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From: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
To: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Stephen Smalley <sds@tycho.nsa.gov>,
	Cedric Xing <cedric.xing@intel.com>,
	LSM List <linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org>,
	selinux@vger.kernel.org, LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	linux-sgx@vger.kernel.org,
	Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>,
	James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>,
	"Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com>,
	Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>,
	Eric Paris <eparis@parisplace.org>,
	Jethro Beekman <jethro@fortanix.com>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	nhorman@redhat.com, pmccallum@redhat.com, "Ayoun,
	Serge" <serge.ayoun@intel.com>,
	"Katz-zamir, Shay" <shay.katz-zamir@intel.com>,
	"Huang, Haitao" <haitao.huang@intel.com>,
	Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>,
	"Svahn, Kai" <kai.svahn@intel.com>,
	Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>,
	Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>,
	"Huang, Kai" <kai.huang@intel.com>,
	David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>,
	"Roberts, William C" <william.c.roberts@intel.com>,
	Philip Tricca <philip.b.tricca@intel.com>
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH v1 2/3] LSM/x86/sgx: Implement SGX specific hooks in SELinux
Date: Wed, 12 Jun 2019 15:02:42 -0700
Message-ID: <20190612220242.GJ20308@linux.intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CALCETrWQT3AG+-OKBOzuw-a6VPApkNYsKqZiBmS56-b-72bfYQ@mail.gmail.com>

On Wed, Jun 12, 2019 at 12:30:20PM -0700, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
> On Tue, Jun 11, 2019 at 3:02 PM Sean Christopherson
> <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> wrote:
> >
> >   1. Require userspace to explicitly specificy (maximal) enclave page
> >      permissions at build time.  The enclave page permissions are provided
> >      to, and checked by, LSMs at enclave build time.
> >
> >      Pros: Low-complexity kernel implementation, straightforward auditing
> >      Cons: Sullies the SGX UAPI to some extent, may increase complexity of
> >            SGX2 enclave loaders.
> 
> In my notes, this works like this.  This is similar, but not
> identical, to what Sean has been sending out.

...

> mmap() and mprotect() enforce the following rules:
> 
>  - Deny if a PROT_ flag is requested but the corresponding ALLOW_ flag
>    is not set for all pages in question.
> 
>  - Deny if PROT_WRITE, PROT_EXEC, and DENY_WX are all set.
> 
>  - Deny if PROT_EXEC, ALLOW_WRITE, and DENY_X_IF_ALLOW_WRITE are all set.
> 
> mprotect() and mmap() do *not* call SGX-specific LSM hooks to ask for
> permission, although they can optionally call an LSM hook if they hit one of
> the -EPERM cases for auditing purposes.

IMO, #1 only makes sense if it's stripped down to avoid auditing and
locking complications, i.e. gets a pass/fail at security_enclave_load()
and clears VM_MAY* flags during mmap().  If we want WX and W->X to be
differentiated by security_enclave_init() as opposed to
security_enclave_load(), then we should just scrap #1.

> I think this model works quite well in an SGX1 world.  The main thing
> that makes me uneasy about this model is that, in SGX2, it requires
> that an SGX2-compatible enclave loader must pre-declare to the kernel
> whether it intends for its dynamically allocated memory to be
> ALLOW_EXEC.  If ALLOW_EXEC is set but not actually needed, it will
> still fail if DENY_X_IF_ALLOW_WRITE ends up being set.  The other
> version below does not have this limitation.

I'm not convinced this will be a meaningful limitation in practice, though
that's probably obvious from my RFCs :-).  That being said, the UAPI quirk
is essentially a dealbreaker for multiple people, so let's drop #1.

I discussed the options with Cedric offline, and he is ok with option #2
*if* the idea actually translates to acceptable code and doesn't present
problems for userspace and/or future SGX features.

So, I'll work on an RFC series to implement #2 as described below.  If it
works out, yay!  If not, i.e. option #2 is fundamentally broken, I'll
shift my focus to Cedric's code (option #3).

