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* [PATCH v2 0/4] Add support for devices in the Energy Model
@ 2020-02-06 13:46 lukasz.luba
  2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 1/4] PM / EM: add devices to " lukasz.luba
                   ` (3 more replies)
  0 siblings, 4 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: lukasz.luba @ 2020-02-06 13:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-pm, linux-arm-kernel, dri-devel, linux-omap,
	linux-mediatek, linux-arm-msm, linux-imx
  Cc: Morten.Rasmussen, Dietmar.Eggemann, Chris.Redpath,
	ionela.voinescu, javi.merino, cw00.choi, b.zolnierkie, rjw,
	sudeep.holla, viresh.kumar, nm, sboyd, rui.zhang, amit.kucheria,
	daniel.lezcano, mingo, peterz, juri.lelli, vincent.guittot,
	rostedt, qperret, bsegall, mgorman, shawnguo, s.hauer, festevam,
	kernel, khilman, agross, bjorn.andersson, robh, matthias.bgg,
	steven.price, tomeu.vizoso, alyssa.rosenzweig, airlied, daniel,
	liviu.dudau, lorenzo.pieralisi, lukasz.luba, patrick.bellasi

From: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>

Hi all,

This patch set introduces support for devices in the Energy Model (EM)
framework. It will unify the power model for thermal subsystem and make it
simpler. The 1st patch refactors EM framework and adds support for devices.
The 2nd patch changes dev_pm_opp_of_register_em() in OPP/OF which now should
take as an argument struct device pointer. It touches a few trees
(OMAP, NXP, mediatek) updating their CPUfreq drivers to the new interface.
Patch 3/4 changes thermal devfreq cooling removing old code for calculating
local power table. It simplifies the code and uses EM for requested power
calculation. Last patch 4/4 adds EM to Panfrost driver.

The patch set is based on linux-next tag next-20200206 but also applies on
top of today's Linus's master.

Changes:
v2:
- changed EM API em_register_perf_domain() adding cpumask_t pointer
  as last argument (which was discussed with Dietmar and Quentin)
- removed dependency on PM_OPP, thanks to the cpumask_t argument
- removed enum em_type and em->type dependent code
- em_get_pd() can handle CPU device as well as devfreq device
- updated EM documentation
- in devfreq cooling added code which prevents from race condition with
  devfreq governors which are trying to use OPPs while thermal is in the middle
  of disabling them.
- in devfreq cooling added code which updates state of the devfreq device to
  avoid working on stale data when governor has not updated it for a long time
- in devfreq cooling added backward compatibility frequency table for drivers
  which did not provide EM
- added Steven's Reviewed-by to trace code in thermal
- added another CPUFreq driver which needs to be updated to the new API

The v1 can be found here [1].

Regards,
Lukasz Luba

[1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/1/16/619


Lukasz Luba (4):
  PM / EM: add devices to Energy Model
  OPP: change parameter to device pointer in dev_pm_opp_of_register_em()
  thermal: devfreq_cooling: Refactor code and switch to use Energy Model
  drm/panfrost: Register to the Energy Model with devfreq device

 Documentation/power/energy-model.rst        | 129 +++---
 drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq-dt.c                |   2 +-
 drivers/cpufreq/imx6q-cpufreq.c             |   2 +-
 drivers/cpufreq/mediatek-cpufreq.c          |   2 +-
 drivers/cpufreq/omap-cpufreq.c              |   2 +-
 drivers/cpufreq/qcom-cpufreq-hw.c           |   2 +-
 drivers/cpufreq/scmi-cpufreq.c              |  11 +-
 drivers/cpufreq/scpi-cpufreq.c              |   2 +-
 drivers/cpufreq/vexpress-spc-cpufreq.c      |   2 +-
 drivers/gpu/drm/panfrost/panfrost_devfreq.c |   3 +
 drivers/opp/of.c                            |  45 +--
 drivers/thermal/cpufreq_cooling.c           |  10 +-
 drivers/thermal/devfreq_cooling.c           | 427 +++++++++-----------
 include/linux/devfreq_cooling.h             |  17 -
 include/linux/energy_model.h                | 108 +++--
 include/linux/pm_opp.h                      |  14 +-
 include/trace/events/thermal.h              |  19 +-
 kernel/power/energy_model.c                 | 399 ++++++++++++++----
 kernel/sched/sched.h                        |   2 +-
 kernel/sched/topology.c                     |   4 +-
 20 files changed, 712 insertions(+), 490 deletions(-)

-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2 1/4] PM / EM: add devices to Energy Model
  2020-02-06 13:46 [PATCH v2 0/4] Add support for devices in the Energy Model lukasz.luba
@ 2020-02-06 13:46 ` " lukasz.luba
  2020-02-07 12:04   ` Quentin Perret
  2020-02-13 10:59   ` Dietmar Eggemann
  2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 2/4] OPP: change parameter to device pointer in dev_pm_opp_of_register_em() lukasz.luba
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  3 siblings, 2 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: lukasz.luba @ 2020-02-06 13:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-pm, linux-arm-kernel, dri-devel, linux-omap,
	linux-mediatek, linux-arm-msm, linux-imx
  Cc: Morten.Rasmussen, Dietmar.Eggemann, Chris.Redpath,
	ionela.voinescu, javi.merino, cw00.choi, b.zolnierkie, rjw,
	sudeep.holla, viresh.kumar, nm, sboyd, rui.zhang, amit.kucheria,
	daniel.lezcano, mingo, peterz, juri.lelli, vincent.guittot,
	rostedt, qperret, bsegall, mgorman, shawnguo, s.hauer, festevam,
	kernel, khilman, agross, bjorn.andersson, robh, matthias.bgg,
	steven.price, tomeu.vizoso, alyssa.rosenzweig, airlied, daniel,
	liviu.dudau, lorenzo.pieralisi, lukasz.luba, patrick.bellasi

From: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>

Add support of other devices into the Energy Model framework not only the
CPUs. Change the interface to be more unified which can handle other
devices as well.

Signed-off-by: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>
---
 Documentation/power/energy-model.rst | 129 +++++----
 drivers/cpufreq/scmi-cpufreq.c       |  11 +-
 drivers/opp/of.c                     |   9 +-
 drivers/thermal/cpufreq_cooling.c    |  10 +-
 include/linux/energy_model.h         | 108 +++++---
 kernel/power/energy_model.c          | 399 +++++++++++++++++++++------
 kernel/sched/sched.h                 |   2 +-
 kernel/sched/topology.c              |   4 +-
 8 files changed, 469 insertions(+), 203 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/power/energy-model.rst b/Documentation/power/energy-model.rst
index 90a345d57ae9..03ddb4dcd07e 100644
--- a/Documentation/power/energy-model.rst
+++ b/Documentation/power/energy-model.rst
@@ -1,15 +1,17 @@
-====================
-Energy Model of CPUs
-====================
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+=======================
+Energy Model of devices
+=======================
 
 1. Overview
 -----------
 
 The Energy Model (EM) framework serves as an interface between drivers knowing
-the power consumed by CPUs at various performance levels, and the kernel
+the power consumed by devices at various performance levels, and the kernel
 subsystems willing to use that information to make energy-aware decisions.
 
-The source of the information about the power consumed by CPUs can vary greatly
+The source of the information about the power consumed by devices can vary greatly
 from one platform to another. These power costs can be estimated using
 devicetree data in some cases. In others, the firmware will know better.
 Alternatively, userspace might be best positioned. And so on. In order to avoid
@@ -26,7 +28,7 @@ framework, and interested clients reading the data from it::
        | Thermal (IPA) |  | Scheduler (EAS) |  |     Other     |
        +---------------+  +-----------------+  +---------------+
                |                   | em_pd_energy()    |
-               |                   | em_cpu_get()      |
+               |  em_get_pd()      | em_cpu_get()      |
                +---------+         |         +---------+
                          |         |         |
                          v         v         v
@@ -47,12 +49,12 @@ framework, and interested clients reading the data from it::
         | Device Tree  |   |   Firmware    |  |      ?       |
         +--------------+   +---------------+  +--------------+
 
-The EM framework manages power cost tables per 'performance domain' in the
-system. A performance domain is a group of CPUs whose performance is scaled
-together. Performance domains generally have a 1-to-1 mapping with CPUFreq
-policies. All CPUs in a performance domain are required to have the same
-micro-architecture. CPUs in different performance domains can have different
-micro-architectures.
+In case of CPU devices the EM framework manages power cost tables per
+'performance domain' in the system. A performance domain is a group of CPUs
+whose performance is scaled together. Performance domains generally have a
+1-to-1 mapping with CPUFreq policies. All CPUs in a performance domain are
+required to have the same micro-architecture. CPUs in different performance
+domains can have different micro-architectures.
 
 
 2. Core APIs
@@ -70,14 +72,16 @@ CONFIG_ENERGY_MODEL must be enabled to use the EM framework.
 Drivers are expected to register performance domains into the EM framework by
 calling the following API::
 
-  int em_register_perf_domain(cpumask_t *span, unsigned int nr_states,
-			      struct em_data_callback *cb);
+  int em_register_perf_domain(struct device *dev, unsigned int nr_states,
+		struct em_data_callback *cb, cpumask_t *cpus);
 
-Drivers must specify the CPUs of the performance domains using the cpumask
+Drivers must specify the device pointer of the performance domains as first
 argument, and provide a callback function returning <frequency, power> tuples
-for each capacity state. The callback function provided by the driver is free
+for each performance state. The callback function provided by the driver is free
 to fetch data from any relevant location (DT, firmware, ...), and by any mean
-deemed necessary. See Section 3. for an example of driver implementing this
+deemed necessary. For other devices than CPUs the last argumant must be set to
+NULL. Only for CPUfreq drivers it is obligatory to specify the cpumask.
+See Section 3. for an example of driver implementing this
 callback, and kernel/power/energy_model.c for further documentation on this
 API.
 
@@ -85,13 +89,20 @@ API.
 2.3 Accessing performance domains
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 
+There is two API functions which provide the access to the energy model:
+em_cpu_get() which takes CPU id as an argument and em_get_pd() with device
+pointer as an argument. It depends on the subsystem which interface it is
+going to use, but in case of CPU devices both functions return the same
+performance domain.
+
 Subsystems interested in the energy model of a CPU can retrieve it using the
 em_cpu_get() API. The energy model tables are allocated once upon creation of
 the performance domains, and kept in memory untouched.
 
 The energy consumed by a performance domain can be estimated using the
 em_pd_energy() API. The estimation is performed assuming that the schedutil
-CPUfreq governor is in use.
+CPUfreq governor is in use in case of CPU device. Currently this calculation is
+not provided for other type of devices.
 
 More details about the above APIs can be found in include/linux/energy_model.h.
 
@@ -106,42 +117,46 @@ EM framework::
 
   -> drivers/cpufreq/foo_cpufreq.c
 
-  01	static int est_power(unsigned long *mW, unsigned long *KHz, int cpu)
-  02	{
-  03		long freq, power;
-  04
-  05		/* Use the 'foo' protocol to ceil the frequency */
-  06		freq = foo_get_freq_ceil(cpu, *KHz);
-  07		if (freq < 0);
-  08			return freq;
-  09
-  10		/* Estimate the power cost for the CPU at the relevant freq. */
-  11		power = foo_estimate_power(cpu, freq);
-  12		if (power < 0);
-  13			return power;
-  14
-  15		/* Return the values to the EM framework */
-  16		*mW = power;
-  17		*KHz = freq;
-  18
-  19		return 0;
-  20	}
-  21
-  22	static int foo_cpufreq_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
-  23	{
-  24		struct em_data_callback em_cb = EM_DATA_CB(est_power);
-  25		int nr_opp, ret;
-  26
-  27		/* Do the actual CPUFreq init work ... */
-  28		ret = do_foo_cpufreq_init(policy);
-  29		if (ret)
-  30			return ret;
-  31
-  32		/* Find the number of OPPs for this policy */
-  33		nr_opp = foo_get_nr_opp(policy);
-  34
-  35		/* And register the new performance domain */
-  36		em_register_perf_domain(policy->cpus, nr_opp, &em_cb);
-  37
-  38	        return 0;
-  39	}
+  01	static int est_power(unsigned long *mW, unsigned long *KHz,
+  02			struct device *dev)
+  03	{
+  04		long freq, power;
+  05
+  06		/* Use the 'foo' protocol to ceil the frequency */
+  07		freq = foo_get_freq_ceil(dev, *KHz);
+  08		if (freq < 0);
+  09			return freq;
+  10
+  11		/* Estimate the power cost for the dev at the relevant freq. */
+  12		power = foo_estimate_power(dev, freq);
+  13		if (power < 0);
+  14			return power;
+  15
+  16		/* Return the values to the EM framework */
+  17		*mW = power;
+  18		*KHz = freq;
+  19
+  20		return 0;
+  21	}
+  22
+  23	static int foo_cpufreq_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
+  24	{
+  25		struct em_data_callback em_cb = EM_DATA_CB(est_power);
+  26		struct device *cpu_dev;
+  27		int nr_opp, ret;
+  28
+  29		cpu_dev = get_cpu_device(cpumask_first(policy->cpus));
+  30
+  31     	/* Do the actual CPUFreq init work ... */
+  32     	ret = do_foo_cpufreq_init(policy);
+  33     	if (ret)
+  34     		return ret;
+  35
+  36     	/* Find the number of OPPs for this policy */
+  37     	nr_opp = foo_get_nr_opp(policy);
+  38
+  39     	/* And register the new performance domain */
+  40     	em_register_perf_domain(cpu_dev, nr_opp, &em_cb, policy->cpus);
+  41
+  42	        return 0;
+  43	}
diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/scmi-cpufreq.c b/drivers/cpufreq/scmi-cpufreq.c
index 61623e2ff149..10172aa9ce3e 100644
--- a/drivers/cpufreq/scmi-cpufreq.c
+++ b/drivers/cpufreq/scmi-cpufreq.c
@@ -103,17 +103,12 @@ scmi_get_sharing_cpus(struct device *cpu_dev, struct cpumask *cpumask)
 }
 
 static int __maybe_unused
-scmi_get_cpu_power(unsigned long *power, unsigned long *KHz, int cpu)
+scmi_get_cpu_power(unsigned long *power, unsigned long *KHz,
+		   struct device *cpu_dev)
 {
-	struct device *cpu_dev = get_cpu_device(cpu);
 	unsigned long Hz;
 	int ret, domain;
 
-	if (!cpu_dev) {
-		pr_err("failed to get cpu%d device\n", cpu);
-		return -ENODEV;
-	}
-
 	domain = handle->perf_ops->device_domain_id(cpu_dev);
 	if (domain < 0)
 		return domain;
@@ -200,7 +195,7 @@ static int scmi_cpufreq_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
 
 	policy->fast_switch_possible = true;
 
-	em_register_perf_domain(policy->cpus, nr_opp, &em_cb);
+	em_register_perf_domain(cpu_dev, nr_opp, &em_cb, policy->cpus);
 
 	return 0;
 
diff --git a/drivers/opp/of.c b/drivers/opp/of.c
index 9cd8f0adacae..0efd6cf6d023 100644
--- a/drivers/opp/of.c
+++ b/drivers/opp/of.c
@@ -1047,9 +1047,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dev_pm_opp_get_of_node);
  * calculation failed because of missing parameters, 0 otherwise.
  */
 static int __maybe_unused _get_cpu_power(unsigned long *mW, unsigned long *kHz,
-					 int cpu)
+					 struct device *cpu_dev)
 {
-	struct device *cpu_dev;
 	struct dev_pm_opp *opp;
 	struct device_node *np;
 	unsigned long mV, Hz;
@@ -1057,10 +1056,6 @@ static int __maybe_unused _get_cpu_power(unsigned long *mW, unsigned long *kHz,
 	u64 tmp;
 	int ret;
 
