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From: Leonard Crestez <leonard.crestez@nxp.com>
To: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@kernel.org>,
	MyungJoo Ham <myungjoo.ham@samsung.com>,
	Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>,
	Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>,
	"Shawn Guo" <shawnguo@kernel.org>,
	"Chanwoo Choi" <cw00.choi@samsung.com>,
	"Mark Rutland" <mark.rutland@arm.com>,
	"Michael Turquette" <mturquette@baylibre.com>,
	"Artur Świgoń" <a.swigon@partner.samsung.com>,
	"Saravana Kannan" <saravanak@google.com>,
	"Angus Ainslie" <angus@akkea.ca>,
	"Martin Kepplinger" <martink@posteo.de>,
	"Matthias Kaehlcke" <mka@chromium.org>,
	"Krzysztof Kozlowski" <krzk@kernel.org>,
	"Alexandre Bailon" <abailon@baylibre.com>,
	"Georgi Djakov" <georgi.djakov@linaro.org>,
	"Dong Aisheng" <aisheng.dong@nxp.com>,
	"Abel Vesa" <abel.vesa@nxp.com>, "Jacky Bai" <ping.bai@nxp.com>,
	"Anson Huang" <Anson.Huang@nxp.com>,
	"Fabio Estevam" <fabio.estevam@nxp.com>,
	"Viresh Kumar" <viresh.kumar@linaro.org>,
	devicetree@vger.kernel.org, linux-pm@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-clk@vger.kernel.org, linux-imx@nxp.com,
	kernel@pengutronix.de, linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
Subject: [PATCH v4 4/6] PM / devfreq: Add dynamic scaling for imx8m ddr controller
Date: Sat,  9 Nov 2019 00:39:54 +0200
Message-ID: <675f35b1e92f49e0d7889675c87e944d454d4e38.1573252696.git.leonard.crestez@nxp.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <cover.1573252696.git.leonard.crestez@nxp.com>
In-Reply-To: <cover.1573252696.git.leonard.crestez@nxp.com>

Add driver for dynamic scaling the DDR Controller on imx8m chips. Actual
frequency switching is implemented inside TF-A, this driver wraps the
SMC calls and synchronizes the clk tree.

The DRAM clocks on imx8m have the following structure (abridged):

 +----------+       |\            +------+
 | dram_pll |-------|M| dram_core |      |
 +----------+       |U|---------->| D    |
                 /--|X|           |  D   |
   dram_alt_root |  |/            |   R  |
                 |                |    C |
            +---------+           |      |
            |FIX DIV/4|           |      |
            +---------+           |      |
  composite:     |                |      |
 +----------+    |                |      |
 | dram_alt |----/                |      |
 +----------+                     |      |
 | dram_apb |-------------------->|      |
 +----------+                     +------+

The dram_pll is used for higher rates and dram_alt is used for lower
rates. The dram_alt and dram_apb clocks are "imx composite" and their
parent can also be modified.

This driver will prepare/enable the new parents ahead of switching (so
that the expected roots are enabled) and afterwards it will call
clk_set_parent to ensure the parents in clock framework are up-to-date.

The driver relies on dram_pll dram_alt and dram_apb being marked with
CLK_GET_RATE_NOCACHE for rate updates.

Signed-off-by: Leonard Crestez <leonard.crestez@nxp.com>
---
 drivers/devfreq/Kconfig      |  10 +
 drivers/devfreq/Makefile     |   1 +
 drivers/devfreq/imx8m-ddrc.c | 416 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 427 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/devfreq/imx8m-ddrc.c

diff --git a/drivers/devfreq/Kconfig b/drivers/devfreq/Kconfig
index defe1d438710..c519fd27808f 100644
--- a/drivers/devfreq/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/devfreq/Kconfig
@@ -90,10 +90,20 @@ config ARM_EXYNOS_BUS_DEVFREQ
 	  Each memory bus group could contain many memoby bus block. It reads
 	  PPMU counters of memory controllers by using DEVFREQ-event device
 	  and adjusts the operating frequencies and voltages with OPP support.
 	  This does not yet operate with optimal voltages.
 
