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* [PATCH v8 RESEND] staging: unisys: visorhba: Convert module from IDR to XArray
@ 2021-05-14  8:11 Fabio M. De Francesco
  2021-06-15 11:50 ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Fabio M. De Francesco @ 2021-05-14  8:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David Kershner, Greg Kroah-Hartman, sparmaintainer,
	linux-staging, linux-kernel, Matthew Wilcox, Daniel Vetter,
	Dan Carpenter
  Cc: Fabio M. De Francesco

Converted visorhba from IDR to XArray. The abstract data type XArray is
more memory-efficient, parallelizable, and cache friendly. It takes
advantage of RCU to perform lookups without locking. Furthermore, IDR is
deprecated because XArray has a better (cleaner and more consistent)
API.

Signed-off-by: Fabio M. De Francesco <fmdefrancesco@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
---

Resubmitting the patch with the addition of "Reviewed-by: 
Dan Carpenter" (thanks, Dan) and because I suspect the S-PAR 
maintainers missed this in the noise. 
I'd appreciate a review by Unisys engineers on this patch. 
Also, I'd appreciate a Matthew Wilcox review as the XArray 
maintainer.

Changes from v7: Removed xa_destroy, since its insertion was due to the
misunderstanding of the reviews on v5. Removed unnecessary 'else'
clauses.
Changes from v6: Added a call to xa_destroy() that I had forgotten.
Fixed taking locks with interrupts disabled (use xa_erase_irq()).
Replaced checking for success with checking for failure. Issues detected
by Dan Carpenter and Matthew Wilcox.
Changes from v5: As suggested by Matthew Wilcox, reworded the commit
message, modified setup_scsitaskmgmt_handles() to manage and return errors,
used 'xa_limit_32b' as the range of indexes (because there is no need to
use 0 as a marker of no allocation).
Changes from v4: Fixed some issues detected by Matthew Wilcox and Fabio
Aiuto.
Changes from v3: Matthew Wilcox found that the XArray was not
initialized: now it is. Changed types handles from u64 to u32 because
they can't work as arguments of xa_alloc_irq() and u32 is enough large
for storing XArray indexes.
Changes from v2: Some residual errors from v1 were not fixed in v2. Now
they have been removed.
Changes from v1: After a first review by Matthew Wilcox, who found a
series of errors and gave suggestions on how to fix them, I rewrote a
larger part of the patch.

 .../staging/unisys/visorhba/visorhba_main.c   | 101 +++++++-----------
 1 file changed, 41 insertions(+), 60 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/staging/unisys/visorhba/visorhba_main.c b/drivers/staging/unisys/visorhba/visorhba_main.c
index 4455d26f7c96..41f8a72a2a95 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/unisys/visorhba/visorhba_main.c
+++ b/drivers/staging/unisys/visorhba/visorhba_main.c
@@ -6,10 +6,10 @@
 
 #include <linux/debugfs.h>
 #include <linux/kthread.h>
-#include <linux/idr.h>
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
 #include <linux/visorbus.h>
+#include <linux/xarray.h>
 #include <scsi/scsi.h>
 #include <scsi/scsi_host.h>
 #include <scsi/scsi_cmnd.h>
@@ -82,8 +82,7 @@ struct visorhba_devdata {
 	 * allows us to pass int handles back-and-forth between us and
 	 * iovm, instead of raw pointers
 	 */
-	struct idr idr;
-
+	struct xarray xa;
 	struct dentry *debugfs_dir;
 	struct dentry *debugfs_info;
 };
@@ -182,71 +181,48 @@ static struct uiscmdrsp *get_scsipending_cmdrsp(struct visorhba_devdata *ddata,
 	return NULL;
 }
 
