the file is
+encrypted using a newer encryption policy version.
+
 Getting the per-filesystem salt
 -------------------------------
 
@@ -392,8 +603,115 @@ generate and manage any needed salt(s) in userspace.
 Adding keys
 -----------
 
-To provide a master key, userspace must add it to an appropriate
-keyring using the add_key() system call (see:
+FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl adds a master encryption key to
+the filesystem, making all files on the filesystem which were
+encrypted using that key appear "unlocked", i.e. in plaintext form.
+It can be executed on any file or directory on the target filesystem,
+but using the filesystem's root directory is recommended.  It takes in
+a pointer to a :c:type:`struct fscrypt_add_key_arg`, defined as
+follows::
+
+    struct fscrypt_add_key_arg {
+            struct fscrypt_key_specifier key_spec;
+            __u32 raw_size;
+            __u32 __reserved[9];
+            __u8 raw[];
+    };
+
+    #define FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR        1
+    #define FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_IDENTIFIER        2
+
+    struct fscrypt_key_specifier {
+            __u32 type;     /* one of FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_* */
+            __u32 __reserved;
+            union {
+                    __u8 __reserved[32]; /* reserve some extra space */
+                    __u8 descriptor[FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+                    __u8 identifier[FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE];
+            } u;
+    };
+
+:c:type:`struct fscrypt_add_key_arg` must be zeroed, then initialized
+as follows:
+
+- If the key is being added for use by v1 encryption policies, then
+  ``key_spec.type`` must contain FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR, and
+  ``key_spec.u.descriptor`` must contain the descriptor of the key
+  being added, corresponding to the value in the
+  ``master_key_descriptor`` field of :c:type:`struct
+  fscrypt_policy_v1`.  To add this type of key, the calling process
+  must have the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability in the initial user
+  namespace.
+
+  Alternatively, if the key is being added for use by v2 encryption
+  policies, then ``key_spec.type`` must contain
+  FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_IDENTIFIER, and ``key_spec.u.identifier`` is
+  an *output* field which the kernel fills in with a cryptographic
+  hash of the key.  To add this type of key, the calling process does
+  not need any privileges.  However, the number of keys that can be
+  added is limited by the user's quota for the keyrings service (see
+  ``Documentation/security/keys/core.rst``).
+
+- ``raw_size`` must be the size of the ``raw`` key provided, in bytes.
+
+- ``raw`` is a variable-length field which must contain the actual
+  key, ``raw_size`` bytes long.
+
+For v2 policy keys, the kernel keeps track of which user (identified
+by effective user ID) added the key, and only allows the key to be
+removed by that user --- or by "root", if they use
+`FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS`_.
+
+However, if another user has added the key, it may be desirable to
+prevent that other user from unexpectedly removing it.  Therefore,
+FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY may also be used to add a v2 policy key
+*again*, even if it's already added by other user(s).  In this case,
+FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY will just install a claim to the key for the
+current user, rather than actually add the key again (but the raw key
+must still be provided, as a proof of knowledge).
+
+FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY returns 0 if either the key or a claim to
+the key was either added or already exists.
+
+FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY can fail with the following errors:
+
+- ``EACCES``: FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR was specified, but the
+  caller does not have the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability in the initial
+  user namespace
+- ``EDQUOT``: the key quota for this user would be exceeded by adding
+  the key
+- ``EINVAL``: invalid key size or key specifier type, or reserved bits
+  were set
+- ``ENOTTY``: this type of filesystem does not implement encryption
+- ``EOPNOTSUPP``: the kernel was not configured with encryption
+  support for this filesystem, or the filesystem superblock has not
+  had encryption enabled on it
+
+Legacy method
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+For v1 encryption policies, a master encryption key can also be
+provided by adding it to a process-subscribed keyring, e.g. to a
+session keyring, or to a user keyring if the user keyring is linked
+into the session keyring.
+
+This method is deprecated (and not supported for v2 encryption
+policies) for several reasons.  First, it cannot be used in
+combination with FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY (see `Removing keys`_),
+so for removing a key a workaround such as keyctl_unlink() in
+combination with ``sync; echo 2 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches`` would
+have to be used.  Second, it doesn't match the fact that the
+locked/unlocked status of encrypted files (i.e. whether they appear to
+be in plaintext form or in ciphertext form) is global.  This mismatch
+has caused much confusion as well as real problems when processes
+running under different UIDs, such as a ``sudo`` command, need to
+access encrypted files.
+
+Nevertheless, to add a key to one of the process-subscribed keyrings,
+the add_key() system call can be used (see:
 ``Documentation/security/keys/core.rst``).  The key type must be
 "logon"; keys of this type are kept in kernel memory and cannot be
 read back by userspace.  The key description must be "fscrypt:"
@@ -401,12 +719,12 @@ followed by the 16-character lower case hex representation of the
 ``master_key_descriptor`` that was set in the encryption policy.  The
 key payload must conform to the following structure::
 
-    #define FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE 64
+    #define FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE            64
 
     struct fscrypt_key {
-            u32 mode;
-            u8 raw[FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
-            u32 size;
+            __u32 mode;
+            __u8 raw[FSCRYPT_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
+            __u32 size;
     };
 
 ``mode`` is ignored; just set it to 0.  The actual key is provided in
@@ -418,26 +736,194 @@ with a filesystem-specific prefix such as "ext4:".  However, the
 filesystem-specific prefixes are deprecated and should not be used in
 new programs.
 
