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From: Sam Shih <sam.shih@mediatek.com>
To: Chen-Yu Tsai <wenst@chromium.org>
Cc: Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>,
	Sean Wang <sean.wang@kernel.org>,
	Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>,
	Matthias Brugger <matthias.bgg@gmail.com>,
	Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>,
	Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Wim Van Sebroeck <wim@linux-watchdog.org>,
	Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>,
	Michael Turquette <mturquette@baylibre.com>,
	Stephen Boyd <sboyd@kernel.org>,
	Hsin-Yi Wang <hsinyi@chromium.org>,
	Enric Balletbo i Serra <enric.balletbo@collabora.com>,
	Fabien Parent <fparent@baylibre.com>,
	"Seiya Wang" <seiya.wang@mediatek.com>,
	Devicetree List <devicetree@vger.kernel.org>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"moderated list:ARM/Mediatek SoC support" 
	<linux-mediatek@lists.infradead.org>,
	<linux-gpio@vger.kernel.org>,
	"moderated list:ARM/FREESCALE IMX / MXC ARM ARCHITECTURE" 
	<linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org>,
	<linux-crypto@vger.kernel.org>, <linux-serial@vger.kernel.org>,
	<linux-watchdog@vger.kernel.org>, <linux-clk@vger.kernel.org>,
	John Crispin <john@phrozen.org>,
	Ryder Lee <Ryder.Lee@mediatek.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 01/12] dt-bindings: clock: mediatek: document clk bindings for mediatek mt7986 SoC
Date: Fri, 13 Aug 2021 14:40:43 +0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <f91c94440879c9755dc2b85d891766a82f1e6cb5.camel@mediatek.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAGXv+5GxXRqJqZURagNc4z=am0jhqP05eq0i64+kf457yfRoAw@mail.gmail.com>