-/*
- * simple_idr_get - Associate a provided pointer with an int value
- *		    1 <= value <= INT_MAX, and return this int value;
- *		    the pointer value can be obtained later by passing
- *		    this int value to idr_find()
- * @idrtable: The data object maintaining the pointer<-->int mappings
- * @p:	      The pointer value to be remembered
- * @lock:     A spinlock used when exclusive access to idrtable is needed
- *
- * Return: The id number mapped to pointer 'p', 0 on failure
- */
-static unsigned int simple_idr_get(struct idr *idrtable, void *p,
-				   spinlock_t *lock)
-{
-	int id;
-	unsigned long flags;
-
-	idr_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
-	spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags);
-	id = idr_alloc(idrtable, p, 1, INT_MAX, GFP_NOWAIT);
-	spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags);
-	idr_preload_end();
-	/* failure */
-	if (id < 0)
-		return 0;
-	/* idr_alloc() guarantees > 0 */
-	return (unsigned int)(id);
-}
-
 /*
  * setup_scsitaskmgmt_handles - Stash the necessary handles so that the
  *				completion processing logic for a taskmgmt
  *				cmd will be able to find who to wake up
  *				and where to stash the result
- * @idrtable: The data object maintaining the pointer<-->int mappings
- * @lock:     A spinlock used when exclusive access to idrtable is needed
+ * @xa:       The data object maintaining the pointer<-->int mappings
  * @cmdrsp:   Response from the IOVM
  * @event:    The event handle to associate with an id
  * @result:   The location to place the result of the event handle into
  */
-static void setup_scsitaskmgmt_handles(struct idr *idrtable, spinlock_t *lock,
-				       struct uiscmdrsp *cmdrsp,
+static int setup_scsitaskmgmt_handles(struct xarray *xa, struct uiscmdrsp *cmdrsp,
 				       wait_queue_head_t *event, int *result)
 {
-	/* specify the event that has to be triggered when this */
-	/* cmd is complete */
-	cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.notify_handle =
-		simple_idr_get(idrtable, event, lock);
-	cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.notifyresult_handle =
-		simple_idr_get(idrtable, result, lock);
+	int ret;
+	u32 id;
+
+	/* specify the event that has to be triggered when this cmd is complete */
+	ret = xa_alloc_irq(xa, &id, event, xa_limit_32b, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+	cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.notify_handle = id;
+	ret = xa_alloc_irq(xa, &id, result, xa_limit_32b, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (ret) {
+		xa_erase_irq(xa, cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.notify_handle);
+		return ret;
+	}
+	cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.notifyresult_handle = id;
+
+	return 0;
 }
 
 /*
  * cleanup_scsitaskmgmt_handles - Forget handles created by
  *				  setup_scsitaskmgmt_handles()
- * @idrtable: The data object maintaining the pointer<-->int mappings
+ * @xa: The data object maintaining the pointer<-->int mappings
  * @cmdrsp:   Response from the IOVM
  */
-static void cleanup_scsitaskmgmt_handles(struct idr *idrtable,
+static void cleanup_scsitaskmgmt_handles(struct xarray *xa,
 					 struct uiscmdrsp *cmdrsp)
 {
-	if (cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.notify_handle)
-		idr_remove(idrtable, cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.notify_handle);
-	if (cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.notifyresult_handle)
-		idr_remove(idrtable, cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.notifyresult_handle);
+	xa_erase_irq(xa, cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.notify_handle);
+	xa_erase_irq(xa, cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.notifyresult_handle);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -269,6 +245,7 @@ static int forward_taskmgmt_command(enum task_mgmt_types tasktype,
 	int notifyresult = 0xffff;
 	wait_queue_head_t notifyevent;
 	int scsicmd_id;
+	int ret;
 
 	if (devdata->serverdown || devdata->serverchangingstate)
 		return FAILED;
@@ -284,8 +261,14 @@ static int forward_taskmgmt_command(enum task_mgmt_types tasktype,
 
 	/* issue TASK_MGMT_ABORT_TASK */
 	cmdrsp->cmdtype = CMD_SCSITASKMGMT_TYPE;
-	setup_scsitaskmgmt_handles(&devdata->idr, &devdata->privlock, cmdrsp,
-				   &notifyevent, &notifyresult);
+
+	ret = setup_scsitaskmgmt_handles(&devdata->xa, cmdrsp,
+					 &notifyevent, &notifyresult);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_dbg(&scsidev->sdev_gendev,
+		        "visorhba: setup_scsitaskmgmt_handles returned %d\n", ret);
+		return FAILED;
+	}
 
