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From: Nick Kossifidis <mick@ics.forth.gr>
To: linux-riscv@lists.infradead.org, palmer@dabbelt.com
Cc: paul.walmsley@sifive.com, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Nick Kossifidis <mick@ics.forth.gr>
Subject: [PATCH v4 4/5] RISC-V: Add kdump support
Date: Mon, 19 Apr 2021 03:55:38 +0300
Message-ID: <20210419005539.22729-5-mick@ics.forth.gr> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210419005539.22729-1-mick@ics.forth.gr>

This patch adds support for kdump, the kernel will reserve a
region for the crash kernel and jump there on panic. In order
for userspace tools (kexec-tools) to prepare the crash kernel
kexec image, we also need to expose some information on
/proc/iomem for the memory regions used by the kernel and for
the region reserved for crash kernel. Note that on userspace
the device tree is used to determine the system's memory
layout so the "System RAM" on /proc/iomem is ignored.

I tested this on riscv64 qemu and works as expected, you may
test it by triggering a crash through /proc/sysrq_trigger:

echo c > /proc/sysrq_trigger

v4:
 * Re-base on top of "fixes" branch
 * Use CSR_* macros and PMD_SIZE where possible

v3:
 * Move ELF_CORE_COPY_REGS to asm/elf.h instead of uapi/asm/elf.h
 * Set stvec when disabling MMU
 * Minor cleanups and re-base

v2:
 * Properly populate the ioresources tree, so that it can be
   used later on for implementing strict /dev/mem.
 * Minor cleanups and re-base

Signed-off-by: Nick Kossifidis <mick@ics.forth.gr>
---
 arch/riscv/include/asm/elf.h        |  6 +++
 arch/riscv/include/asm/kexec.h      | 19 +++++---
 arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile          |  2 +-
 arch/riscv/kernel/crash_save_regs.S | 56 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/riscv/kernel/kexec_relocate.S  | 68 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 arch/riscv/kernel/machine_kexec.c   | 43 +++++++++--------
 arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c           | 11 ++++-
 arch/riscv/mm/init.c                | 71 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 8 files changed, 249 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/crash_save_regs.S

diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/elf.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/elf.h
index 5c725e1df..f4b490cd0 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/elf.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/elf.h
@@ -81,4 +81,10 @@ extern int arch_setup_additional_pages(struct linux_binprm *bprm,
 	int uses_interp);
 #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */
 
+#define ELF_CORE_COPY_REGS(dest, regs)			\
+do {							\
+	*(struct user_regs_struct *)&(dest) =		\
+		*(struct user_regs_struct *)regs;	\
+} while (0);
+
 #endif /* _ASM_RISCV_ELF_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/kexec.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/kexec.h
index 86e6e4922..1e9541019 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/kexec.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/kexec.h
@@ -23,11 +23,16 @@
 
 #define KEXEC_ARCH KEXEC_ARCH_RISCV
 
+extern void riscv_crash_save_regs(struct pt_regs *newregs);
+
 static inline void
 crash_setup_regs(struct pt_regs *newregs,
 		 struct pt_regs *oldregs)
 {
-	/* Dummy implementation for now */
+	if (oldregs)
+		memcpy(newregs, oldregs, sizeof(struct pt_regs));
+	else
+		riscv_crash_save_regs(newregs);
 }
 
 
@@ -40,10 +45,12 @@ struct kimage_arch {
 const extern unsigned char riscv_kexec_relocate[];
 const extern unsigned int riscv_kexec_relocate_size;
 
-typedef void (*riscv_kexec_do_relocate)(unsigned long first_ind_entry,
-					unsigned long jump_addr,
-					unsigned long fdt_addr,
-					unsigned long hartid,
-					unsigned long va_pa_off);
+typedef void (*riscv_kexec_method)(unsigned long first_ind_entry,
+				   unsigned long jump_addr,
+				   unsigned long fdt_addr,
+				   unsigned long hartid,
+				   unsigned long va_pa_off);
+
+extern riscv_kexec_method riscv_kexec_norelocate;
 
 #endif
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
index 211ef87de..41a1469b2 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += cpu_ops_sbi.o
 endif
 obj-$(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU)	+= cpu-hotplug.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_KGDB)		+= kgdb.o
-obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC)		+= kexec_relocate.o machine_kexec.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC)		+= kexec_relocate.o crash_save_regs.o machine_kexec.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL)	+= jump_label.o
 
