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From: Lukas Wunner <>
To: Bjorn Helgaas <>
Cc: Stuart Hayes <>,
	Dongdong Liu <>,
	John Garry <>,
	Mika Westerberg <>,
	Keith Busch <>,
Subject: [PATCH] PCI: pciehp: Reduce noisiness on hot removal
Date: Tue, 28 Jul 2020 13:24:10 +0200
Message-ID: <> (raw)

When a PCIe card is hot-removed, the Presence Detect State and Data Link
Layer Link Active bits often do not clear simultaneously.  I've seen
delays of up to 244 msec between the two events with Thunderbolt.

After pciehp has brought down the slot in response to the first event,
the other bit may still be set.  It's not discernible whether it's set
because a new card is already in the slot or if it will soon clear.
So pciehp tries to bring up the slot and in the latter case fails with
a bunch of messages, some of them at KERN_ERR severity.  The messages
are false positives if the slot is no longer occupied and annoy users.

Stuart Hayes reports the following splat on hot removal:

KERN_INFO pcieport 0000:3c:06.0: pciehp: Slot(180): Link Up
KERN_INFO pcieport 0000:3c:06.0: pciehp: Timeout waiting for Presence Detect
KERN_ERR  pcieport 0000:3c:06.0: pciehp: link training error: status 0x0001
KERN_ERR  pcieport 0000:3c:06.0: pciehp: Failed to check link status

Dongdong Liu complains about a similar splat:

KERN_INFO pciehp 0000:80:10.0:pcie004: Slot(36): Link Down
KERN_INFO iommu: Removing device 0000:87:00.0 from group 12
KERN_INFO pciehp 0000:80:10.0:pcie004: Slot(36): Card present
KERN_INFO pcieport 0000:80:10.0: Data Link Layer Link Active not set in 1000 msec
KERN_ERR  pciehp 0000:80:10.0:pcie004: Failed to check link status

Users are particularly irritated to see a bringup attempt even though
the slot was explicitly brought down via sysfs.  In a perfect world, we
could avoid this by setting Link Disable on slot bringdown and
re-enabling it upon a Presence Detect State change.  In reality however,
there are broken hotplug ports which hardwire Presence Detect to zero,
see 80696f991424 ("PCI: pciehp: Tolerate Presence Detect hardwired to
zero").  Conversely, PCIe r1.0 hotplug ports hardwire Link Active to
zero because Link Active Reporting wasn't specified before PCIe r1.1.
On unplug, some ports first clear Presence then Link (see Stuart Hayes'
splat) whereas others use the inverse order (see Dongdong Liu's splat).
To top it off, there are hotplug ports which flap the Presence and Link
bits on slot bringup, see 6c35a1ac3da6 ("PCI: pciehp: Tolerate initially
unstable link").

pciehp is designed to work with all of these variants.  Surplus attempts
at slot bringup are a lesser evil than not being able to bring up slots
at all.  Although we could try to perfect the behavior for specific
hotplug controllers, we'd risk breaking others or increasing code

But we can certainly minimize annoyance by emitting only a single
message with KERN_INFO severity if bringup is unsuccessful:

* Drop the "Timeout waiting for Presence Detect" message in
  pcie_wait_for_presence().  The sole caller of that function,
  pciehp_check_link_status(), ignores the timeout and carries on.
  It emits error messages of its own and I don't think this particular
  message adds much value.

* There's a single error condition in pciehp_check_link_status() which
  does not emit a message.  Adding one allows dropping the "Failed to
  check link status" message emitted by board_added() if
  pciehp_check_link_status() returns a non-zero integer.

* Tone down all messages in pciehp_check_link_status() to KERN_INFO
  severity and rephrase them to look as innocuous as possible.  To this
  end, move the message emitted by pcie_wait_for_link_delay() to its

As a result, Stuart Hayes' splat becomes:

KERN_INFO pcieport 0000:3c:06.0: pciehp: Slot(180): Link Up
KERN_INFO pcieport 0000:3c:06.0: pciehp: Slot(180): Cannot train link: status 0x0001

Dongdong Liu's splat becomes:

KERN_INFO pciehp 0000:80:10.0:pcie004: Slot(36): Card present
KERN_INFO pciehp 0000:80:10.0:pcie004: Slot(36): No link

The messages now merely serve as information that presence or link bits
were set a little longer than expected.  Bringup failures which are not
false positives are still reported, albeit no longer at KERN_ERR

