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From: Tejas Joglekar <Tejas.Joglekar@synopsys.com>
To: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Tejas Joglekar <Tejas.Joglekar@synopsys.com>
Cc: "linux-usb@vger.kernel.org" <linux-usb@vger.kernel.org>,
	Chunfeng Yun <chunfeng.yun@mediatek.com>,
	Fredrik Noring <noring@nocrew.org>,
	"Mathias Nyman" <mathias.nyman@intel.com>,
	Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>,
	Raul E Rangel <rrangel@chromium.org>,
	"Laurentiu Tudor" <laurentiu.tudor@nxp.com>,
	Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>,
	John Youn <John.Youn@synopsys.com>
Subject: Re: [RESENDING RFC PATCH 4/4] usb: xhci: Use temporary buffer to consolidate SG
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 2020 10:05:21 +0000
Message-ID: <d20ec217-adc2-e587-f285-83fbabc30378@synopsys.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200327092759.GA1693819@kroah.com>

Hi,
On 3/27/2020 2:57 PM, Greg KH wrote:
> On Fri, Mar 27, 2020 at 02:23:46PM +0530, Tejas Joglekar wrote:
>> The Synopsys xHC has an internal TRB cache of size TRB_CACHE_SIZE for
>> each endpoint. The default value for TRB_CACHE_SIZE is 16 for SS and 8
>> for HS. The controller loads and updates the TRB cache from the transfer
>> ring in system memory whenever the driver issues a start transfer or
>> update transfer command.
>>
>> For chained TRBs, the Synopsys xHC requires that the total amount of
>> bytes for all TRBs loaded in the TRB cache be greater than or equal to 1
>> MPS. Or the chain ends within the TRB cache (with a last TRB).
>>
>> If this requirement is not met, the controller will not be able to send
>> or receive a packet and it will hang causing a driver timeout and error.
> 
> Sounds like broken hardware, or is this requirement in the xhci spec?
> 
Not a xhci spec requirement, but behavior of Synopsys xHC. We have not seen
actual failure on Linux yet but it is possible in future if SG list with
very small buffer size is given for transfer. 
>>
>> This can be a problem if a class driver queues SG requests with many
>> small-buffer entries. The XHCI driver will create a chained TRB for each
>> entry which may trigger this issue.
>>
>> This patch adds logic to the XHCI driver to detect and prevent this from
>> happening.
>>
>> For every (TRB_CACHE_SIZE - 2), we check the total buffer size of
>> the SG list and if the last window of (TRB_CACHE_SIZE - 2) SG list length
>> and we don't make up at least 1 MPS, we create a temporary buffer to
>> consolidate full SG list into the buffer.
>>
>> We check at (TRB_CACHE_SIZE - 2) window because it is possible that there
>> would be a link and/or event data TRB that take up to 2 of the cache
>> entries.
>>
>> We discovered this issue with devices on other platforms but have not
>> yet come across any device that triggers this on Linux. But it could be
>> a real problem now or in the future. All it takes is N number of small
>> chained TRBs. And other instances of the Synopsys IP may have smaller
>> values for the TRB_CACHE_SIZE which would exacerbate the problem.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Tejas Joglekar <joglekar@synopsys.com>
>> ---
>>
>> Resending as 'umlaut' in email are not accepted by some servers.
>>
>>  drivers/usb/core/hcd.c       |   8 +++
>>  drivers/usb/host/xhci-ring.c |   2 +-
>>  drivers/usb/host/xhci.c      | 128 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>  drivers/usb/host/xhci.h      |   4 ++
>>  4 files changed, 141 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/usb/core/hcd.c b/drivers/usb/core/hcd.c
>> index aa45840d8273..fdd257a2b8a6 100644
>> --- a/drivers/usb/core/hcd.c
>> +++ b/drivers/usb/core/hcd.c
>> @@ -1459,6 +1459,14 @@ int usb_hcd_map_urb_for_dma(struct usb_hcd *hcd, struct urb *urb,
>>  					return -EINVAL;
>>  				}
>>  
>> +				/*
>> +				 * If SG is consolidate into single buffer
>> +				 * return early
> 
> I do not understand this comment.

