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* [PATCH v3 0/2] powerpc/papr_scm: add support for reporting NVDIMM 'life_used_percentage' metric
@ 2020-07-30 12:13 Vaibhav Jain
  2020-07-30 12:13 ` [PATCH v3 1/2] powerpc/papr_scm: Fetch nvdimm performance stats from PHYP Vaibhav Jain
  2020-07-30 12:13 ` [PATCH v3 2/2] powerpc/papr_scm: Add support for fetching nvdimm 'fuel-gauge' metric Vaibhav Jain
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Vaibhav Jain @ 2020-07-30 12:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linuxppc-dev, linux-nvdimm
  Cc: Vaibhav Jain, Aneesh Kumar K . V, Michael Ellerman

Changes since v2[1]:

* Updated drc_pmem_query_stats() to reduce the number of input args
  to the function based suggestions from Aneesh.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-nvdimm/20200726122030.31529-1-vaibhav@linux.ibm.com
---

This small patchset implements kernel side support for reporting
'life_used_percentage' metric in NDCTL with dimm health output for
papr-scm NVDIMMs. With corresponding NDCTL side changes output for
should be like:

$ sudo ndctl list -DH
[
  {
    "dev":"nmem0",
    "health":{
      "health_state":"ok",
      "life_used_percentage":0,
      "shutdown_state":"clean"
    }
  }
]

PHYP supports H_SCM_PERFORMANCE_STATS hcall through which an LPAR can
fetch various performance stats including 'fuel_gauge' percentage for
an NVDIMM. 'fuel_gauge' metric indicates the usable life remaining of
an NVDIMM expressed as percentage and  'life_used_percentage' can be
calculated as 'life_used_percentage = 100 - fuel_gauge'.

Structure of the patchset
=========================
First patch implements necessary scaffolding needed to issue the
H_SCM_PERFORMANCE_STATS hcall and fetch performance stats
catalogue. The patch also implements support for 'perf_stats' sysfs
attribute to report the full catalogue of supported performance stats
by PHYP.

Second and final patch implements support for sending this value to
libndctl by extending the PAPR_PDSM_HEALTH pdsm payload to add a new
field named 'dimm_fuel_gauge' to it.

Vaibhav Jain (2):
  powerpc/papr_scm: Fetch nvdimm performance stats from PHYP
  powerpc/papr_scm: Add support for fetching nvdimm 'fuel-gauge' metric

 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem |  27 +++
 arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h     |   9 +
 arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c     | 199 ++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 235 insertions(+)

-- 
2.26.2
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 1/2] powerpc/papr_scm: Fetch nvdimm performance stats from PHYP
  2020-07-30 12:13 [PATCH v3 0/2] powerpc/papr_scm: add support for reporting NVDIMM 'life_used_percentage' metric Vaibhav Jain
@ 2020-07-30 12:13 ` Vaibhav Jain
  2020-07-30 12:13 ` [PATCH v3 2/2] powerpc/papr_scm: Add support for fetching nvdimm 'fuel-gauge' metric Vaibhav Jain
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Vaibhav Jain @ 2020-07-30 12:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linuxppc-dev, linux-nvdimm
  Cc: Vaibhav Jain, Aneesh Kumar K . V, Michael Ellerman

Update papr_scm.c to query dimm performance statistics from PHYP via
H_SCM_PERFORMANCE_STATS hcall and export them to user-space as PAPR
specific NVDIMM attribute 'perf_stats' in sysfs. The patch also
provide a sysfs ABI documentation for the stats being reported and
their meanings.

During NVDIMM probe time in papr_scm_nvdimm_init() a special variant
of H_SCM_PERFORMANCE_STATS hcall is issued to check if collection of
performance statistics is supported or not. If successful then a PHYP
returns a maximum possible buffer length needed to read all
performance stats. This returned value is stored in a per-nvdimm
attribute 'stat_buffer_len'.

The layout of request buffer for reading NVDIMM performance stats from
PHYP is defined in 'struct papr_scm_perf_stats' and 'struct
papr_scm_perf_stat'. These structs are used in newly introduced
drc_pmem_query_stats() that issues the H_SCM_PERFORMANCE_STATS hcall.

The sysfs access function perf_stats_show() uses value
'stat_buffer_len' to allocate a buffer large enough to hold all
possible NVDIMM performance stats and passes it to
drc_pmem_query_stats() to populate. Finally statistics reported in the
buffer are formatted into the sysfs access function output buffer.

