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From: Patrick Bellasi <patrick.bellasi@arm.com>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-pm@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>, Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>,
	"Rafael J . Wysocki" <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>,
	Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@linaro.org>,
	Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org>,
	Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>,
	Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@arm.com>,
	Dietmar Eggemann <dietmar.eggemann@arm.com>,
	Morten Rasmussen <morten.rasmussen@arm.com>,
	Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@redhat.com>, Todd Kjos <tkjos@google.com>,
	Joel Fernandes <joelaf@google.com>,
	Steve Muckle <smuckle@google.com>,
	Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com>,
	Alessio Balsini <balsini@android.com>
Subject: [PATCH v10 03/16] sched/core: uclamp: Enforce last task's UCLAMP_MAX
Date: Fri, 21 Jun 2019 09:42:04 +0100
Message-ID: <20190621084217.8167-4-patrick.bellasi@arm.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190621084217.8167-1-patrick.bellasi@arm.com>

When a task sleeps it removes its max utilization clamp from its CPU.
However, the blocked utilization on that CPU can be higher than the max
clamp value enforced while the task was running. This allows undesired
CPU frequency increases while a CPU is idle, for example, when another
CPU on the same frequency domain triggers a frequency update, since
schedutil can now see the full not clamped blocked utilization of the
idle CPU.

Fix this by using
  uclamp_rq_dec_id(p, rq, UCLAMP_MAX)
    uclamp_rq_max_value(rq, UCLAMP_MAX, clamp_value)
to detect when a CPU has no more RUNNABLE clamped tasks and to flag this
condition.

Don't track any minimum utilization clamps since an idle CPU never
requires a minimum frequency. The decay of the blocked utilization is
good enough to reduce the CPU frequency.

Signed-off-by: Patrick Bellasi <patrick.bellasi@arm.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
---
 kernel/sched/core.c  | 49 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 kernel/sched/sched.h |  2 ++
 2 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 9c805b83cb36..b230a3d37263 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -792,8 +792,36 @@ static inline void uclamp_se_set(struct uclamp_se *uc_se, unsigned int value)
 	uc_se->bucket_id = uclamp_bucket_id(value);
 }
 
+static inline unsigned int
+uclamp_idle_value(struct rq *rq, unsigned int clamp_id,
+		  unsigned int clamp_value)
+{
+	/*
+	 * Avoid blocked utilization pushing up the frequency when we go
+	 * idle (which drops the max-clamp) by retaining the last known
+	 * max-clamp.
+	 */
+	if (clamp_id == UCLAMP_MAX) {
+		rq->uclamp_flags |= UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE;
+		return clamp_value;
+	}
+
+	return uclamp_none(UCLAMP_MIN);
+}
+
+static inline void uclamp_idle_reset(struct rq *rq, unsigned int clamp_id,
+				     unsigned int clamp_value)
+{
+	/* Reset max-clamp retention only on idle exit */
+	if (!(rq->uclamp_flags & UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE))
+		return;
+
+	WRITE_ONCE(rq->uclamp[clamp_id].value, clamp_value);
+}
+
 static inline
-unsigned int uclamp_rq_max_value(struct rq *rq, unsigned int clamp_id)
+unsigned int uclamp_rq_max_value(struct rq *rq, unsigned int clamp_id,
+				 unsigned int clamp_value)
 {
 	struct uclamp_bucket *bucket = rq->uclamp[clamp_id].bucket;
 	int bucket_id = UCLAMP_BUCKETS - 1;
@@ -809,7 +837,7 @@ unsigned int uclamp_rq_max_value(struct rq *rq, unsigned int clamp_id)
 	}
 
 	/* No tasks -- default clamp values */
-	return uclamp_none(clamp_id);
+	return uclamp_idle_value(rq, clamp_id, clamp_value);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -834,6 +862,8 @@ static inline void uclamp_rq_inc_id(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p,
 	bucket = &uc_rq->bucket[uc_se->bucket_id];
 	bucket->tasks++;
 
