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* [PATCH v3 0/2] Add support for MaxLinear/Exar USB to serial converters
@ 2020-04-30 18:49 mani
  2020-04-30 18:49 ` [PATCH v3 1/2] usb: serial: Add MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver mani
                   ` (2 more replies)
  0 siblings, 3 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: mani @ 2020-04-30 18:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: johan, gregkh; +Cc: linux-usb, linux-kernel, patong.mxl, Manivannan Sadhasivam

From: Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>

Hello,

This series adds support for MaxLinear/Exar USB to serial converters.
This driver only supports XR21V141X series but it can easily be extended
to other series in future.

This driver is inspired from the initial one submitted by Patong Yang:

https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10543261/

While the initial driver was a custom tty USB driver exposing whole
new serial interface ttyXRUSBn, this version is completely based on USB
serial core thus exposing the interfaces as ttyUSBn. This will avoid
the overhead of exposing a new USB serial interface which the userspace
tools are unaware of.

This series has been tested with Hikey970 board hosting XR21V141X chip.

Thanks,
Mani

Changes in v3:

* Dropped the check for PID and also the reg_width property.

Changes in v2:

* Dropped the code related to handling variable register size. It's all u8 now.
* Dropped the header file and moved the contents to driver itself.
* Added Linus's reviewed-by tag for gpiochip patch.
* Added PID to gpiochip label
* Dropped gpiochip for interface 0

Manivannan Sadhasivam (2):
  usb: serial: Add MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver
  usb: serial: xr_serial: Add gpiochip support

 drivers/usb/serial/Kconfig     |   9 +
 drivers/usb/serial/Makefile    |   1 +
 drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c | 821 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 831 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c

-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 1/2] usb: serial: Add MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver
  2020-04-30 18:49 [PATCH v3 0/2] Add support for MaxLinear/Exar USB to serial converters mani
@ 2020-04-30 18:49 ` mani
  2020-05-18  6:07   ` Greg KH
  2020-05-19 12:33   ` Johan Hovold
  2020-04-30 18:49 ` [PATCH v3 2/2] usb: serial: xr_serial: Add gpiochip support mani
  2020-05-16  7:06 ` [PATCH v3 0/2] Add support for MaxLinear/Exar USB to serial converters Manivannan Sadhasivam
  2 siblings, 2 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: mani @ 2020-04-30 18:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: johan, gregkh; +Cc: linux-usb, linux-kernel, patong.mxl, Manivannan Sadhasivam

From: Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>

Add support for MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial converters. This driver
only supports XR21V141X series but it can be extended to other series
from Exar as well in future.

This driver is inspired from the initial one submitted by Patong Yang:

https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10543261/

While the initial driver was a custom tty USB driver exposing whole
new serial interface ttyXRUSBn, this version is completely based on USB
serial core thus exposing the interfaces as ttyUSBn. This will avoid
the overhead of exposing a new USB serial interface which the userspace
tools are unaware of.

Signed-off-by: Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>
---
 drivers/usb/serial/Kconfig     |   9 +
 drivers/usb/serial/Makefile    |   1 +
 drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c | 624 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 634 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c

diff --git a/drivers/usb/serial/Kconfig b/drivers/usb/serial/Kconfig
index 25d7e0c36d38..8f6ad9f94735 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/serial/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/usb/serial/Kconfig
@@ -644,6 +644,15 @@ config USB_SERIAL_UPD78F0730
 	  To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
 	  module will be called upd78f0730.
 
