Linux-RISC-V Archive on lore.kernel.org
 help / color / Atom feed
From: Emil Renner Berthing <kernel@esmil.dk>
To: linux-riscv@lists.infradead.org
Cc: "Emil Renner Berthing" <kernel@esmil.dk>,
	"Björn Töpel" <bjorn.topel@gmail.com>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, "Zong Li" <zong@andestech.com>,
	"Luke Nelson" <lukenels@cs.washington.edu>,
	"Palmer Dabbelt" <palmer@dabbelt.com>,
	"Paul Walmsley" <paul.walmsley@sifive.com>,
	"Andreas Schwab" <schwab@suse.de>
Subject: [PATCH v1 1/2] riscv: Avoid unaligned access when relocating modules
Date: Wed, 22 Jul 2020 17:24:21 +0200
Message-ID: <20200722152422.72532-1-kernel@esmil.dk> (raw)

With the C-extension regular 32bit instructions are not
necessarily aligned on 4-byte boundaries. RISC-V instructions
are in fact an ordered list of 16bit native-endian
"parcels", so access the instruction as such.

This should also make the code work in case someone builds
a big-endian RISC-V machine.

Fix rcv -> rvc typo while we're at it.

Signed-off-by: Emil Renner Berthing <kernel@esmil.dk>
---
 arch/riscv/kernel/module.c | 155 +++++++++++++++++++------------------
 1 file changed, 79 insertions(+), 76 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/module.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/module.c
index 104fba889cf7..05b2162d96be 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/module.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/module.c
@@ -13,68 +13,86 @@
 #include <linux/pgtable.h>
 #include <asm/sections.h>
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_32_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location, Elf_Addr v)
+static int riscv_insn_rmw(u8 *location, u32 keep, u32 set)
+{
+	u16 *parcel = (u16 *)location;
+	u32 insn = (u32)parcel[0] | (u32)parcel[1] << 16;
+
+	insn &= keep;
+	insn |= set;
+
+	parcel[0] = insn;
+	parcel[1] = insn >> 16;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int riscv_insn_rvc_rmw(u8 *location, u16 keep, u16 set)
+{
+	u16 *parcel = (u16 *)location;
+
+	*parcel = (*parcel & keep) | set;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int apply_r_riscv_32_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location, Elf_Addr v)
 {
 	if (v != (u32)v) {
 		pr_err("%s: value %016llx out of range for 32-bit field\n",
 		       me->name, (long long)v);
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
-	*location = v;
+	*(u32 *)location = v;
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_64_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location, Elf_Addr v)
+static int apply_r_riscv_64_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location, Elf_Addr v)
 {
 	*(u64 *)location = v;
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_branch_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_branch_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 				     Elf_Addr v)
 {
-	ptrdiff_t offset = (void *)v - (void *)location;
+	ptrdiff_t offset = (u8 *)v - location;
 	u32 imm12 = (offset & 0x1000) << (31 - 12);
 	u32 imm11 = (offset & 0x800) >> (11 - 7);
 	u32 imm10_5 = (offset & 0x7e0) << (30 - 10);
 	u32 imm4_1 = (offset & 0x1e) << (11 - 4);
 
-	*location = (*location & 0x1fff07f) | imm12 | imm11 | imm10_5 | imm4_1;
-	return 0;
+	return riscv_insn_rmw(location, 0x1fff07f, imm12 | imm11 | imm10_5 | imm4_1);
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_jal_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_jal_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 				  Elf_Addr v)
 {
-	ptrdiff_t offset = (void *)v - (void *)location;
+	ptrdiff_t offset = (u8 *)v - location;
 	u32 imm20 = (offset & 0x100000) << (31 - 20);
 	u32 imm19_12 = (offset & 0xff000);
 	u32 imm11 = (offset & 0x800) << (20 - 11);
 	u32 imm10_1 = (offset & 0x7fe) << (30 - 10);
 
