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* [PATCH v2] serial: max310x: rework RX interrupt handling
@ 2020-10-01  7:44 Thomas Petazzoni
  2020-10-01 11:35 ` Andy Shevchenko
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 2+ messages in thread
From: Thomas Petazzoni @ 2020-10-01  7:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Greg Kroah-Hartman, Jiri Slaby
  Cc: linux-serial, linux-kernel, Jan Kundrát, Mark Brown,
	Andy Shevchenko, linux-spi, Thomas Petazzoni

Currently, the RX interrupt logic uses the RXEMPTY interrupt, with the
RXEMPTYINV bit set, which means we get an RX interrupt as soon as the
RX FIFO is non-empty.

However, with the MAX310X having a FIFO of 128 bytes, this makes very
poor use of the FIFO: we trigger an interrupt as soon as the RX FIFO
has one byte, which means a lot of interrupts, each only collecting a
few bytes from the FIFO, causing a significant CPU load.

Instead this commit relies on two other RX interrupt events:

 - MAX310X_IRQ_RXFIFO_BIT, which triggers when the RX FIFO has reached
   a certain threshold, which we define to be half of the FIFO
   size. This ensure we get an interrupt before the RX FIFO fills up.

 - MAX310X_LSR_RXTO_BIT, which triggers when the RX FIFO has received
   some bytes, and then no more bytes are received for a certain
   time. Arbitrarily, this time is defined to the time is takes to
   receive 4 characters.

On a Microchip SAMA5D3 platform that is receiving 20 bytes every 16ms
over one MAX310X UART, this patch has allowed to reduce the CPU
consumption of the interrupt handler thread from ~25% to 6-7%.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@bootlin.com>
---
Changes since v1:
- Fix missing space when closing a comment
---
 drivers/tty/serial/max310x.c | 29 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 1 file changed, 24 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/max310x.c b/drivers/tty/serial/max310x.c
index 8434bd5a8ec7..21130af106bb 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/serial/max310x.c
+++ b/drivers/tty/serial/max310x.c
@@ -1056,9 +1056,9 @@ static int max310x_startup(struct uart_port *port)
 	max310x_port_update(port, MAX310X_MODE1_REG,
 			    MAX310X_MODE1_TRNSCVCTRL_BIT, 0);
 
-	/* Configure MODE2 register & Reset FIFOs*/
-	val = MAX310X_MODE2_RXEMPTINV_BIT | MAX310X_MODE2_FIFORST_BIT;
-	max310x_port_write(port, MAX310X_MODE2_REG, val);
+	/* Reset FIFOs */
+	max310x_port_write(port, MAX310X_MODE2_REG,
+			   MAX310X_MODE2_FIFORST_BIT);
 	max310x_port_update(port, MAX310X_MODE2_REG,
 			    MAX310X_MODE2_FIFORST_BIT, 0);
 
@@ -1086,8 +1086,27 @@ static int max310x_startup(struct uart_port *port)
 	/* Clear IRQ status register */
 	max310x_port_read(port, MAX310X_IRQSTS_REG);
 
-	/* Enable RX, TX, CTS change interrupts */
-	val = MAX310X_IRQ_RXEMPTY_BIT | MAX310X_IRQ_TXEMPTY_BIT;
+	/*
+	 * Let's ask for an interrupt after a timeout equivalent to
+	 * the receiving time of 4 characters after the last character
+	 * has been received.
+	 */
+	max310x_port_write(port, MAX310X_RXTO_REG, 4);
+
+	/*
+	 * Make sure we also get RX interrupts when the RX FIFO is
+	 * filling up quickly, so get an interrupt when half of the RX
+	 * FIFO has been filled in.
+	 */
+	max310x_port_write(port, MAX310X_FIFOTRIGLVL_REG,
+			   MAX310X_FIFOTRIGLVL_RX(MAX310X_FIFO_SIZE / 2));
+
+	/* Enable RX timeout interrupt in LSR */
+	max310x_port_write(port, MAX310X_LSR_IRQEN_REG,
+			   MAX310X_LSR_RXTO_BIT);
+
+	/* Enable LSR, RX FIFO trigger, CTS change interrupts */
+	val = MAX310X_IRQ_LSR_BIT  | MAX310X_IRQ_RXFIFO_BIT | MAX310X_IRQ_TXEMPTY_BIT;
 	max310x_port_write(port, MAX310X_IRQEN_REG, val | MAX310X_IRQ_CTS_BIT);
 
 	return 0;
-- 
2.26.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 2+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] serial: max310x: rework RX interrupt handling
  2020-10-01  7:44 [PATCH v2] serial: max310x: rework RX interrupt handling Thomas Petazzoni
@ 2020-10-01 11:35 ` Andy Shevchenko
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 2+ messages in thread
From: Andy Shevchenko @ 2020-10-01 11:35 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Thomas Petazzoni
  Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman, Jiri Slaby, open list:SERIAL DRIVERS,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List, Jan Kundrát, Mark Brown,
	linux-spi