On Fri, 2021-08-13 at 14:15 +0800, Chen-Yu Tsai wrote:
> On Fri, Aug 13, 2021 at 1:22 PM Sam Shih <sam.shih@mediatek.com>
> wrote:
> > 
> > Hi,
> > 
> > Sorry for the late reply,I have prepared v2 patches, but for some
> > of your suggestions, I think
> > it is a bit difficult to apply to our drivers.
> > 
> > 
> > On Fri, 2021-07-30 at 14:30 +0800, Chen-Yu Tsai wrote:
> > > On Fri, Jul 30, 2021 at 2:01 PM Sam Shih <sam.shih@mediatek.com>
> > > wrote:
> > > > 
> > > > Hi,
> > > > 
> > > > On Mon, 2021-07-26 at 17:20 +0800, Chen-Yu Tsai wrote:
> > > > > Furthermore, based on the driver patch and the fact that they
> > > > > share
> > > > > the
> > > > > same compatible string, it seems you shouldn't need to have
> > > > > two
> > > > > compatible
> > > > > strings for two identical hardware blocks. The need for
> > > > > separate
> > > > > entries
> > > > > to have different clock names is an implementation detail.
> > > > > Please
> > > > > consider
> > > > > using and supporting clock-output-names.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Also, please check out the MT8195 clock driver series [1].
> > > > > I'm
> > > > > guessing
> > > > > a lot of the comments apply to this one as well.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Regards
> > > > > ChenYu
> > > > > 
> > > > > [1]
> > > > > 
> > 
> > 
https://urldefense.com/v3/__https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mediatek/20210616224743.5109-1-chun-jie.chen@mediatek.com/T/*t__;Iw!!CTRNKA9wMg0ARbw!29pb4TJiGHLvLbYJgDB2Dhf8Mpw5VU8zV-W3NrMan_RPQrtWT2EdRTyyjWpu0nZE$
> > > > > 
> > > > > 
> > > > 
> > > > I have organized your comments in "Mediatek MT8195 clock
> > > > support"
> > > > series into the following list, reply to your here:
> > > > 
> > > > > dt-binding: Move the not-to-be-exposed clock to driver
> > > > > directory
> > > > > or
> > > > > simply left out
> > > > 
> > > > Okay, thanks for your comment, I will update this in the next
> > > > patch
> > > > set
> > > 
> > > See the following file for an example:
> > > 
> > > 
> > > 
https://urldefense.com/v3/__https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/latest/source/drivers/clk/sunxi-ng/ccu-sun50i-a64.h__;!!CTRNKA9wMg0ARbw!3--UEpFFGeZ_WTCaWsj_9vbbb4SSE1vPCILFleThzpa1nq7mveFfQMDqbacdT5I6$
> > > 
> > > drivers would not be able to use the non-exported intermediate
> > > clocks.
> > > 
> > 
> > Thanks, I well delete some clocks that are not expected to be use
> > in
> > device tree.
> > 
> > > > > describe some of the clock relations between the various
> > > > > clock
> > > > > controllers
> > > > 
> > > > I have checked the files in
> > > > "Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/mediatek", It seems that
> > > > all
> > > > MediaTek SoC clocks are simply described by each controller,
> > > > like
> > > > "mediatek,infracfg.txt" and "mediatek,topckgen.txt", and those
> > > > document
> > > > only include compatible strings information and examples.
> > > > Can we insert the clock relationship of MT7986 directlly in
> > > > common
> > > > documents?
> > > 
> > > What I meant was that since each clock controller hardware block
> > > has
> > > one or many clock inputs, these should be described in the
> > > binding
> > > as required "clocks" and "clock-names" properties.
> > > 
> > > So it's not about describing the actual relationship or clock
> > > tree,
> > > but just having the inputs accurately described.
> > > 
> > > > Or we should add a new "mediatek,mt7986-clock.yaml" and move
> > > > compatible
> > > > strings information and example to this file, and insert clock
> > > > relationship descriptions to this file? Wouldn’t it be strange
> > > > to
> > > > skip
> > > > existing files and create a new one?
> > > 
> > > I think that is a question for the device tree binding
> > > maintainer,
> > > Rob.
> > > At least for Mediatek stuff, there seem to be many separate
> > > files.
> > > 
> > > > > external oscillator's case, the oscillator is described in
> > > > > the
> > > > > device
> > > > > tree
> > > > 
> > > > Yes, we have "clkxtal" in the DT, which stands for external
> > > > oscillator,
> > > > All clocks in apmixedsys use "clkxtal" as the parent clock
> > > 
> > > So for the apmixedsys device node, it would at least have
> > > something
> > > like:
> > > 
> > >     clocks = <&clkxtal>;
> > >     clock-names = "xtal";
> > > 
> > > For topckgen, since it has xtal and some PLLs from apmixedsys as
> > > inputs:
> > > 
> > >     clocks = <&clkxtal>, <&apmixedsys CLK_ID_PLLXXX>,
> > > <&apmixedsys
> > > CLK_ID_PLLYYY>;
> > >     clock-names = "xtal", "pllXXX", "pllYYY"
> > > 
> > > The above is just an example. You should adapt it to fit your
> > > hardware
> > > description. And the bindings should describe what is required.
> > > Note
> > > that the clock names used here are local to this device node.
> > > They do
> > > not need to match what the clock driver uses for the global name.
> > > So
> > > just go with something descriptive.
> > > 
> > > The point is, cross hardware block dependencies should be clearly
> > > described
> > > in the device tree, instead of implicitly buried in the clock
> > > drivers.
> > > 
> > 
> > Make cross hardware block dependencies clearly described in the
> > device
> > tree seems unsuitable between "topck" and "infra" block of mt7986.
> > 
> > In your example, passing "clkxtal" from the device tree seems ok.
> > Even
> > for topckgen, passing "clkxtal", "pllXXX", "pllYYY" from the device
> > tree and using these clocks as the parent clock of topckgen also
> > seems
> > to work. It is feasible because it is not much clock between these
> > two
> > hardware blocks.
> > 
> > But for the clock releationship between "topckg" and "infra", they
> > are
> > very complicated in hardware design. There are dozens of clocks and
> > interact with each other. If we want to describe these
> > relationships in
> > the device tree, we need to use a big array inside the device tree
> > and
> > make device tree looks very messy. Therefore, our previous method
> > of
> > writing a clock driver is to use the global clock and descripbe the
> > clock releationship inside the clock driver.
> > 
> >                ______   ________    ________
> >     clkxtal --|      |  |       |.x.|       |
> >               |apmix.|--| topck |.x.| infra |
> >               |      |--|       |.x.|_______|
> >               |      |  |       |   ________
> >               |______|  |       |--|        |
> >                         |       |--| ethsys |
> >                         |_______|  |________|
> > 
> > Maybe we should keep the clock relationship in our clock driver
> > like
> > the previous mediatek clock drivers.
> 
> Are you saying that some clocks in topck have inputs from infra?
> If so, then that's a nasty circular dependency to deal with.
> 
Sorry I didn't express it very clearly, I mean that there are many
clock connections between "ckgen" and "infra" (unlike apmixedsys and
ckgen). Although most of the clocks in "infra" is derived from "ckgen".
But if we want to use the device tree, we will need to pass dozens of
clocks.

