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From: Ming Lei <ming.lei@redhat.com>
To: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
Cc: linux-block@vger.kernel.org, linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-xfs@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>,
	Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com>,
	Eric Sandeen <sandeen@redhat.com>, Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>,
	Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>, Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>, Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Subject: Re: single aio thread is migrated crazily by scheduler
Date: Fri, 15 Nov 2019 15:08:43 +0800
Message-ID: <20191115070843.GA24246@ming.t460p> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20191115045634.GN4614@dread.disaster.area>

On Fri, Nov 15, 2019 at 03:56:34PM +1100, Dave Chinner wrote:
> On Fri, Nov 15, 2019 at 09:08:24AM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
> > Hi Dave,
> > 
> > On Fri, Nov 15, 2019 at 10:54:15AM +1100, Dave Chinner wrote:
> > > On Thu, Nov 14, 2019 at 07:31:53PM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
> > > > Hi Guys,
> > > > 
> > > > It is found that single AIO thread is migrated crazely by scheduler, and
> > > > the migrate period can be < 10ms. Follows the test a):
> > > > 
> > > > 	- run single job fio[1] for 30 seconds:
> > > > 	./xfs_complete 512
> > > > 	
> > > > 	- observe fio io thread migration via bcc trace[2], and the migration
> > > > 	times can reach 5k ~ 10K in above test. In this test, CPU utilization
> > > > 	is 30~40% on the CPU running fio IO thread.
> > > 
> > > Using the default scheduler tunings:
> > > 
> > > kernel.sched_wakeup_granularity_ns = 4000000
> > > kernel.sched_min_granularity_ns = 3000000
> > > 
> > > I'm not seeing any migrations at all on a 16p x86-64 box. Even with
> > > the tunings you suggest:
> > > 
> > > 	sysctl kernel.sched_min_granularity_ns=10000000
> > > 	sysctl kernel.sched_wakeup_granularity_ns=15000000
> > > 
> > > There are no migrations at all.
> > 
> > Looks I forget to pass $BS to the fio command line in the script posted,
> > please try the following script again and run './xfs_complete 512' first.
> 
> So I ran 4kB IOs instead of 512 byte IOs. Shouldn't make any
> difference, really - it'll still be CPU bound...

In 512 block size test, the CPU utilization of fio IO thread is reduced to
40%, which is more like IO bound.

> 
> <snip script>
> 
> > In my test just done, the migration count is 12K in 30s fio running.
> > Sometimes the number can be quite less, but most of times, the number
> > is very big(> 5k).
> 
> With my iomap-dio-overwrite patch and 512 byte IOs:
> 
> $ sudo trace-cmd show |grep sched_migrate_task |wc -l
> 112
> $ sudo trace-cmd show |grep sched_migrate_task |grep fio |wc -l
> 22
> 
> Without the iomap-dio-overwrite patch:
> 
> $ sudo trace-cmd show |grep sched_migrate_task |wc -l
> 99
> $ sudo trace-cmd show |grep sched_migrate_task |grep fio |wc -l
> 9
> $
> 
> There are -less- migrations when using the workqueue for everything.
> But it's so low in either case that it's just noise.
> 
> Performance is identical for the two patches...

I can reproduce the issue with 4k block size on another RH system, and
the login info of that system has been shared to you in RH BZ.

1)
sysctl kernel.sched_min_granularity_ns=10000000
sysctl kernel.sched_wakeup_granularity_ns=15000000

2)
./xfs_complete 4k

Then you should see 1k~1.5k fio io thread migration in above test,
either v5.4-rc7(build with rhel8 config) or RHEL 4.18 kernel.

Not reproduced the issue with 512 block size on the RH system yet,
maybe it is related with my kernel config.

> 
> > > > BTW, the tests are run on latest linus tree(5.4-rc7) in KVM guest, and the
> > > > fio test is created for simulating one real performance report which is
> > > > proved to be caused by frequent aio submission thread migration.
> > > 
> > > What is the underlying hardware? I'm running in a 16p KVM guest on a
> > > 16p/32t x86-64 using 5.4-rc7, and I don't observe any significant
> > > CPU migration occurring at all from your test workload.
> > 
> > It is a KVM guest, which is running on my Lenova T460p Fedora 29 laptop,
> > and the host kernel is 5.2.18-100.fc29.x86_64, follows the guest info:
> 
> Ok, so what are all the custom distro kernel tunings that userspace
> does for the kernel?

It is standard Fedora 29.

