LinuxPPC-Dev Archive on lore.kernel.org
 help / color / Atom feed
From: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-hyperv@vger.kernel.org, "Michal Hocko" <mhocko@suse.com>,
	"Radim Krčmář" <rkrcmar@redhat.com>,
	kvm@vger.kernel.org, "David Hildenbrand" <david@redhat.com>,
	"KarimAllah Ahmed" <karahmed@amazon.de>,
	"Dave Hansen" <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>,
	"Alexander Duyck" <alexander.duyck@gmail.com>,
	"Michal Hocko" <mhocko@kernel.org>,
	linux-mm@kvack.org,
	"Pavel Tatashin" <pavel.tatashin@microsoft.com>,
	"Paul Mackerras" <paulus@samba.org>,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>,
	"Wanpeng Li" <wanpengli@tencent.com>,
	"Alexander Duyck" <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>,
	"K. Y. Srinivasan" <kys@microsoft.com>,
	"Dan Williams" <dan.j.williams@intel.com>,
	"Kees Cook" <keescook@chromium.org>,
	devel@driverdev.osuosl.org,
	"Stefano Stabellini" <sstabellini@kernel.org>,
	"Stephen Hemminger" <sthemmin@microsoft.com>,
	"Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>,
	"Joerg Roedel" <joro@8bytes.org>,
	x86@kernel.org, YueHaibing <yuehaibing@huawei.com>,
	"Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)" <willy@infradead.org>,
	"Mike Rapoport" <rppt@linux.ibm.com>,
	"Peter Zijlstra" <peterz@infradead.org>,
	"Ingo Molnar" <mingo@redhat.com>,
	"Vlastimil Babka" <vbabka@suse.cz>,
	"Anthony Yznaga" <anthony.yznaga@oracle.com>,
	"Oscar Salvador" <osalvador@suse.de>,
	"Isaac J. Manjarres" <isaacm@codeaurora.org>,
	"Matt Sickler" <Matt.Sickler@daktronics.com>,
	"Juergen Gross" <jgross@suse.com>,
	"Anshuman Khandual" <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>,
	"Haiyang Zhang" <haiyangz@microsoft.com>,
	"Sasha Levin" <sashal@kernel.org>,
	kvm-ppc@vger.kernel.org, "Qian Cai" <cai@lca.pw>,
	"Alex Williamson" <alex.williamson@redhat.com>,
	"Mike Rapoport" <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>,
	"Borislav Petkov" <bp@alien8.de>,
	"Nicholas Piggin" <npiggin@gmail.com>,
	"Andy Lutomirski" <luto@kernel.org>,
	xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org,
	"Boris Ostrovsky" <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>,
	"Vitaly Kuznetsov" <vkuznets@redhat.com>,
	"Allison Randal" <allison@lohutok.net>,
	"Jim Mattson" <jmattson@google.com>,
	"Mel Gorman" <mgorman@techsingularity.net>,
	"Cornelia Huck" <cohuck@redhat.com>,
	"Pavel Tatashin" <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>,
	"Sean Christopherson" <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>,
	"Thomas Gleixner" <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	"Johannes Weiner" <hannes@cmpxchg.org>,
	"Paolo Bonzini" <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	"Andrew Morton" <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
Subject: [PATCH v1 09/10] mm/memory_hotplug: Don't mark pages PG_reserved when initializing the memmap
Date: Thu, 24 Oct 2019 14:09:37 +0200
Message-ID: <20191024120938.11237-10-david@redhat.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20191024120938.11237-1-david@redhat.com>

Everything should be prepared to stop setting pages PG_reserved when
initializing the memmap on memory hotplug. Most importantly, we
stop marking ZONE_DEVICE pages PG_reserved.

a) We made sure that any code that relied on PG_reserved to detect
   ZONE_DEVICE memory will no longer rely on PG_reserved (especially,
   by relying on pfn_to_online_page() for now). Details can be found
   below.
b) We made sure that memory blocks with holes cannot be offlined and
   therefore also not onlined. We have quite some code that relies on
   memory holes being marked PG_reserved. This is now not an issue
   anymore.

generic_online_page() still calls __free_pages_core(), which performs
__ClearPageReserved(p). AFAIKS, this should not hurt.

