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From: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@Huawei.com>
To: Ben Widawsky <ben.widawsky@intel.com>
Cc: <linux-cxl@vger.kernel.org>, <linux-acpi@vger.kernel.org>,
	<linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>, <linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org>,
	<linux-pci@vger.kernel.org>, Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@kernel.org>,
	"Chris Browy" <cbrowy@avery-design.com>,
	Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>,
	"Dan Williams" <dan.j.williams@intel.com>,
	David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>,
	David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>,
	Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>,
	"Jon Masters" <jcm@jonmasters.org>,
	Rafael Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>,
	Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>,
	Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com>,
	"John Groves (jgroves)" <jgroves@micron.com>,
	"Kelley, Sean V" <sean.v.kelley@intel.com>,
	kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com>,
	Dan Williams <dan.j.willams@intel.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 4/8] cxl/mem: Add basic IOCTL interface
Date: Wed, 10 Feb 2021 18:45:40 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210210184540.00007536@Huawei.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210210000259.635748-5-ben.widawsky@intel.com>

On Tue, 9 Feb 2021 16:02:55 -0800
Ben Widawsky <ben.widawsky@intel.com> wrote:

> Add a straightforward IOCTL that provides a mechanism for userspace to
> query the supported memory device commands. CXL commands as they appear
> to userspace are described as part of the UAPI kerneldoc. The command
> list returned via this IOCTL will contain the full set of commands that
> the driver supports, however, some of those commands may not be
> available for use by userspace.
> 
> Memory device commands first appear in the CXL 2.0 specification. They
> are submitted through a mailbox mechanism specified also originally
> specified in the CXL 2.0 specification.
> 
> The send command allows userspace to issue mailbox commands directly to
> the hardware. The list of available commands to send are the output of
> the query command. The driver verifies basic properties of the command
> and possibly inspect the input (or output) payload to determine whether
> or not the command is allowed (or might taint the kernel).
> 
> Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com> # bug in earlier revision
> Signed-off-by: Ben Widawsky <ben.widawsky@intel.com>
> Reviewed-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.willams@intel.com>

A bit of anti macro commentary below.  Heavy use of them may make the code
shorter, but I'd argue they make it harder to do review if you've not looked
at a given bit of code for a while.

Also there is a bit of documentation in here for flags that don't seem to
exist (at this stage anyway) - may just be in the wrong patch.

Jonathan


> ---
>  .clang-format                                 |   1 +
>  .../userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst      |   1 +
>  drivers/cxl/mem.c                             | 291 +++++++++++++++++-
>  include/uapi/linux/cxl_mem.h                  | 152 +++++++++
>  4 files changed, 443 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/cxl_mem.h
> 
> diff --git a/.clang-format b/.clang-format
> index 10dc5a9a61b3..3f11c8901b43 100644
> --- a/.clang-format
> +++ b/.clang-format
> @@ -109,6 +109,7 @@ ForEachMacros:
>    - 'css_for_each_child'
>    - 'css_for_each_descendant_post'
>    - 'css_for_each_descendant_pre'
> +  - 'cxl_for_each_cmd'
>    - 'device_for_each_child_node'
>    - 'dma_fence_chain_for_each'
>    - 'do_for_each_ftrace_op'
> diff --git a/Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst b/Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst
> index a4c75a28c839..6eb8e634664d 100644
> --- a/Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst
> @@ -352,6 +352,7 @@ Code  Seq#    Include File                                           Comments
>                                                                       <mailto:michael.klein@puffin.lb.shuttle.de>
>  0xCC  00-0F  drivers/misc/ibmvmc.h                                   pseries VMC driver
>  0xCD  01     linux/reiserfs_fs.h
> +0xCE  01-02  uapi/linux/cxl_mem.h                                    Compute Express Link Memory Devices
>  0xCF  02     fs/cifs/ioctl.c
>  0xDB  00-0F  drivers/char/mwave/mwavepub.h
>  0xDD  00-3F                                                          ZFCP device driver see drivers/s390/scsi/
> diff --git a/drivers/cxl/mem.c b/drivers/cxl/mem.c
> index 8bbd2495e237..ce65630bb75e 100644
> --- a/drivers/cxl/mem.c
> +++ b/drivers/cxl/mem.c
> @@ -1,5 +1,6 @@
>  // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
>  /* Copyright(c) 2020 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. */
> +#include <uapi/linux/cxl_mem.h>
>  #include <linux/module.h>
>  #include <linux/mutex.h>
>  #include <linux/cdev.h>
> @@ -39,6 +40,7 @@
>  #define CXL_MAILBOX_TIMEOUT_MS (2 * HZ)
>  
>  enum opcode {
> +	CXL_MBOX_OP_INVALID		= 0x0000,
>  	CXL_MBOX_OP_IDENTIFY		= 0x4000,
>  	CXL_MBOX_OP_MAX			= 0x10000
>  };
> @@ -90,9 +92,57 @@ struct cxl_memdev {
>  static int cxl_mem_major;
>  static DEFINE_IDA(cxl_memdev_ida);
>  
> +/**
> + * struct cxl_mem_command - Driver representation of a memory device command
> + * @info: Command information as it exists for the UAPI
> + * @opcode: The actual bits used for the mailbox protocol
> + * @flags: Set of flags reflecting the state of the command.
> + *
> + *  * %CXL_CMD_FLAG_MANDATORY: Hardware must support this command. This flag is
> + *    only used internally by the driver for sanity checking.