-There are several different types of keyrings in which encryption keys
-may be placed, such as a session keyring, a user session keyring, or a
-user keyring.  Each key must be placed in a keyring that is "attached"
-to all processes that might need to access files encrypted with it, in
-the sense that request_key() will find the key.  Generally, if only
-processes belonging to a specific user need to access a given
-encrypted directory and no session keyring has been installed, then
-that directory's key should be placed in that user's user session
-keyring or user keyring.  Otherwise, a session keyring should be
-installed if needed, and the key should be linked into that session
-keyring, or in a keyring linked into that session keyring.
-
-Note: introducing the complex visibility semantics of keyrings here
-was arguably a mistake --- especially given that by design, after any
-process successfully opens an encrypted file (thereby setting up the
-per-file key), possessing the keyring key is not actually required for
-any process to read/write the file until its in-memory inode is
-evicted.  In the future there probably should be a way to provide keys
-directly to the filesystem instead, which would make the intended
-semantics clearer.
+Removing keys
+-------------
+
+Two ioctls are available for removing a key that was added by
+`FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY`_:
+
+- `FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY`_
+- `FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS`_
+
+These two ioctls differ only in cases where v2 policy keys are added
+or removed by non-root users.
+
+These ioctls don't work on keys that were added via the legacy
+process-subscribed keyrings mechanism.
+
+Before using these ioctls, read the `Kernel memory compromise`_
+section for a discussion of the security goals and limitations of
+these ioctls.
+
+FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl removes a claim to a master
+encryption key from the filesystem, and possibly removes the key
+itself.  It can be executed on any file or directory on the target
+filesystem, but using the filesystem's root directory is recommended.
+It takes in a pointer to a :c:type:`struct fscrypt_remove_key_arg`,
+defined as follows::
+
+    struct fscrypt_remove_key_arg {
+            struct fscrypt_key_specifier key_spec;
+    #define FSCRYPT_KEY_REMOVAL_STATUS_FLAG_FILES_BUSY      0x00000001
+    #define FSCRYPT_KEY_REMOVAL_STATUS_FLAG_OTHER_USERS     0x00000002
+            __u32 removal_status_flags;     /* output */
+            __u32 __reserved[5];
+    };
+
+This structure must be zeroed, then initialized as follows:
+
+- The key to remove is specified by ``key_spec``:
+
+    - To remove a key used by v1 encryption policies, set
+      ``key_spec.type`` to FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR and fill
+      in ``key_spec.u.descriptor``.  To remove this type of key, the
+      calling process must have the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability in the
+      initial user namespace.
+
+    - To remove a key used by v2 encryption policies, set
+      ``key_spec.type`` to FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_IDENTIFIER and fill
+      in ``key_spec.u.identifier``.
+
+For v2 policy keys, this ioctl is usable by non-root users.  However,
+to make this possible, it actually just removes the current user's
+claim to the key, undoing a single call to FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY.
+Only after all claims are removed is the key really removed.
+
+For example, if FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY was called with uid 1000,
+then the key will be "claimed" by uid 1000, and
+FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY will only succeed as uid 1000.  Or, if
+both uids 1000 and 2000 added the key, then for each uid
+FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY will only remove their own claim.  Only
+once *both* are removed is the key really removed.  (Think of it like
+unlinking a file that may have hard links.)
+
+If FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY really removes the key, it will also
+try to "lock" all files that had been unlocked with the key.  It won't
+lock files that are still in-use, so this ioctl is expected to be used
+in cooperation with userspace ensuring that none of the files are
+still open.  However, if necessary, this ioctl can be executed again
+later to retry locking any remaining files.
+
+FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY returns 0 if either the key was removed
+(but may still have files remaining to be locked), the user's claim to
+the key was removed, or the key was already removed but had files
+remaining to be the locked so the ioctl retried locking them.  In any
+of these cases, ``removal_status_flags`` is filled in with the
+following informational status flags:
+
+- ``FSCRYPT_KEY_REMOVAL_STATUS_FLAG_FILES_BUSY``: set if some file(s)
+  are still in-use.  Not guaranteed to be set in the case where only
+  the user's claim to the key was removed.
+- ``FSCRYPT_KEY_REMOVAL_STATUS_FLAG_OTHER_USERS``: set if only the
+  user's claim to the key was removed, not the key itself
+
+FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY can fail with the following errors:
+
+- ``EACCES``: The FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR key specifier type
+  was specified, but the caller does not have the CAP_SYS_ADMIN
+  capability in the initial user namespace
+- ``EINVAL``: invalid key specifier type, or reserved bits were set
+- ``ENOKEY``: the key object was not found at all, i.e. it was never
+  added in the first place or was already fully removed including all
+  files locked; or, the user does not have a claim to the key (but
+  someone else does).
+- ``ENOTTY``: this type of filesystem does not implement encryption
+- ``EOPNOTSUPP``: the kernel was not configured with encryption
+  support for this filesystem, or the filesystem superblock has not
+  had encryption enabled on it
+
+FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS is exactly the same as
+`FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY`_, except that for v2 policy keys, the
+ALL_USERS version of the ioctl will remove all users' claims to the
+key, not just the current user's.  I.e., the key itself will always be
+removed, no matter how many users have added it.  This difference is
+only meaningful if non-root users are adding and removing keys.
+
+Because of this, FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS also requires
+"root", namely the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability in the initial user
+namespace.  Otherwise it will fail with EACCES.
+
+Getting key status
+------------------
+
+FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS ioctl retrieves the status of a
+master encryption key.  It can be executed on any file or directory on
+the target filesystem, but using the filesystem's root directory is
+recommended.  It takes in a pointer to a :c:type:`struct
+fscrypt_get_key_status_arg`, defined as follows::
+
+    struct fscrypt_get_key_status_arg {
+            /* input */
+            struct fscrypt_key_specifier key_spec;
+            __u32 __reserved[6];
+
+            /* output */
+    #define FSCRYPT_KEY_STATUS_ABSENT               1
+    #define FSCRYPT_KEY_STATUS_PRESENT              2
+    #define FSCRYPT_KEY_STATUS_INCOMPLETELY_REMOVED 3
+            __u32 status;
+    #define FSCRYPT_KEY_STATUS_FLAG_ADDED_BY_SELF   0x00000001
+            __u32 status_flags;
+            __u32 user_count;
+            __u32 __out_reserved[13];
+    };
+
+The caller must zero all input fields, then fill in ``key_spec``:
+
+    - To get the status of a key for v1 encryption policies, set
+      ``key_spec.type`` to FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_DESCRIPTOR and fill
+      in ``key_spec.u.descriptor``.
+
+    - To get the status of a key for v2 encryption policies, set
+      ``key_spec.type`` to FSCRYPT_KEY_SPEC_TYPE_IDENTIFIER and fill
+      in ``key_spec.u.identifier``.
+
+On success, 0 is returned and the kernel fills in the output fields:
+
+- ``status`` indicates whether the key is absent, present, or
+  incompletely removed.  Incompletely removed means that the master
+  secret has been removed, but some files are still in use; i.e.,
+  `FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY`_ returned 0 but set the informational
+  status flag FSCRYPT_KEY_REMOVAL_STATUS_FLAG_FILES_BUSY.
+
+- ``status_flags`` can contain the following flags:
+
+    - ``FSCRYPT_KEY_STATUS_FLAG_ADDED_BY_SELF`` indicates that the key
+      has added by the current user.  This is only set for keys
+      identified by ``identifier`` rather than by ``descriptor``.
+
+- ``user_count`` specifies the number of users who have added the key.
+  This is only set for keys identified by ``identifier`` rather than
+  by ``descriptor``.
+
+FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS can fail with the following errors:
+
+- ``EINVAL``: invalid key specifier type, or reserved bits were set
+- ``ENOTTY``: this type of filesystem does not implement encryption
+- ``EOPNOTSUPP``: the kernel was not configured with encryption
+  support for this filesystem, or the filesystem superblock has not
+  had encryption enabled on it
+
+Among other use cases, FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS can be useful
+for determining whether the key for a given encrypted directory needs
+to be added before prompting the user for the passphrase needed to
+derive the key.
+
+FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS can only get the status of keys in
+the filesystem-level keyring, i.e. the keyring managed by
+`FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY`_ and `FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY`_.  It
+cannot get the status of a key that has only been added for use by v1
+encryption policies using the legacy mechanism involving
+process-subscribed keyrings.
 