> And to be fair, many Mediatek device tree bindings already take a
> large
> number of clocks, so I think adding a few more isn't too bad.
> 
It will become something like:

clocks = <&topckgen CLK_TOP_NFI1X>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_USB_EQ_RX250M>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_USB_TX250M>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_USB_LN0_CK>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_USB_CDR_CK>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_SPINFI_BCK>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_I2C_BCK>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_PEXTP_TL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_EMMC_250M>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_EMMC_416M>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_F_26M_ADC_CK>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_SYSAXI>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_NETSYS_WED_MCU>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_NETSYS_2X>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_SGM_325M>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_A1SYS>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_EIP_B>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_F26M>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_AUD_L>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_A_TUNER>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_U2U3_REF>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_U2U3_SYS>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_U2U3_XHCI>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_AP2CNN_HOST>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_NFI1X_SEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_SPINFI_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_SPI_SEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_SPIM_MST_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_UART_SEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_PWM_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_I2C_SEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_PEXTP_TL_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_EMMC_250M_SEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_EMMC_416M_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_F_26M_ADC_SEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_DRAMC_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_DRAMC_MD32_SEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_SYSAXI_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_SYSAPB_SEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_ARM_DB_MAIN_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_ARM_DB_JTSEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_NETSYS_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_NETSYS_500M_SEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_NETSYS_MCU_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_NETSYS_2X_SEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_SGM_325M_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_SGM_REG_SEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_A1SYS_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_CONN_MCUSYS_SEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_EIP_B_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_PCIE_PHY_SEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_USB3_PHY_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_F26M_SEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_AUD_L_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_A_TUNER_SEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_U2U3_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_U2U3_SYS_SEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_U2U3_XHCI_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_DA_U2_REFSEL>,<&topckgen
CLK_TOP_DA_U2_CK_1P_SEL>,<&topckgen CLK_TOP_AP2CNN_HOST_SEL>;

I don't think this is okay in device tree...


> > > > > Dual license please (and the dts files).
> > > > 
> > > > Okay, thanks for your comment, I will update this in the next
> > > > patch
> > > > set
> > > > 
> > > > > Why are this and other 1:1 factor clks needed? They look like
> > > > > placeholders. Please remove them.
> > > > 
> > > > Okay, thanks for your comment, I will update this in the next
> > > > patch
> > > > set
> > > 
> > > Ideally the clock driver would use the device tree to get local
> > > references
> > > for this, but that is going to require some rework to Mediatek's
> > > common
> > > clock code.
> > > 
> > 
> > To transfer the clock relationship through the device tree, it is
> > necessary to make modifications to the common part of the mtk clock
> > driver that has been merged, and may also modify other mediatek
> > clock
> > drivers.
> > 
> > Let's move to the source code:
> > 
> > apmixedsys {
> >     ...
> > }
> > 
> > topckgen {
> >     ...
> >     clocks = ... , <&apmixedsys NET2PLL> , ... ;
> >     clock-names = ... , "net2pll" , ... ;
> > }
> > 
> > char *parent_name;
> >     for each clk in <device_tree_node>:
> >         parent_name = __clk_get_name(of_clk_get(np, i))
> > 
> > (armada-37xx-tbg.c use this method to get global name of parent
> > clock)
> > 
> > Ideally, we should use the parent_name variable above to create a
> > clock, But mtk_fixed_factor expects input const strings
> > 
> > void mtk_clk_register_factors(const struct mtk_fixed_factor *clks,
> > ...)
> > 
> > struct mtk_fixed_factor {
> >     ...
> >     const char *name;
> >     const char *parent;
> >     ...
> > };
> > 
> > So we still need to use pre-defined clock name in static const
> > clock
> > table even we can get clock name as variable from device tree.
> > 
> > 
> > static const struct mtk_fixed_factor top_divs[] __initconst = {
> >     ...
> >     FACTOR(CK_TOP_NET2_D4_D2, "net2_d4_d2", "net2pll", 1, 8),
> >     FACTOR(CK_TOP_NET2_D3_D2, "net2_d3_d2", "net2pll", 1, 2),
> >     ...
> > }
> 
> Right. I'm not asking you to do this right away. This will end up
> being
> a long migration over multiple releases. But it makes sense to get
> the
> device tree bindings sorted out first.
> 
> I believe the solution is to move to `struct clk_parent_data` to
> replace
> the pure strings. New internal APIs for the Mediatek clock driver
> would
> need to be added, and all the drivers slowly migrated over. Probably
> also
> a good time to migrate to clk_hw_*_register.
> 
> 
> ChenYu
> 
> 
> 
> 
> > > > > Merge duplicate parent instances
> > > > 
> > > > We have considered this in the MT7986 basic clock driver, but I
> > > > will
> > > > check again. If corrections are needed, I will make changes in
> > > > the
> > > > next
> > > > patch set.
> > > > 
> > > > > Leaking clk_data if some function return fail
> > > > 
> > > > Okay, thanks for your comment, I will update this in the next
> > > > patch
> > > > set
> > > > 
> > > > > This file contains four drivers. They do not have depend on
> > > > > each
> > > > > other, and do not need to be in the same file. Please split
> > > > > them
> > > > > into
> > > > > differen files and preferably different patches
> > > > 
> > > > Okay, thanks for your comment, I will separate those clock
> > > > drivers
> > > > in
> > > > the next patch set
> > > > 
> > > > > Is there any particular reason for arch_initcall
> > > > 
> > > > We have considered this in MT7986 basic clock driver, and use
> > > > CLK_OF_DECLARE instead of arch_initcall.
> > > 
> > > Having to sequence clock registration manually is likely a
> > > symptom of
> > > inadequate clock dependency handling. So if the drivers are only
> > > using
> > > global clock names to describe parents, what happens is that even
> > > if
> > > the parent isn't in the system yet, the registration is allowed
> > > to
> > > succeed. However since the parent clock isn't available yet, any
> > > calculations involving it, such as calculating clock rates, will
> > > yield invalid results, such as 0 clock rate.
> > > 
> > > > Another question:
> > > > Should the clock patches in "Add basic SoC support for MediaTek
> > > > mt7986"
> > > > need to be separated into another patch series, such as MT8195
> > > > "Mediatek MT8195 clock support" ?
> > > 
> > > Nope. The MT8195 team seems to be splitting things up by module,
> > > with
> > > the device tree being its own separate module. Ideally you want
> > > to
> > > send
> > > drivers along with the related device tree changes, so people
> > > reviewing
> > > can get a sense of how things work. And if the hardware is
> > > publicly
> > > available, people can actually test the changes. We can't do that
> > > if
> > > the
> > > device tree changes aren't bundled together.
> > > 
> > 
> > OK, I will keep clock patches and basic part patches in the same
> > series
> > (patches v2)
> > 


