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From: Gao Xiang <hsiangkao@redhat.com>
To: "Darrick J. Wong" <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
Cc: linux-xfs@vger.kernel.org, Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>,
	Brian Foster <bfoster@redhat.com>
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH v4 2/3] xfs: introduce perag iunlink lock
Date: Wed, 19 Aug 2020 09:23:40 +0800
Message-ID: <20200819012340.GB22041@xiangao.remote.csb> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200819010615.GC6096@magnolia>

On Tue, Aug 18, 2020 at 06:06:15PM -0700, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> On Tue, Aug 18, 2020 at 09:30:14PM +0800, Gao Xiang wrote:
> > Currently, we use AGI buffer lock to protect in-memory linked
> > list for unlinked inodes but since it's not necessary to modify
> > AGI unless the head of the unlinked list is modified.
> > 
> > Therefore, let's add another per-AG dedicated lock to protect
> > the whole list, and get rid of taking AGI buffer lock in
> > xfs_iunlink_remove() if the head is untouched.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Gao Xiang <hsiangkao@redhat.com>
> > ---
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_inode.c        | 111 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_inode.h        |   1 +
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_iunlink_item.c |  16 ++++++
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_mount.c        |   4 ++
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_mount.h        |   9 ++++
> >  5 files changed, 128 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_inode.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_inode.c
> > index 7ee778bcde06..f32a1172b5cd 100644
> > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_inode.c
> > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_inode.c
> > @@ -47,7 +47,7 @@ kmem_zone_t *xfs_inode_zone;
> >  #define	XFS_ITRUNC_MAX_EXTENTS	2
> >  
> >  STATIC int xfs_iunlink(struct xfs_trans *, struct xfs_inode *);
> > -STATIC int xfs_iunlink_remove(struct xfs_trans *, struct xfs_inode *);
> > +STATIC int xfs_iunlink_remove(struct xfs_trans *, struct xfs_inode *, bool);
> >  
> >  /*
> >   * helper function to extract extent size hint from inode
> > @@ -1398,7 +1398,7 @@ xfs_link(
> >  	 * Handle initial link state of O_TMPFILE inode
> >  	 */
> >  	if (VFS_I(sip)->i_nlink == 0) {
> > -		error = xfs_iunlink_remove(tp, sip);
> > +		error = xfs_iunlink_remove(tp, sip, false);
> >  		if (error)
> >  			goto error_return;
> >  	}
> > @@ -2001,6 +2001,18 @@ xfs_iunlink_insert_inode(
> >  	return xfs_iunlink_update_bucket(tp, agno, agibp, next_agino, agino);
> >  }
> >  
> > +void
> > +xfs_iunlink_unlock(
> > +	struct xfs_perag	*pag)
> > +{
> > +	/* Does not unlock AGI, ever. xfs_trans_commit() does that. */
> > +	if (!--pag->pag_iunlink_refcnt) {
> > +		smp_store_release(&pag->pag_iunlink_trans, NULL);
> > +		mutex_unlock(&pag->pag_iunlink_mutex);
> > +	}
> > +	xfs_perag_put(pag);
> 
> An unlink function drops the perag refcount??

Er... It may need a better naming though. Maybe some
xfs_iunlink_release() ?

