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From: <Tudor.Ambarus@microchip.com>
To: <michael@walle.cc>
Cc: vigneshr@ti.com, richard@nod.at, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	boris.brezillon@collabora.com, linux-mtd@lists.infradead.org,
	miquel.raynal@bootlin.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v5 1/3] mtd: spi-nor: atmel: remove global protection flag
Date: Thu, 26 Nov 2020 16:42:54 +0000
Message-ID: <40cab307-1ef5-92e0-c922-9766f5ddf6d6@microchip.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <f9724ff71809557283beb7c8c4d4b356@walle.cc>

On 11/25/20 8:17 PM, Michael Walle wrote:
> EXTERNAL EMAIL: Do not click links or open attachments unless you know the content is safe
> 
> Am 2020-11-24 20:09, schrieb Tudor.Ambarus@microchip.com:
>> On 10/3/20 6:32 PM, Michael Walle wrote:
>>> EXTERNAL EMAIL: Do not click links or open attachments unless you know
>>> the content is safe
>>>
>>> This is considered bad for the following reasons:
>>>  (1) We only support the block protection with BPn bits for write
>>>      protection. Not all Atmel parts support this.
>>>  (2) Newly added flash chip will automatically inherit the "has
>>>      locking" support and thus needs to explicitly tested. Better
>>>      be opt-in instead of opt-out.
>>>  (3) There are already supported flashes which doesn't support
>>>      the locking scheme. So I assume this wasn't properly tested
>>>      before adding that chip; which enforces my previous argument
>>>      that locking support should be an opt-in.
>>>
>>> Remove the global flag and add individual flags to all flashes which
>>> supports BP locking. In particular the following flashes don't support
>>> the BP scheme:
>>>  - AT26F004
>>>  - AT25SL321
>>>  - AT45DB081D
>>>
>>> Please note, that some flashes which are marked as SPI_NOR_HAS_LOCK
>>> just
>>> support Global Protection, i.e. not our supported block protection
>>> locking scheme. This is to keep backwards compatibility with the
>>> current "unlock all at boot" mechanism. In particular the following
>>> flashes doesn't have BP bits:
>>>  - AT25DF041A
>>>  - AT25DF321
>>>  - AT25DF321A
>>>  - AT25DF641
>>>  - AT26DF081A
>>>  - AT26DF161A
>>>  - AT26DF321
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Michael Walle <michael@walle.cc>
>>
>> Reviewed-by: Tudor Ambarus <tudor.ambarus@microchip.com>
>>
>>> ---
>>> changes since v4:
>>>  - none
>>>
>>> changes since v3/v2/v1:
>>>  - there was no such version because this patch was bundled with
>>> another
>>>    patch
>>>
>>> changes since RFC:
>>>  - mention the flashes which just support the "Global Unprotect" in
>>> the
>>>    commit message
>>>
>>>  drivers/mtd/spi-nor/atmel.c | 28 +++++++++-------------------
>>>  1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/atmel.c b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/atmel.c
>>> index 3f5f21a473a6..49d392c6c8bc 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/atmel.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/atmel.c
>>> @@ -10,37 +10,27 @@
>>>
>>>  static const struct flash_info atmel_parts[] = {
>>>         /* Atmel -- some are (confusingly) marketed as "DataFlash" */
>>> -       { "at25fs010",  INFO(0x1f6601, 0, 32 * 1024,   4, SECT_4K) },
>>> -       { "at25fs040",  INFO(0x1f6604, 0, 64 * 1024,   8, SECT_4K) },
>>> +       { "at25fs010",  INFO(0x1f6601, 0, 32 * 1024,   4, SECT_4K |
>>> SPI_NOR_HAS_LOCK) },
>>
>> https://datasheetspdf.com/pdf-file/587164/ATMELCorporation/AT25FS010/1
>> BP bits are at bit 2, 3, 5 and 6.
>> BP0, BP1, BP3, BP4 and WPEN, are nonvolatile cells
>>
>>> +       { "at25fs040",  INFO(0x1f6604, 0, 64 * 1024,   8, SECT_4K |
>>> SPI_NOR_HAS_LOCK) },
>>
>> https://datasheetspdf.com/pdf-file/587165/ATMELCorporation/AT25FS040/1
>> BP bits are at bit 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.
>> BP0, BP1, BP2, BP3, BP4 are nonvolatile cells
>>
>>>
>>> -       { "at25df041a", INFO(0x1f4401, 0, 64 * 1024,   8, SECT_4K) },
>>> -       { "at25df321",  INFO(0x1f4700, 0, 64 * 1024,  64, SECT_4K) },
>>> -       { "at25df321a", INFO(0x1f4701, 0, 64 * 1024,  64, SECT_4K) },
>>> -       { "at25df641",  INFO(0x1f4800, 0, 64 * 1024, 128, SECT_4K) },
>>> +       { "at25df041a", INFO(0x1f4401, 0, 64 * 1024,   8, SECT_4K |
>>> SPI_NOR_HAS_LOCK) },
>>
>> https://datasheetspdf.com/pdf-file/975331/Adesto/AT25DF041A/1
>> Global Protect/Unprotect using Write SR command:
>> Global Unlock: write 0x00 to SR
>> Global Lock: Read SR. If SR.SPRL is 1 write 0xff to SR, else write
>> 0x7f.
> 
> That is not my understanding. Quote:
>   To perform a Global Protect, the appropriate WP pin and SPRL
>   conditions must be met, and the system must write a logical “1”
>   to bits 5, 4, 3, and 2 of the Status Register.
> 
> And
>   Conversely, to per-form a Global Unprotect, the same WP and SPRL
>   conditions must be met but the system must write a logical “0” to
>   bits 5, 4, 3, and 2 of the Status Register
> 
> Keep in mind that bit 5, 4, 3 and 2 is exactly the
> ATMEL_SR_GLOBAL_PROTECT_MASK. The SPRL bit is handled in the unlock()
> function. Accoring to table 9.2 you also have to first disable the SPRL
> bit and then write the BP bits to zero.
> 