-	*location = (*location & 0xfff) | imm20 | imm19_12 | imm11 | imm10_1;
-	return 0;
+	return riscv_insn_rmw(location, 0xfff, imm20 | imm19_12 | imm11 | imm10_1);
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_rcv_branch_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_rvc_branch_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 					 Elf_Addr v)
 {
-	ptrdiff_t offset = (void *)v - (void *)location;
+	ptrdiff_t offset = (u8 *)v - location;
 	u16 imm8 = (offset & 0x100) << (12 - 8);
 	u16 imm7_6 = (offset & 0xc0) >> (6 - 5);
 	u16 imm5 = (offset & 0x20) >> (5 - 2);
 	u16 imm4_3 = (offset & 0x18) << (12 - 5);
 	u16 imm2_1 = (offset & 0x6) << (12 - 10);
 
-	*(u16 *)location = (*(u16 *)location & 0xe383) |
-		    imm8 | imm7_6 | imm5 | imm4_3 | imm2_1;
-	return 0;
+	return riscv_insn_rvc_rmw(location, 0xe383,
+			imm8 | imm7_6 | imm5 | imm4_3 | imm2_1);
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_rvc_jump_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_rvc_jump_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 				       Elf_Addr v)
 {
-	ptrdiff_t offset = (void *)v - (void *)location;
+	ptrdiff_t offset = (u8 *)v - location;
 	u16 imm11 = (offset & 0x800) << (12 - 11);
 	u16 imm10 = (offset & 0x400) >> (10 - 8);
 	u16 imm9_8 = (offset & 0x300) << (12 - 11);
@@ -84,16 +102,14 @@ static int apply_r_riscv_rvc_jump_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
 	u16 imm4 = (offset & 0x10) << (12 - 5);
 	u16 imm3_1 = (offset & 0xe) << (12 - 10);
 
-	*(u16 *)location = (*(u16 *)location & 0xe003) |
-		    imm11 | imm10 | imm9_8 | imm7 | imm6 | imm5 | imm4 | imm3_1;
-	return 0;
+	return riscv_insn_rvc_rmw(location, 0xe003,
+			imm11 | imm10 | imm9_8 | imm7 | imm6 | imm5 | imm4 | imm3_1);
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_pcrel_hi20_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_pcrel_hi20_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 					 Elf_Addr v)
 {
-	ptrdiff_t offset = (void *)v - (void *)location;
-	s32 hi20;
+	ptrdiff_t offset = (u8 *)v - location;
 
 	if (offset != (s32)offset) {
 		pr_err(
@@ -102,23 +118,20 @@ static int apply_r_riscv_pcrel_hi20_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
-	hi20 = (offset + 0x800) & 0xfffff000;
-	*location = (*location & 0xfff) | hi20;
-	return 0;
+	return riscv_insn_rmw(location, 0xfff, (offset + 0x800) & 0xfffff000);
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_pcrel_lo12_i_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_pcrel_lo12_i_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 					   Elf_Addr v)
 {
 	/*
 	 * v is the lo12 value to fill. It is calculated before calling this
 	 * handler.
 	 */
-	*location = (*location & 0xfffff) | ((v & 0xfff) << 20);
-	return 0;
+	return riscv_insn_rmw(location, 0xfffff, (v & 0xfff) << 20);
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_pcrel_lo12_s_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_pcrel_lo12_s_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 					   Elf_Addr v)
 {
 	/*
@@ -128,15 +141,12 @@ static int apply_r_riscv_pcrel_lo12_s_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
 	u32 imm11_5 = (v & 0xfe0) << (31 - 11);
 	u32 imm4_0 = (v & 0x1f) << (11 - 4);
 
