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From: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
To: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: "Justin Sanders" <justin@coraid.com>,
	"Josef Bacik" <josef@toxicpanda.com>,
	"Ilya Dryomov" <idryomov@gmail.com>,
	"Jack Wang" <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com>,
	"Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>,
	"Jason Wang" <jasowang@redhat.com>,
	"Paolo Bonzini" <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	"Stefan Hajnoczi" <stefanha@redhat.com>,
	"Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk" <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>,
	"Roger Pau Monné" <roger.pau@citrix.com>,
	"Minchan Kim" <minchan@kernel.org>,
	"Mike Snitzer" <snitzer@redhat.com>, "Song Liu" <song@kernel.org>,
	"Martin K. Petersen" <martin.petersen@oracle.com>,
	dm-devel@redhat.com, linux-block@vger.kernel.org,
	drbd-dev@lists.linbit.com, nbd@other.debian.org,
	ceph-devel@vger.kernel.org, xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org,
	linux-raid@vger.kernel.org, linux-nvme@lists.infradead.org,
	linux-scsi@vger.kernel.org, linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH 66/78] block: keep a block_device reference for each hd_struct
Date: Mon, 16 Nov 2020 15:57:57 +0100
Message-ID: <20201116145809.410558-67-hch@lst.de> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20201116145809.410558-1-hch@lst.de>

To simplify block device lookup and a few other upcomdin areas, make sure
that we always have a struct block_device available for each disk and
each partition.  The only downside of this is that each device and
partition uses a little more memories.  The upside will be that a lot of
code can be simplified.

With that all we need to look up the block device is to lookup the inode
and do a few sanity checks on the gendisk, instead of the separate lookup
for the gendisk.

As part of the change switch bdget() to only find existing block devices,
given that we know that the block_device structure must be allocated at
probe / partition scan time.

blk-cgroup needed a bit of a special treatment as the only place that
wanted to lookup a gendisk outside of the normal blkdev_get path.  It is
switched to lookup using the block device hash now that this is the
primary lookup path.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
---
 block/blk-cgroup.c         |  42 ++++-----
 block/blk-iocost.c         |  36 +++----
 block/blk.h                |   1 -
 block/genhd.c              | 188 +++----------------------------------
 block/partitions/core.c    |  28 +++---
 fs/block_dev.c             | 133 +++++++++++++++-----------
 include/linux/blk-cgroup.h |   4 +-
 include/linux/blkdev.h     |   3 +
 include/linux/genhd.h      |   4 +-
 9 files changed, 153 insertions(+), 286 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/blk-cgroup.c b/block/blk-cgroup.c
index 54fbe1e80cc41a..4c0ae0f6bce02d 100644
--- a/block/blk-cgroup.c
+++ b/block/blk-cgroup.c
@@ -556,22 +556,22 @@ static struct blkcg_gq *blkg_lookup_check(struct blkcg *blkcg,
 }
 
 /**
- * blkg_conf_prep - parse and prepare for per-blkg config update
+ * blkcg_conf_get_bdev - parse and open bdev for per-blkg config update
  * @inputp: input string pointer
  *
  * Parse the device node prefix part, MAJ:MIN, of per-blkg config update
- * from @input and get and return the matching gendisk.  *@inputp is
+ * from @input and get and return the matching bdev.  *@inputp is
  * updated to point past the device node prefix.  Returns an ERR_PTR()
  * value on error.
  *
  * Use this function iff blkg_conf_prep() can't be used for some reason.
  */
-struct gendisk *blkcg_conf_get_disk(char **inputp)
+struct block_device *blkcg_conf_get_bdev(char **inputp)
 {
 	char *input = *inputp;
 	unsigned int major, minor;
-	struct gendisk *disk;
-	int key_len, part;
+	struct block_device *bdev;
+	int key_len;
 
 	if (sscanf(input, "%u:%u%n", &major, &minor, &key_len) != 2)
 		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
@@ -581,16 +581,16 @@ struct gendisk *blkcg_conf_get_disk(char **inputp)
 		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
 	input = skip_spaces(input);
 
-	disk = get_gendisk(MKDEV(major, minor), &part);
-	if (!disk)
+	bdev = bdget(MKDEV(major, minor));
+	if (!bdev)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
-	if (part) {
-		put_disk_and_module(disk);
+	if (bdev_is_partition(bdev)) {
+		bdput(bdev);
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
 	}
 
 	*inputp = input;
-	return disk;
+	return bdev;
 }
 
 /**
@@ -607,18 +607,18 @@ struct gendisk *blkcg_conf_get_disk(char **inputp)
  */
 int blkg_conf_prep(struct blkcg *blkcg, const struct blkcg_policy *pol,
 		   char *input, struct blkg_conf_ctx *ctx)
-	__acquires(rcu) __acquires(&disk->queue->queue_lock)
+	__acquires(rcu) __acquires(&bdev->bd_disk->queue->queue_lock)
 {
-	struct gendisk *disk;
+	struct block_device *bdev;
 	struct request_queue *q;
 	struct blkcg_gq *blkg;
 	int ret;
 
-	disk = blkcg_conf_get_disk(&input);
-	if (IS_ERR(disk))
-		return PTR_ERR(disk);
+	bdev = blkcg_conf_get_bdev(&input);
+	if (IS_ERR(bdev))
+		return PTR_ERR(bdev);
 
