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* [PATCH V5] scsi: core: avoid host-wide host_busy counter for scsi_mq
@ 2019-10-25  6:58 Ming Lei
  2019-10-31  2:25 ` Ming Lei
                   ` (3 more replies)
  0 siblings, 4 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Ming Lei @ 2019-10-25  6:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-scsi, Martin K . Petersen
  Cc: James Bottomley, Ming Lei, Jens Axboe, Ewan D . Milne,
	Omar Sandoval, James Bottomley, Christoph Hellwig, Kashyap Desai,
	Hannes Reinecke, Laurence Oberman, Bart Van Assche

It isn't necessary to check the host depth in scsi_queue_rq() any more
since it has been respected by blk-mq before calling scsi_queue_rq() via
getting driver tag.

Lots of LUNs may attach to same host and per-host IOPS may reach millions,
so we should avoid expensive atomic operations on the host-wide counter in
the IO path.

This patch implements scsi_host_busy() via blk_mq_tagset_busy_iter()
with one scsi command state for reading the count of busy IOs for scsi_mq.

It is observed that IOPS is increased by 15% in IO test on scsi_debug (32
LUNs, 32 submit queues, 1024 can_queue, libaio/dio) in a dual-socket
system.

V5:
	- fix document on .can_queue, no code change

V4:
        - fix one build waring, just a line change in scsi_dev_queue_ready()

V3:
        - use non-atomic set/clear bit operations as suggested by Bart
        - kill single field struct for storing count of in-flight requests
        - add patch to bypass the atomic LUN-wide counter of device_busy
        for fast SSD device

V2:
	- introduce SCMD_STATE_INFLIGHT for getting accurate host busy
	via blk_mq_tagset_busy_iter()
	- verified that original Jens's report[1] is fixed
	- verified that SCSI timeout/abort works fine

[1] https://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-scsi/msg122867.html
[2] V1 & its revert:

d772a65d8a6c Revert "scsi: core: avoid host-wide host_busy counter for scsi_mq"
23aa8e69f2c6 Revert "scsi: core: fix scsi_host_queue_ready"
265d59aacbce scsi: core: fix scsi_host_queue_ready
328728630d9f scsi: core: avoid host-wide host_busy counter for scsi_mq

Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Ewan D. Milne <emilne@redhat.com>
Cc: Omar Sandoval <osandov@fb.com>,
Cc: "Martin K. Petersen" <martin.petersen@oracle.com>,
Cc: James Bottomley <james.bottomley@hansenpartnership.com>,
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>,
Cc: Kashyap Desai <kashyap.desai@broadcom.com>
Cc: Hannes Reinecke <hare@suse.de>
Cc: Laurence Oberman <loberman@redhat.com>
Cc: Bart Van Assche <bart.vanassche@wdc.com>
Reviewed-by: Bart Van Assche <bart.vanassche@wdc.com>
Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@redhat.com>
---
 drivers/scsi/hosts.c     | 19 ++++++++++++++++-
 drivers/scsi/scsi.c      |  2 +-
 drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c  | 45 ++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
 drivers/scsi/scsi_priv.h |  2 +-
 include/scsi/scsi_cmnd.h |  1 +
 include/scsi/scsi_host.h |  3 +--
 6 files changed, 44 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/scsi/hosts.c b/drivers/scsi/hosts.c
index 55522b7162d3..1d669e47b692 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/hosts.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/hosts.c
@@ -38,6 +38,7 @@
 #include <scsi/scsi_device.h>
 #include <scsi/scsi_host.h>
 #include <scsi/scsi_transport.h>
+#include <scsi/scsi_cmnd.h>
 
 #include "scsi_priv.h"
 #include "scsi_logging.h"
@@ -554,13 +555,29 @@ struct Scsi_Host *scsi_host_get(struct Scsi_Host *shost)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(scsi_host_get);
 
+static bool scsi_host_check_in_flight(struct request *rq, void *data,
+				      bool reserved)
+{
+	int *count = data;
+	struct scsi_cmnd *cmd = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(rq);
+
+	if (test_bit(SCMD_STATE_INFLIGHT, &cmd->state))
+		(*count)++;
+
+	return true;
+}
+
 /**
  * scsi_host_busy - Return the host busy counter
  * @shost:	Pointer to Scsi_Host to inc.
  **/
 int scsi_host_busy(struct Scsi_Host *shost)
 {
-	return atomic_read(&shost->host_busy);
+	int cnt = 0;
+
+	blk_mq_tagset_busy_iter(&shost->tag_set,
+				scsi_host_check_in_flight, &cnt);
+	return cnt;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(scsi_host_busy);
 
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/scsi.c b/drivers/scsi/scsi.c
index 1f5b5c8a7f72..ddc4ec6ea2a1 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/scsi.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/scsi.c
@@ -186,7 +186,7 @@ void scsi_finish_command(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
 	struct scsi_driver *drv;
 	unsigned int good_bytes;
 
