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From: "Mickaël Salaün" <mic@digikod.net>
To: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>,
	David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>,
	Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org>
Cc: "Mickaël Salaün" <mic@digikod.net>,
	"David S . Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>,
	"Eric Snowberg" <eric.snowberg@oracle.com>,
	"Herbert Xu" <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>,
	"James Morris" <jmorris@namei.org>,
	"Mickaël Salaün" <mic@linux.microsoft.com>,
	"Mimi Zohar" <zohar@linux.ibm.com>,
	"Serge E . Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com>,
	"Tyler Hicks" <tyhicks@linux.microsoft.com>,
	keyrings@vger.kernel.org, linux-crypto@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-integrity@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v7 1/5] tools/certs: Add print-cert-tbs-hash.sh
Date: Fri, 12 Mar 2021 18:12:28 +0100
Message-ID: <20210312171232.2681989-2-mic@digikod.net> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210312171232.2681989-1-mic@digikod.net>

From: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>

Add a new helper print-cert-tbs-hash.sh to generate a TBSCertificate
hash from a given certificate.  This is useful to generate a blacklist
key description used to forbid loading a specific certificate in a
keyring, or to invalidate a certificate provided by a PKCS#7 file.

This kind of hash formatting is required to populate the file pointed
out by CONFIG_SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_HASH_LIST, but only the kernel code was
available to understand how to effectively create such hash.

Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
Cc: Eric Snowberg <eric.snowberg@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>
Reviewed-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210312171232.2681989-2-mic@digikod.net
---

Changes since v5:
* Add Reviewed-by Jarkko.

Changes since v3:
* Explain in the commit message that this kind of formating is not new
  but it wasn't documented.

Changes since v1:
* Fix typo.
* Use "if" block instead of "||" .
---
 MAINTAINERS                        |  1 +
 tools/certs/print-cert-tbs-hash.sh | 91 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 92 insertions(+)
 create mode 100755 tools/certs/print-cert-tbs-hash.sh

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 00836f6452f0..773a362e807f 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -4120,6 +4120,7 @@ F:	Documentation/admin-guide/module-signing.rst
 F:	certs/
 F:	scripts/extract-cert.c
 F:	scripts/sign-file.c
+F:	tools/certs/
 
