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From: Matthias Maennich <maennich@google.com>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: kernel-team@android.com, maennich@google.com, arnd@arndb.de,
	gregkh@linuxfoundation.org, jeyu@kernel.org,
	joel@joelfernandes.org, lucas.de.marchi@gmail.com,
	maco@android.com, sspatil@google.com, will@kernel.org,
	yamada.masahiro@socionext.com, linux-kbuild@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-modules@vger.kernel.org, linux-usb@vger.kernel.org,
	usb-storage@lists.one-eyed-alien.net,
	linux-watchdog@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v4 02/12] export: explicitly align struct kernel_symbol
Date: Tue,  3 Sep 2019 16:06:28 +0100
Message-ID: <20190903150638.242049-3-maennich@google.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190903150638.242049-1-maennich@google.com>

This change allows growing struct kernel_symbol without wasting bytes to
alignment. It also concretized the alignment of ksymtab entries if
relative references are used for ksymtab entries.

struct kernel_symbol was already implicitly being aligned to the word
size, except on x86_64 and m68k, where it is aligned to 16 and 2 bytes,
respectively.

As far as I can tell there is no requirement for aligning struct
kernel_symbol to 16 bytes on x86_64, but gcc aligns structs to their
size, and the linker aligns the custom __ksymtab sections to the largest
data type contained within, so setting KSYM_ALIGN to 16 was necessary to
stay consistent with the code generated for non-ASM EXPORT_SYMBOL(). Now
that non-ASM EXPORT_SYMBOL() explicitly aligns to word size (8),
KSYM_ALIGN is no longer necessary.

In case of relative references, the alignment has been changed
accordingly to not waste space when adding new struct members.

As for m68k, struct kernel_symbol is aligned to 2 bytes even though the
structure itself is 8 bytes; using a 4-byte alignment shouldn't hurt.

I manually verified the output of the __ksymtab sections didn't change
on x86, x86_64, arm, arm64 and m68k. As expected, the section contents
didn't change, and the ELF section alignment only changed on x86_64 and
m68k. Feedback from other archs more than welcome.

Co-developed-by: Martijn Coenen <maco@android.com>
Signed-off-by: Martijn Coenen <maco@android.com>
Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Matthias Maennich <maennich@google.com>
---
 arch/m68k/include/asm/export.h | 1 -
 include/asm-generic/export.h   | 8 +++-----
 include/linux/export.h         | 3 ++-
 3 files changed, 5 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/m68k/include/asm/export.h b/arch/m68k/include/asm/export.h
index 0af20f48bd07..b53008b67ce1 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/include/asm/export.h
+++ b/arch/m68k/include/asm/export.h
@@ -1,3 +1,2 @@
-#define KSYM_ALIGN 2
 #define KCRC_ALIGN 2
 #include <asm-generic/export.h>
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/export.h b/include/asm-generic/export.h
index 294d6ae785d4..63f54907317b 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/export.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/export.h
@@ -4,15 +4,13 @@
 #ifndef KSYM_FUNC
 #define KSYM_FUNC(x) x
 #endif
-#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
-#ifndef KSYM_ALIGN
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+#define KSYM_ALIGN 4
+#elif defined(CONFIG_64BIT)
 #define KSYM_ALIGN 8
-#endif
 #else
-#ifndef KSYM_ALIGN
 #define KSYM_ALIGN 4
 #endif
-#endif
 #ifndef KCRC_ALIGN
 #define KCRC_ALIGN 4
 #endif
diff --git a/include/linux/export.h b/include/linux/export.h
index fd8711ed9ac4..28a4d2150689 100644
--- a/include/linux/export.h
+++ b/include/linux/export.h
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ extern struct module __this_module;
 #define __KSYMTAB_ENTRY(sym, sec)					\
 	__ADDRESSABLE(sym)						\
 	asm("	.section \"___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym "\", \"a\"	\n"	\
-	    "	.balign	8					\n"	\
+	    "	.balign 4					\n"	\
 	    "__ksymtab_" #sym ":				\n"	\
 	    "	.long	" #sym "- .				\n"	\
 	    "	.long	__kstrtab_" #sym "- .			\n"	\
@@ -66,6 +66,7 @@ struct kernel_symbol {
 #define __KSYMTAB_ENTRY(sym, sec)					\
 	static const struct kernel_symbol __ksymtab_##sym		\
 	__attribute__((section("___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym), used))	\
+	__aligned(sizeof(void *))					\
 	= { (unsigned long)&sym, __kstrtab_##sym }
 
 struct kernel_symbol {
-- 
2.23.0.187.g17f5b7556c-goog


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 27+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
     [not found] <20180716122125.175792-1-maco@android.com>
2019-09-03 15:06 ` [PATCH v4 00/12] Symbol Namespaces Matthias Maennich
2019-09-03 15:06   ` [PATCH v4 01/12] module: support reading multiple values per modinfo tag Matthias Maennich
2019-09-03 15:06   ` Matthias Maennich [this message]
2019-09-03 15:06   ` [PATCH v4 03/12] module: add support for symbol namespaces Matthias Maennich
2019-09-03 15:06   ` [PATCH v4 04/12] modpost: " Matthias Maennich
2019-09-03 15:06   ` [PATCH v4 05/12] module: add config option MODULE_ALLOW_MISSING_NAMESPACE_IMPORTS Matthias Maennich
2019-09-03 15:06   ` [PATCH v4 06/12] export: allow definition default namespaces in Makefiles or sources Matthias Maennich
2019-09-03 15:06   ` [PATCH v4 07/12] modpost: add support for generating namespace dependencies Matthias Maennich
2019-09-03 15:06   ` [PATCH v4 08/12] scripts: Coccinelle script for " Matthias Maennich
2019-09-04  9:53     ` Masahiro Yamada
2019-09-05 14:46       ` Matthias Maennich
2019-09-03 15:06   ` [PATCH v4 09/12] docs: Add documentation for Symbol Namespaces Matthias Maennich
2019-09-04  7:16     ` Greg KH
2019-09-03 15:06   ` [PATCH v4 10/12] usb-storage: remove single-use define for debugging Matthias Maennich
2019-09-03 15:06   ` [PATCH v4 11/12] RFC: usb-storage: export symbols in USB_STORAGE namespace Matthias Maennich
2019-09-03 15:06   ` [PATCH v4 12/12] RFC: watchdog: export core symbols in WATCHDOG_CORE namespace Matthias Maennich
2019-09-03 16:10     ` Guenter Roeck
2019-09-04  8:45       ` Masahiro Yamada
2019-09-04 12:12         ` Guenter Roeck
2019-09-04 16:16           ` [usb-storage] " Matthew Dharm
2019-09-05 10:41             ` Jessica Yu
2019-09-05 10:52               ` Arnd Bergmann
2019-09-05 11:16                 ` Jessica Yu
2019-09-05 11:25                   ` Masahiro Yamada
2019-09-05 12:00                     ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
2019-09-05 11:25               ` Matthias Maennich
2019-09-04  9:37   ` [PATCH v4 00/12] Symbol Namespaces Masahiro Yamada

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