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* [PATCH v2] watchdog: add new parameter to start the watchdog on module insertion
@ 2021-04-13 10:20 Flavio Suligoi
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: Flavio Suligoi @ 2021-04-13 10:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Wim Van Sebroeck, Guenter Roeck
  Cc: Mika Westerberg, linux-watchdog, linux-kernel, Flavio Suligoi

The new parameter "start_enabled" starts the watchdog at the same time
of the module insertion.
This feature is very useful in embedded systems, to avoid cases where
the system hangs before reaching userspace.

This feature can be enabled in the kernel config, so it can be also
used when the watchdog driver is build as "built-in".

This parameter involves the "core" section of the watchdog driver;
in this way it is common for all the watchdog hardware implementations.

Signed-off-by: Flavio Suligoi <>

v2: - check WDOG_HW_RUNNING before starting watchdog;
    - remove useless comments in commit text, watchdog-parameters.rst and
v1: - first version;

 Documentation/watchdog/watchdog-parameters.rst |  3 +++
 drivers/watchdog/Kconfig                       |  9 +++++++++
 drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c               | 12 ++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 24 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/watchdog/watchdog-parameters.rst b/Documentation/watchdog/watchdog-parameters.rst
index 223c99361a30..7780d0c1fb4a 100644
--- a/Documentation/watchdog/watchdog-parameters.rst
+++ b/Documentation/watchdog/watchdog-parameters.rst
@@ -21,6 +21,9 @@ watchdog core:
 	timeout. Setting this to a non-zero value can be useful to ensure that
 	either userspace comes up properly, or the board gets reset and allows
 	fallback logic in the bootloader to try something else.
+    start_enabled:
+	Watchdog is started on module insertion. This option can be also
+	selected by kernel config (default=kernel config parameter).
diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig b/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig
index 0470dc15c085..1c480f4c7f94 100644
--- a/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig
@@ -47,6 +47,15 @@ config WATCHDOG_NOWAYOUT
 	  get killed. If you say Y here, the watchdog cannot be stopped once
 	  it has been started.
+	bool "Start watchdog on module insertion"
+	help
+	  Say Y if you want to start the watchdog at the same time when the
+	  driver is loaded.
+	  This feature is very useful in embedded systems, to avoid cases where
+	  the system could hang before reaching userspace.
+	  This parameter applies to all watchdog drivers.
 	bool "Update boot-enabled watchdog until userspace takes over"
 	default y
diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c
index 5df0a22e2cb4..8a1e2e9331ee 100644
--- a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c
+++ b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c
@@ -43,6 +43,11 @@ static int stop_on_reboot = -1;
 module_param(stop_on_reboot, int, 0444);
 MODULE_PARM_DESC(stop_on_reboot, "Stop watchdogs on reboot (0=keep watching, 1=stop)");
+static bool start_enabled = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_WATCHDOG_START_ENABLED);
+module_param(start_enabled, bool, 0444);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(start_enabled, "Start watchdog on module insertion (default="
  * Deferred Registration infrastructure.
@@ -224,6 +229,13 @@ static int __watchdog_register_device(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
 	 * corrupted in a later stage then we expect a kernel panic!
+	/* If required, start the watchdog immediately */
+	if (start_enabled && !watchdog_hw_running(wdd)) {
+		set_bit(WDOG_HW_RUNNING, &wdd->status);
+		wdd->ops->start(wdd);
+		pr_info("Watchdog enabled\n");
+	}
 	/* Use alias for watchdog id if possible */
 	if (wdd->parent) {
 		ret = of_alias_get_id(wdd->parent->of_node, "watchdog");

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2021-04-13 10:20 [PATCH v2] watchdog: add new parameter to start the watchdog on module insertion Flavio Suligoi

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