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From: Ray Jui <ray.jui@broadcom.com>
To: Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@kernel.org>,
	Mark Tomlinson <mark.tomlinson@alliedtelesis.co.nz>
Cc: bhelgaas@google.com, rjui@broadcom.com, sbranden@broadcom.com,
	f.fainelli@gmail.com, linux-pci@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com>,
	Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 2/3] PCI: iproc: Stop using generic config read/write functions
Date: Thu, 30 Jul 2020 09:36:14 -0700
Message-ID: <18c0d88e-8aa0-c0a4-52f7-c9ae9fc5f495@broadcom.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200730160958.GA2038661@bjorn-Precision-5520>



On 7/30/2020 9:09 AM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> [+cc Lorenzo, Rob]
> 
> On Thu, Jul 30, 2020 at 03:37:46PM +1200, Mark Tomlinson wrote:
>> The pci_generic_config_write32() function will give warning messages
>> whenever writing less than 4 bytes at a time. As there is nothing we can
>> do about this without changing the hardware, the message is just a
>> nuisance. So instead of using the generic functions, use the functions
>> that have already been written for reading/writing the config registers.
> 
> The reason that pci_generic_config_write32() message is there is
> because, as the message says, a read/modify/write may corrupt bits in
> adjacent registers.  
> 
> It makes me a little queasy to do these read/modify/write sequences
> silently.  A generic driver doing an 8- or 16-bit config write has no
> idea that the write may corrupt an adjacent register.  That leads to
> bugs that are very difficult to debug and only reproducible on iProc.
> 
> The ratelimiting on the current pci_generic_config_write32() message
> is based on the call site, not on the device.  That's not ideal: we
> may emit several messages for device A, trigger ratelimiting, then do
> a write for device B that doesn't generate a message.
> 
> I think it would be better to have a warning once per device, so if
> XYZ device has a problem and we look at the dmesg log, we would find a
> single message for device XYZ as a hint.  Would that reduce the
> nuisance level enough?
> 

I'm in favor of this. I agree with you that we do need the warnings
because some PCIe config registers that are read/write to clear.

But the current amount of warning messages generated from these config
register access is quite massive and often concerns the users who are
less familiar with the reason/purpose of the warnings. We were asked
about these warnings by multiple customers. People freaked out when they
see "corrupt" in the warning messages, :)

Limiting the warning to once per device seems to be a reasonable
compromise to me.

Thanks,

Ray

> So I think I did it wrong in fb2659230120 ("PCI: Warn on possible RW1C
> corruption for sub-32 bit config writes").  Ratelimiting is the wrong
> concept because what we want is a single warning per device, not a
> limit on the similar messages for *all* devices, maybe something like
> this:
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/access.c b/drivers/pci/access.c
> index 79c4a2ef269a..e5f956b7e3b7 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/access.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/access.c
> @@ -160,9 +160,12 @@ int pci_generic_config_write32(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn,
>  	 * write happen to have any RW1C (write-one-to-clear) bits set, we
>  	 * just inadvertently cleared something we shouldn't have.
>  	 */
> -	dev_warn_ratelimited(&bus->dev, "%d-byte config write to %04x:%02x:%02x.%d offset %#x may corrupt adjacent RW1C bits\n",
> +	if (!(bus->unsafe_warn & (1 << devfn))) {
> +		dev_warn(&bus->dev, "%d-byte config write to %04x:%02x:%02x.%d offset %#x may corrupt adjacent RW1C bits\n",
>  			     size, pci_domain_nr(bus), bus->number,
>  			     PCI_SLOT(devfn), PCI_FUNC(devfn), where);
> +		bus->unsafe_warn |= 1 << devfn;
> +	}
>  
>  	mask = ~(((1 << (size * 8)) - 1) << ((where & 0x3) * 8));
>  	tmp = readl(addr) & mask;
> diff --git a/include/linux/pci.h b/include/linux/pci.h
> index c79d83304e52..264b009fa4a6 100644
> --- a/include/linux/pci.h
> +++ b/include/linux/pci.h
> @@ -613,6 +613,7 @@ struct pci_bus {
>  	unsigned char	primary;	/* Number of primary bridge */
>  	unsigned char	max_bus_speed;	/* enum pci_bus_speed */
>  	unsigned char	cur_bus_speed;	/* enum pci_bus_speed */
> +	u8		unsafe_warn;	/* warned about R/M/W config write */
>  #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_DOMAINS_GENERIC
>  	int		domain_nr;
>  #endif
> 
>> Signed-off-by: Mark Tomlinson <mark.tomlinson@alliedtelesis.co.nz>
>> ---
>>  drivers/pci/controller/pcie-iproc.c | 7 +++++--
>>  1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-iproc.c b/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-iproc.c
>> index 2c836eede42c..68ecd3050529 100644
>> --- a/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-iproc.c
>> +++ b/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-iproc.c
>> @@ -709,12 +709,13 @@ static int iproc_pcie_config_read32(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn,
>>  {
>>  	int ret;
>>  	struct iproc_pcie *pcie = iproc_data(bus);
>> +	int busno = bus->number;
>>  
>>  	iproc_pcie_apb_err_disable(bus, true);
>>  	if (pcie->iproc_cfg_read)
>>  		ret = iproc_pcie_config_read(bus, devfn, where, size, val);
>>  	else
>> -		ret = pci_generic_config_read32(bus, devfn, where, size, val);
>> +		ret = iproc_pci_raw_config_read32(pcie, busno, devfn, where, size, val);
>>  	iproc_pcie_apb_err_disable(bus, false);
>>  
>>  	return ret;
>> @@ -724,9 +725,11 @@ static int iproc_pcie_config_write32(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn,
>>  				     int where, int size, u32 val)
>>  {
>>  	int ret;
>> +	struct iproc_pcie *pcie = iproc_data(bus);
>> +	int busno = bus->number;
>>  
>>  	iproc_pcie_apb_err_disable(bus, true);
>> -	ret = pci_generic_config_write32(bus, devfn, where, size, val);
>> +	ret = iproc_pci_raw_config_write32(pcie, busno, devfn, where, size, val);
>>  	iproc_pcie_apb_err_disable(bus, false);
>>  
>>  	return ret;
>> -- 
>> 2.28.0
>>

  reply index

Thread overview: 10+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-07-30  3:37 [PATCH 1/3] PCI: iproc: Add bus number parameter to " Mark Tomlinson
2020-07-30  3:37 ` [PATCH 2/3] PCI: iproc: Stop using generic config " Mark Tomlinson
2020-07-30 16:09   ` Bjorn Helgaas
2020-07-30 16:36     ` Ray Jui [this message]
2020-07-30 16:45       ` Bjorn Helgaas
2020-07-30 22:58     ` Mark Tomlinson
2020-07-30 23:06       ` Bjorn Helgaas
2020-07-30  3:37 ` [PATCH 3/3] PCI: iproc: Set affinity mask on MSI interrupts Mark Tomlinson
2020-07-30 16:45   ` Ray Jui
2020-07-30 17:07   ` Scott Branden

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