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From: Paul Walmsley <>
Cc:, Alexandre Ghiti <>
Subject: [PATCH] riscv: kbuild: add virtual memory system selection
Date: Fri, 26 Jul 2019 13:00:49 -0700 (PDT)	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)

The RISC-V specifications currently define three virtual memory
translation systems: Sv32, Sv39, and Sv48.  Sv32 is currently specific
to 32-bit systems; Sv39 and Sv48 are currently specific to 64-bit
systems.  The current kernel only supports Sv32 and Sv39, but we'd
like to start preparing for Sv48.  As an initial step, allow the
virtual memory translation system to be selected via kbuild, and stop
the build if an option is selected that the kernel doen't currently

This patch currently has no functional impact.

Signed-off-by: Paul Walmsley <>
Cc: Alexandre Ghiti <>
 arch/riscv/Kconfig                  | 43 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-32.h |  4 +++
 arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-64.h |  4 +++
 3 files changed, 51 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/riscv/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
index 59a4727ecd6c..8ef64fe2c2b3 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
@@ -155,6 +155,49 @@ config MODULE_SECTIONS
+	prompt "Virtual Memory System"
+	default RISCV_VM_SV32 if 32BIT
+	default RISCV_VM_SV39 if 64BIT
+	help
+	  The RISC-V Instruction Set Manual Volume II: Privileged
+	  Architecture defines several different "virtual memory
+	  systems" which specify virtual and physical address formats
+	  and the structure of page table entries.  This determines
+	  the amount of virtual address space present and how it is
+	  translated into physical addresses.
+	config RISCV_VM_SV32
+	        depends on 32BIT
+		bool "RISC-V Sv32"
+		help
+		  The Sv32 virtual memory system is a page-based
+		  address and page table format for RV32 systems.
+		  It specifies a translation between 32-bit virtual
+		  addresses and 33-bit physical addresses, via a
+		  two-stage page table layout.
+	config RISCV_VM_SV39
+		depends on 64BIT
+		bool "RISC-V Sv39"
+		help
+		  The Sv39 virtual memory system is a page-based
+		  address and page table format for RV64 systems.
+		  It specifies a translation between 39-bit virtual
+		  addresses and 40-bit physical addresses, via a
+		  three-stage page table layout.
+	config RISCV_VM_SV48
+		depends on 64BIT
+		bool "RISC-V Sv48"
+		help
+		  The Sv48 virtual memory system is a page-based
+		  address and page table format for RV64 systems.
+		  It specifies a translation between 48-bit virtual
+		  addresses and 49-bit physical addresses, via a
+		  four-stage page table layout.
 	prompt "Maximum Physical Memory"
 	default MAXPHYSMEM_2GB if 32BIT
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-32.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-32.h
index b0ab66e5fdb1..86d41a04735b 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-32.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-32.h
@@ -6,6 +6,10 @@
 #ifndef _ASM_RISCV_PGTABLE_32_H
 #define _ASM_RISCV_PGTABLE_32_H
+#if !defined(CONFIG_RISCV_VM_SV32)
+#error Only Sv32 supported
 #include <asm-generic/pgtable-nopmd.h>
 #include <linux/const.h>
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-64.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-64.h
index 74630989006d..86935595115d 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-64.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-64.h
@@ -6,6 +6,10 @@
 #ifndef _ASM_RISCV_PGTABLE_64_H
 #define _ASM_RISCV_PGTABLE_64_H
+#if !defined(CONFIG_RISCV_VM_SV39)
+#error Only Sv39 supported for now
 #include <linux/const.h>
 #define PGDIR_SHIFT     30

linux-riscv mailing list

             reply	other threads:[~2019-07-26 20:00 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 11+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-07-26 20:00 Paul Walmsley [this message]
2019-07-28 13:38 ` [PATCH] riscv: kbuild: add virtual memory system selection Bin Meng
2019-07-31 19:37   ` Paul Walmsley
2019-08-01  8:56     ` Bin Meng
2019-08-02  8:44 ` Christoph Hellwig
2019-08-07  0:02   ` Paul Walmsley
2019-08-07  5:42     ` Christoph Hellwig
2019-08-07  7:04       ` Alexandre Ghiti
2019-08-07 15:12         ` Christoph Hellwig
2019-08-07 16:20           ` Palmer Dabbelt
2019-08-07 16:42         ` Paul Walmsley

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