-	q = disk->queue;
+	q = bdev->bd_disk->queue;
 
 	rcu_read_lock();
 	spin_lock_irq(&q->queue_lock);
@@ -689,7 +689,7 @@ int blkg_conf_prep(struct blkcg *blkcg, const struct blkcg_policy *pol,
 			goto success;
 	}
 success:
-	ctx->disk = disk;
+	ctx->bdev = bdev;
 	ctx->blkg = blkg;
 	ctx->body = input;
 	return 0;
@@ -700,7 +700,7 @@ int blkg_conf_prep(struct blkcg *blkcg, const struct blkcg_policy *pol,
 	spin_unlock_irq(&q->queue_lock);
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 fail:
-	put_disk_and_module(disk);
+	bdput(bdev);
 	/*
 	 * If queue was bypassing, we should retry.  Do so after a
 	 * short msleep().  It isn't strictly necessary but queue
@@ -723,11 +723,11 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blkg_conf_prep);
  * with blkg_conf_prep().
  */
 void blkg_conf_finish(struct blkg_conf_ctx *ctx)
-	__releases(&ctx->disk->queue->queue_lock) __releases(rcu)
+	__releases(&ctx->bdev->bd_disk->queue->queue_lock) __releases(rcu)
 {
-	spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->disk->queue->queue_lock);
+	spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->bdev->bd_disk->queue->queue_lock);
 	rcu_read_unlock();
-	put_disk_and_module(ctx->disk);
+	bdput(ctx->bdev);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blkg_conf_finish);
 
diff --git a/block/blk-iocost.c b/block/blk-iocost.c
index bbe86d1199dc5b..bd8bfccf6b9ec3 100644
--- a/block/blk-iocost.c
+++ b/block/blk-iocost.c
@@ -3120,23 +3120,23 @@ static const match_table_t qos_tokens = {
 static ssize_t ioc_qos_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *input,
 			     size_t nbytes, loff_t off)
 {
-	struct gendisk *disk;
+	struct block_device *bdev;
 	struct ioc *ioc;
 	u32 qos[NR_QOS_PARAMS];
 	bool enable, user;
 	char *p;
 	int ret;
 
-	disk = blkcg_conf_get_disk(&input);
-	if (IS_ERR(disk))
-		return PTR_ERR(disk);
+	bdev = blkcg_conf_get_bdev(&input);
+	if (IS_ERR(bdev))
+		return PTR_ERR(bdev);
 
-	ioc = q_to_ioc(disk->queue);
+	ioc = q_to_ioc(bdev->bd_disk->queue);
 	if (!ioc) {
-		ret = blk_iocost_init(disk->queue);
+		ret = blk_iocost_init(bdev->bd_disk->queue);
 		if (ret)
 			goto err;
-		ioc = q_to_ioc(disk->queue);
+		ioc = q_to_ioc(bdev->bd_disk->queue);
 	}
 
 	spin_lock_irq(&ioc->lock);
@@ -3231,12 +3231,12 @@ static ssize_t ioc_qos_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *input,
 	ioc_refresh_params(ioc, true);
 	spin_unlock_irq(&ioc->lock);
 
-	put_disk_and_module(disk);
+	bdput(bdev);
 	return nbytes;
 einval:
 	ret = -EINVAL;
 err:
-	put_disk_and_module(disk);
+	bdput(bdev);
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -3287,23 +3287,23 @@ static const match_table_t i_lcoef_tokens = {
 static ssize_t ioc_cost_model_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *input,
 				    size_t nbytes, loff_t off)
 {
-	struct gendisk *disk;
+	struct block_device *bdev;
 	struct ioc *ioc;
 	u64 u[NR_I_LCOEFS];
 	bool user;
 	char *p;
 	int ret;
 
-	disk = blkcg_conf_get_disk(&input);
-	if (IS_ERR(disk))
-		return PTR_ERR(disk);
+	bdev = blkcg_conf_get_bdev(&input);
+	if (IS_ERR(bdev))
+		return PTR_ERR(bdev);
 
-	ioc = q_to_ioc(disk->queue);
+	ioc = q_to_ioc(bdev->bd_disk->queue);
 	if (!ioc) {
-		ret = blk_iocost_init(disk->queue);
+		ret = blk_iocost_init(bdev->bd_disk->queue);
 		if (ret)
 			goto err;
-		ioc = q_to_ioc(disk->queue);
+		ioc = q_to_ioc(bdev->bd_disk->queue);
 	}
 
 	spin_lock_irq(&ioc->lock);
@@ -3356,13 +3356,13 @@ static ssize_t ioc_cost_model_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *input,
 	ioc_refresh_params(ioc, true);
 	spin_unlock_irq(&ioc->lock);
 
-	put_disk_and_module(disk);
+	bdput(bdev);
 	return nbytes;
 
 einval:
 	ret = -EINVAL;
 err:
-	put_disk_and_module(disk);
+	bdput(bdev);
 	return ret;
 }
 
diff --git a/block/blk.h b/block/blk.h
index dfab98465db9a5..d74159bf61eb8f 100644
--- a/block/blk.h
+++ b/block/blk.h
@@ -352,7 +352,6 @@ struct hd_struct *disk_map_sector_rcu(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t sector);
 
 int blk_alloc_devt(struct hd_struct *part, dev_t *devt);
 void blk_free_devt(dev_t devt);
-void blk_invalidate_devt(dev_t devt);
 char *disk_name(struct gendisk *hd, int partno, char *buf);
 #define ADDPART_FLAG_NONE	0
 #define ADDPART_FLAG_RAID	1
diff --git a/block/genhd.c b/block/genhd.c
index 4a224a3c8e1071..40ec5473a21dd2 100644
--- a/block/genhd.c
+++ b/block/genhd.c
@@ -27,17 +27,9 @@
 
 static struct kobject *block_depr;
 
