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From: Nicolin Chen <nicoleotsuka@gmail.com>
To: thierry.reding@gmail.com, joro@8bytes.org, digetx@gmail.com
Cc: vdumpa@nvidia.com, jonathanh@nvidia.com,
	linux-tegra@vger.kernel.org, iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v7 2/3] iommu/tegra-smmu: Rework tegra_smmu_probe_device()
Date: Fri,  9 Oct 2020 09:19:35 -0700
Message-ID: <20201009161936.23122-3-nicoleotsuka@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20201009161936.23122-1-nicoleotsuka@gmail.com>

The bus_set_iommu() in tegra_smmu_probe() enumerates all clients
to call in tegra_smmu_probe_device() where each client searches
its DT node for smmu pointer and swgroup ID, so as to configure
an fwspec. But this requires a valid smmu pointer even before mc
and smmu drivers are probed. So in tegra_smmu_probe() we added a
line of code to fill mc->smmu, marking "a bit of a hack".

This works for most of clients in the DTB, however, doesn't work
for a client that doesn't exist in DTB, a PCI device for example.

Actually, if we return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV) in ->probe_device() when
it's called from bus_set_iommu(), iommu core will let everything
carry on. Then when a client gets probed, of_iommu_configure() in
iommu core will search DTB for swgroup ID and call ->of_xlate()
to prepare an fwspec, similar to tegra_smmu_probe_device() and
tegra_smmu_configure(). Then it'll call tegra_smmu_probe_device()
again, and this time we shall return smmu->iommu pointer properly.

So we can get rid of tegra_smmu_find() and tegra_smmu_configure()
along with DT polling code by letting the iommu core handle every
thing, except a problem that we search iommus property in DTB not
only for swgroup ID but also for mc node to get mc->smmu pointer
to call dev_iommu_priv_set() and return the smmu->iommu pointer.
So we'll need to find another way to get smmu pointer.

Referencing the implementation of sun50i-iommu driver, of_xlate()
has client's dev pointer, mc node and swgroup ID. This means that
we can call dev_iommu_priv_set() in of_xlate() instead, so we can
simply get smmu pointer in ->probe_device().

This patch reworks tegra_smmu_probe_device() by:
1) Removing mc->smmu hack in tegra_smmu_probe() so as to return
   ERR_PTR(-ENODEV) in tegra_smmu_probe_device() during stage of
   tegra_smmu_probe/tegra_mc_probe().
2) Moving dev_iommu_priv_set() to of_xlate() so we can get smmu
   pointer in tegra_smmu_probe_device() to replace DTB polling.
3) Removing tegra_smmu_configure() accordingly since iommu core
   takes care of it.

This also fixes a problem that previously we could add clients to
iommu groups before iommu core initializes its default domain:
    ubuntu@jetson:~$ dmesg | grep iommu
    platform 50000000.host1x: Adding to iommu group 1
    platform 57000000.gpu: Adding to iommu group 2
    iommu: Default domain type: Translated
    platform 54200000.dc: Adding to iommu group 3
    platform 54240000.dc: Adding to iommu group 3
    platform 54340000.vic: Adding to iommu group 4

Though it works fine with IOMMU_DOMAIN_UNMANAGED, but will have
warnings if switching to IOMMU_DOMAIN_DMA:
    iommu: Failed to allocate default IOMMU domain of type 0 for
           group (null) - Falling back to IOMMU_DOMAIN_DMA
    iommu: Failed to allocate default IOMMU domain of type 0 for
           group (null) - Falling back to IOMMU_DOMAIN_DMA

Now, bypassing the first probe_device() call from bus_set_iommu()
fixes the sequence:
    ubuntu@jetson:~$ dmesg | grep iommu
    iommu: Default domain type: Translated
    tegra-host1x 50000000.host1x: Adding to iommu group 0
    tegra-dc 54200000.dc: Adding to iommu group 1
    tegra-dc 54240000.dc: Adding to iommu group 1
    tegra-vic 54340000.vic: Adding to iommu group 2
    nouveau 57000000.gpu: Adding to iommu group 3

Note that dmesg log above is testing with IOMMU_DOMAIN_UNMANAGED.

Reviewed-by: Dmitry Osipenko <digetx@gmail.com>
Tested-by: Dmitry Osipenko <digetx@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Nicolin Chen <nicoleotsuka@gmail.com>
---

Changelog
v6->v7
 * Added comments for put_device(), suggested by Thierry.
v5->v6
 * Dropped NULL mc/smmu pointer check, suggested by Dmitry.
 * Updated commit message with test results with vanilla DTB.
 * Added Dmitry's Reviewed-by and Tested-by.
v4->v5
 * Replaced of_node_put() with put_device() in of_xlate().
 * Added test result in commit message.
v3->v4
 * Moved dev_iommu_priv_set() to of_xlate() so we don't need
   to poll DTB for smmu pointer.
 * Removed the hack in tegra_smmu_probe() by returning ERR_PTR(
   -ENODEV) in tegra_smmu_probe_device() to let iommu core call
   in again.
 * Removed tegra_smmu_find() and tegra_smmu_configure() as iommu
   core takes care of fwspec.
v2->v3
 * Used devm_tegra_get_memory_controller() to get mc pointer
 * Replaced IS_ERR_OR_NULL with IS_ERR in .probe_device()
v1->v2
 * Replaced in .probe_device() tegra_smmu_find/tegra_smmu_configure()
   with tegra_get_memory_controller call.
 * Dropped the hack in tegra_smmu_probe().