-	scsi_device_unbusy(sdev);
+	scsi_device_unbusy(sdev, cmd);
 
 	/*
 	 * Clear the flags that say that the device/target/host is no longer
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c b/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c
index dc210b9d4896..2563b061f56b 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c
@@ -189,7 +189,7 @@ static void __scsi_queue_insert(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, int reason, bool unbusy)
 	 * active on the host/device.
 	 */
 	if (unbusy)
-		scsi_device_unbusy(device);
+		scsi_device_unbusy(device, cmd);
 
 	/*
 	 * Requeue this command.  It will go before all other commands
@@ -321,20 +321,20 @@ static void scsi_init_cmd_errh(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
 }
 
 /*
- * Decrement the host_busy counter and wake up the error handler if necessary.
- * Avoid as follows that the error handler is not woken up if shost->host_busy
- * == shost->host_failed: use call_rcu() in scsi_eh_scmd_add() in combination
- * with an RCU read lock in this function to ensure that this function in its
- * entirety either finishes before scsi_eh_scmd_add() increases the
+ * Wake up the error handler if necessary. Avoid as follows that the error
+ * handler is not woken up if host in-flight requests number ==
+ * shost->host_failed: use call_rcu() in scsi_eh_scmd_add() in combination
+ * with an RCU read lock in this function to ensure that this function in
+ * its entirety either finishes before scsi_eh_scmd_add() increases the
  * host_failed counter or that it notices the shost state change made by
  * scsi_eh_scmd_add().
  */
-static void scsi_dec_host_busy(struct Scsi_Host *shost)
+static void scsi_dec_host_busy(struct Scsi_Host *shost, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
 {
 	unsigned long flags;
 
 	rcu_read_lock();
-	atomic_dec(&shost->host_busy);
+	__clear_bit(SCMD_STATE_INFLIGHT, &cmd->state);
 	if (unlikely(scsi_host_in_recovery(shost))) {
 		spin_lock_irqsave(shost->host_lock, flags);
 		if (shost->host_failed || shost->host_eh_scheduled)
@@ -344,12 +344,12 @@ static void scsi_dec_host_busy(struct Scsi_Host *shost)
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 }
 
-void scsi_device_unbusy(struct scsi_device *sdev)
+void scsi_device_unbusy(struct scsi_device *sdev, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
 {
 	struct Scsi_Host *shost = sdev->host;
 	struct scsi_target *starget = scsi_target(sdev);
 
-	scsi_dec_host_busy(shost);
+	scsi_dec_host_busy(shost, cmd);
 
 	if (starget->can_queue > 0)
 		atomic_dec(&starget->target_busy);
@@ -430,9 +430,6 @@ static inline bool scsi_target_is_busy(struct scsi_target *starget)
 
 static inline bool scsi_host_is_busy(struct Scsi_Host *shost)
 {
-	if (shost->can_queue > 0 &&
-	    atomic_read(&shost->host_busy) >= shost->can_queue)
-		return true;
 	if (atomic_read(&shost->host_blocked) > 0)
 		return true;
 	if (shost->host_self_blocked)
@@ -1139,6 +1136,7 @@ void scsi_init_command(struct scsi_device *dev, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
 	unsigned int flags = cmd->flags & SCMD_PRESERVED_FLAGS;
 	unsigned long jiffies_at_alloc;
 	int retries;
+	bool in_flight;
 
 	if (!blk_rq_is_scsi(rq) && !(flags & SCMD_INITIALIZED)) {
 		flags |= SCMD_INITIALIZED;
@@ -1147,6 +1145,7 @@ void scsi_init_command(struct scsi_device *dev, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
 
 	jiffies_at_alloc = cmd->jiffies_at_alloc;
 	retries = cmd->retries;
+	in_flight = test_bit(SCMD_STATE_INFLIGHT, &cmd->state);
 	/* zero out the cmd, except for the embedded scsi_request */
 	memset((char *)cmd + sizeof(cmd->req), 0,
 		sizeof(*cmd) - sizeof(cmd->req) + dev->host->hostt->cmd_size);
@@ -1158,6 +1157,8 @@ void scsi_init_command(struct scsi_device *dev, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
 	INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&cmd->abort_work, scmd_eh_abort_handler);
 	cmd->jiffies_at_alloc = jiffies_at_alloc;
 	cmd->retries = retries;
+	if (in_flight)
+		__set_bit(SCMD_STATE_INFLIGHT, &cmd->state);
 
 	scsi_add_cmd_to_list(cmd);
 }
@@ -1367,16 +1368,14 @@ static inline int scsi_target_queue_ready(struct Scsi_Host *shost,
  */
 static inline int scsi_host_queue_ready(struct request_queue *q,
 				   struct Scsi_Host *shost,
-				   struct scsi_device *sdev)
+				   struct scsi_device *sdev,
+				   struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
 {
-	unsigned int busy;
-
 	if (scsi_host_in_recovery(shost))
 		return 0;
 