Signed-off-by: Vaibhav Jain <vaibhav@linux.ibm.com>
---
Changelog:

v3:
* Updated drc_pmem_query_stats() to not require 'buff_size' and 'out'
  args to the function. Instead 'buff_size' is calculated from
  'num_stats' and instead of populating 'R4' in arg 'out' the value is
  returned from the function in case 'R4' represents
  'max-buffer-size'. [ Aneesh ]

Resend:
None

v2:
* Updated 'struct papr_scm_perf_stats' and 'struct papr_scm_perf_stat'
to use big-endian types. [ Aneesh ]
* s/len_stat_buffer/stat_buffer_len/ [ Aneesh ]
* s/statistics_id/stat_id/ , s/statistics_val/stat_val/ [ Aneesh ]
* Conversion from Big endian to cpu endian happens later rather than
just after its fetched from PHYP.
* Changed a log statement to unambiguously report dimm performance
stats are not available for the given nvdimm [ Ira ]
* Restructed some code to handle error case first [ Ira ]
---
 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem |  27 ++++
 arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c     | 150 ++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 177 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem
index 5b10d036a8d4..c1a67275c43f 100644
--- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem
@@ -25,3 +25,30 @@ Description:
 				  NVDIMM have been scrubbed.
 		* "locked"	: Indicating that NVDIMM contents cant
 				  be modified until next power cycle.
+
+What:		/sys/bus/nd/devices/nmemX/papr/perf_stats
+Date:		May, 2020
+KernelVersion:	v5.9
+Contact:	linuxppc-dev <linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org>, linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org,
+Description:
+		(RO) Report various performance stats related to papr-scm NVDIMM
+		device.  Each stat is reported on a new line with each line
+		composed of a stat-identifier followed by it value. Below are
+		currently known dimm performance stats which are reported:
+
+		* "CtlResCt" : Controller Reset Count
+		* "CtlResTm" : Controller Reset Elapsed Time
+		* "PonSecs " : Power-on Seconds
+		* "MemLife " : Life Remaining
+		* "CritRscU" : Critical Resource Utilization
+		* "HostLCnt" : Host Load Count
+		* "HostSCnt" : Host Store Count
+		* "HostSDur" : Host Store Duration
+		* "HostLDur" : Host Load Duration
+		* "MedRCnt " : Media Read Count
+		* "MedWCnt " : Media Write Count
+		* "MedRDur " : Media Read Duration
+		* "MedWDur " : Media Write Duration
+		* "CchRHCnt" : Cache Read Hit Count
+		* "CchWHCnt" : Cache Write Hit Count
+		* "FastWCnt" : Fast Write Count
\ No newline at end of file
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
index 8fd441d32487..29cab86141d8 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
@@ -64,6 +64,26 @@
 				    PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_FATAL |	\
 				    PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_UNHEALTHY)
 
+#define PAPR_SCM_PERF_STATS_EYECATCHER __stringify(SCMSTATS)
+#define PAPR_SCM_PERF_STATS_VERSION 0x1
+
+/* Struct holding a single performance metric */
+struct papr_scm_perf_stat {
+	u8 stat_id[8];
+	__be64 stat_val;
+} __packed;
+
+/* Struct exchanged between kernel and PHYP for fetching drc perf stats */
+struct papr_scm_perf_stats {
+	u8 eye_catcher[8];
+	/* Should be PAPR_SCM_PERF_STATS_VERSION */
+	__be32 stats_version;
+	/* Number of stats following */
+	__be32 num_statistics;
+	/* zero or more performance matrics */
+	struct papr_scm_perf_stat scm_statistic[];
+} __packed;
+
 /* private struct associated with each region */
 struct papr_scm_priv {
 	struct platform_device *pdev;
@@ -92,6 +112,9 @@ struct papr_scm_priv {
 
 	/* Health information for the dimm */
 	u64 health_bitmap;
+
+	/* length of the stat buffer as expected by phyp */
+	size_t stat_buffer_len;
 };
 
 LIST_HEAD(papr_nd_regions);
@@ -200,6 +223,79 @@ static int drc_pmem_query_n_bind(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
 	return drc_pmem_bind(p);
 }
 