Reported-by: Stuart Hayes <>
Reported-by: Dongdong Liu <>
Signed-off-by: Lukas Wunner <>
 drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c |  4 +---
 drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c  | 15 +++++++++------
 drivers/pci/pci.c                 |  5 ++---
 drivers/pci/pcie/dpc.c            |  7 +++++--
 4 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c
index 6503d15effbbd..2f5f4bb42dcc6 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c
@@ -73,10 +73,8 @@ static int board_added(struct controller *ctrl)
 	/* Check link training status */
 	retval = pciehp_check_link_status(ctrl);
-	if (retval) {
-		ctrl_err(ctrl, "Failed to check link status\n");
+	if (retval)
 		goto err_exit;
-	}
 	/* Check for a power fault */
 	if (ctrl->power_fault_detected || pciehp_query_power_fault(ctrl)) {
diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c
index 53433b37e1812..fb3840e222add 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c
@@ -283,8 +283,6 @@ static void pcie_wait_for_presence(struct pci_dev *pdev)
 		timeout -= 10;
 	} while (timeout > 0);
-	pci_info(pdev, "Timeout waiting for Presence Detect\n");
 int pciehp_check_link_status(struct controller *ctrl)
@@ -293,8 +291,10 @@ int pciehp_check_link_status(struct controller *ctrl)
 	bool found;
 	u16 lnk_status;
-	if (!pcie_wait_for_link(pdev, true))
+	if (!pcie_wait_for_link(pdev, true)) {
+		ctrl_info(ctrl, "Slot(%s): No link\n", slot_name(ctrl));
 		return -1;
+	}
 	if (ctrl->inband_presence_disabled)
@@ -311,15 +311,18 @@ int pciehp_check_link_status(struct controller *ctrl)
 	ctrl_dbg(ctrl, "%s: lnk_status = %x\n", __func__, lnk_status);
 	if ((lnk_status & PCI_EXP_LNKSTA_LT) ||
 	    !(lnk_status & PCI_EXP_LNKSTA_NLW)) {
-		ctrl_err(ctrl, "link training error: status %#06x\n",
-			 lnk_status);
+		ctrl_info(ctrl, "Slot(%s): Cannot train link: status %#06x\n",
+			  slot_name(ctrl), lnk_status);
 		return -1;
 	pcie_update_link_speed(ctrl->pcie->port->subordinate, lnk_status);
-	if (!found)
+	if (!found) {
+		ctrl_info(ctrl, "Slot(%s): No device found\n",
+			  slot_name(ctrl));
 		return -1;
+	}
 	return 0;
diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci.c b/drivers/pci/pci.c
index 501035cc0409e..f369934867a06 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci.c
@@ -4702,9 +4702,7 @@ static bool pcie_wait_for_link_delay(struct pci_dev *pdev, bool active,
 	if (active && ret && delay)
-	else if (ret != active)
-		pci_info(pdev, "Data Link Layer Link Active not %s in 1000 msec\n",
-			active ? "set" : "cleared");
 	return ret == active;
@@ -4838,6 +4836,7 @@ void pci_bridge_wait_for_secondary_bus(struct pci_dev *dev)
 		pci_dbg(dev, "waiting for link to train\n");
 		if (!pcie_wait_for_link_delay(dev, true, 0)) {
 			/* Did not train, no need to wait any further */
+			pci_info(dev, "Data Link Layer Link Active not set in 1000 msec\n");
diff --git a/drivers/pci/pcie/dpc.c b/drivers/pci/pcie/dpc.c
index daa9a4153776c..e05aba86a3179 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pcie/dpc.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pcie/dpc.c
@@ -103,7 +103,8 @@ pci_ers_result_t dpc_reset_link(struct pci_dev *pdev)
 	 * Wait until the Link is inactive, then clear DPC Trigger Status
 	 * to allow the Port to leave DPC.
-	pcie_wait_for_link(pdev, false);
+	if (!pcie_wait_for_link(pdev, false))
+		pci_info(pdev, "Data Link Layer Link Active not cleared in 1000 msec\n");
 	if (pdev->dpc_rp_extensions && dpc_wait_rp_inactive(pdev))
@@ -111,8 +112,10 @@ pci_ers_result_t dpc_reset_link(struct pci_dev *pdev)
 	pci_write_config_word(pdev, cap + PCI_EXP_DPC_STATUS,
-	if (!pcie_wait_for_link(pdev, true))
+	if (!pcie_wait_for_link(pdev, true)) {
+		pci_info(pdev, "Data Link Layer Link Active not set in 1000 msec\n");
+	}

             reply index

Thread overview: 2+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-07-28 11:24 Lukas Wunner [this message]
2020-08-03 10:10 ` Mika Westerberg

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