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From: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
To: cminyard@mvista.com
Cc: minyard@acm.org, Wim Van Sebroeck <wim@linux-watchdog.org>,
	linux-watchdog@vger.kernel.org,
	Gabriele Paoloni <gabriele.paoloni@intel.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/6] watchdog: Allow a driver to use milliseconds instead of seconds
Date: Fri, 26 Jun 2020 21:08:47 -0700
Message-ID: <71e26902-4b76-ad71-cbd9-6c5d9b128ddd@roeck-us.net> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200627021824.GU3258@minyard.net>

On 6/26/20 7:18 PM, Corey Minyard wrote:
> On Fri, Jun 26, 2020 at 04:10:41PM -0700, Guenter Roeck wrote:
>> On 6/20/20 10:33 AM, minyard@acm.org wrote:
>>> From: Corey Minyard <cminyard@mvista.com>
>>>
>>> If the WDIOF_MSECTIMER is set, then all the timeouts in the watchdog
>>> structure are expected to be in milliseconds.  Add the flag and the
>>> various conversions.  This should have no effect on existing drivers.
>>>
>>
>> For this to work, the entire watchdog core code has to be converted to be based
>> on milliseconds, with API functions converting from s to ms on incoming calls
>> and from ms to s on outgoing calls. At the same time, the existing UAPI must not
>> be changed and still be based on seconds. Milli-second functionality such as
>> milli-second based sysfs attributes or milli-second based ioctls can be added
>> separately.
>>
>> That means functions such as watchdog_need_worker() must be completely based
>> on milli-seconds and not make an on-the-fly conversion on each call.
>> That is just one example.
>>
>> I'd give it a try myself, but unfortunately I just don't have the time.
> 
> The patches in this series should do all this.  For instance:
> 
> @@ -99,7 +99,11 @@ static inline bool watchdog_need_worker(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
>  {
>         /* All variables in milli-seconds */
>         unsigned int hm = wdd->max_hw_heartbeat_ms;
> -       unsigned int t = wdd->timeout * 1000;
> +       unsigned int t = wdd->timeout;
> +
> +       if (!(wdd->info->options & WDIOF_MSECTIMER))
> +               /* Convert to msecs if not already so. */
> +               t *= 1000;
> 
>         /*
>          * A worker to generate heartbeat requests is needed if all of the
> 
> Basically, the changes keep the timeout in milliseconds if the lower
> level driver uses milliseconds, and seconds if the lower level driver
> uses seconds.  The watchdog cores do the conversions as necessary.
> All the UAPIs do conversion, they work unchanged.
> 
> That's really the only way you can do this without changing all the low
> level drivers, since they often reference the timeout field.
> 

I disagree. The above is only necessary because wdd->timeout is still used
and in seconds. As result the code is littered with runtime conversions,
instead of a single conversion when the set_timeout() function call
to the driver returns.

Maybe the code is just just too messy. We may have to find a better
solution. Maybe we will need a Coccinelle script which changes all drivers
in one go, or maybe we will need separate callback and ops functions.
As it is, it looks just too messy to me.

