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* [PATCH] tty/serial: 8250_exar: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array member
@ 2020-02-12 19:37 Gustavo A. R. Silva
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: Gustavo A. R. Silva @ 2020-02-12 19:37 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Greg Kroah-Hartman, Jiri Slaby
  Cc: linux-serial, linux-kernel, Gustavo A. R. Silva

The current codebase makes use of the zero-length array language
extension to the C90 standard, but the preferred mechanism to declare
variable-length types such as these ones is a flexible array member[1][2],
introduced in C99:

struct foo {
        int stuff;
        struct boo array[];
};

By making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
inadvertenly introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.

Also, notice that, dynamic memory allocations won't be affected by
this change:

"Flexible array members have incomplete type, and so the sizeof operator
may not be applied. As a quirk of the original implementation of
zero-length arrays, sizeof evaluates to zero."[1]

This issue was found with the help of Coccinelle.

[1] https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Zero-Length.html
[2] https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/21
[3] commit 76497732932f ("cxgb3/l2t: Fix undefined behaviour")

Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavo@embeddedor.com>
---
 drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_exar.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_exar.c b/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_exar.c
index 91e9b070d36d..65898ef90801 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_exar.c
+++ b/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_exar.c
@@ -127,7 +127,7 @@ struct exar8250 {
 	unsigned int		nr;
 	struct exar8250_board	*board;
 	void __iomem		*virt;
-	int			line[0];
+	int			line[];
 };
 
 static void exar_pm(struct uart_port *port, unsigned int state, unsigned int old)
-- 
2.25.0


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2020-02-12 19:37 [PATCH] tty/serial: 8250_exar: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array member Gustavo A. R. Silva

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