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From: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
To: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Jeff Layton <jlayton@kernel.org>,
	"J. Bruce Fields" <bfields@fieldses.org>,
	Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>,
	David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>,
	Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>,
	Shuah Khan <skhan@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io>,
	Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>,
	Eric Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>,
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>,
	Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>, Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>,
	Tycho Andersen <tycho@tycho.ws>,
	David Drysdale <drysdale@google.com>,
	Chanho Min <chanho.min@lge.com>, Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>,
	Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>,
	Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com>, Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>,
	Aleksa Sarai <asarai@suse.de>,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>,
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	linux-xtensa@linux-xtensa.org, sparclinux@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v12 01/12] lib: introduce copy_struct_{to,from}_user helpers
Date: Fri, 6 Sep 2019 09:00:03 +1000
Message-ID: <20190905230003.bek7vqdvruzi4ybx@yavin.dot.cyphar.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190905180750.GQ1131@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>

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On 2019-09-05, Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> wrote:
> On Thu, Sep 05, 2019 at 06:19:22AM +1000, Aleksa Sarai wrote:
> > +/*
> > + * "memset(p, 0, size)" but for user space buffers. Caller must have already
> > + * checked access_ok(p, size).
> > + */
> > +static int __memzero_user(void __user *p, size_t s)
> > +{
> > +	const char zeros[BUFFER_SIZE] = {};
> > +	while (s > 0) {
> > +		size_t n = min(s, sizeof(zeros));
> > +
> > +		if (__copy_to_user(p, zeros, n))
> > +			return -EFAULT;
> > +
> > +		p += n;
> > +		s -= n;
> > +	}
> > +	return 0;
> > +}
> 
> That's called clear_user().

Already switched, I didn't know about clear_user() -- I assumed it
would've been called bzero_user() or memzero_user() and didn't find it
when looking.

> > +int copy_struct_to_user(void __user *dst, size_t usize,
> > +			const void *src, size_t ksize)
> > +{
> > +	size_t size = min(ksize, usize);
> > +	size_t rest = abs(ksize - usize);
> > +
> > +	if (unlikely(usize > PAGE_SIZE))
> > +		return -EFAULT;
> 
> Why?
> 
> > +	} else if (usize > ksize) {
> > +		if (__memzero_user(dst + size, rest))
> > +			return -EFAULT;
> > +	}
> > +	/* Copy the interoperable parts of the struct. */
> > +	if (__copy_to_user(dst, src, size))
> > +		return -EFAULT;
> 
> Why not simply clear_user() and copy_to_user()?

I'm not sure I understand what you mean -- are you asking why we need to
do memchr_inv(src + size, 0, rest) earlier?

> 
> > +int copy_struct_from_user(void *dst, size_t ksize,
> > +			  const void __user *src, size_t usize)
> > +{
> > +	size_t size = min(ksize, usize);
> > +	size_t rest = abs(ksize - usize);
> 
> Cute, but... you would be just as well without that 'rest' thing.

I would argue it's harder to mess up using "rest" compared to getting
"ksize - usize" and "usize - ksize" mixed up (and it's a bit more
readable).

> > +
> > +	if (unlikely(usize > PAGE_SIZE))
> > +		return -EFAULT;
> 
> Again, why?

As discussed in a sister thread, I will leave this in the callers
(though I would argue callers should always do some kind of sanity check
like this).

> 
> > +	if (unlikely(!access_ok(src, usize)))
> > +		return -EFAULT;
> 
> Why not simply copy_from_user() here?
> 
> > +	/* Deal with trailing bytes. */
> > +	if (usize < ksize)
> > +		memset(dst + size, 0, rest);
> > +	else if (usize > ksize) {
> > +		const void __user *addr = src + size;
> > +		char buffer[BUFFER_SIZE] = {};
> > +
> > +		while (rest > 0) {
> > +			size_t bufsize = min(rest, sizeof(buffer));
> > +
> > +			if (__copy_from_user(buffer, addr, bufsize))
> > +				return -EFAULT;
> > +			if (memchr_inv(buffer, 0, bufsize))
> > +				return -E2BIG;
> 
> Frankly, that looks like a candidate for is_all_zeroes_user().
> With the loop like above serving as a dumb default.  And on
> badly alighed address it _will_ be dumb.  Probably too much
> so - something like
> 	if ((unsigned long)addr & 1) {
> 		u8 v;
> 		if (get_user(v, (__u8 __user *)addr))
> 			return -EFAULT;
> 		if (v)
> 			return -E2BIG;
> 		addr++;
> 	}
> 	if ((unsigned long)addr & 2) {
> 		u16 v;
> 		if (get_user(v, (__u16 __user *)addr))
> 			return -EFAULT;
> 		if (v)
> 			return -E2BIG;
> 		addr +=2;
> 	}
> 	if ((unsigned long)addr & 4) {
> 		u32 v;
> 		if (get_user(v, (__u32 __user *)addr))
> 			return -EFAULT;
> 		if (v)
> 			return -E2BIG;
> 	}
> 	<read the rest like you currently do>
> would be saner, and things like x86 could trivially add an
> asm variant - it's not hard.  Incidentally, memchr_inv() is
> an overkill in this case...