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/crash_save_regs.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/crash_save_regs.S
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..7832fb763
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/crash_save_regs.S
@@ -0,0 +1,56 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2020 FORTH-ICS/CARV
+ *  Nick Kossifidis <mick@ics.forth.gr>
+ */
+
+#include <asm/asm.h>    	/* For RISCV_* and REG_* macros */
+#include <asm/csr.h>		/* For CSR_* macros */
+#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>	/* For offsets on pt_regs */
+#include <linux/linkage.h>	/* For SYM_* macros */
+
+.section ".text"
+SYM_CODE_START(riscv_crash_save_regs)
+	REG_S ra,  PT_RA(a0)	/* x1 */
+	REG_S sp,  PT_SP(a0)	/* x2 */
+	REG_S gp,  PT_GP(a0)	/* x3 */
+	REG_S tp,  PT_TP(a0)	/* x4 */
+	REG_S t0,  PT_T0(a0)	/* x5 */
+	REG_S t1,  PT_T1(a0)	/* x6 */
+	REG_S t2,  PT_T2(a0)	/* x7 */
+	REG_S s0,  PT_S0(a0)	/* x8/fp */
+	REG_S s1,  PT_S1(a0)	/* x9 */
+	REG_S a0,  PT_A0(a0)	/* x10 */
+	REG_S a1,  PT_A1(a0)	/* x11 */
+	REG_S a2,  PT_A2(a0)	/* x12 */
+	REG_S a3,  PT_A3(a0)	/* x13 */
+	REG_S a4,  PT_A4(a0)	/* x14 */
+	REG_S a5,  PT_A5(a0)	/* x15 */
+	REG_S a6,  PT_A6(a0)	/* x16 */
+	REG_S a7,  PT_A7(a0)	/* x17 */
+	REG_S s2,  PT_S2(a0)	/* x18 */
+	REG_S s3,  PT_S3(a0)	/* x19 */
+	REG_S s4,  PT_S4(a0)	/* x20 */
+	REG_S s5,  PT_S5(a0)	/* x21 */
+	REG_S s6,  PT_S6(a0)	/* x22 */
+	REG_S s7,  PT_S7(a0)	/* x23 */
+	REG_S s8,  PT_S8(a0)	/* x24 */
+	REG_S s9,  PT_S9(a0)	/* x25 */
+	REG_S s10, PT_S10(a0)	/* x26 */
+	REG_S s11, PT_S11(a0)	/* x27 */
+	REG_S t3,  PT_T3(a0)	/* x28 */
+	REG_S t4,  PT_T4(a0)	/* x29 */
+	REG_S t5,  PT_T5(a0)	/* x30 */
+	REG_S t6,  PT_T6(a0)	/* x31 */
+
+	csrr t1, CSR_STATUS
+	csrr t2, CSR_EPC
+	csrr t3, CSR_TVAL
+	csrr t4, CSR_CAUSE
+
+	REG_S t1, PT_STATUS(a0)
+	REG_S t2, PT_EPC(a0)
+	REG_S t3, PT_BADADDR(a0)
+	REG_S t4, PT_CAUSE(a0)
+	ret
+SYM_CODE_END(riscv_crash_save_regs)
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/kexec_relocate.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/kexec_relocate.S
index 84101d0a2..88c3beabe 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/kexec_relocate.S
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/kexec_relocate.S
@@ -151,7 +151,73 @@ SYM_CODE_START(riscv_kexec_relocate)
 SYM_CODE_END(riscv_kexec_relocate)
 riscv_kexec_relocate_end:
 
-	.section ".rodata"
+
+/* Used for jumping to crashkernel */
+.section ".text"
+SYM_CODE_START(riscv_kexec_norelocate)
+	/*
+	 * s0: (const) Phys address to jump to
+	 * s1: (const) Phys address of the FDT image
+	 * s2: (const) The hartid of the current hart
+	 * s3: (const) va_pa_offset, used when switching MMU off
+	 */
+	mv	s0, a1
+	mv	s1, a2
+	mv	s2, a3
+	mv	s3, a4
+
+	/* Disable / cleanup interrupts */
+	csrw	CSR_SIE, zero
+	csrw	CSR_SIP, zero
+
+	/* Switch to physical addressing */
+	la	s4, 1f
+	sub	s4, s4, s3
+	csrw	CSR_STVEC, s4
+	csrw	CSR_SATP, zero
+
+.align 2
+1:
+	/* Pass the arguments to the next kernel  / Cleanup*/
+	mv	a0, s2
+	mv	a1, s1
+	mv	a2, s0
+
+	/* Cleanup */
+	mv	a3, zero
+	mv	a4, zero
+	mv	a5, zero
+	mv	a6, zero
+	mv	a7, zero
+
+	mv	s0, zero
+	mv	s1, zero
+	mv	s2, zero
+	mv	s3, zero
+	mv	s4, zero
+	mv	s5, zero
+	mv	s6, zero
+	mv	s7, zero
+	mv	s8, zero
+	mv	s9, zero
+	mv	s10, zero
+	mv	s11, zero
+
+	mv	t0, zero
+	mv	t1, zero
+	mv	t2, zero
+	mv	t3, zero
+	mv	t4, zero
+	mv	t5, zero
+	mv	t6, zero
+	csrw	CSR_SEPC, zero
+	csrw	CSR_SCAUSE, zero
+	csrw	CSR_SSCRATCH, zero
+
+	jalr	zero, a2, 0
+SYM_CODE_END(riscv_kexec_norelocate)
+
+.section ".rodata"
 SYM_DATA(riscv_kexec_relocate_size,
 	.long riscv_kexec_relocate_end - riscv_kexec_relocate)
 