+config USB_SERIAL_XR
+	tristate "USB MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver"
+	help
+	  Say Y here if you want to use MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial converter
+	  devices.
+
+	  To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
+	  module will be called xr_serial.
+
 config USB_SERIAL_DEBUG
 	tristate "USB Debugging Device"
 	help
diff --git a/drivers/usb/serial/Makefile b/drivers/usb/serial/Makefile
index 2d491e434f11..4f69c2a3aff3 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/serial/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/usb/serial/Makefile
@@ -62,4 +62,5 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_USB_SERIAL_VISOR)			+= visor.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_USB_SERIAL_WISHBONE)		+= wishbone-serial.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_USB_SERIAL_WHITEHEAT)		+= whiteheat.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_USB_SERIAL_XIRCOM)			+= keyspan_pda.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_USB_SERIAL_XR)			+= xr_serial.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_USB_SERIAL_XSENS_MT)		+= xsens_mt.o
diff --git a/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c b/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..fdb9ddf8bd95
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c
@@ -0,0 +1,624 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+/*
+ * MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver
+ *
+ * Based on initial driver written by Patong Yang <patong.mxl@gmail.com>
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2020 Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/tty.h>
+#include <linux/usb.h>
+#include <linux/usb/serial.h>
+
+struct xr_uart_regs {
+	u8 enable;
+	u8 format;
+	u8 flow_ctrl;
+	u8 xon_char;
+	u8 xoff_char;
+	u8 loopback;
+	u8 tx_break;
+	u8 rs485_delay;
+	u8 gpio_mode;
+	u8 gpio_dir;
+	u8 gpio_int_mask;
+	u8 gpio_set;
+	u8 gpio_clr;
+	u8 gpio_status;
+};
+
+struct xr_port_private {
+	const struct xr_uart_regs *regs;
+};
+
+struct xr_txrx_clk_mask {
+	u16 tx;
+	u16 rx0;
+	u16 rx1;
+};
+
+#define XR21V141X_ID			0x1410
+#define XR_INT_OSC_HZ			48000000
+
+/* USB Requests */
+#define XR_SET_XR21V141X		0
+#define XR_GET_XR21V141X		1
+
+#define XR21V141X_CLOCK_DIVISOR_0	0x4
+#define XR21V141X_CLOCK_DIVISOR_1	0x5
+#define XR21V141X_CLOCK_DIVISOR_2	0x6
+#define XR21V141X_TX_CLOCK_MASK_0	0x7
+#define XR21V141X_TX_CLOCK_MASK_1	0x8
+#define XR21V141X_RX_CLOCK_MASK_0	0x9
+#define XR21V141X_RX_CLOCK_MASK_1	0xa
+
+/* XR21V141X register blocks */
+#define XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK	0
+#define XR21V141X_URM_REG_BLOCK		4
+#define XR21V141X_UART_CUSTOM_BLOCK	0x66
+
+/* XR21V141X UART Manager Registers */
+#define XR21V141X_URM_FIFO_ENABLE_REG	0x10
+#define XR21V141X_URM_ENABLE_TX_FIFO	0x1
+#define XR21V141X_URM_ENABLE_RX_FIFO	0x2
+
+#define XR21V141X_URM_RX_FIFO_RESET	0x18
+#define XR21V141X_URM_TX_FIFO_RESET	0x1c
+
+#define UART_ENABLE_TX			0x1
+#define UART_ENABLE_RX			0x2
+
+#define UART_MODE_RI			BIT(0)
+#define UART_MODE_CD			BIT(1)
+#define UART_MODE_DSR			BIT(2)
+#define UART_MODE_DTR			BIT(3)
+#define UART_MODE_CTS			BIT(4)
+#define UART_MODE_RTS			BIT(5)
+
+#define UART_BREAK_ON			0xff
+#define UART_BREAK_OFF			0
+
+#define UART_DATA_MASK			GENMASK(3, 0)
+#define UART_DATA_7			0x7
+#define UART_DATA_8			0x8
+
+#define UART_PARITY_MASK		GENMASK(6, 4)
+#define UART_PARITY_SHIFT		0x4
+#define UART_PARITY_NONE		0x0
+#define UART_PARITY_ODD			0x1
+#define UART_PARITY_EVEN		0x2
+#define UART_PARITY_MARK		0x3
+#define UART_PARITY_SPACE		0x4
+
+#define UART_STOP_MASK			BIT(7)
+#define UART_STOP_SHIFT			0x7
+#define UART_STOP_1			0x0
+#define UART_STOP_2			0x1
+
+#define UART_FLOW_MODE_NONE		0x0
+#define UART_FLOW_MODE_HW		0x1
+#define UART_FLOW_MODE_SW		0x2
+
+#define UART_MODE_GPIO			0x0
+#define UART_MODE_RTS_CTS		0x1
+#define UART_MODE_DTR_DSR		0x2
+#define UART_MODE_RS485			0x3
+#define UART_MODE_RS485_ADDR		0x4
+
+static const struct xr_uart_regs xr21v141x_regs = {
+	.enable = 0x03,
+	.format = 0x0b,
+	.flow_ctrl = 0x0c,
+	.xon_char = 0x10,
+	.xoff_char = 0x11,
+	.loopback = 0x12,
+	.tx_break = 0x14,
+	.rs485_delay = 0x15,
+	.gpio_mode = 0x1a,
+	.gpio_dir = 0x1b,
+	.gpio_int_mask = 0x1c,
+	.gpio_set = 0x1d,
+	.gpio_clr = 0x1e,
+	.gpio_status = 0x1f,
+};
+
+static int xr_set_reg(struct usb_serial_port *port, u8 block, u8 reg,
+		      u8 val)
+{
+	struct usb_serial *serial = port->serial;
+	int ret = -EINVAL;
+
+	/* XR21V141X uses custom command for writing UART registers */
+	ret = usb_control_msg(serial->dev,
+			      usb_sndctrlpipe(serial->dev, 0),
+			      XR_SET_XR21V141X,
+			      USB_DIR_OUT | USB_TYPE_VENDOR, val,
+			      reg | (block << 8), NULL, 0,
+			      USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
+
+	if (ret < 0)
+		dev_err(&port->dev, "Failed to set reg 0x%x status: %d\n",
+			reg, ret);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int xr_get_reg(struct usb_serial_port *port, u8 block, u8 reg,
+		      u8 *val)
+{
+	struct usb_serial *serial = port->serial;
+	void *dmabuf;
+	int ret = -EINVAL;
+
+	dmabuf = kmalloc(1, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!dmabuf)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	/* XR21V141X uses custom command for reading UART registers */
+	ret = usb_control_msg(serial->dev,
+			      usb_rcvctrlpipe(serial->dev, 0),
+			      XR_GET_XR21V141X,
+			      USB_DIR_IN | USB_TYPE_VENDOR, 0,
+			      reg | (block << 8), dmabuf, 1,
+			      USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
+
+	if (ret == 1) {
+		memcpy(val, dmabuf, 1);
+		ret = 0;
+	} else {
+		dev_err(&port->dev, "Failed to get reg 0x%x status: %d\n",
+			reg, ret);
+		if (ret >= 0)
+			ret = -EIO;
+	}
+
+	kfree(dmabuf);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/* Tx and Rx clock mask values obtained from section 3.3.4 of datasheet */
+static const struct xr_txrx_clk_mask xr21v141x_txrx_clk_masks[] = {
+	{ 0x000, 0x000, 0x000 },
+	{ 0x000, 0x000, 0x000 },
+	{ 0x100, 0x000, 0x100 },
+	{ 0x020, 0x400, 0x020 },
+	{ 0x010, 0x100, 0x010 },
+	{ 0x208, 0x040, 0x208 },
+	{ 0x104, 0x820, 0x108 },
+	{ 0x844, 0x210, 0x884 },
+	{ 0x444, 0x110, 0x444 },
+	{ 0x122, 0x888, 0x224 },
+	{ 0x912, 0x448, 0x924 },
+	{ 0x492, 0x248, 0x492 },
+	{ 0x252, 0x928, 0x292 },
+	{ 0x94a, 0x4a4, 0xa52 },
+	{ 0x52a, 0xaa4, 0x54a },
+	{ 0xaaa, 0x954, 0x4aa },
+	{ 0xaaa, 0x554, 0xaaa },
+	{ 0x555, 0xad4, 0x5aa },
+	{ 0xb55, 0xab4, 0x55a },
+	{ 0x6b5, 0x5ac, 0xb56 },
+	{ 0x5b5, 0xd6c, 0x6d6 },
+	{ 0xb6d, 0xb6a, 0xdb6 },
+	{ 0x76d, 0x6da, 0xbb6 },
+	{ 0xedd, 0xdda, 0x76e },
+	{ 0xddd, 0xbba, 0xeee },
+	{ 0x7bb, 0xf7a, 0xdde },
+	{ 0xf7b, 0xef6, 0x7de },
+	{ 0xdf7, 0xbf6, 0xf7e },
+	{ 0x7f7, 0xfee, 0xefe },
+	{ 0xfdf, 0xfbe, 0x7fe },
+	{ 0xf7f, 0xefe, 0xffe },
+	{ 0xfff, 0xffe, 0xffd },
+};
+
+static int xr_set_baudrate(struct tty_struct *tty,
+			   struct usb_serial_port *port)
+{
+	u32 divisor = XR_INT_OSC_HZ / tty->termios.c_ospeed;
+	u32 idx = (32 * divisor) & 0x1f;
+	u16 tx_mask = xr21v141x_txrx_clk_masks[idx].tx;
+	u16 rx_mask = (divisor & 1) ? xr21v141x_txrx_clk_masks[idx].rx1 :
+				      xr21v141x_txrx_clk_masks[idx].rx0;
+	int ret;
+
+	dev_dbg(&port->dev, "Setting baud rate :%u\n", tty->termios.c_ospeed);
+
+	/*
+	 * XR21V141X uses fractional baud rate generator with 48MHz internal
+	 * oscillator and 19-bit programmable divisor. So theoretically it can
+	 * generate most commonly used baud rates with high accuracy.
+	 */
+	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 XR21V141X_CLOCK_DIVISOR_0, (divisor & 0xff));
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 XR21V141X_CLOCK_DIVISOR_1, ((divisor >>  8) & 0xff));
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 XR21V141X_CLOCK_DIVISOR_2, ((divisor >> 16) & 0xff));
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 XR21V141X_TX_CLOCK_MASK_0, (tx_mask & 0xff));
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 XR21V141X_TX_CLOCK_MASK_1, ((tx_mask >>  8) & 0xff));
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 XR21V141X_RX_CLOCK_MASK_0, (rx_mask & 0xff));
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 XR21V141X_RX_CLOCK_MASK_1, ((rx_mask >>  8) & 0xff));
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * According to datasheet, below is the recommended sequence for enabling UART
+ * module in XR21V141X:
+ *
+ * Enable Tx FIFO
+ * Enable Tx and Rx
+ * Enable Rx FIFO
+ */
+static int xr_uart_enable(struct usb_serial_port *port)
+{
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_URM_REG_BLOCK,
+			 XR21V141X_URM_FIFO_ENABLE_REG,
+			 XR21V141X_URM_ENABLE_TX_FIFO);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 port_priv->regs->enable,
+			 UART_ENABLE_TX | UART_ENABLE_RX);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_URM_REG_BLOCK,
+			 XR21V141X_URM_FIFO_ENABLE_REG,
+			 XR21V141X_URM_ENABLE_TX_FIFO |
+			 XR21V141X_URM_ENABLE_RX_FIFO);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int xr_uart_disable(struct usb_serial_port *port)
+{
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 port_priv->regs->enable, 0);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_URM_REG_BLOCK,
+			 XR21V141X_URM_FIFO_ENABLE_REG, 0);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int xr_open(struct tty_struct *tty, struct usb_serial_port *port)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = xr_uart_enable(port);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(&port->dev, "Failed to enable UART\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	ret = xr_set_baudrate(tty, port);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(&port->dev, "Failed to set baudrate\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	return usb_serial_generic_open(tty, port);
+}
+
+static void xr_close(struct usb_serial_port *port)
+{
+	usb_serial_generic_close(port);
+
+	xr_uart_disable(port);
+}
+
+static void xr_set_flow_mode(struct tty_struct *tty,
+			     struct usb_serial_port *port,
+			     unsigned int cflag)
+{
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+	u8 flow, gpio_mode;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 port_priv->regs->gpio_mode, &gpio_mode);
+	if (ret)
+		return;
+
+	if (cflag & CRTSCTS) {
+		dev_dbg(&port->dev, "Enabling hardware flow ctrl\n");
+		flow = UART_FLOW_MODE_HW;
+		gpio_mode |= UART_MODE_RTS_CTS;
+	} else if (I_IXOFF(tty) || I_IXON(tty)) {
+		u8 start_char = START_CHAR(tty);
+		u8 stop_char = STOP_CHAR(tty);
+
+		dev_dbg(&port->dev, "Enabling sw flow ctrl\n");
+		flow = UART_FLOW_MODE_SW;
+		gpio_mode |= UART_MODE_GPIO;
+
+		xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			   port_priv->regs->xon_char, start_char);
+		xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			   port_priv->regs->xoff_char, stop_char);
+	} else {
+		dev_dbg(&port->dev, "No flow ctrl\n");
+		flow = UART_FLOW_MODE_NONE;
+	}
+
+	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 port_priv->regs->flow_ctrl, flow);
+	if (ret)
+		return;
+
+	xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK, port_priv->regs->gpio_mode,
+		   gpio_mode);
+}
+
+static void xr_set_termios(struct tty_struct *tty,
+			   struct usb_serial_port *port,
+			   struct ktermios *old_termios)
+{
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+	struct device *dev = &port->dev;
+	unsigned int cflag, old_cflag;
+	int ret;
+	u8 bits;
+
+	cflag = tty->termios.c_cflag;
+	old_cflag = old_termios->c_cflag;
+
+	if (tty->termios.c_ospeed != old_termios->c_ospeed)
+		xr_set_baudrate(tty, port);
+
+	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 port_priv->regs->format, &bits);
+	if (ret)
+		return;
+
+	/* If the number of data bits is to be updated */
+	if ((cflag & CSIZE) != (old_cflag & CSIZE)) {
+		bits &= ~UART_DATA_MASK;
+		switch (cflag & CSIZE) {
+		case CS7:
+			bits |= UART_DATA_7;
+			dev_dbg(dev, "Setting data bits: 7\n");
+			break;
+		case CS8:
+		/* CS9 not supported */
+		default:
+			bits |= UART_DATA_8;
+			dev_dbg(dev, "Setting data bits: 8\n");
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if ((cflag & (PARENB | PARODD | CMSPAR)) !=
+	    (old_cflag & (PARENB | PARODD | CMSPAR))) {
+		bits &= ~UART_PARITY_MASK;
+		if (cflag & PARENB) {
+			if (cflag & CMSPAR) {
+				if (cflag & PARODD) {
+					bits |= (UART_PARITY_MARK <<
+						 UART_PARITY_SHIFT);
+					dev_dbg(dev, "Setting parity: MARK\n");
+				} else {
+					bits |= (UART_PARITY_SPACE <<
+						 UART_PARITY_SHIFT);
+					dev_dbg(dev, "Setting parity: SPACE\n");
+				}
+			} else {
+				if (cflag & PARODD) {
+					bits |= (UART_PARITY_ODD <<
+						 UART_PARITY_SHIFT);
+					dev_dbg(dev, "Setting parity: ODD\n");
+				} else {
+					bits |= (UART_PARITY_EVEN <<
+						 UART_PARITY_SHIFT);
+					dev_dbg(dev, "Setting parity: EVEN\n");
+				}
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
+	if ((cflag & CSTOPB) != (old_cflag & CSTOPB)) {
+		bits &= ~UART_STOP_MASK;
+		if (cflag & CSTOPB) {
+			bits |= (UART_STOP_2 << UART_STOP_SHIFT);
+			dev_dbg(dev, "Setting stop bits: 2\n");
+		} else {
+			bits |= (UART_STOP_1 << UART_STOP_SHIFT);
+			dev_dbg(dev, "Setting stop bits: 1\n");
+		}
+	}
+
+	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 port_priv->regs->format, (bits & 0xff));
+	if (ret)
+		return;
+
+	xr_set_flow_mode(tty, port, cflag);
+}
+
+static int xr_tiocmset_port(struct usb_serial_port *port,
+			    unsigned int set, unsigned int clear)
+{
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+	int ret = 0;
+	u8 gpio_set = 0;
+	u8 gpio_clr = 0;
+
+	/* Modem control pins are active low, so set & clr are swapped */
+	if (set & TIOCM_RTS)
+		gpio_clr |= UART_MODE_RTS;
+	if (set & TIOCM_DTR)
+		gpio_clr |= UART_MODE_DTR;
+	if (clear & TIOCM_RTS)
+		gpio_set |= UART_MODE_RTS;
+	if (clear & TIOCM_DTR)
+		gpio_set |= UART_MODE_DTR;
+
+	/* Writing '0' to gpio_{set/clr} bits has no effect, so no need to do */
+	if (gpio_clr)
+		ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+				 port_priv->regs->gpio_clr, gpio_clr);
+
+	if (gpio_set)
+		ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+				 port_priv->regs->gpio_set, gpio_set);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int xr_tiocmset(struct tty_struct *tty,
+		       unsigned int set, unsigned int clear)
+{
+	struct usb_serial_port *port = tty->driver_data;
+
+	return xr_tiocmset_port(port, set, clear);
+}
+
+static void xr_dtr_rts(struct usb_serial_port *port, int on)
+{
+	if (on)
+		xr_tiocmset_port(port, TIOCM_DTR | TIOCM_RTS, 0);
+	else
+		xr_tiocmset_port(port, 0, TIOCM_DTR | TIOCM_RTS);
+}
+
+static int xr_tiocmget(struct tty_struct *tty)
+{
+	struct usb_serial_port *port = tty->driver_data;
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+	int ret;
+	u8 status;
+
+	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 port_priv->regs->gpio_status, &status);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/*
+	 * Modem control pins are active low, so reading '0' means it is active
+	 * and '1' means not active.
+	 */
+	ret = ((status & UART_MODE_DTR) ? 0 : TIOCM_DTR) |
+	      ((status & UART_MODE_RTS) ? 0 : TIOCM_RTS) |
+	      ((status & UART_MODE_CTS) ? 0 : TIOCM_CTS) |
+	      ((status & UART_MODE_DSR) ? 0 : TIOCM_DSR) |
+	      ((status & UART_MODE_RI) ? 0 : TIOCM_RI) |
+	      ((status & UART_MODE_CD) ? 0 : TIOCM_CD);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void xr_break_ctl(struct tty_struct *tty, int break_state)
+{
+	struct usb_serial_port *port = tty->driver_data;
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+	u8 state;
+
+	if (break_state == 0)
+		state = UART_BREAK_OFF;
+	else
+		state = UART_BREAK_ON;
+
+	dev_dbg(&port->dev, "Turning break %s\n",
+		state == UART_BREAK_OFF ? "off" : "on");
+	xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK, port_priv->regs->tx_break,
+		   state);
+}
+
+static int xr_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port)
+{
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv;
+
+	port_priv = kzalloc(sizeof(*port_priv), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!port_priv)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	/* XR21V141X specific settings */
+	port_priv->regs = &xr21v141x_regs;
+
+	usb_set_serial_port_data(port, port_priv);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int xr_port_remove(struct usb_serial_port *port)
+{
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+
+	kfree(port_priv);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct usb_device_id id_table[] = {
+	{ USB_DEVICE(0x04e2, 0x1410) }, /* XR21V141X */
+	{ }
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, id_table);
+
+static struct usb_serial_driver xr_device = {
+	.driver = {
+		.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+		.name =	"xr_serial",
+	},
+	.id_table		= id_table,
+	.num_ports		= 1,
+	.bulk_in_size		= 384,
+	.bulk_out_size		= 128,
+	.open			= xr_open,
+	.close			= xr_close,
+	.break_ctl		= xr_break_ctl,
+	.set_termios		= xr_set_termios,
+	.tiocmget		= xr_tiocmget,
+	.tiocmset		= xr_tiocmset,
+	.port_probe		= xr_port_probe,
+	.port_remove		= xr_port_remove,
+	.dtr_rts		= xr_dtr_rts
+};
+
+static struct usb_serial_driver * const serial_drivers[] = {
+	&xr_device, NULL
+};
+
+module_usb_serial_driver(serial_drivers, id_table);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 2/2] usb: serial: xr_serial: Add gpiochip support
  2020-04-30 18:49 [PATCH v3 0/2] Add support for MaxLinear/Exar USB to serial converters mani
  2020-04-30 18:49 ` [PATCH v3 1/2] usb: serial: Add MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver mani
@ 2020-04-30 18:49 ` mani
  2020-05-19 13:07   ` Johan Hovold
  2020-05-16  7:06 ` [PATCH v3 0/2] Add support for MaxLinear/Exar USB to serial converters Manivannan Sadhasivam
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 9+ messages in thread
From: mani @ 2020-04-30 18:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: johan, gregkh
  Cc: linux-usb, linux-kernel, patong.mxl, Manivannan Sadhasivam,
	Linus Walleij, linux-gpio

