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* [PATCH v10] sgx.7: New page with overview of Software Guard eXtensions (SGX)
@ 2021-11-30 17:50 Jarkko Sakkinen
  2021-12-08 22:11 ` Reinette Chatre
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 5+ messages in thread
From: Jarkko Sakkinen @ 2021-11-30 17:50 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Michael Kerrisk
  Cc: linux-man, linux-sgx, dave.hansen, reinette.chatre, nathaniel,
	Jarkko Sakkinen

Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <>
* v9 was malformed, essentially a resend.
* Rename "Address Space" section as "Memory mapping", and refine the
* Rename "Ioctls" section as "Construction", and refine the text.
* Fix errors reported for the previous version.
* Added more meat about the address space and API.
* Reorganized the text to have focus more on developer to have a big
  picture of kernel provided interfaces.
* Small fixes based on Dave's and Reinette's feedback.
* Extended the "Permissions" section to cover mmap()
* Taking away hardware concepts and focusing more on the interface.
* Did a heavy edit trying to streamline the story a bit and focus on
  stuff important to the user (e.g. lighten up x86 details).
* Overhaul based on Michael's comments. Most likely needs to be refined
  in various places but this is at least a small step forward for sure.
* Fixed the semantic newlines convention and various style errors etc.
  that were reported by Alenjandro and Michael.
* SGX was merged to v5.
 man7/sgx.7 | 147 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 147 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 man7/sgx.7

diff --git a/man7/sgx.7 b/man7/sgx.7
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..696d60e18
--- /dev/null
+++ b/man7/sgx.7
@@ -0,0 +1,147 @@
+.\" Copyright (C) 2021 Intel Corporation
+.\" Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this
+.\" manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are
+.\" preserved on all copies.
+.\" Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this
+.\" manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the
+.\" entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a
+.\" permission notice identical to this one.
+.\" Since the Linux kernel and libraries are constantly changing, this
+.\" manual page may be incorrect or out-of-date.  The author(s) assume no
+.\" responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from
+.\" the use of the information contained herein.  The author(s) may not
+.\" have taken the same level of care in the production of this manual,
+.\" which is licensed free of charge, as they might when working
+.\" professionally.
+.\" Formatted or processed versions of this manual, if unaccompanied by
+.\" the source, must acknowledge the copyright and authors of this work.
+.TH SGX 7 2021\-02\-02 "Linux" "Linux Programmer's Manual"
+sgx - overview of Software Guard eXtensions
+.B #include <asm/sgx.h>
+.IB enclave " = open(""/dev/sgx_enclave", " O_RDWR);"
+Intel Software Guard eXtensions (SGX) allow applications to host
+protected executable objects in memory.
+Enclaves are blobs of executable code,
+running inside a CPU enforced container,
+which is mapped to the process address space.
+They are represented as the instances of
+.I /dev/sgx_enclave.
+They have a fixed set of entry points,
+defined when the enclave is built.
+SGX can be only available if the kernel is configured and built with the
+If CPU, BIOS and kernel have SGX enabled,
+.I sgx
+appears in the
+.I flags
+field of
+.IR /proc/cpuinfo .
+If SGX appears not to be available,
+ensure that SGX is enabled in the BIOS.
+If a BIOS presents a choice between
+.I Enabled
+.I Software Enabled
+modes for SGX,
+.I Enabled.
+.SS Memory mapping
+The file descriptor for an enclave can be shared among multiple processes.
+An enclave is required by the CPU to be placed to an address,
+which is a multiple of its size.
+An address range containing a reasonable base address can be probed with an anonymous
+.BR mmap(2)
+void *area = mmap(NULL, size * 2, PROT_NONE, MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
+                  -1, 0);
+void *base = ((uint64_t)area + size - 1) & ~(size - 1);
+The enclave file descriptor itself can be then mapped with the
+flag set to the carved out memory.
+.SS Construction
+An enclave instance is created by opening
+.I /dev/sgx_enclave.
+Its contents are populated with the
+.BR ioctl (2)
+interface in
+.IR <asm/sgx.h>:
+Create SGX Enclave Control Structure (SECS) for the enclave.
+SECS is a hardware defined structure,
+which contains the global properties of an enclave.
+is a one-shot call that fixes enclave's address and
+size for the rest of its life-cycle.
+Fill a range of the enclaves pages with the caller provided data and protection bits.
+Memory mappings of the enclave can only have protection bits set,
+which are defined in this ioctl.
+The pages added are either regular memory pages for code and data,
+or thread control structures (TCS).
+The latter define the entry points to the enclave,
+which can be entered after the initialization.
+Initialize the enclave for the run-time.
+After a successful initialization,
+no new pages can be added to the enclave.
+.SS Invocation
+Thread control structure (TCS) page are the entry points to the enclave,
+which further define an offset inside the enclave where the execution begins.
+The entry points are invoked with
+.I __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave.
+The prototype for the vDSO is defined by
+.BR vdso_sgx_enter_enclave_t
+.IR <asm/sgx.h>.
+.SS Permissions
+During the build process each enclave page is assigned protection bits,
+as part of
+These protections are also the maximum protections to which the page can be be mapped.
+.BR mmap (2)_
+is called with higher protections than those defined during the build,
+it will return
+is called after
+.BR mmap (2)
+with lower protections,
+the caller receives
+once it accesses the page for the first time.
+The SGX feature was added in Linux 5.11.
+.BR ioctl (2),
+.BR mmap (2),
+.BR mprotect (2)
\ No newline at end of file

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end of thread, other threads:[~2021-12-22  0:39 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 5+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2021-11-30 17:50 [PATCH v10] sgx.7: New page with overview of Software Guard eXtensions (SGX) Jarkko Sakkinen
2021-12-08 22:11 ` Reinette Chatre
2021-12-11 15:19   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2021-12-13 19:51     ` Reinette Chatre
2021-12-22  0:39       ` Jarkko Sakkinen

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