-	cpu_dev = get_cpu_device(cpu);
-	if (!cpu_dev)
-		return -ENODEV;
-
 	np = of_node_get(cpu_dev->of_node);
 	if (!np)
 		return -EINVAL;
@@ -1128,6 +1123,6 @@ void dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(struct cpumask *cpus)
 	if (ret || !cap)
 		return;
 
-	em_register_perf_domain(cpus, nr_opp, &em_cb);
+	em_register_perf_domain(cpu_dev, nr_opp, &em_cb, cpus);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dev_pm_opp_of_register_em);
diff --git a/drivers/thermal/cpufreq_cooling.c b/drivers/thermal/cpufreq_cooling.c
index fe83d7a210d4..fcf2dab1b3b8 100644
--- a/drivers/thermal/cpufreq_cooling.c
+++ b/drivers/thermal/cpufreq_cooling.c
@@ -333,18 +333,18 @@ static inline bool em_is_sane(struct cpufreq_cooling_device *cpufreq_cdev,
 		return false;
 
 	policy = cpufreq_cdev->policy;
-	if (!cpumask_equal(policy->related_cpus, to_cpumask(em->cpus))) {
+	if (!cpumask_equal(policy->related_cpus, em_span_cpus(em))) {
 		pr_err("The span of pd %*pbl is misaligned with cpufreq policy %*pbl\n",
-			cpumask_pr_args(to_cpumask(em->cpus)),
+			cpumask_pr_args(em_span_cpus(em)),
 			cpumask_pr_args(policy->related_cpus));
 		return false;
 	}
 
 	nr_levels = cpufreq_cdev->max_level + 1;
-	if (em->nr_cap_states != nr_levels) {
+	if (em->nr_perf_states != nr_levels) {
 		pr_err("The number of cap states in pd %*pbl (%u) doesn't match the number of cooling levels (%u)\n",
-			cpumask_pr_args(to_cpumask(em->cpus)),
-			em->nr_cap_states, nr_levels);
+			cpumask_pr_args(em_span_cpus(em)),
+			em->nr_perf_states, nr_levels);
 		return false;
 	}
 
diff --git a/include/linux/energy_model.h b/include/linux/energy_model.h
index d249b88a4d5a..6f5fd42538c5 100644
--- a/include/linux/energy_model.h
+++ b/include/linux/energy_model.h
@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
 #ifndef _LINUX_ENERGY_MODEL_H
 #define _LINUX_ENERGY_MODEL_H
 #include <linux/cpumask.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
 #include <linux/jump_label.h>
 #include <linux/kobject.h>
 #include <linux/rcupdate.h>
@@ -10,13 +11,15 @@
 #include <linux/types.h>
 
 /**
- * em_cap_state - Capacity state of a performance domain
- * @frequency:	The CPU frequency in KHz, for consistency with CPUFreq
- * @power:	The power consumed by 1 CPU at this level, in milli-watts
+ * em_perf_state - Performance state of a performance domain
+ * @frequency:	The frequency in KHz, for consistency with CPUFreq
+ * @power:	The power consumed at this level, in milli-watts (by 1 CPU or
+		by a registered device). It can be a total power: static and
+		dynamic.
  * @cost:	The cost coefficient associated with this level, used during
  *		energy calculation. Equal to: power * max_frequency / frequency
  */
-struct em_cap_state {
+struct em_perf_state {
 	unsigned long frequency;
 	unsigned long power;
 	unsigned long cost;
@@ -24,51 +27,65 @@ struct em_cap_state {
 
 /**
  * em_perf_domain - Performance domain
- * @table:		List of capacity states, in ascending order
- * @nr_cap_states:	Number of capacity states
- * @cpus:		Cpumask covering the CPUs of the domain
+ * @table:		List of performance states, in ascending order
+ * @nr_perf_states:	Number of performance states
+ * @priv:		In case of EM for CPU device it is a Cpumask
+ *			covering the CPUs of the domain
  *
- * A "performance domain" represents a group of CPUs whose performance is
- * scaled together. All CPUs of a performance domain must have the same
- * micro-architecture. Performance domains often have a 1-to-1 mapping with
- * CPUFreq policies.
+ * In case of CPU device, a "performance domain" represents a group of CPUs
+ * whose performance is scaled together. All CPUs of a performance domain
+ * must have the same micro-architecture. Performance domains often have
+ * a 1-to-1 mapping with CPUFreq policies.
+ * In case of other devices the 'priv' field is unused.
  */
 struct em_perf_domain {
-	struct em_cap_state *table;
-	int nr_cap_states;
-	unsigned long cpus[0];
+	struct em_perf_state *table;
+	int nr_perf_states;
+	void *priv;
 };
 
+#define em_span_cpus(em) ((struct cpumask *)(em)->priv)
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_ENERGY_MODEL
-#define EM_CPU_MAX_POWER 0xFFFF
+#define EM_MAX_POWER 0xFFFF
 
 struct em_data_callback {
 	/**
-	 * active_power() - Provide power at the next capacity state of a CPU
-	 * @power	: Active power at the capacity state in mW (modified)
-	 * @freq	: Frequency at the capacity state in kHz (modified)
-	 * @cpu		: CPU for which we do this operation
+	 * active_power() - Provide power at the next performance state of a
+	 *		    device
+	 * @power	: Active power at the performance state in mW (modified)
+	 * @freq	: Frequency at the performance state in kHz (modified)
+	 * @dev		: Device for which we do this operation (can be a CPU)
 	 *
-	 * active_power() must find the lowest capacity state of 'cpu' above
+	 * active_power() must find the lowest performance state of 'dev' above
 	 * 'freq' and update 'power' and 'freq' to the matching active power
 	 * and frequency.
 	 *
-	 * The power is the one of a single CPU in the domain, expressed in
-	 * milli-watts. It is expected to fit in the [0, EM_CPU_MAX_POWER]
-	 * range.
+	 * In case of CPUs, the power is the one of a single CPU in the domain,
+	 * expressed in milli-watts. It is expected to fit in the
+	 * [0, EM_MAX_POWER] range.
 	 *
 	 * Return 0 on success.
 	 */
-	int (*active_power)(unsigned long *power, unsigned long *freq, int cpu);
+	int (*active_power)(unsigned long *power, unsigned long *freq,
+			    struct device *dev);
 };
 #define EM_DATA_CB(_active_power_cb) { .active_power = &_active_power_cb }
 
 struct em_perf_domain *em_cpu_get(int cpu);
-int em_register_perf_domain(cpumask_t *span, unsigned int nr_states,
-						struct em_data_callback *cb);
+struct em_perf_domain *em_get_pd(struct device *dev);
+int em_register_perf_domain(struct device *dev, unsigned int nr_states,
+			struct em_data_callback *cb, cpumask_t *span);
+void em_unregister_perf_domain(struct device *dev);
+
+static inline bool _is_cpu_em(struct em_perf_domain *pd)
+{
+	return pd->priv ? true : false;
+}
 
 /**
- * em_pd_energy() - Estimates the energy consumed by the CPUs of a perf. domain
+ * em_pd_energy() - Estimates the energy consumed by the CPUs of a perf.
+			domain
  * @pd		: performance domain for which energy has to be estimated
  * @max_util	: highest utilization among CPUs of the domain
  * @sum_util	: sum of the utilization of all CPUs in the domain
@@ -80,24 +97,28 @@ static inline unsigned long em_pd_energy(struct em_perf_domain *pd,
 				unsigned long max_util, unsigned long sum_util)
 {
 	unsigned long freq, scale_cpu;
-	struct em_cap_state *cs;
+	struct em_perf_state *cs;
 	int i, cpu;
 
+	/* Currently it does not support other devices than CPUs */
+	if (unlikely(!_is_cpu_em(pd)))
+		return 0;
+
 	/*
 	 * In order to predict the capacity state, map the utilization of the
 	 * most utilized CPU of the performance domain to a requested frequency,
 	 * like schedutil.
 	 */
-	cpu = cpumask_first(to_cpumask(pd->cpus));
+	cpu = cpumask_first(em_span_cpus(pd));
 	scale_cpu = arch_scale_cpu_capacity(cpu);
-	cs = &pd->table[pd->nr_cap_states - 1];
+	cs = &pd->table[pd->nr_perf_states - 1];
 	freq = map_util_freq(max_util, cs->frequency, scale_cpu);
 
 	/*
 	 * Find the lowest capacity state of the Energy Model above the
 	 * requested frequency.
 	 */
-	for (i = 0; i < pd->nr_cap_states; i++) {
+	for (i = 0; i < pd->nr_perf_states; i++) {
 		cs = &pd->table[i];
 		if (cs->frequency >= freq)
 			break;
@@ -133,7 +154,7 @@ static inline unsigned long em_pd_energy(struct em_perf_domain *pd,
 	 *   cpu_nrg = ------------------------ * ---------          (3)
 	 *                    cs->freq            scale_cpu
 	 *
-	 * The first term is static, and is stored in the em_cap_state struct
+	 * The first term is static, and is stored in the em_perf_state struct
 	 * as 'cs->cost'.
 	 *
 	 * Since all CPUs of the domain have the same micro-architecture, they
@@ -149,35 +170,44 @@ static inline unsigned long em_pd_energy(struct em_perf_domain *pd,
 }
 
 /**
- * em_pd_nr_cap_states() - Get the number of capacity states of a perf. domain
+ * em_pd_nr_perf_states() - Get the number of performance states of a
+		performance domain
  * @pd		: performance domain for which this must be done
  *
- * Return: the number of capacity states in the performance domain table
+ * Return: the number of performance states in the performance domain table
  */
-static inline int em_pd_nr_cap_states(struct em_perf_domain *pd)
+static inline int em_pd_nr_perf_states(struct em_perf_domain *pd)
 {
-	return pd->nr_cap_states;
+	return pd->nr_perf_states;
 }
 
 #else
 struct em_data_callback {};
 #define EM_DATA_CB(_active_power_cb) { }
 
-static inline int em_register_perf_domain(cpumask_t *span,
-			unsigned int nr_states, struct em_data_callback *cb)
+static inline int em_register_perf_domain(struct device *dev,
+			unsigned int nr_states,	struct em_data_callback *cb,
+			cpumask_t *span)
 {
 	return -EINVAL;
 }
+static inline void em_unregister_perf_domain(struct device *dev)
+{
+}
 static inline struct em_perf_domain *em_cpu_get(int cpu)
 {
 	return NULL;
 }
+static inline struct em_perf_domain *em_get_pd(struct device *dev)
+{
+	return NULL;
+}
 static inline unsigned long em_pd_energy(struct em_perf_domain *pd,
 			unsigned long max_util, unsigned long sum_util)
 {
 	return 0;
 }
-static inline int em_pd_nr_cap_states(struct em_perf_domain *pd)
+static inline int em_pd_nr_perf_states(struct em_perf_domain *pd)
 {
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/kernel/power/energy_model.c b/kernel/power/energy_model.c
index 0a9326f5f421..2d3735369967 100644
--- a/kernel/power/energy_model.c
+++ b/kernel/power/energy_model.c
@@ -2,8 +2,9 @@
 /*
  * Energy Model of CPUs
  *
- * Copyright (c) 2018, Arm ltd.
+ * Copyright (c) 2018-2020, Arm ltd.
  * Written by: Quentin Perret, Arm ltd.
+ * Improvements provided by: Lukasz Luba, Arm ltd.
  */
 
 #define pr_fmt(fmt) "energy_model: " fmt
@@ -12,22 +13,44 @@
 #include <linux/cpumask.h>
 #include <linux/debugfs.h>
 #include <linux/energy_model.h>
+#include <linux/idr.h>
 #include <linux/sched/topology.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
 
-/* Mapping of each CPU to the performance domain to which it belongs. */
-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct em_perf_domain *, em_data);
+/**
+ * em_device - Performance domain wrapper for device
+ * @em_pd:		Performance domain which carries the energy model
+ * @dev:		Device for which this performance domain is set
+ * @id:			Id of this performance domain
+ * @em_dev_list:	List entry to connect all the devices perf. domains
+ * @debug_dir:		Optional debug directory
+ *
+ * Internal structure. It contains a "performance domain" and the corresponding
+ * device.
+ */
+struct em_device {
+	struct em_perf_domain *em_pd;
+	struct device *dev;
+	int id;
+	struct list_head em_dev_list;
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
+	struct dentry *debug_dir;
+#endif
+};
 
+static DEFINE_IDA(em_dev_ida);
 /*
  * Mutex serializing the registrations of performance domains and letting
  * callbacks defined by drivers sleep.
  */
 static DEFINE_MUTEX(em_pd_mutex);
+/* List of devices' energy model, protected by 'em_pd_mutex' */
+static LIST_HEAD(em_pd_dev_list);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
 static struct dentry *rootdir;
 
-static void em_debug_create_cs(struct em_cap_state *cs, struct dentry *pd)
+static void em_debug_create_cs(struct em_perf_state *cs, struct dentry *pd)
 {
 	struct dentry *d;
 	char name[24];
@@ -43,28 +66,72 @@ static void em_debug_create_cs(struct em_cap_state *cs, struct dentry *pd)
 
 static int em_debug_cpus_show(struct seq_file *s, void *unused)
 {
-	seq_printf(s, "%*pbl\n", cpumask_pr_args(to_cpumask(s->private)));
+	struct em_perf_domain *em_pd = s->private;
+	struct cpumask *mask = em_span_cpus(em_pd);
+
+	seq_printf(s, "%*pbl\n", cpumask_pr_args(mask));
 
 	return 0;
 }
 DEFINE_SHOW_ATTRIBUTE(em_debug_cpus);
 
-static void em_debug_create_pd(struct em_perf_domain *pd, int cpu)
+static int em_debug_dev_show(struct seq_file *s, void *unused)
+{
+	struct em_device *em_dev = s->private;
+	const char *domain_name;
+
+	domain_name = dev_name(em_dev->dev);
+	if (!domain_name)
+		domain_name = "unknown";
+
+	seq_printf(s, "%s\n", domain_name);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+DEFINE_SHOW_ATTRIBUTE(em_debug_dev);
+
+static int em_debug_type_show(struct seq_file *s, void *unused)
+{
+	struct em_perf_domain *em_pd = s->private;
+
+	if (_is_cpu_em(em_pd))
+		seq_puts(s, "EM cpufreq device\n");
+	else
+		seq_puts(s, "EM devfreq device\n");
+
+	return 0;
+}
+DEFINE_SHOW_ATTRIBUTE(em_debug_type);
+
+static void em_debug_create_pd(struct em_device *em_dev)
 {
+	struct em_perf_domain *em_pd = em_dev->em_pd;
 	struct dentry *d;
 	char name[8];
 	int i;
 
-	snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "pd%d", cpu);
+	snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "pd%d", em_dev->id);
 
 	/* Create the directory of the performance domain */
 	d = debugfs_create_dir(name, rootdir);
 
-	debugfs_create_file("cpus", 0444, d, pd->cpus, &em_debug_cpus_fops);
+	if (_is_cpu_em(em_pd))
+		debugfs_create_file("cpus", 0444, d, em_pd,
+				    &em_debug_cpus_fops);
+	else
+		debugfs_create_file("dev_name", 0444, d, em_dev,
+				    &em_debug_dev_fops);
+
+	debugfs_create_file("type", 0444, d, em_pd, &em_debug_type_fops);
 