-static DEFINE_XARRAY(bdev_map);
-static DEFINE_MUTEX(bdev_map_lock);
-
 /* for extended dynamic devt allocation, currently only one major is used */
 #define NR_EXT_DEVT		(1 << MINORBITS)
-
-/* For extended devt allocation.  ext_devt_lock prevents look up
- * results from going away underneath its user.
- */
-static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(ext_devt_lock);
-static DEFINE_IDR(ext_devt_idr);
+static DEFINE_IDA(ext_devt_ida);
 
 static void disk_check_events(struct disk_events *ev,
 			      unsigned int *clearing_ptr);
@@ -578,14 +570,7 @@ int blk_alloc_devt(struct hd_struct *part, dev_t *devt)
 		return 0;
 	}
 
-	/* allocate ext devt */
-	idr_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
-
-	spin_lock_bh(&ext_devt_lock);
-	idx = idr_alloc(&ext_devt_idr, part, 0, NR_EXT_DEVT, GFP_NOWAIT);
-	spin_unlock_bh(&ext_devt_lock);
-
-	idr_preload_end();
+	idx = ida_alloc_range(&ext_devt_ida, 0, NR_EXT_DEVT, GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (idx < 0)
 		return idx == -ENOSPC ? -EBUSY : idx;
 
@@ -604,26 +589,8 @@ int blk_alloc_devt(struct hd_struct *part, dev_t *devt)
  */
 void blk_free_devt(dev_t devt)
 {
-	if (devt == MKDEV(0, 0))
-		return;
-
-	if (MAJOR(devt) == BLOCK_EXT_MAJOR) {
-		spin_lock_bh(&ext_devt_lock);
-		idr_remove(&ext_devt_idr, blk_mangle_minor(MINOR(devt)));
-		spin_unlock_bh(&ext_devt_lock);
-	}
-}
-
-/*
- * We invalidate devt by assigning NULL pointer for devt in idr.
- */
-void blk_invalidate_devt(dev_t devt)
-{
-	if (MAJOR(devt) == BLOCK_EXT_MAJOR) {
-		spin_lock_bh(&ext_devt_lock);
-		idr_replace(&ext_devt_idr, NULL, blk_mangle_minor(MINOR(devt)));
-		spin_unlock_bh(&ext_devt_lock);
-	}
+	if (MAJOR(devt) == BLOCK_EXT_MAJOR)
+		ida_free(&ext_devt_ida, blk_mangle_minor(MINOR(devt)));
 }
 
 static char *bdevt_str(dev_t devt, char *buf)
@@ -638,28 +605,6 @@ static char *bdevt_str(dev_t devt, char *buf)
 	return buf;
 }
 
-static void blk_register_region(struct gendisk *disk)
-{
-	int i;
-
-	mutex_lock(&bdev_map_lock);
-	for (i = 0; i < disk->minors; i++) {
-		if (xa_insert(&bdev_map, disk_devt(disk) + i, disk, GFP_KERNEL))
-			WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
-	}
-	mutex_unlock(&bdev_map_lock);
-}
-
-static void blk_unregister_region(struct gendisk *disk)
-{
-	int i;
-
-	mutex_lock(&bdev_map_lock);
-	for (i = 0; i < disk->minors; i++)
-		xa_erase(&bdev_map, disk_devt(disk) + i);
-	mutex_unlock(&bdev_map_lock);
-}
-
 static void disk_scan_partitions(struct gendisk *disk)
 {
 	struct block_device *bdev;
@@ -803,7 +748,7 @@ static void __device_add_disk(struct device *parent, struct gendisk *disk,
 		ret = bdi_register(bdi, "%u:%u", MAJOR(devt), MINOR(devt));
 		WARN_ON(ret);
 		bdi_set_owner(bdi, dev);
-		blk_register_region(disk);
+		bdev_add(disk->part0.bdev, devt);
 	}
 	register_disk(parent, disk, groups);
 	if (register_queue)
@@ -914,16 +859,6 @@ void del_gendisk(struct gendisk *disk)
 	}
 
 	blk_unregister_queue(disk);
-	
-	if (!(disk->flags & GENHD_FL_HIDDEN))
-		blk_unregister_region(disk);
-	/*
-	 * Remove gendisk pointer from idr so that it cannot be looked up
-	 * while RCU period before freeing gendisk is running to prevent
-	 * use-after-free issues. Note that the device number stays
-	 * "in-use" until we really free the gendisk.
-	 */
-	blk_invalidate_devt(disk_devt(disk));
 
 	kobject_put(disk->part0.holder_dir);
 	kobject_put(disk->slave_dir);
@@ -962,7 +897,7 @@ static ssize_t disk_badblocks_store(struct device *dev,
 	return badblocks_store(disk->bb, page, len, 0);
 }
 