It is worth nothing that the users of online_page_callback_t might see a
change. E.g., until now, pages not freed to the buddy by the HyperV
balloonm were set PG_reserved until freed via generic_online_page(). Now,
they would look like ordinarily allocated pages (refcount == 1). This
callback is used by the XEN balloon and the HyperV balloon. To not
introduce any silent errors, keep marking the pages PG_reserved. We can
most probably stop doing that, but have to double check if there are
issues (e.g., offlining code aborts right away in has_unmovable_pages()
when it runs into a PageReserved(page))

Update the documentation at various places in the MM core.

There are three PageReserved() users that might be affected by this change.
 - drivers/staging/gasket/gasket_page_table.c:gasket_release_page()
   -> We might (unlikely) set SetPageDirty() on a ZONE_DEVICE page
   -> I assume "we don't care"
 - drivers/staging/kpc2000/kpc_dma/fileops.c:transfer_complete_cb()
   -> We might (unlikely) set SetPageDirty() on a ZONE_DEVICE page
   -> I assume "we don't care"
 - mm/usercopy.c: check_page_span()
   -> According to Dan, non-HMM ZONE_DEVICE usage excluded this code since
      commit 52f476a323f9 ("libnvdimm/pmem: Bypass CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY
      overhead")
   -> It is unclear whether we rally cared about ZONE_DEVICE here (HMM) or
      simply about "PG_reserved". The worst thing that could happen is a
      false negative with CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY we should be able to
      identify easily.
   -> There is a discussion to rip out that code completely
   -> I assume "not relevant" / "we don't care"

I audited the other PageReserved() users. They don't affect ZONE_DEVICE:
 - mm/page_owner.c:pagetypeinfo_showmixedcount_print()
   -> Never called for ZONE_DEVICE, (+ pfn_to_online_page(pfn))
 - mm/page_owner.c:init_pages_in_zone()
   -> Never called for ZONE_DEVICE (!populated_zone(zone))
 - mm/page_ext.c:free_page_ext()
   -> Only a BUG_ON(PageReserved(page)), not relevant
 - mm/page_ext.c:has_unmovable_pages()
   -> Not releveant for ZONE_DEVICE
 - mm/page_ext.c:pfn_range_valid_contig()
   -> pfn_to_online_page() already guards us
 - mm/mempolicy.c:queue_pages_pte_range()
   -> vm_normal_page() checks against pte_devmap()
 - mm/memory-failure.c:hwpoison_user_mappings()
   -> Not reached via memory_failure() due to pfn_to_online_page()
   -> Also not reached indirectly via memory_failure_hugetlb()
 - mm/hugetlb.c:gather_bootmem_prealloc()
   -> Only a WARN_ON(PageReserved(page)), not relevant
 - kernel/power/snapshot.c:saveable_highmem_page()
   -> pfn_to_online_page() already guards us
 - kernel/power/snapshot.c:saveable_page()
   -> pfn_to_online_page() already guards us
 - fs/proc/task_mmu.c:can_gather_numa_stats()
   -> vm_normal_page() checks against pte_devmap()
 - fs/proc/task_mmu.c:can_gather_numa_stats_pmd
   -> vm_normal_page_pmd() checks against pte_devmap()
 - fs/proc/page.c:stable_page_flags()
   -> The reserved bit is simply copied, irrelevant
 - drivers/firmware/memmap.c:release_firmware_map_entry()
   -> really only a check to detect bootmem. Not relevant for ZONE_DEVICE
 - arch/ia64/kernel/mca_drv.c
 - arch/mips/mm/init.c
 - arch/mips/mm/ioremap.c
 - arch/nios2/mm/ioremap.c
 - arch/parisc/mm/ioremap.c
 - arch/sparc/mm/tlb.c
 - arch/xtensa/mm/cache.c
   -> No ZONE_DEVICE support
 - arch/powerpc/mm/init_64.c:vmemmap_free()
   -> Special-cases memmap on altmap
   -> Only a check for bootmem
 - arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c:__text_poke()
   -> Only a WARN_ON(!PageReserved(pages[0])) to verify it is bootmem
 - arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
   -> Only a check for bootmem