-	busy = atomic_inc_return(&shost->host_busy) - 1;
 	if (atomic_read(&shost->host_blocked) > 0) {
-		if (busy)
+		if (scsi_host_busy(shost) > 0)
 			goto starved;
 
 		/*
@@ -1390,8 +1389,6 @@ static inline int scsi_host_queue_ready(struct request_queue *q,
 				     "unblocking host at zero depth\n"));
 	}
 
-	if (shost->can_queue > 0 && busy >= shost->can_queue)
-		goto starved;
 	if (shost->host_self_blocked)
 		goto starved;
 
@@ -1403,6 +1400,8 @@ static inline int scsi_host_queue_ready(struct request_queue *q,
 		spin_unlock_irq(shost->host_lock);
 	}
 
+	__set_bit(SCMD_STATE_INFLIGHT, &cmd->state);
+
 	return 1;
 
 starved:
@@ -1411,7 +1410,7 @@ static inline int scsi_host_queue_ready(struct request_queue *q,
 		list_add_tail(&sdev->starved_entry, &shost->starved_list);
 	spin_unlock_irq(shost->host_lock);
 out_dec:
-	scsi_dec_host_busy(shost);
+	scsi_dec_host_busy(shost, cmd);
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -1665,7 +1664,7 @@ static blk_status_t scsi_queue_rq(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx,
 	ret = BLK_STS_RESOURCE;
 	if (!scsi_target_queue_ready(shost, sdev))
 		goto out_put_budget;
-	if (!scsi_host_queue_ready(q, shost, sdev))
+	if (!scsi_host_queue_ready(q, shost, sdev, cmd))
 		goto out_dec_target_busy;
 
 	if (!(req->rq_flags & RQF_DONTPREP)) {
@@ -1697,7 +1696,7 @@ static blk_status_t scsi_queue_rq(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx,
 	return BLK_STS_OK;
 
 out_dec_host_busy:
-	scsi_dec_host_busy(shost);
+	scsi_dec_host_busy(shost, cmd);
 out_dec_target_busy:
 	if (scsi_target(sdev)->can_queue > 0)
 		atomic_dec(&scsi_target(sdev)->target_busy);
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/scsi_priv.h b/drivers/scsi/scsi_priv.h
index cc2859d76d81..3bff9f7aa684 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/scsi_priv.h
+++ b/drivers/scsi/scsi_priv.h
@@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ int scsi_noretry_cmd(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd);
 extern void scsi_add_cmd_to_list(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd);
 extern void scsi_del_cmd_from_list(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd);
 extern int scsi_maybe_unblock_host(struct scsi_device *sdev);
-extern void scsi_device_unbusy(struct scsi_device *sdev);
+extern void scsi_device_unbusy(struct scsi_device *sdev, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd);
 extern void scsi_queue_insert(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, int reason);
 extern void scsi_io_completion(struct scsi_cmnd *, unsigned int);
 extern void scsi_run_host_queues(struct Scsi_Host *shost);
diff --git a/include/scsi/scsi_cmnd.h b/include/scsi/scsi_cmnd.h
index 91bd749a02f7..9c22e85902ec 100644
--- a/include/scsi/scsi_cmnd.h
+++ b/include/scsi/scsi_cmnd.h
@@ -63,6 +63,7 @@ struct scsi_pointer {
 
 /* for scmd->state */
 #define SCMD_STATE_COMPLETE	0
+#define SCMD_STATE_INFLIGHT	1
 
 struct scsi_cmnd {
 	struct scsi_request req;
diff --git a/include/scsi/scsi_host.h b/include/scsi/scsi_host.h
index 31e0d6ca1eba..d4452d0ea3c7 100644
--- a/include/scsi/scsi_host.h
+++ b/include/scsi/scsi_host.h
@@ -345,7 +345,7 @@ struct scsi_host_template {
 	/*
 	 * This determines if we will use a non-interrupt driven
 	 * or an interrupt driven scheme.  It is set to the maximum number
-	 * of simultaneous commands a given host adapter will accept.
+	 * of simultaneous commands a single hw queue in HBA will accept.
 	 */
 	int can_queue;
 
@@ -551,7 +551,6 @@ struct Scsi_Host {
 	/* Area to keep a shared tag map */
 	struct blk_mq_tag_set	tag_set;
 
-	atomic_t host_busy;		   /* commands actually active on low-level */
 	atomic_t host_blocked;
 
 	unsigned int host_failed;	   /* commands that failed.
-- 
2.20.1


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Thread overview: 5+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-10-25  6:58 [PATCH V5] scsi: core: avoid host-wide host_busy counter for scsi_mq Ming Lei
2019-10-31  2:25 ` Ming Lei
2019-11-01 14:44 ` Jens Axboe
2019-11-01 15:31 ` Bart Van Assche
2019-11-02  0:15 ` Martin K. Petersen

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