> 
> > +}
> > +
> >  /*
> >   * This is called when the inode's link count has gone to 0 or we are creating
> >   * a tmpfile via O_TMPFILE.  The inode @ip must have nlink == 0.
> > @@ -2017,6 +2029,7 @@ xfs_iunlink(
> >  	struct xfs_buf		*agibp;
> >  	xfs_agnumber_t		agno = XFS_INO_TO_AGNO(mp, ip->i_ino);
> >  	int			error;
> > +	struct xfs_perag	*pag;
> >  
> >  	ASSERT(VFS_I(ip)->i_nlink == 0);
> >  	ASSERT(VFS_I(ip)->i_mode != 0);
> > @@ -2027,6 +2040,14 @@ xfs_iunlink(
> >  	if (error)
> >  		return error;
> >  
> > +	/* XXX: will be shortly removed instead in the next commit. */
> > +	pag = xfs_perag_get(mp, agno);
> > +	/* paired with smp_store_release() in xfs_iunlink_unlock() */
> > +	if (smp_load_acquire(&pag->pag_iunlink_trans) != tp)
> > +		mutex_lock(&pag->pag_iunlink_mutex);
> > +	WRITE_ONCE(pag->pag_iunlink_trans, tp);
> > +	++pag->pag_iunlink_refcnt;
> 
> Errrgh, I detest reading lockless code.  Why not (a) introduce
> xfs_iunlink_insert_lock here, and (b) introduce the per-AG locks with
> standard locking devices (mutex?) so that you can (c) add a patch at the
> end to change the mutexes into whatever lockless strategy you really
> want to use?
> 
> It would be very helpful to keep (b) and (c) separate in case we have to
> bisect through here; that way, we can use this patch as a testing point
> to make sure that transition from always using the AGI lock to using the
> perag lock was done correctly; and then later we can separately test
> that the lockless conversion was done correctly.

Yeah, it's better to introduce xfs_iunlink_insert_lock in this series,
will update in the next version.

Unfortunately, it's not easy to seperate (b) and (c) and it's not a real
lockless code strictly. It's just to deal with recursive lock of
pag_iunlink_mutex.

Due to some control dependency, I think it's safe to use smp_load_acquire
rather than pure READ_ONCE.

> 
> Hm, I guess on second reading, you're using the smp_load_acquire here to
> figure out if you even want to take the mutex?

Yes.

> 
> <confused>
> 
> > +
> >  	/*
> >  	 * Insert the inode into the on disk unlinked list, and if that
> >  	 * succeeds, then insert it into the in memory list. We do it in this
> > @@ -2037,11 +2058,72 @@ xfs_iunlink(
> >  	if (!error)
> >  		list_add(&ip->i_unlink, &agibp->b_pag->pag_ici_unlink_list);
> >  
> > +	xfs_iunlink_unlock(pag);
> >  	return error;
> >  }
> >  
> > +/*
> > + * Lock the perag and take AGI lock if agi_unlinked is touched as well for
> > + * xfs_iunlink_remove_inode().
> > + *
> > + * Inode allocation in the O_TMPFILE path defines the AGI/unlinked list lock
> > + * order as being AGI->perag unlinked list lock. We are inverting it here as
> > + * the fast path tail addition does not need to modify the AGI at all. Hence
> > + * AGI lock is only needed if the head is modified, correct locking order.
> 
> Er, I don't get it, what is the expected locking state of
> pag_iunlink_mutex before and after this function?

pag_iunlink_mutex can be taken before this function, but it should be taken
after this function with recursive count added.