> 
> > [root@ktest-01 ~]# lscpu
> > Architecture:        x86_64
> > CPU op-mode(s):      32-bit, 64-bit
> > Byte Order:          Little Endian
> > CPU(s):              8
> > On-line CPU(s) list: 0-7
> > Thread(s) per core:  1
> > Core(s) per socket:  4
> > Socket(s):           2
> > NUMA node(s):        2
> 
> Curious. You've configured it as two CPU sockets. If you make it a
> single socket, do your delay problems go away?  The snippet of trace
> output you showed indicated it bouncing around CPUs on a single node
> (cpus 0-3), so maybe it has something to do with way the scheduler
> is interacting with non-zero NUMA distances...

I don't see that is a problem wrt. this issue, given the issue can
be reproduced on other system too.

> 
> > Vendor ID:           GenuineIntel
> > CPU family:          6
> > Model:               94
> > Model name:          Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-6820HQ CPU @ 2.70GHz
> > Stepping:            3
> > CPU MHz:             2712.000
> > BogoMIPS:            5424.00
> > Virtualization:      VT-x
> > Hypervisor vendor:   KVM
> > Virtualization type: full
> > L1d cache:           32K
> > L1i cache:           32K
> > L2 cache:            4096K
> > L3 cache:            16384K
> > NUMA node0 CPU(s):   0-3
> > NUMA node1 CPU(s):   4-7
> > Flags:               fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush mmxp
> 
> That seems like a very minimal set of CPU flags - looks like you are
> not actually passing the actual host CPU capabilities through to the
> guest. That means it will be doing the slowest, most generic
> spectre/meltdown mitigations, right?

The above line is just trunated by the console terminal.

> 
> Also, shouldn't lscpu be telling us all the CPU bug mitigations in
> place?
> 
> From my test system:
> 
> Architecture:                    x86_64
> CPU op-mode(s):                  32-bit, 64-bit
> Byte Order:                      Little Endian
> Address sizes:                   40 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
> CPU(s):                          16
> On-line CPU(s) list:             0-15
> Thread(s) per core:              1
> Core(s) per socket:              1
> Socket(s):                       16
> NUMA node(s):                    1
> Vendor ID:                       GenuineIntel
> CPU family:                      6
> Model:                           45
> Model name:                      Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-4620 0 @ 2.20GHz
> Stepping:                        7
> CPU MHz:                         2199.998
> BogoMIPS:                        4399.99
> Virtualization:                  VT-x
> Hypervisor vendor:               KVM
> Virtualization type:             full
> L1d cache:                       512 KiB
> L1i cache:                       512 KiB
> L2 cache:                        64 MiB
> L3 cache:                        256 MiB
> NUMA node0 CPU(s):               0-15
> Vulnerability L1tf:              Mitigation; PTE Inversion; VMX flush not necessary, SMT disabled
> Vulnerability Mds:               Mitigation; Clear CPU buffers; SMT Host state unknown
> Vulnerability Meltdown:          Vulnerable
> Vulnerability Spec store bypass: Mitigation; Speculative Store Bypass disabled via prctl and seccomp
> Vulnerability Spectre v1:        Mitigation; usercopy/swapgs barriers and __user pointer sanitization
> Vulnerability Spectre v2:        Vulnerable, IBPB: disabled, STIBP: disabled
> Flags:                           fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss syscall nx pdpe1gb rdtscp l
>                                  m constant_tsc arch_perfmon rep_good nopl xtopology cpuid tsc_known_freq pni pclmulqdq vmx ssse3 cx16 pcid sse4_1 sse4_2 x2apic 
>                                  popcnt tsc_deadline_timer aes xsave avx hypervisor lahf_lm cpuid_fault ssbd ibrs ibpb stibp tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpi
>                                  d tsc_adjust xsaveopt arat umip md_clear arch_capabilities
> 
> So, to rule out that it has something to do with kernel config,
> I just ran up a kernel built with your config.gz, and the problem
> does not manifest. The only difference was a few drivers I needed to
> boot my test VMs, and I was previously not using paravirt spinlocks.
> 
> So, I still can't reproduce the problem. Indeed, the workload gets
> nowhere near single CPU bound with your config - it's using half the
> CPU for the same performance:
> 
> %Cpu2  : 19.8 us, 28.2 sy,  0.0 ni,  0.0 id, 52.0 wa,  0.0 hi,  0.0 %si,  0.0 st
> 
> Basically, it's spending half it's time waiting on IO. If I wind the
> delay down to 1000ns:
> 
> %Cpu1  : 42.2 us, 42.2 sy,  0.0 ni,  0.0 id,  0.0 wa,  0.0 hi, 15.6 %si,  0.0 st
> 
> it spends an awful lot of time in soft-interrupt, but is back to
> being CPU bound.
> 
> Despite this, I still don't see any significant amount of task
> migration. In fact, I see a lot less with your kernel config that I
> do with my original kernel config, because the CPU load was far
> lower.
> 
> > Just run a quick test several times after applying the above patch, and looks it
> > does make a big difference in test './xfs_complete 512' wrt. fio io thread migration.
> 
> There's something very different about your system, and it doesn't
> appear to be a result of the kernel code itself. I think you're
> going to have to do all the testing at the moment, Ming, because
> it's clear that my test systems do not show up the problems even
> when using the same kernel config as you do...
> 
> If you reconfig you kvm setup to pass all the native host side cpu
> flags through to the guest, does the problem go away? I think adding
> "-cpu host" to your qemu command line will do that...