-	/* Create a sub-directory for each capacity state */
-	for (i = 0; i < pd->nr_cap_states; i++)
-		em_debug_create_cs(&pd->table[i], d);
+	/* Create a sub-directory for each performance state */
+	for (i = 0; i < em_pd->nr_perf_states; i++)
+		em_debug_create_cs(&em_pd->table[i], d);
+}
+
+static void em_debug_remove_pd(struct em_device *em_dev)
+{
+	debugfs_remove_recursive(em_dev->debug_dir);
 }
 
 static int __init em_debug_init(void)
@@ -76,48 +143,49 @@ static int __init em_debug_init(void)
 }
 core_initcall(em_debug_init);
 #else /* CONFIG_DEBUG_FS */
-static void em_debug_create_pd(struct em_perf_domain *pd, int cpu) {}
+static void em_debug_create_pd(struct em_device *em_dev) {}
+static void em_debug_remove_pd(struct em_device *em_dev) {}
 #endif
-static struct em_perf_domain *em_create_pd(cpumask_t *span, int nr_states,
-						struct em_data_callback *cb)
+
+static bool _is_cpu_device(struct device *dev)
+{
+	return (dev->bus == &cpu_subsys);
+}
+
+static int em_create_perf_table(struct device *dev, struct em_perf_domain *pd,
+		int nr_states, struct em_data_callback *cb)
 {
 	unsigned long opp_eff, prev_opp_eff = ULONG_MAX;
 	unsigned long power, freq, prev_freq = 0;
-	int i, ret, cpu = cpumask_first(span);
-	struct em_cap_state *table;
-	struct em_perf_domain *pd;
+	struct em_perf_state *table;
+	int i, ret;
 	u64 fmax;
 
-	if (!cb->active_power)
-		return NULL;
-
-	pd = kzalloc(sizeof(*pd) + cpumask_size(), GFP_KERNEL);
-	if (!pd)
-		return NULL;
-
 	table = kcalloc(nr_states, sizeof(*table), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!table)
-		goto free_pd;
+		return -ENOMEM;
 
-	/* Build the list of capacity states for this performance domain */
+	/* Build the list of performance states for this performance domain */
 	for (i = 0, freq = 0; i < nr_states; i++, freq++) {
 		/*
 		 * active_power() is a driver callback which ceils 'freq' to
-		 * lowest capacity state of 'cpu' above 'freq' and updates
+		 * lowest performance state of 'dev' above 'freq' and updates
 		 * 'power' and 'freq' accordingly.
 		 */
-		ret = cb->active_power(&power, &freq, cpu);
+		ret = cb->active_power(&power, &freq, dev);
 		if (ret) {
-			pr_err("pd%d: invalid cap. state: %d\n", cpu, ret);
+			dev_err(dev, "energy_model: invalid perf. state: %d\n",
+				ret);
 			goto free_cs_table;
 		}
 
 		/*
 		 * We expect the driver callback to increase the frequency for
-		 * higher capacity states.
+		 * higher performance states.
 		 */
 		if (freq <= prev_freq) {
-			pr_err("pd%d: non-increasing freq: %lu\n", cpu, freq);
+			dev_err(dev, "energy_model: non-increasing freq: %lu\n",
+				freq);
 			goto free_cs_table;
 		}
 
@@ -125,8 +193,9 @@ static struct em_perf_domain *em_create_pd(cpumask_t *span, int nr_states,
 		 * The power returned by active_state() is expected to be
 		 * positive, in milli-watts and to fit into 16 bits.
 		 */
-		if (!power || power > EM_CPU_MAX_POWER) {
-			pr_err("pd%d: invalid power: %lu\n", cpu, power);
+		if (!power || power > EM_MAX_POWER) {
+			dev_err(dev, "energy_model: invalid power: %lu\n",
+				power);
 			goto free_cs_table;
 		}
 
@@ -141,12 +210,12 @@ static struct em_perf_domain *em_create_pd(cpumask_t *span, int nr_states,
 		 */
 		opp_eff = freq / power;
 		if (opp_eff >= prev_opp_eff)
-			pr_warn("pd%d: hertz/watts ratio non-monotonically decreasing: em_cap_state %d >= em_cap_state%d\n",
-					cpu, i, i - 1);
+			dev_warn(dev, "energy_model: hertz/watts ratio non-monotonically decreasing: em_perf_state %d >= em_perf_state%d\n",
+					i, i - 1);
 		prev_opp_eff = opp_eff;
 	}
 
-	/* Compute the cost of each capacity_state. */
+	/* Compute the cost of each performance_state. */
 	fmax = (u64) table[nr_states - 1].frequency;
 	for (i = 0; i < nr_states; i++) {
 		table[i].cost = div64_u64(fmax * table[i].power,
@@ -154,39 +223,135 @@ static struct em_perf_domain *em_create_pd(cpumask_t *span, int nr_states,
 	}
 
 	pd->table = table;
-	pd->nr_cap_states = nr_states;
-	cpumask_copy(to_cpumask(pd->cpus), span);
-
-	em_debug_create_pd(pd, cpu);
+	pd->nr_perf_states = nr_states;
 
-	return pd;
+	return 0;
 
 free_cs_table:
 	kfree(table);
-free_pd:
-	kfree(pd);
+	return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+static struct em_perf_domain *em_create_pd(struct device *dev, int nr_states,
+						struct em_data_callback *cb)
+{
+	struct em_perf_domain *pd;
+	int ret;
+
+	pd = kzalloc(sizeof(*pd), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!pd)
+		return NULL;
+
+	ret = em_create_perf_table(dev, pd, nr_states, cb);
+	if (ret) {
+		kfree(pd);
+		return NULL;
+	}
+
+	return pd;
+}
+
+static bool em_cpus_pd_exist(cpumask_t *span)
+{
+	struct em_device *em_dev;
+
+	/* The em_pd_mutex should be held already. */
+	if (list_empty(&em_pd_dev_list))
+		return 0;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(em_dev, &em_pd_dev_list, em_dev_list) {
+		if (!_is_cpu_em(em_dev->em_pd))
+			continue;
+
+		if (cpumask_equal(span, em_span_cpus(em_dev->em_pd)))
+			return 1;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void em_destroy_pd(struct em_perf_domain *em_pd)
+{
+	kfree(em_pd->table);
+	kfree(em_pd);
+}
+
+/**
+ * em_get_pd() - Return the performance domain for a device
+ * @dev : Device to find the performance domain for
+ *
+ * Returns the performance domain to which 'dev' belongs, or NULL if it doesn't
+ * exist.
+ */
+struct em_perf_domain *em_get_pd(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct em_device *em_dev;
 
+	if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(dev))
+		return NULL;
+
+	if (_is_cpu_device(dev))
+		return em_cpu_get(dev->id);
+
+	mutex_lock(&em_pd_mutex);
+
+	if (list_empty(&em_pd_dev_list))
+		goto unlock;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(em_dev, &em_pd_dev_list, em_dev_list) {
+		if (em_dev->dev == dev) {
+			mutex_unlock(&em_pd_mutex);
+			return em_dev->em_pd;
+		}
+	}
+
+unlock:
+	mutex_unlock(&em_pd_mutex);
 	return NULL;
 }
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(em_get_pd);
 
 /**
  * em_cpu_get() - Return the performance domain for a CPU
  * @cpu : CPU to find the performance domain for
  *
- * Return: the performance domain to which 'cpu' belongs, or NULL if it doesn't
+ * Returns the performance domain to which 'cpu' belongs, or NULL if it doesn't
  * exist.
  */
 struct em_perf_domain *em_cpu_get(int cpu)
 {
-	return READ_ONCE(per_cpu(em_data, cpu));
+	struct em_device *em_dev;
+
+	mutex_lock(&em_pd_mutex);
+
+	if (list_empty(&em_pd_dev_list))
+		goto unlock;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(em_dev, &em_pd_dev_list, em_dev_list) {
+		if (!_is_cpu_em(em_dev->em_pd))
+			continue;
+
+		if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, em_span_cpus(em_dev->em_pd))) {
+			mutex_unlock(&em_pd_mutex);
+			return em_dev->em_pd;
+		}
+	}
+
+unlock:
+	mutex_unlock(&em_pd_mutex);
+	return NULL;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(em_cpu_get);
 
 /**
- * em_register_perf_domain() - Register the Energy Model of a performance domain
- * @span	: Mask of CPUs in the performance domain
- * @nr_states	: Number of capacity states to register
+ * em_register_perf_domain() - Register the Energy Model (EM) of a performance
+ *		domain for the device
+ * @dev		: Device for which the EM is to register
+ * @nr_states	: Number of performance states to register
  * @cb		: Callback functions providing the data of the Energy Model
+ * @cpus	: Pointer to cpumask_t, which in case of a CPU device is
+ *		obligatory. It can be taken from i.e. 'policy->cpus'. For other
+ *		type of devices this should be set to NULL.
  *
  * Create Energy Model tables for a performance domain using the callbacks
  * defined in cb.
@@ -196,63 +361,129 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(em_cpu_get);
  *
  * Return 0 on success
  */
-int em_register_perf_domain(cpumask_t *span, unsigned int nr_states,
-						struct em_data_callback *cb)
+int em_register_perf_domain(struct device *dev, unsigned int nr_states,
+			struct em_data_callback *cb, cpumask_t *cpus)
 {
 	unsigned long cap, prev_cap = 0;
 	struct em_perf_domain *pd;
-	int cpu, ret = 0;
+	struct em_device *em_dev;
+	cpumask_t *span = NULL;
+	int cpu, ret;
 
-	if (!span || !nr_states || !cb)
+	if (!dev || !nr_states || !cb || !cb->active_power)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-	/*
-	 * Use a mutex to serialize the registration of performance domains and
-	 * let the driver-defined callback functions sleep.
-	 */
 	mutex_lock(&em_pd_mutex);
 
-	for_each_cpu(cpu, span) {
-		/* Make sure we don't register again an existing domain. */
-		if (READ_ONCE(per_cpu(em_data, cpu))) {
-			ret = -EEXIST;
-			goto unlock;
+	if (_is_cpu_device(dev)) {
+		if (!cpus) {
+			mutex_unlock(&em_pd_mutex);
+			dev_err(dev, "energy_model: invalid CPU mask\n");
+			return -EINVAL;
 		}
 
-		/*
-		 * All CPUs of a domain must have the same micro-architecture
-		 * since they all share the same table.
-		 */
-		cap = arch_scale_cpu_capacity(cpu);
-		if (prev_cap && prev_cap != cap) {
-			pr_err("CPUs of %*pbl must have the same capacity\n",
-							cpumask_pr_args(span));
-			ret = -EINVAL;
-			goto unlock;
+		/* Make sure we don't register domain for existing CPUs */
+		if (em_cpus_pd_exist(cpus)) {
+			mutex_unlock(&em_pd_mutex);
+			return -EEXIST;
+		}
+
+		span = kzalloc(cpumask_size(), GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!span) {
+			mutex_unlock(&em_pd_mutex);
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		}
+
+		cpumask_copy(span, cpus);
+
+		for_each_cpu(cpu, span) {
+			/*
+			 * All CPUs of a domain must have the same
+			 * micro-architecture since they all share the same
+			 * table.
+			 */
+			cap = arch_scale_cpu_capacity(cpu);
+			if (prev_cap && prev_cap != cap) {
+				pr_err("CPUs of %*pbl must have the same capacity\n",
+					cpumask_pr_args(span));
+				ret = -EINVAL;
+				goto free_cpumask;
+			}
+			prev_cap = cap;
 		}
-		prev_cap = cap;
 	}
 
-	/* Create the performance domain and add it to the Energy Model. */
-	pd = em_create_pd(span, nr_states, cb);
+	pd = em_create_pd(dev, nr_states, cb);
 	if (!pd) {
 		ret = -EINVAL;
-		goto unlock;
+		goto free_cpumask;
 	}
 
-	for_each_cpu(cpu, span) {
-		/*
-		 * The per-cpu array can be read concurrently from em_cpu_get().
-		 * The barrier enforces the ordering needed to make sure readers
-		 * can only access well formed em_perf_domain structs.
-		 */
-		smp_store_release(per_cpu_ptr(&em_data, cpu), pd);
+	if (_is_cpu_device(dev))
+		pd->priv = span;
+
+	em_dev = kzalloc(sizeof(struct em_device), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!em_dev) {
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto free_pd;
 	}
 
-	pr_debug("Created perf domain %*pbl\n", cpumask_pr_args(span));
-unlock:
+	em_dev->id = ida_simple_get(&em_dev_ida, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (em_dev->id < 0) {
+		ret = em_dev->id;
+		goto free_em_dev;
+	}
+
+	em_dev->em_pd = pd;
+	em_dev->dev = dev;
+
+	list_add(&em_dev->em_dev_list, &em_pd_dev_list);
+
+	em_debug_create_pd(em_dev);
+	pr_debug("Created perf domain pd%d\n", em_dev->id);
+
 	mutex_unlock(&em_pd_mutex);
+	return 0;
+
+free_em_dev:
+	kfree(em_dev);
+free_pd:
+	kfree(pd);
+free_cpumask:
+	kfree(span);
 
+	mutex_unlock(&em_pd_mutex);
 	return ret;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(em_register_perf_domain);
+
+void em_unregister_perf_domain(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct em_device *em_dev, *tmp;
+
+	if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(dev))
+		return;
+
+	/* We don't support freeing CPU structures in hotplug */
+	if (_is_cpu_device(dev))
+		return;
+
+	mutex_lock(&em_pd_mutex);
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(em_dev, tmp, &em_pd_dev_list, em_dev_list) {
+		if (em_dev->dev != dev)
+			continue;
+
+		list_del(&em_dev->em_dev_list);
+
+		em_debug_remove_pd(em_dev);
+
+		ida_simple_remove(&em_dev_ida, em_dev->id);
+
+		em_destroy_pd(em_dev->em_pd);
+		kfree(em_dev);
+	}
+
+	mutex_unlock(&em_pd_mutex);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(em_unregister_perf_domain);
diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index 0844e81964e5..b98211d44cc7 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -2441,7 +2441,7 @@ unsigned long scale_irq_capacity(unsigned long util, unsigned long irq, unsigned
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_ENERGY_MODEL) && defined(CONFIG_CPU_FREQ_GOV_SCHEDUTIL)
 
-#define perf_domain_span(pd) (to_cpumask(((pd)->em_pd->cpus)))
+#define perf_domain_span(pd) ((struct cpumask *)(pd)->em_pd->priv)
 
 DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(sched_energy_present);
 
diff --git a/kernel/sched/topology.c b/kernel/sched/topology.c
index dfb64c08a407..adc47222e23c 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/topology.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/topology.c
@@ -285,7 +285,7 @@ static void perf_domain_debug(const struct cpumask *cpu_map,
 		printk(KERN_CONT " pd%d:{ cpus=%*pbl nr_cstate=%d }",
 				cpumask_first(perf_domain_span(pd)),
 				cpumask_pr_args(perf_domain_span(pd)),
-				em_pd_nr_cap_states(pd->em_pd));
+				em_pd_nr_perf_states(pd->em_pd));
 		pd = pd->next;
 	}
 
@@ -390,7 +390,7 @@ static bool build_perf_domains(const struct cpumask *cpu_map)
 		 * complexity check.
 		 */
 		nr_pd++;
-		nr_cs += em_pd_nr_cap_states(pd->em_pd);
+		nr_cs += em_pd_nr_perf_states(pd->em_pd);
 	}
 
 	/* Bail out if the Energy Model complexity is too high. */
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2 2/4] OPP: change parameter to device pointer in dev_pm_opp_of_register_em()
  2020-02-06 13:46 [PATCH v2 0/4] Add support for devices in the Energy Model lukasz.luba
  2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 1/4] PM / EM: add devices to " lukasz.luba
@ 2020-02-06 13:46 ` lukasz.luba
  2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 3/4] thermal: devfreq_cooling: Refactor code and switch to use Energy Model lukasz.luba
  2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 4/4] drm/panfrost: Register to the Energy Model with devfreq device lukasz.luba
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: lukasz.luba @ 2020-02-06 13:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-pm, linux-arm-kernel, dri-devel, linux-omap,
	linux-mediatek, linux-arm-msm, linux-imx
  Cc: Morten.Rasmussen, Dietmar.Eggemann, Chris.Redpath,
	ionela.voinescu, javi.merino, cw00.choi, b.zolnierkie, rjw,
	sudeep.holla, viresh.kumar, nm, sboyd, rui.zhang, amit.kucheria,
	daniel.lezcano, mingo, peterz, juri.lelli, vincent.guittot,
	rostedt, qperret, bsegall, mgorman, shawnguo, s.hauer, festevam,
	kernel, khilman, agross, bjorn.andersson, robh, matthias.bgg,
	steven.price, tomeu.vizoso, alyssa.rosenzweig, airlied, daniel,
	liviu.dudau, lorenzo.pieralisi, lukasz.luba, patrick.bellasi

From: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>

Drop the CPU specific interface with cpumask and switch to struct device.
The Energy Model framework supports both: CPUs and devfreq devices. The new
interface provides easy way to create a Energy Model (EM), which then might
be used in i.e. thermal subsystem.