> >   2. Pre-check LSM permissions and dynamically track mappings to enclave
> >      pages, e.g. add an SGX mprotect() hook to restrict W->X and WX
> >      based on the pre-checked permissions.
> >
> >      Pros: Does not impact SGX UAPI, medium kernel complexity
> >      Cons: Auditing is complex/weird, requires taking enclave-specific
> >            lock during mprotect() to query/update tracking.
> 
> Here's how this looks in my mind.  It's quite similar, except that
> ALLOW_READ, ALLOW_WRITE, and ALLOW_EXEC are replaced with a little
> state machine.
> 
> EADD does not take any special flags.  It calls this LSM hook:
> 
>   int security_enclave_load(struct vm_area_struct *source);
> 
> This hook can return -EPERM.  Otherwise it 0 or ALLOC_EXEC_IF_UNMODIFIED
> (i.e. 1).  This hook enforces permissions (a) and (b).
> 
> The driver tracks a state for each page, and the possible states are:
> 
>  - CLEAN_MAYEXEC /* no W or X VMAs have existed, but X is okay */
>  - CLEAN_NOEXEC /* no W or X VMAs have existed, and X is not okay */
>  - CLEAN_EXEC /* no W VMA has existed, but an X VMA has existed */
>  - DIRTY /* a W VMA has existed */
> 
> The initial state for a page is CLEAN_MAYEXEC if the hook said
> ALLOW_EXEC_IF_UNMODIFIED and CLEAN_NOEXEC otherwise.
> 
> The future EAUG does not call a hook at all and puts pages into the state
> CLEAN_NOEXEC.  If SGX3 or later ever adds EAUG-but-don't-clear, it can
> call security_enclave_load() and add CLEAN_MAYEXEC pages if appropriate.
> 
> EINIT takes a sigstruct pointer.  SGX calls a new hook:
> 
>   unsigned int security_enclave_init(struct sigstruct *sigstruct,
> struct vm_area_struct *source, unsigned int flags);
> 
> This hook can return -EPERM.  Otherwise it returns 0 or a combination of
> flags DENY_WX and DENY_X_DIRTY.  The driver saves this value.
> These represent permissions (c) and (d).
> 
> If we want to have a permission for "execute code supplied from outside the
> enclave that was not measured", we could have a flag like
> HAS_UNMEASURED_CLEAN_EXEC_PAGE that the LSM could consider.
>
> mmap() and mprotect() enforce the following rules:
> 
>  - If VM_EXEC is requested and (either the page is DIRTY or VM_WRITE is
>    requested) and DENY_X_DIRTY, then deny.
> 
>  - If VM_WRITE and VM_EXEC are both requested and DENY_WX, then deny.
> 
>  - If VM_WRITE is requested, we need to update the state.  If it was
>    CLEAN_EXEC, then we reject if DENY_X_DIRTY.  Otherwise we change the
>    state to DIRTY.
> 
>  - If VM_EXEC is requested and the page is CLEAN_NOEXEC, then deny.
> 
> mprotect() and mmap() do *not* call SGX-specific LSM hooks to ask for
> permission, although they can optionally call an LSM hook if they hit one of
> the -EPERM cases for auditing purposes.
> 
> Before the SIGSTRUCT is provided to the driver, the driver acts as though
> DENY_X_DIRTY and DENY_WX are both set.


  reply index

Thread overview: 67+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-06-06  2:11 [RFC PATCH v2 0/5] security: x86/sgx: SGX vs. LSM Sean Christopherson
2019-06-06  2:11 ` [RFC PATCH v2 1/5] mm: Introduce vm_ops->may_mprotect() Sean Christopherson
2019-06-10 15:06   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-06-10 15:55     ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-10 17:47       ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-10 19:49         ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-10 22:06           ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-06  2:11 ` [RFC PATCH v2 2/5] x86/sgx: Require userspace to define enclave pages' protection bits Sean Christopherson
2019-06-10 15:27   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-06-10 16:15     ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-10 17:45       ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-06-10 18:17         ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-12 19:26           ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-06-10 18:29   ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-10 19:15     ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-06-10 22:28       ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-12  0:09         ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-06-12 14:34           ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-12 18:20             ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-06  2:11 ` [RFC PATCH v2 3/5] x86/sgx: Enforce noexec filesystem restriction for enclaves Sean Christopherson
2019-06-10 16:00   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-06-10 16:44     ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-06-11 17:21       ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-06  2:11 ` [RFC PATCH v2 4/5] LSM: x86/sgx: Introduce ->enclave_load() hook for Intel SGX Sean Christopherson
2019-06-07 19:58   ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-10 16:21     ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-10 16:05   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-06-06  2:11 ` [RFC PATCH v2 5/5] security/selinux: Add enclave_load() implementation Sean Christopherson
2019-06-07 21:16   ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-10 16:46     ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-17 16:38   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-06-10  7:03 ` [RFC PATCH v1 0/3] security/x86/sgx: SGX specific LSM hooks Cedric Xing
2019-06-10  7:03   ` [RFC PATCH v1 1/3] LSM/x86/sgx: Add " Cedric Xing
2019-06-10  7:03   ` [RFC PATCH v1 2/3] LSM/x86/sgx: Implement SGX specific hooks in SELinux Cedric Xing
2019-06-11 13:40     ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-11 22:02       ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-12  9:32         ` Dr. Greg
2019-06-12 14:25           ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-13  7:25             ` Dr. Greg
2019-06-12 19:30         ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-06-12 22:02           ` Sean Christopherson [this message]
2019-06-13  0:10             ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-13  1:02             ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-13 17:02         ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-13 23:03           ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-13 23:17             ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-14  0:31               ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-14  0:46           ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-14 15:38             ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-16 22:14               ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-06-17 16:49                 ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-17 17:08                   ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-06-18 15:40                   ` Dr. Greg
2019-06-14 17:16             ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-14 17:45               ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-14 17:53                 ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-14 20:01                   ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-16 22:16               ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-06-14 23:19             ` Dr. Greg
2019-06-11 22:55       ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-13 18:00         ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-13 19:48           ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-13 21:09             ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-13 21:02           ` Xing, Cedric
2019-06-14  0:37           ` Sean Christopherson
2019-06-10  7:03   ` [RFC PATCH v1 3/3] LSM/x86/sgx: Call new LSM hooks from SGX subsystem Cedric Xing
2019-06-10 17:36   ` [RFC PATCH v1 0/3] security/x86/sgx: SGX specific LSM hooks Jarkko Sakkinen

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