-	*location = (*location & 0x1fff07f) | imm11_5 | imm4_0;
-	return 0;
+	return riscv_insn_rmw(location, 0x1fff07f, imm11_5 | imm4_0);
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_hi20_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_hi20_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 				   Elf_Addr v)
 {
-	s32 hi20;
-
 	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CMODEL_MEDLOW)) {
 		pr_err(
 		  "%s: target %016llx can not be addressed by the 32-bit offset from PC = %p\n",
@@ -144,22 +154,20 @@ static int apply_r_riscv_hi20_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
-	hi20 = ((s32)v + 0x800) & 0xfffff000;
-	*location = (*location & 0xfff) | hi20;
-	return 0;
+	return riscv_insn_rmw(location, 0xfff, ((s32)v + 0x800) & 0xfffff000);
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_lo12_i_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_lo12_i_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 				     Elf_Addr v)
 {
 	/* Skip medlow checking because of filtering by HI20 already */
 	s32 hi20 = ((s32)v + 0x800) & 0xfffff000;
 	s32 lo12 = ((s32)v - hi20);
-	*location = (*location & 0xfffff) | ((lo12 & 0xfff) << 20);
-	return 0;
+
+	return riscv_insn_rmw(location, 0xfffff, (lo12 & 0xfff) << 20);
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_lo12_s_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_lo12_s_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 				     Elf_Addr v)
 {
 	/* Skip medlow checking because of filtering by HI20 already */
@@ -167,20 +175,19 @@ static int apply_r_riscv_lo12_s_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
 	s32 lo12 = ((s32)v - hi20);
 	u32 imm11_5 = (lo12 & 0xfe0) << (31 - 11);
 	u32 imm4_0 = (lo12 & 0x1f) << (11 - 4);
-	*location = (*location & 0x1fff07f) | imm11_5 | imm4_0;
-	return 0;
+
+	return riscv_insn_rmw(location, 0x1fff07f, imm11_5 | imm4_0);
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_got_hi20_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_got_hi20_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 				       Elf_Addr v)
 {
-	ptrdiff_t offset = (void *)v - (void *)location;
-	s32 hi20;
+	ptrdiff_t offset = (u8 *)v - location;
 
 	/* Always emit the got entry */
 	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MODULE_SECTIONS)) {
-		offset = module_emit_got_entry(me, v);
-		offset = (void *)offset - (void *)location;
+		unsigned long entry = module_emit_got_entry(me, v);
+		offset = (u8 *)entry - location;
 	} else {
 		pr_err(
 		  "%s: can not generate the GOT entry for symbol = %016llx from PC = %p\n",
@@ -188,23 +195,21 @@ static int apply_r_riscv_got_hi20_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
-	hi20 = (offset + 0x800) & 0xfffff000;
-	*location = (*location & 0xfff) | hi20;
-	return 0;
+	return riscv_insn_rmw(location, 0xfff, (offset + 0x800) & 0xfffff000);
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_call_plt_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_call_plt_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 				       Elf_Addr v)
 {
-	ptrdiff_t offset = (void *)v - (void *)location;
+	ptrdiff_t offset = (u8 *)v - location;
 	s32 fill_v = offset;
 	u32 hi20, lo12;
 
 	if (offset != fill_v) {
 		/* Only emit the plt entry if offset over 32-bit range */
 		if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MODULE_SECTIONS)) {
-			offset = module_emit_plt_entry(me, v);
-			offset = (void *)offset - (void *)location;
+			unsigned long entry = module_emit_plt_entry(me, v);
+			offset = (u8 *)entry - location;
 		} else {
 			pr_err(
 			  "%s: target %016llx can not be addressed by the 32-bit offset from PC = %p\n",
@@ -215,15 +220,14 @@ static int apply_r_riscv_call_plt_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
 
 	hi20 = (offset + 0x800) & 0xfffff000;
 	lo12 = (offset - hi20) & 0xfff;
-	*location = (*location & 0xfff) | hi20;
-	*(location + 1) = (*(location + 1) & 0xfffff) | (lo12 << 20);
-	return 0;
+	riscv_insn_rmw(location, 0xfff, hi20);
+	return riscv_insn_rmw(location + 4, 0xfffff, lo12 << 20);
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_call_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_call_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 				   Elf_Addr v)
 {
-	ptrdiff_t offset = (void *)v - (void *)location;
+	ptrdiff_t offset = (u8 *)v - location;
 	s32 fill_v = offset;
 	u32 hi20, lo12;
 