+/*
+ * Query the Dimm performance stats from PHYP and copy them (if returned) to
+ * provided struct papr_scm_perf_stats instance 'stats' that can hold atleast
+ * (num_stats + header) bytes.
+ * - If buff_stats == NULL the return value is the size in byes of the buffer
+ * needed to hold all supported performance-statistics.
+ * - If buff_stats != NULL and num_stats == 0 then we copy all known
+ * performance-statistics to 'buff_stat' and expect to be large enough to
+ * hold them.
+ * - if buff_stats != NULL and num_stats > 0 then copy the requested
+ * performance-statistics to buff_stats.
+ */
+static ssize_t drc_pmem_query_stats(struct papr_scm_priv *p,
+				    struct papr_scm_perf_stats *buff_stats,
+				    unsigned int num_stats)
+{
+	unsigned long ret[PLPAR_HCALL_BUFSIZE];
+	size_t size;
+	s64 rc;
+
+	/* Setup the out buffer */
+	if (buff_stats) {
+		memcpy(buff_stats->eye_catcher,
+		       PAPR_SCM_PERF_STATS_EYECATCHER, 8);
+		buff_stats->stats_version =
+			cpu_to_be32(PAPR_SCM_PERF_STATS_VERSION);
+		buff_stats->num_statistics =
+			cpu_to_be32(num_stats);
+
+		/*
+		 * Calculate the buffer size based on num-stats provided
+		 * or use the prefetched max buffer length
+		 */
+		if (num_stats)
+			/* Calculate size from the num_stats */
+			size = sizeof(struct papr_scm_perf_stats) +
+				num_stats * sizeof(struct papr_scm_perf_stat);
+		else
+			size = p->stat_buffer_len;
+	} else {
+		/* In case of no out buffer ignore the size */
+		size = 0;
+	}
+
+	/* Do the HCALL asking PHYP for info */
+	rc = plpar_hcall(H_SCM_PERFORMANCE_STATS, ret, p->drc_index,
+			 buff_stats ? virt_to_phys(buff_stats) : 0,
+			 size);
+
+	/* Check if the error was due to an unknown stat-id */
+	if (rc == H_PARTIAL) {
+		dev_err(&p->pdev->dev,
+			"Unknown performance stats, Err:0x%016lX\n", ret[0]);
+		return -ENOENT;
+	} else if (rc != H_SUCCESS) {
+		dev_err(&p->pdev->dev,
+			"Failed to query performance stats, Err:%lld\n", rc);
+		return -EIO;
+
+	} else if (!size) {
+		/* Handle case where stat buffer size was requested */
+		dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev,
+			"Performance stats size %ld\n", ret[0]);
+		return ret[0];
+	}
+
+	/* Successfully fetched the requested stats from phyp */
+	dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev,
+			"Performance stats returned %d stats\n",
+			be32_to_cpu(buff_stats->num_statistics));
+	return 0;
+}
+
 /*
  * Issue hcall to retrieve dimm health info and populate papr_scm_priv with the
  * health information.
@@ -637,6 +733,48 @@ static int papr_scm_ndctl(struct nvdimm_bus_descriptor *nd_desc,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static ssize_t perf_stats_show(struct device *dev,
+			       struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	int index, rc;
+	struct seq_buf s;
+	struct papr_scm_perf_stat *stat;
+	struct papr_scm_perf_stats *stats;
+	struct nvdimm *dimm = to_nvdimm(dev);
+	struct papr_scm_priv *p = nvdimm_provider_data(dimm);
+
+	if (!p->stat_buffer_len)
+		return -ENOENT;
+
+	/* Allocate the buffer for phyp where stats are written */
+	stats = kzalloc(p->stat_buffer_len, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!stats)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	/* Ask phyp to return all dimm perf stats */
+	rc = drc_pmem_query_stats(p, stats, p->stat_buffer_len, 0, NULL);
+	if (rc)
+		goto free_stats;
+	/*
+	 * Go through the returned output buffer and print stats and
+	 * values. Since stat_id is essentially a char string of
+	 * 8 bytes, simply use the string format specifier to print it.
+	 */
+	seq_buf_init(&s, buf, PAGE_SIZE);
+	for (index = 0, stat = stats->scm_statistic;
+	     index < be32_to_cpu(stats->num_statistics);
+	     ++index, ++stat) {
+		seq_buf_printf(&s, "%.8s = 0x%016llX\n",
+			       stat->stat_id,
+			       be64_to_cpu(stat->stat_val));
+	}
+
+free_stats:
+	kfree(stats);
+	return rc ? rc : seq_buf_used(&s);
+}
+DEVICE_ATTR_RO(perf_stats);
+
 static ssize_t flags_show(struct device *dev,
 			  struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
 {
@@ -682,6 +820,7 @@ DEVICE_ATTR_RO(flags);
 /* papr_scm specific dimm attributes */
 static struct attribute *papr_nd_attributes[] = {
 	&dev_attr_flags.attr,
+	&dev_attr_perf_stats.attr,
 	NULL,
 };
 