 drivers/iommu/tegra-smmu.c | 96 ++++++--------------------------------
 1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 81 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/tegra-smmu.c b/drivers/iommu/tegra-smmu.c
index 297d49f3f80e..be29f5977145 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/tegra-smmu.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/tegra-smmu.c
@@ -797,75 +797,9 @@ static phys_addr_t tegra_smmu_iova_to_phys(struct iommu_domain *domain,
 	return SMMU_PFN_PHYS(pfn) + SMMU_OFFSET_IN_PAGE(iova);
 }
 
-static struct tegra_smmu *tegra_smmu_find(struct device_node *np)
-{
-	struct platform_device *pdev;
-	struct tegra_mc *mc;
-
-	pdev = of_find_device_by_node(np);
-	if (!pdev)
-		return NULL;
-
-	mc = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
-	if (!mc)
-		return NULL;
-
-	return mc->smmu;
-}
-
-static int tegra_smmu_configure(struct tegra_smmu *smmu, struct device *dev,
-				struct of_phandle_args *args)
-{
-	const struct iommu_ops *ops = smmu->iommu.ops;
-	int err;
-
-	err = iommu_fwspec_init(dev, &dev->of_node->fwnode, ops);
-	if (err < 0) {
-		dev_err(dev, "failed to initialize fwspec: %d\n", err);
-		return err;
-	}
-
-	err = ops->of_xlate(dev, args);
-	if (err < 0) {
-		dev_err(dev, "failed to parse SW group ID: %d\n", err);
-		iommu_fwspec_free(dev);
-		return err;
-	}
-
-	return 0;
-}
-
 static struct iommu_device *tegra_smmu_probe_device(struct device *dev)
 {
-	struct device_node *np = dev->of_node;
-	struct tegra_smmu *smmu = NULL;
-	struct of_phandle_args args;
-	unsigned int index = 0;
-	int err;
-
-	while (of_parse_phandle_with_args(np, "iommus", "#iommu-cells", index,
-					  &args) == 0) {
-		smmu = tegra_smmu_find(args.np);
-		if (smmu) {
-			err = tegra_smmu_configure(smmu, dev, &args);
-			of_node_put(args.np);
-
-			if (err < 0)
-				return ERR_PTR(err);
-
-			/*
-			 * Only a single IOMMU master interface is currently
-			 * supported by the Linux kernel, so abort after the
-			 * first match.
-			 */
-			dev_iommu_priv_set(dev, smmu);
-
-			break;
-		}
-
-		of_node_put(args.np);
-		index++;
-	}
+	struct tegra_smmu *smmu = dev_iommu_priv_get(dev);
 
 	if (!smmu)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
@@ -873,10 +807,7 @@ static struct iommu_device *tegra_smmu_probe_device(struct device *dev)
 	return &smmu->iommu;
 }
 
-static void tegra_smmu_release_device(struct device *dev)
-{
-	dev_iommu_priv_set(dev, NULL);
-}
+static void tegra_smmu_release_device(struct device *dev) {}
 
 static const struct tegra_smmu_group_soc *
 tegra_smmu_find_group(struct tegra_smmu *smmu, unsigned int swgroup)
@@ -953,8 +884,21 @@ static struct iommu_group *tegra_smmu_device_group(struct device *dev)
 static int tegra_smmu_of_xlate(struct device *dev,
 			       struct of_phandle_args *args)
 {
+	struct platform_device *iommu_pdev = of_find_device_by_node(args->np);
+	struct tegra_mc *mc = platform_get_drvdata(iommu_pdev);
 	u32 id = args->args[0];
 
+	/*
+	 * Note: we are here releasing the reference of &iommu_pdev->dev, which
+	 * is mc->dev. Although some functions in tegra_smmu_ops may keep using
+	 * its private data beyond this point, it's still safe to do so because
+	 * the SMMU parent device is the same as the MC, so the reference count
+	 * isn't strictly necessary.
+	 */
+	put_device(&iommu_pdev->dev);
+
+	dev_iommu_priv_set(dev, mc->smmu);
+
 	return iommu_fwspec_add_ids(dev, &id, 1);
 }
 
@@ -1079,16 +1023,6 @@ struct tegra_smmu *tegra_smmu_probe(struct device *dev,
 	if (!smmu)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 
-	/*
-	 * This is a bit of a hack. Ideally we'd want to simply return this
-	 * value. However the IOMMU registration process will attempt to add
-	 * all devices to the IOMMU when bus_set_iommu() is called. In order
-	 * not to rely on global variables to track the IOMMU instance, we
-	 * set it here so that it can be looked up from the .probe_device()
-	 * callback via the IOMMU device's .drvdata field.
-	 */
-	mc->smmu = smmu;
-
 	size = BITS_TO_LONGS(soc->num_asids) * sizeof(long);
 
 	smmu->asids = devm_kzalloc(dev, size, GFP_KERNEL);
-- 
2.17.1


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 12+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-10-09 16:19 [PATCH v7 0/3] iommu/tegra-smmu: Add PCI support Nicolin Chen
2020-10-09 16:19 ` [PATCH v7 1/3] iommu/tegra-smmu: Use fwspec in tegra_smmu_(de)attach_dev Nicolin Chen
2020-10-09 16:19 ` Nicolin Chen [this message]
2020-10-09 16:19 ` [PATCH v7 3/3] iommu/tegra-smmu: Add PCI support Nicolin Chen
2020-10-14 17:42   ` Robin Murphy
2020-10-15  4:13     ` Nicolin Chen
2020-10-15  9:55       ` Robin Murphy
2020-10-16  3:53         ` Nicolin Chen
2020-10-16 14:10           ` Robin Murphy
2020-10-17  1:56             ` Nicolin Chen
2020-10-19 10:55               ` Robin Murphy
2020-11-07  8:38 ` [PATCH v7 0/3] " Nicolin Chen

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