Doesn't seem to be defined yet.

> + *
> + * The cxl_mem_command is the driver's internal representation of commands that
> + * are supported by the driver. Some of these commands may not be supported by
> + * the hardware. The driver will use @info to validate the fields passed in by
> + * the user then submit the @opcode to the hardware.
> + *
> + * See struct cxl_command_info.
> + */
> +struct cxl_mem_command {
> +	struct cxl_command_info info;
> +	enum opcode opcode;
> +};
> +
> +#define CXL_CMD(_id, _flags, sin, sout)                                        \
> +	[CXL_MEM_COMMAND_ID_##_id] = {                                         \
> +	.info =	{                                                              \
> +			.id = CXL_MEM_COMMAND_ID_##_id,                        \
> +			.flags = CXL_MEM_COMMAND_FLAG_##_flags,                \
> +			.size_in = sin,                                        \
> +			.size_out = sout,                                      \
> +		},                                                             \
> +	.opcode = CXL_MBOX_OP_##_id,                                           \
> +	}
> +
> +/*
> + * This table defines the supported mailbox commands for the driver. This table
> + * is made up of a UAPI structure. Non-negative values as parameters in the
> + * table will be validated against the user's input. For example, if size_in is
> + * 0, and the user passed in 1, it is an error.
> + */
> +static struct cxl_mem_command mem_commands[] = {
> +	CXL_CMD(IDENTIFY, NONE, 0, 0x43),
> +};

As below, I'm doubtful about the macro magic and would rather see the
long hand version. It's a fwe more characters but I can immediately see if fields
are in the right places etc and we can skip the 0 default values.

static struct cxl_mem_command mem_commands[] = {
	[CXL_MEM_COMMAND_ID_IDENTIFY] = {
		.info = {
			.id = CXL_MEM_COMMAND_ID_IDENTIFY,
			.size_out = 0x43,
		},
		.opcode = CXL_MBOX_OP_IDENTIFY,	
	},
};

Still it's your driver and I guess I'll guess I can probably get my head around
this macro..

>  
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/cxl_mem.h b/include/uapi/linux/cxl_mem.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..f1f7e9f32ea5
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/cxl_mem.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,152 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
> +/*
> + * CXL IOCTLs for Memory Devices
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef _UAPI_CXL_MEM_H_
> +#define _UAPI_CXL_MEM_H_
> +
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +
> +/**
> + * DOC: UAPI
> + *
> + * Not all of all commands that the driver supports are always available for use
> + * by userspace. Userspace must check the results from the QUERY command in
> + * order to determine the live set of commands.
> + */
> +
> +#define CXL_MEM_QUERY_COMMANDS _IOR(0xCE, 1, struct cxl_mem_query_commands)
> +#define CXL_MEM_SEND_COMMAND _IOWR(0xCE, 2, struct cxl_send_command)
> +
> +#define CXL_CMDS                                                          \
> +	___C(INVALID, "Invalid Command"),                                 \
> +	___C(IDENTIFY, "Identify Command"),                               \
> +	___C(MAX, "Last command")
> +
> +#define ___C(a, b) CXL_MEM_COMMAND_ID_##a
> +enum { CXL_CMDS };
> +
> +#undef ___C
> +#define ___C(a, b) { b }
> +static const struct {
> +	const char *name;
> +} cxl_command_names[] = { CXL_CMDS };
> +#undef ___C