+config ARM_IMX8M_DDRC_DEVFREQ
+	tristate "i.MX8M DDRC DEVFREQ Driver"
+	depends on ARCH_MXC || COMPILE_TEST
+	select DEVFREQ_GOV_SIMPLE_ONDEMAND
+	select DEVFREQ_GOV_USERSPACE
+	select PM_OPP
+	help
+	  This adds the DEVFREQ driver for the i.MX8M DDR Controller. It allows
+	  adjusting DRAM frequency.
+
 config ARM_TEGRA_DEVFREQ
 	tristate "NVIDIA Tegra30/114/124/210 DEVFREQ Driver"
 	depends on ARCH_TEGRA_3x_SOC || ARCH_TEGRA_114_SOC || \
 		ARCH_TEGRA_132_SOC || ARCH_TEGRA_124_SOC || \
 		ARCH_TEGRA_210_SOC || \
diff --git a/drivers/devfreq/Makefile b/drivers/devfreq/Makefile
index 338ae8440db6..3eb4d5e6635c 100644
--- a/drivers/devfreq/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/devfreq/Makefile
@@ -7,10 +7,11 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_DEVFREQ_GOV_POWERSAVE)	+= governor_powersave.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DEVFREQ_GOV_USERSPACE)	+= governor_userspace.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DEVFREQ_GOV_PASSIVE)	+= governor_passive.o
 
 # DEVFREQ Drivers
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_EXYNOS_BUS_DEVFREQ)	+= exynos-bus.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_IMX8M_DDRC_DEVFREQ)	+= imx8m-ddrc.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_RK3399_DMC_DEVFREQ)	+= rk3399_dmc.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_TEGRA_DEVFREQ)		+= tegra30-devfreq.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_TEGRA20_DEVFREQ)	+= tegra20-devfreq.o
 