-static void request_gendisk_module(dev_t devt)
+void blk_request_module(dev_t devt)
 {
 	unsigned int major = MAJOR(devt);
 	struct blk_major_name **n;
@@ -982,84 +917,6 @@ static void request_gendisk_module(dev_t devt)
 		request_module("block-major-%d", MAJOR(devt));
 }
 
-static bool get_disk_and_module(struct gendisk *disk)
-{
-	struct module *owner;
-
-	if (!disk->fops)
-		return false;
-	owner = disk->fops->owner;
-	if (owner && !try_module_get(owner))
-		return false;
-	if (!kobject_get_unless_zero(&disk_to_dev(disk)->kobj)) {
-		module_put(owner);
-		return false;
-	}
-	return true;
-
-}
-
-/**
- * get_gendisk - get partitioning information for a given device
- * @devt: device to get partitioning information for
- * @partno: returned partition index
- *
- * This function gets the structure containing partitioning
- * information for the given device @devt.
- *
- * Context: can sleep
- */
-struct gendisk *get_gendisk(dev_t devt, int *partno)
-{
-	struct gendisk *disk = NULL;
-
-	might_sleep();
-
-	if (MAJOR(devt) != BLOCK_EXT_MAJOR) {
-		mutex_lock(&bdev_map_lock);
-		disk = xa_load(&bdev_map, devt);
-		if (!disk) {
-			mutex_unlock(&bdev_map_lock);
-			request_gendisk_module(devt);
-			mutex_lock(&bdev_map_lock);
-			disk = xa_load(&bdev_map, devt);
-		}
-		if (disk && !get_disk_and_module(disk))
-			disk = NULL;
-		if (disk)
-			*partno = devt - disk_devt(disk);
-		mutex_unlock(&bdev_map_lock);
-	} else {
-		struct hd_struct *part;
-
-		spin_lock_bh(&ext_devt_lock);
-		part = idr_find(&ext_devt_idr, blk_mangle_minor(MINOR(devt)));
-		if (part && get_disk_and_module(part_to_disk(part))) {
-			*partno = part->partno;
-			disk = part_to_disk(part);
-		}
-		spin_unlock_bh(&ext_devt_lock);
-	}
-
-	if (!disk)
-		return NULL;
-
-	/*
-	 * Synchronize with del_gendisk() to not return disk that is being
-	 * destroyed.
-	 */
-	down_read(&disk->lookup_sem);
-	if (unlikely((disk->flags & GENHD_FL_HIDDEN) ||
-		     !(disk->flags & GENHD_FL_UP))) {
-		up_read(&disk->lookup_sem);
-		put_disk_and_module(disk);
-		disk = NULL;
-	} else {
-		up_read(&disk->lookup_sem);
-	}
-	return disk;
-}
-
 /**
  * bdget_disk - do bdget() by gendisk and partition number
  * @disk: gendisk of interest
@@ -1557,11 +1414,6 @@ int disk_expand_part_tbl(struct gendisk *disk, int partno)
  *
  * This function releases all allocated resources of the gendisk.
  *
- * The struct gendisk refcount is incremented with get_gendisk() or
- * get_disk_and_module(), and its refcount is decremented with
- * put_disk_and_module() or put_disk(). Once the refcount reaches 0 this
- * function is called.
- *
  * Drivers which used __device_add_disk() have a gendisk with a request_queue
  * assigned. Since the request_queue sits on top of the gendisk for these
  * drivers we also call blk_put_queue() for them, and we expect the
@@ -1746,9 +1598,13 @@ struct gendisk *__alloc_disk_node(int minors, int node_id)
 	if (!disk)
 		return NULL;
 
+	disk->part0.bdev = bdev_alloc(disk, 0);
+	if (!disk->part0.bdev)
+		goto out_free_disk;
+
 	disk->part0.dkstats = alloc_percpu(struct disk_stats);
 	if (!disk->part0.dkstats)
-		goto out_free_disk;
+		goto out_bdput;
 
 	init_rwsem(&disk->lookup_sem);
 	disk->node_id = node_id;
@@ -1782,6 +1638,8 @@ struct gendisk *__alloc_disk_node(int minors, int node_id)
 
 out_free_part0:
 	hd_free_part(&disk->part0);
+out_bdput:
+	bdput(disk->part0.bdev);
 out_free_disk:
 	kfree(disk);
 	return NULL;
@@ -1805,26 +1663,6 @@ void put_disk(struct gendisk *disk)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_disk);
 
-/**
- * put_disk_and_module - decrements the module and gendisk refcount
- * @disk: the struct gendisk to decrement the refcount for
- *
- * This is a counterpart of get_disk_and_module() and thus also of
- * get_gendisk().
- *
- * Context: Any context, but the last reference must not be dropped from
- *          atomic context.
- */
-void put_disk_and_module(struct gendisk *disk)
-{
-	if (disk) {
-		struct module *owner = disk->fops->owner;
-
-		put_disk(disk);
-		module_put(owner);
-	}
-}
-
 static void set_disk_ro_uevent(struct gendisk *gd, int ro)
 {
 	char event[] = "DISK_RO=1";
diff --git a/block/partitions/core.c b/block/partitions/core.c
index a02e224115943d..8b44f46ab1fbfc 100644
--- a/block/partitions/core.c
+++ b/block/partitions/core.c
@@ -340,12 +340,11 @@ void delete_partition(struct hd_struct *part)
 	device_del(part_to_dev(part));
 