Guenter

> -corey
> 
>>
>> Guenter
>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Corey Minyard <cminyard@mvista.com>
>>> ---
>>>  drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c | 30 +++++++++++++-------
>>>  drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c  | 47 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
>>>  include/linux/watchdog.h         | 29 +++++++++++++++-----
>>>  include/uapi/linux/watchdog.h    |  1 +
>>>  4 files changed, 82 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c
>>> index 423844757812..b54451a9a336 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c
>>> @@ -116,17 +116,17 @@ int watchdog_init_timeout(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
>>>  {
>>>  	const char *dev_str = wdd->parent ? dev_name(wdd->parent) :
>>>  			      (const char *)wdd->info->identity;
>>> -	unsigned int t = 0;
>>>  	int ret = 0;
>>>  
>>>  	watchdog_check_min_max_timeout(wdd);
>>>  
>>>  	/* check the driver supplied value (likely a module parameter) first */
>>>  	if (timeout_parm) {
>>> -		if (!watchdog_timeout_invalid(wdd, timeout_parm)) {
>>> -			wdd->timeout = timeout_parm;
>>> -			return 0;
>>> -		}
>>> +		if (wdd->info->options & WDIOF_MSECTIMER) {
>>> +			if (!_watchdog_timeout_invalid(wdd, timeout_parm))
>>> +				goto set_timeout;
>>> +		} else if (!watchdog_timeout_invalid(wdd, timeout_parm))
>>> +			goto set_timeout;
>>>  		pr_err("%s: driver supplied timeout (%u) out of range\n",
>>>  			dev_str, timeout_parm);
>>>  		ret = -EINVAL;
>>> @@ -134,12 +134,18 @@ int watchdog_init_timeout(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
>>>  
>>>  	/* try to get the timeout_sec property */
>>>  	if (dev && dev->of_node &&
>>> -	    of_property_read_u32(dev->of_node, "timeout-sec", &t) == 0) {
>>> -		if (t && !watchdog_timeout_invalid(wdd, t)) {
>>> -			wdd->timeout = t;
>>> -			return 0;
>>> +	    of_property_read_u32(dev->of_node, "timeout-sec",
>>> +				 &timeout_parm) == 0) {
>>> +		if (timeout_parm &&
>>> +		    !watchdog_timeout_invalid(wdd, timeout_parm)) {
>>> +			if (!(wdd->info->options & WDIOF_MSECTIMER))
>>> +				/* Convert to msecs if not already so. */
>>> +				timeout_parm *= 1000;
>>> +			goto set_timeout;
>>>  		}
>>> -		pr_err("%s: DT supplied timeout (%u) out of range\n", dev_str, t);
>>> +
>>> +		pr_err("%s: DT supplied timeout (%u) out of range\n", dev_str,
>>> +		       timeout_parm);
>>>  		ret = -EINVAL;
>>>  	}
>>>  
>>> @@ -148,6 +154,10 @@ int watchdog_init_timeout(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
>>>  			wdd->timeout);
>>>  
>>>  	return ret;
>>> +
>>> +set_timeout:
>>> +	wdd->timeout = timeout_parm;
>>> +	return 0;
>>>  }
>>>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(watchdog_init_timeout);
>>>  
>>> diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c
>>> index 7e4cd34a8c20..480460b89c16 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c
>>> @@ -99,7 +99,11 @@ static inline bool watchdog_need_worker(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
>>>  {
>>>  	/* All variables in milli-seconds */
>>>  	unsigned int hm = wdd->max_hw_heartbeat_ms;
>>> -	unsigned int t = wdd->timeout * 1000;
>>> +	unsigned int t = wdd->timeout;
>>> +
>>> +	if (!(wdd->info->options & WDIOF_MSECTIMER))
>>> +		/* Convert to msecs if not already so. */
>>> +		t *= 1000;
>>>  
>>>  	/*
>>>  	 * A worker to generate heartbeat requests is needed if all of the
>>> @@ -121,12 +125,16 @@ static inline bool watchdog_need_worker(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
>>>  static ktime_t watchdog_next_keepalive(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
>>>  {
>>>  	struct watchdog_core_data *wd_data = wdd->wd_data;
>>> -	unsigned int timeout_ms = wdd->timeout * 1000;
>>> +	unsigned int timeout_ms = wdd->timeout;
>>>  	ktime_t keepalive_interval;
>>>  	ktime_t last_heartbeat, latest_heartbeat;
>>>  	ktime_t virt_timeout;
>>>  	unsigned int hw_heartbeat_ms;
>>>  
>>> +	if (!(wdd->info->options & WDIOF_MSECTIMER))
>>> +		/* Convert to msecs if not already so. */
>>> +		timeout_ms *= 1000;
>>> +
>>>  	if (watchdog_active(wdd))
>>>  		virt_timeout = ktime_add(wd_data->last_keepalive,
>>>  					 ms_to_ktime(timeout_ms));
>>> @@ -137,7 +145,7 @@ static ktime_t watchdog_next_keepalive(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