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/machine_kexec.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/machine_kexec.c
index cd6803311..51e2671a3 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/machine_kexec.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/machine_kexec.c
@@ -59,11 +59,6 @@ machine_kexec_prepare(struct kimage *image)
 
 	kexec_image_info(image);
 
-	if (image->type == KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH) {
-		pr_warn("Loading a crash kernel is unsupported for now.\n");
-		return -EINVAL;
-	}
-
 	/* Find the Flattened Device Tree and save its physical address */
 	for (i = 0; i < image->nr_segments; i++) {
 		if (image->segment[i].memsz <= sizeof(fdt))
@@ -85,17 +80,21 @@ machine_kexec_prepare(struct kimage *image)
 	}
 
 	/* Copy the assembler code for relocation to the control page */
-	control_code_buffer = page_address(image->control_code_page);
-	control_code_buffer_sz = page_size(image->control_code_page);
-	if (unlikely(riscv_kexec_relocate_size > control_code_buffer_sz)) {
-		pr_err("Relocation code doesn't fit within a control page\n");
-		return -EINVAL;
-	}
-	memcpy(control_code_buffer, riscv_kexec_relocate,
-		riscv_kexec_relocate_size);
+	if (image->type != KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH) {
+		control_code_buffer = page_address(image->control_code_page);
+		control_code_buffer_sz = page_size(image->control_code_page);
 
-	/* Mark the control page executable */
-	set_memory_x((unsigned long) control_code_buffer, 1);
+		if (unlikely(riscv_kexec_relocate_size > control_code_buffer_sz)) {
+			pr_err("Relocation code doesn't fit within a control page\n");
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+
+		memcpy(control_code_buffer, riscv_kexec_relocate,
+			riscv_kexec_relocate_size);
+
+		/* Mark the control page executable */
+		set_memory_x((unsigned long) control_code_buffer, 1);
+	}
 
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -147,6 +146,9 @@ void machine_shutdown(void)
 void
 machine_crash_shutdown(struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
+	crash_save_cpu(regs, smp_processor_id());
+	machine_shutdown();
+	pr_info("Starting crashdump kernel...\n");
 }
 
 /**
@@ -169,7 +171,12 @@ machine_kexec(struct kimage *image)
 	unsigned long this_hart_id = raw_smp_processor_id();
 	unsigned long fdt_addr = internal->fdt_addr;
 	void *control_code_buffer = page_address(image->control_code_page);
-	riscv_kexec_do_relocate do_relocate = control_code_buffer;
+	riscv_kexec_method kexec_method = NULL;
+
+	if (image->type != KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH)
+		kexec_method = control_code_buffer;
+	else
+		kexec_method = (riscv_kexec_method) &riscv_kexec_norelocate;
 
 	pr_notice("Will call new kernel at %08lx from hart id %lx\n",
 		  jump_addr, this_hart_id);
@@ -180,7 +187,7 @@ machine_kexec(struct kimage *image)
 
 	/* Jump to the relocation code */
 	pr_notice("Bye...\n");
-	do_relocate(first_ind_entry, jump_addr, fdt_addr,
-		    this_hart_id, va_pa_offset);
+	kexec_method(first_ind_entry, jump_addr, fdt_addr,
+		     this_hart_id, va_pa_offset);
 	unreachable();
 }
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c
index 030554bab..31866dce9 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
 #include <linux/swiotlb.h>
 #include <linux/smp.h>
 #include <linux/efi.h>
+#include <linux/crash_dump.h>
 
 #include <asm/cpu_ops.h>
 #include <asm/early_ioremap.h>
@@ -160,6 +161,14 @@ static void __init init_resources(void)
 	if (ret < 0)
 		goto error;
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE
+	if (crashk_res.start != crashk_res.end) {
+		ret = add_resource(&iomem_resource, &crashk_res);
+		if (ret < 0)
+			goto error;
+	}
+#endif
+
 	for_each_reserved_mem_region(region) {
 		res = &mem_res[res_idx--];
 
