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From: "Tian, Kevin" <kevin.tian@intel.com>
To: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	"Wilk, Konrad" <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
Cc: "Raj, Ashok" <ashok.raj@intel.com>,
	Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@nvidia.com>,
	"Williams, Dan J" <dan.j.williams@intel.com>,
	"Jiang, Dave" <dave.jiang@intel.com>,
	Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@kernel.org>,
	"vkoul@kernel.org" <vkoul@kernel.org>,
	"Dey, Megha" <megha.dey@intel.com>,
	"maz@kernel.org" <maz@kernel.org>,
	"bhelgaas@google.com" <bhelgaas@google.com>,
	"alex.williamson@redhat.com" <alex.williamson@redhat.com>,
	"Pan, Jacob jun" <jacob.jun.pan@intel.com>,
	"Liu, Yi L" <yi.l.liu@intel.com>,
	"Lu, Baolu" <baolu.lu@intel.com>,
	"Kumar, Sanjay K" <sanjay.k.kumar@intel.com>,
	"Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com>,
	"kwankhede@nvidia.com" <kwankhede@nvidia.com>,
	"eric.auger@redhat.com" <eric.auger@redhat.com>,
	"parav@mellanox.com" <parav@mellanox.com>,
	"rafael@kernel.org" <rafael@kernel.org>,
	"netanelg@mellanox.com" <netanelg@mellanox.com>,
	"shahafs@mellanox.com" <shahafs@mellanox.com>,
	"yan.y.zhao@linux.intel.com" <yan.y.zhao@linux.intel.com>,
	"pbonzini@redhat.com" <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	"Ortiz, Samuel" <samuel.ortiz@intel.com>,
	"Hossain, Mona" <mona.hossain@intel.com>,
	"dmaengine@vger.kernel.org" <dmaengine@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-pci@vger.kernel.org" <linux-pci@vger.kernel.org>,
	"kvm@vger.kernel.org" <kvm@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: RE: [PATCH v4 06/17] PCI: add SIOV and IMS capability detection
Date: Fri, 13 Nov 2020 02:42:02 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <MWHPR11MB1645F27808F1F5E79646A3A88CE60@MWHPR11MB1645.namprd11.prod.outlook.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <877dqqmc2h.fsf@nanos.tec.linutronix.de>

> From: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Sent: Friday, November 13, 2020 6:43 AM
> 
> On Thu, Nov 12 2020 at 14:32, Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk wrote:
> >> 4. Using CPUID to detect running as guest. But as Thomas pointed out, this
> >> approach is less reliable as not all hypervisors do this way.
> >
> > Is that truly true? It is the first time I see the argument that extra
> > steps are needed and that checking for X86_FEATURE_HYPERVISOR is not
> enough.
> >
> > Or is it more "Some hypervisor probably forgot about it, so lets make sure
> we patch
> > over that possible hole?"
> 
> Nothing enforces that bit to be set. The bit is a pure software
> convention and was proposed by VMWare in 2008 with the following
> changelog:
> 
>  "This patch proposes to use a cpuid interface to detect if we are
>   running on an hypervisor.
> 
>   The discovery of a hypervisor is determined by bit 31 of CPUID#1_ECX,
>   which is defined to be "hypervisor present bit". For a VM, the bit is
>   1, otherwise it is set to 0. This bit is not officially documented by
>   either Intel/AMD yet, but they plan to do so some time soon, in the
>   meanwhile they have promised to keep it reserved for virtualization."
> 
> The reserved promise seems to hold. AMDs APM has it documented. The
> Intel SDM not so.
> 
> Also the kernel side of KVM does not enforce that bit, it's up to the user
> space management to set it.
> 
> And yes, I've tripped over this with some hypervisors and even qemu KVM
> failed to set it in the early days because it was masked with host CPUID
> trimming as there the bit is obviously 0.
> 
> DMI vendor name is pretty good final check when the bit is 0. The
> strings I'm aware of are:
> 
> QEMU, Bochs, KVM, Xen, VMware, VMW, VMware Inc., innotek GmbH,
> Oracle
> Corporation, Parallels, BHYVE, Microsoft Corporation
> 
> which is not complete but better than nothing ;)
> 
> Thanks,
> 
>         tglx

Hi, Thomas,

CPUID#1_ECX is a x86 thing. Do we need to figure out probably_on_
bare_metal for every architecture altogether, or is it OK to just
handle it for x86 arch at this stage? Based on previous discussions 
ims is just one piece of multiple technologies to enable SIOV-like
scalability. Ideally arch-specific enablement beyond ims (e.g. the 
IOMMU part) will be required for such scaled usage thus we 
may just leave ims disabled for non-x86 and wait until that time to 
figure out arch specific probably_on_bare_metal?