>>>  	keepalive_interval = ms_to_ktime(hw_heartbeat_ms / 2);
>>>  
>>>  	/*
>>> -	 * To ensure that the watchdog times out wdd->timeout seconds
>>> +	 * To ensure that the watchdog times out wdd->timeout seconds/msecs
>>>  	 * after the most recent ping from userspace, the last
>>>  	 * worker ping has to come in hw_heartbeat_ms before this timeout.
>>>  	 */
>>> @@ -382,6 +390,8 @@ static int watchdog_set_timeout(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
>>>  	if (watchdog_timeout_invalid(wdd, timeout))
>>>  		return -EINVAL;
>>>  
>>> +	if (wdd->info->options & WDIOF_MSECTIMER)
>>> +		timeout *= 1000;
>>>  	if (wdd->ops->set_timeout) {
>>>  		err = wdd->ops->set_timeout(wdd, timeout);
>>>  	} else {
>>> @@ -413,6 +423,8 @@ static int watchdog_set_pretimeout(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
>>>  	if (watchdog_pretimeout_invalid(wdd, timeout))
>>>  		return -EINVAL;
>>>  
>>> +	if (wdd->info->options & WDIOF_MSECTIMER)
>>> +		timeout *= 1000;
>>>  	if (wdd->ops->set_pretimeout)
>>>  		err = wdd->ops->set_pretimeout(wdd, timeout);
>>>  	else
>>> @@ -440,6 +452,8 @@ static int watchdog_get_timeleft(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
>>>  		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>>>  
>>>  	*timeleft = wdd->ops->get_timeleft(wdd);
>>> +	if (wdd->info->options & WDIOF_MSECTIMER)
>>> +		*timeleft /= 1000;
>>>  
>>>  	return 0;
>>>  }
>>> @@ -508,8 +522,11 @@ static ssize_t timeleft_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
>>>  	mutex_lock(&wd_data->lock);
>>>  	status = watchdog_get_timeleft(wdd, &val);
>>>  	mutex_unlock(&wd_data->lock);
>>> -	if (!status)
>>> +	if (!status) {
>>> +		if (wdd->info->options & WDIOF_MSECTIMER)
>>> +			val /= 1000;
>>>  		status = sprintf(buf, "%u\n", val);
>>> +	}
>>>  
>>>  	return status;
>>>  }
>>> @@ -519,8 +536,12 @@ static ssize_t timeout_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
>>>  				char *buf)
>>>  {
>>>  	struct watchdog_device *wdd = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
>>> +	unsigned int t = wdd->timeout;
>>> +
>>> +	if (wdd->info->options & WDIOF_MSECTIMER)
>>> +		t /= 1000;
>>>  
>>> -	return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", wdd->timeout);
>>> +	return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", t);
>>>  }
>>>  static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(timeout);
>>>  
>>> @@ -528,8 +549,12 @@ static ssize_t pretimeout_show(struct device *dev,
>>>  			       struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
>>>  {
>>>  	struct watchdog_device *wdd = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
>>> +	unsigned int t = wdd->pretimeout;
>>>  
>>> -	return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", wdd->pretimeout);
>>> +	if (wdd->info->options & WDIOF_MSECTIMER)
>>> +		t /= 1000;
>>> +
>>> +	return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", t);
>>>  }
>>>  static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(pretimeout);
>>>  
>>> @@ -783,7 +808,10 @@ static long watchdog_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
>>>  			err = -EOPNOTSUPP;
>>>  			break;
>>>  		}
>>> -		err = put_user(wdd->timeout, p);
>>> +		val = wdd->timeout;
>>> +		if (wdd->info->options & WDIOF_MSECTIMER)
>>> +			val /= 1000;
>>> +		err = put_user(val, p);
>>>  		break;
>>>  	case WDIOC_GETTIMELEFT:
>>>  		err = watchdog_get_timeleft(wdd, &val);
>>> @@ -799,7 +827,10 @@ static long watchdog_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
>>>  		err = watchdog_set_pretimeout(wdd, val);
>>>  		break;
>>>  	case WDIOC_GETPRETIMEOUT:
>>> -		err = put_user(wdd->pretimeout, p);
>>> +		val = wdd->pretimeout;
>>> +		if (wdd->info->options & WDIOF_MSECTIMER)
>>> +			val /= 1000;
>>> +		err = put_user(val, p);
>>>  		break;
>>>  	default:
>>>  		err = -ENOTTY;
>>> diff --git a/include/linux/watchdog.h b/include/linux/watchdog.h
>>> index 1464ce6ffa31..49bfaf986b37 100644
>>> --- a/include/linux/watchdog.h
>>> +++ b/include/linux/watchdog.h
>>> @@ -55,7 +55,9 @@ struct watchdog_ops {
>>>  	long (*ioctl)(struct watchdog_device *, unsigned int, unsigned long);
>>>  };
>>>  
>>> -/** struct watchdog_device - The structure that defines a watchdog device
