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From: Aurelien Jarno <aurelien@aurel32.net>
To: Atish Patra <Atish.Patra@wdc.com>
Cc: "david.abdurachmanov@sifive.com" <david.abdurachmanov@sifive.com>,
	"linux-riscv@lists.infradead.org"
	<linux-riscv@lists.infradead.org>
Subject: Re: Fail to bring hart online on HiFive Unleashed
Date: Thu, 10 Oct 2019 21:58:51 +0200
Message-ID: <20191010195851.GA10676@aurel32.net> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <dbdd3d63186abb230840b6e8698358afc01a62cb.camel@wdc.com>

On 2019-10-09 01:34, Atish Patra wrote:
> On Tue, 2019-10-08 at 08:33 +0200, Aurelien Jarno wrote:
> > Le 8 octobre 2019 08:14:58 GMT+02:00, David Abdurachmanov <
> > david.abdurachmanov@sifive.com> a écrit :
> > > On Tue, Oct 8, 2019 at 7:30 AM Aurelien Jarno <aurelien@aurel32.net
> > > >
> > > wrote:
> > > > On 2019-10-07 22:19, Atish Patra wrote:
> > > > > Thanks for the detailed analysis. Can you please keep me and
> > > > > david
> > > in
> > > > > cc when you report the issue to U-boot ?
> > > > 
> > > > Yep. I have progressed a bit on that, and now I am not convinced
> > > > it's
> > > an
> > > > U-boot issue, it can be a GCC issue.
> > > > 
> > > > Here are the conditions to reproduce the bug:
> > > > - U-boot runs on hart 1, 2 or 3
> > > > - the autoboot process is not interrupted
> > > > - extlinux is used to boot the kernel
> > > > - arch/riscv/lib/bootm.c is compiled with GCC 9 (works fine with
> > > > GCC
> > > 8)
> > > > When the problem happens, the missing hart actually ends its
> > > execution
> > > > in an illegal instruction trap trying to execute the FDT (I only
> > > noticed
> > > > that recently as the message was hidden by the use of
> > > > earlycon=sbi):
> > > > 
> > > > > SiFive FSBL:       2018-03-20
> > > > > HiFive-U serial #: 00000246
> > > > > 
> > > > > OpenSBI v0.4-50-g30f09fb (Oct  6 2019 21:58:05)
> > > > >    ____                    _____ ____ _____
> > > > >   / __ \                  / ____|  _ \_   _|
> > > > >  | |  | |_ __   ___ _ __ | (___ | |_) || |
> > > > >  | |  | | '_ \ / _ \ '_ \ \___ \|  _ < | |
> > > > >  | |__| | |_) |  __/ | | |____) | |_) || |_
> > > > >   \____/| .__/ \___|_| |_|_____/|____/_____|
> > > > >         | |
> > > > >         |_|
> > > > > 
> > > > > Platform Name          : SiFive Freedom U540
> > > > > Platform HART Features : RV64ACDFIMSU
> > > > > Platform Max HARTs     : 5
> > > > > Current Hart           : 2
> > > > > Firmware Base          : 0x80000000
> > > > > Firmware Size          : 104 KB
> > > > > Runtime SBI Version    : 0.2
> > > > > 
> > > > > PMP0: 0x0000000080000000-0x000000008001ffff (A)
> > > > > PMP1: 0x0000000000000000-0x0000007fffffffff (A,R,W,X)
> > > > > 
> > > > > 
> > > > > U-Boot 2019.10-rc4-00037-gdac51e9aaf-dirty (Oct 06 2019 -
> > > > > 21:56:51
> > > +0000)
> > > > > CPU:   rv64imafdc
> > > > > Model: SiFive HiFive Unleashed A00
> > > > > DRAM:  8 GiB
> > > > > 
> > > > > MMC:   spi@10050000:mmc@0: 0
> > > > > In:    serial@10010000
> > > > > Out:   serial@10010000
> > > > > Err:   serial@10010000
> > > > > Net:   eth0: ethernet@10090000
> > > > > Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0
> > > > > switch to partitions #0, OK
> > > > > mmc0 is current device
> > > > > Scanning mmc 0:2...
> > > > > Found /boot/extlinux/extlinux.conf
> > > > > Retrieving file: /boot/extlinux/extlinux.conf
> > > > > 510 bytes read in 5 ms (99.6 KiB/s)
> > > > > U-Boot menu
> > > > > 1:      kernel 5.3.4
> > > > > 2:      Debian GNU/Linux kernel 5.3.0-trunk-riscv64
> > > > > Enter choice: 1
> > > > > 1:      kernel 5.3.4
> > > > > Retrieving file: /boot/vmlinux-5.3.4
> > > > > 9486076 bytes read in 4813 ms (1.9 MiB/s)
> > > > > append: root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 rw console=ttySIF0 rootwait
> > > > > Retrieving file: /boot/hifive-unleashed-a00.dtb
> > > > > 6088 bytes read in 7 ms (848.6 KiB/s)
> > > > > ## Flattened Device Tree blob at 88000000
> > > > >    Booting using the fdt blob at 0x88000000
> > > > >    Using Device Tree in place at 0000000088000000, end
> > > 00000000880047c7
> > > > > Starting kernel ...
> > > > > 
> > > > > exception code: 2 , Illegal instruction , epc  , ra 88000004
> > > 88000000
> > > > > ### ERROR ### Please RESET the board ###
> > > 
> > > I think, that's the same issue I had (or still have) a week ago.
> > > Just reminder that kernel 5.3 introduced a 64-byte header (thus no
> > > need to wrap kernel) at least for Image target. Thus it's booti
> > > that
> > > boots the kernel on U-Boot side.
> > > Thus the 1st instruction of that header is "j 0x40" (to the
> > > beginning
> > > of the actual kernel).  And 88000004 would definitely hold an
> > > illegal
> > > instruction.
> > > 
> > > 0000000000000000 <.data>:
> > > 0:       81a0                    j       0x40
> > > 2:       0000                    unimp
> > > 4:       0000                    unimp
> > > 6:       0100                    nop
> > > [..]
> > 
> > Hmm that's the beginning of the kernel code. The address 88000004
> > actually corresponds to the FDT. So the hart ending up in a trap
> > actually tries to boot the FDT instead of the kernel.
> > 
> 
> Do you see the issue if you manually use bootm instead of extlinux?
> 
> => bootm $kernel_addr_r - $fdt_addr_r
> 
> This is a probably not related as bootm is jumping to wrong location
> for some reason. However, it may be worth a shot as it fixes fdt
> corruption. 