Cc: "K. Y. Srinivasan" <kys@microsoft.com>
Cc: Haiyang Zhang <haiyangz@microsoft.com>
Cc: Stephen Hemminger <sthemmin@microsoft.com>
Cc: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Stefano Stabellini <sstabellini@kernel.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pavel.tatashin@microsoft.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Anthony Yznaga <anthony.yznaga@oracle.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Matt Sickler <Matt.Sickler@daktronics.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Suggested-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
---
 drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c    |  6 ++++++
 drivers/xen/balloon.c      |  7 +++++++
 include/linux/page-flags.h |  8 +-------
 mm/memory_hotplug.c        | 17 +++++++----------
 mm/page_alloc.c            | 11 -----------
 5 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c b/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
index c722079d3c24..3214b0ef5247 100644
--- a/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
+++ b/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
@@ -670,6 +670,12 @@ static struct notifier_block hv_memory_nb = {
 /* Check if the particular page is backed and can be onlined and online it. */
 static void hv_page_online_one(struct hv_hotadd_state *has, struct page *pg)
 {
+	/*
+	 * TODO: The core used to mark the pages reserved. Most probably
+	 * we can stop doing that now.
+	 */
+	__SetPageReserved(pg);
+
 	if (!has_pfn_is_backed(has, page_to_pfn(pg))) {
 		if (!PageOffline(pg))
 			__SetPageOffline(pg);
diff --git a/drivers/xen/balloon.c b/drivers/xen/balloon.c
index 4f2e78a5e4db..af69f057913a 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/balloon.c
+++ b/drivers/xen/balloon.c
@@ -374,6 +374,13 @@ static void xen_online_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
 	mutex_lock(&balloon_mutex);
 	for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
 		p = pfn_to_page(start_pfn + i);
+		/*
+		 * TODO: The core used to mark the pages reserved. Most probably
+		 * we can stop doing that now. However, especially
+		 * alloc_xenballooned_pages() left PG_reserved set
+		 * on pages that can get mapped to user space.
+		 */
+		__SetPageReserved(p);
 		balloon_append(p);
 	}
 	mutex_unlock(&balloon_mutex);
diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
index 3b8e5c5f7e1f..e9a7465219d1 100644
--- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
+++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
@@ -30,24 +30,18 @@
  * - Pages falling into physical memory gaps - not IORESOURCE_SYSRAM. Trying
  *   to read/write these pages might end badly. Don't touch!
  * - The zero page(s)
- * - Pages not added to the page allocator when onlining a section because
- *   they were excluded via the online_page_callback() or because they are
- *   PG_hwpoison.
  * - Pages allocated in the context of kexec/kdump (loaded kernel image,
  *   control pages, vmcoreinfo)
  * - MMIO/DMA pages. Some architectures don't allow to ioremap pages that are
  *   not marked PG_reserved (as they might be in use by somebody else who does
  *   not respect the caching strategy).
- * - Pages part of an offline section (struct pages of offline sections should
- *   not be trusted as they will be initialized when first onlined).
  * - MCA pages on ia64
  * - Pages holding CPU notes for POWER Firmware Assisted Dump
- * - Device memory (e.g. PMEM, DAX, HMM)
  * Some PG_reserved pages will be excluded from the hibernation image.
  * PG_reserved does in general not hinder anybody from dumping or swapping
  * and is no longer required for remap_pfn_range(). ioremap might require it.
  * Consequently, PG_reserved for a page mapped into user space can indicate
- * the zero page, the vDSO, MMIO pages or device memory.
+ * the zero page, the vDSO, or MMIO pages.
  *
  * The PG_private bitflag is set on pagecache pages if they contain filesystem
  * specific data (which is normally at page->private). It can be used by
diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index 8d81730cf036..2714edce98dd 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -501,9 +501,7 @@ static void __remove_section(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
  * @altmap: alternative device page map or %NULL if default memmap is used
  *
  * Generic helper function to remove section mappings and sysfs entries
- * for the section of the memory we are removing. Caller needs to make
- * sure that pages are marked reserved and zones are adjust properly by
- * calling offline_pages().
+ * for the section of the memory we are removing.
  */
 void __remove_pages(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
 		    struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
@@ -584,9 +582,9 @@ static int online_pages_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
 	int order;
 