 CFAG12864B LCD DRIVER
 M:	Miguel Ojeda Sandonis <miguel.ojeda.sandonis@gmail.com>
diff --git a/tools/certs/print-cert-tbs-hash.sh b/tools/certs/print-cert-tbs-hash.sh
new file mode 100755
index 000000000000..c93df5387ec9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/certs/print-cert-tbs-hash.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,91 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#
+# Copyright © 2020, Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
+#
+# Author: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>
+#
+# Compute and print the To Be Signed (TBS) hash of a certificate.  This is used
+# as description of keys in the blacklist keyring to identify certificates.
+# This output should be redirected, without newline, in a file (hash0.txt) and
+# signed to create a PKCS#7 file (hash0.p7s).  Both of these files can then be
+# loaded in the kernel with.
+#
+# Exemple on a workstation:
+# ./print-cert-tbs-hash.sh certificate-to-invalidate.pem > hash0.txt
+# openssl smime -sign -in hash0.txt -inkey builtin-private-key.pem \
+#               -signer builtin-certificate.pem -certfile certificate-chain.pem \
+#               -noattr -binary -outform DER -out hash0.p7s
+#
+# Exemple on a managed system:
+# keyctl padd blacklist "$(< hash0.txt)" %:.blacklist < hash0.p7s
+
+set -u -e -o pipefail
+
+CERT="${1:-}"
+BASENAME="$(basename -- "${BASH_SOURCE[0]}")"
+
+if [ $# -ne 1 ] || [ ! -f "${CERT}" ]; then
+	echo "usage: ${BASENAME} <certificate>" >&2
+	exit 1
+fi
+
+# Checks that it is indeed a certificate (PEM or DER encoded) and exclude the
+# optional PEM text header.
+if ! PEM="$(openssl x509 -inform DER -in "${CERT}" 2>/dev/null || openssl x509 -in "${CERT}")"; then
+	echo "ERROR: Failed to parse certificate" >&2
+	exit 1
+fi
+
+# TBSCertificate starts at the second entry.
+# Cf. https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3280#section-4.1
+#
+# Exemple of first lines printed by openssl asn1parse:
+#    0:d=0  hl=4 l= 763 cons: SEQUENCE
+#    4:d=1  hl=4 l= 483 cons: SEQUENCE
+#    8:d=2  hl=2 l=   3 cons: cont [ 0 ]
+#   10:d=3  hl=2 l=   1 prim: INTEGER           :02
+#   13:d=2  hl=2 l=  20 prim: INTEGER           :3CEB2CB8818D968AC00EEFE195F0DF9665328B7B
+#   35:d=2  hl=2 l=  13 cons: SEQUENCE
+#   37:d=3  hl=2 l=   9 prim: OBJECT            :sha256WithRSAEncryption
+RANGE_AND_DIGEST_RE='
+2s/^\s*\([0-9]\+\):d=\s*[0-9]\+\s\+hl=\s*[0-9]\+\s\+l=\s*\([0-9]\+\)\s\+cons:\s*SEQUENCE\s*$/\1 \2/p;
+7s/^\s*[0-9]\+:d=\s*[0-9]\+\s\+hl=\s*[0-9]\+\s\+l=\s*[0-9]\+\s\+prim:\s*OBJECT\s*:\(.*\)$/\1/p;
+'
+
+RANGE_AND_DIGEST=($(echo "${PEM}" | \
+	openssl asn1parse -in - | \
+	sed -n -e "${RANGE_AND_DIGEST_RE}"))
+
+if [ "${#RANGE_AND_DIGEST[@]}" != 3 ]; then
+	echo "ERROR: Failed to parse TBSCertificate." >&2
+	exit 1
+fi
+
+OFFSET="${RANGE_AND_DIGEST[0]}"
+END="$(( OFFSET + RANGE_AND_DIGEST[1] ))"
+DIGEST="${RANGE_AND_DIGEST[2]}"
+
+# The signature hash algorithm is used by Linux to blacklist certificates.
+# Cf. crypto/asymmetric_keys/x509_cert_parser.c:x509_note_pkey_algo()
+DIGEST_MATCH=""
+while read -r DIGEST_ITEM; do
+	if [ -z "${DIGEST_ITEM}" ]; then
+		break
+	fi
+	if echo "${DIGEST}" | grep -qiF "${DIGEST_ITEM}"; then
+		DIGEST_MATCH="${DIGEST_ITEM}"
+		break
+	fi
+done < <(openssl list -digest-commands | tr ' ' '\n' | sort -ur)
+
+if [ -z "${DIGEST_MATCH}" ]; then
+	echo "ERROR: Unknown digest algorithm: ${DIGEST}" >&2
+	exit 1
+fi
+
+echo "${PEM}" | \
+	openssl x509 -in - -outform DER | \
+	dd "bs=1" "skip=${OFFSET}" "count=${END}" "status=none" | \
+	openssl dgst "-${DIGEST_MATCH}" - | \
+	awk '{printf "tbs:" $2}'
-- 
2.30.2


  reply index

Thread overview: 16+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-03-12 17:12 [PATCH v7 0/5] Enable root to update the blacklist keyring Mickaël Salaün
2021-03-12 17:12 ` Mickaël Salaün [this message]
2021-03-15 16:57   ` [PATCH v7 1/5] tools/certs: Add print-cert-tbs-hash.sh Eric Snowberg
2021-03-12 17:12 ` [PATCH v7 2/5] certs: Check that builtin blacklist hashes are valid Mickaël Salaün
2021-03-13 18:53   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2021-03-12 17:12 ` [PATCH v7 3/5] certs: Make blacklist_vet_description() more strict Mickaël Salaün
2021-03-12 17:12 ` [PATCH v7 4/5] certs: Factor out the blacklist hash creation Mickaël Salaün
2021-03-13 18:54   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2021-03-12 17:12 ` [PATCH v7 5/5] certs: Allow root user to append signed hashes to the blacklist keyring Mickaël Salaün
2021-03-15 16:59   ` Eric Snowberg
2021-03-15 18:01     ` Mickaël Salaün
2021-03-17 14:48       ` Eric Snowberg
2021-03-17 15:45         ` Mickaël Salaün
2021-03-25 11:36 ` [PATCH v7 0/5] Enable root to update " Mickaël Salaün
2021-04-07 17:21 ` Mickaël Salaün
2021-05-04 10:31   ` Mickaël Salaün

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