 	/*
-	 * Remove gendisk pointer from idr so that it cannot be looked up
-	 * while RCU period before freeing gendisk is running to prevent
-	 * use-after-free issues. Note that the device number stays
-	 * "in-use" until we really free the gendisk.
+	 * Remove the block device from the inode hash, so that it cannot be
+	 * looked up while waiting for the RCU grace period.
 	 */
-	blk_invalidate_devt(part_devt(part));
+	bdput(part->bdev);
+
 	percpu_ref_kill(&part->ref);
 }
 
@@ -402,11 +401,14 @@ static struct hd_struct *add_partition(struct gendisk *disk, int partno,
 	if (!p)
 		return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
 
+	err = -ENOMEM;
 	p->dkstats = alloc_percpu(struct disk_stats);
-	if (!p->dkstats) {
-		err = -ENOMEM;
+	if (!p->dkstats)
 		goto out_free;
-	}
+
+	p->bdev = bdev_alloc(disk, partno);
+	if (!p->bdev)
+		goto out_free_stats;
 
 	hd_sects_seq_init(p);
 	pdev = part_to_dev(p);
@@ -420,10 +422,8 @@ static struct hd_struct *add_partition(struct gendisk *disk, int partno,
 		struct partition_meta_info *pinfo;
 
 		pinfo = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*pinfo), GFP_KERNEL, disk->node_id);
-		if (!pinfo) {
-			err = -ENOMEM;
-			goto out_free_stats;
-		}
+		if (!pinfo)
+			goto out_bdput;
 		memcpy(pinfo, info, sizeof(*info));
 		p->info = pinfo;
 	}
@@ -470,6 +470,7 @@ static struct hd_struct *add_partition(struct gendisk *disk, int partno,
 	}
 
 	/* everything is up and running, commence */
+	bdev_add(p->bdev, devt);
 	rcu_assign_pointer(ptbl->part[partno], p);
 
 	/* suppress uevent if the disk suppresses it */
@@ -479,11 +480,14 @@ static struct hd_struct *add_partition(struct gendisk *disk, int partno,
 
 out_free_info:
 	kfree(p->info);
+out_bdput:
+	bdput(p->bdev);
 out_free_stats:
 	free_percpu(p->dkstats);
 out_free:
 	kfree(p);
 	return ERR_PTR(err);
+
 out_remove_file:
 	device_remove_file(pdev, &dev_attr_whole_disk);
 out_del:
diff --git a/fs/block_dev.c b/fs/block_dev.c
index 29db12c3bb501c..f36788d7699302 100644
--- a/fs/block_dev.c
+++ b/fs/block_dev.c
@@ -795,6 +795,12 @@ static void bdev_free_inode(struct inode *inode)
 	kmem_cache_free(bdev_cachep, BDEV_I(inode));
 }
 
+static void bdev_destroy_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+	if (inode->i_rdev)
+		put_device(disk_to_dev(I_BDEV(inode)->bd_disk));
+}
+
 static void init_once(void *foo)
 {
 	struct bdev_inode *ei = (struct bdev_inode *) foo;
@@ -829,6 +835,7 @@ static const struct super_operations bdev_sops = {
 	.statfs = simple_statfs,
 	.alloc_inode = bdev_alloc_inode,
 	.free_inode = bdev_free_inode,
+	.destroy_inode = bdev_destroy_inode,
 	.drop_inode = generic_delete_inode,
 	.evict_inode = bdev_evict_inode,
 };
@@ -870,34 +877,51 @@ void __init bdev_cache_init(void)
 	blockdev_superblock = bd_mnt->mnt_sb;   /* For writeback */
 }
 
-static struct block_device *bdget(dev_t dev)
+struct block_device *bdev_alloc(struct gendisk *disk, u8 partno)
 {
 	struct block_device *bdev;
 	struct inode *inode;
 
-	inode = iget_locked(blockdev_superblock, dev);
+	inode = new_inode(blockdev_superblock);
 	if (!inode)
 		return NULL;
 
-	bdev = &BDEV_I(inode)->bdev;
+	bdev = I_BDEV(inode);
+	spin_lock_init(&bdev->bd_size_lock);
+	bdev->bd_disk = disk;
+	bdev->bd_partno = partno;
+	bdev->bd_contains = NULL;
+	bdev->bd_super = NULL;
+	bdev->bd_inode = inode;
+	bdev->bd_part_count = 0;
+
+	inode->i_mode = S_IFBLK;
+	inode->i_rdev = 0;
+	inode->i_bdev = bdev;
+	inode->i_data.a_ops = &def_blk_aops;
 
-	if (inode->i_state & I_NEW) {
-		spin_lock_init(&bdev->bd_size_lock);
-		bdev->bd_contains = NULL;
-		bdev->bd_super = NULL;
-		bdev->bd_inode = inode;
-		bdev->bd_part_count = 0;
-		bdev->bd_dev = dev;
-		inode->i_mode = S_IFBLK;
-		inode->i_rdev = dev;
-		inode->i_bdev = bdev;
-		inode->i_data.a_ops = &def_blk_aops;
-		mapping_set_gfp_mask(&inode->i_data, GFP_USER);
-		unlock_new_inode(inode);
-	}
 	return bdev;
 }
 