 	/* save destination */
 	cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.tasktype = tasktype;
@@ -311,14 +294,14 @@ static int forward_taskmgmt_command(enum task_mgmt_types tasktype,
 	dev_dbg(&scsidev->sdev_gendev,
 		"visorhba: taskmgmt type=%d success; result=0x%x\n",
 		 tasktype, notifyresult);
-	cleanup_scsitaskmgmt_handles(&devdata->idr, cmdrsp);
+	cleanup_scsitaskmgmt_handles(&devdata->xa, cmdrsp);
 	return SUCCESS;
 
 err_del_scsipending_ent:
 	dev_dbg(&scsidev->sdev_gendev,
 		"visorhba: taskmgmt type=%d not executed\n", tasktype);
 	del_scsipending_ent(devdata, scsicmd_id);
-	cleanup_scsitaskmgmt_handles(&devdata->idr, cmdrsp);
+	cleanup_scsitaskmgmt_handles(&devdata->xa, cmdrsp);
 	return FAILED;
 }
 
@@ -654,13 +637,13 @@ DEFINE_SHOW_ATTRIBUTE(info_debugfs);
  * Service Partition returned the result of the task management
  * command. Wake up anyone waiting for it.
  */
-static void complete_taskmgmt_command(struct idr *idrtable,
+static void complete_taskmgmt_command(struct xarray *xa,
 				      struct uiscmdrsp *cmdrsp, int result)
 {
 	wait_queue_head_t *wq =
-		idr_find(idrtable, cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.notify_handle);
+		xa_load(xa, cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.notify_handle);
 	int *scsi_result_ptr =
-		idr_find(idrtable, cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.notifyresult_handle);
+		xa_load(xa, cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.notifyresult_handle);
 	if (unlikely(!(wq && scsi_result_ptr))) {
 		pr_err("visorhba: no completion context; cmd will time out\n");
 		return;
@@ -708,7 +691,7 @@ static void visorhba_serverdown_complete(struct visorhba_devdata *devdata)
 			break;
 		case CMD_SCSITASKMGMT_TYPE:
 			cmdrsp = pendingdel->sent;
-			complete_taskmgmt_command(&devdata->idr, cmdrsp,
+			complete_taskmgmt_command(&devdata->xa, cmdrsp,
 						  TASK_MGMT_FAILED);
 			break;
 		default:
@@ -905,7 +888,7 @@ static void drain_queue(struct uiscmdrsp *cmdrsp,
 			if (!del_scsipending_ent(devdata,
 						 cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.handle))
 				break;
-			complete_taskmgmt_command(&devdata->idr, cmdrsp,
+			complete_taskmgmt_command(&devdata->xa, cmdrsp,
 						  cmdrsp->scsitaskmgmt.result);
 		} else if (cmdrsp->cmdtype == CMD_NOTIFYGUEST_TYPE)
 			dev_err_once(&devdata->dev->device,
@@ -1053,7 +1036,7 @@ static int visorhba_probe(struct visor_device *dev)
 	if (err)
 		goto err_debugfs_info;
 
-	idr_init(&devdata->idr);
+	xa_init(&devdata->xa);
 
 	devdata->cmdrsp = kmalloc(sizeof(*devdata->cmdrsp), GFP_ATOMIC);
 	visorbus_enable_channel_interrupts(dev);
@@ -1096,8 +1079,6 @@ static void visorhba_remove(struct visor_device *dev)
 	scsi_remove_host(scsihost);
 	scsi_host_put(scsihost);
 
-	idr_destroy(&devdata->idr);
-
 	dev_set_drvdata(&dev->device, NULL);
 	debugfs_remove(devdata->debugfs_info);
 	debugfs_remove_recursive(devdata->debugfs_dir);
-- 
2.31.1


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2021-05-14  8:11 [PATCH v8 RESEND] staging: unisys: visorhba: Convert module from IDR to XArray Fabio M. De Francesco
2021-06-15 11:50 ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-16 16:56   ` Fabio M. De Francesco

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