 	/*
-	 * Online the pages. The callback might decide to keep some pages
-	 * PG_reserved (to add them to the buddy later), but we still account
-	 * them as being online/belonging to this zone ("present").
+	 * Online the pages. The callback might decide to not free some pages
+	 * (to add them to the buddy later), but we still account them as
+	 * being online/belonging to this zone ("present").
 	 */
 	for (pfn = start_pfn; pfn < end_pfn; pfn += 1ul << order) {
 		order = min(MAX_ORDER - 1, get_order(PFN_PHYS(end_pfn - pfn)));
@@ -659,8 +657,7 @@ static void __meminit resize_pgdat_range(struct pglist_data *pgdat, unsigned lon
 }
 /*
  * Associate the pfn range with the given zone, initializing the memmaps
- * and resizing the pgdat/zone data to span the added pages. After this
- * call, all affected pages are PG_reserved.
+ * and resizing the pgdat/zone data to span the added pages.
  */
 void __ref move_pfn_range_to_zone(struct zone *zone, unsigned long start_pfn,
 		unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
@@ -684,8 +681,8 @@ void __ref move_pfn_range_to_zone(struct zone *zone, unsigned long start_pfn,
 	/*
 	 * TODO now we have a visible range of pages which are not associated
 	 * with their zone properly. Not nice but set_pfnblock_flags_mask
-	 * expects the zone spans the pfn range. All the pages in the range
-	 * are reserved so nobody should be touching them so we should be safe
+	 * expects the zone spans the pfn range. The sections are not yet
+	 * marked online so nobody should be touching the memmap.
 	 */
 	memmap_init_zone(nr_pages, nid, zone_idx(zone), start_pfn,
 			MEMMAP_HOTPLUG, altmap);
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index f9488efff680..aa6ecac27b68 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -5927,8 +5927,6 @@ void __meminit memmap_init_zone(unsigned long size, int nid, unsigned long zone,
 
 		page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
 		__init_single_page(page, pfn, zone, nid);
-		if (context == MEMMAP_HOTPLUG)
-			__SetPageReserved(page);
 
 		/*
 		 * Mark the block movable so that blocks are reserved for
@@ -5980,15 +5978,6 @@ void __ref memmap_init_zone_device(struct zone *zone,
 
 		__init_single_page(page, pfn, zone_idx, nid);
 
-		/*
-		 * Mark page reserved as it will need to wait for onlining
-		 * phase for it to be fully associated with a zone.
-		 *
-		 * We can use the non-atomic __set_bit operation for setting
-		 * the flag as we are still initializing the pages.
-		 */
-		__SetPageReserved(page);
-
 		/*
 		 * ZONE_DEVICE pages union ->lru with a ->pgmap back pointer
 		 * and zone_device_data.  It is a bug if a ZONE_DEVICE page is
-- 
2.21.0


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 43+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-10-24 12:09 [PATCH v1 00/10] mm: Don't mark hotplugged pages PG_reserved (including ZONE_DEVICE) David Hildenbrand
2019-10-24 12:09 ` [PATCH v1 01/10] mm/memory_hotplug: Don't allow to online/offline memory blocks with holes David Hildenbrand
2019-11-05  1:30   ` Dan Williams
2019-11-05  9:31     ` David Hildenbrand
2019-10-24 12:09 ` [PATCH v1 02/10] KVM: x86/mmu: Prepare kvm_is_mmio_pfn() for PG_reserved changes David Hildenbrand
2019-11-05  1:37   ` Dan Williams
2019-11-05 11:09     ` David Hildenbrand
2019-10-24 12:09 ` [PATCH v1 03/10] KVM: Prepare kvm_is_reserved_pfn() " David Hildenbrand
2019-11-05  4:38   ` Dan Williams
2019-11-05  9:17     ` David Hildenbrand
2019-11-05  9:49       ` David Hildenbrand
2019-11-05 10:02         ` David Hildenbrand
2019-11-05 16:00           ` Sean Christopherson
2019-11-05 20:30             ` David Hildenbrand
2019-11-05 22:22               ` Sean Christopherson
2019-11-05 23:02               ` Dan Williams
2019-11-05 23:13                 ` Sean Christopherson
2019-11-05 23:30                   ` Dan Williams
2019-11-05 23:42                     ` Sean Christopherson
2019-11-05 23:43                     ` Dan Williams
2019-11-06  0:03                       ` Sean Christopherson
2019-11-06  0:08                         ` Dan Williams
2019-11-06  6:56                           ` David Hildenbrand
2019-11-06 16:09                             ` Sean Christopherson
2019-10-24 12:09 ` [PATCH v1 04/10] vfio/type1: Prepare is_invalid_reserved_pfn() " David Hildenbrand
2019-11-07 15:40   ` Dan Williams
2019-11-07 18:22     ` David Hildenbrand
2019-11-07 22:07       ` David Hildenbrand
2019-11-08  5:09         ` Dan Williams
2019-11-08  7:14           ` David Hildenbrand
2019-11-08 10:21             ` David Hildenbrand
2019-11-08 18:29               ` Dan Williams
2019-11-08 23:01                 ` David Hildenbrand
2019-10-24 12:09 ` [PATCH v1 05/10] powerpc/book3s: Prepare kvmppc_book3s_instantiate_page() " David Hildenbrand
2019-10-24 12:09 ` [PATCH v1 06/10] powerpc/64s: Prepare hash_page_do_lazy_icache() " David Hildenbrand
2019-10-24 12:09 ` [PATCH v1 07/10] powerpc/mm: Prepare maybe_pte_to_page() " David Hildenbrand
2019-10-24 12:09 ` [PATCH v1 08/10] x86/mm: Prepare __ioremap_check_ram() " David Hildenbrand
2019-10-24 12:09 ` David Hildenbrand [this message]
2019-11-04 22:44   ` [PATCH v1 09/10] mm/memory_hotplug: Don't mark pages PG_reserved when initializing the memmap Boris Ostrovsky
2019-11-05 10:18     ` David Hildenbrand
2019-11-05 16:06       ` Boris Ostrovsky
2019-10-24 12:09 ` [PATCH v1 10/10] mm/usercopy.c: Update comment in check_page_span() regarding ZONE_DEVICE David Hildenbrand
2019-11-01 19:24 ` [PATCH v1 00/10] mm: Don't mark hotplugged pages PG_reserved (including ZONE_DEVICE) David Hildenbrand