+void bdev_add(struct block_device *bdev, dev_t dev)
+{
+	bdev->bd_dev = dev;
+	get_device(disk_to_dev(bdev->bd_disk));
+	bdev->bd_inode->i_rdev = dev;
+	bdev->bd_inode->i_ino = dev;
+	insert_inode_hash(bdev->bd_inode);
+}
+
+struct block_device *bdget(dev_t dev)
+{
+	struct inode *inode;
+
+	inode = ilookup(blockdev_superblock, dev);
+	if (!inode)
+		return NULL;
+	return &BDEV_I(inode)->bdev;
+}
+
 /**
  * bdgrab -- Grab a reference to an already referenced block device
  * @bdev:	Block device to grab a reference to.
@@ -957,6 +981,10 @@ static struct block_device *bd_acquire(struct inode *inode)
 		bd_forget(inode);
 
 	bdev = bdget(inode->i_rdev);
+	if (!bdev) {
+		blk_request_module(inode->i_rdev);
+		bdev = bdget(inode->i_rdev);
+	}
 	if (bdev) {
 		spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
 		if (!inode->i_bdev) {
@@ -1067,27 +1095,6 @@ int bd_prepare_to_claim(struct block_device *bdev, struct block_device *whole,
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bd_prepare_to_claim); /* only for the loop driver */
 
-static struct gendisk *bdev_get_gendisk(struct block_device *bdev, int *partno)
-{
-	struct gendisk *disk = get_gendisk(bdev->bd_dev, partno);
-
-	if (!disk)
-		return NULL;
-	/*
-	 * Now that we hold gendisk reference we make sure bdev we looked up is
-	 * not stale. If it is, it means device got removed and created before
-	 * we looked up gendisk and we fail open in such case. Associating
-	 * unhashed bdev with newly created gendisk could lead to two bdevs
-	 * (and thus two independent caches) being associated with one device
-	 * which is bad.
-	 */
-	if (inode_unhashed(bdev->bd_inode)) {
-		put_disk_and_module(disk);
-		return NULL;
-	}
-	return disk;
-}
-
 static void bd_clear_claiming(struct block_device *whole, void *holder)
 {
 	lockdep_assert_held(&bdev_lock);
@@ -1404,6 +1411,24 @@ int bdev_disk_changed(struct block_device *bdev, bool invalidate)
  */
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bdev_disk_changed);
 
+/*
+ * Synchronize with del_gendisk() to not return a disk that is being destroyed.
+ * Callers needs to drop the reference on disk->fops->owner.
+ */
+static int bdev_get_gendisk(struct gendisk *disk)
+{
+	down_read(&disk->lookup_sem);
+	if ((disk->flags & (GENHD_FL_HIDDEN | GENHD_FL_UP)) != GENHD_FL_UP)
+		goto out_unlock;
+	if (disk->fops->owner && !try_module_get(disk->fops->owner))
+		goto out_unlock;
+	up_read(&disk->lookup_sem);
+	return 0;
+out_unlock:
+	up_read(&disk->lookup_sem);
+	return -ENXIO;
+}
+
 /*
  * bd_mutex locking:
  *
@@ -1415,19 +1440,17 @@ static int __blkdev_get(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, void *holder,
 		int for_part)
 {
 	struct block_device *whole = NULL, *claiming = NULL;
-	struct gendisk *disk;
+	struct gendisk *disk = bdev->bd_disk;
 	int ret;
-	int partno;
 	bool first_open = false, unblock_events = true, need_restart;
 
  restart:
 	need_restart = false;
-	ret = -ENXIO;
-	disk = bdev_get_gendisk(bdev, &partno);
-	if (!disk)
+	ret = bdev_get_gendisk(bdev->bd_disk);
+	if (ret)
 		goto out;
 
-	if (partno) {
+	if (bdev->bd_partno) {
 		whole = bdget_disk(disk, 0);
 		if (!whole) {
 			ret = -ENOMEM;
@@ -1450,13 +1473,11 @@ static int __blkdev_get(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, void *holder,
 	mutex_lock_nested(&bdev->bd_mutex, for_part);
 	if (!bdev->bd_openers) {
 		first_open = true;
-		bdev->bd_disk = disk;
 		bdev->bd_contains = bdev;
-		bdev->bd_partno = partno;
 
-		if (!partno) {
+		if (!bdev->bd_partno) {
 			ret = -ENXIO;
-			bdev->bd_part = disk_get_part(disk, partno);
+			bdev->bd_part = disk_get_part(disk, 0);
 			if (!bdev->bd_part)
 				goto out_clear;
 
@@ -1494,7 +1515,7 @@ static int __blkdev_get(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, void *holder,
 			if (ret)
 				goto out_clear;
 			bdev->bd_contains = bdgrab(whole);
-			bdev->bd_part = disk_get_part(disk, partno);
+			bdev->bd_part = disk_get_part(disk, bdev->bd_partno);
 			if (!(disk->flags & GENHD_FL_UP) ||
 			    !bdev->bd_part || !bdev->bd_part->nr_sects) {
 				ret = -ENXIO;
@@ -1541,16 +1562,15 @@ static int __blkdev_get(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, void *holder,
 	if (unblock_events)
 		disk_unblock_events(disk);
 
