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* [PATCH] ovl: restrict lower null uuid for "xino=auto"
@ 2021-03-09 16:26 Amir Goldstein
  2021-04-09  9:33 ` Miklos Szeredi
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 2+ messages in thread
From: Amir Goldstein @ 2021-03-09 16:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Miklos Szeredi; +Cc: Fabian, Kevin Locke, linux-unionfs

Commit a888db310195 ("ovl: fix regression with re-formatted lower
squashfs") attempted to fix a regression with existing setups that
use a practice that we are trying to discourage.

The discourage part was described this way in the commit message:
"To avoid the reported regression while still allowing the new features
 with single lower squashfs, do not allow decoding origin with lower null
 uuid unless user opted-in to one of the new features that require
 following the lower inode of non-dir upper (index, xino, metacopy)."

The three mentioned features are disabled by default in Kconfig, so
it was assumed that if they are enabled, the user opted-in for them.
Apparently, distros started to configure CONFIG_OVERLAY_FS_XINO_AUTO=y
some time ago, so users upgrading their kernels can still be affected
by said regression even though they never opted-in for any new feature.

To fix this, treat "xino=on" as "user opted-in", but not "xino=auto".
Since we are changing the behavior of "xino=auto" to no longer follow
to lower origin with null uuid, take this one step further and disable
xino in that corner case.  To be consistent, disable xino also in cases
of lower fs without file handle support and upper fs without xattr
support.

Update documentation w.r.t the new "xino=auto" behavior and fix the out
dated bits of documentation regarding "xino" and regarding offline
modifications to lower layers.

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-unionfs/b36a429d7c563730c28d763d4d57a6fc30508a4f.1615216996.git.kevin@kevinlocke.name/
Fixes: a888db310195 ("ovl: fix regression with re-formatted lower squashfs")
Signed-off-by: Amir Goldstein <amir73il@gmail.com>
---

Miklos,

What do you think about this?
I guess the chances of anyone complaining about the "regression"
with CONFIG_OVERLAY_FS_XINO_AUTO=y are pretty low, but I like the
end result w.r.t behavior and docuementation.

Do you think that "regressing" xino=auto for the case of no lower
file handles will create problems? If people complain, they can
move to use xino=on to get the behavior they wanted.

Fabian,

Would you be able to verify that this does not break anything with your
setup with and without CONFIG_OVERLAY_FS_XINO_AUTO?

Thanks,
Amir.

 Documentation/filesystems/overlayfs.rst | 26 ++++++++--------
 fs/overlayfs/super.c                    | 41 +++++++++++++++++++++----
 2 files changed, 47 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/overlayfs.rst b/Documentation/filesystems/overlayfs.rst
index 78240e29b0bb..455ca86eb4fc 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/overlayfs.rst
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/overlayfs.rst
@@ -40,17 +40,17 @@ On 64bit systems, even if all overlay layers are not on the same
 underlying filesystem, the same compliant behavior could be achieved
 with the "xino" feature.  The "xino" feature composes a unique object
 identifier from the real object st_ino and an underlying fsid index.
-
-If all underlying filesystems support NFS file handles and export file
-handles with 32bit inode number encoding (e.g. ext4), overlay filesystem
-will use the high inode number bits for fsid.  Even when the underlying
-filesystem uses 64bit inode numbers, users can still enable the "xino"
-feature with the "-o xino=on" overlay mount option.  That is useful for the
-case of underlying filesystems like xfs and tmpfs, which use 64bit inode
-numbers, but are very unlikely to use the high inode number bits.  In case
+The "xino" feature uses the high inode number bits for fsid, because the
+underlying filesystems rarely use the high inode number bits.  In case
 the underlying inode number does overflow into the high xino bits, overlay
 filesystem will fall back to the non xino behavior for that inode.
 
+The "xino" feature can be enabled with the "-o xino=on" overlay mount option.
+If all underlying filesystems support NFS file handles, the value of st_ino
+for overlay filesystem objects is not only unique, but also persistent over
+the lifetime of the filesystem.  The "-o xino=auto" overlay mount option
+enables the "xino" feature only if the persistent st_ino requirement is met.
+
 The following table summarizes what can be expected in different overlay
 configurations.
 