The SG list is copied to a temporary buffer, and buffer is DMA mapped so we should 
not map the SG list again, and return without any mapping here. 
> 
>> +				 */
>> +				if ((urb->transfer_flags &
>> +				     URB_DMA_MAP_SINGLE))
>> +					return ret;
> 
> Why?  Isn't this now going to affect other host controllers (like all of
> them?)
> 
When urb->num_sgs is greater than 0, other than my quirk dma_map function no one
will set the DMA transfer flag as URB_DMA_MAP_SINGLE. So it would not be called by
all HC's. Even when the SG list does not have very small buffer sizes this quirk will
not set the URB_DMA_MAP_SINGLE transfer flag.
>> +
>>  				n = dma_map_sg(
>>  						hcd->self.sysdev,
>>  						urb->sg,
>> diff --git a/drivers/usb/host/xhci-ring.c b/drivers/usb/host/xhci-ring.c
>> index a78787bb5133..2fad9474912a 100644
>> --- a/drivers/usb/host/xhci-ring.c
>> +++ b/drivers/usb/host/xhci-ring.c
>> @@ -3291,7 +3291,7 @@ int xhci_queue_bulk_tx(struct xhci_hcd *xhci, gfp_t mem_flags,
>>  
>>  	full_len = urb->transfer_buffer_length;
>>  	/* If we have scatter/gather list, we use it. */
>> -	if (urb->num_sgs) {
>> +	if (urb->num_sgs && !(urb->transfer_flags & URB_DMA_MAP_SINGLE)) {
>>  		num_sgs = urb->num_mapped_sgs;
>>  		sg = urb->sg;
>>  		addr = (u64) sg_dma_address(sg);
>> diff --git a/drivers/usb/host/xhci.c b/drivers/usb/host/xhci.c
>> index fe38275363e0..94fddbd06179 100644
>> --- a/drivers/usb/host/xhci.c
>> +++ b/drivers/usb/host/xhci.c
>> @@ -1256,6 +1256,109 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xhci_resume);
>>  
>>  /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
>>  
>> +static int xhci_map_temp_buffer(struct usb_hcd *hcd, struct urb *urb)
>> +{
>> +	void *temp;
>> +	int ret = 0;
>> +	unsigned int len;
>> +	unsigned int buf_len;
>> +	enum dma_data_direction dir;
>> +	struct xhci_hcd *xhci;
>> +
>> +	xhci = hcd_to_xhci(hcd);
>> +	dir = usb_urb_dir_in(urb) ? DMA_FROM_DEVICE : DMA_TO_DEVICE;
>> +	buf_len = urb->transfer_buffer_length;
>> +
>> +	temp = kzalloc_node(buf_len, GFP_ATOMIC,
>> +			    dev_to_node(hcd->self.sysdev));
>> +	if (!temp) {
>> +		xhci_warn(xhci, "Failed to create temp buffer, HC may fail\n");
> 
> Didn't kzalloc just warn before this?
> 
Yes, It should.
> And isn't this whole thing going to cause a lot more memory allocations
> per submission than before?
> 
If buffer sizes for SG list are very small (less than MPS size per TRB_CACHE_SIZE)
yes, it will have more memory allocations. 

>> +		return -ENOMEM;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	if (usb_urb_dir_out(urb)) {
>> +		len = sg_pcopy_to_buffer(urb->sg, urb->num_sgs,
>> +					 temp, buf_len, 0);
>> +		if (len != buf_len)
>> +			xhci_warn(xhci, "Wrong temp buffer write length\n");
> 
> How could this happen?  And if it does, why spam the kernel log about it
> and yet not return an error?
>
Logic similar to bounce buffer allocation, but I agree should not log this as
we don't want to return with error here.
 
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	urb->transfer_buffer = temp;
>> +	urb->transfer_dma = dma_map_single(hcd->self.sysdev,
>> +					   urb->transfer_buffer,
>> +					   urb->transfer_buffer_length,
>> +					   dir);
>> +	if (dma_mapping_error(hcd->self.sysdev,
>> +			      urb->transfer_dma)) {
>> +		xhci_err(xhci, "dma mapping error\n");
> 
> Again, didn't dma_mapping_error() spit out a message?
>
Yes, should remove this too.
 
>> +		ret = -EAGAIN;
>> +		kfree(temp);
>> +	} else {
>> +		urb->transfer_flags |= URB_DMA_MAP_SINGLE;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	return ret;
>> +}
> 
> thanks,
> 
> greg k-h
> 

Thanks & Regards,
Tejas Joglekar

  reply index

Thread overview: 19+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-03-27  8:52 [RESENDING RFC PATCH 0/4] Add logic to consolidate TRBs for Synopsys xHC Tejas Joglekar
2020-03-27  8:34 ` [RFC PATCH 1/4] dt-bindings: usb: Add snps,consolidate-sgl & consolidate-sgl Tejas Joglekar
2020-03-27  9:41   ` [RESENDING RFC " Tejas Joglekar
2020-03-27  9:54   ` Greg KH
2020-03-27 10:11     ` Tejas Joglekar
2020-03-27 10:24       ` Greg KH
2020-03-27 10:28         ` Tejas Joglekar
2020-03-27  8:35 ` [RFC PATCH 2/4] usb: xhci: Set quirk for XHCI_CONSOLIDATE_SG_LIST Tejas Joglekar
2020-03-27  9:42   ` [RESENDING RFC " Tejas Joglekar
2020-03-27  8:35 ` [RFC PATCH 3/4] usb: dwc3: Add device property consolidate-sgl Tejas Joglekar
2020-03-27  9:42   ` [RESENDING RFC " Tejas Joglekar
2020-03-27  8:53 ` [RESENDING RFC PATCH 4/4] usb: xhci: Use temporary buffer to consolidate SG Tejas Joglekar
2020-03-27  9:27   ` Greg KH
2020-03-27 10:05     ` Tejas Joglekar [this message]
2020-03-27 10:22       ` Greg KH
2020-03-27 11:25         ` Mathias Nyman
2020-03-27 15:38           ` Raul Rangel
2020-03-27  9:28 ` [RESENDING RFC PATCH 0/4] Add logic to consolidate TRBs for Synopsys xHC Greg KH
2020-03-27  9:43   ` Tejas Joglekar

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