-	/* only one opener holds refs to the module and disk */
+	/* only one opener holds the module reference */
 	if (!first_open)
-		put_disk_and_module(disk);
+		module_put(disk->fops->owner);
 	if (whole)
 		bdput(whole);
 	return 0;
 
  out_clear:
 	disk_put_part(bdev->bd_part);
-	bdev->bd_disk = NULL;
 	bdev->bd_part = NULL;
 	if (bdev != bdev->bd_contains)
 		__blkdev_put(bdev->bd_contains, mode, 1);
@@ -1564,7 +1584,7 @@ static int __blkdev_get(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, void *holder,
  	if (whole)
 		bdput(whole);
  out_put_disk:
-	put_disk_and_module(disk);
+	module_put(disk->fops->owner);
 	if (need_restart)
 		goto restart;
  out:
@@ -1680,6 +1700,10 @@ struct block_device *blkdev_get_by_dev(dev_t dev, fmode_t mode, void *holder)
 	int err;
 
 	bdev = bdget(dev);
+	if (!bdev) {
+		blk_request_module(dev);
+		bdev = bdget(dev);
+	}
 	if (!bdev)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 
@@ -1755,12 +1779,11 @@ static void __blkdev_put(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, int for_part)
 	if (!bdev->bd_openers) {
 		disk_put_part(bdev->bd_part);
 		bdev->bd_part = NULL;
-		bdev->bd_disk = NULL;
 		if (bdev != bdev->bd_contains)
 			victim = bdev->bd_contains;
 		bdev->bd_contains = NULL;
 
-		put_disk_and_module(disk);
+		module_put(disk->fops->owner);
 	}
 	mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
 	bdput(bdev);
diff --git a/include/linux/blk-cgroup.h b/include/linux/blk-cgroup.h
index c8fc9792ac776d..064f14daedebca 100644
--- a/include/linux/blk-cgroup.h
+++ b/include/linux/blk-cgroup.h
@@ -197,12 +197,12 @@ void blkcg_print_blkgs(struct seq_file *sf, struct blkcg *blkcg,
 u64 __blkg_prfill_u64(struct seq_file *sf, struct blkg_policy_data *pd, u64 v);
 
 struct blkg_conf_ctx {
-	struct gendisk			*disk;
+	struct block_device		*bdev;
 	struct blkcg_gq			*blkg;
 	char				*body;
 };
 
-struct gendisk *blkcg_conf_get_disk(char **inputp);
+struct block_device *blkcg_conf_get_bdev(char **inputp);
 int blkg_conf_prep(struct blkcg *blkcg, const struct blkcg_policy *pol,
 		   char *input, struct blkg_conf_ctx *ctx);
 void blkg_conf_finish(struct blkg_conf_ctx *ctx);
diff --git a/include/linux/blkdev.h b/include/linux/blkdev.h
index 05b346a68c2eee..044d9dd159d882 100644
--- a/include/linux/blkdev.h
+++ b/include/linux/blkdev.h
@@ -1994,6 +1994,9 @@ void bd_abort_claiming(struct block_device *bdev, struct block_device *whole,
 		void *holder);
 void blkdev_put(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode);
 
+struct block_device *bdev_alloc(struct gendisk *disk, u8 partno);
+void bdev_add(struct block_device *bdev, dev_t dev);
+struct block_device *bdget(dev_t dev);
 struct block_device *I_BDEV(struct inode *inode);
 struct block_device *bdget_part(struct hd_struct *part);
 struct block_device *bdgrab(struct block_device *bdev);
diff --git a/include/linux/genhd.h b/include/linux/genhd.h
index ca5e356084c353..ab5fca99764e7a 100644
--- a/include/linux/genhd.h
+++ b/include/linux/genhd.h
@@ -65,6 +65,7 @@ struct hd_struct {
 	struct disk_stats __percpu *dkstats;
 	struct percpu_ref ref;
 
+	struct block_device *bdev;
 	struct device __dev;
 	struct kobject *holder_dir;
 	int policy, partno;
@@ -300,7 +301,6 @@ static inline void add_disk_no_queue_reg(struct gendisk *disk)
 }
 
 extern void del_gendisk(struct gendisk *gp);
-extern struct gendisk *get_gendisk(dev_t dev, int *partno);
 extern struct block_device *bdget_disk(struct gendisk *disk, int partno);
 
 extern void set_disk_ro(struct gendisk *disk, int flag);
@@ -338,7 +338,6 @@ int blk_drop_partitions(struct block_device *bdev);
 
 extern struct gendisk *__alloc_disk_node(int minors, int node_id);
 extern void put_disk(struct gendisk *disk);
-extern void put_disk_and_module(struct gendisk *disk);
 
 #define alloc_disk_node(minors, node_id)				\
 ({									\
@@ -389,6 +388,7 @@ static inline void bd_unlink_disk_holder(struct block_device *bdev,
 #endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */
 
 dev_t blk_lookup_devt(const char *name, int partno);
+void blk_request_module(dev_t devt);
 #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
 void printk_all_partitions(void);
 #else /* CONFIG_BLOCK */
-- 
2.29.2