From: Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>

Add gpiochip support for Maxlinear/Exar USB to serial converter
for controlling the available gpios.

Cc: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
Cc: linux-gpio@vger.kernel.org
Reviewed-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>
---
 drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c | 199 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 198 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c b/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c
index fdb9ddf8bd95..255a30540b52 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
  * Copyright (c) 2020 Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>
  */
 
+#include <linux/gpio/driver.h>
 #include <linux/kernel.h>
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
@@ -32,6 +33,11 @@ struct xr_uart_regs {
 };
 
 struct xr_port_private {
+#ifdef CONFIG_GPIOLIB
+	struct gpio_chip gc;
+	bool gpio_registered;
+	u8 gpio_altfunc;
+#endif
 	const struct xr_uart_regs *regs;
 };
 
@@ -562,6 +568,196 @@ static void xr_break_ctl(struct tty_struct *tty, int break_state)
 		   state);
 }
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_GPIOLIB
+
+static int xr_gpio_request(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int offset)
+{
+	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+
+	/* Check if the requested GPIO is occupied */
+	if (port_priv->gpio_altfunc & BIT(offset))
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int xr_gpio_get(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
+{
+	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+	int ret;
+	u8 gpio_status;
+
+	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 port_priv->regs->gpio_status, &gpio_status);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	return !!(gpio_status & BIT(gpio));
+}
+
+static void xr_gpio_set(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio, int val)
+{
+	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+
+	if (val)
+		xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			   port_priv->regs->gpio_set, BIT(gpio));
+	else
+		xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			   port_priv->regs->gpio_clr, BIT(gpio));
+}
+
+static int xr_gpio_direction_get(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
+{
+	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+	int ret;
+	u8 gpio_dir;
+
+	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 port_priv->regs->gpio_dir, &gpio_dir);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/* Logic 0 = input and Logic 1 = output */
+	return !(gpio_dir & BIT(gpio));
+}
+
+static int xr_gpio_direction_input(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
+{
+	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+	int ret;
+	u8 gpio_dir;
+
+	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 port_priv->regs->gpio_dir, &gpio_dir);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	gpio_dir &= ~BIT(gpio);
+
+	return xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			  port_priv->regs->gpio_dir, gpio_dir);
+}
+
+static int xr_gpio_direction_output(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio,
+				    int val)
+{
+	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+	int ret;
+	u8 gpio_dir;
+
+	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 port_priv->regs->gpio_dir, &gpio_dir);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	gpio_dir |= BIT(gpio);
+
+	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 port_priv->regs->gpio_dir, gpio_dir);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	xr_gpio_set(gc, gpio, val);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int xr21v141x_gpio_init(struct usb_serial_port *port)
+{
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+	int ret;
+	u8 gpio_mode;
+
+	port_priv->gc.ngpio = 6;
+
+	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
+			 port_priv->regs->gpio_mode, &gpio_mode);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/* Mark all pins which are not in GPIO mode */
+	if (gpio_mode & UART_MODE_RTS_CTS)
+		port_priv->gpio_altfunc |= (BIT(4) | BIT(5));
+	else if (gpio_mode & UART_MODE_DTR_DSR)
+		port_priv->gpio_altfunc |= (BIT(2) | BIT(3));
+	else if (gpio_mode & UART_MODE_RS485)
+		port_priv->gpio_altfunc |= BIT(5);
+	else if (gpio_mode & UART_MODE_RS485_ADDR)
+		port_priv->gpio_altfunc |= BIT(5);
+	else
+		port_priv->gpio_altfunc = 0; /* All GPIOs are available */
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int xr_gpio_init(struct usb_serial_port *port)
+{
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+	struct usb_serial *serial = port->serial;
+	int ret = 0;
+	u16 pid;
+
+	/* Don't register gpiochip for interface 0 */
+	if (port->minor == 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	pid = le16_to_cpu(serial->dev->descriptor.idProduct);
+
+	ret = xr21v141x_gpio_init(port);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	port_priv->gc.label = devm_kasprintf(&port->dev, GFP_KERNEL, "XR%04x",
+					     pid);
+	port_priv->gc.request = xr_gpio_request;
+	port_priv->gc.get_direction = xr_gpio_direction_get;
+	port_priv->gc.direction_input = xr_gpio_direction_input;
+	port_priv->gc.direction_output = xr_gpio_direction_output;
+	port_priv->gc.get = xr_gpio_get;
+	port_priv->gc.set = xr_gpio_set;
+	port_priv->gc.owner = THIS_MODULE;
+	port_priv->gc.parent = &port->dev;
+	port_priv->gc.base = -1;
+	port_priv->gc.can_sleep = true;
+
+	ret = gpiochip_add_data(&port_priv->gc, port);
+	if (!ret)
+		port_priv->gpio_registered = true;
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void xr_gpio_remove(struct usb_serial_port *port)
+{
+	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
+
+	if (port_priv->gpio_registered) {
+		gpiochip_remove(&port_priv->gc);
+		port_priv->gpio_registered = false;
+	}
+}
+
+#else
+
+static int xr_gpio_init(struct usb_serial_port *port)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void xr_gpio_remove(struct usb_serial_port *port)
+{
+	/* Nothing to do */
+}
+
+#endif
+
 static int xr_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port)
 {
 	struct xr_port_private *port_priv;
@@ -575,13 +771,14 @@ static int xr_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port)
 
 	usb_set_serial_port_data(port, port_priv);
 
-	return 0;
+	return xr_gpio_init(port);
 }
 
 static int xr_port_remove(struct usb_serial_port *port)
 {
 	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
 
+	xr_gpio_remove(port);
 	kfree(port_priv);
 
 	return 0;
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 0/2] Add support for MaxLinear/Exar USB to serial converters
  2020-04-30 18:49 [PATCH v3 0/2] Add support for MaxLinear/Exar USB to serial converters mani
  2020-04-30 18:49 ` [PATCH v3 1/2] usb: serial: Add MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver mani
  2020-04-30 18:49 ` [PATCH v3 2/2] usb: serial: xr_serial: Add gpiochip support mani
@ 2020-05-16  7:06 ` Manivannan Sadhasivam
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Manivannan Sadhasivam @ 2020-05-16  7:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: johan, gregkh; +Cc: linux-usb, linux-kernel, patong.mxl

Hi,

On Fri, May 01, 2020 at 12:19:22AM +0530, mani@kernel.org wrote:
> From: Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>
> 
> Hello,
> 
> This series adds support for MaxLinear/Exar USB to serial converters.
> This driver only supports XR21V141X series but it can easily be extended
> to other series in future.
> 
> This driver is inspired from the initial one submitted by Patong Yang:
> 
> https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10543261/
> 
> While the initial driver was a custom tty USB driver exposing whole
> new serial interface ttyXRUSBn, this version is completely based on USB
> serial core thus exposing the interfaces as ttyUSBn. This will avoid
> the overhead of exposing a new USB serial interface which the userspace
> tools are unaware of.
> 
> This series has been tested with Hikey970 board hosting XR21V141X chip.
> 

Any update on this series?

