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From: Jethro Beekman <jethro@fortanix.com>
To: Nathaniel McCallum <npmccallum@redhat.com>,
	Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, x86@kernel.org,
	linux-sgx@vger.kernel.org, akpm@linux-foundation.org,
	dave.hansen@intel.com, "Christopherson,
	Sean J" <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>,
	Neil Horman <nhorman@redhat.com>,
	"Huang, Haitao" <haitao.huang@intel.com>,
	andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com, tglx@linutronix.de, "Svahn,
	Kai" <kai.svahn@intel.com>,
	bp@alien8.de, Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>,
	luto@kernel.org, kai.huang@intel.com,
	David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>,
	cedric.xing@intel.com, Patrick Uiterwijk <puiterwijk@redhat.com>,
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>,
	Connor Kuehl <ckuehl@redhat.com>,
	Harald Hoyer <harald@redhat.com>,
	Lily Sturmann <lsturman@redhat.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v28 21/22] x86/vdso: Implement a vDSO for Intel SGX enclave call
Date: Wed, 11 Mar 2020 18:38:01 +0100
Message-ID: <254f1e35-4302-e55f-c00d-0f91d9503498@fortanix.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAOASepPi4byhQ21hngsSx8tosCC-xa=y6r4j=pWo2MZGeyhi4Q@mail.gmail.com>