 Access semantics
 ================
@@ -500,7 +986,7 @@ Without the key
 
 Some filesystem operations may be performed on encrypted regular
 files, directories, and symlinks even before their encryption key has
-been provided:
+been added, or after their encryption key has been removed:
 
 - File metadata may be read, e.g. using stat().
 
@@ -565,20 +1051,20 @@ Encryption context
 ------------------
 
 An encryption policy is represented on-disk by a :c:type:`struct
-fscrypt_context`.  It is up to individual filesystems to decide where
-to store it, but normally it would be stored in a hidden extended
-attribute.  It should *not* be exposed by the xattr-related system
-calls such as getxattr() and setxattr() because of the special
-semantics of the encryption xattr.  (In particular, there would be
-much confusion if an encryption policy were to be added to or removed
-from anything other than an empty directory.)  The struct is defined
-as follows::
+fscrypt_context_v1` or a :c:type:`struct fscrypt_context_v2`.  It is
+up to individual filesystems to decide where to store it, but normally
+it would be stored in a hidden extended attribute.  It should *not* be
+exposed by the xattr-related system calls such as getxattr() and
+setxattr() because of the special semantics of the encryption xattr.
+(In particular, there would be much confusion if an encryption policy
+were to be added to or removed from anything other than an empty
+directory.)  These structs are defined as follows::
 
-    #define FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE  8
     #define FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE 16
 