Signed-off-by: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>
---
 drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq-dt.c           |  2 +-
 drivers/cpufreq/imx6q-cpufreq.c        |  2 +-
 drivers/cpufreq/mediatek-cpufreq.c     |  2 +-
 drivers/cpufreq/omap-cpufreq.c         |  2 +-
 drivers/cpufreq/qcom-cpufreq-hw.c      |  2 +-
 drivers/cpufreq/scpi-cpufreq.c         |  2 +-
 drivers/cpufreq/vexpress-spc-cpufreq.c |  2 +-
 drivers/opp/of.c                       | 40 ++++++++++++++------------
 include/linux/pm_opp.h                 | 14 +++++++--
 9 files changed, 40 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq-dt.c b/drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq-dt.c
index d2b5f062a07b..bb5d43f8b775 100644
--- a/drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq-dt.c
+++ b/drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq-dt.c
@@ -275,7 +275,7 @@ static int cpufreq_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
 	policy->cpuinfo.transition_latency = transition_latency;
 	policy->dvfs_possible_from_any_cpu = true;
 
-	dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(policy->cpus);
+	dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(cpu_dev, policy->cpus);
 
 	return 0;
 
diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/imx6q-cpufreq.c b/drivers/cpufreq/imx6q-cpufreq.c
index 648a09a1778a..1991b60bbb5b 100644
--- a/drivers/cpufreq/imx6q-cpufreq.c
+++ b/drivers/cpufreq/imx6q-cpufreq.c
@@ -193,7 +193,7 @@ static int imx6q_cpufreq_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
 	policy->clk = clks[ARM].clk;
 	cpufreq_generic_init(policy, freq_table, transition_latency);
 	policy->suspend_freq = max_freq;
-	dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(policy->cpus);
+	dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(cpu_dev, policy->cpus);
 
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/mediatek-cpufreq.c b/drivers/cpufreq/mediatek-cpufreq.c
index 0c98dd08273d..7d1212c9b7c8 100644
--- a/drivers/cpufreq/mediatek-cpufreq.c
+++ b/drivers/cpufreq/mediatek-cpufreq.c
@@ -448,7 +448,7 @@ static int mtk_cpufreq_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
 	policy->driver_data = info;
 	policy->clk = info->cpu_clk;
 
-	dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(policy->cpus);
+	dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(info->cpu_dev, policy->cpus);
 
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/omap-cpufreq.c b/drivers/cpufreq/omap-cpufreq.c
index 8d14b42a8c6f..3694bb030df3 100644
--- a/drivers/cpufreq/omap-cpufreq.c
+++ b/drivers/cpufreq/omap-cpufreq.c
@@ -131,7 +131,7 @@ static int omap_cpu_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
 
 	/* FIXME: what's the actual transition time? */
 	cpufreq_generic_init(policy, freq_table, 300 * 1000);
-	dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(policy->cpus);
+	dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(mpu_dev, policy->cpus);
 
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/qcom-cpufreq-hw.c b/drivers/cpufreq/qcom-cpufreq-hw.c
index fc92a8842e25..0a04b6f03b9a 100644
--- a/drivers/cpufreq/qcom-cpufreq-hw.c
+++ b/drivers/cpufreq/qcom-cpufreq-hw.c
@@ -238,7 +238,7 @@ static int qcom_cpufreq_hw_cpu_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
 		goto error;
 	}
 
-	dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(policy->cpus);
+	dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(cpu_dev, policy->cpus);
 
 	policy->fast_switch_possible = true;
 
diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/scpi-cpufreq.c b/drivers/cpufreq/scpi-cpufreq.c
index 20d1f85d5f5a..b0f5388b8854 100644
--- a/drivers/cpufreq/scpi-cpufreq.c
+++ b/drivers/cpufreq/scpi-cpufreq.c
@@ -167,7 +167,7 @@ static int scpi_cpufreq_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
 
 	policy->fast_switch_possible = false;
 
-	dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(policy->cpus);
+	dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(cpu_dev, policy->cpus);
 
 	return 0;
 
diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/vexpress-spc-cpufreq.c b/drivers/cpufreq/vexpress-spc-cpufreq.c
index 83c85d3d67e3..4e8b1dee7c9a 100644
--- a/drivers/cpufreq/vexpress-spc-cpufreq.c
+++ b/drivers/cpufreq/vexpress-spc-cpufreq.c
@@ -450,7 +450,7 @@ static int ve_spc_cpufreq_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
 	policy->freq_table = freq_table[cur_cluster];
 	policy->cpuinfo.transition_latency = 1000000; /* 1 ms */
 
-	dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(policy->cpus);
+	dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(cpu_dev, policy->cpus);
 
 	if (is_bL_switching_enabled())
 		per_cpu(cpu_last_req_freq, policy->cpu) =
diff --git a/drivers/opp/of.c b/drivers/opp/of.c
index 0efd6cf6d023..5eb43453b0ee 100644
--- a/drivers/opp/of.c
+++ b/drivers/opp/of.c
@@ -1036,18 +1036,18 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dev_pm_opp_get_of_node);
 
 /*
  * Callback function provided to the Energy Model framework upon registration.
- * This computes the power estimated by @CPU at @kHz if it is the frequency
+ * This computes the power estimated by @dev at @kHz if it is the frequency
  * of an existing OPP, or at the frequency of the first OPP above @kHz otherwise
  * (see dev_pm_opp_find_freq_ceil()). This function updates @kHz to the ceiled
  * frequency and @mW to the associated power. The power is estimated as
- * P = C * V^2 * f with C being the CPU's capacitance and V and f respectively
- * the voltage and frequency of the OPP.
+ * P = C * V^2 * f with C being the device's capacitance and V and f
+ * respectively the voltage and frequency of the OPP.
  *
- * Returns -ENODEV if the CPU device cannot be found, -EINVAL if the power
- * calculation failed because of missing parameters, 0 otherwise.
+ * Returns -EINVAL if the power calculation failed because of missing
+ * parameters, 0 otherwise.
  */
-static int __maybe_unused _get_cpu_power(unsigned long *mW, unsigned long *kHz,
-					 struct device *cpu_dev)
+static int __maybe_unused _get_power(unsigned long *mW, unsigned long *kHz,
+				     struct device *dev)
 {
 	struct dev_pm_opp *opp;
 	struct device_node *np;
@@ -1056,7 +1056,7 @@ static int __maybe_unused _get_cpu_power(unsigned long *mW, unsigned long *kHz,
 	u64 tmp;
 	int ret;
 
-	np = of_node_get(cpu_dev->of_node);
+	np = of_node_get(dev->of_node);
 	if (!np)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
@@ -1066,7 +1066,7 @@ static int __maybe_unused _get_cpu_power(unsigned long *mW, unsigned long *kHz,
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 	Hz = *kHz * 1000;
-	opp = dev_pm_opp_find_freq_ceil(cpu_dev, &Hz);
+	opp = dev_pm_opp_find_freq_ceil(dev, &Hz);
 	if (IS_ERR(opp))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
@@ -1086,28 +1086,30 @@ static int __maybe_unused _get_cpu_power(unsigned long *mW, unsigned long *kHz,
 
 /**
  * dev_pm_opp_of_register_em() - Attempt to register an Energy Model
- * @cpus	: CPUs for which an Energy Model has to be registered
+ * @dev		: Device for which an Energy Model has to be registered
+ * @cpus	: CPUs for which an Energy Model has to be registered. For
+ *		other type of devices it should be set to NULL.
  *
  * This checks whether the "dynamic-power-coefficient" devicetree property has
  * been specified, and tries to register an Energy Model with it if it has.
+ * Having this property means the voltages are known for OPPs and the EM
+ * might be calculated.
  */
-void dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(struct cpumask *cpus)
+void dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(struct device *dev, struct cpumask *cpus)
 {
-	struct em_data_callback em_cb = EM_DATA_CB(_get_cpu_power);
-	int ret, nr_opp, cpu = cpumask_first(cpus);
-	struct device *cpu_dev;
+	struct em_data_callback em_cb = EM_DATA_CB(_get_power);
 	struct device_node *np;
+	int ret, nr_opp;
 	u32 cap;
 
-	cpu_dev = get_cpu_device(cpu);
-	if (!cpu_dev)
+	if (!dev)
 		return;
 
-	nr_opp = dev_pm_opp_get_opp_count(cpu_dev);
+	nr_opp = dev_pm_opp_get_opp_count(dev);
 	if (nr_opp <= 0)
 		return;
 
-	np = of_node_get(cpu_dev->of_node);
+	np = of_node_get(dev->of_node);
 	if (!np)
 		return;
 
@@ -1123,6 +1125,6 @@ void dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(struct cpumask *cpus)
 	if (ret || !cap)
 		return;
 
-	em_register_perf_domain(cpu_dev, nr_opp, &em_cb, cpus);
+	em_register_perf_domain(dev, nr_opp, &em_cb, cpus);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dev_pm_opp_of_register_em);
diff --git a/include/linux/pm_opp.h b/include/linux/pm_opp.h
index 747861816f4f..65099de79d0c 100644
--- a/include/linux/pm_opp.h
+++ b/include/linux/pm_opp.h
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
 #ifndef __LINUX_OPP_H__
 #define __LINUX_OPP_H__
 
+#include <linux/energy_model.h>
 #include <linux/err.h>
 #include <linux/notifier.h>
 
@@ -360,7 +361,11 @@ int dev_pm_opp_of_get_sharing_cpus(struct device *cpu_dev, struct cpumask *cpuma
 struct device_node *dev_pm_opp_of_get_opp_desc_node(struct device *dev);
 struct device_node *dev_pm_opp_get_of_node(struct dev_pm_opp *opp);
 int of_get_required_opp_performance_state(struct device_node *np, int index);
-void dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(struct cpumask *cpus);
+void dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(struct device *dev, struct cpumask *cpus);
+static inline void dev_pm_opp_of_unregister_em(struct device *dev)
+{
+	em_unregister_perf_domain(dev);
+}
 #else
 static inline int dev_pm_opp_of_add_table(struct device *dev)
 {
@@ -400,7 +405,12 @@ static inline struct device_node *dev_pm_opp_get_of_node(struct dev_pm_opp *opp)
 	return NULL;
 }
 
-static inline void dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(struct cpumask *cpus)
+static inline void dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(struct device *dev,
+					     struct cpumask *cpus)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void dev_pm_opp_of_unregister_em(struct device *dev)
 {
 }
 
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2 3/4] thermal: devfreq_cooling: Refactor code and switch to use Energy Model
  2020-02-06 13:46 [PATCH v2 0/4] Add support for devices in the Energy Model lukasz.luba
  2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 1/4] PM / EM: add devices to " lukasz.luba
  2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 2/4] OPP: change parameter to device pointer in dev_pm_opp_of_register_em() lukasz.luba
@ 2020-02-06 13:46 ` lukasz.luba
  2020-02-08  9:51   ` kbuild test robot
  2020-02-08 10:39   ` kbuild test robot
  2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 4/4] drm/panfrost: Register to the Energy Model with devfreq device lukasz.luba
  3 siblings, 2 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: lukasz.luba @ 2020-02-06 13:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-pm, linux-arm-kernel, dri-devel, linux-omap,
	linux-mediatek, linux-arm-msm, linux-imx
  Cc: Morten.Rasmussen, Dietmar.Eggemann, Chris.Redpath,
	ionela.voinescu, javi.merino, cw00.choi, b.zolnierkie, rjw,
	sudeep.holla, viresh.kumar, nm, sboyd, rui.zhang, amit.kucheria,
	daniel.lezcano, mingo, peterz, juri.lelli, vincent.guittot,
	rostedt, qperret, bsegall, mgorman, shawnguo, s.hauer, festevam,
	kernel, khilman, agross, bjorn.andersson, robh, matthias.bgg,
	steven.price, tomeu.vizoso, alyssa.rosenzweig, airlied, daniel,
	liviu.dudau, lorenzo.pieralisi, lukasz.luba, patrick.bellasi

From: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>

The overhauled Energy Model (EM) framework support also devfreq devices.
The unified API interface of the EM can be used in the thermal subsystem to
not duplicate code. The power table now is taken from EM structure and
there is no need to maintain calculation for it locally. In case when the
EM is not provided by the device a simple interface for cooling device is
used.

There is also an improvement in code related to enabling/disabling OPPs,
which prevents from race condition with devfreq governors.

Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org> # for tracing code
Signed-off-by: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>
---
 drivers/thermal/devfreq_cooling.c | 427 ++++++++++++++----------------
 include/linux/devfreq_cooling.h   |  17 --
 include/trace/events/thermal.h    |  19 +-
 3 files changed, 202 insertions(+), 261 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/thermal/devfreq_cooling.c b/drivers/thermal/devfreq_cooling.c
index a87d4fa031c8..1b9f61b6532d 100644
--- a/drivers/thermal/devfreq_cooling.c
+++ b/drivers/thermal/devfreq_cooling.c
@@ -1,17 +1,9 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
 /*
  * devfreq_cooling: Thermal cooling device implementation for devices using
  *                  devfreq
  *
- * Copyright (C) 2014-2015 ARM Limited
- *
- * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
- * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
- * published by the Free Software Foundation.
- *
- * This program is distributed "as is" WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY of any
- * kind, whether express or implied; without even the implied warranty
- * of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
- * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ * Copyright (C) 2014-2020 ARM Limited
  *
  * TODO:
  *    - If OPPs are added or removed after devfreq cooling has
@@ -20,6 +12,7 @@
 
 #include <linux/devfreq.h>
 #include <linux/devfreq_cooling.h>
+#include <linux/energy_model.h>
 #include <linux/export.h>
 #include <linux/idr.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
@@ -39,37 +32,56 @@ static DEFINE_IDA(devfreq_ida);
  * @cdev:	Pointer to associated thermal cooling device.
  * @devfreq:	Pointer to associated devfreq device.
  * @cooling_state:	Current cooling state.
- * @power_table:	Pointer to table with maximum power draw for each
- *			cooling state. State is the index into the table, and
- *			the power is in mW.
- * @freq_table:	Pointer to a table with the frequencies sorted in descending
- *		order.  You can index the table by cooling device state
- * @freq_table_size:	Size of the @freq_table and @power_table
- * @power_ops:	Pointer to devfreq_cooling_power, used to generate the
- *		@power_table.
+ * @freq_table:        Pointer to a table with the frequencies.
+ * @max_level:	It is the last index, that is, one less than the number of the
+ *		OPPs
+ * @power_ops:	Pointer to devfreq_cooling_power, a more precised model.
  * @res_util:	Resource utilization scaling factor for the power.
  *		It is multiplied by 100 to minimize the error. It is used
  *		for estimation of the power budget instead of using
  *		'utilization' (which is	'busy_time / 'total_time').
- *		The 'res_util' range is from 100 to (power_table[state] * 100)
- *		for the corresponding 'state'.
- * @capped_state:	index to cooling state with in dynamic power budget
+ *		The 'res_util' range is from 100 to power * 100	for the
+ *		corresponding 'state'.
+ * @em:		Energy Model which represents the associated Devfreq device
  */
 struct devfreq_cooling_device {
 	int id;
 	struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev;
 	struct devfreq *devfreq;
 	unsigned long cooling_state;
-	u32 *power_table;
 	u32 *freq_table;
-	size_t freq_table_size;
+	size_t max_level;
 	struct devfreq_cooling_power *power_ops;
 	u32 res_util;
-	int capped_state;
+	struct em_perf_domain *em;
 };
 
