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* [PATCH][next] spi: spi-fsl-lpspi: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array member
@ 2020-03-20 23:25 Gustavo A. R. Silva
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: Gustavo A. R. Silva @ 2020-03-20 23:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mark Brown; +Cc: linux-spi, linux-kernel, Gustavo A. R. Silva

The current codebase makes use of the zero-length array language
extension to the C90 standard, but the preferred mechanism to declare
variable-length types such as these ones is a flexible array member[1][2],
introduced in C99:

struct foo {
        int stuff;
        struct boo array[];
};

By making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
inadvertently introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.

Also, notice that, dynamic memory allocations won't be affected by
this change:

"Flexible array members have incomplete type, and so the sizeof operator
may not be applied. As a quirk of the original implementation of
zero-length arrays, sizeof evaluates to zero."[1]

This issue was found with the help of Coccinelle.

[1] https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Zero-Length.html
[2] https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/21
[3] commit 76497732932f ("cxgb3/l2t: Fix undefined behaviour")

Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavo@embeddedor.com>
---
 drivers/spi/spi-fsl-lpspi.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/spi/spi-fsl-lpspi.c b/drivers/spi/spi-fsl-lpspi.c
index 298329b781d2..8b41b70f6f5c 100644
--- a/drivers/spi/spi-fsl-lpspi.c
+++ b/drivers/spi/spi-fsl-lpspi.c
@@ -123,7 +123,7 @@ struct fsl_lpspi_data {
 	struct completion dma_rx_completion;
 	struct completion dma_tx_completion;
 
-	int chipselect[0];
+	int chipselect[];
 };
 
 static const struct of_device_id fsl_lpspi_dt_ids[] = {
-- 
2.23.0

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2020-03-20 23:25 [PATCH][next] spi: spi-fsl-lpspi: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array member Gustavo A. R. Silva

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