-    struct fscrypt_context {
-            u8 format;
+    #define FSCRYPT_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE  8
+    struct fscrypt_context_v1 {
+            u8 version;
             u8 contents_encryption_mode;
             u8 filenames_encryption_mode;
             u8 flags;
@@ -586,12 +1072,23 @@ as follows::
             u8 nonce[FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE];
     };
 
-Note that :c:type:`struct fscrypt_context` contains the same
-information as :c:type:`struct fscrypt_policy` (see `Setting an
-encryption policy`_), except that :c:type:`struct fscrypt_context`
-also contains a nonce.  The nonce is randomly generated by the kernel
-and is used to derive the inode's encryption key as described in
-`Per-file keys`_.
+    #define FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE  16
+    struct fscrypt_context_v2 {
+            u8 version;
+            u8 contents_encryption_mode;
+            u8 filenames_encryption_mode;
+            u8 flags;
+            u8 __reserved[4];
+            u8 master_key_identifier[FSCRYPT_KEY_IDENTIFIER_SIZE];
+            u8 nonce[FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE];
+    };
+
+The context structs contain the same information as the corresponding
+policy structs (see `Setting an encryption policy`_), except that the
+context structs also contain a nonce.  The nonce is randomly generated
+by the kernel and is used as KDF input or as a tweak to cause
+different files to be encrypted differently; see `Per-file keys`_ and
+`DIRECT_KEY and per-mode keys`_.
 
 Data path changes
 -----------------
-- 
2.22.0.770.g0f2c4a37fd-goog


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 12/20] fscrypt: add an HKDF-SHA512 implementation
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 12/20] fscrypt: add an HKDF-SHA512 implementation Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-06 20:43   ` Paul Crowley
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Paul Crowley @ 2019-08-06 20:43 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Eric Biggers
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	linux-fscrypt, keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel,
	Jaegeuk Kim, linux-ext4

On Mon, 5 Aug 2019 at 09:28, Eric Biggers <ebiggers@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
>
> Add an implementation of HKDF (RFC 5869) to fscrypt, for the purpose of
> deriving additional key material from the fscrypt master keys for v2
> encryption policies.  HKDF is a key derivation function built on top of
> HMAC.  We choose SHA-512 for the underlying unkeyed hash, and use an
> "hmac(sha512)" transform allocated from the crypto API.
>
> We'll be using this to replace the AES-ECB based KDF currently used to
> derive the per-file encryption keys.  While the AES-ECB based KDF is
> believed to meet the original security requirements, it is nonstandard
> and has problems that don't exist in modern KDFs such as HKDF:
>
> 1. It's reversible.  Given a derived key and nonce, an attacker can
>    easily compute the master key.  This is okay if the master key and
>    derived keys are equally hard to compromise, but now we'd like to be
>    more robust against threats such as a derived key being compromised
>    through a timing attack, or a derived key for an in-use file being
>    compromised after the master key has already been removed.
>
> 2. It doesn't evenly distribute the entropy from the master key; each 16
>    input bytes only affects the corresponding 16 output bytes.
>
> 3. It isn't easily extensible to deriving other values or keys, such as
>    a public hash for securely identifying the key, or per-mode keys.
>    Per-mode keys will be immediately useful for Adiantum encryption, for
>    which fscrypt currently uses the master key directly, introducing
>    unnecessary usage constraints.  Per-mode keys will also be useful for
>    hardware inline encryption, which is currently being worked on.
>
> HKDF solves all the above problems.
>
> Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
> Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Looks good, feel free to add:

Reviewed-by: Paul Crowley <paulcrowley@google.com>

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 13/20] fscrypt: v2 encryption policy support
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 13/20] fscrypt: v2 encryption policy support Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-06 20:44   ` Paul Crowley
  2019-08-13  0:39   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Paul Crowley @ 2019-08-06 20:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Eric Biggers
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	linux-fscrypt, keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel,
	Jaegeuk Kim, linux-ext4