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On 2020-03-11 18:30, Nathaniel McCallum wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 3, 2020 at 6:40 PM Jarkko Sakkinen
> <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> wrote:
>>
>> From: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
>>
>> An SGX runtime must be aware of the exceptions, which happen inside an
>> enclave. Introduce a vDSO call that wraps EENTER/ERESUME cycle and returns
>> the CPU exception back to the caller exactly when it happens.
>>
>> Kernel fixups the exception information to RDI, RSI and RDX. The SGX call
>> vDSO handler fills this information to the user provided buffer or
>> alternatively trigger user provided callback at the time of the exception.
>>
>> The calling convention is custom and does not follow System V x86-64 ABI.
>>
>> Suggested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
>> Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
>> Co-developed-by: Cedric Xing <cedric.xing@intel.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Cedric Xing <cedric.xing@intel.com>
>> Tested-by: Jethro Beekman <jethro@fortanix.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
>> ---
>>  arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile             |   2 +
>>  arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso.lds.S           |   1 +
>>  arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx_enter_enclave.S | 187 +++++++++++++++++++++++
>>  arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sgx.h          |  37 +++++
>>  4 files changed, 227 insertions(+)
>>  create mode 100644 arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx_enter_enclave.S
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
>> index 657e01d34d02..fa50c76a17a8 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
>> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
>> @@ -24,6 +24,7 @@ VDSO32-$(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION)       := y
>>
>>  # files to link into the vdso
>>  vobjs-y := vdso-note.o vclock_gettime.o vgetcpu.o
>> +vobjs-$(VDSO64-y)              += vsgx_enter_enclave.o
>>
>>  # files to link into kernel
>>  obj-y                          += vma.o extable.o
>> @@ -90,6 +91,7 @@ $(vobjs): KBUILD_CFLAGS := $(filter-out $(GCC_PLUGINS_CFLAGS) $(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS
>>  CFLAGS_REMOVE_vclock_gettime.o = -pg
>>  CFLAGS_REMOVE_vdso32/vclock_gettime.o = -pg
>>  CFLAGS_REMOVE_vgetcpu.o = -pg
>> +CFLAGS_REMOVE_vsgx_enter_enclave.o = -pg
>>
>>  #
>>  # X32 processes use x32 vDSO to access 64bit kernel data.
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso.lds.S b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso.lds.S
>> index 36b644e16272..4bf48462fca7 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso.lds.S
>> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso.lds.S
>> @@ -27,6 +27,7 @@ VERSION {
>>                 __vdso_time;
>>                 clock_getres;
>>                 __vdso_clock_getres;
>> +               __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave;
>>         local: *;
>>         };
>>  }
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx_enter_enclave.S b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx_enter_enclave.S
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..94a8e5f99961
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx_enter_enclave.S
>> @@ -0,0 +1,187 @@
>> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/linkage.h>
>> +#include <asm/export.h>
>> +#include <asm/errno.h>
>> +
>> +#include "extable.h"
>> +
>> +#define EX_LEAF                0*8
>> +#define EX_TRAPNR      0*8+4
>> +#define EX_ERROR_CODE  0*8+6
>> +#define EX_ADDRESS     1*8
>> +
>> +.code64
>> +.section .text, "ax"
>> +
>> +/**
>> + * __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() - Enter an SGX enclave
>> + * @leaf:      ENCLU leaf, must be EENTER or ERESUME
>> + * @tcs:       TCS, must be non-NULL
>> + * @e:         Optional struct sgx_enclave_exception instance
>> + * @handler:   Optional enclave exit handler
>> + *
>> + * **Important!**  __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() is **NOT** compliant with the
>> + * x86-64 ABI, i.e. cannot be called from standard C code.
>> + *
>> + * Input ABI:
>> + *  @leaf      %eax
>> + *  @tcs       8(%rsp)
>> + *  @e                 0x10(%rsp)
>> + *  @handler   0x18(%rsp)
>> + *
>> + * Output ABI:
>> + *  @ret       %eax
>> + *
>> + * All general purpose registers except RAX, RBX and RCX are passed as-is to
>> + * the enclave. RAX, RBX and RCX are consumed by EENTER and ERESUME and are
>> + * loaded with @leaf, asynchronous exit pointer, and @tcs respectively.
>> + *
>> + * RBP and the stack are used to anchor __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() to the
>> + * pre-enclave state, e.g. to retrieve @e and @handler after an enclave exit.
>> + * All other registers are available for use by the enclave and its runtime,
>> + * e.g. an enclave can push additional data onto the stack (and modify RSP) to
>> + * pass information to the optional exit handler (see below).
>> + *
>> + * Most exceptions reported on ENCLU, including those that occur within the
>> + * enclave, are fixed up and reported synchronously instead of being delivered
>> + * via a standard signal. Debug Exceptions (#DB) and Breakpoints (#BP) are
>> + * never fixed up and are always delivered via standard signals. On synchrously
>> + * reported exceptions, -EFAULT is returned and details about the exception are
>> + * recorded in @e, the optional sgx_enclave_exception struct.
>> +
>> + * If an exit handler is provided, the handler will be invoked on synchronous
>> + * exits from the enclave and for all synchronously reported exceptions. In
>> + * latter case, @e is filled prior to invoking the handler.
>> + *
>> + * The exit handler's return value is interpreted as follows:
>> + *  >0:                continue, restart __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() with @ret as @leaf
>> + *   0:                success, return @ret to the caller
>> + *  <0:                error, return @ret to the caller
>> + *
>> + * The userspace exit handler is responsible for unwinding the stack, e.g. to
>> + * pop @e, u_rsp and @tcs, prior to returning to __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave().
>> + * The exit handler may also transfer control, e.g. via longjmp() or a C++
>> + * exception, without returning to __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave().
>> + *
>> + * Return:
>> + *  0 on success,
>> + *  -EINVAL if ENCLU leaf is not allowed,
>> + *  -EFAULT if an exception occurs on ENCLU or within the enclave
>> + *  -errno for all other negative values returned by the userspace exit handler
>> + */
>> +#ifdef SGX_KERNEL_DOC
>> +/* C-style function prototype to coerce kernel-doc into parsing the comment. */
>> +int __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave(int leaf, void *tcs,
>> +                            struct sgx_enclave_exception *e,
>> +                            sgx_enclave_exit_handler_t handler);
>> +#endif
>> +SYM_FUNC_START(__vdso_sgx_enter_enclave)
> 
> Currently, the selftest has a wrapper around
> __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() which preserves all x86-64 ABI callee-saved
> registers (CSRs), though it uses none of them. Then it calls this
> function which uses %rbx but preserves none of the CSRs. Then it jumps
> into an enclave which zeroes all these registers before returning.
> Thus:
> 
>   1. wrapper saves all CSRs
>   2. wrapper repositions stack arguments
>   3. __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() modifies, but does not save %rbx
>   4. selftest zeros all CSRs
>   5. wrapper loads all CSRs
> 
> I'd like to propose instead that the enclave be responsible for saving
> and restoring CSRs. So instead of the above we have:
>   1. __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() saves %rbx
>   2. enclave saves CSRs
>   3. enclave loads CSRs
>   4. __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() loads %rbx
> 
> I know that lots of other stuff happens during enclave transitions,
> but at the very least we could reduce the number of instructions
> through this critical path.

The current calling convention for __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave has been carefully designed to mimic just calling ENCLU[EENTER] as closely as possible.

I'm not sure why you're referring to the selftest wrapper here, that doesn't seem relevant to me. 

