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From: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com>
To: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>, <x86@kernel.org>,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>, Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	Nadav Amit <nadav.amit@gmail.com>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>, <linux_dti@icloud.com>,
	<linux-integrity@vger.kernel.org>,
	<linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org>,
	Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>,
	Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com>
Subject: [PATCH v7 03/14] x86/mm: temporary mm struct
Date: Tue, 4 Dec 2018 17:33:57 -0800
Message-ID: <20181205013408.47725-4-namit@vmware.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20181205013408.47725-1-namit@vmware.com>

From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>

Sometimes we want to set a temporary page-table entries (PTEs) in one of
the cores, without allowing other cores to use - even speculatively -
these mappings. There are two benefits for doing so:

(1) Security: if sensitive PTEs are set, temporary mm prevents their use
in other cores. This hardens the security as it prevents exploding a
dangling pointer to overwrite sensitive data using the sensitive PTE.

(2) Avoiding TLB shootdowns: the PTEs do not need to be flushed in
remote page-tables.

To do so a temporary mm_struct can be used. Mappings which are private
for this mm can be set in the userspace part of the address-space.
During the whole time in which the temporary mm is loaded, interrupts
must be disabled.

The first use-case for temporary PTEs, which will follow, is for poking
the kernel text.

[ Commit message was written by Nadav ]

Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Tested-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com>
---
 arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h | 32 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 32 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
index 0ca50611e8ce..0141b7fa6d01 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
@@ -338,4 +338,36 @@ static inline unsigned long __get_current_cr3_fast(void)
 	return cr3;
 }
 
+typedef struct {
+	struct mm_struct *prev;
+} temporary_mm_state_t;
+
+/*
+ * Using a temporary mm allows to set temporary mappings that are not accessible
+ * by other cores. Such mappings are needed to perform sensitive memory writes
+ * that override the kernel memory protections (e.g., W^X), without exposing the
+ * temporary page-table mappings that are required for these write operations to
+ * other cores.
+ *
+ * Context: The temporary mm needs to be used exclusively by a single core. To
+ *          harden security IRQs must be disabled while the temporary mm is
+ *          loaded, thereby preventing interrupt handler bugs from override the
+ *          kernel memory protection.
+ */
+static inline temporary_mm_state_t use_temporary_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+	temporary_mm_state_t state;
+
+	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
+	state.prev = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm);
+	switch_mm_irqs_off(NULL, mm, current);
+	return state;
+}
+
+static inline void unuse_temporary_mm(temporary_mm_state_t prev)
+{
+	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
+	switch_mm_irqs_off(NULL, prev.prev, current);
+}
+
 #endif /* _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H */
-- 
2.17.1


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 30+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-12-05  1:33 [PATCH v7 00/14] x86/alternative: text_poke() enhancements Nadav Amit
2018-12-05  1:33 ` [PATCH v7 01/14] Fix "x86/alternatives: Lockdep-enforce text_mutex in text_poke*()" Nadav Amit
2018-12-05  1:33 ` [PATCH v7 02/14] x86/jump_label: Use text_poke_early() during early init Nadav Amit
2018-12-05  1:33 ` Nadav Amit [this message]
2018-12-05  1:33 ` [PATCH v7 04/14] fork: provide a function for copying init_mm Nadav Amit
2018-12-05  1:33 ` [PATCH v7 05/14] x86/alternative: initializing temporary mm for patching Nadav Amit
2018-12-05  1:34 ` [PATCH v7 06/14] x86/alternative: use temporary mm for text poking Nadav Amit
2018-12-05  1:34 ` [PATCH v7 07/14] x86/kgdb: avoid redundant comparison of patched code Nadav Amit
2018-12-05  1:34 ` [PATCH v7 08/14] x86/ftrace: Use text_poke_*() infrastructure Nadav Amit
2018-12-06  0:06   ` Nadav Amit
2018-12-06 16:28     ` Ingo Molnar
2018-12-05  1:34 ` [PATCH v7 09/14] x86/kprobes: Instruction pages initialization enhancements Nadav Amit
2018-12-06 13:09   ` Masami Hiramatsu
2018-12-05  1:34 ` [PATCH v7 10/14] x86: avoid W^X being broken during modules loading Nadav Amit
2018-12-05  1:34 ` [PATCH v7 11/14] x86/jump-label: remove support for custom poker Nadav Amit
2018-12-05  1:34 ` [PATCH v7 12/14] x86/alternative: Remove the return value of text_poke_*() Nadav Amit
2018-12-05  1:34 ` [PATCH v7 13/14] module: Do not set nx for module memory before freeing Nadav Amit
2018-12-06  9:57   ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-12-06 17:28     ` Nadav Amit
2018-12-06 11:13   ` Andrea Parri
2018-12-06 18:52   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-12-06 18:56     ` Nadav Amit
2018-12-06 20:21     ` Edgecombe, Rick P
2018-12-06 20:29       ` Nadav Amit
2018-12-13 14:10   ` Jessica Yu
2018-12-13 17:25     ` Nadav Amit
2018-12-05  1:34 ` [PATCH v7 14/14] module: Prevent module removal racing with text_poke() Nadav Amit
2018-12-06 10:01   ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-12-06 10:03 ` [PATCH v7 00/14] x86/alternative: text_poke() enhancements Peter Zijlstra
2018-12-10  1:06   ` Nadav Amit

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