I have just tested, and it doesn't work. On the other hand I have try to
run that manually, and interrupting the boot process usually hides the
problem.

-- 
Aurelien Jarno                          GPG: 4096R/1DDD8C9B
aurelien@aurel32.net                 http://www.aurel32.net

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Thread overview: 24+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-10-03 20:07 Aurelien Jarno
2019-10-03 23:13 ` Atish Patra
2019-10-03 23:16   ` Troy Benjegerdes
2019-10-05 10:25   ` Aurelien Jarno
2019-10-05 10:54     ` Aurelien Jarno
2019-10-06 12:28     ` Aurelien Jarno
2019-10-07 22:19       ` Atish Patra
2019-10-08  4:30         ` Aurelien Jarno
2019-10-08  6:14           ` David Abdurachmanov
2019-10-08  6:33             ` Aurelien Jarno
2019-10-08  7:17               ` Anup Patel
2019-10-08 22:21               ` Troy Benjegerdes
2019-10-10 19:59                 ` Aurelien Jarno
2019-10-11 14:05                   ` David Abdurachmanov
2019-10-09  1:34               ` Atish Patra
2019-10-10 19:58                 ` Aurelien Jarno [this message]
2019-10-15 21:38                   ` Auer, Lukas
2019-10-15 22:22                     ` Aurelien Jarno
2019-10-16 20:49                       ` Auer, Lukas
2019-10-17 15:45                         ` David Abdurachmanov
2019-10-17 20:42                         ` Aurelien Jarno
2019-10-20 18:57                           ` Auer, Lukas
2019-10-08  7:06           ` Anup Patel
2019-10-14  9:23 ` Andreas Schwab

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