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From: Abhishek Goel <huntbag@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org,
	linux-pm@vger.kernel.org
Cc: rjw@rjwysocki.net, daniel.lezcano@linaro.org, mpe@ellerman.id.au,
	dja@axtens.net, npiggin@gmail.com, ego@linux.vnet.ibm.com,
	Abhishek Goel <huntbag@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2 1/1] cpuidle-powernv : forced wakeup for stop states
Date: Mon, 17 Jun 2019 04:56:48 -0500
Message-ID: <20190617095648.18847-2-huntbag@linux.vnet.ibm.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190617095648.18847-1-huntbag@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

Currently, the cpuidle governors determine what idle state a idling CPU
should enter into based on heuristics that depend on the idle history on
that CPU. Given that no predictive heuristic is perfect, there are cases
where the governor predicts a shallow idle state, hoping that the CPU will
be busy soon. However, if no new workload is scheduled on that CPU in the
near future, the CPU may end up in the shallow state.

This is problematic, when the predicted state in the aforementioned
scenario is a shallow stop state on a tickless system. As we might get
stuck into shallow states for hours, in absence of ticks or interrupts.

To address this, We forcefully wakeup the cpu by setting the
decrementer. The decrementer is set to a value that corresponds with the
residency of the next available state. Thus firing up a timer that will
forcefully wakeup the cpu. Few such iterations will essentially train the
governor to select a deeper state for that cpu, as the timer here
corresponds to the next available cpuidle state residency. Thus, cpu will
eventually end up in the deepest possible state.

Signed-off-by: Abhishek Goel <huntbag@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---

Auto-promotion
 v1 : started as auto promotion logic for cpuidle states in generic
driver
 v2 : Removed timeout_needed and rebased the code to upstream kernel
Forced-wakeup
 v1 : New patch with name of forced wakeup started
 v2 : Extending the forced wakeup logic for all states. Setting the
decrementer instead of queuing up a hrtimer to implement the logic.

 drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-powernv.c | 38 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 38 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-powernv.c b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-powernv.c
index 84b1ebe212b3..bc9ca18ae7e3 100644
--- a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-powernv.c
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-powernv.c
@@ -46,6 +46,26 @@ static struct stop_psscr_table stop_psscr_table[CPUIDLE_STATE_MAX] __read_mostly
 static u64 default_snooze_timeout __read_mostly;
 static bool snooze_timeout_en __read_mostly;
 
+static u64 forced_wakeup_timeout(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
+				 struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
+				 int index)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = index + 1; i < drv->state_count; i++) {
+		struct cpuidle_state *s = &drv->states[i];
+		struct cpuidle_state_usage *su = &dev->states_usage[i];
+
+		if (s->disabled || su->disable)
+			continue;
+
+		return (s->target_residency + 2 * s->exit_latency) *
+			tb_ticks_per_usec;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static u64 get_snooze_timeout(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
 			      struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
 			      int index)
@@ -144,8 +164,26 @@ static int stop_loop(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
 		     struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
 		     int index)
 {
+	u64 dec_expiry_tb, dec, timeout_tb, forced_wakeup;
+
+	dec = mfspr(SPRN_DEC);
+	timeout_tb = forced_wakeup_timeout(dev, drv, index);
+	forced_wakeup = 0;
+
+	if (timeout_tb && timeout_tb < dec) {
+		forced_wakeup = 1;
+		dec_expiry_tb = mftb() + dec;
+	}
+
+	if (forced_wakeup)
+		mtspr(SPRN_DEC, timeout_tb);
+
 	power9_idle_type(stop_psscr_table[index].val,
 			 stop_psscr_table[index].mask);
+
+	if (forced_wakeup)
+		mtspr(SPRN_DEC, dec_expiry_tb - mftb());
+
 	return index;
 }
 
-- 
2.17.1


  reply index

Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-06-17  9:56 [PATCH v2 0/1] Forced-wakeup for stop states on Powernv Abhishek Goel
2019-06-17  9:56 ` Abhishek Goel [this message]
2019-06-19  4:23   ` [PATCH v2 1/1] cpuidle-powernv : forced wakeup for stop states Nicholas Piggin
2019-06-19  9:08     ` Abhishek
2019-06-19 10:09       ` Nicholas Piggin
2019-06-26  9:09         ` Abhishek

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