Thanks,
Mani

> Thanks,
> Mani
> 
> Changes in v3:
> 
> * Dropped the check for PID and also the reg_width property.
> 
> Changes in v2:
> 
> * Dropped the code related to handling variable register size. It's all u8 now.
> * Dropped the header file and moved the contents to driver itself.
> * Added Linus's reviewed-by tag for gpiochip patch.
> * Added PID to gpiochip label
> * Dropped gpiochip for interface 0
> 
> Manivannan Sadhasivam (2):
>   usb: serial: Add MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver
>   usb: serial: xr_serial: Add gpiochip support
> 
>  drivers/usb/serial/Kconfig     |   9 +
>  drivers/usb/serial/Makefile    |   1 +
>  drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c | 821 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  3 files changed, 831 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c
> 
> -- 
> 2.17.1
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 1/2] usb: serial: Add MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver
  2020-04-30 18:49 ` [PATCH v3 1/2] usb: serial: Add MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver mani
@ 2020-05-18  6:07   ` Greg KH
  2020-05-19 12:33   ` Johan Hovold
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Greg KH @ 2020-05-18  6:07 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: mani; +Cc: johan, linux-usb, linux-kernel, patong.mxl

On Fri, May 01, 2020 at 12:19:23AM +0530, mani@kernel.org wrote:
> +static int xr_set_reg(struct usb_serial_port *port, u8 block, u8 reg,
> +		      u8 val)
> +{
> +	struct usb_serial *serial = port->serial;
> +	int ret = -EINVAL;
> +
> +	/* XR21V141X uses custom command for writing UART registers */
> +	ret = usb_control_msg(serial->dev,
> +			      usb_sndctrlpipe(serial->dev, 0),
> +			      XR_SET_XR21V141X,
> +			      USB_DIR_OUT | USB_TYPE_VENDOR, val,
> +			      reg | (block << 8), NULL, 0,
> +			      USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
> +
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		dev_err(&port->dev, "Failed to set reg 0x%x status: %d\n",
> +			reg, ret);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}

So if this call is successful, it would return the number of bytes
written in the control message.  Which is 0.  But that's kind of a hack,
right?  Why not just return 0 to make it more obvious and easier to
read, instead of returning 'ret' and making the reader have to realize
that you only are writing 0 bytes?

> +
> +static int xr_get_reg(struct usb_serial_port *port, u8 block, u8 reg,
> +		      u8 *val)
> +{
> +	struct usb_serial *serial = port->serial;
> +	void *dmabuf;

char *dmabuf; ?

> +	int ret = -EINVAL;
> +
> +	dmabuf = kmalloc(1, GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!dmabuf)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	/* XR21V141X uses custom command for reading UART registers */
> +	ret = usb_control_msg(serial->dev,
> +			      usb_rcvctrlpipe(serial->dev, 0),
> +			      XR_GET_XR21V141X,
> +			      USB_DIR_IN | USB_TYPE_VENDOR, 0,
> +			      reg | (block << 8), dmabuf, 1,
> +			      USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
> +
> +	if (ret == 1) {
> +		memcpy(val, dmabuf, 1);

*val = *dmabuf; ?

> +		ret = 0;
> +	} else {
> +		dev_err(&port->dev, "Failed to get reg 0x%x status: %d\n",
> +			reg, ret);
> +		if (ret >= 0)
> +			ret = -EIO;
> +	}
> +
> +	kfree(dmabuf);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}

Anyway, other than these minor things, this looks good to me:

Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 1/2] usb: serial: Add MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver
  2020-04-30 18:49 ` [PATCH v3 1/2] usb: serial: Add MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver mani
  2020-05-18  6:07   ` Greg KH
@ 2020-05-19 12:33   ` Johan Hovold
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Johan Hovold @ 2020-05-19 12:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: mani; +Cc: johan, gregkh, linux-usb, linux-kernel, patong.mxl

On Fri, May 01, 2020 at 12:19:23AM +0530, mani@kernel.org wrote:
> From: Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>
> 
> Add support for MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial converters. This driver
> only supports XR21V141X series but it can be extended to other series
> from Exar as well in future.
> 
> This driver is inspired from the initial one submitted by Patong Yang:
> 
> https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10543261/
> 
> While the initial driver was a custom tty USB driver exposing whole
> new serial interface ttyXRUSBn, this version is completely based on USB
> serial core thus exposing the interfaces as ttyUSBn. This will avoid
> the overhead of exposing a new USB serial interface which the userspace
> tools are unaware of.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>
> ---
>  drivers/usb/serial/Kconfig     |   9 +
>  drivers/usb/serial/Makefile    |   1 +
>  drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c | 624 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  3 files changed, 634 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/serial/Kconfig b/drivers/usb/serial/Kconfig
> index 25d7e0c36d38..8f6ad9f94735 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/serial/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/usb/serial/Kconfig
> @@ -644,6 +644,15 @@ config USB_SERIAL_UPD78F0730
>  	  To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
>  	  module will be called upd78f0730.
>  
> +config USB_SERIAL_XR
> +	tristate "USB MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver"
> +	help
> +	  Say Y here if you want to use MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial converter
> +	  devices.
> +
> +	  To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
> +	  module will be called xr_serial.
> +
>  config USB_SERIAL_DEBUG
>  	tristate "USB Debugging Device"
>  	help
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/serial/Makefile b/drivers/usb/serial/Makefile
> index 2d491e434f11..4f69c2a3aff3 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/serial/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/usb/serial/Makefile
> @@ -62,4 +62,5 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_USB_SERIAL_VISOR)			+= visor.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_USB_SERIAL_WISHBONE)		+= wishbone-serial.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_USB_SERIAL_WHITEHEAT)		+= whiteheat.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_USB_SERIAL_XIRCOM)			+= keyspan_pda.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_USB_SERIAL_XR)			+= xr_serial.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_USB_SERIAL_XSENS_MT)		+= xsens_mt.o
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c b/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..fdb9ddf8bd95
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,624 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> +/*
> + * MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver
> + *
> + * Based on initial driver written by Patong Yang <patong.mxl@gmail.com>
> + *
> + * Copyright (c) 2020 Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/tty.h>
> +#include <linux/usb.h>
> +#include <linux/usb/serial.h>
> +
> +struct xr_uart_regs {
> +	u8 enable;
> +	u8 format;
> +	u8 flow_ctrl;
> +	u8 xon_char;
> +	u8 xoff_char;
> +	u8 loopback;
> +	u8 tx_break;
> +	u8 rs485_delay;
> +	u8 gpio_mode;
> +	u8 gpio_dir;
> +	u8 gpio_int_mask;
> +	u8 gpio_set;
> +	u8 gpio_clr;
> +	u8 gpio_status;
> +};
> +
> +struct xr_port_private {
> +	const struct xr_uart_regs *regs;
> +};
> +
> +struct xr_txrx_clk_mask {
> +	u16 tx;
> +	u16 rx0;
> +	u16 rx1;
> +};
> +
> +#define XR21V141X_ID			0x1410
> +#define XR_INT_OSC_HZ			48000000
> +
> +/* USB Requests */
> +#define XR_SET_XR21V141X		0
> +#define XR_GET_XR21V141X		1
> +
> +#define XR21V141X_CLOCK_DIVISOR_0	0x4
> +#define XR21V141X_CLOCK_DIVISOR_1	0x5
> +#define XR21V141X_CLOCK_DIVISOR_2	0x6
> +#define XR21V141X_TX_CLOCK_MASK_0	0x7
> +#define XR21V141X_TX_CLOCK_MASK_1	0x8
> +#define XR21V141X_RX_CLOCK_MASK_0	0x9
> +#define XR21V141X_RX_CLOCK_MASK_1	0xa
> +
> +/* XR21V141X register blocks */
> +#define XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK	0
> +#define XR21V141X_URM_REG_BLOCK		4
> +#define XR21V141X_UART_CUSTOM_BLOCK	0x66
> +
> +/* XR21V141X UART Manager Registers */
> +#define XR21V141X_URM_FIFO_ENABLE_REG	0x10
> +#define XR21V141X_URM_ENABLE_TX_FIFO	0x1
> +#define XR21V141X_URM_ENABLE_RX_FIFO	0x2
> +
> +#define XR21V141X_URM_RX_FIFO_RESET	0x18
> +#define XR21V141X_URM_TX_FIFO_RESET	0x1c

Did you mean to use "UMR" above? What does URM stand for otherwise?