Regards,
Sam

> > Thanks, I will delete some clocks that are not expected to b

  reply	other threads:[~2021-08-13  6:40 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 26+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-26  7:14 [PATCH 00/12] Add basic SoC support for mediatek mt7986 Sam Shih
2021-07-26  7:14 ` [PATCH 01/12] dt-bindings: clock: mediatek: document clk bindings for mediatek mt7986 SoC Sam Shih
2021-07-26  9:20   ` Chen-Yu Tsai
2021-07-30  6:01     ` Sam Shih
2021-07-30  6:30       ` Chen-Yu Tsai
2021-08-13  5:22         ` Sam Shih
2021-08-13  6:15           ` Chen-Yu Tsai
2021-08-13  6:40             ` Sam Shih [this message]
2021-07-26  7:14 ` [PATCH 02/12] clk: mediatek: add mt7986 clock IDs Sam Shih
2021-07-29 22:48   ` Rob Herring
2021-07-26  7:14 ` [PATCH 03/12] clk: mediatek: add mt7986 clock support Sam Shih
2021-07-26  7:14 ` [PATCH 04/12] pinctrl: mediatek: moore: use pin number in mtk_pin_desc instead of array index Sam Shih
2021-07-28 18:26   ` Sean Wang
2021-07-26  7:14 ` [PATCH 05/12] dt-bindings: pinctrl: update bindings for MT7986 SoC Sam Shih
2021-07-29 22:51   ` Rob Herring
2021-07-26  7:14 ` [PATCH 06/12] pinctrl: mediatek: add support " Sam Shih
2021-07-26  7:14 ` [PATCH 07/12] dt-bindings: arm64: dts: mediatek: Add mt7986 series Sam Shih
2021-07-29 22:51   ` Rob Herring
2021-07-26  7:14 ` [PATCH 08/12] dt-bindings: rng: mediatek: add mt7986 to mtk rng binding Sam Shih
2021-07-29 22:53   ` Rob Herring
2021-07-26  7:14 ` [PATCH 09/12] dt-bindings: serial: Add compatible for Mediatek MT7986 Sam Shih
2021-07-26  7:14 ` [PATCH 10/12] dt-bindings: watchdog: " Sam Shih
2021-07-29 22:53   ` Rob Herring
2021-08-01 20:48   ` Guenter Roeck
2021-07-26  7:14 ` [PATCH 11/12] arm64: dts: mediatek: add mt7986a support Sam Shih
2021-07-26  7:14 ` [PATCH 12/12] arm64: dts: mediatek: add mt7986b support Sam Shih

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