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From: Himanshu Madhani <>
To: James Smart <>,
	"" <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] nvme-fc: fix double-free scenarios on hw queues
Date: Fri, 22 Nov 2019 17:01:33 +0000
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On 11/21/19, 12:00 PM, "Linux-nvme on behalf of James Smart" < on behalf of> wrote:

    If an error occurs on one of the ios used for creating an
    association, the creating routine has error paths that are
    invoked by the command failure and the error paths will free
    up the controller resources created to that point.
    But... the io was ultimately determined by an asynchronous
    completion routine that detected the error and which
    unconditionally invokes the error_recovery path which calls
    delete_association. Delete association deletes all outstanding
    io then tears down the controller resources. So the
    create_association thread can be running in parallel with
    the error_recovery thread. What was seen was the LLDD received
    a call to delete a queue, causing the LLDD to do a free of a
    resource, then the transport called the delete queue again
    causing the driver to repeat the free call. The second free
    routine corrupted the allocator. The transport shouldn't be
    making the duplicate call, and the delete queue is just one
    of the resources being freed.
    To fix, it is realized that the create_association path is
    completely serialized with one command at a time. So the
    failed io completion will always be seen by the create_association
    path and as of the failure, there are no ios to terminate and there
    is no reason to be manipulating queue freeze states, etc.
    The serialized condition stays true until the controller is
    transitioned to the LIVE state. Thus the fix is to change the
    error recovery path to check the controller state and only
    invoke the teardown path if not already in the CONNECTING state.
    Signed-off-by: James Smart <>
     drivers/nvme/host/fc.c | 18 +++++++++++++++---
     1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
    diff --git a/drivers/nvme/host/fc.c b/drivers/nvme/host/fc.c
    index 679a721ae229..2acb850bf9f4 100644
    --- a/drivers/nvme/host/fc.c
    +++ b/drivers/nvme/host/fc.c
    @@ -2910,10 +2910,22 @@ nvme_fc_reconnect_or_delete(struct nvme_fc_ctrl *ctrl, int status)
     static void
     __nvme_fc_terminate_io(struct nvme_fc_ctrl *ctrl)
    -	nvme_stop_keep_alive(&ctrl->ctrl);
    +	/*
    +	 * if state is connecting - the error occurred as part of a
    +	 * reconnect attempt. The create_association error paths will
    +	 * clean up any outstanding io.
    +	 *
    +	 * if it's a different state - ensure all pending io is
    +	 * terminated. Given this can delay while waiting for the
    +	 * aborted io to return, we recheck adapter state below
    +	 * before changing state.
    +	 */
    +	if (ctrl->ctrl.state != NVME_CTRL_CONNECTING) {
    +		nvme_stop_keep_alive(&ctrl->ctrl);
    -	/* will block will waiting for io to terminate */
    -	nvme_fc_delete_association(ctrl);
    +		/* will block will waiting for io to terminate */
    +		nvme_fc_delete_association(ctrl);
    +	}
     	if (ctrl->ctrl.state != NVME_CTRL_CONNECTING &&
     	    !nvme_change_ctrl_state(&ctrl->ctrl, NVME_CTRL_CONNECTING))
Reviewed-by: Himanshu Madhani <>
    Linux-nvme mailing list 

Linux-nvme mailing list

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Thread overview: 4+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-11-21 17:59 James Smart
2019-11-21 19:31 ` Ewan D. Milne
2019-11-22 17:01 ` Himanshu Madhani [this message]
2019-11-26 18:01 ` Keith Busch

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