 # DEVFREQ Event Drivers
diff --git a/drivers/devfreq/imx8m-ddrc.c b/drivers/devfreq/imx8m-ddrc.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..51903fee21a7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/devfreq/imx8m-ddrc.c
@@ -0,0 +1,416 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Copyright 2019 NXP
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/of_device.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/devfreq.h>
+#include <linux/pm_opp.h>
+#include <linux/clk.h>
+#include <linux/clk-provider.h>
+#include <linux/arm-smccc.h>
+
+#define IMX_SIP_DDR_DVFS			0xc2000004
+
+/* Values starting from 0 switch to specific frequency */
+#define IMX_SIP_DDR_FREQ_SET_HIGH		0x00
+
+/* Deprecated after moving IRQ handling to ATF */
+#define IMX_SIP_DDR_DVFS_WAIT_CHANGE		0x0F
+
+/* Query available frequencies. */
+#define IMX_SIP_DDR_DVFS_GET_FREQ_COUNT		0x10
+#define IMX_SIP_DDR_DVFS_GET_FREQ_INFO		0x11
+
+/*
+ * This should be in a 1:1 mapping with devicetree OPPs but
+ * firmware provides additional info.
+ */
+struct imx8m_ddrc_freq {
+	unsigned long rate;
+	unsigned long smcarg;
+	int dram_core_parent_index;
+	int dram_alt_parent_index;
+	int dram_apb_parent_index;
+};
+
+/* Hardware limitation */
+#define IMX8M_DDRC_MAX_FREQ_COUNT 4
+
+/*
+ * i.MX8M DRAM Controller clocks have the following structure (abridged):
+ *
+ * +----------+       |\            +------+
+ * | dram_pll |-------|M| dram_core |      |
+ * +----------+       |U|---------->| D    |
+ *                 /--|X|           |  D   |
+ *   dram_alt_root |  |/            |   R  |
+ *                 |                |    C |
+ *            +---------+           |      |
+ *            |FIX DIV/4|           |      |
+ *            +---------+           |      |
+ *  composite:     |                |      |
+ * +----------+    |                |      |
+ * | dram_alt |----/                |      |
+ * +----------+                     |      |
+ * | dram_apb |-------------------->|      |
+ * +----------+                     +------+
+ *
+ * The dram_pll is used for higher rates and dram_alt is used for lower rates.
+ *
+ * Frequency switching is implemented in TF-A (via SMC call) and can change the
+ * configuration of the clocks, including mux parents. The dram_alt and
+ * dram_apb clocks are "imx composite" and their parent can change too.
+ *
+ * We need to prepare/enable the new mux parents head of switching and update
+ * their information afterwards.
+ */
+struct imx8m_ddrc {
+	struct devfreq_dev_profile profile;
+	struct devfreq *devfreq;
+
+	/* For frequency switching: */
+	struct clk *dram_core;
+	struct clk *dram_pll;
+	struct clk *dram_alt;
+	struct clk *dram_apb;
+
+	int freq_count;
+	struct imx8m_ddrc_freq freq_table[IMX8M_DDRC_MAX_FREQ_COUNT];
+};
+
+static struct imx8m_ddrc_freq *imx8m_ddrc_find_freq(struct imx8m_ddrc *priv,
+						    unsigned long rate)
+{
+	struct imx8m_ddrc_freq *freq;
+	int i;
+
+	/*
+	 * Firmware reports values in MT/s, so we round-down from Hz
+	 * Rounding is extra generous to ensure a match.
+	 */
+	rate = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(rate, 250000);
+	for (i = 0; i < priv->freq_count; ++i) {
+		freq = &priv->freq_table[i];
+		if (freq->rate == rate ||
+				freq->rate + 1 == rate ||
+				freq->rate - 1 == rate)
+			return freq;
+	}
+
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static void imx8m_ddrc_smc_set_freq(int target_freq)
+{
+	struct arm_smccc_res res;
+	u32 online_cpus = 0;
+	int cpu;
+
+	local_irq_disable();
+
+	for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
+		online_cpus |= (1 << (cpu * 8));
+
+	/* change the ddr freqency */
+	arm_smccc_smc(IMX_SIP_DDR_DVFS, target_freq, online_cpus,
+			0, 0, 0, 0, 0, &res);
+
+	local_irq_enable();
+}
+
+struct clk *clk_get_parent_by_index(struct clk *clk, int index)
+{
+	struct clk_hw *hw;
+
+	hw = clk_hw_get_parent_by_index(__clk_get_hw(clk), index);
+
+	return hw ? hw->clk : NULL;
+}
+
+static int imx8m_ddrc_set_freq(struct device *dev, struct imx8m_ddrc_freq *freq)
+{
+	struct imx8m_ddrc *priv = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+	struct clk *new_dram_core_parent;
+	struct clk *new_dram_alt_parent;
+	struct clk *new_dram_apb_parent;
+	int ret;
+
+	new_dram_core_parent = clk_get_parent_by_index(
+			priv->dram_core, freq->dram_core_parent_index - 1);
+	new_dram_alt_parent = clk_get_parent_by_index(
+			priv->dram_alt, freq->dram_alt_parent_index - 1);
+	new_dram_apb_parent = clk_get_parent_by_index(
+			priv->dram_apb, freq->dram_apb_parent_index - 1);
+
+	/* increase reference counts and ensure clks are ON before switch */
+	ret = clk_prepare_enable(new_dram_core_parent);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(dev, "failed enable new dram_core parent: %d\n", ret);
+		goto out;
+	}
+	ret = clk_prepare_enable(new_dram_alt_parent);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(dev, "failed enable new dram_alt parent: %d\n", ret);
+		goto out_dis_core;
+	}
+	ret = clk_prepare_enable(new_dram_apb_parent);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(dev, "failed enable new dram_apb parent: %d\n", ret);
+		goto out_dis_alt;
+	}
+
+	imx8m_ddrc_smc_set_freq(freq->smcarg);
+
+	/* update parents in clk tree after switch. */
+	ret = clk_set_parent(priv->dram_core, new_dram_core_parent);
+	if (ret)
+		dev_err(dev, "failed set dram_core parent: %d\n", ret);
+	if (new_dram_alt_parent) {
+		ret = clk_set_parent(priv->dram_alt, new_dram_alt_parent);
+		if (ret)
+			dev_err(dev, "failed set dram_alt parent: %d\n", ret);
+	}
+	if (new_dram_apb_parent) {
+		ret = clk_set_parent(priv->dram_apb, new_dram_apb_parent);
+		if (ret)
+			dev_err(dev, "failed set dram_apb parent: %d\n", ret);
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Explicitly refresh dram PLL rate.
+	 *
+	 * Even if it's marked with CLK_GET_RATE_NOCACHE the rate will not be
+	 * automatically refreshed when clk_get_rate is called on children.
+	 */
+	clk_get_rate(priv->dram_pll);
+
+	/*
+	 * clk_set_parent transfer the reference count from old parent.
+	 * now we drop extra reference counts used during the switch
+	 */
+	clk_disable_unprepare(new_dram_apb_parent);
+out_dis_alt:
+	clk_disable_unprepare(new_dram_alt_parent);
+out_dis_core:
+	clk_disable_unprepare(new_dram_core_parent);
+out:
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int imx8m_ddrc_target(struct device *dev, unsigned long *freq, u32 flags)
+{