+static unsigned long _find_freq_for_state(struct devfreq_cooling_device *dfc,
+					  unsigned long cdev_state)
+{
+	unsigned long freq;
+
+	if (dfc->em) {
+		freq = dfc->em->table[dfc->max_level - cdev_state].frequency;
+		/* Energy Model frequencies are in kHz */
+		return freq * 1000;
+	} else {
+		return dfc->freq_table[cdev_state];
+	}
+}
+
+static void _update_devfreq_max_freq(struct devfreq *df, unsigned long max_freq)
+{
+	dev_dbg(df->dev.parent, "devfreq_cooling: max_freq=%luHz\n", max_freq);
+
+	mutex_lock(&df->lock);
+	df->scaling_max_freq = max_freq;
+	update_devfreq(df);
+	mutex_unlock(&df->lock);
+}
+
 /**
- * partition_enable_opps() - disable all opps above a given state
+ * partition_enable_opps() - disable all OPPs above a given state
  * @dfc:	Pointer to devfreq we are operating on
  * @cdev_state:	cooling device state we're setting
  *
@@ -79,16 +91,33 @@ struct devfreq_cooling_device {
 static int partition_enable_opps(struct devfreq_cooling_device *dfc,
 				 unsigned long cdev_state)
 {
-	int i;
 	struct device *dev = dfc->devfreq->dev.parent;
+	bool want_enable, available;
+	struct dev_pm_opp *opp;
+	unsigned long freq;
+	int i, ret;
 
-	for (i = 0; i < dfc->freq_table_size; i++) {
-		struct dev_pm_opp *opp;
-		int ret = 0;
-		unsigned int freq = dfc->freq_table[i];
-		bool want_enable = i >= cdev_state ? true : false;
+	/*
+	 * Avoid race with devfreq governors trying to use OPPs which are
+	 * going to be disabled. Update devfreq upfront when previous cooling
+	 * state had higher frequency or do it later in opposite case.
+	 */
+	freq = _find_freq_for_state(dfc, cdev_state);
+
+	if (dfc->cooling_state < cdev_state)
+		_update_devfreq_max_freq(dfc->devfreq, freq);
 
-		opp = dev_pm_opp_find_freq_exact(dev, freq, !want_enable);
+	dev_dbg(dev, "devfreq_cooling: updating OPPs\n");
+	for (i = 0; i <= dfc->max_level; i++) {
+		available = (i >= dfc->cooling_state);
+		want_enable = (i >= cdev_state);
+
+		if (available == want_enable)
+			continue;
+
+		freq = _find_freq_for_state(dfc, i);
+
+		opp = dev_pm_opp_find_freq_exact(dev, freq, available);
 
 		if (PTR_ERR(opp) == -ERANGE)
 			continue;
@@ -106,6 +135,9 @@ static int partition_enable_opps(struct devfreq_cooling_device *dfc,
 			return ret;
 	}
 
+	if (dfc->cooling_state > cdev_state)
+		_update_devfreq_max_freq(dfc->devfreq, freq);
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -114,7 +146,7 @@ static int devfreq_cooling_get_max_state(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
 {
 	struct devfreq_cooling_device *dfc = cdev->devdata;
 
-	*state = dfc->freq_table_size - 1;
+	*state = dfc->max_level;
 
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -142,7 +174,7 @@ static int devfreq_cooling_set_cur_state(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
 
 	dev_dbg(dev, "Setting cooling state %lu\n", state);
 
-	if (state >= dfc->freq_table_size)
+	if (state > dfc->max_level)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 	ret = partition_enable_opps(dfc, state);
@@ -155,20 +187,20 @@ static int devfreq_cooling_set_cur_state(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
 }
 
 /**
- * freq_get_state() - get the cooling state corresponding to a frequency
+ * freq_get_state() - get the performance index corresponding to a frequency
  * @dfc:	Pointer to devfreq cooling device
- * @freq:	frequency in Hz
+ * @freq:	frequency in kHz
  *
- * Return: the cooling state associated with the @freq, or
+ * Return: the performance index associated with the @freq, or
  * THERMAL_CSTATE_INVALID if it wasn't found.
  */
-static unsigned long
+static int
 freq_get_state(struct devfreq_cooling_device *dfc, unsigned long freq)
 {
 	int i;
 
-	for (i = 0; i < dfc->freq_table_size; i++) {
-		if (dfc->freq_table[i] == freq)
+	for (i = 0; i <= dfc->max_level; i++) {
+		if (dfc->em->table[i].frequency == freq)
 			return i;
 	}
 
@@ -203,132 +235,79 @@ static unsigned long get_voltage(struct devfreq *df, unsigned long freq)
 	return voltage;
 }
 
-/**
- * get_static_power() - calculate the static power
- * @dfc:	Pointer to devfreq cooling device
- * @freq:	Frequency in Hz
- *
- * Calculate the static power in milliwatts using the supplied
- * get_static_power().  The current voltage is calculated using the
- * OPP library.  If no get_static_power() was supplied, assume the
- * static power is negligible.
- */
-static unsigned long
-get_static_power(struct devfreq_cooling_device *dfc, unsigned long freq)
-{
-	struct devfreq *df = dfc->devfreq;
-	unsigned long voltage;
-
-	if (!dfc->power_ops->get_static_power)
-		return 0;
-
-	voltage = get_voltage(df, freq);
-
-	if (voltage == 0)
-		return 0;
-
-	return dfc->power_ops->get_static_power(df, voltage);
-}
-
-/**
- * get_dynamic_power - calculate the dynamic power
- * @dfc:	Pointer to devfreq cooling device
- * @freq:	Frequency in Hz
- * @voltage:	Voltage in millivolts
- *
- * Calculate the dynamic power in milliwatts consumed by the device at
- * frequency @freq and voltage @voltage.  If the get_dynamic_power()
- * was supplied as part of the devfreq_cooling_power struct, then that
- * function is used.  Otherwise, a simple power model (Pdyn = Coeff *
- * Voltage^2 * Frequency) is used.
- */
-static unsigned long
-get_dynamic_power(struct devfreq_cooling_device *dfc, unsigned long freq,
-		  unsigned long voltage)
+static void dfc_em_get_requested_power(struct em_perf_domain *em,
+				       struct devfreq_dev_status *status,
+				       u32 *power, int em_perf_idx)
 {
-	u64 power;
-	u32 freq_mhz;
-	struct devfreq_cooling_power *dfc_power = dfc->power_ops;
+	unsigned long total_time;
+	u64 current_power;
 
-	if (dfc_power->get_dynamic_power)
-		return dfc_power->get_dynamic_power(dfc->devfreq, freq,
-						    voltage);
+	total_time = status->total_time ?: 1;
 
-	freq_mhz = freq / 1000000;
-	power = (u64)dfc_power->dyn_power_coeff * freq_mhz * voltage * voltage;
-	do_div(power, 1000000000);
-
-	return power;
-}
+	current_power = em->table[em_perf_idx].power;
 
+	/* Scale power for utilization */
+	current_power *= status->busy_time;
+	current_power = do_div(current_power, total_time);
 
-static inline unsigned long get_total_power(struct devfreq_cooling_device *dfc,
-					    unsigned long freq,
-					    unsigned long voltage)
-{
-	return get_static_power(dfc, freq) + get_dynamic_power(dfc, freq,
-							       voltage);
+	*power = current_power;
 }
 
-
 static int devfreq_cooling_get_requested_power(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
 					       struct thermal_zone_device *tz,
 					       u32 *power)
 {
 	struct devfreq_cooling_device *dfc = cdev->devdata;
 	struct devfreq *df = dfc->devfreq;
-	struct devfreq_dev_status *status = &df->last_status;
-	unsigned long state;
-	unsigned long freq = status->current_frequency;
-	unsigned long voltage;
-	u32 dyn_power = 0;
-	u32 static_power = 0;
+	struct devfreq_dev_status status;
+	unsigned long voltage, freq;
+	int em_perf_idx;
 	int res;
 
-	state = freq_get_state(dfc, freq);
-	if (state == THERMAL_CSTATE_INVALID) {
-		res = -EAGAIN;
-		goto fail;
-	}
+	mutex_lock(&df->lock);
+	res = df->profile->get_dev_status(df->dev.parent, &status);
+	mutex_unlock(&df->lock);
+	if (res)
+		return res;
+
+	freq = status.current_frequency;
 
-	if (dfc->power_ops->get_real_power) {
+	/* Energy Model frequencies are in kHz */
+	em_perf_idx = freq_get_state(dfc, freq / 1000);
+	if (em_perf_idx == THERMAL_CSTATE_INVALID)
+		return -EAGAIN;
+
+	/*
+	 * If a more sophisticated cooling device model was not provided by the
+	 * driver, use simple Energy Model power calculation.
+	 */
+	if (!dfc->power_ops || !dfc->power_ops->get_real_power) {
+		dfc_em_get_requested_power(dfc->em, &status, power,
+					   em_perf_idx);
+	} else {
 		voltage = get_voltage(df, freq);
 		if (voltage == 0) {
-			res = -EINVAL;
-			goto fail;
+			dfc->res_util = SCALE_ERROR_MITIGATION;
+			return -EINVAL;
 		}
 
 		res = dfc->power_ops->get_real_power(df, power, freq, voltage);
 		if (!res) {
-			state = dfc->capped_state;
-			dfc->res_util = dfc->power_table[state];
+			dfc->res_util = dfc->em->table[em_perf_idx].power;
 			dfc->res_util *= SCALE_ERROR_MITIGATION;
 
 			if (*power > 1)
 				dfc->res_util /= *power;
 		} else {
-			goto fail;
+			/* It is safe to set max in this case */
+			dfc->res_util = SCALE_ERROR_MITIGATION;
+			return res;
 		}
-	} else {
-		dyn_power = dfc->power_table[state];
-
-		/* Scale dynamic power for utilization */
-		dyn_power *= status->busy_time;
-		dyn_power /= status->total_time;
-		/* Get static power */
-		static_power = get_static_power(dfc, freq);
-
-		*power = dyn_power + static_power;
 	}
 
-	trace_thermal_power_devfreq_get_power(cdev, status, freq, dyn_power,
-					      static_power, *power);
+	trace_thermal_power_devfreq_get_power(cdev, &status, freq, *power);
 
 	return 0;
-fail:
-	/* It is safe to set max in this case */
-	dfc->res_util = SCALE_ERROR_MITIGATION;
-	return res;
 }
 
 static int devfreq_cooling_state2power(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
@@ -337,16 +316,14 @@ static int devfreq_cooling_state2power(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
 				       u32 *power)
 {
 	struct devfreq_cooling_device *dfc = cdev->devdata;
-	unsigned long freq;
-	u32 static_power;
+	int idx;
 
-	if (state >= dfc->freq_table_size)
+	if (state > dfc->max_level)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-	freq = dfc->freq_table[state];
-	static_power = get_static_power(dfc, freq);
+	idx = dfc->max_level - state;
+	*power = dfc->em->table[idx].power;
 
-	*power = dfc->power_table[state] + static_power;
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -359,36 +336,34 @@ static int devfreq_cooling_power2state(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
 	struct devfreq_dev_status *status = &df->last_status;
 	unsigned long freq = status->current_frequency;
 	unsigned long busy_time;
-	s32 dyn_power;
-	u32 static_power;
-	s32 est_power;
+	u64 est_power;
 	int i;
 
-	if (dfc->power_ops->get_real_power) {
-		/* Scale for resource utilization */
-		est_power = power * dfc->res_util;
-		est_power /= SCALE_ERROR_MITIGATION;
-	} else {
-		static_power = get_static_power(dfc, freq);
-
-		dyn_power = power - static_power;
-		dyn_power = dyn_power > 0 ? dyn_power : 0;
-
-		/* Scale dynamic power for utilization */
+	/*
+	 * Scale for resource utilization. Use simple Energy Model power
+	 * calculation if a more sophisticated cooling device model does
+	 * not exist.
+	 */
+	if (!dfc->power_ops || !dfc->power_ops->get_real_power) {
 		busy_time = status->busy_time ?: 1;
-		est_power = (dyn_power * status->total_time) / busy_time;
+
+		est_power = power * status->total_time;
+		est_power = do_div(est_power, busy_time);
+	} else {
+		est_power = power * dfc->res_util;
+		est_power = do_div(est_power, SCALE_ERROR_MITIGATION);
 	}
 
 	/*
 	 * Find the first cooling state that is within the power
-	 * budget for dynamic power.
+	 * budget. The EM power table is sorted ascending.
 	 */
-	for (i = 0; i < dfc->freq_table_size - 1; i++)
-		if (est_power >= dfc->power_table[i])
+	for (i = dfc->max_level; i > 0; i--)
+		if (est_power >= dfc->em->table[i].power)
 			break;
 
-	*state = i;
-	dfc->capped_state = i;
+	*state = dfc->max_level - i;
+
 	trace_thermal_power_devfreq_limit(cdev, freq, *state, power);
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -400,91 +375,43 @@ static struct thermal_cooling_device_ops devfreq_cooling_ops = {
 };
 
 /**
- * devfreq_cooling_gen_tables() - Generate power and freq tables.
- * @dfc: Pointer to devfreq cooling device.
- *
- * Generate power and frequency tables: the power table hold the
- * device's maximum power usage at each cooling state (OPP).  The
- * static and dynamic power using the appropriate voltage and
- * frequency for the state, is acquired from the struct
- * devfreq_cooling_power, and summed to make the maximum power draw.
- *
- * The frequency table holds the frequencies in descending order.
- * That way its indexed by cooling device state.
+ * devfreq_cooling_gen_tables() - Generate frequency table.
+ * @dfc:	Pointer to devfreq cooling device.
+ * @num_opps:	Number of OPPs
  *
- * The tables are malloced, and pointers put in dfc.  They must be
- * freed when unregistering the devfreq cooling device.
+ * Generate frequency table which holds the frequencies in descending
+ * order. That way its indexed by cooling device state. This is for
+ * compatibility with drivers which do not register Energy Model.
  *
  * Return: 0 on success, negative error code on failure.
  */
-static int devfreq_cooling_gen_tables(struct devfreq_cooling_device *dfc)
+static int devfreq_cooling_gen_tables(struct devfreq_cooling_device *dfc,
+				      int num_opps)
 {
 	struct devfreq *df = dfc->devfreq;
 	struct device *dev = df->dev.parent;
-	int ret, num_opps;
 	unsigned long freq;
-	u32 *power_table = NULL;
-	u32 *freq_table;
 	int i;
 
-	num_opps = dev_pm_opp_get_opp_count(dev);
-
-	if (dfc->power_ops) {
-		power_table = kcalloc(num_opps, sizeof(*power_table),
-				      GFP_KERNEL);
-		if (!power_table)
-			return -ENOMEM;
-	}
-
-	freq_table = kcalloc(num_opps, sizeof(*freq_table),
+	dfc->freq_table = kcalloc(num_opps, sizeof(*dfc->freq_table),
 			     GFP_KERNEL);
-	if (!freq_table) {
-		ret = -ENOMEM;
-		goto free_power_table;
-	}
+	if (!dfc->freq_table)
+		return -ENOMEM;
 
 	for (i = 0, freq = ULONG_MAX; i < num_opps; i++, freq--) {
-		unsigned long power, voltage;
 		struct dev_pm_opp *opp;
 
 		opp = dev_pm_opp_find_freq_floor(dev, &freq);
 		if (IS_ERR(opp)) {
-			ret = PTR_ERR(opp);
-			goto free_tables;
+			kfree(dfc->freq_table);
+			return PTR_ERR(opp);
 		}
 