Unless there are going to be a lot of these, I'd just write them out long hand
as much more readable than the macro magic.

enum {
	CXL_MEM_COMMAND_ID_INVALID,
	CXL_MEM_COMMAND_ID_IDENTIFY,
	CXL_MEM_COMMAND_ID_MAX
};

static const struct {
	const char *name;
} cxl_command_names[] = {
	[CXL_MEM_COMMAND_ID_INVALID] = { "Invalid Command" },
	[CXL_MEM_COMMAND_ID_IDENTIFY] = { "Identify Comamnd" },
	/* I hope you never need the Last command to exist in here as that sounds like a bug */
};

That's assuming I actually figured the macro fun out correctly.
To my mind it's worth doing this stuff for 'lots' no so much for 3.

> +
> +/**
> + * struct cxl_command_info - Command information returned from a query.
> + * @id: ID number for the command.
> + * @flags: Flags that specify command behavior.
> + *
> + *  * %CXL_MEM_COMMAND_FLAG_KERNEL: This command is reserved for exclusive
> + *    kernel use.
> + *  * %CXL_MEM_COMMAND_FLAG_MUTEX: This command may require coordination with
> + *    the kernel in order to complete successfully.
Doesn't correspond to the flags defined below.  If introduced in a later patch
then bring the docs in with the first use.

> + *
> + * @size_in: Expected input size, or -1 if variable length.
> + * @size_out: Expected output size, or -1 if variable length.
> + *
> + * Represents a single command that is supported by both the driver and the
> + * hardware. This is returned as part of an array from the query ioctl. The
> + * following would be a command named "foobar" that takes a variable length
> + * input and returns 0 bytes of output.

Why give it a name?  It's just an id!

> + *
> + *  - @id = 10
> + *  - @flags = CXL_MEM_COMMAND_FLAG_MUTEX

That flag doesn't seem to be defined below.

> + *  - @size_in = -1
> + *  - @size_out = 0
> + *
> + * See struct cxl_mem_query_commands.
> + */
> +struct cxl_command_info {
> +	__u32 id;
> +
> +	__u32 flags;
> +#define CXL_MEM_COMMAND_FLAG_NONE 0
> +#define CXL_MEM_COMMAND_FLAG_KERNEL BIT(0)
> +#define CXL_MEM_COMMAND_FLAG_MASK GENMASK(1, 0)
> +
> +	__s32 size_in;
> +	__s32 size_out;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct cxl_mem_query_commands - Query supported commands.
> + * @n_commands: In/out parameter. When @n_commands is > 0, the driver will
> + *		return min(num_support_commands, n_commands). When @n_commands
> + *		is 0, driver will return the number of total supported commands.
> + * @rsvd: Reserved for future use.
> + * @commands: Output array of supported commands. This array must be allocated
> + *            by userspace to be at least min(num_support_commands, @n_commands)
> + *
> + * Allow userspace to query the available commands supported by both the driver,
> + * and the hardware. Commands that aren't supported by either the driver, or the
> + * hardware are not returned in the query.
> + *
> + * Examples:
> + *
> + *  - { .n_commands = 0 } // Get number of supported commands
> + *  - { .n_commands = 15, .commands = buf } // Return first 15 (or less)
> + *    supported commands
> + *
> + *  See struct cxl_command_info.
> + */
> +struct cxl_mem_query_commands {
> +	/*
> +	 * Input: Number of commands to return (space allocated by user)
> +	 * Output: Number of commands supported by the driver/hardware
> +	 *
> +	 * If n_commands is 0, kernel will only return number of commands and
> +	 * not try to populate commands[], thus allowing userspace to know how
> +	 * much space to allocate
> +	 */
> +	__u32 n_commands;
> +	__u32 rsvd;
> +
> +	struct cxl_command_info __user commands[]; /* out: supported commands */
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct cxl_send_command - Send a command to a memory device.
> + * @id: The command to send to the memory device. This must be one of the
> + *	commands returned by the query command.
> + * @flags: Flags for the command (input).
> + * @rsvd: Must be zero.
> + * @retval: Return value from the memory device (output).
> + * @in.size: Size of the payload to provide to the device (input).
> + * @in.rsvd: Must be zero.
> + * @in.payload: Pointer to memory for payload input (little endian order).