+	struct imx8m_ddrc *priv = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+	struct imx8m_ddrc_freq *freq_info;
+	struct dev_pm_opp *new_opp;
+	unsigned long old_freq, new_freq;
+	int ret;
+
+	new_opp = devfreq_recommended_opp(dev, freq, flags);
+	if (IS_ERR(new_opp)) {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(new_opp);
+		dev_err(dev, "failed to get recommended opp: %d\n", ret);
+		return ret;
+	}
+	dev_pm_opp_put(new_opp);
+
+	old_freq = clk_get_rate(priv->dram_core);
+	if (*freq == old_freq)
+		return 0;
+
+	freq_info = imx8m_ddrc_find_freq(priv, *freq);
+	if (!freq_info)
+		return -EINVAL;
+	ret = imx8m_ddrc_set_freq(dev, freq_info);
+
+	/* Also read back the clk rate to verify switch was correct */
+	new_freq = clk_get_rate(priv->dram_core);
+	if (ret || *freq != new_freq)
+		dev_err(dev, "ddrc failed freq set to %lu from %lu, now at %lu\n",
+			old_freq, *freq, new_freq);
+	else
+		dev_dbg(dev, "ddrc freq set to %lu (was %lu)\n",
+			*freq, old_freq);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int imx8m_ddrc_get_cur_freq(struct device *dev, unsigned long *freq)
+{
+	struct imx8m_ddrc *priv = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+	*freq = clk_get_rate(priv->dram_core);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int imx8m_ddrc_init_freq_info(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct imx8m_ddrc *priv = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+	struct arm_smccc_res res;
+	int index;
+
+	/*
+	 * An error here means DDR DVFS API not supported by firmware
+	 */
+	arm_smccc_smc(IMX_SIP_DDR_DVFS, IMX_SIP_DDR_DVFS_GET_FREQ_COUNT,
+			0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, &res);
+	priv->freq_count = res.a0;
+	if (priv->freq_count <= 0 ||
+			priv->freq_count > IMX8M_DDRC_MAX_FREQ_COUNT)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	for (index = 0; index < priv->freq_count; ++index) {
+		struct imx8m_ddrc_freq *freq = &priv->freq_table[index];
+
+		arm_smccc_smc(IMX_SIP_DDR_DVFS, IMX_SIP_DDR_DVFS_GET_FREQ_INFO,
+				index, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, &res);
+		/* Result should be strictly positive */
+		if ((long)res.a0 <= 0)
+			return -ENODEV;
+
+		freq->rate = res.a0;
+		freq->smcarg = index;
+		freq->dram_core_parent_index = res.a1;
+		freq->dram_alt_parent_index = res.a2;
+		freq->dram_apb_parent_index = res.a3;
+
+		/* dram_core has 2 options: dram_pll or dram_alt_root */
+		if (freq->dram_core_parent_index != 1 &&
+				freq->dram_core_parent_index != 2)
+			return -ENODEV;
+		/* dram_apb and dram_alt have exactly 8 possible parents */
+		if (freq->dram_alt_parent_index > 8 ||
+				freq->dram_apb_parent_index > 8)
+			return -ENODEV;
+		/* dram_core from alt requires explicit dram_alt parent */
+		if (freq->dram_core_parent_index == 2 &&
+				freq->dram_alt_parent_index == 0)
+			return -ENODEV;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* imx8m_ddrc_check_opps() - disable OPPs not supported by firmware */
+static int imx8m_ddrc_check_opps(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct imx8m_ddrc *priv = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+	struct imx8m_ddrc_freq *freq_info;
+	struct dev_pm_opp *opp;
+	unsigned long freq;
+
+	freq = ULONG_MAX;
+	while (true) {
+		opp = dev_pm_opp_find_freq_floor(dev, &freq);
+		if (opp == ERR_PTR(-ERANGE))
+			break;
+		if (IS_ERR(opp)) {
+			dev_err(dev, "Failed enumerating OPPs: %ld\n",
+				PTR_ERR(opp));
+			return PTR_ERR(opp);
+		}
+		dev_pm_opp_put(opp);
+
+		freq_info = imx8m_ddrc_find_freq(priv, freq);
+		if (!freq_info) {
+			dev_info(dev, "Disable unsupported OPP %luHz %luMT/s\n",
+					freq, DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(freq, 250000));
+			dev_pm_opp_disable(dev, freq);
+		}
+
+		freq--;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void imx8m_ddrc_exit(struct device *dev)
+{
+	dev_pm_opp_of_remove_table(dev);
+}
+
+static int imx8m_ddrc_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
+	struct imx8m_ddrc *priv;
+	const char *gov = DEVFREQ_GOV_USERSPACE;
+	int ret;
+
+	priv = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*priv), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!priv)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, priv);
+
+	ret = imx8m_ddrc_init_freq_info(dev);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(dev, "failed to init firmware freq info: %d\n", ret);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	priv->dram_core = devm_clk_get(dev, "core");
+	priv->dram_pll = devm_clk_get(dev, "pll");
+	priv->dram_alt = devm_clk_get(dev, "alt");
+	priv->dram_apb = devm_clk_get(dev, "apb");
+	if (IS_ERR(priv->dram_core) ||
+		IS_ERR(priv->dram_pll) ||
+		IS_ERR(priv->dram_alt) ||
+		IS_ERR(priv->dram_apb)) {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(priv->devfreq);
+		dev_err(dev, "failed to fetch clocks: %d\n", ret);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	ret = dev_pm_opp_of_add_table(dev);
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		dev_err(dev, "failed to get OPP table\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	ret = imx8m_ddrc_check_opps(dev);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		goto err;
+
+	priv->profile.polling_ms = 1000;
+	priv->profile.target = imx8m_ddrc_target;
+	priv->profile.exit = imx8m_ddrc_exit;
+	priv->profile.get_cur_freq = imx8m_ddrc_get_cur_freq;
+	priv->profile.initial_freq = clk_get_rate(priv->dram_core);
+
+	priv->devfreq = devm_devfreq_add_device(dev, &priv->profile,
+						gov, NULL);
+	if (IS_ERR(priv->devfreq)) {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(priv->devfreq);
+		dev_err(dev, "failed to add devfreq device: %d\n", ret);
+		goto err;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+
+err:
+	dev_pm_opp_of_remove_table(dev);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct of_device_id imx8m_ddrc_of_match[] = {
+	{ .compatible = "fsl,imx8m-ddrc", },
+	{ /* sentinel */ },
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, imx8m_ddrc_of_match);
+
+static struct platform_driver imx8m_ddrc_platdrv = {
+	.probe		= imx8m_ddrc_probe,
+	.driver = {
+		.name	= "imx8m-ddrc-devfreq",
+		.of_match_table = of_match_ptr(imx8m_ddrc_of_match),
+	},
+};
+module_platform_driver(imx8m_ddrc_platdrv);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("i.MX8M DDR Controller frequency driver");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Leonard Crestez <leonard.crestez@nxp.com>");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
-- 
2.17.1


