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* [PATCH] riscv: set pmp configuration if kernel is running in M-mode
@ 2020-01-09  3:17 Greentime Hu
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: Greentime Hu @ 2020-01-09  3:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To:, greentime, paul.walmsley, palmer, linux-riscv, linux-kernel
  Cc: Greentime Hu

When the kernel is running in S-mode, the expectation is that the
bootloader or SBI layer will configure the PMP to allow the kernel to
access physical memory.  But, when the kernel is running in M-mode and is
started with the ELF "loader", there's probably no bootloader or SBI layer
involved to configure the PMP.  Thus, we need to configure the PMP
ourselves to enable the kernel to access all regions.

Signed-off-by: Greentime Hu <>
 arch/riscv/include/asm/csr.h | 12 ++++++++++++
 arch/riscv/kernel/head.S     |  6 ++++++
 2 files changed, 18 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/csr.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/csr.h
index 0a62d2d68455..0f25e6c4e45c 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/csr.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/csr.h
@@ -72,6 +72,16 @@
+/* PMP configuration */
+#define PMP_R			0x01
+#define PMP_W			0x02
+#define PMP_X			0x04
+#define PMP_A			0x18
+#define PMP_A_TOR		0x08
+#define PMP_A_NA4		0x10
+#define PMP_A_NAPOT		0x18
+#define PMP_L			0x80
 /* symbolic CSR names: */
 #define CSR_CYCLE		0xc00
 #define CSR_TIME		0xc01
@@ -100,6 +110,8 @@
 #define CSR_MCAUSE		0x342
 #define CSR_MTVAL		0x343
 #define CSR_MIP			0x344
+#define CSR_PMPCFG0		0x3a0
+#define CSR_PMPADDR0		0x3b0
 #define CSR_MHARTID		0xf14
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
index 5c8b24bf4e4e..f8f996916c5b 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
@@ -60,6 +60,12 @@ _start_kernel:
 	/* Reset all registers except ra, a0, a1 */
 	call reset_regs
+	/* Setup a PMP to permit access to all of memory. */
+	li a0, -1
+	csrw CSR_PMPADDR0, a0
+	li a0, (PMP_A_NAPOT | PMP_R | PMP_W | PMP_X)
+	csrw CSR_PMPCFG0, a0
 	 * The hartid in a0 is expected later on, and we have no firmware
 	 * to hand it to us.

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2020-01-09  3:17 [PATCH] riscv: set pmp configuration if kernel is running in M-mode Greentime Hu

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