@@ -252,7 +261,6 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 	efi_init();
 	setup_bootmem();
 	paging_init();
-	init_resources();
 #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BUILTIN_DTB)
 	unflatten_and_copy_device_tree();
 #else
@@ -263,6 +271,7 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 #endif
 	misc_mem_init();
 
+	init_resources();
 	sbi_init();
 
 	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX))
diff --git a/arch/riscv/mm/init.c b/arch/riscv/mm/init.c
index 067583ab1..8b2b85a57 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/mm/init.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/mm/init.c
@@ -2,6 +2,8 @@
 /*
  * Copyright (C) 2012 Regents of the University of California
  * Copyright (C) 2019 Western Digital Corporation or its affiliates.
+ * Copyright (C) 2020 FORTH-ICS/CARV
+ *  Nick Kossifidis <mick@ics.forth.gr>
  */
 
 #include <linux/init.h>
@@ -14,6 +16,7 @@
 #include <linux/libfdt.h>
 #include <linux/set_memory.h>
 #include <linux/dma-map-ops.h>
+#include <linux/crash_dump.h>
 
 #include <asm/fixmap.h>
 #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
@@ -585,6 +588,71 @@ void mark_rodata_ro(void)
 }
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE
+/*
+ * reserve_crashkernel() - reserves memory for crash kernel
+ *
+ * This function reserves memory area given in "crashkernel=" kernel command
+ * line parameter. The memory reserved is used by dump capture kernel when
+ * primary kernel is crashing.
+ */
+static void __init reserve_crashkernel(void)
+{
+	unsigned long long crash_base = 0;
+	unsigned long long crash_size = 0;
+	unsigned long search_start = memblock_start_of_DRAM();
+	unsigned long search_end = memblock_end_of_DRAM();
+
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	ret = parse_crashkernel(boot_command_line, memblock_phys_mem_size(),
+				&crash_size, &crash_base);
+	if (ret || !crash_size)
+		return;
+
+	crash_size = PAGE_ALIGN(crash_size);
+
+	if (crash_base == 0) {
+		/*
+		 * Current riscv boot protocol requires 2MB alignment for
+		 * RV64 and 4MB alignment for RV32 (hugepage size)
+		 */
+		crash_base = memblock_find_in_range(search_start, search_end,
+						    crash_size, PMD_SIZE);
+
+		if (crash_base == 0) {
+			pr_warn("crashkernel: couldn't allocate %lldKB\n",
+				crash_size >> 10);
+			return;
+		}
+	} else {
+		/* User specifies base address explicitly. */
+		if (!memblock_is_region_memory(crash_base, crash_size)) {
+			pr_warn("crashkernel: requested region is not memory\n");
+			return;
+		}
+
+		if (memblock_is_region_reserved(crash_base, crash_size)) {
+			pr_warn("crashkernel: requested region is reserved\n");
+			return;
+		}
+
+
+		if (!IS_ALIGNED(crash_base, PMD_SIZE)) {
+			pr_warn("crashkernel: requested region is misaligned\n");
+			return;
+		}
+	}
+	memblock_reserve(crash_base, crash_size);
+
+	pr_info("crashkernel: reserved 0x%016llx - 0x%016llx (%lld MB)\n",
+		crash_base, crash_base + crash_size, crash_size >> 20);
+
+	crashk_res.start = crash_base;
+	crashk_res.end = crash_base + crash_size - 1;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE */
+
 void __init paging_init(void)
 {
 	setup_vm_final();
@@ -596,6 +664,9 @@ void __init misc_mem_init(void)
 	arch_numa_init();
 	sparse_init();
 	zone_sizes_init();
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE
+	reserve_crashkernel();
+#endif
 	memblock_dump_all();
 }
 
-- 
2.26.2


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  parent reply index

Thread overview: 13+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-04-19  0:55 [PATCH v4 0/5] RISC-V: Add kexec/kdump support Nick Kossifidis
2021-04-19  0:55 ` [PATCH v4 1/5] RISC-V: Add EM_RISCV to kexec UAPI header Nick Kossifidis
2021-04-19  0:55 ` [PATCH v4 2/5] RISC-V: Add kexec support Nick Kossifidis
2021-04-19  0:55 ` [PATCH v4 3/5] RISC-V: Improve init_resources Nick Kossifidis
2021-04-19  0:55 ` Nick Kossifidis [this message]
2021-04-19  0:55 ` [PATCH v4 5/5] RISC-V: Add crash kernel support Nick Kossifidis
2021-06-15 13:19   ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2021-06-15 18:29     ` Nick Kossifidis
2021-06-15 18:48       ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2021-06-15 19:21         ` Rob Herring
2021-06-15 23:29           ` Nick Kossifidis
2021-06-16 14:55             ` Rob Herring
2021-06-16 16:30               ` Ard Biesheuvel

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