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 18+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-11-08 22:39 [PATCH v4 0/6] " Leonard Crestez
2019-11-08 22:39 ` [PATCH v4 1/6] clk: imx8m: Set CLK_GET_RATE_NOCACHE on dram clocks Leonard Crestez
2019-11-12 11:18   ` Abel Vesa
2019-11-12 13:43     ` Leonard Crestez
2019-11-12 15:10       ` Abel Vesa
2019-11-08 22:39 ` [PATCH v4 2/6] clk: imx: Mark dram pll on 8mm and 8mn with CLK_GET_RATE_NOCACHE Leonard Crestez
2019-11-12 11:18   ` Abel Vesa
2019-11-08 22:39 ` [PATCH v4 3/6] dt-bindings: memory: Add bindings for imx8m ddr controller Leonard Crestez
2019-11-08 22:39 ` Leonard Crestez [this message]
2019-11-11  3:23   ` [PATCH v4 4/6] PM / devfreq: Add dynamic scaling " Chanwoo Choi
2019-11-11 17:23     ` Leonard Crestez
2019-11-12  1:00       ` Chanwoo Choi
2019-11-12 14:47         ` Leonard Crestez
2019-11-08 22:39 ` [PATCH v4 5/6] PM / devfreq: imx8m-ddrc: Measure bandwidth with perf Leonard Crestez
2019-11-11  5:18   ` Chanwoo Choi
2019-11-12 13:17     ` Leonard Crestez
2019-11-13  1:43       ` Chanwoo Choi
2019-11-08 22:39 ` [PATCH v4 6/6] arm64: dts: imx8m: Add ddr controller nodes Leonard Crestez

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Linux-PM Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pm/0 linux-pm/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 linux-pm linux-pm/ https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pm \
		linux-pm@vger.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index linux-pm

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.linux-pm


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git