@@ -66,14 +66,13 @@ Inode properties
 | All layers   |  Y  |  Y   |  Y  |  Y   |  Y     |   Y    |  Y     |  Y    |
 | on same fs   |     |      |     |      |        |        |        |       |
 +--------------+-----+------+-----+------+--------+--------+--------+-------+
-| Layers not   |  N  |  Y   |  Y  |  N   |  N     |   Y    |  N     |  Y    |
+| Layers not   |  N  |  N   |  Y  |  N   |  N     |   Y    |  N     |  Y    |
 | on same fs,  |     |      |     |      |        |        |        |       |
 | xino=off     |     |      |     |      |        |        |        |       |
 +--------------+-----+------+-----+------+--------+--------+--------+-------+
 | xino=on/auto |  Y  |  Y   |  Y  |  Y   |  Y     |   Y    |  Y     |  Y    |
-|              |     |      |     |      |        |        |        |       |
 +--------------+-----+------+-----+------+--------+--------+--------+-------+
-| xino=on/auto,|  N  |  Y   |  Y  |  N   |  N     |   Y    |  N     |  Y    |
+| xino=on/auto,|  N  |  N   |  Y  |  N   |  N     |   Y    |  N     |  Y    |
 | ino overflow |     |      |     |      |        |        |        |       |
 +--------------+-----+------+-----+------+--------+--------+--------+-------+
 
@@ -81,7 +80,6 @@ Inode properties
 /proc files, such as /proc/locks and /proc/self/fdinfo/<fd> of an inotify
 file descriptor.
 
-
 Upper and Lower
 ---------------
 
@@ -461,7 +459,7 @@ enough free bits in the inode number, then overlayfs will not be able to
 guarantee that the values of st_ino and st_dev returned by stat(2) and the
 value of d_ino returned by readdir(3) will act like on a normal filesystem.
 E.g. the value of st_dev may be different for two objects in the same
-overlay filesystem and the value of st_ino for directory objects may not be
+overlay filesystem and the value of st_ino for filesystem objects may not be
 persistent and could change even while the overlay filesystem is mounted, as
 summarized in the `Inode properties`_ table above.
 
@@ -476,7 +474,7 @@ a crash or deadlock.
 
 Offline changes, when the overlay is not mounted, are allowed to the
 upper tree.  Offline changes to the lower tree are only allowed if the
-"metadata only copy up", "inode index", and "redirect_dir" features
+"metadata only copy up", "inode index", "xino" and "redirect_dir" features
 have not been used.  If the lower tree is modified and any of these
 features has been used, the behavior of the overlay is undefined,
 though it will not result in a crash or deadlock.
diff --git a/fs/overlayfs/super.c b/fs/overlayfs/super.c
index fdd72f1a9c5e..2438f75df652 100644
--- a/fs/overlayfs/super.c
+++ b/fs/overlayfs/super.c
@@ -945,6 +945,16 @@ static int ovl_lower_dir(const char *name, struct path *path,
 		pr_warn("fs on '%s' does not support file handles, falling back to index=off,nfs_export=off.\n",
 			name);
 	}
+	/*
+	 * Decoding origin file handle is required for persistent st_ino.
+	 * Without persistent st_ino, xino=auto falls back to xino=off.
+	 */
+	if (ofs->config.xino == OVL_XINO_AUTO &&
+	    ofs->config.upperdir && !fh_type) {
+		ofs->config.xino = OVL_XINO_OFF;
+		pr_warn("fs on '%s' does not support file handles, falling back to xino=off.\n",
+			name);
+	}
 
 	/* Check if lower fs has 32bit inode numbers */
 	if (fh_type != FILEID_INO32_GEN)
@@ -1401,9 +1411,19 @@ static int ovl_make_workdir(struct super_block *sb, struct ovl_fs *ofs,
 	err = ovl_do_setxattr(ofs, ofs->workdir, OVL_XATTR_OPAQUE, "0", 1);
 	if (err) {
 		ofs->noxattr = true;
-		ofs->config.index = false;
-		ofs->config.metacopy = false;
-		pr_warn("upper fs does not support xattr, falling back to index=off and metacopy=off.\n");
+		if (ofs->config.index || ofs->config.metacopy) {
+			ofs->config.index = false;
+			ofs->config.metacopy = false;
+			pr_warn("upper fs does not support xattr, falling back to index=off,metacopy=off.\n");
+		}
+		/*
+		 * xattr support is required for persistent st_ino.
+		 * Without persistent st_ino, xino=auto falls back to xino=off.
+		 */
+		if (ofs->config.xino == OVL_XINO_AUTO) {
+			ofs->config.xino = OVL_XINO_OFF;
+			pr_warn("upper fs does not support xattr, falling back to xino=off.\n");
+		}
 		err = 0;
 	} else {
 		ovl_do_removexattr(ofs, ofs->workdir, OVL_XATTR_OPAQUE);
@@ -1580,7 +1600,8 @@ static bool ovl_lower_uuid_ok(struct ovl_fs *ofs, const uuid_t *uuid)
 	 * user opted-in to one of the new features that require following the
 	 * lower inode of non-dir upper.
 	 */
-	if (!ofs->config.index && !ofs->config.metacopy && !ofs->config.xino &&
+	if (!ofs->config.index && !ofs->config.metacopy &&
+	    ofs->config.xino != OVL_XINO_ON &&
 	    uuid_is_null(uuid))
 		return false;
 