Please login to the RH system I shared to you, and you will see the
issue.


Thanks,
Ming


  reply index

Thread overview: 64+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-11-14 11:31 Ming Lei
2019-11-14 13:14 ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-11-15  0:09   ` Ming Lei
2019-11-15 14:16     ` Ming Lei
2019-11-14 23:54 ` Dave Chinner
2019-11-15  1:08   ` Ming Lei
2019-11-15  4:56     ` Dave Chinner
2019-11-15  7:08       ` Ming Lei [this message]
2019-11-15 23:40         ` Dave Chinner
2019-11-16  6:31           ` Ming Lei
2019-11-18  9:21           ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-11-18 14:54             ` Vincent Guittot
2019-11-18 20:40             ` Dave Chinner
2019-11-20 19:16               ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-11-20 22:03                 ` Phil Auld
2019-11-21  4:12                   ` Ming Lei
2019-11-21 14:12                     ` Phil Auld
2019-11-21 15:02                       ` Boaz Harrosh
2019-11-21 16:19                         ` Jens Axboe
2019-12-09 16:58                           ` Srikar Dronamraju
2019-11-21 22:10                       ` Dave Chinner
2019-11-21 13:29                   ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-11-21 14:21                     ` Phil Auld
2019-12-09 16:51                     ` Srikar Dronamraju
2019-12-09 23:17                       ` Dave Chinner
2019-12-10  3:27                         ` Srikar Dronamraju
2019-12-10  5:43                         ` [PATCH v2] sched/core: Preempt current task in favour of bound kthread Srikar Dronamraju
2019-12-10  9:26                           ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-12-10  9:33                             ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-12-10 10:18                               ` Srikar Dronamraju
2019-12-10 10:16                             ` Srikar Dronamraju
2019-12-10  9:43                           ` Vincent Guittot
2019-12-10 10:11                             ` Srikar Dronamraju
2019-12-10 11:02                               ` Vincent Guittot
2019-12-10 17:23                           ` [PATCH v3] " Srikar Dronamraju
2019-12-11 17:38                             ` [PATCH v4] " Srikar Dronamraju
2019-12-11 22:46                               ` Dave Chinner
2019-12-12 10:10                                 ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-12-12 10:14                                   ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-12-12 10:23                                     ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-12-12 11:20                                       ` Vincent Guittot
2019-12-12 13:12                                         ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-12-12 15:07                                   ` Srikar Dronamraju
2019-12-12 15:15                                     ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-12-13  5:32                                   ` Srikar Dronamraju
2019-11-18 16:26           ` single aio thread is migrated crazily by scheduler Srikar Dronamraju
2019-11-18 21:18             ` Dave Chinner
2019-11-19  8:54               ` Ming Lei
     [not found]         ` <20191128094003.752-1-hdanton@sina.com>
2019-11-28  9:53           ` Vincent Guittot
2019-12-02  2:46             ` Ming Lei
2019-12-02  4:02               ` Dave Chinner
2019-12-02  4:22                 ` Ming Lei
2019-12-02 13:45                 ` Vincent Guittot
2019-12-02 21:22                   ` Phil Auld
2019-12-03  9:45                     ` Vincent Guittot
2019-12-04 13:50                       ` Ming Lei
2019-12-02 23:53                   ` Dave Chinner
2019-12-03  0:18                     ` Ming Lei
2019-12-03 13:34                     ` Vincent Guittot
2019-12-02  7:39               ` Juri Lelli
2019-12-02  3:08           ` Dave Chinner
     [not found]           ` <20191202090158.15016-1-hdanton@sina.com>
2019-12-02 23:06             ` Dave Chinner
     [not found]             ` <20191203131514.5176-1-hdanton@sina.com>
2019-12-03 22:29               ` Dave Chinner
     [not found]               ` <20191204102903.896-1-hdanton@sina.com>
2019-12-04 22:59                 ` Dave Chinner

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