@@ -702,6 +841,7 @@ static int papr_scm_nvdimm_init(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
 	struct nd_region_desc ndr_desc;
 	unsigned long dimm_flags;
 	int target_nid, online_nid;
+	ssize_t stat_size;
 
 	p->bus_desc.ndctl = papr_scm_ndctl;
 	p->bus_desc.module = THIS_MODULE;
@@ -769,6 +909,16 @@ static int papr_scm_nvdimm_init(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
 	list_add_tail(&p->region_list, &papr_nd_regions);
 	mutex_unlock(&papr_ndr_lock);
 
+	/* Try retriving the stat buffer and see if its supported */
+	stat_size = drc_pmem_query_stats(p, NULL, 0);
+	if (stat_size > 0) {
+		p->stat_buffer_len = stat_size;
+		dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev, "Max perf-stat size %lu-bytes\n",
+			p->stat_buffer_len);
+	} else {
+		dev_info(&p->pdev->dev, "Dimm performance stats unavailable\n");
+	}
+
 	return 0;
 
 err:	nvdimm_bus_unregister(p->bus);
-- 
2.26.2
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To unsubscribe send an email to linux-nvdimm-leave@lists.01.org

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 2/2] powerpc/papr_scm: Add support for fetching nvdimm 'fuel-gauge' metric
  2020-07-30 12:13 [PATCH v3 0/2] powerpc/papr_scm: add support for reporting NVDIMM 'life_used_percentage' metric Vaibhav Jain
  2020-07-30 12:13 ` [PATCH v3 1/2] powerpc/papr_scm: Fetch nvdimm performance stats from PHYP Vaibhav Jain
@ 2020-07-30 12:13 ` Vaibhav Jain
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Vaibhav Jain @ 2020-07-30 12:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linuxppc-dev, linux-nvdimm
  Cc: Vaibhav Jain, Aneesh Kumar K . V, Michael Ellerman

We add support for reporting 'fuel-gauge' NVDIMM metric via
PAPR_PDSM_HEALTH pdsm payload. 'fuel-gauge' metric indicates the usage
life remaining of a papr-scm compatible NVDIMM. PHYP exposes this
metric via the H_SCM_PERFORMANCE_STATS.

The metric value is returned from the pdsm by extending the return
payload 'struct nd_papr_pdsm_health' without breaking the ABI. A new
field 'dimm_fuel_gauge' to hold the metric value is introduced at the
end of the payload struct and its presence is indicated by by
extension flag PDSM_DIMM_HEALTH_RUN_GAUGE_VALID.

The patch introduces a new function papr_pdsm_fuel_gauge() that is
called from papr_pdsm_health(). If fetching NVDIMM performance stats
is supported then 'papr_pdsm_fuel_gauge()' allocated an output buffer
large enough to hold the performance stat and passes it to
drc_pmem_query_stats() that issues the HCALL to PHYP. The return value
of the stat is then populated in the 'struct
nd_papr_pdsm_health.dimm_fuel_gauge' field with extension flag
'PDSM_DIMM_HEALTH_RUN_GAUGE_VALID' set in 'struct
nd_papr_pdsm_health.extension_flags'

Signed-off-by: Vaibhav Jain <vaibhav@linux.ibm.com>
---
Changelog:

v3:
* Updated papr_pdsm_fuel_guage() to use the updated
  drc_pmem_query_stats() function.

Resend:
None

v2:
* Restructure code in papr_pdsm_fuel_gauge() to handle error case
first [ Ira ]
* Ignore the return value of papr_pdsm_fuel_gauge() in
papr_psdm_health() [ Ira ]
---
 arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h |  9 ++++
 arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c | 51 ++++++++++++++++++++++-
 2 files changed, 59 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h b/arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h
index 9ccecc1d6840..50ef95e2f5b1 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h
@@ -72,6 +72,11 @@
 #define PAPR_PDSM_DIMM_CRITICAL      2
 #define PAPR_PDSM_DIMM_FATAL         3
 
