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From: Jeff Layton <jlayton@kernel.org>
To: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>,
	linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org, linux-xfs@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-ext4@vger.kernel.org, linux-rdma@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org,
	linux-mm@kvack.org
Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>, Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>,
	Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>, John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>,
	Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>,
	Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
Subject: Re: Lease semantic proposal
Date: Mon, 23 Sep 2019 16:17:59 -0400
Message-ID: <5d5a93637934867e1b3352763da8e3d9f9e6d683.camel@kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190923190853.GA3781@iweiny-DESK2.sc.intel.com>

On Mon, 2019-09-23 at 12:08 -0700, Ira Weiny wrote:
> Since the last RFC patch set[1] much of the discussion of supporting RDMA with
> FS DAX has been around the semantics of the lease mechanism.[2]  Within that
> thread it was suggested I try and write some documentation and/or tests for the
> new mechanism being proposed.  I have created a foundation to test lease
> functionality within xfstests.[3] This should be close to being accepted.
> Before writing additional lease tests, or changing lots of kernel code, this
> email presents documentation for the new proposed "layout lease" semantic.
> 
> At Linux Plumbers[4] just over a week ago, I presented the current state of the
> patch set and the outstanding issues.  Based on the discussion there, well as
> follow up emails, I propose the following addition to the fcntl() man page.
> 
> Thank you,
> Ira
> 
> [1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/8/9/1043
> [2] https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/8/9/1062
> [3] https://www.spinics.net/lists/fstests/msg12620.html
> [4] https://linuxplumbersconf.org/event/4/contributions/368/
> 
> 

Thank you so much for doing this, Ira. This allows us to debate the
user-visible behavior semantics without getting bogged down in the
implementation details. More comments below:

> <fcntl man page addition>
> Layout Leases
> -------------
> 
> Layout (F_LAYOUT) leases are special leases which can be used to control and/or
> be informed about the manipulation of the underlying layout of a file.
> 
> A layout is defined as the logical file block -> physical file block mapping
> including the file size and sharing of physical blocks among files.  Note that
> the unwritten state of a block is not considered part of file layout.
> 
> **Read layout lease F_RDLCK | F_LAYOUT**
> 
> Read layout leases can be used to be informed of layout changes by the
> system or other users.  This lease is similar to the standard read (F_RDLCK)
> lease in that any attempt to change the _layout_ of the file will be reported to
> the process through the lease break process.  But this lease is different
> because the file can be opened for write and data can be read and/or written to
> the file as long as the underlying layout of the file does not change.
> Therefore, the lease is not broken if the file is simply open for write, but
> _may_ be broken if an operation such as, truncate(), fallocate() or write()
> results in changing the underlying layout.
> 
> **Write layout lease (F_WRLCK | F_LAYOUT)**
> 
> Write Layout leases can be used to break read layout leases to indicate that
> the process intends to change the underlying layout lease of the file.
> 
> A process which has taken a write layout lease has exclusive ownership of the
> file layout and can modify that layout as long as the lease is held.
> Operations which change the layout are allowed by that process.  But operations
> from other file descriptors which attempt to change the layout will break the
> lease through the standard lease break process.  The F_LAYOUT flag is used to
> indicate a difference between a regular F_WRLCK and F_WRLCK with F_LAYOUT.  In
> the F_LAYOUT case opens for write do not break the lease.  But some operations,
> if they change the underlying layout, may.
> 
> The distinction between read layout leases and write layout leases is that
> write layout leases can change the layout without breaking the lease within the
> owning process.  This is useful to guarantee a layout prior to specifying the
> unbreakable flag described below.
> 
> 

The above sounds totally reasonable. You're essentially exposing the
behavior of nfsd's layout leases to userland. To be clear, will F_LAYOUT
leases work the same way as "normal" leases, wrt signals and timeouts?

I do wonder if we're better off not trying to "or" in flags for this,
and instead have a separate set of commands (maybe F_RDLAYOUT,
F_WRLAYOUT, F_UNLAYOUT). Maybe I'm just bikeshedding though -- I don't
feel terribly strongly about it.

Also, at least in NFSv4, layouts are handed out for a particular byte
range in a file. Should we consider doing this with an API that allows
for that in the future? Is this something that would be desirable for
your RDMA+DAX use-cases?

We could add a new F_SETLEASE variant that takes a struct with a byte
range (something like struct flock).

> **Unbreakable Layout Leases (F_UNBREAK)**
> 
> In order to support pinning of file pages by direct user space users an
> unbreakable flag (F_UNBREAK) can be used to modify the read and write layout
> lease.  When specified, F_UNBREAK indicates that any user attempting to break
> the lease will fail with ETXTBUSY rather than follow the normal breaking
> procedure.
> 
> Both read and write layout leases can have the unbreakable flag (F_UNBREAK)
> specified.  The difference between an unbreakable read layout lease and an
> unbreakable write layout lease are that an unbreakable read layout lease is
> _not_ exclusive.  This means that once a layout is established on a file,
> multiple unbreakable read layout leases can be taken by multiple processes and
> used to pin the underlying pages of that file.
> 
> Care must therefore be taken to ensure that the layout of the file is as the
> user wants prior to using the unbreakable read layout lease.  A safe mechanism
> to do this would be to take a write layout lease and use fallocate() to set the
> layout of the file.  The layout lease can then be "downgraded" to unbreakable
> read layout as long as no other user broke the write layout lease.
> 

Will userland require any special privileges in order to set an
F_UNBREAK lease? This seems like something that could be used for DoS. I
assume that these will never time out.

How will we deal with the case where something is is squatting on an
F_UNBREAK lease and isn't letting it go?

Leases are technically "owned" by the file description -- we can't
necessarily trace it back to a single task in a threaded program. The
kernel task that set the lease may have exited by the time we go
looking.

Will we be content trying to determine this using /proc/locks+lsof, etc,
or will we need something better?

> </fcntl man page addition>

-- 
Jeff Layton <jlayton@kernel.org>


  reply index

Thread overview: 18+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-09-23 19:08 Ira Weiny
2019-09-23 20:17 ` Jeff Layton [this message]
2019-10-01 18:17   ` Ira Weiny
2019-10-02 12:28     ` Jeff Layton
2019-10-02 19:27       ` bfields
2019-10-02 20:35         ` Jeff Layton
2019-10-03  8:43           ` Jan Kara
2019-10-03 15:37           ` J. Bruce Fields
2019-10-03  9:01     ` Jan Kara
2019-10-03 17:05       ` Ira Weiny
2019-09-23 22:26 ` Dave Chinner
2019-09-25 23:46   ` Ira Weiny
2019-09-26 11:29     ` Jeff Layton
2019-09-30  8:42     ` Dave Chinner
2019-10-01 21:01       ` Ira Weiny
2019-10-02 13:07         ` Dan Williams
2019-10-10 10:39         ` Dave Chinner
2019-10-04  7:51       ` Jan Kara

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