On Mon, 5 Aug 2019 at 09:28, Eric Biggers <ebiggers@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
>
> Add a new fscrypt policy version, "v2".  It has the following changes
> from the original policy version, which we call "v1" (*):
>
> - Master keys (the user-provided encryption keys) are only ever used as
>   input to HKDF-SHA512.  This is more flexible and less error-prone, and
>   it avoids the quirks and limitations of the AES-128-ECB based KDF.
>   Three classes of cryptographically isolated subkeys are defined:
>
>     - Per-file keys, like used in v1 policies except for the new KDF.
>
>     - Per-mode keys.  These implement the semantics of the DIRECT_KEY
>       flag, which for v1 policies made the master key be used directly.
>       These are also planned to be used for inline encryption when
>       support for it is added.
>
>     - Key identifiers (see below).
>
> - Each master key is identified by a 16-byte master_key_identifier,
>   which is derived from the key itself using HKDF-SHA512.  This prevents
>   users from associating the wrong key with an encrypted file or
>   directory.  This was easily possible with v1 policies, which
>   identified the key by an arbitrary 8-byte master_key_descriptor.
>
> - The key must be provided in the filesystem-level keyring, not in a
>   process-subscribed keyring.
>
> The following UAPI additions are made:
>
> - The existing ioctl FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY can now be passed a
>   fscrypt_policy_v2 to set a v2 encryption policy.  It's disambiguated
>   from fscrypt_policy/fscrypt_policy_v1 by the version code prefix.
>
> - A new ioctl FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX is added.  It allows
>   getting the v1 or v2 encryption policy of an encrypted file or
>   directory.  The existing FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY ioctl could not
>   be used because it did not have a way for userspace to indicate which
>   policy structure is expected.  The new ioctl includes a size field, so
>   it is extensible to future fscrypt policy versions.
>
> - The ioctls FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY, FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY,
>   and FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS now support managing keys for v2
>   encryption policies.  Such keys are kept logically separate from keys
>   for v1 encryption policies, and are identified by 'identifier' rather
>   than by 'descriptor'.  The 'identifier' need not be provided when
>   adding a key, since the kernel will calculate it anyway.
>
> This patch temporarily keeps adding/removing v2 policy keys behind the
> same permission check done for adding/removing v1 policy keys:
> capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN).  However, the next patch will carefully take
> advantage of the cryptographically secure master_key_identifier to allow
> non-root users to add/remove v2 policy keys, thus providing a full
> replacement for v1 policies.
>
> (*) Actually, in the API fscrypt_policy::version is 0 while on-disk
>     fscrypt_context::format is 1.  But I believe it makes the most sense
>     to advance both to '2' to have them be in sync, and to consider the
>     numbering to start at 1 except for the API quirk.
>
> Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Looks good, feel free to add:

Reviewed-by: Paul Crowley <paulcrowley@google.com>

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 05/20] fscrypt: rename fscrypt_master_key to fscrypt_direct_key
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 05/20] fscrypt: rename fscrypt_master_key to fscrypt_direct_key Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-12 22:20   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Theodore Y. Ts'o @ 2019-08-12 22:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Eric Biggers
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel, linux-fscrypt,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

On Mon, Aug 05, 2019 at 09:25:06AM -0700, Eric Biggers wrote:
> From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
> 
> In preparation for introducing a filesystem-level keyring which will
> contain fscrypt master keys, rename the existing 'struct
> fscrypt_master_key' to 'struct fscrypt_direct_key'.  This is the
> structure in the existing table of master keys that's maintained to
> deduplicate the crypto transforms for v1 DIRECT_KEY policies.
> 
> I've chosen to keep this table as-is rather than make it automagically
> add/remove the keys to/from the filesystem-level keyring, since that
> would add a lot of extra complexity to the filesystem-level keyring.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Looks good.  You can add:

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>

						- Ted

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 06/20] fscrypt: refactor key setup code in preparation for v2 policies
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 06/20] fscrypt: refactor key setup code in preparation for v2 policies Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-12 22:38   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Theodore Y. Ts'o @ 2019-08-12 22:38 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Eric Biggers
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel, linux-fscrypt,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

On Mon, Aug 05, 2019 at 09:25:07AM -0700, Eric Biggers wrote:
> From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
> 
> Do some more refactoring of the key setup code, in preparation for
> introducing a filesystem-level keyring and v2 encryption policies:
> 
> - Now that ci_inode exists, don't pass around the inode unnecessarily.
> 
> - Define a function setup_file_encryption_key() which handles the crypto
>   key setup given an under-construction fscrypt_info.  Don't pass the
>   fscrypt_context, since everything is in the fscrypt_info.
>   [This will be extended for v2 policies and the fs-level keyring.]
> 
> - Define a function fscrypt_set_derived_key() which sets the per-file
>   key, without depending on anything specific to v1 policies.
>   [This will also be used for v2 policies.]
> 
> - Define a function fscrypt_setup_v1_file_key() which takes the raw
>   master key, thus separating finding the key from using it.
>   [This will also be used if the key is found in the fs-level keyring.]
> 
> Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Looks good, you can add:

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>

						- Ted

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 07/20] fscrypt: move v1 policy key setup to keysetup_v1.c
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 07/20] fscrypt: move v1 policy key setup to keysetup_v1.c Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-12 22:53   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Theodore Y. Ts'o @ 2019-08-12 22:53 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Eric Biggers
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel, linux-fscrypt,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

On Mon, Aug 05, 2019 at 09:25:08AM -0700, Eric Biggers wrote:
> From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
> 
> In preparation for introducing v2 encryption policies which will find
> and derive encryption keys differently from the current v1 encryption
> policies, move the v1 policy-specific key setup code from keyinfo.c into
> keysetup_v1.c.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Looks good, you can add

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 08/20] fscrypt: rename keyinfo.c to keysetup.c
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 08/20] fscrypt: rename keyinfo.c to keysetup.c Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-12 22:53   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Theodore Y. Ts'o @ 2019-08-12 22:53 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Eric Biggers
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel, linux-fscrypt,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

On Mon, Aug 05, 2019 at 09:25:09AM -0700, Eric Biggers wrote:
> From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
> 
> Rename keyinfo.c to keysetup.c since this better describes what the file
> does (sets up the key), and it matches the new file keysetup_v1.c.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Looks good, you can add:

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 10/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 10/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-13  0:06   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  2019-08-14 22:35     ` Eric Biggers
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 34+ messages in thread
From: Theodore Y. Ts'o @ 2019-08-13  0:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Eric Biggers
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel, linux-fscrypt,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

> +		/* Some inodes still reference this key; try to evict them. */
> +		if (try_to_lock_encrypted_files(sb, mk) != 0)
> +			status_flags |=
> +				FSCRYPT_KEY_REMOVAL_STATUS_FLAG_FILES_BUSY;
> +	}

try_to_lock_encrypted_files() can return other errors besides -EBUSY;
in particular sync_filesystem() can return other errors, such as -EIO
or -EFSCORUPTED.  In that case, I think we're better off returning the
relevant status code back to the user.  We will have already wiped the
master key, but this situation will only happen in exceptional
conditions (e.g., user has ejected the sdcard, etc.), so it's not
worth it to try to undo the master key wipe to try to restore things
to the pre-ioctl execution state.

So I think we should capture the return code from
try_to_lock_encrypted_files, and if it is EBUSY, we can set FILES_BUSY
flag and return success.  Otherwise, we should return the error.

If you agree, please fix that up and then feel free to add:

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>

						- Ted

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 14/20] fscrypt: allow unprivileged users to add/remove keys for v2 policies
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 14/20] fscrypt: allow unprivileged users to add/remove keys for v2 policies Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-13  0:14   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Theodore Y. Ts'o @ 2019-08-13  0:14 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Eric Biggers
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel, linux-fscrypt,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

On Mon, Aug 05, 2019 at 09:25:15AM -0700, Eric Biggers wrote:
> From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
> 
> Allow the FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY and FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY
> ioctls to be used by non-root users to add and remove encryption keys
> from the filesystem-level crypto keyrings, subject to limitations.
> 
> Motivation: while privileged fscrypt key management is sufficient for
> some users (e.g. Android and Chromium OS, where a privileged process
> manages all keys), the old API by design also allows non-root users to
> set up and use encrypted directories, and we don't want to regress on
> that.  Especially, we don't want to force users to continue using the
> old API, running into the visibility mismatch between files and keyrings
> and being unable to "lock" encrypted directories.
> 
> Intuitively, the ioctls have to be privileged since they manipulate
> filesystem-level state.  However, it's actually safe to make them
> unprivileged if we very carefully enforce some specific limitations.
> 
> First, each key must be identified by a cryptographic hash so that a
> user can't add the wrong key for another user's files.  For v2
> encryption policies, we use the key_identifier for this.  v1 policies
> don't have this, so managing keys for them remains privileged.
> 
> Second, each key a user adds is charged to their quota for the keyrings
> service.  Thus, a user can't exhaust memory by adding a huge number of
> keys.  By default each non-root user is allowed up to 200 keys; this can
> be changed using the existing sysctl 'kernel.keys.maxkeys'.
> 
> Third, if multiple users add the same key, we keep track of those users
> of the key (of which there remains a single copy), and won't really
> remove the key, i.e. "lock" the encrypted files, until all those users
> have removed it.  This prevents denial of service attacks that would be
> possible under simpler schemes, such allowing the first user who added a
> key to remove it -- since that could be a malicious user who has
> compromised the key.  Of course, encryption keys should be kept secret,
> but the idea is that using encryption should never be *less* secure than
> not using encryption, even if your key was compromised.
> 
> We tolerate that a user will be unable to really remove a key, i.e.
> unable to "lock" their encrypted files, if another user has added the
> same key.  But in a sense, this is actually a good thing because it will
> avoid providing a false notion of security where a key appears to have
> been removed when actually it's still in memory, available to any
> attacker who compromises the operating system kernel.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Looks good.  I'd probably would have used either "mk_secret_sem" or
"mk->mk_secret_sem" in the comments, instead of "->mk_securet_sem",
but that's just a personal style preference.  Since you consistently
used the latter, I assume that's a deliberate choice, which is fine.

Feel free to add:

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 15/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS ioctl
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 15/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS ioctl Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-13  0:15   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Theodore Y. Ts'o @ 2019-08-13  0:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Eric Biggers
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel, linux-fscrypt,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

On Mon, Aug 05, 2019 at 09:25:16AM -0700, Eric Biggers wrote:
> From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
> 
> Add a root-only variant of the FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl which
> removes all users' claims of the key, not just the current user's claim.
> I.e., it always removes the key itself, no matter how many users have
> added it.
> 
> This is useful for forcing a directory to be locked, without having to
> figure out which user ID(s) the key was added under.  This is planned to
> be used by a command like 'sudo fscrypt lock DIR --all-users' in the
> fscrypt userspace tool (http://github.com/google/fscrypt).
> 
> Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Looks good, thanks.   Feel free to add:

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 13/20] fscrypt: v2 encryption policy support
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 13/20] fscrypt: v2 encryption policy support Eric Biggers
  2019-08-06 20:44   ` Paul Crowley
@ 2019-08-13  0:39   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Theodore Y. Ts'o @ 2019-08-13  0:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Eric Biggers
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel, linux-fscrypt,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