+/* struct nd_papr_pdsm_health.extension_flags field flags */
+
+/* Indicate that the 'dimm_fuel_gauge' field is valid */
+#define PDSM_DIMM_HEALTH_RUN_GAUGE_VALID 1
+
 /*
  * Struct exchanged between kernel & ndctl in for PAPR_PDSM_HEALTH
  * Various flags indicate the health status of the dimm.
@@ -84,6 +89,7 @@
  * dimm_locked		: Contents of the dimm cant be modified until CEC reboot
  * dimm_encrypted	: Contents of dimm are encrypted.
  * dimm_health		: Dimm health indicator. One of PAPR_PDSM_DIMM_XXXX
+ * dimm_fuel_gauge	: Life remaining of DIMM as a percentage from 0-100
  */
 struct nd_papr_pdsm_health {
 	union {
@@ -96,6 +102,9 @@ struct nd_papr_pdsm_health {
 			__u8 dimm_locked;
 			__u8 dimm_encrypted;
 			__u16 dimm_health;
+
+			/* Extension flag PDSM_DIMM_HEALTH_RUN_GAUGE_VALID */
+			__u16 dimm_fuel_gauge;
 		};
 		__u8 buf[ND_PDSM_PAYLOAD_MAX_SIZE];
 	};
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
index 29cab86141d8..837a21083268 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
@@ -518,6 +518,51 @@ static int is_cmd_valid(struct nvdimm *nvdimm, unsigned int cmd, void *buf,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static int papr_pdsm_fuel_gauge(struct papr_scm_priv *p,
+				union nd_pdsm_payload *payload)
+{
+	int rc, size;
+	u64 statval;
+	struct papr_scm_perf_stat *stat;
+	struct papr_scm_perf_stats *stats;
+
+	/* Silently fail if fetching performance metrics isn't  supported */
+	if (!p->stat_buffer_len)
+		return 0;
+
+	/* Allocate request buffer enough to hold single performance stat */
+	size = sizeof(struct papr_scm_perf_stats) +
+		sizeof(struct papr_scm_perf_stat);
+
+	stats = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!stats)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	stat = &stats->scm_statistic[0];
+	memcpy(&stat->stat_id, "MemLife ", sizeof(stat->stat_id));
+	stat->stat_val = 0;
+
+	/* Fetch the fuel gauge and populate it in payload */
+	rc = drc_pmem_query_stats(p, stats, 1);
+	if (rc < 0) {
+		dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev, "Err(%d) fetching fuel gauge\n", rc);
+		goto free_stats;
+	}
+
+	statval = be64_to_cpu(stat->stat_val);
+	dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev,
+		"Fetched fuel-gauge %llu", statval);
+	payload->health.extension_flags |=
+		PDSM_DIMM_HEALTH_RUN_GAUGE_VALID;
+	payload->health.dimm_fuel_gauge = statval;
+
+	rc = sizeof(struct nd_papr_pdsm_health);
+
+free_stats:
+	kfree(stats);
+	return rc;
+}
+
 /* Fetch the DIMM health info and populate it in provided package. */
 static int papr_pdsm_health(struct papr_scm_priv *p,
 			    union nd_pdsm_payload *payload)
@@ -558,6 +603,10 @@ static int papr_pdsm_health(struct papr_scm_priv *p,
 
 	/* struct populated hence can release the mutex now */
 	mutex_unlock(&p->health_mutex);
+
+	/* Populate the fuel gauge meter in the payload */
+	papr_pdsm_fuel_gauge(p, payload);
+
 	rc = sizeof(struct nd_papr_pdsm_health);
 
 out:
@@ -752,7 +801,7 @@ static ssize_t perf_stats_show(struct device *dev,
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
 	/* Ask phyp to return all dimm perf stats */
-	rc = drc_pmem_query_stats(p, stats, p->stat_buffer_len, 0, NULL);
+	rc = drc_pmem_query_stats(p, stats, 0);
 	if (rc)
 		goto free_stats;
 	/*
-- 
2.26.2
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To unsubscribe send an email to linux-nvdimm-leave@lists.01.org

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

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2020-07-30 12:13 [PATCH v3 0/2] powerpc/papr_scm: add support for reporting NVDIMM 'life_used_percentage' metric Vaibhav Jain
2020-07-30 12:13 ` [PATCH v3 1/2] powerpc/papr_scm: Fetch nvdimm performance stats from PHYP Vaibhav Jain
2020-07-30 12:13 ` [PATCH v3 2/2] powerpc/papr_scm: Add support for fetching nvdimm 'fuel-gauge' metric Vaibhav Jain

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Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.01.lists.linux-nvdimm


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git