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* [PATCH v2] powerpc/watchpoint: Disable watchpoint hit by larx/stcx instructions
@ 2019-09-10 13:15 Ravi Bangoria
  2019-09-19 10:25 ` Michael Ellerman
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 2+ messages in thread
From: Ravi Bangoria @ 2019-09-10 13:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: mpe, mikey
  Cc: Ravi Bangoria, linux-kernel, paulus, Naveen N . Rao, linuxppc-dev

If watchpoint exception is generated by larx/stcx instructions, the
reservation created by larx gets lost while handling exception, and
thus stcx instruction always fails. Generally these instructions are
used in a while(1) loop, for example spinlocks. And because stcx
never succeeds, it loops forever and ultimately hangs the system.

Note that ptrace anyway works in one-shot mode and thus for ptrace
we don't change the behaviour. It's up to ptrace user to take care
of this.

Signed-off-by: Ravi Bangoria <ravi.bangoria@linux.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Naveen N. Rao <naveen.n.rao@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
v1->v2:
 - v1: https://lists.ozlabs.org/pipermail/linuxppc-dev/2019-September/196818.html
 - Christophe's patch is already merged. Don't include it.
 - Rewrite warning message

 arch/powerpc/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c | 49 +++++++++++++++++++----------
 1 file changed, 33 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
index 28ad3171bb82..1007ec36b4cb 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
@@ -195,14 +195,32 @@ void thread_change_pc(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pt_regs *regs)
 	tsk->thread.last_hit_ubp = NULL;
 }
 
+static bool is_larx_stcx_instr(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int instr)
+{
+	int ret, type;
+	struct instruction_op op;
+
+	ret = analyse_instr(&op, regs, instr);
+	type = GETTYPE(op.type);
+	return (!ret && (type == LARX || type == STCX));
+}
+
 /*
  * Handle debug exception notifications.
  */
 static bool stepping_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, struct perf_event *bp,
 			     unsigned long addr)
 {
-	int stepped;
-	unsigned int instr;
+	unsigned int instr = 0;
+
+	if (__get_user_inatomic(instr, (unsigned int *)regs->nip))
+		goto fail;
+
+	if (is_larx_stcx_instr(regs, instr)) {
+		printk_ratelimited("Breakpoint hit on instruction that can't be emulated."
+				   " Breakpoint at 0x%lx will be disabled.\n", addr);
+		goto disable;
+	}
 
 	/* Do not emulate user-space instructions, instead single-step them */
 	if (user_mode(regs)) {
@@ -211,23 +229,22 @@ static bool stepping_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, struct perf_event *bp,
 		return false;
 	}
 
-	stepped = 0;
-	instr = 0;
-	if (!__get_user_inatomic(instr, (unsigned int *)regs->nip))
-		stepped = emulate_step(regs, instr);
+	if (!emulate_step(regs, instr))
+		goto fail;
 
+	return true;
+
+fail:
 	/*
-	 * emulate_step() could not execute it. We've failed in reliably
-	 * handling the hw-breakpoint. Unregister it and throw a warning
-	 * message to let the user know about it.
+	 * We've failed in reliably handling the hw-breakpoint. Unregister
+	 * it and throw a warning message to let the user know about it.
 	 */
-	if (!stepped) {
-		WARN(1, "Unable to handle hardware breakpoint. Breakpoint at "
-			"0x%lx will be disabled.", addr);
-		perf_event_disable_inatomic(bp);
-		return false;
-	}
-	return true;
+	WARN(1, "Unable to handle hardware breakpoint. Breakpoint at "
+		"0x%lx will be disabled.", addr);
+
+disable:
+	perf_event_disable_inatomic(bp);
+	return false;
 }
 
 int hw_breakpoint_handler(struct die_args *args)
-- 
2.21.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 2+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] powerpc/watchpoint: Disable watchpoint hit by larx/stcx instructions
  2019-09-10 13:15 [PATCH v2] powerpc/watchpoint: Disable watchpoint hit by larx/stcx instructions Ravi Bangoria
@ 2019-09-19 10:25 ` Michael Ellerman
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 2+ messages in thread
From: Michael Ellerman @ 2019-09-19 10:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ravi Bangoria, mikey
  Cc: Ravi Bangoria, Naveen N . Rao, linuxppc-dev, paulus, linux-kernel

On Tue, 2019-09-10 at 13:15:13 UTC, Ravi Bangoria wrote:
> If watchpoint exception is generated by larx/stcx instructions, the
> reservation created by larx gets lost while handling exception, and
> thus stcx instruction always fails. Generally these instructions are
> used in a while(1) loop, for example spinlocks. And because stcx
> never succeeds, it loops forever and ultimately hangs the system.
> 
> Note that ptrace anyway works in one-shot mode and thus for ptrace
> we don't change the behaviour. It's up to ptrace user to take care
> of this.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Ravi Bangoria <ravi.bangoria@linux.ibm.com>
> Acked-by: Naveen N. Rao <naveen.n.rao@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

Applied to powerpc next, thanks.

https://git.kernel.org/powerpc/c/bc01bdf6c5df5023272a7399962cf64f8fedc93e

cheers

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 2+ messages in thread

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2019-09-10 13:15 [PATCH v2] powerpc/watchpoint: Disable watchpoint hit by larx/stcx instructions Ravi Bangoria
2019-09-19 10:25 ` Michael Ellerman

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