--
Jethro Beekman | Fortanix


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  reply index

Thread overview: 109+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-03-03 23:35 [PATCH v28 00/22] Intel SGX foundations Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:35 ` [PATCH v28 01/22] x86/sgx: Update MAINTAINERS Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:35 ` [PATCH v28 02/22] x86/cpufeatures: x86/msr: Add Intel SGX hardware bits Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:35 ` [PATCH v28 03/22] x86/cpufeatures: x86/msr: Intel SGX Launch Control " Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:35 ` [PATCH v28 04/22] x86/mm: x86/sgx: Signal SIGSEGV with PF_SGX Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:35 ` [PATCH v28 05/22] x86/sgx: Add SGX microarchitectural data structures Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:35 ` [PATCH v28 06/22] x86/sgx: Add wrappers for ENCLS leaf functions Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-09 21:14   ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-03 23:35 ` [PATCH v28 07/22] x86/cpu/intel: Detect SGX supprt Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-09 21:56   ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-11 17:03     ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:35 ` [PATCH v28 08/22] x86/sgx: Enumerate and track EPC sections Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:35 ` [PATCH v28 09/22] x86/sgx: Add functions to allocate and free EPC pages Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:35 ` [PATCH v28 10/22] mm: Introduce vm_ops->may_mprotect() Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:35 ` [PATCH v28 11/22] x86/sgx: Linux Enclave Driver Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-05 17:40   ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-05 18:24     ` Jethro Beekman
2020-03-05 19:04       ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-06 19:00       ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-19 18:22         ` Dr. Greg
2020-03-06 18:58     ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:35 ` [PATCH v28 12/22] docs: x86/sgx: Document SGX micro architecture and kernel internals Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:36 ` [PATCH v28 13/22] selftests/x86: Recurse into subdirectories Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:36 ` [PATCH v28 14/22] selftests/x86: Add a selftest for SGX Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-04 19:27   ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-05 11:33     ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-06 15:42       ` Dr. Greg
2020-03-06 19:07         ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-07 17:42           ` Dr. Greg
2020-03-10 13:08             ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-11 13:28       ` Jarkko Sakkinen
     [not found]         ` <20200311164047.GG21852@linux.intel.com>
2020-03-13 19:24           ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-04 19:44   ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-04 19:51   ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-06  5:32   ` Dr. Greg
2020-03-06 19:04     ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-10 19:29     ` Haitao Huang
2020-03-11  9:13       ` Dr. Greg
2020-03-11 17:15         ` Haitao Huang
2020-03-17  1:07       ` Dr. Greg
2020-03-03 23:36 ` [PATCH v28 15/22] x86/sgx: Add provisioning Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:36 ` [PATCH v28 16/22] x86/sgx: Add a page reclaimer Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-05 19:03   ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-06 18:47     ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-12 18:38       ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-15  0:27         ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-15  1:17           ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-09 21:16   ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-03 23:36 ` [PATCH v28 17/22] x86/sgx: ptrace() support for the SGX driver Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:36 ` [PATCH v28 18/22] x86/vdso: Add support for exception fixup in vDSO functions Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:36 ` [PATCH v28 19/22] x86/fault: Add helper function to sanitize error code Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:36 ` [PATCH v28 20/22] x86/traps: Attempt to fixup exceptions in vDSO before signaling Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-03 23:36 ` [PATCH v28 21/22] x86/vdso: Implement a vDSO for Intel SGX enclave call Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-11 17:30   ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-11 17:38     ` Jethro Beekman [this message]
2020-03-11 19:15       ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-13 15:48       ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-13 16:46         ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-13 18:32           ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-13 18:44             ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-13 20:14               ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-13 22:08                 ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-14 14:10                   ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-18 23:40                     ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-19  0:38                       ` Xing, Cedric
2020-03-19  1:03                         ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-20 13:55                       ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-15  1:25     ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-15 17:53       ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-16 13:31         ` Jethro Beekman
2020-03-16 13:57           ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-16 13:59             ` Jethro Beekman
2020-03-16 14:03               ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-16 17:17                 ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-16 21:27             ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-16 21:29               ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-16 22:55           ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-16 23:56             ` Xing, Cedric
2020-03-18 22:01               ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-18 22:18                 ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-16 13:56         ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-16 14:01           ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-16 21:38             ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-16 22:53               ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-16 23:50                 ` Xing, Cedric
2020-03-16 23:59                   ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-17  0:18                     ` Xing, Cedric
2020-03-17  0:27                       ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-17 16:37                         ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-17 16:50                       ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-17 21:40                         ` Xing, Cedric
2020-03-17 22:09                           ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-17 22:36                             ` Xing, Cedric
2020-03-17 23:57                               ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-17 22:23                         ` Xing, Cedric
2020-03-18 13:01                           ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-20 15:53                             ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-17 16:28                 ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-18 22:58                   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-18 22:39                 ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-11 19:30   ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-13  0:52     ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-13 16:07       ` Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-13 16:33         ` Sean Christopherson
2020-03-03 23:36 ` [PATCH v28 22/22] selftests/x86: Add vDSO selftest for SGX Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-04 19:24 ` [PATCH v28 00/22] Intel SGX foundations Nathaniel McCallum
2020-03-17 16:00 ` Jordan Hand
2020-03-18 21:56   ` Jarkko Sakkinen
2020-03-19 17:16   ` Dr. Greg

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