> +
> +#define UART_ENABLE_TX			0x1
> +#define UART_ENABLE_RX			0x2
> +
> +#define UART_MODE_RI			BIT(0)
> +#define UART_MODE_CD			BIT(1)
> +#define UART_MODE_DSR			BIT(2)
> +#define UART_MODE_DTR			BIT(3)
> +#define UART_MODE_CTS			BIT(4)
> +#define UART_MODE_RTS			BIT(5)
> +
> +#define UART_BREAK_ON			0xff
> +#define UART_BREAK_OFF			0
> +
> +#define UART_DATA_MASK			GENMASK(3, 0)
> +#define UART_DATA_7			0x7
> +#define UART_DATA_8			0x8
> +
> +#define UART_PARITY_MASK		GENMASK(6, 4)
> +#define UART_PARITY_SHIFT		0x4
> +#define UART_PARITY_NONE		0x0
> +#define UART_PARITY_ODD			0x1
> +#define UART_PARITY_EVEN		0x2
> +#define UART_PARITY_MARK		0x3
> +#define UART_PARITY_SPACE		0x4
> +
> +#define UART_STOP_MASK			BIT(7)
> +#define UART_STOP_SHIFT			0x7
> +#define UART_STOP_1			0x0
> +#define UART_STOP_2			0x1
> +
> +#define UART_FLOW_MODE_NONE		0x0
> +#define UART_FLOW_MODE_HW		0x1
> +#define UART_FLOW_MODE_SW		0x2
> +
> +#define UART_MODE_GPIO			0x0
> +#define UART_MODE_RTS_CTS		0x1
> +#define UART_MODE_DTR_DSR		0x2
> +#define UART_MODE_RS485			0x3
> +#define UART_MODE_RS485_ADDR		0x4
> +
> +static const struct xr_uart_regs xr21v141x_regs = {
> +	.enable = 0x03,
> +	.format = 0x0b,
> +	.flow_ctrl = 0x0c,
> +	.xon_char = 0x10,
> +	.xoff_char = 0x11,
> +	.loopback = 0x12,
> +	.tx_break = 0x14,
> +	.rs485_delay = 0x15,
> +	.gpio_mode = 0x1a,
> +	.gpio_dir = 0x1b,
> +	.gpio_int_mask = 0x1c,
> +	.gpio_set = 0x1d,
> +	.gpio_clr = 0x1e,
> +	.gpio_status = 0x1f,
> +};

Do you expect there to be more models supported by this driver? Perhaps
you shouldn't add this abstraction until then.

> +static int xr_set_reg(struct usb_serial_port *port, u8 block, u8 reg,
> +		      u8 val)
> +{
> +	struct usb_serial *serial = port->serial;
> +	int ret = -EINVAL;

Pointless init.

> +
> +	/* XR21V141X uses custom command for writing UART registers */

I'd drop this comment. These control messages are also used to access
the EEPROM etc.

> +	ret = usb_control_msg(serial->dev,
> +			      usb_sndctrlpipe(serial->dev, 0),
> +			      XR_SET_XR21V141X,
> +			      USB_DIR_OUT | USB_TYPE_VENDOR, val,
> +			      reg | (block << 8), NULL, 0,
> +			      USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
> +

Remove this newline.

> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		dev_err(&port->dev, "Failed to set reg 0x%x status: %d\n",

%02x; and skip "status" like:

	dev_err(&port->dev, "failed to set reg 0x%02x: %d\n",

> +			reg, ret);
> +
> +	return ret;

As Greg suggested, please return 0 explicitly here on success.

> +}
> +
> +static int xr_get_reg(struct usb_serial_port *port, u8 block, u8 reg,
> +		      u8 *val)
> +{
> +	struct usb_serial *serial = port->serial;
> +	void *dmabuf;
> +	int ret = -EINVAL;

Unnecessary, again.

> +
> +	dmabuf = kmalloc(1, GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!dmabuf)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	/* XR21V141X uses custom command for reading UART registers */

Drop this.

> +	ret = usb_control_msg(serial->dev,
> +			      usb_rcvctrlpipe(serial->dev, 0),
> +			      XR_GET_XR21V141X,
> +			      USB_DIR_IN | USB_TYPE_VENDOR, 0,
> +			      reg | (block << 8), dmabuf, 1,
> +			      USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);

s/SET/GET/

> +

No newline.

> +	if (ret == 1) {
> +		memcpy(val, dmabuf, 1);

Use u8 and assignment here as Greg suggested.

> +		ret = 0;
> +	} else {
> +		dev_err(&port->dev, "Failed to get reg 0x%x status: %d\n",

As above.

> +			reg, ret);
> +		if (ret >= 0)
> +			ret = -EIO;
> +	}
> +
> +	kfree(dmabuf);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/* Tx and Rx clock mask values obtained from section 3.3.4 of datasheet */
> +static const struct xr_txrx_clk_mask xr21v141x_txrx_clk_masks[] = {
> +	{ 0x000, 0x000, 0x000 },
> +	{ 0x000, 0x000, 0x000 },
> +	{ 0x100, 0x000, 0x100 },
> +	{ 0x020, 0x400, 0x020 },
> +	{ 0x010, 0x100, 0x010 },
> +	{ 0x208, 0x040, 0x208 },
> +	{ 0x104, 0x820, 0x108 },
> +	{ 0x844, 0x210, 0x884 },
> +	{ 0x444, 0x110, 0x444 },
> +	{ 0x122, 0x888, 0x224 },
> +	{ 0x912, 0x448, 0x924 },
> +	{ 0x492, 0x248, 0x492 },
> +	{ 0x252, 0x928, 0x292 },
> +	{ 0x94a, 0x4a4, 0xa52 },
> +	{ 0x52a, 0xaa4, 0x54a },
> +	{ 0xaaa, 0x954, 0x4aa },
> +	{ 0xaaa, 0x554, 0xaaa },
> +	{ 0x555, 0xad4, 0x5aa },
> +	{ 0xb55, 0xab4, 0x55a },
> +	{ 0x6b5, 0x5ac, 0xb56 },
> +	{ 0x5b5, 0xd6c, 0x6d6 },
> +	{ 0xb6d, 0xb6a, 0xdb6 },
> +	{ 0x76d, 0x6da, 0xbb6 },
> +	{ 0xedd, 0xdda, 0x76e },
> +	{ 0xddd, 0xbba, 0xeee },
> +	{ 0x7bb, 0xf7a, 0xdde },
> +	{ 0xf7b, 0xef6, 0x7de },
> +	{ 0xdf7, 0xbf6, 0xf7e },
> +	{ 0x7f7, 0xfee, 0xefe },
> +	{ 0xfdf, 0xfbe, 0x7fe },
> +	{ 0xf7f, 0xefe, 0xffe },
> +	{ 0xfff, 0xffe, 0xffd },
> +};
> +
> +static int xr_set_baudrate(struct tty_struct *tty,
> +			   struct usb_serial_port *port)
> +{
> +	u32 divisor = XR_INT_OSC_HZ / tty->termios.c_ospeed;

Boom -- division by zero. B0 should drop DTR/RTS.

> +	u32 idx = (32 * divisor) & 0x1f;
> +	u16 tx_mask = xr21v141x_txrx_clk_masks[idx].tx;
> +	u16 rx_mask = (divisor & 1) ? xr21v141x_txrx_clk_masks[idx].rx1 :
> +				      xr21v141x_txrx_clk_masks[idx].rx0;

Don't do non-trivial initialisations like this as part of declaration.
Avoid the ternary operator.

> +	int ret;
> +
> +	dev_dbg(&port->dev, "Setting baud rate :%u\n", tty->termios.c_ospeed);

Space after ':', not before.

> +
> +	/*
> +	 * XR21V141X uses fractional baud rate generator with 48MHz internal
> +	 * oscillator and 19-bit programmable divisor. So theoretically it can
> +	 * generate most commonly used baud rates with high accuracy.
> +	 */
> +	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 XR21V141X_CLOCK_DIVISOR_0, (divisor & 0xff));
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 XR21V141X_CLOCK_DIVISOR_1, ((divisor >>  8) & 0xff));
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 XR21V141X_CLOCK_DIVISOR_2, ((divisor >> 16) & 0xff));
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 XR21V141X_TX_CLOCK_MASK_0, (tx_mask & 0xff));
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 XR21V141X_TX_CLOCK_MASK_1, ((tx_mask >>  8) & 0xff));
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 XR21V141X_RX_CLOCK_MASK_0, (rx_mask & 0xff));
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 XR21V141X_RX_CLOCK_MASK_1, ((rx_mask >>  8) & 0xff));
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * According to datasheet, below is the recommended sequence for enabling UART
> + * module in XR21V141X:
> + *
> + * Enable Tx FIFO
> + * Enable Tx and Rx
> + * Enable Rx FIFO
> + */
> +static int xr_uart_enable(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> +{
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_URM_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 XR21V141X_URM_FIFO_ENABLE_REG,
> +			 XR21V141X_URM_ENABLE_TX_FIFO);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 port_priv->regs->enable,
> +			 UART_ENABLE_TX | UART_ENABLE_RX);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_URM_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 XR21V141X_URM_FIFO_ENABLE_REG,
> +			 XR21V141X_URM_ENABLE_TX_FIFO |
> +			 XR21V141X_URM_ENABLE_RX_FIFO);

Should you be undoing these on errors?

> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int xr_uart_disable(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> +{
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 port_priv->regs->enable, 0);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_URM_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 XR21V141X_URM_FIFO_ENABLE_REG, 0);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int xr_open(struct tty_struct *tty, struct usb_serial_port *port)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = xr_uart_enable(port);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		dev_err(&port->dev, "Failed to enable UART\n");
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = xr_set_baudrate(tty, port);

tty will be NULL when called by the console driver.

Why only init the line speed? Driver typically call set_termios() here
when not used as a console.

> +	if (ret) {
> +		dev_err(&port->dev, "Failed to set baudrate\n");
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	return usb_serial_generic_open(tty, port);

Disable on errors?

> +}
> +
> +static void xr_close(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> +{
> +	usb_serial_generic_close(port);
> +
> +	xr_uart_disable(port);
> +}
> +
> +static void xr_set_flow_mode(struct tty_struct *tty,
> +			     struct usb_serial_port *port,
> +			     unsigned int cflag)
> +{
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +	u8 flow, gpio_mode;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 port_priv->regs->gpio_mode, &gpio_mode);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return;
> +
> +	if (cflag & CRTSCTS) {
> +		dev_dbg(&port->dev, "Enabling hardware flow ctrl\n");
> +		flow = UART_FLOW_MODE_HW;
> +		gpio_mode |= UART_MODE_RTS_CTS;

These modes are exclusive, you cannot use |= here.