Thanks
Kevin

  reply	other threads:[~2020-11-13  2:42 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 125+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-10-30 18:50 [PATCH v4 00/17] Add VFIO mediated device support and DEV-MSI support for the idxd driver Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 18:50 ` [PATCH v4 01/17] irqchip: Add IMS (Interrupt Message Store) driver Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 22:01   ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-10-30 18:51 ` [PATCH v4 02/17] iommu/vt-d: Add DEV-MSI support Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 20:31   ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-10-30 20:52     ` Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 18:51 ` [PATCH v4 03/17] dmaengine: idxd: add theory of operation documentation for idxd mdev Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 18:51 ` [PATCH v4 04/17] dmaengine: idxd: add support for readonly config devices Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 18:51 ` [PATCH v4 05/17] dmaengine: idxd: add interrupt handle request support Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 18:51 ` [PATCH v4 06/17] PCI: add SIOV and IMS capability detection Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 19:51   ` Bjorn Helgaas
2020-10-30 21:20     ` Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 21:50       ` Bjorn Helgaas
2020-10-30 22:45       ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-10-30 22:49         ` Dave Jiang
2020-11-02 13:21           ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-03  2:49             ` Tian, Kevin
2020-11-03 12:43               ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-04  3:41                 ` Tian, Kevin
2020-11-04 12:40                   ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-04 13:34                     ` Tian, Kevin
2020-11-04 13:54                       ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-06  9:48                         ` Tian, Kevin
2020-11-06 13:14                           ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-06 16:48                             ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-06 17:51                               ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-06 23:47                                 ` Dan Williams
2020-11-07  0:12                                   ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-07  1:42                                     ` Dan Williams
2020-11-08 18:11                                     ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-08 18:34                                       ` David Woodhouse
2020-11-08 23:25                                         ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-10 14:19                                           ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-10 14:41                                             ` David Woodhouse
2020-11-08 23:41                                       ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-09  0:05                                         ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-08 18:47                                     ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-08 19:36                                       ` David Woodhouse
2020-11-08 22:47                                         ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-08 23:29                                           ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-11 15:41                                         ` Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-11 16:09                                           ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-11 22:27                                             ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-11 23:03                                               ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-12  1:13                                                 ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-12 13:10                                                 ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-08 23:23                                       ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-08 23:36                                         ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-09  7:37                                         ` Tian, Kevin
2020-11-09 16:46                                           ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-08 23:58                                       ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-09  7:59                                         ` Tian, Kevin
2020-11-09 11:21                                         ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-09 17:30                                           ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-09 22:40                                             ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-09 22:42                                             ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-10  5:14                                               ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-10 10:27                                                 ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-10 14:13                                                   ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-10 14:23                                                     ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-11  2:17                                                       ` Tian, Kevin
2020-11-12 13:46                                                         ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-11  7:14                                                     ` Tian, Kevin
2020-11-12 19:32                                                       ` Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk
2020-11-12 22:42                                                         ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-13  2:42                                                           ` Tian, Kevin [this message]
2020-11-13 12:57                                                             ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-13 13:32                                                             ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-13 16:12                                                               ` Luck, Tony
2020-11-13 17:38                                                                 ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-14 10:34                                                           ` Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-14 21:18                                                             ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-15 11:26                                                               ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-15 19:31                                                                 ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-15 22:11                                                                   ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-16  0:22                                                                     ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-16  7:31                                                                       ` Tian, Kevin
2020-11-16 15:46                                                                         ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-16 17:56                                                                           ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-16 18:02                                                                             ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-16 20:37                                                                               ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-16 23:51                                                                               ` Tian, Kevin
2020-11-17  9:21                                                                                 ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-16  8:25                                                               ` Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-10 14:19                                                 ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-11  2:35                                                   ` Tian, Kevin
2020-11-08 21:18                             ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-08 22:09                               ` David Woodhouse
2020-11-08 22:52                                 ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-07  0:32                           ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-09  5:25                             ` Tian, Kevin
2020-10-30 18:51 ` [PATCH v4 07/17] dmaengine: idxd: add IMS support in base driver Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 18:51 ` [PATCH v4 08/17] dmaengine: idxd: add device support functions in prep for mdev Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 18:51 ` [PATCH v4 09/17] dmaengine: idxd: add basic mdev registration and helper functions Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 18:51 ` [PATCH v4 10/17] dmaengine: idxd: add emulation rw routines Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 18:52 ` [PATCH v4 11/17] dmaengine: idxd: prep for virtual device commands Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 18:52 ` [PATCH v4 12/17] dmaengine: idxd: virtual device commands emulation Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 18:52 ` [PATCH v4 13/17] dmaengine: idxd: ims setup for the vdcm Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 21:26   ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-10-30 18:52 ` [PATCH v4 14/17] dmaengine: idxd: add mdev type as a new wq type Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 18:52 ` [PATCH v4 15/17] dmaengine: idxd: add dedicated wq mdev type Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 18:52 ` [PATCH v4 16/17] dmaengine: idxd: add new wq state for mdev Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 18:52 ` [PATCH v4 17/17] dmaengine: idxd: add error notification from host driver to mediated device Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 18:58 ` [PATCH v4 00/17] Add VFIO mediated device support and DEV-MSI support for the idxd driver Jason Gunthorpe
2020-10-30 19:13   ` Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 19:17     ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-10-30 19:23       ` Raj, Ashok
2020-10-30 19:30         ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-10-30 20:43           ` Raj, Ashok
2020-10-30 22:54             ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-10-31  2:50             ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-10-31 23:53               ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-02 13:20                 ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-02 16:20                   ` Raj, Ashok
2020-11-02 17:19                     ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-02 18:18                       ` Dave Jiang
2020-11-02 18:26                         ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-02 18:38                           ` Dan Williams
2020-11-02 18:51                             ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-02 19:26                               ` Dan Williams
2020-10-30 20:48 ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-10-30 20:59   ` Dave Jiang
2020-10-30 22:10     ` Thomas Gleixner
     [not found] <draft-875z6ekcj5.fsf@nanos.tec.linutronix.de>
2020-11-09 14:08 ` [PATCH v4 06/17] PCI: add SIOV and IMS capability detection Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-09 18:10   ` Raj, Ashok

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