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 113+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-11-16 14:56 cleanup updating the size of block devices v3 Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:56 ` [PATCH 01/78] block: remove the call to __invalidate_device in check_disk_size_change Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:56 ` [PATCH 02/78] loop: let set_capacity_revalidate_and_notify update the bdev size Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:56 ` [PATCH 03/78] nvme: " Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:56 ` [PATCH 04/78] sd: update the bdev size in sd_revalidate_disk Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:56 ` [PATCH 05/78] block: remove the update_bdev parameter to set_capacity_revalidate_and_notify Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:56 ` [PATCH 06/78] nbd: remove the call to set_blocksize Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:56 ` [PATCH 07/78] nbd: move the task_recv check into nbd_size_update Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:56 ` [PATCH 08/78] nbd: refactor size updates Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 09/78] nbd: validate the block size in nbd_set_size Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 10/78] nbd: use set_capacity_and_notify Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 11/78] aoe: don't call set_capacity from irq context Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 12/78] dm: use set_capacity_and_notify Christoph Hellwig
2021-02-12 15:45   ` Mike Snitzer
2021-02-16 11:46     ` Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 13/78] pktcdvd: " Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 14/78] nvme: use set_capacity_and_notify in nvme_set_queue_dying Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 15/78] drbd: use set_capacity_and_notify Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 16/78] rbd: " Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 17/78] rnbd: " Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 18/78] zram: " Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 19/78] dm-raid: " Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 20/78] md: " Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 21/78] md: remove a spurious call to revalidate_disk_size in update_size Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 22/78] virtio-blk: remove a spurious call to revalidate_disk_size Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 23/78] block: unexport revalidate_disk_size Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 24/78] mtd_blkdevs: don't override BLKFLSBUF Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 25/78] block: don't call into the driver for BLKFLSBUF Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 26/78] block: add a new set_read_only method Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 27/78] rbd: implement ->set_read_only to hook into BLKROSET processing Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 28/78] md: " Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 17:37   ` Song Liu
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 29/78] dasd: " Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 30/78] block: don't call into the driver for BLKROSET Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:19   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 31/78] loop: use set_disk_ro Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:20   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 32/78] block: remove set_device_ro Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:20   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 33/78] block: remove __blkdev_driver_ioctl Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:22   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 34/78] block: propagate BLKROSET to all partitions Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:23   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 35/78] block: cleanup del_gendisk a bit Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 36/78] block: open code kobj_map into in block/genhd.c Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 37/78] block: split block_class_lock Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 38/78] block: rework requesting modules for unclaimed devices Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 39/78] block: add an optional probe callback to major_names Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 40/78] ide: remove ide_{,un}register_region Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 41/78] swim: don't call blk_register_region Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 42/78] sd: use __register_blkdev to avoid a modprobe for an unregistered dev_t Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 43/78] brd: use __register_blkdev to allocate devices on demand Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 44/78] loop: " Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 45/78] md: " Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 46/78] ide: switch to __register_blkdev for command set probing Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 47/78] floppy: use a separate gendisk for each media format Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 48/78] amiflop: use separate gendisks for Amiga vs MS-DOS mode Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 49/78] ataflop: use a separate gendisk for each media format Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 50/78] z2ram: reindent Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 51/78] z2ram: use separate gendisk for the different modes Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 52/78] block: switch gendisk lookup to a simple xarray Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 53/78] blk-cgroup: fix a hd_struct leak in blkcg_fill_root_iostats Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:25   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 54/78] block: remove a duplicate __disk_get_part prototype Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:25   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 55/78] block: change the hash used for looking up block devices Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:26   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 56/78] init: refactor name_to_dev_t Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:31   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 57/78] init: refactor devt_from_partuuid Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:33   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 58/78] init: cleanup match_dev_by_uuid and match_dev_by_label Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:34   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 59/78] mtip32xx: remove the call to fsync_bdev on removal Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:35   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 60/78] zram: remove the claim mechanism Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:37   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-26  1:11   ` Minchan Kim
2020-11-26  9:59     ` Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 61/78] zram: do not call set_blocksize Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:38   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-26  1:16   ` Minchan Kim
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 62/78] loop: " Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:38   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 63/78] bcache: remove a superflous lookup_bdev all Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 64/78] dm: simplify flush_bio initialization in __send_empty_flush Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:41   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 65/78] dm: remove the block_device reference in struct mapped_device Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:43   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` Christoph Hellwig [this message]
2020-11-20  7:50   ` [PATCH 66/78] block: keep a block_device reference for each hd_struct Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 67/78] block: simplify the block device claiming interface Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:51   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:57 ` [PATCH 68/78] block: remove ->bd_contains Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:52   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:58 ` [PATCH 69/78] block: remove the nr_sects field in struct hd_struct Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:55   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:58 ` [PATCH 70/78] block: replace bd_mutex with a per-gendisk mutex Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:58   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:58 ` [PATCH 71/78] block: add a bdev_kobj helper Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:59   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:58 ` [PATCH 72/78] block: use disk_part_iter_exit in disk_part_iter_next Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  7:59   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:58 ` [PATCH 73/78] block: use put_device in put_disk Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  8:02   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:58 ` [PATCH 74/78] block: merge struct block_device and struct hd_struct Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-20  8:58   ` Hannes Reinecke
2020-11-16 14:58 ` [PATCH 75/78] block: stop using bdget_disk for partition 0 Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:58 ` [PATCH 76/78] filemap: use ->f_mapping over ->i_mapping consistently Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:58 ` [PATCH 77/78] fs: simplify the get_super_thawed interface Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 14:58 ` [PATCH 78/78] block: remove i_bdev Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 15:05 ` cleanup updating the size of block devices v3 Christoph Hellwig
2020-11-16 15:40 ` Jens Axboe

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Linux-Raid Archives on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/linux-raid/0 linux-raid/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 linux-raid linux-raid/ https://lore.kernel.org/linux-raid \
		linux-raid@vger.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index linux-raid

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.linux-raid


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git