Silly point, but perhaps distinguish it's the payload that is in little endian order
not the pointer.  (I obviously haven't had enough coffee today and missread it)


> + * @out.size: Size of the payload received from the device (input/output). This
> + *	      field is filled in by userspace to let the driver know how much
> + *	      space was allocated for output. It is populated by the driver to
> + *	      let userspace know how large the output payload actually was.
> + * @out.rsvd: Must be zero.
> + * @out.payload: Pointer to memory for payload output (little endian order).
> + *
> + * Mechanism for userspace to send a command to the hardware for processing. The
> + * driver will do basic validation on the command sizes. In some cases even the
> + * payload may be introspected. Userspace is required to allocate large
> + * enough buffers for size_out which can be variable length in certain
> + * situations.
> + */
> +struct cxl_send_command {
> +	__u32 id;
> +	__u32 flags;
> +	__u32 rsvd;
> +	__u32 retval;
> +
> +	struct {
> +		__s32 size;
> +		__u32 rsvd;
> +		__u64 payload;
> +	} in;
> +
> +	struct {
> +		__s32 size;
> +		__u32 rsvd;
> +		__u64 payload;
> +	} out;
> +};
> +
> +#endif


  reply	other threads:[~2021-02-10 18:49 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 57+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-02-10  0:02 [PATCH v2 0/8] CXL 2.0 Support Ben Widawsky
2021-02-10  0:02 ` [PATCH v2 1/8] cxl/mem: Introduce a driver for CXL-2.0-Type-3 endpoints Ben Widawsky
2021-02-10 16:17   ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-10 17:12     ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-10 17:23       ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-10  0:02 ` [PATCH v2 2/8] cxl/mem: Find device capabilities Ben Widawsky
2021-02-10 13:32   ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-10 15:07     ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-10 16:55       ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-10 17:30         ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-10 18:16         ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-11  9:55           ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-11 15:55             ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-12 13:27               ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-12 15:54                 ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-11 18:27             ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-12 13:23               ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-10 19:32     ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-10 17:41   ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-10 18:53     ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-10 19:54       ` Dan Williams
2021-02-11 10:01         ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-11 16:04           ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-10  0:02 ` [PATCH v2 3/8] cxl/mem: Register CXL memX devices Ben Widawsky
2021-02-10 18:17   ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-11 10:17     ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-11 20:40       ` Dan Williams
2021-02-12 13:33         ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-10  0:02 ` [PATCH v2 4/8] cxl/mem: Add basic IOCTL interface Ben Widawsky
2021-02-10 18:45   ` Jonathan Cameron [this message]
2021-02-10 20:22     ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-11  4:40     ` Dan Williams
2021-02-11 10:06       ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-11 16:54         ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-14 16:30   ` Al Viro
2021-02-14 23:14     ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-14 23:50       ` Al Viro
2021-02-14 23:57         ` Al Viro
2021-02-10  0:02 ` [PATCH v2 5/8] cxl/mem: Add a "RAW" send command Ben Widawsky
2021-02-10 15:26   ` Ariel.Sibley
2021-02-10 16:49     ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-10 18:03       ` Ariel.Sibley
2021-02-10 18:11         ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-10 18:46           ` Ariel.Sibley
2021-02-10 19:12             ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-11 16:43     ` Dan Williams
2021-02-11 11:19   ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-11 16:01     ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-12 13:40       ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-10  0:02 ` [PATCH v2 6/8] cxl/mem: Enable commands via CEL Ben Widawsky
2021-02-11 12:02   ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-11 17:45     ` Ben Widawsky
2021-02-11 20:34       ` Dan Williams
2021-02-16 13:43     ` Bartosz Golaszewski
2021-02-10  0:02 ` [PATCH v2 7/8] cxl/mem: Add set of informational commands Ben Widawsky
2021-02-11 12:07   ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-02-10  0:02 ` [PATCH v2 8/8] MAINTAINERS: Add maintainers of the CXL driver Ben Widawsky

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