@@ -1609,6 +1630,7 @@ static int ovl_get_fsid(struct ovl_fs *ofs, const struct path *path)
 	dev_t dev;
 	int err;
 	bool bad_uuid = false;
+	bool warn = false;
 
 	for (i = 0; i < ofs->numfs; i++) {
 		if (ofs->fs[i].sb == sb)
@@ -1617,13 +1639,20 @@ static int ovl_get_fsid(struct ovl_fs *ofs, const struct path *path)
 
 	if (!ovl_lower_uuid_ok(ofs, &sb->s_uuid)) {
 		bad_uuid = true;
+		if (ofs->config.xino == OVL_XINO_AUTO) {
+			ofs->config.xino = OVL_XINO_OFF;
+			warn = true;
+		}
 		if (ofs->config.index || ofs->config.nfs_export) {
 			ofs->config.index = false;
 			ofs->config.nfs_export = false;
-			pr_warn("%s uuid detected in lower fs '%pd2', falling back to index=off,nfs_export=off.\n",
+			warn = true;
+		}
+		if (warn) {
+			pr_warn("%s uuid detected in lower fs '%pd2', falling back to xino=%s,index=off,nfs_export=off.\n",
 				uuid_is_null(&sb->s_uuid) ? "null" :
 							    "conflicting",
-				path->dentry);
+				path->dentry, ovl_xino_str[ofs->config.xino]);
 		}
 	}
 
-- 
2.30.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 2+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] ovl: restrict lower null uuid for "xino=auto"
  2021-03-09 16:26 [PATCH] ovl: restrict lower null uuid for "xino=auto" Amir Goldstein
@ 2021-04-09  9:33 ` Miklos Szeredi
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 2+ messages in thread
From: Miklos Szeredi @ 2021-04-09  9:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Amir Goldstein; +Cc: Fabian, Kevin Locke, overlayfs

On Tue, Mar 9, 2021 at 5:27 PM Amir Goldstein <amir73il@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> Commit a888db310195 ("ovl: fix regression with re-formatted lower
> squashfs") attempted to fix a regression with existing setups that
> use a practice that we are trying to discourage.
>
> The discourage part was described this way in the commit message:
> "To avoid the reported regression while still allowing the new features
>  with single lower squashfs, do not allow decoding origin with lower null
>  uuid unless user opted-in to one of the new features that require
>  following the lower inode of non-dir upper (index, xino, metacopy)."
>
> The three mentioned features are disabled by default in Kconfig, so
> it was assumed that if they are enabled, the user opted-in for them.
> Apparently, distros started to configure CONFIG_OVERLAY_FS_XINO_AUTO=y
> some time ago, so users upgrading their kernels can still be affected
> by said regression even though they never opted-in for any new feature.
>
> To fix this, treat "xino=on" as "user opted-in", but not "xino=auto".
> Since we are changing the behavior of "xino=auto" to no longer follow
> to lower origin with null uuid, take this one step further and disable
> xino in that corner case.  To be consistent, disable xino also in cases
> of lower fs without file handle support and upper fs without xattr
> support.
>
> Update documentation w.r.t the new "xino=auto" behavior and fix the out
> dated bits of documentation regarding "xino" and regarding offline
> modifications to lower layers.
>
> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-unionfs/b36a429d7c563730c28d763d4d57a6fc30508a4f.1615216996.git.kevin@kevinlocke.name/
> Fixes: a888db310195 ("ovl: fix regression with re-formatted lower squashfs")
> Signed-off-by: Amir Goldstein <amir73il@gmail.com>
> ---
>
> Miklos,
>
> What do you think about this?

Applied.  I removed the Fixes: tag for fear of too eager backport
bots, the said commit is mentioned in the header, so no information is
lost.

Thanks,
Miklos

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 2+ messages in thread

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2021-03-09 16:26 [PATCH] ovl: restrict lower null uuid for "xino=auto" Amir Goldstein
2021-04-09  9:33 ` Miklos Szeredi

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