-		voltage = dev_pm_opp_get_voltage(opp) / 1000; /* mV */
 		dev_pm_opp_put(opp);
-
-		if (dfc->power_ops) {
-			if (dfc->power_ops->get_real_power)
-				power = get_total_power(dfc, freq, voltage);
-			else
-				power = get_dynamic_power(dfc, freq, voltage);
-
-			dev_dbg(dev, "Power table: %lu MHz @ %lu mV: %lu = %lu mW\n",
-				freq / 1000000, voltage, power, power);
-
-			power_table[i] = power;
-		}
-
-		freq_table[i] = freq;
+		dfc->freq_table[i] = freq;
 	}
 
-	if (dfc->power_ops)
-		dfc->power_table = power_table;
-
-	dfc->freq_table = freq_table;
-	dfc->freq_table_size = num_opps;
-
 	return 0;
-
-free_tables:
-	kfree(freq_table);
-free_power_table:
-	kfree(power_table);
-
-	return ret;
 }
 
 /**
@@ -509,7 +436,7 @@ of_devfreq_cooling_register_power(struct device_node *np, struct devfreq *df,
 	struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev;
 	struct devfreq_cooling_device *dfc;
 	char dev_name[THERMAL_NAME_LENGTH];
-	int err;
+	int err, num_opps;
 
 	dfc = kzalloc(sizeof(*dfc), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!dfc)
@@ -517,22 +444,38 @@ of_devfreq_cooling_register_power(struct device_node *np, struct devfreq *df,
 
 	dfc->devfreq = df;
 
-	if (dfc_power) {
-		dfc->power_ops = dfc_power;
-
+	dfc->em = em_get_pd(df->dev.parent);
+	if (dfc->em) {
 		devfreq_cooling_ops.get_requested_power =
 			devfreq_cooling_get_requested_power;
 		devfreq_cooling_ops.state2power = devfreq_cooling_state2power;
 		devfreq_cooling_ops.power2state = devfreq_cooling_power2state;
+
+		dfc->power_ops = dfc_power;
+
+		num_opps = em_pd_nr_perf_states(dfc->em);
+	} else {
+		/* Backward compatibility for drivers which do not use IPA */
+		dev_dbg(df->dev.parent, "missing EM for cooling device\n");
+
+		num_opps = dev_pm_opp_get_opp_count(df->dev.parent);
+
+		err = devfreq_cooling_gen_tables(dfc, num_opps);
+		if (err)
+			goto free_dfc;
 	}
 
-	err = devfreq_cooling_gen_tables(dfc);
-	if (err)
+	if (num_opps <= 0) {
+		err = -EINVAL;
 		goto free_dfc;
+	}
+
+	/* max_level is an index, not a counter */
+	dfc->max_level = num_opps - 1;
 
 	err = ida_simple_get(&devfreq_ida, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (err < 0)
-		goto free_tables;
+		goto free_table;
 	dfc->id = err;
 
 	snprintf(dev_name, sizeof(dev_name), "thermal-devfreq-%d", dfc->id);
@@ -553,8 +496,7 @@ of_devfreq_cooling_register_power(struct device_node *np, struct devfreq *df,
 
 release_ida:
 	ida_simple_remove(&devfreq_ida, dfc->id);
-free_tables:
-	kfree(dfc->power_table);
+free_table:
 	kfree(dfc->freq_table);
 free_dfc:
 	kfree(dfc);
@@ -582,7 +524,24 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(of_devfreq_cooling_register);
  */
 struct thermal_cooling_device *devfreq_cooling_register(struct devfreq *df)
 {
-	return of_devfreq_cooling_register(NULL, df);
+	struct thermal_cooling_device *dfc;
+	struct device_node *np = NULL;
+	struct device *dev;
+
+	if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(df))
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	dev = df->dev.parent;
+
+	if (dev && dev->of_node)
+		np = of_node_get(dev->of_node);
+
+	dfc = of_devfreq_cooling_register(np, df);
+
+	if (np)
+		of_node_put(np);
+
+	return dfc;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(devfreq_cooling_register);
 
@@ -594,14 +553,14 @@ void devfreq_cooling_unregister(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev)
 {
 	struct devfreq_cooling_device *dfc;
 
-	if (!cdev)
+	if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(cdev))
 		return;
 
 	dfc = cdev->devdata;
 
 	thermal_cooling_device_unregister(dfc->cdev);
 	ida_simple_remove(&devfreq_ida, dfc->id);
-	kfree(dfc->power_table);
+
 	kfree(dfc->freq_table);
 
 	kfree(dfc);
diff --git a/include/linux/devfreq_cooling.h b/include/linux/devfreq_cooling.h
index 4635f95000a4..5e11bbc3ec58 100644
--- a/include/linux/devfreq_cooling.h
+++ b/include/linux/devfreq_cooling.h
@@ -23,17 +23,6 @@
 
 /**
  * struct devfreq_cooling_power - Devfreq cooling power ops
- * @get_static_power:	Take voltage, in mV, and return the static power
- *			in mW.  If NULL, the static power is assumed
- *			to be 0.
- * @get_dynamic_power:	Take voltage, in mV, and frequency, in HZ, and
- *			return the dynamic power draw in mW.  If NULL,
- *			a simple power model is used.
- * @dyn_power_coeff:	Coefficient for the simple dynamic power model in
- *			mW/(MHz mV mV).
- *			If get_dynamic_power() is NULL, then the
- *			dynamic power is calculated as
- *			@dyn_power_coeff * frequency * voltage^2
  * @get_real_power:	When this is set, the framework uses it to ask the
  *			device driver for the actual power.
  *			Some devices have more sophisticated methods
@@ -53,14 +42,8 @@
  *			max total (static + dynamic) power value for each OPP.
  */
 struct devfreq_cooling_power {
-	unsigned long (*get_static_power)(struct devfreq *devfreq,
-					  unsigned long voltage);
-	unsigned long (*get_dynamic_power)(struct devfreq *devfreq,
-					   unsigned long freq,
-					   unsigned long voltage);
 	int (*get_real_power)(struct devfreq *df, u32 *power,
 			      unsigned long freq, unsigned long voltage);
-	unsigned long dyn_power_coeff;
 };
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_DEVFREQ_THERMAL
diff --git a/include/trace/events/thermal.h b/include/trace/events/thermal.h
index 135e5421f003..8a5f04888abd 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/thermal.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/thermal.h
@@ -153,31 +153,30 @@ TRACE_EVENT(thermal_power_cpu_limit,
 TRACE_EVENT(thermal_power_devfreq_get_power,
 	TP_PROTO(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
 		 struct devfreq_dev_status *status, unsigned long freq,
-		u32 dynamic_power, u32 static_power, u32 power),
+		u32 power),
 
-	TP_ARGS(cdev, status,  freq, dynamic_power, static_power, power),
+	TP_ARGS(cdev, status,  freq, power),
 
 	TP_STRUCT__entry(
 		__string(type,         cdev->type    )
 		__field(unsigned long, freq          )
-		__field(u32,           load          )
-		__field(u32,           dynamic_power )
-		__field(u32,           static_power  )
+		__field(u32,           busy_time)
+		__field(u32,           total_time)
 		__field(u32,           power)
 	),
 
 	TP_fast_assign(
 		__assign_str(type, cdev->type);
 		__entry->freq = freq;
-		__entry->load = (100 * status->busy_time) / status->total_time;
-		__entry->dynamic_power = dynamic_power;
-		__entry->static_power = static_power;
+		__entry->busy_time = status->busy_time;
+		__entry->total_time = status->total_time;
 		__entry->power = power;
 	),
 
-	TP_printk("type=%s freq=%lu load=%u dynamic_power=%u static_power=%u power=%u",
+	TP_printk("type=%s freq=%lu load=%u power=%u",
 		__get_str(type), __entry->freq,
-		__entry->load, __entry->dynamic_power, __entry->static_power,
+		__entry->total_time == 0 ? 0 :
+			(100 * __entry->busy_time) / __entry->total_time,
 		__entry->power)
 );
 
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2 4/4] drm/panfrost: Register to the Energy Model with devfreq device
  2020-02-06 13:46 [PATCH v2 0/4] Add support for devices in the Energy Model lukasz.luba
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 3/4] thermal: devfreq_cooling: Refactor code and switch to use Energy Model lukasz.luba
@ 2020-02-06 13:46 ` lukasz.luba
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: lukasz.luba @ 2020-02-06 13:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-pm, linux-arm-kernel, dri-devel, linux-omap,
	linux-mediatek, linux-arm-msm, linux-imx
  Cc: Morten.Rasmussen, Dietmar.Eggemann, Chris.Redpath,
	ionela.voinescu, javi.merino, cw00.choi, b.zolnierkie, rjw,
	sudeep.holla, viresh.kumar, nm, sboyd, rui.zhang, amit.kucheria,
	daniel.lezcano, mingo, peterz, juri.lelli, vincent.guittot,
	rostedt, qperret, bsegall, mgorman, shawnguo, s.hauer, festevam,
	kernel, khilman, agross, bjorn.andersson, robh, matthias.bgg,
	steven.price, tomeu.vizoso, alyssa.rosenzweig, airlied, daniel,
	liviu.dudau, lorenzo.pieralisi, lukasz.luba, patrick.bellasi

From: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>

Add device to the Energy Model framework. It will create a dedicated
and unified data structures used i.e. in the thermal framework.
The power model used in dev_pm_opp subsystem is simplified and created
based on DT 'dynamic-power-coefficient', volatage and frequency. It is
similar to the CPU model used in Energy Aware Scheduler.

Signed-off-by: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>
---
 drivers/gpu/drm/panfrost/panfrost_devfreq.c | 3 +++
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/panfrost/panfrost_devfreq.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/panfrost/panfrost_devfreq.c
index 413987038fbf..d527a5113950 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/panfrost/panfrost_devfreq.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/panfrost/panfrost_devfreq.c
@@ -105,6 +105,8 @@ int panfrost_devfreq_init(struct panfrost_device *pfdev)
 	}
 	pfdev->devfreq.devfreq = devfreq;
 
+	dev_pm_opp_of_register_em(dev, NULL);
+
 	cooling = of_devfreq_cooling_register(dev->of_node, devfreq);
 	if (IS_ERR(cooling))
 		DRM_DEV_INFO(dev, "Failed to register cooling device\n");
@@ -118,6 +120,7 @@ void panfrost_devfreq_fini(struct panfrost_device *pfdev)
 {
 	if (pfdev->devfreq.cooling)
 		devfreq_cooling_unregister(pfdev->devfreq.cooling);
+	dev_pm_opp_of_unregister_em(&pfdev->pdev->dev);
 	dev_pm_opp_of_remove_table(&pfdev->pdev->dev);
 }
 
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2 1/4] PM / EM: add devices to Energy Model
  2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 1/4] PM / EM: add devices to " lukasz.luba
@ 2020-02-07 12:04   ` Quentin Perret
  2020-02-07 15:59     ` Lukasz Luba
  2020-02-13 10:59   ` Dietmar Eggemann
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 11+ messages in thread
From: Quentin Perret @ 2020-02-07 12:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: lukasz.luba
  Cc: linux-kernel, linux-pm, linux-arm-kernel, dri-devel, linux-omap,
	linux-mediatek, linux-arm-msm, linux-imx, Morten.Rasmussen,
	Dietmar.Eggemann, Chris.Redpath, ionela.voinescu, javi.merino,
	cw00.choi, b.zolnierkie, rjw, sudeep.holla, viresh.kumar, nm,
	sboyd, rui.zhang, amit.kucheria, daniel.lezcano, mingo, peterz,
	juri.lelli, vincent.guittot, rostedt, bsegall, mgorman, shawnguo,
	s.hauer, festevam, kernel, khilman, agross, bjorn.andersson,
	robh, matthias.bgg, steven.price, tomeu.vizoso,
	alyssa.rosenzweig, airlied, daniel, liviu.dudau,
	lorenzo.pieralisi, patrick.bellasi

On Thursday 06 Feb 2020 at 13:46:37 (+0000), lukasz.luba@arm.com wrote:
>  2. Core APIs
> @@ -70,14 +72,16 @@ CONFIG_ENERGY_MODEL must be enabled to use the EM framework.
>  Drivers are expected to register performance domains into the EM framework by
>  calling the following API::
>  
> -  int em_register_perf_domain(cpumask_t *span, unsigned int nr_states,
> -			      struct em_data_callback *cb);
> +  int em_register_perf_domain(struct device *dev, unsigned int nr_states,
> +		struct em_data_callback *cb, cpumask_t *cpus);
>  
> -Drivers must specify the CPUs of the performance domains using the cpumask
> +Drivers must specify the device pointer of the performance domains as first

I find this sentence a little odd no?

>  argument, and provide a callback function returning <frequency, power> tuples
> -for each capacity state. The callback function provided by the driver is free
> +for each performance state. The callback function provided by the driver is free
>  to fetch data from any relevant location (DT, firmware, ...), and by any mean
> -deemed necessary. See Section 3. for an example of driver implementing this
> +deemed necessary. For other devices than CPUs the last argumant must be set to

s/argumant/argument

> +NULL. Only for CPUfreq drivers it is obligatory to specify the cpumask.

Please note that as of today nothing mandates the caller to be a CPUFreq
driver -- it could be anything in theory. I'd say 'only for CPU devices'
instead.

<snip>
> @@ -24,51 +27,65 @@ struct em_cap_state {
>  
>  /**
>   * em_perf_domain - Performance domain
> - * @table:		List of capacity states, in ascending order
> - * @nr_cap_states:	Number of capacity states
> - * @cpus:		Cpumask covering the CPUs of the domain
> + * @table:		List of performance states, in ascending order
> + * @nr_perf_states:	Number of performance states
> + * @priv:		In case of EM for CPU device it is a Cpumask
> + *			covering the CPUs of the domain

Could you turn @priv back into 'unsigned long priv[0];' and keep the
allocation as it is today ? That is, append the cpumask to the struct.

This empty pointer for non-CPU devices is just wasted space, and pointer
chasing isn't good for your caches. Given that you pre-allocate the pd
in em_create_pd() you could just have a special case for CPUs there I
suppose. And _is_cpu_em() will have to check the bus like you did in v1.

>   *
> - * A "performance domain" represents a group of CPUs whose performance is
> - * scaled together. All CPUs of a performance domain must have the same
> - * micro-architecture. Performance domains often have a 1-to-1 mapping with
> - * CPUFreq policies.
> + * In case of CPU device, a "performance domain" represents a group of CPUs
> + * whose performance is scaled together. All CPUs of a performance domain
> + * must have the same micro-architecture. Performance domains often have
> + * a 1-to-1 mapping with CPUFreq policies.
> + * In case of other devices the 'priv' field is unused.
>   */
>  struct em_perf_domain {
> -	struct em_cap_state *table;
> -	int nr_cap_states;
> -	unsigned long cpus[0];
> +	struct em_perf_state *table;
> +	int nr_perf_states;
> +	void *priv;
>  };

<snip>
>  struct em_data_callback {
>  	/**
> -	 * active_power() - Provide power at the next capacity state of a CPU
> -	 * @power	: Active power at the capacity state in mW (modified)
> -	 * @freq	: Frequency at the capacity state in kHz (modified)
> -	 * @cpu		: CPU for which we do this operation
> +	 * active_power() - Provide power at the next performance state of a
> +	 *		    device
> +	 * @power	: Active power at the performance state in mW (modified)
> +	 * @freq	: Frequency at the performance state in kHz (modified)
> +	 * @dev		: Device for which we do this operation (can be a CPU)
>  	 *
> -	 * active_power() must find the lowest capacity state of 'cpu' above
> +	 * active_power() must find the lowest performance state of 'dev' above
>  	 * 'freq' and update 'power' and 'freq' to the matching active power
>  	 * and frequency.
>  	 *
> -	 * The power is the one of a single CPU in the domain, expressed in
> -	 * milli-watts. It is expected to fit in the [0, EM_CPU_MAX_POWER]
> -	 * range.
> +	 * In case of CPUs, the power is the one of a single CPU in the domain,
> +	 * expressed in milli-watts. It is expected to fit in the
> +	 * [0, EM_MAX_POWER] range.
>  	 *
>  	 * Return 0 on success.
>  	 */
> -	int (*active_power)(unsigned long *power, unsigned long *freq, int cpu);
> +	int (*active_power)(unsigned long *power, unsigned long *freq,
> +			    struct device *dev);

Given that you've made explicit in the doc of struct em_perf_state that
'power' can be a 'total' value (static + dynamic), this could be renamed
I suppose.