+	uclamp_idle_reset(rq, clamp_id, uc_se->value);
+
 	/*
 	 * Local max aggregation: rq buckets always track the max
 	 * "requested" clamp value of its RUNNABLE tasks.
@@ -860,6 +890,7 @@ static inline void uclamp_rq_dec_id(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p,
 	struct uclamp_rq *uc_rq = &rq->uclamp[clamp_id];
 	struct uclamp_se *uc_se = &p->uclamp[clamp_id];
 	struct uclamp_bucket *bucket;
+	unsigned int bkt_clamp;
 	unsigned int rq_clamp;
 
 	lockdep_assert_held(&rq->lock);
@@ -884,8 +915,10 @@ static inline void uclamp_rq_dec_id(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p,
 	 * e.g. due to future modification, warn and fixup the expected value.
 	 */
 	SCHED_WARN_ON(bucket->value > rq_clamp);
-	if (bucket->value >= rq_clamp)
-		WRITE_ONCE(uc_rq->value, uclamp_rq_max_value(rq, clamp_id));
+	if (bucket->value >= rq_clamp) {
+		bkt_clamp = uclamp_rq_max_value(rq, clamp_id, uc_se->value);
+		WRITE_ONCE(uc_rq->value, bkt_clamp);
+	}
 }
 
 static inline void uclamp_rq_inc(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
@@ -897,6 +930,10 @@ static inline void uclamp_rq_inc(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
 
 	for_each_clamp_id(clamp_id)
 		uclamp_rq_inc_id(rq, p, clamp_id);
+
+	/* Reset clamp idle holding when there is one RUNNABLE task */
+	if (rq->uclamp_flags & UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE)
+		rq->uclamp_flags &= ~UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE;
 }
 
 static inline void uclamp_rq_dec(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
@@ -915,8 +952,10 @@ static void __init init_uclamp(void)
 	unsigned int clamp_id;
 	int cpu;
 
-	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
+	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
 		memset(&cpu_rq(cpu)->uclamp, 0, sizeof(struct uclamp_rq));
+		cpu_rq(cpu)->uclamp_flags = 0;
+	}
 
 	for_each_clamp_id(clamp_id) {
 		uclamp_se_set(&init_task.uclamp[clamp_id],
diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index 9149d90b8b7c..cd36002436fc 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -870,6 +870,8 @@ struct rq {
 #ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK
 	/* Utilization clamp values based on CPU's RUNNABLE tasks */
 	struct uclamp_rq	uclamp[UCLAMP_CNT] ____cacheline_aligned;
+	unsigned int		uclamp_flags;
+#define UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE 0x01
 #endif
 
 	struct cfs_rq		cfs;
-- 
2.21.0


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 27+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-06-21  8:42 [PATCH v10 00/16] Add utilization clamping support Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-21  8:42 ` [PATCH v10 01/16] sched/core: uclamp: Add CPU's clamp buckets refcounting Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-21  8:42 ` [PATCH v10 02/16] sched/core: uclamp: Add bucket local max tracking Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-21  8:42 ` Patrick Bellasi [this message]
2019-06-21  8:42 ` [PATCH v10 04/16] sched/core: uclamp: Add system default clamps Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-21  8:42 ` [PATCH v10 05/16] sched/core: Allow sched_setattr() to use the current policy Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-21  8:42 ` [PATCH v10 06/16] sched/core: uclamp: Extend sched_setattr() to support utilization clamping Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-21  8:42 ` [PATCH v10 07/16] sched/core: uclamp: Reset uclamp values on RESET_ON_FORK Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-21  8:42 ` [PATCH v10 08/16] sched/core: uclamp: Set default clamps for RT tasks Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-21  8:42 ` [PATCH v10 09/16] sched/cpufreq: uclamp: Add clamps for FAIR and " Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-21  8:42 ` [PATCH v10 10/16] sched/core: uclamp: Add uclamp_util_with() Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-21  8:42 ` [PATCH v10 11/16] sched/fair: uclamp: Add uclamp support to energy_compute() Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-21 14:01   ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-06-21 14:47     ` Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-21  8:42 ` [PATCH v10 12/16] sched/core: uclamp: Extend CPU's cgroup controller Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-22 15:03   ` Tejun Heo
2019-06-24 17:29     ` Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-24 17:52       ` Tejun Heo
2019-06-25  9:31         ` Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-21  8:42 ` [PATCH v10 13/16] sched/core: uclamp: Propagate parent clamps Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-22 15:07   ` Tejun Heo
2019-06-24 17:34     ` Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-24 17:46       ` Tejun Heo
2019-06-21  8:42 ` [PATCH v10 14/16] sched/core: uclamp: Propagate system defaults to root group Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-21  8:42 ` [PATCH v10 15/16] sched/core: uclamp: Use TG's clamps to restrict TASK's clamps Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-21  8:42 ` [PATCH v10 16/16] sched/core: uclamp: Update CPU's refcount on TG's clamp changes Patrick Bellasi
2019-06-21 14:55 ` [PATCH v10 00/16] Add utilization clamping support Patrick Bellasi

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