Thanks,
Gao Xiang

> 
> --D
> 
> > + */
> > +static struct xfs_perag *
> > +xfs_iunlink_remove_lock(
> > +	xfs_agino_t		agno,
> > +	struct xfs_trans        *tp,
> > +	struct xfs_inode	*ip,
> > +	struct xfs_buf		**agibpp,
> > +	bool			force_agi)
> > +{
> > +	struct xfs_mount        *mp = tp->t_mountp;
> > +	struct xfs_perag	*pag;
> > +	int			error;
> > +
> > +	pag = xfs_perag_get(mp, agno);
> > +	/* paired with smp_store_release() in xfs_iunlink_unlock() */
> > +	if (smp_load_acquire(&pag->pag_iunlink_trans) == tp) {
> > +		/*
> > +		 * if pag_iunlink_trans is the current trans, we're
> > +		 * in the current process context, so it's safe here.
> > +		 */
> > +		ASSERT(mutex_is_locked(&pag->pag_iunlink_mutex));
> > +		goto out;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	if (!force_agi) {
> > +		mutex_lock(&pag->pag_iunlink_mutex);
> > +		if (ip != list_first_entry(&pag->pag_ici_unlink_list,
> > +				struct xfs_inode, i_unlink))
> > +			goto out;
> > +		mutex_unlock(&pag->pag_iunlink_mutex);
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	/*
> > +	 * some paths (e.g. xfs_create_tmpfile) could take AGI lock in
> > +	 * this transaction in advance and we should keep the proper
> > +	 * locking order: AGI buf lock and then pag_iunlink_mutex.
> > +	 */
> > +	error = xfs_read_agi(mp, tp, agno, agibpp);
> > +	if (error) {
> > +		xfs_perag_put(pag);
> > +		return ERR_PTR(error);
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	mutex_lock(&pag->pag_iunlink_mutex);
> > +	ASSERT(!pag->pag_iunlink_refcnt);
> > +out:
> > +	WRITE_ONCE(pag->pag_iunlink_trans, tp);
> > +	++pag->pag_iunlink_refcnt;
> > +	return pag;
> > +}
> > +
> >  static int
> >  xfs_iunlink_remove_inode(
> > +	struct xfs_perag	*pag,
> >  	struct xfs_trans	*tp,
> >  	struct xfs_buf		*agibp,
> >  	struct xfs_inode	*ip)
> > @@ -2055,7 +2137,7 @@ xfs_iunlink_remove_inode(
> >  	 * Get the next agino in the list. If we are at the end of the list,
> >  	 * then the previous inode's i_next_unlinked filed will get cleared.
> >  	 */
> > -	if (ip != list_last_entry(&agibp->b_pag->pag_ici_unlink_list,
> > +	if (ip != list_last_entry(&pag->pag_ici_unlink_list,
> >  					struct xfs_inode, i_unlink)) {
> >  		struct xfs_inode *nip = list_next_entry(ip, i_unlink);
> >  
> > @@ -2065,7 +2147,7 @@ xfs_iunlink_remove_inode(
> >  	/* Clear the on disk next unlinked pointer for this inode. */
> >  	xfs_iunlink_log(tp, ip, next_agino, NULLAGINO);
> >  
> > -	if (ip != list_first_entry(&agibp->b_pag->pag_ici_unlink_list,
> > +	if (ip != list_first_entry(&pag->pag_ici_unlink_list,
> >  					struct xfs_inode, i_unlink)) {
> >  		struct xfs_inode *pip = list_prev_entry(ip, i_unlink);
> >  
> > @@ -2073,6 +2155,7 @@ xfs_iunlink_remove_inode(
> >  		return 0;
> >  	}
> >  
> > +	ASSERT(agibp);
> >  	/* Point the head of the list to the next unlinked inode. */
> >  	return xfs_iunlink_update_bucket(tp, agno, agibp, agino, next_agino);
> >  }
> > @@ -2083,27 +2166,29 @@ xfs_iunlink_remove_inode(
> >  STATIC int
> >  xfs_iunlink_remove(
> >  	struct xfs_trans	*tp,
> > -	struct xfs_inode	*ip)
> > +	struct xfs_inode	*ip,
> > +	bool			force_agi)
> >  {
> >  	struct xfs_mount	*mp = tp->t_mountp;
> > -	struct xfs_buf		*agibp;
> > +	struct xfs_buf		*agibp = NULL;
> >  	xfs_agnumber_t		agno = XFS_INO_TO_AGNO(mp, ip->i_ino);
> > +	struct xfs_perag	*pag;
> >  	int			error;
> >  
> >  	trace_xfs_iunlink_remove(ip);
> >  
> > -	/* Get the agi buffer first.  It ensures lock ordering on the list. */
> > -	error = xfs_read_agi(mp, tp, agno, &agibp);
> > -	if (error)
> > -		return error;
> > +	pag = xfs_iunlink_remove_lock(agno, tp, ip, &agibp, force_agi);
> > +	if (IS_ERR(pag))
> > +		return PTR_ERR(pag);
> >  
> >  	/*
> >  	 * Remove the inode from the on-disk list and then remove it from the
> >  	 * in-memory list. This order of operations ensures we can look up both
> >  	 * next and previous inode in the on-disk list via the in-memory list.
> >  	 */
> > -	error = xfs_iunlink_remove_inode(tp, agibp, ip);
> > +	error = xfs_iunlink_remove_inode(pag, tp, agibp, ip);
> >  	list_del(&ip->i_unlink);
> > +	xfs_iunlink_unlock(pag);
> >  	return error;
> >  }
> >  
> > @@ -2316,7 +2401,7 @@ xfs_ifree(
> >  	if (error)
> >  		return error;
> >  