<snip>
>  /**
>   * em_cpu_get() - Return the performance domain for a CPU
>   * @cpu : CPU to find the performance domain for
>   *
> - * Return: the performance domain to which 'cpu' belongs, or NULL if it doesn't
> + * Returns the performance domain to which 'cpu' belongs, or NULL if it doesn't
>   * exist.
>   */
>  struct em_perf_domain *em_cpu_get(int cpu)
>  {
> -	return READ_ONCE(per_cpu(em_data, cpu));

Since CPU perf domains are guaranteed to never go away, it'd be safe to
keep that per-CPU variable and avoid the locking and list manipulation
below. No strong opinion, though.

> +	struct em_device *em_dev;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&em_pd_mutex);
> +
> +	if (list_empty(&em_pd_dev_list))
> +		goto unlock;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry(em_dev, &em_pd_dev_list, em_dev_list) {
> +		if (!_is_cpu_em(em_dev->em_pd))
> +			continue;
> +
> +		if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, em_span_cpus(em_dev->em_pd))) {
> +			mutex_unlock(&em_pd_mutex);
> +			return em_dev->em_pd;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +unlock:
> +	mutex_unlock(&em_pd_mutex);
> +	return NULL;
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(em_cpu_get);

<snip>
>  /**
> - * em_register_perf_domain() - Register the Energy Model of a performance domain
> - * @span	: Mask of CPUs in the performance domain
> - * @nr_states	: Number of capacity states to register
> + * em_register_perf_domain() - Register the Energy Model (EM) of a performance
> + *		domain for the device
> + * @dev		: Device for which the EM is to register
> + * @nr_states	: Number of performance states to register
>   * @cb		: Callback functions providing the data of the Energy Model
> + * @cpus	: Pointer to cpumask_t, which in case of a CPU device is
> + *		obligatory. It can be taken from i.e. 'policy->cpus'. For other

It should be policy->related_cpus actually (or 'real_cpus' even) -- PM_EM
ignores hotplug ATM. Perhaps we should document that somewhere ...

> + *		type of devices this should be set to NULL.
>   *
>   * Create Energy Model tables for a performance domain using the callbacks
>   * defined in cb.
> @@ -196,63 +361,129 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(em_cpu_get);

Thanks,
Quentin

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2 1/4] PM / EM: add devices to Energy Model
  2020-02-07 12:04   ` Quentin Perret
@ 2020-02-07 15:59     ` Lukasz Luba
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Lukasz Luba @ 2020-02-07 15:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Quentin Perret
  Cc: linux-kernel, linux-pm, linux-arm-kernel, dri-devel, linux-omap,
	linux-mediatek, linux-arm-msm, linux-imx, Morten.Rasmussen,
	Dietmar.Eggemann, Chris.Redpath, ionela.voinescu, javi.merino,
	cw00.choi, b.zolnierkie, rjw, sudeep.holla, viresh.kumar, nm,
	sboyd, rui.zhang, amit.kucheria, daniel.lezcano, mingo, peterz,
	juri.lelli, vincent.guittot, rostedt, bsegall, mgorman, shawnguo,
	s.hauer, festevam, kernel, khilman, agross, bjorn.andersson,
	robh, matthias.bgg, steven.price, tomeu.vizoso,
	alyssa.rosenzweig, airlied, daniel, liviu.dudau,
	lorenzo.pieralisi, patrick.bellasi

Hi Quentin,


Thank you for the review, please find my comments below.

On 2/7/20 12:04 PM, Quentin Perret wrote:
> On Thursday 06 Feb 2020 at 13:46:37 (+0000), lukasz.luba@arm.com wrote:
>>   2. Core APIs
>> @@ -70,14 +72,16 @@ CONFIG_ENERGY_MODEL must be enabled to use the EM framework.
>>   Drivers are expected to register performance domains into the EM framework by
>>   calling the following API::
>>   
>> -  int em_register_perf_domain(cpumask_t *span, unsigned int nr_states,
>> -			      struct em_data_callback *cb);
>> +  int em_register_perf_domain(struct device *dev, unsigned int nr_states,
>> +		struct em_data_callback *cb, cpumask_t *cpus);
>>   
>> -Drivers must specify the CPUs of the performance domains using the cpumask
>> +Drivers must specify the device pointer of the performance domains as first
> 
> I find this sentence a little odd no?

Agree, this needs to be redefined.

> 
>>   argument, and provide a callback function returning <frequency, power> tuples
>> -for each capacity state. The callback function provided by the driver is free
>> +for each performance state. The callback function provided by the driver is free
>>   to fetch data from any relevant location (DT, firmware, ...), and by any mean
>> -deemed necessary. See Section 3. for an example of driver implementing this
>> +deemed necessary. For other devices than CPUs the last argumant must be set to
> 
> s/argumant/argument

true

> 
>> +NULL. Only for CPUfreq drivers it is obligatory to specify the cpumask.
> 
> Please note that as of today nothing mandates the caller to be a CPUFreq
> driver -- it could be anything in theory. I'd say 'only for CPU devices'
> instead.

Good point, I will change it into 'only for CPU devices'.

> 
> <snip>
>> @@ -24,51 +27,65 @@ struct em_cap_state {
>>   
>>   /**
>>    * em_perf_domain - Performance domain
>> - * @table:		List of capacity states, in ascending order
>> - * @nr_cap_states:	Number of capacity states
>> - * @cpus:		Cpumask covering the CPUs of the domain
>> + * @table:		List of performance states, in ascending order
>> + * @nr_perf_states:	Number of performance states
>> + * @priv:		In case of EM for CPU device it is a Cpumask
>> + *			covering the CPUs of the domain
> 
> Could you turn @priv back into 'unsigned long priv[0];' and keep the
> allocation as it is today ? That is, append the cpumask to the struct.
> 
> This empty pointer for non-CPU devices is just wasted space, and pointer
> chasing isn't good for your caches. Given that you pre-allocate the pd
> in em_create_pd() you could just have a special case for CPUs there I
> suppose. And _is_cpu_em() will have to check the bus like you did in v1.

OK, I will change it to 'unsigned long priv[0];'. The argument of stall 
because of missing cpumask when we probably already missed for 'em_pd'
in the scheduler code, is good for me.

> 
>>    *
>> - * A "performance domain" represents a group of CPUs whose performance is
>> - * scaled together. All CPUs of a performance domain must have the same
>> - * micro-architecture. Performance domains often have a 1-to-1 mapping with
>> - * CPUFreq policies.
>> + * In case of CPU device, a "performance domain" represents a group of CPUs
>> + * whose performance is scaled together. All CPUs of a performance domain
>> + * must have the same micro-architecture. Performance domains often have
>> + * a 1-to-1 mapping with CPUFreq policies.
>> + * In case of other devices the 'priv' field is unused.
>>    */
>>   struct em_perf_domain {
>> -	struct em_cap_state *table;
>> -	int nr_cap_states;
>> -	unsigned long cpus[0];
>> +	struct em_perf_state *table;
>> +	int nr_perf_states;
>> +	void *priv;
>>   };
> 
> <snip>
>>   struct em_data_callback {
>>   	/**
>> -	 * active_power() - Provide power at the next capacity state of a CPU
>> -	 * @power	: Active power at the capacity state in mW (modified)
>> -	 * @freq	: Frequency at the capacity state in kHz (modified)
>> -	 * @cpu		: CPU for which we do this operation
>> +	 * active_power() - Provide power at the next performance state of a
>> +	 *		    device
>> +	 * @power	: Active power at the performance state in mW (modified)
>> +	 * @freq	: Frequency at the performance state in kHz (modified)
>> +	 * @dev		: Device for which we do this operation (can be a CPU)
>>   	 *
>> -	 * active_power() must find the lowest capacity state of 'cpu' above
>> +	 * active_power() must find the lowest performance state of 'dev' above
>>   	 * 'freq' and update 'power' and 'freq' to the matching active power
>>   	 * and frequency.
>>   	 *
>> -	 * The power is the one of a single CPU in the domain, expressed in
>> -	 * milli-watts. It is expected to fit in the [0, EM_CPU_MAX_POWER]
>> -	 * range.
>> +	 * In case of CPUs, the power is the one of a single CPU in the domain,
>> +	 * expressed in milli-watts. It is expected to fit in the
>> +	 * [0, EM_MAX_POWER] range.
>>   	 *
>>   	 * Return 0 on success.
>>   	 */
>> -	int (*active_power)(unsigned long *power, unsigned long *freq, int cpu);
>> +	int (*active_power)(unsigned long *power, unsigned long *freq,
>> +			    struct device *dev);
> 
> Given that you've made explicit in the doc of struct em_perf_state that
> 'power' can be a 'total' value (static + dynamic), this could be renamed
> I suppose.

I have check some literature and indeed 'active power' is not present,
but I could find 'active energy' and 'standby energy'. So we could
use 'active power' when we are talking in context of active energy.
In some other place I found 'Operating power (dynamic + leakage)' and
'Standby power' measurements for different architectures.

So I would prefer to keep 'active_power' which would mean the power
when a device was running (active).

> 
> <snip>
>>   /**
>>    * em_cpu_get() - Return the performance domain for a CPU
>>    * @cpu : CPU to find the performance domain for
>>    *
>> - * Return: the performance domain to which 'cpu' belongs, or NULL if it doesn't
>> + * Returns the performance domain to which 'cpu' belongs, or NULL if it doesn't
>>    * exist.
>>    */
>>   struct em_perf_domain *em_cpu_get(int cpu)
>>   {
>> -	return READ_ONCE(per_cpu(em_data, cpu));
> 
> Since CPU perf domains are guaranteed to never go away, it'd be safe to
> keep that per-CPU variable and avoid the locking and list manipulation
> below. No strong opinion, though.

The functions em_cpu_get() and em_get_pd() are called only during
start phase (topology initialization or thermal setup). After that
these subsystems carry on with the returned pointer in their private
structures. So I would prefer to keep implementation clean and have all
EM structures in one list (avoiding the per-cpu).

> 
>> +	struct em_device *em_dev;
>> +
>> +	mutex_lock(&em_pd_mutex);
>> +
>> +	if (list_empty(&em_pd_dev_list))
>> +		goto unlock;
>> +
>> +	list_for_each_entry(em_dev, &em_pd_dev_list, em_dev_list) {
>> +		if (!_is_cpu_em(em_dev->em_pd))
>> +			continue;
>> +
>> +		if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, em_span_cpus(em_dev->em_pd))) {
>> +			mutex_unlock(&em_pd_mutex);
>> +			return em_dev->em_pd;
>> +		}
>> +	}
>> +
>> +unlock:
>> +	mutex_unlock(&em_pd_mutex);
>> +	return NULL;
>>   }
>>   EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(em_cpu_get);
> 
> <snip>
>>   /**
>> - * em_register_perf_domain() - Register the Energy Model of a performance domain
>> - * @span	: Mask of CPUs in the performance domain
>> - * @nr_states	: Number of capacity states to register
>> + * em_register_perf_domain() - Register the Energy Model (EM) of a performance
>> + *		domain for the device
>> + * @dev		: Device for which the EM is to register
>> + * @nr_states	: Number of performance states to register
>>    * @cb		: Callback functions providing the data of the Energy Model
>> + * @cpus	: Pointer to cpumask_t, which in case of a CPU device is
>> + *		obligatory. It can be taken from i.e. 'policy->cpus'. For other
> 
> It should be policy->related_cpus actually (or 'real_cpus' even) -- PM_EM
> ignores hotplug ATM. Perhaps we should document that somewhere ...

I also had this feeling until I have checked the cpufreq_online().
In that function after a call to driver's init function, the
'related_cpus' is set, not before (based on policy->cpus).
So I think it is safe to say 'policy->cpus' here.

https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/latest/source/drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq.c#L1344

> 
>> + *		type of devices this should be set to NULL.
>>    *
>>    * Create Energy Model tables for a performance domain using the callbacks
>>    * defined in cb.
>> @@ -196,63 +361,129 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(em_cpu_get);
> 
> Thanks,
> Quentin
> 

Regards,
Lukasz

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2 3/4] thermal: devfreq_cooling: Refactor code and switch to use Energy Model
  2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 3/4] thermal: devfreq_cooling: Refactor code and switch to use Energy Model lukasz.luba
@ 2020-02-08  9:51   ` kbuild test robot
  2020-02-08 10:39   ` kbuild test robot
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: kbuild test robot @ 2020-02-08  9:51 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: lukasz.luba
  Cc: kbuild-all, linux-kernel, linux-pm, linux-arm-kernel, dri-devel,
	linux-omap, linux-mediatek, linux-arm-msm, linux-imx,
	Morten.Rasmussen, Dietmar.Eggemann, Chris.Redpath,
	ionela.voinescu, javi.merino, cw00.choi, b.zolnierkie, rjw,
	sudeep.holla, viresh.kumar, nm, sboyd, rui.zhang, amit.kucheria,
	daniel.lezcano, mingo, peterz, juri.lelli, vincent.guittot,
	rostedt, qperret, bsegall, mgorman, shawnguo, s.hauer, festevam,
	kernel, khilman, agross, bjorn.andersson, robh, matthias.bgg,
	steven.price, tomeu.vizoso, alyssa.rosenzweig, airlied, daniel,
	liviu.dudau, lorenzo.pieralisi, lukasz.luba, patrick.bellasi

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 3096 bytes --]

Hi,

I love your patch! Perhaps something to improve:

[auto build test WARNING on pm/linux-next]
[also build test WARNING on linus/master next-20200207]
[cannot apply to tip/sched/core linux/master v5.5]
[if your patch is applied to the wrong git tree, please drop us a note to help
improve the system. BTW, we also suggest to use '--base' option to specify the
base tree in git format-patch, please see https://stackoverflow.com/a/37406982]

url:    https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commits/lukasz-luba-arm-com/Add-support-for-devices-in-the-Energy-Model/20200208-123516
base:   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rafael/linux-pm.git linux-next
config: x86_64-randconfig-a003-20200208 (attached as .config)
compiler: gcc-4.9 (Debian 4.9.2-10+deb8u1) 4.9.2
reproduce:
        # save the attached .config to linux build tree
        make ARCH=x86_64 

If you fix the issue, kindly add following tag
Reported-by: kbuild test robot <lkp@intel.com>

