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From: "Darrick J. Wong" <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
To: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
Cc: linux-xfs@vger.kernel.org, hch@infradead.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/2] xfs: force writes to delalloc regions to unwritten
Date: Mon, 3 Feb 2020 12:14:45 -0800
Message-ID: <20200203201445.GA6870@magnolia> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200119204925.GC9407@dread.disaster.area>

On Mon, Jan 20, 2020 at 07:49:25AM +1100, Dave Chinner wrote:
> On Wed, Jan 15, 2020 at 10:15:50PM -0800, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> > From: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> > 
> > When writing to a delalloc region in the data fork, commit the new
> > allocations (of the da reservation) as unwritten so that the mappings
> > are only marked written once writeback completes successfully.  This
> > fixes the problem of stale data exposure if the system goes down during
> > targeted writeback of a specific region of a file, as tested by
> > generic/042.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> > ---
> >  fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_bmap.c |   28 +++++++++++++++++-----------
> >  1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
> > 
> > 
> > diff --git a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_bmap.c b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_bmap.c
> > index 4544732d09a5..220ea1dc67ab 100644
> > --- a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_bmap.c
> > +++ b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_bmap.c
> > @@ -4190,17 +4190,7 @@ xfs_bmapi_allocate(
> >  	bma->got.br_blockcount = bma->length;
> >  	bma->got.br_state = XFS_EXT_NORM;
> >  
> > -	/*
> > -	 * In the data fork, a wasdelay extent has been initialized, so
> > -	 * shouldn't be flagged as unwritten.
> > -	 *
> > -	 * For the cow fork, however, we convert delalloc reservations
> > -	 * (extents allocated for speculative preallocation) to
> > -	 * allocated unwritten extents, and only convert the unwritten
> > -	 * extents to real extents when we're about to write the data.
> > -	 */
> > -	if ((!bma->wasdel || (bma->flags & XFS_BMAPI_COWFORK)) &&
> > -	    (bma->flags & XFS_BMAPI_PREALLOC))
> > +	if (bma->flags & XFS_BMAPI_PREALLOC)
> >  		bma->got.br_state = XFS_EXT_UNWRITTEN;
> >  
> >  	if (bma->wasdel)
> > @@ -4608,8 +4598,24 @@ xfs_bmapi_convert_delalloc(
> >  	bma.offset = bma.got.br_startoff;
> >  	bma.length = max_t(xfs_filblks_t, bma.got.br_blockcount, MAXEXTLEN);
> >  	bma.minleft = xfs_bmapi_minleft(tp, ip, whichfork);
> > +
> > +	/*
> > +	 * When we're converting the delalloc reservations backing dirty pages
> > +	 * in the page cache, we must be careful about how we create the new
> > +	 * extents:
> > +	 *
> > +	 * New CoW fork extents are created unwritten, turned into real extents
> > +	 * when we're about to write the data to disk, and mapped into the data
> > +	 * fork after the write finishes.  End of story.
> > +	 *
> > +	 * New data fork extents must be mapped in as unwritten and converted
> > +	 * to real extents after the write succeeds to avoid exposing stale
> > +	 * disk contents if we crash.
> > +	 */
> >  	if (whichfork == XFS_COW_FORK)
> >  		bma.flags = XFS_BMAPI_COWFORK | XFS_BMAPI_PREALLOC;
> > +	else
> > +		bma.flags = XFS_BMAPI_PREALLOC;
> 
> 	bma.flags = XFS_BMAPI_PREALLOC;
> 	if (whichfork == XFS_COW_FORK)
> 		bma.flags |= XFS_BMAPI_COWFORK;
> 
> However, I'm still not convinced that this is the right/best
> solution to the problem. It is the easiest, yes, but the down side
> on fast/high iops storage and/or under low memory conditions has
> potential to be extremely significant.
> 
> I suspect that heavy users of buffered O_DSYNC writes into sparse
> files are going to notice this the most - there are databases out
> there that work this way. And I suspect that most of the workloads
> that use buffered O_DSYNC IO heavily won't see this change for years
> as enterprise upgrade cycles are notoriously slow.
> 
> IOWs, all I see this change doing is kicking the can down the road
> and guaranteeing that we'll still have to solve this stale data
> exposure problem more efficiently in the future. And instead of
> doing it now when we have the time and freedom to do the work, it
> will have to be done urgently under high priority escalation
> pressures...

FWIW I'm *already* under urgent high priority GA blocker escalation
pressure, which is why this came up again.

Granted it did take 12 days of losing the battle with the distro folks
that this really isn't a release blocker (but teh sekuritehs!!) but...oh
right, I forgot that xfs actually /does/ crash more than once per day in
our environment.

I guess *we* will find out how much performance really disappears if you
do it this way. :P

--D

> Cheers,
> 
> Dave.
> -- 
> Dave Chinner
> david@fromorbit.com

  reply index

Thread overview: 11+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-01-16  6:15 [PATCH 0/2] xfs: fix stale disk exposure after crash Darrick J. Wong
2020-01-16  6:15 ` [PATCH 1/2] xfs: force writes to delalloc regions to unwritten Darrick J. Wong
2020-01-16 16:47   ` Christoph Hellwig
2020-01-16 23:16     ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-01-19 20:49   ` Dave Chinner
2020-02-03 20:14     ` Darrick J. Wong [this message]
2020-01-16  6:15 ` [PATCH 2/2] xfs: relax unwritten writeback overhead under some circumstances Darrick J. Wong
2020-01-16 16:49   ` Christoph Hellwig
2020-01-16 23:15     ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-01-16 16:49 ` [PATCH 0/2] xfs: fix stale disk exposure after crash Christoph Hellwig
2020-01-16 23:00   ` Darrick J. Wong

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