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From: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, x86@kernel.org, linux-sgx@vger.kernel.org
Cc: akpm@linux-foundation.org, dave.hansen@intel.com,
	sean.j.christopherson@intel.com, nhorman@redhat.com,
	npmccallum@redhat.com, serge.ayoun@intel.com,
	shay.katz-zamir@intel.com, haitao.huang@intel.com,
	andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com, tglx@linutronix.de,
	kai.svahn@intel.com, bp@alien8.de, josh@joshtriplett.org,
	luto@kernel.org, kai.huang@intel.com, rientjes@google.com,
	cedric.xing@intel.com,
	Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
Subject: [PATCH v21 11/28] x86/sgx: Add wrappers for ENCLS leaf functions
Date: Sat, 13 Jul 2019 20:07:47 +0300
Message-ID: <20190713170804.2340-12-jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190713170804.2340-1-jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>

ENCLS is an umbrella instruction for a variety of cpl0 SGX functions.
The ENCLS function that is executed is specified in EAX, with each
function potentially having more leaf-specific operands beyond EAX.
ENCLS introduces its own (positive value) error codes that (some)
leafs use to return failure information in EAX.  Leafs that return
an error code also modify RFLAGS.  And finally, ENCLS generates
ENCLS-specific non-fatal #GPs and #PFs, i.e. a bug-free kernel may
encounter faults on ENCLS that must be handled gracefully.

Because of the complexity involved in encoding ENCLS and handling its
assortment of failure paths, executing any given leaf is not a simple
matter of emitting ENCLS.

To enable adding support for ENCLS leafs with minimal fuss, add a
two-layer macro system along with an encoding scheme to allow wrappers
to return trap numbers along ENCLS-specific error codes.  The bottom
layer of the macro system splits between the leafs that return an
error code and those that do not.  The second layer generates the
correct input/output annotations based on the number of operands for
each leaf function.

Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
Co-developed-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
---
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/Makefile |   1 +
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encls.c  |  21 +++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encls.h  | 244 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 266 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/Makefile
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encls.c
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encls.h