>>> +/** struct watchdog_device - The structure that defines a watchdog device.
>>> + * Unless otherwise specified, all timeouts are in seconds unless
>>> + * WDIOF_MSECTIMER is set, then they are in milliseconds.
>>>   *
>>>   * @id:		The watchdog's ID. (Allocated by watchdog_register_device)
>>>   * @parent:	The parent bus device
>>> @@ -65,10 +67,10 @@ struct watchdog_ops {
>>>   * @ops:	Pointer to the list of watchdog operations.
>>>   * @gov:	Pointer to watchdog pretimeout governor.
>>>   * @bootstatus:	Status of the watchdog device at boot.
>>> - * @timeout:	The watchdog devices timeout value (in seconds).
>>> + * @timeout:	The watchdog devices timeout value.
>>>   * @pretimeout: The watchdog devices pre_timeout value.
>>> - * @min_timeout:The watchdog devices minimum timeout value (in seconds).
>>> - * @max_timeout:The watchdog devices maximum timeout value (in seconds)
>>> + * @min_timeout:The watchdog devices minimum timeout value.
>>> + * @max_timeout:The watchdog devices maximum timeout value
>>>   *		as configurable from user space. Only relevant if
>>>   *		max_hw_heartbeat_ms is not provided.
>>>   * @min_hw_heartbeat_ms:
>>> @@ -156,6 +158,17 @@ static inline void watchdog_stop_on_unregister(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
>>>  	set_bit(WDOG_STOP_ON_UNREGISTER, &wdd->status);
>>>  }
>>>  
>>> +/*
>>> + * Use the following function to check if a timeout value is
>>> + * internally consistent with the range parameters.  t is in milliseconds.
>>> + */
>>> +static inline bool _watchdog_timeout_invalid(struct watchdog_device *wdd, unsigned int t)
>>> +{
>>> +	return  t < wdd->min_timeout ||
>>> +		(!wdd->max_hw_heartbeat_ms && wdd->max_timeout &&
>>> +		 t > wdd->max_timeout);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>>  /* Use the following function to check if a timeout value is invalid */
>>>  static inline bool watchdog_timeout_invalid(struct watchdog_device *wdd, unsigned int t)
>>>  {
>>> @@ -170,9 +183,11 @@ static inline bool watchdog_timeout_invalid(struct watchdog_device *wdd, unsigne
>>>  	 *   is configured, and the requested value is larger than the
>>>  	 *   configured maximum timeout.
>>>  	 */
>>> -	return t > UINT_MAX / 1000 || t < wdd->min_timeout ||
>>> -		(!wdd->max_hw_heartbeat_ms && wdd->max_timeout &&
>>> -		 t > wdd->max_timeout);
>>> +	if (t > UINT_MAX / 1000)
>>> +		return true;
>>> +	if (wdd->info->options & WDIOF_MSECTIMER)
>>> +		t *= 1000;
>>> +	return _watchdog_timeout_invalid(wdd, t);
>>>  }
>>>  
>>>  /* Use the following function to check if a pretimeout value is invalid */
>>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/watchdog.h b/include/uapi/linux/watchdog.h
>>> index b15cde5c9054..feb3bcc46993 100644
>>> --- a/include/uapi/linux/watchdog.h
>>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/watchdog.h
>>> @@ -48,6 +48,7 @@ struct watchdog_info {
>>>  #define	WDIOF_PRETIMEOUT	0x0200  /* Pretimeout (in seconds), get/set */
>>>  #define	WDIOF_ALARMONLY		0x0400	/* Watchdog triggers a management or
>>>  					   other external alarm not a reboot */
>>> +#define	WDIOF_MSECTIMER		0x0800	/* Driver can use milliseconds for timeouts */
>>>  #define	WDIOF_KEEPALIVEPING	0x8000	/* Keep alive ping reply */
>>>  
>>>  #define	WDIOS_DISABLECARD	0x0001	/* Turn off the watchdog timer */
>>>
>>


  reply index

Thread overview: 12+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-06-20 17:33 [PATCH 0/6] watchdog: Add millisecond-level capabilities minyard
2020-06-20 17:33 ` [PATCH 1/6] watchdog: Allow a driver to use milliseconds instead of seconds minyard
2020-06-26 23:10   ` Guenter Roeck
2020-06-27  2:18     ` Corey Minyard
2020-06-27  4:08       ` Guenter Roeck [this message]
2020-06-28 14:54   ` Guenter Roeck
2020-06-28 17:56     ` Corey Minyard
2020-06-20 17:33 ` [PATCH 2/6] watchdog: Add ioctls for millisecond timeout handling minyard
2020-06-20 17:33 ` [PATCH 3/6] watchdog: Add millisecond precision device attributes minyard
2020-06-20 17:33 ` [PATCH 4/6] watchdog: Add documentation for millisecond interfaces minyard
2020-06-20 17:33 ` [PATCH 5/6] watchdog:i6300: Convert to a millisecond watchdog device minyard
2020-06-20 17:33 ` [PATCH 6/6] watchdog:softdog: Convert to a millisecond watchdog minyard

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