On Mon, Aug 05, 2019 at 09:25:14AM -0700, Eric Biggers wrote:
> From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
> 
> Add a new fscrypt policy version, "v2".  It has the following changes
> from the original policy version, which we call "v1" (*):
> 
> - Master keys (the user-provided encryption keys) are only ever used as
>   input to HKDF-SHA512.  This is more flexible and less error-prone, and
>   it avoids the quirks and limitations of the AES-128-ECB based KDF.
>   Three classes of cryptographically isolated subkeys are defined:
> 
>     - Per-file keys, like used in v1 policies except for the new KDF.
> 
>     - Per-mode keys.  These implement the semantics of the DIRECT_KEY
>       flag, which for v1 policies made the master key be used directly.
>       These are also planned to be used for inline encryption when
>       support for it is added.
> 
>     - Key identifiers (see below).
> 
> - Each master key is identified by a 16-byte master_key_identifier,
>   which is derived from the key itself using HKDF-SHA512.  This prevents
>   users from associating the wrong key with an encrypted file or
>   directory.  This was easily possible with v1 policies, which
>   identified the key by an arbitrary 8-byte master_key_descriptor.
> 
> - The key must be provided in the filesystem-level keyring, not in a
>   process-subscribed keyring.
> 
> The following UAPI additions are made:
> 
> - The existing ioctl FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY can now be passed a
>   fscrypt_policy_v2 to set a v2 encryption policy.  It's disambiguated
>   from fscrypt_policy/fscrypt_policy_v1 by the version code prefix.
> 
> - A new ioctl FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY_EX is added.  It allows
>   getting the v1 or v2 encryption policy of an encrypted file or
>   directory.  The existing FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY ioctl could not
>   be used because it did not have a way for userspace to indicate which
>   policy structure is expected.  The new ioctl includes a size field, so
>   it is extensible to future fscrypt policy versions.
> 
> - The ioctls FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY, FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY,
>   and FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS now support managing keys for v2
>   encryption policies.  Such keys are kept logically separate from keys
>   for v1 encryption policies, and are identified by 'identifier' rather
>   than by 'descriptor'.  The 'identifier' need not be provided when
>   adding a key, since the kernel will calculate it anyway.
> 
> This patch temporarily keeps adding/removing v2 policy keys behind the
> same permission check done for adding/removing v1 policy keys:
> capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN).  However, the next patch will carefully take
> advantage of the cryptographically secure master_key_identifier to allow
> non-root users to add/remove v2 policy keys, thus providing a full
> replacement for v1 policies.
> 
> (*) Actually, in the API fscrypt_policy::version is 0 while on-disk
>     fscrypt_context::format is 1.  But I believe it makes the most sense
>     to advance both to '2' to have them be in sync, and to consider the
>     numbering to start at 1 except for the API quirk.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Looks good, feel free to add:

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 20/20] fscrypt: document the new ioctls and policy version
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 20/20] fscrypt: document the new ioctls and policy version Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-13  0:49   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Theodore Y. Ts'o @ 2019-08-13  0:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Eric Biggers
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel, linux-fscrypt,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

On Mon, Aug 05, 2019 at 09:25:21AM -0700, Eric Biggers wrote:
> From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
> 
> Update the fscrypt documentation file to catch up to all the latest
> changes, including the new ioctls to manage master encryption keys in
> the filesystem-level keyring and the support for v2 encryption policies.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>

Looks good, thanks!  Feel free to add:

Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 10/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl
  2019-08-13  0:06   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
@ 2019-08-14 22:35     ` Eric Biggers
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-14 22:35 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Theodore Y. Ts'o
  Cc: Satya Tangirala, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel, linux-fscrypt,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	linux-ext4, Paul Crowley

On Mon, Aug 12, 2019 at 08:06:44PM -0400, Theodore Y. Ts'o wrote:
> > +		/* Some inodes still reference this key; try to evict them. */
> > +		if (try_to_lock_encrypted_files(sb, mk) != 0)
> > +			status_flags |=
> > +				FSCRYPT_KEY_REMOVAL_STATUS_FLAG_FILES_BUSY;
> > +	}
> 
> try_to_lock_encrypted_files() can return other errors besides -EBUSY;
> in particular sync_filesystem() can return other errors, such as -EIO
> or -EFSCORUPTED.  In that case, I think we're better off returning the
> relevant status code back to the user.  We will have already wiped the
> master key, but this situation will only happen in exceptional
> conditions (e.g., user has ejected the sdcard, etc.), so it's not
> worth it to try to undo the master key wipe to try to restore things
> to the pre-ioctl execution state.
> 
> So I think we should capture the return code from
> try_to_lock_encrypted_files, and if it is EBUSY, we can set FILES_BUSY
> flag and return success.  Otherwise, we should return the error.
> 
> If you agree, please fix that up and then feel free to add:
> 
> Reviewed-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
> 
> 						- Ted