@@ -236,18 +240,17 @@ static int apply_r_riscv_call_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
 
 	hi20 = (offset + 0x800) & 0xfffff000;
 	lo12 = (offset - hi20) & 0xfff;
-	*location = (*location & 0xfff) | hi20;
-	*(location + 1) = (*(location + 1) & 0xfffff) | (lo12 << 20);
-	return 0;
+	riscv_insn_rmw(location, 0xfff, hi20);
+	return riscv_insn_rmw(location + 4, 0xfffff, lo12 << 20);
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_relax_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_relax_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 				    Elf_Addr v)
 {
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_align_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_align_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 				    Elf_Addr v)
 {
 	pr_err(
@@ -256,41 +259,41 @@ static int apply_r_riscv_align_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
 	return -EINVAL;
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_add32_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_add32_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 				    Elf_Addr v)
 {
 	*(u32 *)location += (u32)v;
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_add64_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_add64_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 				    Elf_Addr v)
 {
 	*(u64 *)location += (u64)v;
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_sub32_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_sub32_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 				    Elf_Addr v)
 {
 	*(u32 *)location -= (u32)v;
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int apply_r_riscv_sub64_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int apply_r_riscv_sub64_rela(struct module *me, u8 *location,
 				    Elf_Addr v)
 {
 	*(u64 *)location -= (u64)v;
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int (*reloc_handlers_rela[]) (struct module *me, u32 *location,
+static int (*reloc_handlers_rela[]) (struct module *me, u8 *location,
 				Elf_Addr v) = {
 	[R_RISCV_32]			= apply_r_riscv_32_rela,
 	[R_RISCV_64]			= apply_r_riscv_64_rela,
 	[R_RISCV_BRANCH]		= apply_r_riscv_branch_rela,
 	[R_RISCV_JAL]			= apply_r_riscv_jal_rela,
-	[R_RISCV_RVC_BRANCH]		= apply_r_riscv_rcv_branch_rela,
+	[R_RISCV_RVC_BRANCH]		= apply_r_riscv_rvc_branch_rela,
 	[R_RISCV_RVC_JUMP]		= apply_r_riscv_rvc_jump_rela,
 	[R_RISCV_PCREL_HI20]		= apply_r_riscv_pcrel_hi20_rela,
 	[R_RISCV_PCREL_LO12_I]		= apply_r_riscv_pcrel_lo12_i_rela,
@@ -314,9 +317,9 @@ int apply_relocate_add(Elf_Shdr *sechdrs, const char *strtab,
 		       struct module *me)
 {
 	Elf_Rela *rel = (void *) sechdrs[relsec].sh_addr;
-	int (*handler)(struct module *me, u32 *location, Elf_Addr v);
+	int (*handler)(struct module *me, u8 *location, Elf_Addr v);
 	Elf_Sym *sym;
-	u32 *location;
+	u8 *location;
 	unsigned int i, type;
 	Elf_Addr v;
 	int res;
@@ -326,7 +329,7 @@ int apply_relocate_add(Elf_Shdr *sechdrs, const char *strtab,
 
 	for (i = 0; i < sechdrs[relsec].sh_size / sizeof(*rel); i++) {
 		/* This is where to make the change */
-		location = (void *)sechdrs[sechdrs[relsec].sh_info].sh_addr
+		location = (u8 *)sechdrs[sechdrs[relsec].sh_info].sh_addr
 			+ rel[i].r_offset;
 		/* This is the symbol it is referring to */
 		sym = (Elf_Sym *)sechdrs[symindex].sh_addr
-- 
2.27.0


_______________________________________________
linux-riscv mailing list
linux-riscv@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-riscv

             reply index

Thread overview: 4+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-07-22 15:24 Emil Renner Berthing [this message]
2020-07-22 15:24 ` [PATCH v1 2/2] riscv: Clean up module relocations Emil Renner Berthing
2020-07-30 18:53   ` Luke Nelson
2020-08-05 17:28     ` Emil Renner Berthing

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=20200722152422.72532-1-kernel@esmil.dk \
    --to=kernel@esmil.dk \
    --cc=bjorn.topel@gmail.com \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-riscv@lists.infradead.org \
    --cc=lukenels@cs.washington.edu \
    --cc=palmer@dabbelt.com \
    --cc=paul.walmsley@sifive.com \
    --cc=schwab@suse.de \
    --cc=zong@andestech.com \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

Linux-RISC-V Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/linux-riscv/0 linux-riscv/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 linux-riscv linux-riscv/ https://lore.kernel.org/linux-riscv \
		linux-riscv@lists.infradead.org
	public-inbox-index linux-riscv

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.infradead.lists.linux-riscv


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git