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/Makefile b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4432d935894e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+obj-y += encls.o
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encls.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encls.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5045f1365e07
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encls.c
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <asm/traps.h>
+#include "encls.h"
+#include "sgx.h"
+
+/**
+ * encls_failed() - Check if an ENCLS leaf function failed
+ * @ret:	the return value of an ENCLS leaf function call
+ *
+ * Check if an ENCLS leaf function failed. This is a condition where the leaf
+ * function causes a fault that is not caused by an EPCM conflict.
+ *
+ * Return: true if there was a fault other than an EPCM conflict
+ */
+bool encls_failed(int ret)
+{
+	int epcm_trapnr = boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SGX2) ?
+			  X86_TRAP_PF : X86_TRAP_GP;
+
+	return encls_faulted(ret) && ENCLS_TRAPNR(ret) != epcm_trapnr;
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encls.h b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encls.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..aea3b9d09936
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encls.h
@@ -0,0 +1,244 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: (GPL-2.0 OR BSD-3-Clause) */
+#ifndef _X86_ENCLS_H
+#define _X86_ENCLS_H
+
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/rwsem.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <asm/asm.h>
+#include "arch.h"
+
+/**
+ * ENCLS_FAULT_FLAG - flag signifying an ENCLS return code is a trapnr
+ *
+ * ENCLS has its own (positive value) error codes and also generates
+ * ENCLS specific #GP and #PF faults.  And the ENCLS values get munged
+ * with system error codes as everything percolates back up the stack.
+ * Unfortunately (for us), we need to precisely identify each unique
+ * error code, e.g. the action taken if EWB fails varies based on the
+ * type of fault and on the exact SGX error code, i.e. we can't simply
+ * convert all faults to -EFAULT.
+ *
+ * To make all three error types coexist, we set bit 30 to identify an
+ * ENCLS fault.  Bit 31 (technically bits N:31) is used to differentiate
+ * between positive (faults and SGX error codes) and negative (system
+ * error codes) values.
+ */
+#define ENCLS_FAULT_FLAG 0x40000000
+
+/**
+ * Retrieve the encoded trapnr from the specified return code.
+ */
+#define ENCLS_TRAPNR(r) ((r) & ~ENCLS_FAULT_FLAG)
+
+/* Issue a WARN() about an ENCLS leaf. */
+#define ENCLS_WARN(r, name) {						\
+	do {								\
+		int _r = (r);						\
+		WARN(_r, "sgx: %s returned %d (0x%x)\n", (name), _r,	\
+		     _r);						\
+	} while (0);							\
+}
+
+/**
+ * encls_faulted() - Check if ENCLS leaf function faulted
+ * @ret:	the return value of an ENCLS leaf function call
+ *
+ * Return: true if the fault flag is set
+ */
+static inline bool encls_faulted(int ret)
+{
+	return (ret & ENCLS_FAULT_FLAG) != 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * encls_returned_code() - Check if an ENCLS leaf function returned a code
+ * @ret:	the return value of an ENCLS leaf function call
+ *
+ * Check if an ENCLS leaf function returned an error or information code.
+ *
+ * Return: true if there was a fault other than an EPCM conflict
+ */
+static inline bool encls_returned_code(int ret)
+{
+	return !encls_faulted(ret) && ret;
+}
+
+bool encls_failed(int ret);
+
+/**
+ * __encls_ret_N - encode an ENCLS leaf that returns an error code in EAX
+ * @rax:	leaf number
+ * @inputs:	asm inputs for the leaf
+ *
+ * Emit assembly for an ENCLS leaf that returns an error code, e.g. EREMOVE.
+ * And because SGX isn't complex enough as it is, leafs that return an error
+ * code also modify flags.
+ *
+ * Return:
+ *	0 on success,
+ *	SGX error code on failure
+ */
+#define __encls_ret_N(rax, inputs...)				\
+	({							\
+	int ret;						\
+	asm volatile(						\
+	"1: .byte 0x0f, 0x01, 0xcf;\n\t"			\
+	"2:\n"							\
+	".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n"				\
+	"3: orl $"__stringify(ENCLS_FAULT_FLAG)",%%eax\n"	\
+	"   jmp 2b\n"						\
+	".previous\n"						\
+	_ASM_EXTABLE_FAULT(1b, 3b)				\
+	: "=a"(ret)						\
+	: "a"(rax), inputs					\
+	: "memory", "cc");					\
+	ret;							\
+	})
+
+#define __encls_ret_1(rax, rcx)		\
+	({				\
+	__encls_ret_N(rax, "c"(rcx));	\
+	})
+
+#define __encls_ret_2(rax, rbx, rcx)		\
+	({					\
+	__encls_ret_N(rax, "b"(rbx), "c"(rcx));	\
+	})
+
+#define __encls_ret_3(rax, rbx, rcx, rdx)			\
+	({							\
+	__encls_ret_N(rax, "b"(rbx), "c"(rcx), "d"(rdx));	\
+	})
+
+/**
+ * __encls_N - encode an ENCLS leaf that doesn't return an error code
+ * @rax:	leaf number
+ * @rbx_out:	optional output variable
+ * @inputs:	asm inputs for the leaf
+ *
+ * Emit assembly for an ENCLS leaf that does not return an error code,
+ * e.g. ECREATE.  Leaves without error codes either succeed or fault.
+ * @rbx_out is an optional parameter for use by EDGBRD, which returns
+ * the the requested value in RBX.
+ *
+ * Return:
+ *   0 on success,
+ *   trapnr with ENCLS_FAULT_FLAG set on fault
+ */
+#define __encls_N(rax, rbx_out, inputs...)			\
+	({							\
+	int ret;						\
+	asm volatile(						\
+	"1: .byte 0x0f, 0x01, 0xcf;\n\t"			\
+	"   xor %%eax,%%eax;\n"					\
+	"2:\n"							\
+	".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n"				\
+	"3: orl $"__stringify(ENCLS_FAULT_FLAG)",%%eax\n"	\
+	"   jmp 2b\n"						\
+	".previous\n"						\
+	_ASM_EXTABLE_FAULT(1b, 3b)				\
+	: "=a"(ret), "=b"(rbx_out)				\
+	: "a"(rax), inputs					\
+	: "memory");						\
+	ret;							\
+	})
+
+#define __encls_2(rax, rbx, rcx)				\
+	({							\
+	unsigned long ign_rbx_out;				\
+	__encls_N(rax, ign_rbx_out, "b"(rbx), "c"(rcx));	\
+	})
+
+#define __encls_1_1(rax, data, rcx)			\
+	({						\
+	unsigned long rbx_out;				\
+	int ret = __encls_N(rax, rbx_out, "c"(rcx));	\
+	if (!ret)					\
+		data = rbx_out;				\
+	ret;						\
+	})
+
+static inline int __ecreate(struct sgx_pageinfo *pginfo, void *secs)
+{
+	return __encls_2(SGX_ECREATE, pginfo, secs);
+}
+
+static inline int __eextend(void *secs, void *addr)
+{
+	return __encls_2(SGX_EEXTEND, secs, addr);
+}
+
+static inline int __eadd(struct sgx_pageinfo *pginfo, void *addr)
+{
+	return __encls_2(SGX_EADD, pginfo, addr);
+}
+
+static inline int __einit(void *sigstruct, struct sgx_einittoken *einittoken,
+			  void *secs)
+{
+	return __encls_ret_3(SGX_EINIT, sigstruct, secs, einittoken);
+}
+
+static inline int __eremove(void *addr)
+{
+	return __encls_ret_1(SGX_EREMOVE, addr);
+}
+
+static inline int __edbgwr(void *addr, unsigned long *data)
+{
+	return __encls_2(SGX_EDGBWR, *data, addr);
+}
+
+static inline int __edbgrd(void *addr, unsigned long *data)
+{
+	return __encls_1_1(SGX_EDGBRD, *data, addr);
+}
+
+static inline int __etrack(void *addr)
+{
+	return __encls_ret_1(SGX_ETRACK, addr);
+}
+
+static inline int __eldu(struct sgx_pageinfo *pginfo, void *addr,
+			 void *va)
+{
+	return __encls_ret_3(SGX_ELDU, pginfo, addr, va);
+}
+
+static inline int __eblock(void *addr)
+{
+	return __encls_ret_1(SGX_EBLOCK, addr);
+}
+
+static inline int __epa(void *addr)
+{
+	unsigned long rbx = SGX_PAGE_TYPE_VA;
+
+	return __encls_2(SGX_EPA, rbx, addr);
+}
+
+static inline int __ewb(struct sgx_pageinfo *pginfo, void *addr,
+			void *va)
+{
+	return __encls_ret_3(SGX_EWB, pginfo, addr, va);
+}
+
+static inline int __eaug(struct sgx_pageinfo *pginfo, void *addr)
+{
+	return __encls_2(SGX_EAUG, pginfo, addr);
+}
+
+static inline int __emodpr(struct sgx_secinfo *secinfo, void *addr)
+{
+	return __encls_ret_2(SGX_EMODPR, secinfo, addr);
+}
+
+static inline int __emodt(struct sgx_secinfo *secinfo, void *addr)
+{
+	return __encls_ret_2(SGX_EMODT, secinfo, addr);
+}
+
+#endif /* _X86_ENCLS_H */
-- 
2.20.1


