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From: Akshay Adiga <akshay.adiga@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
To: Russell Currey <ruscur@russell.cc>
Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH] powerpc/powernv/idle: Restore IAMR after idle
Date: Wed, 20 Feb 2019 14:28:41 +0530
Message-ID: <20190220085841.GA11633@aks.ibm> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190206062837.26917-1-ruscur@russell.cc>

On Wed, Feb 06, 2019 at 05:28:37PM +1100, Russell Currey wrote:
> Without restoring the IAMR after idle, execution prevention on POWER9
> with Radix MMU is overwritten and the kernel can freely execute userspace without
> faulting.
> 
> This is necessary when returning from any stop state that modifies user
> state, as well as hypervisor state.
> 
> To test how this fails without this patch, load the lkdtm driver and
> do the following:
> 
>    echo EXEC_USERSPACE > /sys/kernel/debug/provoke-crash/DIRECT
> 
> which won't fault, then boot the kernel with powersave=off, where it
> will fault.  Applying this patch will fix this.
> 
> Fixes: 3b10d0095a1e ("powerpc/mm/radix: Prevent kernel execution of user
> space")
> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
> Signed-off-by: Russell Currey <ruscur@russell.cc>
> ---
>  arch/powerpc/include/asm/cpuidle.h |  1 +
>  arch/powerpc/kernel/asm-offsets.c  |  1 +
>  arch/powerpc/kernel/idle_book3s.S  | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
>  3 files changed, 22 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/cpuidle.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/cpuidle.h
> index 43e5f31fe64d..ad67dbe59498 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/cpuidle.h
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/cpuidle.h
> @@ -77,6 +77,7 @@ struct stop_sprs {
>  	u64 mmcr1;
>  	u64 mmcr2;
>  	u64 mmcra;
> +	u64 iamr;
>  };
> 
>  #define PNV_IDLE_NAME_LEN    16
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/asm-offsets.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/asm-offsets.c
> index 9ffc72ded73a..10e0314c2b0d 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/asm-offsets.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/asm-offsets.c
> @@ -774,6 +774,7 @@ int main(void)
>  	STOP_SPR(STOP_MMCR1, mmcr1);
>  	STOP_SPR(STOP_MMCR2, mmcr2);
>  	STOP_SPR(STOP_MMCRA, mmcra);
> +	STOP_SPR(STOP_IAMR, iamr);
>  #endif
> 
>  	DEFINE(PPC_DBELL_SERVER, PPC_DBELL_SERVER);
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/idle_book3s.S b/arch/powerpc/kernel/idle_book3s.S
> index 7f5ac2e8581b..bb4f552f6c7e 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/idle_book3s.S
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/idle_book3s.S
> @@ -200,6 +200,12 @@ pnv_powersave_common:
>  	/* Continue saving state */
>  	SAVE_GPR(2, r1)
>  	SAVE_NVGPRS(r1)
> +
> +BEGIN_FTR_SECTION
> +	mfspr	r5, SPRN_IAMR
> +	std	r5, STOP_IAMR(r13)
> +END_FTR_SECTION_IFSET(CPU_FTR_ARCH_207S)
> +
>  	mfcr	r5
>  	std	r5,_CCR(r1)
>  	std	r1,PACAR1(r13)
> @@ -924,6 +930,13 @@ BEGIN_FTR_SECTION
>  END_FTR_SECTION_IFSET(CPU_FTR_HVMODE)
>  	REST_NVGPRS(r1)
>  	REST_GPR(2, r1)
> +
> +BEGIN_FTR_SECTION
> +	ld	r4, STOP_IAMR(r13)
> +	mtspr	SPRN_IAMR, r4
> +	isync
> +END_FTR_SECTION_IFSET(CPU_FTR_ARCH_207S)
> +
>  	ld	r4,PACAKMSR(r13)
>  	ld	r5,_LINK(r1)
>  	ld	r6,_CCR(r1)
> @@ -946,6 +959,13 @@ pnv_wakeup_noloss:
>  BEGIN_FTR_SECTION
>  	CHECK_HMI_INTERRUPT
>  END_FTR_SECTION_IFSET(CPU_FTR_HVMODE)
> +
> +BEGIN_FTR_SECTION
> +	ld	r4, STOP_IAMR(r13)
> +	mtspr	SPRN_IAMR, r4
> +	isync
> +END_FTR_SECTION_IFSET(CPU_FTR_ARCH_207S)
> +

pnv_wakeup_noloss gets called from two paths:
1) cpu wakes up at 0x100  (ESL=EC=1)
2) cpu wakes up at next instruction  (ESL=EC=0)

We know for the fact that its not lost with ESL=EC=0 , so we
should put it somewhere else.

I would like to put the restore code in pnv_restore_hyp_resource_arch300
it already has some work arounds we can add another.

By this time we cr3 has comparison of SRR1[46:47] with 2

  542 pnv_restore_hyp_resource_arch300:
  543         /*
  544          * Workaround for POWER9, if we lost resources, the ERAT
  545          * might have been mixed up and needs flushing. We also need
  546          * to reload MMCR0 (see comment above). We also need to set
  547          * then clear bit 60 in MMCRA to ensure the PMU starts running.
  548          */
  549         blt     cr3,1f
  550 BEGIN_FTR_SECTION
  551         PPC_INVALIDATE_ERAT
  552         ld      r1,PACAR1(r13)
  553         ld      r4,_MMCR0(r1)
  554         mtspr   SPRN_MMCR0,r4
  555 END_FTR_SECTION_IFCLR(CPU_FTR_POWER9_DD2_1)
  556         mfspr   r4,SPRN_MMCRA
  557         ori     r4,r4,(1 << (63-60))
  558         mtspr   SPRN_MMCRA,r4
  559         xori    r4,r4,(1 << (63-60))
  560         mtspr   SPRN_MMCRA,r4
+ 561 BEGIN_FTR_SECTION
+ 562         ld      r4,STOP_IAMR(r13)
+ 563         mtspr   SPRN_IAMR,r4
+ 564 END_FTR_SECTION_IFSET(CPU_FTR_ARCH_300)
  565 1:
  566         /* 

I have a patchset to handle both AMOR and IAMR,
need to test it on power8 before posting.


>  	ld	r4,PACAKMSR(r13)
>  	ld	r5,_NIP(r1)
>  	ld	r6,_CCR(r1)
> -- 
> 2.20.1
> 


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 15+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-02-06  6:28 Russell Currey
2019-02-07  4:29 ` Michael Ellerman
2019-02-07  6:28   ` Russell Currey
2019-02-07  5:08 ` Nicholas Piggin
2019-02-07  6:33   ` Russell Currey
2019-02-07 16:37     ` Thiago Jung Bauermann
2019-02-07 22:38       ` Russell Currey
2019-02-08  1:04   ` Michael Ellerman
2019-02-19  4:21     ` Nicholas Piggin
2019-02-20  6:04       ` Akshay Adiga
2019-02-20 11:18         ` Russell Currey
2019-02-20  7:15 ` Akshay Adiga
2019-02-20 11:25   ` Russell Currey
2019-02-20  8:58 ` Akshay Adiga [this message]
2019-02-20 11:20   ` Russell Currey

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