All warnings (new ones prefixed by >>):

   drivers/thermal/devfreq_cooling.c: In function 'freq_get_state':
>> drivers/thermal/devfreq_cooling.c:207:2: warning: overflow in implicit constant conversion [-Woverflow]
     return THERMAL_CSTATE_INVALID;
     ^

vim +207 drivers/thermal/devfreq_cooling.c

a76caf55e5b356b Ørjan Eide  2015-09-10  188  
a76caf55e5b356b Ørjan Eide  2015-09-10  189  /**
ed9aa27ba36cc93 Lukasz Luba 2020-02-06  190   * freq_get_state() - get the performance index corresponding to a frequency
a76caf55e5b356b Ørjan Eide  2015-09-10  191   * @dfc:	Pointer to devfreq cooling device
ed9aa27ba36cc93 Lukasz Luba 2020-02-06  192   * @freq:	frequency in kHz
a76caf55e5b356b Ørjan Eide  2015-09-10  193   *
ed9aa27ba36cc93 Lukasz Luba 2020-02-06  194   * Return: the performance index associated with the @freq, or
a76caf55e5b356b Ørjan Eide  2015-09-10  195   * THERMAL_CSTATE_INVALID if it wasn't found.
a76caf55e5b356b Ørjan Eide  2015-09-10  196   */
ed9aa27ba36cc93 Lukasz Luba 2020-02-06  197  static int
a76caf55e5b356b Ørjan Eide  2015-09-10  198  freq_get_state(struct devfreq_cooling_device *dfc, unsigned long freq)
a76caf55e5b356b Ørjan Eide  2015-09-10  199  {
a76caf55e5b356b Ørjan Eide  2015-09-10  200  	int i;
a76caf55e5b356b Ørjan Eide  2015-09-10  201  
ed9aa27ba36cc93 Lukasz Luba 2020-02-06  202  	for (i = 0; i <= dfc->max_level; i++) {
ed9aa27ba36cc93 Lukasz Luba 2020-02-06  203  		if (dfc->em->table[i].frequency == freq)
a76caf55e5b356b Ørjan Eide  2015-09-10  204  			return i;
a76caf55e5b356b Ørjan Eide  2015-09-10  205  	}
a76caf55e5b356b Ørjan Eide  2015-09-10  206  
a76caf55e5b356b Ørjan Eide  2015-09-10 @207  	return THERMAL_CSTATE_INVALID;
a76caf55e5b356b Ørjan Eide  2015-09-10  208  }
a76caf55e5b356b Ørjan Eide  2015-09-10  209  

:::::: The code at line 207 was first introduced by commit
:::::: a76caf55e5b356ba20a5a43ac4d9f7a04b20941d thermal: Add devfreq cooling

:::::: TO: Ørjan Eide <orjan.eide@arm.com>
:::::: CC: Eduardo Valentin <edubezval@gmail.com>

---
0-DAY CI Kernel Test Service, Intel Corporation
https://lists.01.org/hyperkitty/list/kbuild-all@lists.01.org

[-- Attachment #2: .config.gz --]
[-- Type: application/gzip, Size: 31556 bytes --]

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2 3/4] thermal: devfreq_cooling: Refactor code and switch to use Energy Model
  2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 3/4] thermal: devfreq_cooling: Refactor code and switch to use Energy Model lukasz.luba
  2020-02-08  9:51   ` kbuild test robot
@ 2020-02-08 10:39   ` kbuild test robot
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: kbuild test robot @ 2020-02-08 10:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: lukasz.luba
  Cc: kbuild-all, linux-kernel, linux-pm, linux-arm-kernel, dri-devel,
	linux-omap, linux-mediatek, linux-arm-msm, linux-imx,
	Morten.Rasmussen, Dietmar.Eggemann, Chris.Redpath,
	ionela.voinescu, javi.merino, cw00.choi, b.zolnierkie, rjw,
	sudeep.holla, viresh.kumar, nm, sboyd, rui.zhang, amit.kucheria,
	daniel.lezcano, mingo, peterz, juri.lelli, vincent.guittot,
	rostedt, qperret, bsegall, mgorman, shawnguo, s.hauer, festevam,
	kernel, khilman, agross, bjorn.andersson, robh, matthias.bgg,
	steven.price, tomeu.vizoso, alyssa.rosenzweig, airlied, daniel,
	liviu.dudau, lorenzo.pieralisi, lukasz.luba, patrick.bellasi

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 2851 bytes --]

Hi,

I love your patch! Perhaps something to improve:

[auto build test WARNING on pm/linux-next]
[also build test WARNING on linus/master next-20200207]
[cannot apply to tip/sched/core linux/master v5.5]
[if your patch is applied to the wrong git tree, please drop us a note to help
improve the system. BTW, we also suggest to use '--base' option to specify the
base tree in git format-patch, please see https://stackoverflow.com/a/37406982]

url:    https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commits/lukasz-luba-arm-com/Add-support-for-devices-in-the-Energy-Model/20200208-123516
base:   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rafael/linux-pm.git linux-next
config: sparc-allyesconfig (attached as .config)
compiler: sparc64-linux-gcc (GCC) 7.5.0
reproduce:
        wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/intel/lkp-tests/master/sbin/make.cross -O ~/bin/make.cross
        chmod +x ~/bin/make.cross
        # save the attached .config to linux build tree
        GCC_VERSION=7.5.0 make.cross ARCH=sparc 

If you fix the issue, kindly add following tag
Reported-by: kbuild test robot <lkp@intel.com>

All warnings (new ones prefixed by >>):

   In file included from include/linux/devfreq_cooling.h:21:0,
                    from drivers/thermal/devfreq_cooling.c:14:
   drivers/thermal/devfreq_cooling.c: In function 'freq_get_state':
>> include/linux/thermal.h:24:32: warning: overflow in implicit constant conversion [-Woverflow]
    #define THERMAL_CSTATE_INVALID -1UL
                                   ^
>> drivers/thermal/devfreq_cooling.c:207:9: note: in expansion of macro 'THERMAL_CSTATE_INVALID'
     return THERMAL_CSTATE_INVALID;
            ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
--
   In file included from include/linux/devfreq_cooling.h:21:0,
                    from drivers//thermal/devfreq_cooling.c:14:
   drivers//thermal/devfreq_cooling.c: In function 'freq_get_state':
>> include/linux/thermal.h:24:32: warning: overflow in implicit constant conversion [-Woverflow]
    #define THERMAL_CSTATE_INVALID -1UL
                                   ^
   drivers//thermal/devfreq_cooling.c:207:9: note: in expansion of macro 'THERMAL_CSTATE_INVALID'
     return THERMAL_CSTATE_INVALID;
            ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

vim +24 include/linux/thermal.h

23064088d6aea04 Durgadoss R 2012-09-18  22  
57df8106932b574 Zhang Rui   2013-02-08  23  /* invalid cooling state */
57df8106932b574 Zhang Rui   2013-02-08 @24  #define THERMAL_CSTATE_INVALID -1UL
57df8106932b574 Zhang Rui   2013-02-08  25  

:::::: The code at line 24 was first introduced by commit
:::::: 57df8106932b57427df1eaaa13871857f75b1194 Thermal: exynos: fix cooling state translation

:::::: TO: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
:::::: CC: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>

---
0-DAY CI Kernel Test Service, Intel Corporation
https://lists.01.org/hyperkitty/list/kbuild-all@lists.01.org

[-- Attachment #2: .config.gz --]
[-- Type: application/gzip, Size: 60880 bytes --]

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2 1/4] PM / EM: add devices to Energy Model
  2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 1/4] PM / EM: add devices to " lukasz.luba
  2020-02-07 12:04   ` Quentin Perret
@ 2020-02-13 10:59   ` Dietmar Eggemann
  2020-02-13 15:25     ` Lukasz Luba
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 11+ messages in thread
From: Dietmar Eggemann @ 2020-02-13 10:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: lukasz.luba, linux-kernel, linux-pm, linux-arm-kernel, dri-devel,
	linux-omap, linux-mediatek, linux-arm-msm, linux-imx
  Cc: Morten.Rasmussen, Chris.Redpath, ionela.voinescu, javi.merino,
	cw00.choi, b.zolnierkie, rjw, sudeep.holla, viresh.kumar, nm,
	sboyd, rui.zhang, amit.kucheria, daniel.lezcano, mingo, peterz,
	juri.lelli, vincent.guittot, rostedt, qperret, bsegall, mgorman,
	shawnguo, s.hauer, festevam, kernel, khilman, agross,
	bjorn.andersson, robh, matthias.bgg, steven.price, tomeu.vizoso,
	alyssa.rosenzweig, airlied, daniel, liviu.dudau,
	lorenzo.pieralisi, patrick.bellasi

On 06/02/2020 14:46, lukasz.luba@arm.com wrote:
> From: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>

[..]

> @@ -26,7 +28,7 @@ framework, and interested clients reading the data from it::

s/::/: ?

>         | Thermal (IPA) |  | Scheduler (EAS) |  |     Other     |
>         +---------------+  +-----------------+  +---------------+
>                 |                   | em_pd_energy()    |
> -               |                   | em_cpu_get()      |
> +               |  em_get_pd()      | em_cpu_get()      |
>                 +---------+         |         +---------+

em_get_pd() and em_cpu_get()? Why not em_pd_get()? em_cpu_get() is a
specific em_get_pd(). right?

[...]

> @@ -85,13 +89,20 @@ API.
>  2.3 Accessing performance domains
>  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
>  
> +There is two API functions which provide the access to the energy model:
> +em_cpu_get() which takes CPU id as an argument and em_get_pd() with device
> +pointer as an argument. It depends on the subsystem which interface it is
> +going to use, but in case of CPU devices both functions return the same
> +performance domain.

There is probably a reason why we need this specific function for CPU
devices? The reason should be described. People might ask why
em_get_pd() is not sufficient.

[...]

> - * A "performance domain" represents a group of CPUs whose performance is
> - * scaled together. All CPUs of a performance domain must have the same
> - * micro-architecture. Performance domains often have a 1-to-1 mapping with
> - * CPUFreq policies.
> + * In case of CPU device, a "performance domain" represents a group of CPUs
> + * whose performance is scaled together. All CPUs of a performance domain
> + * must have the same micro-architecture. Performance domains often have
> + * a 1-to-1 mapping with CPUFreq policies.
> + * In case of other devices the 'priv' field is unused.
>   */
>  struct em_perf_domain {
> -	struct em_cap_state *table;
> -	int nr_cap_states;
> -	unsigned long cpus[0];
> +	struct em_perf_state *table;
> +	int nr_perf_states;
> +	void *priv;

In case you go back to the variable length field plus type field to
distingush EM devices, keep cpus[0] as the name.

[..]

>  /**
> - * em_pd_energy() - Estimates the energy consumed by the CPUs of a perf. domain
> + * em_pd_energy() - Estimates the energy consumed by the CPUs of a perf.
> +			domain

Why this change?

[...]

> @@ -141,12 +210,12 @@ static struct em_perf_domain *em_create_pd(cpumask_t *span, int nr_states,
>  		 */
>  		opp_eff = freq / power;
>  		if (opp_eff >= prev_opp_eff)
> -			pr_warn("pd%d: hertz/watts ratio non-monotonically decreasing: em_cap_state %d >= em_cap_state%d\n",
> -					cpu, i, i - 1);
> +			dev_warn(dev, "energy_model: hertz/watts ratio non-monotonically decreasing: em_perf_state %d >= em_perf_state%d\n",

s/energy_model/EM ?

[...]

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2 1/4] PM / EM: add devices to Energy Model
  2020-02-13 10:59   ` Dietmar Eggemann
@ 2020-02-13 15:25     ` Lukasz Luba
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Lukasz Luba @ 2020-02-13 15:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dietmar Eggemann, linux-kernel, linux-pm, linux-arm-kernel,
	dri-devel, linux-omap, linux-mediatek, linux-arm-msm, linux-imx
  Cc: Morten.Rasmussen, Chris.Redpath, ionela.voinescu, javi.merino,
	cw00.choi, b.zolnierkie, rjw, sudeep.holla, viresh.kumar, nm,
	sboyd, rui.zhang, amit.kucheria, daniel.lezcano, mingo, peterz,
	juri.lelli, vincent.guittot, rostedt, qperret, bsegall, mgorman,
	shawnguo, s.hauer, festevam, kernel, khilman, agross,
	bjorn.andersson, robh, matthias.bgg, steven.price, tomeu.vizoso,
	alyssa.rosenzweig, airlied, daniel, liviu.dudau,
	lorenzo.pieralisi, patrick.bellasi



On 2/13/20 10:59 AM, Dietmar Eggemann wrote:
> On 06/02/2020 14:46, lukasz.luba@arm.com wrote:
>> From: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>
> 
> [..]
> 
>> @@ -26,7 +28,7 @@ framework, and interested clients reading the data from it::
> 
> s/::/: ?
> 
>>          | Thermal (IPA) |  | Scheduler (EAS) |  |     Other     |
>>          +---------------+  +-----------------+  +---------------+
>>                  |                   | em_pd_energy()    |
>> -               |                   | em_cpu_get()      |
>> +               |  em_get_pd()      | em_cpu_get()      |
>>                  +---------+         |         +---------+
> 
> em_get_pd() and em_cpu_get()? Why not em_pd_get()? em_cpu_get() is a
> specific em_get_pd(). right?

Yes. I will rename 'em_get_pd' to 'em_pd_get'

> 
> [...]
> 
>> @@ -85,13 +89,20 @@ API.
>>   2.3 Accessing performance domains
>>   ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
>>   
>> +There is two API functions which provide the access to the energy model:
>> +em_cpu_get() which takes CPU id as an argument and em_get_pd() with device
>> +pointer as an argument. It depends on the subsystem which interface it is
>> +going to use, but in case of CPU devices both functions return the same
>> +performance domain.
> 
> There is probably a reason why we need this specific function for CPU
> devices? The reason should be described. People might ask why
> em_get_pd() is not sufficient.

True, good point. I will extend the comment in em_cpu_get().

> 
> [...]
> 
>> - * A "performance domain" represents a group of CPUs whose performance is
>> - * scaled together. All CPUs of a performance domain must have the same
>> - * micro-architecture. Performance domains often have a 1-to-1 mapping with
>> - * CPUFreq policies.
>> + * In case of CPU device, a "performance domain" represents a group of CPUs
>> + * whose performance is scaled together. All CPUs of a performance domain
>> + * must have the same micro-architecture. Performance domains often have
>> + * a 1-to-1 mapping with CPUFreq policies.
>> + * In case of other devices the 'priv' field is unused.
>>    */
>>   struct em_perf_domain {
>> -	struct em_cap_state *table;
>> -	int nr_cap_states;
>> -	unsigned long cpus[0];
>> +	struct em_perf_state *table;
>> +	int nr_perf_states;
>> +	void *priv;
> 
> In case you go back to the variable length field plus type field to
> distingush EM devices, keep cpus[0] as the name.

OK, I will.

> 
> [..]
> 
>>   /**
>> - * em_pd_energy() - Estimates the energy consumed by the CPUs of a perf. domain
>> + * em_pd_energy() - Estimates the energy consumed by the CPUs of a perf.
>> +			domain
> 
> Why this change?

hmmm, that's odd, maybe there was 'device' then I changed it back to
'CPUs' but forgot to move the 'domain' to the old place.

> 
> [...]
> 
>> @@ -141,12 +210,12 @@ static struct em_perf_domain *em_create_pd(cpumask_t *span, int nr_states,
>>   		 */
>>   		opp_eff = freq / power;
>>   		if (opp_eff >= prev_opp_eff)
>> -			pr_warn("pd%d: hertz/watts ratio non-monotonically decreasing: em_cap_state %d >= em_cap_state%d\n",
>> -					cpu, i, i - 1);
>> +			dev_warn(dev, "energy_model: hertz/watts ratio non-monotonically decreasing: em_perf_state %d >= em_perf_state%d\n",
> 
> s/energy_model/EM ?

OK, I will rename them in all places.

Thank you for the review.

Regards,
Lukasz

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 11+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2020-02-06 13:46 [PATCH v2 0/4] Add support for devices in the Energy Model lukasz.luba
2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 1/4] PM / EM: add devices to " lukasz.luba
2020-02-07 12:04   ` Quentin Perret
2020-02-07 15:59     ` Lukasz Luba
2020-02-13 10:59   ` Dietmar Eggemann
2020-02-13 15:25     ` Lukasz Luba
2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 2/4] OPP: change parameter to device pointer in dev_pm_opp_of_register_em() lukasz.luba
2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 3/4] thermal: devfreq_cooling: Refactor code and switch to use Energy Model lukasz.luba
2020-02-08  9:51   ` kbuild test robot
2020-02-08 10:39   ` kbuild test robot
2020-02-06 13:46 ` [PATCH v2 4/4] drm/panfrost: Register to the Energy Model with devfreq device lukasz.luba

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