> > -	error = xfs_iunlink_remove(tp, ip);
> > +	error = xfs_iunlink_remove(tp, ip, false);
> >  	if (error)
> >  		return error;
> >  
> > @@ -2895,7 +2980,7 @@ xfs_rename(
> >  	 */
> >  	if (wip) {
> >  		ASSERT(VFS_I(wip)->i_nlink == 0);
> > -		error = xfs_iunlink_remove(tp, wip);
> > +		error = xfs_iunlink_remove(tp, wip, true);
> >  		if (error)
> >  			goto out_trans_cancel;
> >  
> > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_inode.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_inode.h
> > index 7f8fbb7c8594..d0a221af71db 100644
> > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_inode.h
> > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_inode.h
> > @@ -468,5 +468,6 @@ void xfs_end_io(struct work_struct *work);
> >  
> >  int xfs_ilock2_io_mmap(struct xfs_inode *ip1, struct xfs_inode *ip2);
> >  void xfs_iunlock2_io_mmap(struct xfs_inode *ip1, struct xfs_inode *ip2);
> > +void xfs_iunlink_unlock(struct xfs_perag *pag);
> >  
> >  #endif	/* __XFS_INODE_H__ */
> > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_iunlink_item.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_iunlink_item.c
> > index 2ee05f98aa97..ae1e73e465b2 100644
> > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_iunlink_item.c
> > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_iunlink_item.c
> > @@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
> >  #include "xfs_iunlink_item.h"
> >  #include "xfs_trace.h"
> >  #include "xfs_error.h"
> > +#include "xfs_sb.h"
> >  
> >  struct kmem_cache	*xfs_iunlink_zone;
> >  
> > @@ -28,6 +29,13 @@ static void
> >  xfs_iunlink_item_release(
> >  	struct xfs_log_item	*lip)
> >  {
> > +	struct xfs_mount	*mp = lip->li_mountp;
> > +	struct xfs_inode        *ip = IUL_ITEM(lip)->iu_ip;
> > +	struct xfs_perag	*pag;
> > +
> > +	pag = xfs_perag_get(mp, XFS_INO_TO_AGNO(mp, ip->i_ino));
> > +	ASSERT(mutex_is_locked(&pag->pag_iunlink_mutex));
> > +	xfs_iunlink_unlock(pag);
> >  	kmem_cache_free(xfs_iunlink_zone, IUL_ITEM(lip));
> >  }
> >  
> > @@ -150,7 +158,9 @@ xfs_iunlink_log(
> >  	xfs_agino_t		old_agino,
> >  	xfs_agino_t		next_agino)
> >  {
> > +	struct xfs_mount        *mp = tp->t_mountp;
> >  	struct xfs_iunlink_item	*iup;
> > +	struct xfs_perag	*pag;
> >  
> >  	iup = kmem_cache_zalloc(xfs_iunlink_zone, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOFAIL);
> >  
> > @@ -164,5 +174,11 @@ xfs_iunlink_log(
> >  	xfs_trans_add_item(tp, &iup->iu_item);
> >  	tp->t_flags |= XFS_TRANS_DIRTY;
> >  	set_bit(XFS_LI_DIRTY, &iup->iu_item.li_flags);
> > +
> > +	pag = xfs_perag_get(mp, XFS_INO_TO_AGNO(mp, ip->i_ino));
> > +	ASSERT(mutex_is_locked(&pag->pag_iunlink_mutex));
> > +	ASSERT(pag->pag_iunlink_trans == tp);
> > +	++pag->pag_iunlink_refcnt;
> > +	xfs_perag_put(pag);
> >  }
> >  
> > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_mount.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_mount.c
> > index f28c969af272..82d264a3350d 100644
> > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_mount.c
> > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_mount.c
> > @@ -224,6 +224,10 @@ xfs_initialize_perag(
> >  		if (first_initialised == NULLAGNUMBER)
> >  			first_initialised = index;
> >  		spin_lock_init(&pag->pag_state_lock);
> > +
> > +		mutex_init(&pag->pag_iunlink_mutex);
> > +		pag->pag_iunlink_refcnt = 0;
> > +		pag->pag_iunlink_trans = NULL;
> >  	}
> >  
> >  	index = xfs_set_inode_alloc(mp, agcount);
> > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_mount.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_mount.h
> > index 98109801a995..fca4c1d28d8e 100644
> > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_mount.h
> > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_mount.h
> > @@ -372,6 +372,15 @@ typedef struct xfs_perag {
> >  
> >  	/* reference count */
> >  	uint8_t			pagf_refcount_level;
> > +
> > +	/* lock to protect unlinked inode list and refcnt */
> > +	struct mutex            pag_iunlink_mutex;
> > +
> > +	/* recursive count of pag_iunlink_mutex */
> > +	unsigned int		pag_iunlink_refcnt;
> > +
> > +	/* (lockless) by which pag_iunlink_mutex is taken */
> > +	struct xfs_trans	*pag_iunlink_trans;
> >  } xfs_perag_t;
> >  
> >  static inline struct xfs_ag_resv *
> > -- 
> > 2.18.1
> > 
> 