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 30+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-07-13 17:07 [PATCH v21 00/28] Intel SGX foundations Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 01/28] x86/cpufeatures: Add Intel-defined SGX feature bit Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 02/28] x86/cpufeatures: Add SGX sub-features (as Linux-defined bits) Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 03/28] x86/msr: Add IA32_FEATURE_CONTROL.SGX_ENABLE definition Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 04/28] x86/cpufeatures: Add Intel-defined SGX_LC feature bit Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 05/28] x86/msr: Add SGX Launch Control MSR definitions Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 06/28] x86/mm: x86/sgx: Add new 'PF_SGX' page fault error code bit Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 07/28] x86/mm: x86/sgx: Signal SIGSEGV for userspace #PFs w/ PF_SGX Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 08/28] x86/cpu/intel: Detect SGX support and update caps appropriately Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 09/28] x86/sgx: Add ENCLS architectural error codes Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 10/28] x86/sgx: Add SGX1 and SGX2 architectural data structures Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` Jarkko Sakkinen [this message]
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 12/28] x86/sgx: Enumerate and track EPC sections Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 13/28] x86/sgx: Add functions to allocate and free EPC pages Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 14/28] x86/sgx: Add sgx_einit() for initializing enclaves Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 15/28] mm: Introduce vm_ops->may_mprotect() Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 16/28] x86/sgx: Add the Linux SGX Enclave Driver Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 17/28] x86/sgx: Add provisioning Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 18/28] x86/sgx: Add swapping code to the core and SGX driver Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 19/28] x86/sgx: ptrace() support for the " Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 20/28] x86/vdso: Add support for exception fixup in vDSO functions Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 21/28] x86/fault: Add helper function to sanitize error code Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 22/28] x86/traps: Attempt to fixup exceptions in vDSO before signaling Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:07 ` [PATCH v21 23/28] x86/vdso: Add __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() to wrap SGX enclave transitions Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:08 ` [PATCH v21 24/28] selftests/x86: Add a selftest for SGX Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:08 ` [PATCH v21 25/28] x86/sgx: Update MAINTAINERS Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:08 ` [PATCH v21 26/28] docs: x86/sgx: Add Architecture documentation Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:08 ` [PATCH v21 27/28] docs: x86/sgx: Document kernel internals Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-13 17:08 ` [PATCH v21 28/28] docs: x86/sgx: Document the enclave API Jarkko Sakkinen
2019-07-14 14:36 ` [PATCH v21 00/28] Intel SGX foundations Jarkko Sakkinen

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