We took this on irc, I try to summarize the conclusions:
1/ for global unlock protect we have to first set SPRL to zero, if not already
set, then to set the BP bits to zero
2/ for global lock protect, SPRL and BP bits should be written in one shot
3/ consider WP#: set SPRL to 1 when something is locked, set it to zero
if nothing is locked.
4/ at25fs010 and at25fs040 have a BPn mechanism that uses BP4, similar to
what we have in spi_nor_sr_locking_ops(). We decided that it doesn't worth
to pollute the core function just for these flashes, they will have their
own fixup hook. We can't use the hook introduced in 3/3 because those
flashes are using "individual sector protection", and even if the
"global protect/unprotect feature" is close to writing a 0x0 to SR,
eventually the "individual sector protection" locking mechanism should be
extended to also support individual sector locking.

I hope that I didn't miss anything.
ta
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  parent reply index

Thread overview: 17+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-10-03 15:32 [PATCH v5 0/3] mtd: spi-nor: keep lock bits if they are non-volatile Michael Walle
2020-10-03 15:32 ` [PATCH v5 1/3] mtd: spi-nor: atmel: remove global protection flag Michael Walle
2020-11-24 19:09   ` Tudor.Ambarus
2020-11-25 18:17     ` Michael Walle
2020-11-26 12:45       ` Tudor.Ambarus
2020-11-26 12:59         ` Tudor.Ambarus
2020-11-26 16:42       ` Tudor.Ambarus [this message]
2020-11-26 18:44         ` Michael Walle
2020-10-03 15:32 ` [PATCH v5 2/3] mtd: spi-nor: sst: " Michael Walle
2020-11-24 19:50   ` Tudor.Ambarus
2020-10-03 15:32 ` [PATCH v5 3/3] mtd: spi-nor: keep lock bits if they are non-volatile Michael Walle
2020-11-25 12:21   ` Tudor.Ambarus
2020-11-25 18:52     ` Michael Walle
2020-11-26 16:47       ` Tudor.Ambarus
2020-11-26 20:46       ` Michael Walle
2020-10-27 22:26 ` [PATCH v5 0/3] " Michael Walle
2020-11-10 13:07   ` Vignesh Raghavendra

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