  reply index

Thread overview: 29+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-07-07 13:57 [RFC PATCH 0/2] xfs: more unlinked inode list optimization v1 Gao Xiang
2020-07-07 13:57 ` [RFC PATCH 1/2] xfs: arrange all unlinked inodes into one list Gao Xiang
2020-07-08 22:33   ` Dave Chinner
2020-07-09  0:17     ` Gao Xiang
2020-07-07 13:57 ` [RFC PATCH 2/2] xfs: don't access AGI on unlinked inodes if it can Gao Xiang
2020-07-08 17:03   ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-07-08 23:40     ` Gao Xiang
2020-07-08 23:33   ` Dave Chinner
2020-07-09  0:55     ` Gao Xiang
2020-07-09  2:32       ` Dave Chinner
2020-07-09 10:36         ` Gao Xiang
2020-07-09 10:47           ` Gao Xiang
2020-07-09 22:36           ` Dave Chinner
2020-07-24  6:12 ` [RFC PATCH v2 0/3] xfs: more unlinked inode list optimization v2 Gao Xiang
2020-07-24  6:12   ` [RFC PATCH v2 1/3] xfs: arrange all unlinked inodes into one list Gao Xiang
2020-07-24  6:12   ` [RFC PATCH v2 2/3] xfs: introduce perag iunlink lock Gao Xiang
2020-07-24  6:12   ` [RFC PATCH v2 3/3] xfs: insert unlinked inodes from tail Gao Xiang
2020-08-18 13:30   ` [RFC PATCH v4 0/3] xfs: more unlinked inode list optimization v4 Gao Xiang
2020-08-18 13:30     ` [RFC PATCH v4 1/3] xfs: get rid of unused pagi_unlinked_hash Gao Xiang
2020-08-19  0:54       ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-08-21  1:09         ` Dave Chinner
2020-08-18 13:30     ` [RFC PATCH v4 2/3] xfs: introduce perag iunlink lock Gao Xiang
2020-08-19  1:06       ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-08-19  1:23         ` Gao Xiang [this message]
2020-08-18 13:30     ` [RFC PATCH v4 3/3] xfs: insert unlinked inodes from tail Gao Xiang
2020-08-19  0:53     ` [RFC PATCH v4 0/3] xfs: more unlinked inode list optimization v4 Darrick J. Wong
2020-08-19  1:14       ` Gao Xiang
2020-08-20  2:46     ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-08-20  4:01       ` Gao Xiang

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