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From: Alistair Francis <Alistair.Francis@wdc.com>
To: "paul.walmsley@sifive.com" <paul.walmsley@sifive.com>,
	Anup Patel <Anup.Patel@wdc.com>
Cc: "aou@eecs.berkeley.edu" <aou@eecs.berkeley.edu>,
	"palmer@sifive.com" <palmer@sifive.com>,
	"linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"rppt@linux.ibm.com" <rppt@linux.ibm.com>,
	"hch@infradead.org" <hch@infradead.org>,
	Atish Patra <Atish.Patra@wdc.com>,
	"linux-riscv@lists.infradead.org"
	<linux-riscv@lists.infradead.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v5 2/2] RISC-V: Setup initial page tables in two stages
Date: Thu, 15 Aug 2019 18:57:36 +0000
Message-ID: <847fb8c879bbd2c3fd41dc1e428b3217253acebb.camel@wdc.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <alpine.DEB.2.21.9999.1907101703150.3422@viisi.sifive.com>

On Wed, 2019-07-10 at 17:05 -0700, Paul Walmsley wrote:
> On Fri, 7 Jun 2019, Anup Patel wrote:
> 
> > Currently, the setup_vm() does initial page table setup in one-shot
> > very early before enabling MMU. Due to this, the setup_vm() has to
> > map
> > all possible kernel virtual addresses since it does not know size
> > and
> > location of RAM. This means we have kernel mappings for non-
> > existent
> > RAM and any buggy driver (or kernel) code doing out-of-bound access
> > to RAM will not fault and cause underterministic behaviour.
> > 
> > Further, the setup_vm() creates PMD mappings (i.e. 2M mappings) for
> > RV64 systems. This means for PAGE_OFFSET=0xffffffe000000000 (i.e.
> > MAXPHYSMEM_128GB=y), the setup_vm() will require 129 pages (i.e.
> > 516 KB) of memory for initial page tables which is never freed. The
> > memory required for initial page tables will further increase if
> > we chose a lower value of PAGE_OFFSET (e.g. 0xffffff0000000000)
> > 
> > This patch implements two-staged initial page table setup, as
> > follows:
> > 1. Early (i.e. setup_vm()): This stage maps kernel image and DTB in
> > a early page table (i.e. early_pg_dir). The early_pg_dir will be
> > used
> > only by boot HART so it can be freed as-part of init memory free-
> > up.
> > 2. Final (i.e. setup_vm_final()): This stage maps all possible RAM
> > banks in the final page table (i.e. swapper_pg_dir). The boot HART
> > will start using swapper_pg_dir at the end of setup_vm_final(). All
> > non-boot HARTs directly use the swapper_pg_dir created by boot
> > HART.
> > 
> > We have following advantages with this new approach:
> > 1. Kernel mappings for non-existent RAM don't exists anymore.
> > 2. Memory consumed by initial page tables is now indpendent of the
> > chosen PAGE_OFFSET.
> > 3. Memory consumed by initial page tables on RV64 system is 2 pages
> > (i.e. 8 KB) which has significantly reduced and these pages will be
> > freed as-part of the init memory free-up.
> > 
> > The patch also provides a foundation for implementing strict kernel
> > mappings where we protect kernel text and rodata using PTE
> > permissions.
> > 
> > Suggested-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Anup Patel <anup.patel@wdc.com>
> 
> Thanks, updated to apply and to fix a checkpatch warning, and
> queued.  
> 
> This may not make it in for v5.3-rc1; if not, we'll submit it later.

I'm seeing this failure on RV32 which I bisected to this patch:

[    1.820461] systemd[1]: systemd 242-19-gdb2e367+ running in system
mode. (-PAM -AUDIT -SELINUX +IMA -APPARMOR +SMACK +SYSVINIT +UTMP
-LIBCRYPTSETUP -GCRYPT -GNUTLS +ACL +XZ -LZ4 -SECCOMP +BLKID -ELFUTILS
+KMOD -IDN2 -IDN -PCRE2 default-hierarchy=hybrid)
[    1.824320] Unable to handle kernel paging request at virtual
address 9ff00c15
[    1.824973] Oops [#1]
[    1.825162] Modules linked in:
[    1.825536] CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: systemd Not tainted 5.2.0-rc7 #1
[    1.826039] sepc: c05c3c78 ra : c04b5a74 sp : df047ce0
[    1.826514]  gp : c07a1038 tp : df04c000 t0 : 000000fc
[    1.826919]  t1 : 00000002 t2 : 000003ef s0 : df047cf0
[    1.827322]  s1 : df7090f8 a0 : 9ff00c15 a1 : c072166c
[    1.827723]  a2 : 00000000 a3 : 00000001 a4 : 00000001
[    1.828104]  a5 : df6f8138 a6 : 0000002f a7 : de62a000
[    1.828534]  s2 : c072166c s3 : 00000000 s4 : 00000000
[    1.828931]  s5 : c07a2000 s6 : 00400cc0 s7 : 00000400
[    1.829319]  s8 : de491018 s9 : 00000000 s10: fffff000
[    1.829702]  s11: de491030 t3 : de62b000 t4 : 00000000
[    1.830090]  t5 : 00000000 t6 : 00000080
[    1.830392] sstatus: 00000100 sbadaddr: 9ff00c15 scause: 0000000d
[    1.831616] ---[ end trace 49a926a1a5300c00 ]---
[    1.835776] Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill init!
exitcode=0x0000000b
[    1.836575] ---[ end Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill
init! exitcode=0x0000000b ]---

Does anyone else see this?

A simple revert of this patch on 5.3-rc4 fixes the issue for me.

Alistair

> 
> 
> - Paul
> 
> _______________________________________________
> linux-riscv mailing list
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Thread overview: 12+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-06-07  6:01 [PATCH v5 0/2] Two-stagged initial page table setup Anup Patel
2019-06-07  6:01 ` [PATCH v5 1/2] RISC-V: Fix memory reservation in setup_bootmem() Anup Patel
2019-06-28 20:59   ` Paul Walmsley
2019-06-07  6:01 ` [PATCH v5 2/2] RISC-V: Setup initial page tables in two stages Anup Patel
2019-07-11  0:05   ` Paul Walmsley
2019-08-15 18:57     ` Alistair Francis [this message]
2019-08-15 19:07       ` David Abdurachmanov
2019-08-15 20:25         ` Alistair Francis
2019-08-15 20:29         ` Paul Walmsley
2019-08-15 21:32           ` Alistair Francis
2019-08-16  1:05       ` Anup Patel
2019-06-22  4:13 ` [PATCH v5 0/2] Two-stagged initial page table setup Anup Patel

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