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* [PATCH] nvme: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array member
@ 2020-02-26 21:16 Gustavo A. R. Silva
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: Gustavo A. R. Silva @ 2020-02-26 21:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Smart, Keith Busch, Jens Axboe, Christoph Hellwig, Sagi Grimberg
  Cc: linux-kernel, linux-nvme, Gustavo A. R. Silva

The current codebase makes use of the zero-length array language
extension to the C90 standard, but the preferred mechanism to declare
variable-length types such as these ones is a flexible array member[1][2],
introduced in C99:

struct foo {
        int stuff;
        struct boo array[];

By making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
inadvertently introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.

Also, notice that, dynamic memory allocations won't be affected by
this change:

"Flexible array members have incomplete type, and so the sizeof operator
may not be applied. As a quirk of the original implementation of
zero-length arrays, sizeof evaluates to zero."[1]

This issue was found with the help of Coccinelle.

[3] commit 76497732932f ("cxgb3/l2t: Fix undefined behaviour")

Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <>
 drivers/nvme/host/fc.c       | 2 +-
 drivers/nvme/host/lightnvm.c | 2 +-
 include/linux/nvme.h         | 2 +-
 3 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/nvme/host/fc.c b/drivers/nvme/host/fc.c
index 5a70ac395d53..6806a19707fb 100644
--- a/drivers/nvme/host/fc.c
+++ b/drivers/nvme/host/fc.c
@@ -96,7 +96,7 @@ struct nvme_fc_fcp_op {
 struct nvme_fcp_op_w_sgl {
 	struct nvme_fc_fcp_op	op;
 	struct scatterlist	sgl[NVME_INLINE_SG_CNT];
-	uint8_t			priv[0];
+	uint8_t			priv[];
 struct nvme_fc_lport {
diff --git a/drivers/nvme/host/lightnvm.c b/drivers/nvme/host/lightnvm.c
index ec46693f6b64..3002bf972c6b 100644
--- a/drivers/nvme/host/lightnvm.c
+++ b/drivers/nvme/host/lightnvm.c
@@ -171,7 +171,7 @@ struct nvme_nvm_bb_tbl {
 	__le32	tdresv;
 	__le32	thresv;
 	__le32	rsvd2[8];
-	__u8	blk[0];
+	__u8	blk[];
 struct nvme_nvm_id20_addrf {
diff --git a/include/linux/nvme.h b/include/linux/nvme.h
index 3d5189f46cb1..6ee80a44ed4f 100644
--- a/include/linux/nvme.h
+++ b/include/linux/nvme.h
@@ -1177,7 +1177,7 @@ struct nvmf_disc_rsp_page_hdr {
 	__le64		numrec;
 	__le16		recfmt;
 	__u8		resv14[1006];
-	struct nvmf_disc_rsp_page_entry entries[0];
+	struct nvmf_disc_rsp_page_entry entries[];
 enum {

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2020-02-26 21:16 [PATCH] nvme: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array member Gustavo A. R. Silva

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