> +	} else if (I_IXOFF(tty) || I_IXON(tty)) {

This should just be IXOFF(tty) (flow control on input).

> +		u8 start_char = START_CHAR(tty);
> +		u8 stop_char = STOP_CHAR(tty);
> +
> +		dev_dbg(&port->dev, "Enabling sw flow ctrl\n");
> +		flow = UART_FLOW_MODE_SW;
> +		gpio_mode |= UART_MODE_GPIO;

Same here, this is broken; ORing with 0 doesn't set mode 0.

> +
> +		xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			   port_priv->regs->xon_char, start_char);
> +		xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			   port_priv->regs->xoff_char, stop_char);
> +	} else {
> +		dev_dbg(&port->dev, "No flow ctrl\n");
> +		flow = UART_FLOW_MODE_NONE;

I assume you need to set UART_MODE_GPIO here too to be able to control
RTS manually (default mode is RTS/CTS flow control).

> +	}
> +
> +	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 port_priv->regs->flow_ctrl, flow);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return;

The datasheet says that the flow control register can only be updated
when the uart is disabled.

	"These registers should only be written to when the UART is
	 disabled. Writing to the FLOW_CONTROL register when the UART is
	 enabled will result in undefined behavior."

> +
> +	xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK, port_priv->regs->gpio_mode,
> +		   gpio_mode);
> +}
> +
> +static void xr_set_termios(struct tty_struct *tty,
> +			   struct usb_serial_port *port,
> +			   struct ktermios *old_termios)
> +{
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +	struct device *dev = &port->dev;
> +	unsigned int cflag, old_cflag;
> +	int ret;
> +	u8 bits;
> +
> +	cflag = tty->termios.c_cflag;
> +	old_cflag = old_termios->c_cflag;
> +
> +	if (tty->termios.c_ospeed != old_termios->c_ospeed)
> +		xr_set_baudrate(tty, port);
> +
> +	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 port_priv->regs->format, &bits);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return;

No need to retrieve the current settings.

> +
> +	/* If the number of data bits is to be updated */
> +	if ((cflag & CSIZE) != (old_cflag & CSIZE)) {

Use C_CSIZE(tty) and friends and set these unconditionally.

> +		bits &= ~UART_DATA_MASK;
> +		switch (cflag & CSIZE) {
> +		case CS7:
> +			bits |= UART_DATA_7;
> +			dev_dbg(dev, "Setting data bits: 7\n");
> +			break;
> +		case CS8:
> +		/* CS9 not supported */
> +		default:
> +			bits |= UART_DATA_8;
> +			dev_dbg(dev, "Setting data bits: 8\n");

You should report back that you cannot set CS5 and CS6 by restoring the
old setting in tty->termios.

> +			break;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	if ((cflag & (PARENB | PARODD | CMSPAR)) !=
> +	    (old_cflag & (PARENB | PARODD | CMSPAR))) {

As above, determine these bits unconditionally.

> +		bits &= ~UART_PARITY_MASK;
> +		if (cflag & PARENB) {
> +			if (cflag & CMSPAR) {
> +				if (cflag & PARODD) {
> +					bits |= (UART_PARITY_MARK <<
> +						 UART_PARITY_SHIFT);

Parenthesis not need. Hopefully cleaner when you have reduced
indentation.

> +					dev_dbg(dev, "Setting parity: MARK\n");
> +				} else {
> +					bits |= (UART_PARITY_SPACE <<
> +						 UART_PARITY_SHIFT);
> +					dev_dbg(dev, "Setting parity: SPACE\n");
> +				}
> +			} else {
> +				if (cflag & PARODD) {
> +					bits |= (UART_PARITY_ODD <<
> +						 UART_PARITY_SHIFT);
> +					dev_dbg(dev, "Setting parity: ODD\n");
> +				} else {
> +					bits |= (UART_PARITY_EVEN <<
> +						 UART_PARITY_SHIFT);
> +					dev_dbg(dev, "Setting parity: EVEN\n");

And please drop all these dev_dbg (also for data bits).

> +				}
> +			}
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	if ((cflag & CSTOPB) != (old_cflag & CSTOPB)) {
> +		bits &= ~UART_STOP_MASK;
> +		if (cflag & CSTOPB) {
> +			bits |= (UART_STOP_2 << UART_STOP_SHIFT);
> +			dev_dbg(dev, "Setting stop bits: 2\n");
> +		} else {
> +			bits |= (UART_STOP_1 << UART_STOP_SHIFT);
> +			dev_dbg(dev, "Setting stop bits: 1\n");
> +		}
> +	}

As above.

> +
> +	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 port_priv->regs->format, (bits & 0xff));

bits is u8, no need to mask

> +	if (ret)
> +		return;
> +
> +	xr_set_flow_mode(tty, port, cflag);

cflag can be retreived from tty.

> +}
> +
> +static int xr_tiocmset_port(struct usb_serial_port *port,
> +			    unsigned int set, unsigned int clear)
> +{
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +	int ret = 0;
> +	u8 gpio_set = 0;
> +	u8 gpio_clr = 0;
> +
> +	/* Modem control pins are active low, so set & clr are swapped */
> +	if (set & TIOCM_RTS)
> +		gpio_clr |= UART_MODE_RTS;
> +	if (set & TIOCM_DTR)
> +		gpio_clr |= UART_MODE_DTR;
> +	if (clear & TIOCM_RTS)
> +		gpio_set |= UART_MODE_RTS;
> +	if (clear & TIOCM_DTR)
> +		gpio_set |= UART_MODE_DTR;
> +
> +	/* Writing '0' to gpio_{set/clr} bits has no effect, so no need to do */
> +	if (gpio_clr)
> +		ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +				 port_priv->regs->gpio_clr, gpio_clr);

Please add brackets since you have a multiline statement here.

> +
> +	if (gpio_set)
> +		ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +				 port_priv->regs->gpio_set, gpio_set);

Same here.

> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int xr_tiocmset(struct tty_struct *tty,
> +		       unsigned int set, unsigned int clear)
> +{
> +	struct usb_serial_port *port = tty->driver_data;
> +
> +	return xr_tiocmset_port(port, set, clear);
> +}
> +
> +static void xr_dtr_rts(struct usb_serial_port *port, int on)
> +{
> +	if (on)
> +		xr_tiocmset_port(port, TIOCM_DTR | TIOCM_RTS, 0);
> +	else
> +		xr_tiocmset_port(port, 0, TIOCM_DTR | TIOCM_RTS);
> +}
> +
> +static int xr_tiocmget(struct tty_struct *tty)
> +{
> +	struct usb_serial_port *port = tty->driver_data;
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +	int ret;
> +	u8 status;
> +
> +	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 port_priv->regs->gpio_status, &status);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Modem control pins are active low, so reading '0' means it is active
> +	 * and '1' means not active.
> +	 */
> +	ret = ((status & UART_MODE_DTR) ? 0 : TIOCM_DTR) |
> +	      ((status & UART_MODE_RTS) ? 0 : TIOCM_RTS) |
> +	      ((status & UART_MODE_CTS) ? 0 : TIOCM_CTS) |
> +	      ((status & UART_MODE_DSR) ? 0 : TIOCM_DSR) |
> +	      ((status & UART_MODE_RI) ? 0 : TIOCM_RI) |
> +	      ((status & UART_MODE_CD) ? 0 : TIOCM_CD);

Can you read back also the outputs? Also in automatic mode?

> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void xr_break_ctl(struct tty_struct *tty, int break_state)
> +{
> +	struct usb_serial_port *port = tty->driver_data;
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +	u8 state;
> +
> +	if (break_state == 0)
> +		state = UART_BREAK_OFF;
> +	else
> +		state = UART_BREAK_ON;
> +
> +	dev_dbg(&port->dev, "Turning break %s\n",
> +		state == UART_BREAK_OFF ? "off" : "on");
> +	xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK, port_priv->regs->tx_break,
> +		   state);
> +}
> +
> +static int xr_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> +{
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv;
> +
> +	port_priv = kzalloc(sizeof(*port_priv), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!port_priv)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	/* XR21V141X specific settings */
> +	port_priv->regs = &xr21v141x_regs;

May not be needed.

> +
> +	usb_set_serial_port_data(port, port_priv);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int xr_port_remove(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> +{
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +
> +	kfree(port_priv);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct usb_device_id id_table[] = {
> +	{ USB_DEVICE(0x04e2, 0x1410) }, /* XR21V141X */
> +	{ }
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, id_table);
> +
> +static struct usb_serial_driver xr_device = {
> +	.driver = {
> +		.owner = THIS_MODULE,
> +		.name =	"xr_serial",
> +	},
> +	.id_table		= id_table,
> +	.num_ports		= 1,
> +	.bulk_in_size		= 384,
> +	.bulk_out_size		= 128,

You should not necessarily set these to match the hardware fifo sizes.
They default to the respective endpoint size, but may be increased for
improved throughput.

> +	.open			= xr_open,
> +	.close			= xr_close,
> +	.break_ctl		= xr_break_ctl,
> +	.set_termios		= xr_set_termios,
> +	.tiocmget		= xr_tiocmget,
> +	.tiocmset		= xr_tiocmset,
> +	.port_probe		= xr_port_probe,
> +	.port_remove		= xr_port_remove,
> +	.dtr_rts		= xr_dtr_rts
> +};

As I mentioned elsewhere, you should only register a tty device for the
data interface, but still claim the control interface.

You probably should reject the control interface and claim it when
probing the data interface (rather than return 1 from attach as I
mentioned earlier).

> +
> +static struct usb_serial_driver * const serial_drivers[] = {
> +	&xr_device, NULL
> +};
> +
> +module_usb_serial_driver(serial_drivers, id_table);
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

Generally nice and clean overall.