Yes, that makes sense.  I've made the following change to this patch:

diff --git a/fs/crypto/keyring.c b/fs/crypto/keyring.c
index 9901593051424b..c3423f0edc7014 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keyring.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keyring.c
@@ -479,6 +479,7 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
 	struct key *key;
 	struct fscrypt_master_key *mk;
 	u32 status_flags = 0;
+	int err;
 	bool dead;
 
 	if (copy_from_user(&arg, uarg, sizeof(arg)))
@@ -514,11 +515,15 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
 		 * key object is free to be removed from the keyring.
 		 */
 		key_invalidate(key);
+		err = 0;
 	} else {
 		/* Some inodes still reference this key; try to evict them. */
-		if (try_to_lock_encrypted_files(sb, mk) != 0)
+		err = try_to_lock_encrypted_files(sb, mk);
+		if (err == -EBUSY) {
 			status_flags |=
 				FSCRYPT_KEY_REMOVAL_STATUS_FLAG_FILES_BUSY;
+			err = 0;
+		}
 	}
 	/*
 	 * We return 0 if we successfully did something: wiped the secret, or
@@ -527,7 +532,9 @@ int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *_uarg)
 	 * including all files locked.
 	 */
 	key_put(key);
-	return put_user(status_flags, &uarg->removal_status_flags);
+	if (err == 0)
+		err = put_user(status_flags, &uarg->removal_status_flags);
+	return err;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key);
 

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* Re: [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements
  2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
                   ` (19 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 20/20] fscrypt: document the new ioctls and policy version Eric Biggers
@ 2019-08-14 22:37 ` Eric Biggers
  20 siblings, 0 replies; 34+ messages in thread
From: Eric Biggers @ 2019-08-14 22:37 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-fscrypt
  Cc: linux-ext4, Theodore Ts'o, linux-api, linux-f2fs-devel,
	keyrings, linux-mtd, linux-crypto, linux-fsdevel, Jaegeuk Kim,
	Satya Tangirala, Paul Crowley

On Mon, Aug 05, 2019 at 09:25:01AM -0700, Eric Biggers wrote:
> Hello,
> 
> [Note: I'd like to apply this for v5.4.  Additional review is greatly
>  appreciated, especially of the API before it's set in stone.  Thanks!]
> 
> This patchset makes major improvements to how keys are added, removed,
> and derived in fscrypt, aka ext4/f2fs/ubifs encryption.  It does this by
> adding new ioctls that add and remove encryption keys directly to/from
> the filesystem, and by adding a new encryption policy version ("v2")
> where the user-provided keys are only used as input to HKDF-SHA512 and
> are identified by their cryptographic hash.
> 
> All new APIs and all cryptosystem changes are documented in
> Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst.  Userspace can use the new key
> management ioctls with existing encrypted directories, but migrating to
> v2 encryption policies is needed for the full benefits.
> 

I've applied this patchset to the fscrypt tree for 5.4.

- Eric

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 34+ messages in thread

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Thread overview: 34+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-08-05 16:25 [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 01/20] fs, fscrypt: move uapi definitions to new header <linux/fscrypt.h> Eric Biggers
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 02/20] fscrypt: use FSCRYPT_ prefix for uapi constants Eric Biggers
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 03/20] fscrypt: use FSCRYPT_* definitions, not FS_* Eric Biggers
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 04/20] fscrypt: add ->ci_inode to fscrypt_info Eric Biggers
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 05/20] fscrypt: rename fscrypt_master_key to fscrypt_direct_key Eric Biggers
2019-08-12 22:20   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 06/20] fscrypt: refactor key setup code in preparation for v2 policies Eric Biggers
2019-08-12 22:38   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 07/20] fscrypt: move v1 policy key setup to keysetup_v1.c Eric Biggers
2019-08-12 22:53   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 08/20] fscrypt: rename keyinfo.c to keysetup.c Eric Biggers
2019-08-12 22:53   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 09/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_ADD_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl Eric Biggers
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 10/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY ioctl Eric Biggers
2019-08-13  0:06   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
2019-08-14 22:35     ` Eric Biggers
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 11/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_KEY_STATUS ioctl Eric Biggers
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 12/20] fscrypt: add an HKDF-SHA512 implementation Eric Biggers
2019-08-06 20:43   ` Paul Crowley
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 13/20] fscrypt: v2 encryption policy support Eric Biggers
2019-08-06 20:44   ` Paul Crowley
2019-08-13  0:39   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 14/20] fscrypt: allow unprivileged users to add/remove keys for v2 policies Eric Biggers
2019-08-13  0:14   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 15/20] fscrypt: add FS_IOC_REMOVE_ENCRYPTION_KEY_ALL_USERS ioctl Eric Biggers
2019-08-13  0:15   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 16/20] fscrypt: require that key be added when setting a v2 encryption policy Eric Biggers
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 17/20] ext4: wire up new fscrypt ioctls Eric Biggers
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 18/20] f2fs: " Eric Biggers
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 19/20] ubifs: " Eric Biggers
2019-08-05 16:25 ` [PATCH v8 20/20] fscrypt: document the new ioctls and policy version Eric Biggers
2019-08-13  0:49   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
2019-08-14 22:37 ` [PATCH v8 00/20] fscrypt: key management improvements Eric Biggers

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