Reply instructions:

You may reply publically to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=20191024120938.11237-10-david@redhat.com \
    --to=david@redhat.com \
    --cc=Matt.Sickler@daktronics.com \
    --cc=akpm@linux-foundation.org \
    --cc=alex.williamson@redhat.com \
    --cc=alexander.duyck@gmail.com \
    --cc=alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com \
    --cc=allison@lohutok.net \
    --cc=aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com \
    --cc=anshuman.khandual@arm.com \
    --cc=anthony.yznaga@oracle.com \
    --cc=boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com \
    --cc=bp@alien8.de \
    --cc=cai@lca.pw \
    --cc=cohuck@redhat.com \
    --cc=dan.j.williams@intel.com \
    --cc=dave.hansen@linux.intel.com \
    --cc=devel@driverdev.osuosl.org \
    --cc=haiyangz@microsoft.com \
    --cc=hannes@cmpxchg.org \
    --cc=hpa@zytor.com \
    --cc=isaacm@codeaurora.org \
    --cc=jgross@suse.com \
    --cc=jmattson@google.com \
    --cc=joro@8bytes.org \
    --cc=karahmed@amazon.de \
    --cc=keescook@chromium.org \
    --cc=kvm-ppc@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=kvm@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=kys@microsoft.com \
    --cc=linux-hyperv@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-mm@kvack.org \
    --cc=linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org \
    --cc=luto@kernel.org \
    --cc=mgorman@techsingularity.net \
    --cc=mhocko@kernel.org \
    --cc=mhocko@suse.com \
    --cc=mingo@redhat.com \
    --cc=npiggin@gmail.com \
    --cc=osalvador@suse.de \
    --cc=pasha.tatashin@soleen.com \
    --cc=paulus@samba.org \
    --cc=pavel.tatashin@microsoft.com \
    --cc=pbonzini@redhat.com \
    --cc=peterz@infradead.org \
    --cc=rkrcmar@redhat.com \
    --cc=rppt@linux.ibm.com \
    --cc=rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com \
    --cc=sashal@kernel.org \
    --cc=sean.j.christopherson@intel.com \
    --cc=sstabellini@kernel.org \
    --cc=sthemmin@microsoft.com \
    --cc=tglx@linutronix.de \
    --cc=vbabka@suse.cz \
    --cc=vkuznets@redhat.com \
    --cc=wanpengli@tencent.com \
    --cc=willy@infradead.org \
    --cc=x86@kernel.org \
    --cc=xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org \
    --cc=yuehaibing@huawei.com \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

LinuxPPC-Dev Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/linuxppc-dev/0 linuxppc-dev/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 linuxppc-dev linuxppc-dev/ https://lore.kernel.org/linuxppc-dev \
		linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org linuxppc-dev@ozlabs.org
	public-inbox-index linuxppc-dev

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.ozlabs.lists.linuxppc-dev


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git