Why is memchr_inv() overkill?

But yes, breaking this out to an asm-generic is_all_zeroes_user()
wouldn't hurt -- and I'll put a cleaned-up version of the alignment
handling there too. Should I drop it in asm-generic/uaccess.h, or
somewhere else?

-- 
Aleksa Sarai
Senior Software Engineer (Containers)
SUSE Linux GmbH
<https://www.cyphar.com/>

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  parent reply index

Thread overview: 65+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-09-04 20:19 [PATCH v12 00/12] namei: openat2(2) path resolution restrictions Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-04 20:19 ` [PATCH v12 01/12] lib: introduce copy_struct_{to,from}_user helpers Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-04 20:48   ` Linus Torvalds
2019-09-04 21:00   ` Randy Dunlap
2019-09-05  7:32   ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-09-05  9:26     ` Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-05  9:43       ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-09-05 10:57         ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-09-11 10:37           ` Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-05 13:35         ` Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-05 17:01         ` Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-05  8:43   ` Rasmus Villemoes
2019-09-05  9:50     ` Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-05 10:45       ` Christian Brauner
2019-09-05  9:09   ` Andreas Schwab
2019-09-05 10:13     ` [PATCH v12 01/12] lib: introduce copy_struct_{to, from}_user helpers Gabriel Paubert
2019-09-05 11:05   ` [PATCH v12 01/12] lib: introduce copy_struct_{to,from}_user helpers Christian Brauner
2019-09-05 11:17     ` Rasmus Villemoes
2019-09-05 11:29       ` Christian Brauner
2019-09-05 13:40     ` Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-05 11:09   ` Christian Brauner
2019-09-05 11:27     ` Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-05 11:40       ` Christian Brauner
2019-09-05 18:07   ` Al Viro
2019-09-05 18:23     ` Christian Brauner
2019-09-05 18:28       ` Al Viro
2019-09-05 18:35         ` Christian Brauner
2019-09-05 19:56         ` Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-05 22:31           ` Al Viro
2019-09-06  7:00           ` Christian Brauner
2019-09-05 23:00     ` Aleksa Sarai [this message]
2019-09-05 23:49       ` Al Viro
2019-09-06  0:09         ` Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-06  0:14         ` Al Viro
2019-09-04 20:19 ` [PATCH v12 02/12] clone3: switch to copy_struct_from_user() Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-04 20:19 ` [PATCH v12 03/12] sched_setattr: switch to copy_struct_{to,from}_user() Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-04 20:19 ` [PATCH v12 04/12] perf_event_open: switch to copy_struct_from_user() Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-04 20:19 ` [PATCH v12 05/12] namei: obey trailing magic-link DAC permissions Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-17 21:30   ` Jann Horn
2019-09-18 13:51     ` Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-18 15:46       ` Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-04 20:19 ` [PATCH v12 06/12] procfs: switch magic-link modes to be more sane Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-04 20:19 ` [PATCH v12 07/12] open: O_EMPTYPATH: procfs-less file descriptor re-opening Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-04 20:19 ` [PATCH v12 08/12] namei: O_BENEATH-style path resolution flags Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-04 20:19 ` [PATCH v12 09/12] namei: LOOKUP_IN_ROOT: chroot-like path resolution Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-04 20:19 ` [PATCH v12 10/12] namei: aggressively check for nd->root escape on ".." resolution Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-04 21:09   ` Linus Torvalds
2019-09-04 21:35     ` Linus Torvalds
2019-09-04 21:36       ` Linus Torvalds
2019-09-04 21:48     ` Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-04 22:16       ` Linus Torvalds
2019-09-04 22:31       ` David Howells
2019-09-04 22:38         ` Linus Torvalds
2019-09-04 23:29           ` Al Viro
2019-09-04 23:44             ` Linus Torvalds
2019-09-04 20:19 ` [PATCH v12 11/12] open: openat2(2) syscall Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-04 21:00   ` Randy Dunlap
2019-09-07 12:40   ` Jeff Layton
2019-09-07 16:58     ` Linus Torvalds
2019-09-07 17:42       ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-09-07 17:45         ` Linus Torvalds
2019-09-07 18:15           ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-09-10  6:35           ` Ingo Molnar
2019-09-08 16:24     ` Aleksa Sarai
2019-09-04 20:19 ` [PATCH v12 12/12] selftests: add openat2(2) selftests Aleksa Sarai

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