Johan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 2/2] usb: serial: xr_serial: Add gpiochip support
  2020-04-30 18:49 ` [PATCH v3 2/2] usb: serial: xr_serial: Add gpiochip support mani
@ 2020-05-19 13:07   ` Johan Hovold
  2020-05-27  3:09     ` Manivannan Sadhasivam
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 9+ messages in thread
From: Johan Hovold @ 2020-05-19 13:07 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: mani
  Cc: johan, gregkh, linux-usb, linux-kernel, patong.mxl,
	Linus Walleij, linux-gpio

On Fri, May 01, 2020 at 12:19:24AM +0530, mani@kernel.org wrote:
> From: Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>
> 
> Add gpiochip support for Maxlinear/Exar USB to serial converter
> for controlling the available gpios.

You should mention that you've based this implementation on the other
usb-serial gpio-chip implementations (e.g. cp210x).

> Cc: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
> Cc: linux-gpio@vger.kernel.org
> Reviewed-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
> Signed-off-by: Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>
> ---
>  drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c | 199 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 198 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c b/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c
> index fdb9ddf8bd95..255a30540b52 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c
> +++ b/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c
> @@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
>   * Copyright (c) 2020 Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>
>   */
>  
> +#include <linux/gpio/driver.h>
>  #include <linux/kernel.h>
>  #include <linux/module.h>
>  #include <linux/slab.h>
> @@ -32,6 +33,11 @@ struct xr_uart_regs {
>  };
>  
>  struct xr_port_private {
> +#ifdef CONFIG_GPIOLIB
> +	struct gpio_chip gc;
> +	bool gpio_registered;
> +	u8 gpio_altfunc;
> +#endif
>  	const struct xr_uart_regs *regs;
>  };
>  
> @@ -562,6 +568,196 @@ static void xr_break_ctl(struct tty_struct *tty, int break_state)
>  		   state);
>  }
>  
> +#ifdef CONFIG_GPIOLIB
> +
> +static int xr_gpio_request(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int offset)
> +{
> +	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +
> +	/* Check if the requested GPIO is occupied */
> +	if (port_priv->gpio_altfunc & BIT(offset))
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int xr_gpio_get(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
> +{
> +	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +	int ret;
> +	u8 gpio_status;
> +
> +	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 port_priv->regs->gpio_status, &gpio_status);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	return !!(gpio_status & BIT(gpio));
> +}
> +
> +static void xr_gpio_set(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio, int val)
> +{
> +	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +
> +	if (val)
> +		xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			   port_priv->regs->gpio_set, BIT(gpio));
> +	else
> +		xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			   port_priv->regs->gpio_clr, BIT(gpio));

I see no coordination with the serial driver which may toggle the DTR
and RTS pins.

> +}
> +
> +static int xr_gpio_direction_get(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
> +{
> +	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +	int ret;
> +	u8 gpio_dir;
> +
> +	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 port_priv->regs->gpio_dir, &gpio_dir);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	/* Logic 0 = input and Logic 1 = output */
> +	return !(gpio_dir & BIT(gpio));
> +}
> +
> +static int xr_gpio_direction_input(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
> +{
> +	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +	int ret;
> +	u8 gpio_dir;
> +
> +	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 port_priv->regs->gpio_dir, &gpio_dir);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	gpio_dir &= ~BIT(gpio);
> +
> +	return xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			  port_priv->regs->gpio_dir, gpio_dir);
> +}
> +
> +static int xr_gpio_direction_output(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio,
> +				    int val)
> +{
> +	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +	int ret;
> +	u8 gpio_dir;
> +
> +	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 port_priv->regs->gpio_dir, &gpio_dir);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	gpio_dir |= BIT(gpio);
> +
> +	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 port_priv->regs->gpio_dir, gpio_dir);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	xr_gpio_set(gc, gpio, val);

If it's possible to set the value before changing direction then that
may be preferable.

> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int xr21v141x_gpio_init(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> +{
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +	int ret;
> +	u8 gpio_mode;
> +
> +	port_priv->gc.ngpio = 6;
> +
> +	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> +			 port_priv->regs->gpio_mode, &gpio_mode);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	/* Mark all pins which are not in GPIO mode */
> +	if (gpio_mode & UART_MODE_RTS_CTS)
> +		port_priv->gpio_altfunc |= (BIT(4) | BIT(5));
> +	else if (gpio_mode & UART_MODE_DTR_DSR)
> +		port_priv->gpio_altfunc |= (BIT(2) | BIT(3));
> +	else if (gpio_mode & UART_MODE_RS485)
> +		port_priv->gpio_altfunc |= BIT(5);
> +	else if (gpio_mode & UART_MODE_RS485_ADDR)
> +		port_priv->gpio_altfunc |= BIT(5);
> +	else
> +		port_priv->gpio_altfunc = 0; /* All GPIOs are available */

So this clearly isn't sufficient as the serial driver updates the
gpio-mode settings at runtime, which means you may have the two drivers
interfering with each other.

You probably need to reserve at least CTS/RTS (gpio 4 and 5) for use
by the serial driver. But suddenly driving the DSR, RI and CD inputs
probably isn't a good idea either.

How would you even what know what these pins are used for generally?

Perhaps refusing all gpio requests while the port is open and making
sure that the serial driver never touches a requested pin could work
(including indirectly through hardware flow control, etc).

> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int xr_gpio_init(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> +{
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +	struct usb_serial *serial = port->serial;
> +	int ret = 0;
> +	u16 pid;
> +
> +	/* Don't register gpiochip for interface 0 */
> +	if (port->minor == 0)
> +		return ret;

Heh. Nice hack. Unfortunately entirely broken as it only works if this
happens to be the first usb-serial device that is probed (port->minor is
the usb-serial port minor number, not the interface number).

> +
> +	pid = le16_to_cpu(serial->dev->descriptor.idProduct);
> +
> +	ret = xr21v141x_gpio_init(port);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	port_priv->gc.label = devm_kasprintf(&port->dev, GFP_KERNEL, "XR%04x",
> +					     pid);

No point in adding PID here.

> +	port_priv->gc.request = xr_gpio_request;
> +	port_priv->gc.get_direction = xr_gpio_direction_get;
> +	port_priv->gc.direction_input = xr_gpio_direction_input;
> +	port_priv->gc.direction_output = xr_gpio_direction_output;
> +	port_priv->gc.get = xr_gpio_get;
> +	port_priv->gc.set = xr_gpio_set;
> +	port_priv->gc.owner = THIS_MODULE;
> +	port_priv->gc.parent = &port->dev;
> +	port_priv->gc.base = -1;
> +	port_priv->gc.can_sleep = true;
> +
> +	ret = gpiochip_add_data(&port_priv->gc, port);
> +	if (!ret)
> +		port_priv->gpio_registered = true;
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void xr_gpio_remove(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> +{
> +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> +
> +	if (port_priv->gpio_registered) {
> +		gpiochip_remove(&port_priv->gc);
> +		port_priv->gpio_registered = false;
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +#else
> +
> +static int xr_gpio_init(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> +{
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void xr_gpio_remove(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> +{
> +	/* Nothing to do */

Comment not needed.

> +}
> +
> +#endif
> +
>  static int xr_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port)
>  {
>  	struct xr_port_private *port_priv;
> @@ -575,13 +771,14 @@ static int xr_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port)
>  
>  	usb_set_serial_port_data(port, port_priv);
>  
> -	return 0;
> +	return xr_gpio_init(port);

This is broken; you'll leak the port data on errors.

>  }
>  
>  static int xr_port_remove(struct usb_serial_port *port)
>  {
>  	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
>  
> +	xr_gpio_remove(port);
>  	kfree(port_priv);
>  
>  	return 0;

Johan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 2/2] usb: serial: xr_serial: Add gpiochip support
  2020-05-19 13:07   ` Johan Hovold
@ 2020-05-27  3:09     ` Manivannan Sadhasivam
  2020-05-29  9:00       ` Johan Hovold
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 9+ messages in thread
From: Manivannan Sadhasivam @ 2020-05-27  3:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Johan Hovold
  Cc: gregkh, linux-usb, linux-kernel, patong.mxl, Linus Walleij, linux-gpio