On Thu, Oct 1, 2020 at 10:44 AM Thomas Petazzoni
<thomas.petazzoni@bootlin.com> wrote:
>
> Currently, the RX interrupt logic uses the RXEMPTY interrupt, with the
> RXEMPTYINV bit set, which means we get an RX interrupt as soon as the
> RX FIFO is non-empty.
>
> However, with the MAX310X having a FIFO of 128 bytes, this makes very
> poor use of the FIFO: we trigger an interrupt as soon as the RX FIFO
> has one byte, which means a lot of interrupts, each only collecting a
> few bytes from the FIFO, causing a significant CPU load.
>
> Instead this commit relies on two other RX interrupt events:
>
>  - MAX310X_IRQ_RXFIFO_BIT, which triggers when the RX FIFO has reached
>    a certain threshold, which we define to be half of the FIFO
>    size. This ensure we get an interrupt before the RX FIFO fills up.
>
>  - MAX310X_LSR_RXTO_BIT, which triggers when the RX FIFO has received
>    some bytes, and then no more bytes are received for a certain
>    time. Arbitrarily, this time is defined to the time is takes to
>    receive 4 characters.
>
> On a Microchip SAMA5D3 platform that is receiving 20 bytes every 16ms
> over one MAX310X UART, this patch has allowed to reduce the CPU
> consumption of the interrupt handler thread from ~25% to 6-7%.
>

You missed my tag :-(

> Signed-off-by: Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@bootlin.com>
> ---
> Changes since v1:
> - Fix missing space when closing a comment
> ---
>  drivers/tty/serial/max310x.c | 29 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
>  1 file changed, 24 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/max310x.c b/drivers/tty/serial/max310x.c
> index 8434bd5a8ec7..21130af106bb 100644
> --- a/drivers/tty/serial/max310x.c
> +++ b/drivers/tty/serial/max310x.c
> @@ -1056,9 +1056,9 @@ static int max310x_startup(struct uart_port *port)
>         max310x_port_update(port, MAX310X_MODE1_REG,
>                             MAX310X_MODE1_TRNSCVCTRL_BIT, 0);
>
> -       /* Configure MODE2 register & Reset FIFOs*/
> -       val = MAX310X_MODE2_RXEMPTINV_BIT | MAX310X_MODE2_FIFORST_BIT;
> -       max310x_port_write(port, MAX310X_MODE2_REG, val);
> +       /* Reset FIFOs */
> +       max310x_port_write(port, MAX310X_MODE2_REG,
> +                          MAX310X_MODE2_FIFORST_BIT);
>         max310x_port_update(port, MAX310X_MODE2_REG,
>                             MAX310X_MODE2_FIFORST_BIT, 0);
>
> @@ -1086,8 +1086,27 @@ static int max310x_startup(struct uart_port *port)
>         /* Clear IRQ status register */
>         max310x_port_read(port, MAX310X_IRQSTS_REG);
>
> -       /* Enable RX, TX, CTS change interrupts */
> -       val = MAX310X_IRQ_RXEMPTY_BIT | MAX310X_IRQ_TXEMPTY_BIT;
> +       /*
> +        * Let's ask for an interrupt after a timeout equivalent to
> +        * the receiving time of 4 characters after the last character
> +        * has been received.
> +        */
> +       max310x_port_write(port, MAX310X_RXTO_REG, 4);
> +
> +       /*
> +        * Make sure we also get RX interrupts when the RX FIFO is
> +        * filling up quickly, so get an interrupt when half of the RX
> +        * FIFO has been filled in.
> +        */
> +       max310x_port_write(port, MAX310X_FIFOTRIGLVL_REG,
> +                          MAX310X_FIFOTRIGLVL_RX(MAX310X_FIFO_SIZE / 2));
> +
> +       /* Enable RX timeout interrupt in LSR */
> +       max310x_port_write(port, MAX310X_LSR_IRQEN_REG,
> +                          MAX310X_LSR_RXTO_BIT);
> +
> +       /* Enable LSR, RX FIFO trigger, CTS change interrupts */
> +       val = MAX310X_IRQ_LSR_BIT  | MAX310X_IRQ_RXFIFO_BIT | MAX310X_IRQ_TXEMPTY_BIT;
>         max310x_port_write(port, MAX310X_IRQEN_REG, val | MAX310X_IRQ_CTS_BIT);
>
>         return 0;
> --
> 2.26.2
>


-- 
With Best Regards,
Andy Shevchenko

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 2+ messages in thread

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2020-10-01  7:44 [PATCH v2] serial: max310x: rework RX interrupt handling Thomas Petazzoni
2020-10-01 11:35 ` Andy Shevchenko

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