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From: Bjorn Helgaas <>
To: Kar Hin Ong <>
	Thomas Gleixner <>
Subject: Re: "oneshot" interrupt causes another interrupt to be fired erroneously in Haswell system
Date: Thu, 31 Oct 2019 18:05:32 -0500
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

[+cc Thomas, IRQ maintainer]

On Thu, Oct 31, 2019 at 03:53:50AM +0000, Kar Hin Ong wrote:
> Hi,
> I've an Intel Haswell system running Linux kernel v4.14 with
> preempt_rt patch. The system contain 2 IOAPICs: IOAPIC 1 is on the
> PCH where IOAPIC 2 is on the CPU.
> I observed that whenever a PCI device is firing interrupt (INTx) to
> Pin 20 of IOAPIC 2 (GSI 44); the kernel will receives 2 interrupts: 
>    1. Interrupt from Pin 20 of IOAPIC 2  -> Expected
>    2. Interrupt from Pin 19 of IOAPIC 1  -> UNEXPECTED, erroneously
>       triggered
> The unexpected interrupt is unhandled eventually. When this scenario
> happen more than 99,000 times, kernel disables the interrupt line
> (Pin 19 of IOAPIC 1) and causing device that has requested it become
> malfunction.
> I managed to also reproduced this issue on RHEL 8 and Ubuntu 19-04
> (without preempt_rt patch) after added "threadirqs" to the kernel
> command line.
> After digging further, I noticed that the said issue is happened
> whenever an interrupt pin on IOAPIC 2 is masked:
>  - Masking Pin 20 of IOAPIC 2 triggers Pin 19 of IOAPIC 1  
>  - Masking Pin 22 of IOAPIC 2 triggers Pin 18 of IOAPIC 1  
> I also noticed that kernel will explicitly mask a specific interrupt
> pin before execute its handler, if the interrupt is configured as
> "oneshot" (i.e. threaded). See
> This explained why it only happened on RTOS and Desktop Linux with
> "threadirqs" flag, because these configurations force the interrupt
> handler to be threaded.
> From Intel Xeon Processor E5/E7 v3 Product Family External Design
> Specification (EDS), Volume One: Architecture, section 13.1 (Legacy
> PCI Interrupt Handling), it mention: "If the I/OxAPIC entry is
> masked (via the 'mask' bit in the corresponding Redirection Table
> Entry), then the corresponding PCI Express interrupt(s) is forwarded
> to the legacy PCH"
> My interpretation is: when kernel receive a "oneshot" interrupt, it
> mask the line before start handling it (or sending the eoi signal).
> At this moment, if the interrupt line is still asserting, then the
> interrupt signal will be routed to the IOAPIC in PCH, and hence
> causing another interrupt to be fired erroneously.  
> I would like to understand if my interpretation is make sense. If
> yes, should the "oneshot" algorithm need to be updated to support
> Haswell system?

Just to make sure this hasn't already been fixed, can you reproduce
the problem on a current kernel, e.g., v5.3 or v5.4-rc5?


  reply index

Thread overview: 5+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-10-31  3:53 Kar Hin Ong
2019-10-31 23:05 ` Bjorn Helgaas [this message]
2019-11-01  7:46   ` Kar Hin Ong
2019-11-04 23:41   ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-07  9:38     ` Kar Hin Ong

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