Hi,

On Tue, May 19, 2020 at 03:07:40PM +0200, Johan Hovold wrote:
> On Fri, May 01, 2020 at 12:19:24AM +0530, mani@kernel.org wrote:
> > From: Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>
> > 
> > Add gpiochip support for Maxlinear/Exar USB to serial converter
> > for controlling the available gpios.
> 
> You should mention that you've based this implementation on the other
> usb-serial gpio-chip implementations (e.g. cp210x).
> 
> > Cc: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
> > Cc: linux-gpio@vger.kernel.org
> > Reviewed-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
> > Signed-off-by: Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>
> > ---
> >  drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c | 199 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> >  1 file changed, 198 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c b/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c
> > index fdb9ddf8bd95..255a30540b52 100644
> > --- a/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c
> > +++ b/drivers/usb/serial/xr_serial.c
> > @@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
> >   * Copyright (c) 2020 Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>
> >   */
> >  
> > +#include <linux/gpio/driver.h>
> >  #include <linux/kernel.h>
> >  #include <linux/module.h>
> >  #include <linux/slab.h>
> > @@ -32,6 +33,11 @@ struct xr_uart_regs {
> >  };
> >  
> >  struct xr_port_private {
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_GPIOLIB
> > +	struct gpio_chip gc;
> > +	bool gpio_registered;
> > +	u8 gpio_altfunc;
> > +#endif
> >  	const struct xr_uart_regs *regs;
> >  };
> >  
> > @@ -562,6 +568,196 @@ static void xr_break_ctl(struct tty_struct *tty, int break_state)
> >  		   state);
> >  }
> >  
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_GPIOLIB
> > +
> > +static int xr_gpio_request(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int offset)
> > +{
> > +	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> > +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> > +
> > +	/* Check if the requested GPIO is occupied */
> > +	if (port_priv->gpio_altfunc & BIT(offset))
> > +		return -ENODEV;
> > +
> > +	return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int xr_gpio_get(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
> > +{
> > +	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> > +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> > +	int ret;
> > +	u8 gpio_status;
> > +
> > +	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> > +			 port_priv->regs->gpio_status, &gpio_status);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		return ret;
> > +
> > +	return !!(gpio_status & BIT(gpio));
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void xr_gpio_set(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio, int val)
> > +{
> > +	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> > +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> > +
> > +	if (val)
> > +		xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> > +			   port_priv->regs->gpio_set, BIT(gpio));
> > +	else
> > +		xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> > +			   port_priv->regs->gpio_clr, BIT(gpio));
> 
> I see no coordination with the serial driver which may toggle the DTR
> and RTS pins.
> 
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int xr_gpio_direction_get(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
> > +{
> > +	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> > +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> > +	int ret;
> > +	u8 gpio_dir;
> > +
> > +	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> > +			 port_priv->regs->gpio_dir, &gpio_dir);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		return ret;
> > +
> > +	/* Logic 0 = input and Logic 1 = output */
> > +	return !(gpio_dir & BIT(gpio));
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int xr_gpio_direction_input(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
> > +{
> > +	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> > +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> > +	int ret;
> > +	u8 gpio_dir;
> > +
> > +	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> > +			 port_priv->regs->gpio_dir, &gpio_dir);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		return ret;
> > +
> > +	gpio_dir &= ~BIT(gpio);
> > +
> > +	return xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> > +			  port_priv->regs->gpio_dir, gpio_dir);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int xr_gpio_direction_output(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio,
> > +				    int val)
> > +{
> > +	struct usb_serial_port *port = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> > +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> > +	int ret;
> > +	u8 gpio_dir;
> > +
> > +	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> > +			 port_priv->regs->gpio_dir, &gpio_dir);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		return ret;
> > +
> > +	gpio_dir |= BIT(gpio);
> > +
> > +	ret = xr_set_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> > +			 port_priv->regs->gpio_dir, gpio_dir);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		return ret;
> > +
> > +	xr_gpio_set(gc, gpio, val);
> 
> If it's possible to set the value before changing direction then that
> may be preferable.
> 
> > +
> > +	return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int xr21v141x_gpio_init(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> > +{
> > +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> > +	int ret;
> > +	u8 gpio_mode;
> > +
> > +	port_priv->gc.ngpio = 6;
> > +
> > +	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> > +			 port_priv->regs->gpio_mode, &gpio_mode);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		return ret;
> > +
> > +	/* Mark all pins which are not in GPIO mode */
> > +	if (gpio_mode & UART_MODE_RTS_CTS)
> > +		port_priv->gpio_altfunc |= (BIT(4) | BIT(5));
> > +	else if (gpio_mode & UART_MODE_DTR_DSR)
> > +		port_priv->gpio_altfunc |= (BIT(2) | BIT(3));
> > +	else if (gpio_mode & UART_MODE_RS485)
> > +		port_priv->gpio_altfunc |= BIT(5);
> > +	else if (gpio_mode & UART_MODE_RS485_ADDR)
> > +		port_priv->gpio_altfunc |= BIT(5);
> > +	else
> > +		port_priv->gpio_altfunc = 0; /* All GPIOs are available */
> 
> So this clearly isn't sufficient as the serial driver updates the
> gpio-mode settings at runtime, which means you may have the two drivers
> interfering with each other.
> 

Agree. I was not sure earlier on how to handle this.

> You probably need to reserve at least CTS/RTS (gpio 4 and 5) for use
> by the serial driver. But suddenly driving the DSR, RI and CD inputs
> probably isn't a good idea either.
> 
> How would you even what know what these pins are used for generally?
> 
> Perhaps refusing all gpio requests while the port is open and making
> sure that the serial driver never touches a requested pin could work
> (including indirectly through hardware flow control, etc).
> 

Is there an API or recommended way to check if the port is open? I just see a
helper for tty...

Thanks,
Mani

> > +
> > +	return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int xr_gpio_init(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> > +{
> > +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> > +	struct usb_serial *serial = port->serial;
> > +	int ret = 0;
> > +	u16 pid;
> > +
> > +	/* Don't register gpiochip for interface 0 */
> > +	if (port->minor == 0)
> > +		return ret;
> 
> Heh. Nice hack. Unfortunately entirely broken as it only works if this
> happens to be the first usb-serial device that is probed (port->minor is
> the usb-serial port minor number, not the interface number).
> 
> > +
> > +	pid = le16_to_cpu(serial->dev->descriptor.idProduct);
> > +
> > +	ret = xr21v141x_gpio_init(port);
> > +	if (ret < 0)
> > +		return ret;
> > +
> > +	port_priv->gc.label = devm_kasprintf(&port->dev, GFP_KERNEL, "XR%04x",
> > +					     pid);
> 
> No point in adding PID here.
> 
> > +	port_priv->gc.request = xr_gpio_request;
> > +	port_priv->gc.get_direction = xr_gpio_direction_get;
> > +	port_priv->gc.direction_input = xr_gpio_direction_input;
> > +	port_priv->gc.direction_output = xr_gpio_direction_output;
> > +	port_priv->gc.get = xr_gpio_get;
> > +	port_priv->gc.set = xr_gpio_set;
> > +	port_priv->gc.owner = THIS_MODULE;
> > +	port_priv->gc.parent = &port->dev;
> > +	port_priv->gc.base = -1;
> > +	port_priv->gc.can_sleep = true;
> > +
> > +	ret = gpiochip_add_data(&port_priv->gc, port);
> > +	if (!ret)
> > +		port_priv->gpio_registered = true;
> > +
> > +	return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void xr_gpio_remove(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> > +{
> > +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> > +
> > +	if (port_priv->gpio_registered) {
> > +		gpiochip_remove(&port_priv->gc);
> > +		port_priv->gpio_registered = false;
> > +	}
> > +}
> > +
> > +#else
> > +
> > +static int xr_gpio_init(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> > +{
> > +	return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void xr_gpio_remove(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> > +{
> > +	/* Nothing to do */
> 
> Comment not needed.
> 
> > +}
> > +
> > +#endif
> > +
> >  static int xr_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> >  {
> >  	struct xr_port_private *port_priv;
> > @@ -575,13 +771,14 @@ static int xr_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> >  
> >  	usb_set_serial_port_data(port, port_priv);
> >  
> > -	return 0;
> > +	return xr_gpio_init(port);
> 
> This is broken; you'll leak the port data on errors.
> 
> >  }
> >  
> >  static int xr_port_remove(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> >  {
> >  	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> >  
> > +	xr_gpio_remove(port);
> >  	kfree(port_priv);
> >  
> >  	return 0;
> 
> Johan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 2/2] usb: serial: xr_serial: Add gpiochip support
  2020-05-27  3:09     ` Manivannan Sadhasivam
@ 2020-05-29  9:00       ` Johan Hovold
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Johan Hovold @ 2020-05-29  9:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Manivannan Sadhasivam
  Cc: Johan Hovold, gregkh, linux-usb, linux-kernel, patong.mxl,
	Linus Walleij, linux-gpio

On Wed, May 27, 2020 at 08:39:59AM +0530, Manivannan Sadhasivam wrote:
> Hi,
> 
> On Tue, May 19, 2020 at 03:07:40PM +0200, Johan Hovold wrote:
> > On Fri, May 01, 2020 at 12:19:24AM +0530, mani@kernel.org wrote:
> > > From: Manivannan Sadhasivam <mani@kernel.org>
> > > 
> > > Add gpiochip support for Maxlinear/Exar USB to serial converter
> > > for controlling the available gpios.

> > > +static int xr21v141x_gpio_init(struct usb_serial_port *port)
> > > +{
> > > +	struct xr_port_private *port_priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
> > > +	int ret;
> > > +	u8 gpio_mode;
> > > +
> > > +	port_priv->gc.ngpio = 6;
> > > +
> > > +	ret = xr_get_reg(port, XR21V141X_UART_REG_BLOCK,
> > > +			 port_priv->regs->gpio_mode, &gpio_mode);
> > > +	if (ret)
> > > +		return ret;
> > > +
> > > +	/* Mark all pins which are not in GPIO mode */
> > > +	if (gpio_mode & UART_MODE_RTS_CTS)
> > > +		port_priv->gpio_altfunc |= (BIT(4) | BIT(5));
> > > +	else if (gpio_mode & UART_MODE_DTR_DSR)
> > > +		port_priv->gpio_altfunc |= (BIT(2) | BIT(3));
> > > +	else if (gpio_mode & UART_MODE_RS485)
> > > +		port_priv->gpio_altfunc |= BIT(5);
> > > +	else if (gpio_mode & UART_MODE_RS485_ADDR)
> > > +		port_priv->gpio_altfunc |= BIT(5);
> > > +	else
> > > +		port_priv->gpio_altfunc = 0; /* All GPIOs are available */
> > 
> > So this clearly isn't sufficient as the serial driver updates the
> > gpio-mode settings at runtime, which means you may have the two drivers
> > interfering with each other.
> 
> Agree. I was not sure earlier on how to handle this.
> 
> > You probably need to reserve at least CTS/RTS (gpio 4 and 5) for use
> > by the serial driver. But suddenly driving the DSR, RI and CD inputs
> > probably isn't a good idea either.
> > 
> > How would you even what know what these pins are used for generally?
> > 
> > Perhaps refusing all gpio requests while the port is open and making
> > sure that the serial driver never touches a requested pin could work
> > (including indirectly through hardware flow control, etc).
> 
> Is there an API or recommended way to check if the port is open? I
> just see a helper for tty...

You're gonna need to add your own flag and locking as you're
coordinating two distinct drivers.

Johan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 9+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2020-04-30 18:49 [PATCH v3 0/2] Add support for MaxLinear/Exar USB to serial converters mani
2020-04-30 18:49 ` [PATCH v3 1/2] usb: serial: Add MaxLinear/Exar USB to Serial driver mani
2020-05-18  6:07   ` Greg KH
2020-05-19 12:33   ` Johan Hovold
2020-04-30 18:49 ` [PATCH v3 2/2] usb: serial: xr_serial: Add gpiochip support mani
2020-05-19 13:07   ` Johan Hovold
2020-05-27  3:09     ` Manivannan Sadhasivam
2020-05-29  9:00       ` Johan Hovold
2020-05-16  7:06 ` [PATCH v3 0/2] Add support for MaxLinear/Exar USB to serial converters Manivannan Sadhasivam

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