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From: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
To: rananta@codeaurora.org
Cc: andrew@daynix.com, linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, jslaby@suse.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH] tty: hvc: Fix data abort due to race in hvc_open
Date: Mon, 11 May 2020 09:41:57 +0200
Message-ID: <20200511074157.GA1361393@kroah.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <a033c31f8d8bf121e2cfdabbca138c1a@codeaurora.org>

On Mon, May 11, 2020 at 12:34:44AM -0700, rananta@codeaurora.org wrote:
> On 2020-05-11 00:23, rananta@codeaurora.org wrote:
> > On 2020-05-09 23:48, Greg KH wrote:
> > > On Sat, May 09, 2020 at 06:30:56PM -0700, rananta@codeaurora.org
> > > wrote:
> > > > On 2020-05-06 02:48, Greg KH wrote:
> > > > > On Mon, Apr 27, 2020 at 08:26:01PM -0700, Raghavendra Rao Ananta wrote:
> > > > > > Potentially, hvc_open() can be called in parallel when two tasks calls
> > > > > > open() on /dev/hvcX. In such a scenario, if the
> > > > > > hp->ops->notifier_add()
> > > > > > callback in the function fails, where it sets the tty->driver_data to
> > > > > > NULL, the parallel hvc_open() can see this NULL and cause a memory
> > > > > > abort.
> > > > > > Hence, serialize hvc_open and check if tty->private_data is NULL
> > > > > > before
> > > > > > proceeding ahead.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > The issue can be easily reproduced by launching two tasks
> > > > > > simultaneously
> > > > > > that does nothing but open() and close() on /dev/hvcX.
> > > > > > For example:
> > > > > > $ ./simple_open_close /dev/hvc0 & ./simple_open_close /dev/hvc0 &
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Signed-off-by: Raghavendra Rao Ananta <rananta@codeaurora.org>
> > > > > > ---
> > > > > >  drivers/tty/hvc/hvc_console.c | 16 ++++++++++++++--
> > > > > >  1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> > > > > >
> > > > > > diff --git a/drivers/tty/hvc/hvc_console.c
> > > > > > b/drivers/tty/hvc/hvc_console.c
> > > > > > index 436cc51c92c3..ebe26fe5ac09 100644
> > > > > > --- a/drivers/tty/hvc/hvc_console.c
> > > > > > +++ b/drivers/tty/hvc/hvc_console.c
> > > > > > @@ -75,6 +75,8 @@ static LIST_HEAD(hvc_structs);
> > > > > >   */
> > > > > >  static DEFINE_MUTEX(hvc_structs_mutex);
> > > > > >
> > > > > > +/* Mutex to serialize hvc_open */
> > > > > > +static DEFINE_MUTEX(hvc_open_mutex);
> > > > > >  /*
> > > > > >   * This value is used to assign a tty->index value to a hvc_struct
> > > > > > based
> > > > > >   * upon order of exposure via hvc_probe(), when we can not match it
> > > > > > to
> > > > > > @@ -346,16 +348,24 @@ static int hvc_install(struct tty_driver
> > > > > > *driver, struct tty_struct *tty)
> > > > > >   */
> > > > > >  static int hvc_open(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file * filp)
> > > > > >  {
> > > > > > -	struct hvc_struct *hp = tty->driver_data;
> > > > > > +	struct hvc_struct *hp;
> > > > > >  	unsigned long flags;
> > > > > >  	int rc = 0;
> > > > > >
> > > > > > +	mutex_lock(&hvc_open_mutex);
> > > > > > +
> > > > > > +	hp = tty->driver_data;
> > > > > > +	if (!hp) {
> > > > > > +		rc = -EIO;
> > > > > > +		goto out;
> > > > > > +	}
> > > > > > +
> > > > > >  	spin_lock_irqsave(&hp->port.lock, flags);
> > > > > >  	/* Check and then increment for fast path open. */
> > > > > >  	if (hp->port.count++ > 0) {
> > > > > >  		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hp->port.lock, flags);
> > > > > >  		hvc_kick();
> > > > > > -		return 0;
> > > > > > +		goto out;
> > > > > >  	} /* else count == 0 */
> > > > > >  	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hp->port.lock, flags);
> > > > >
> > > > > Wait, why isn't this driver just calling tty_port_open() instead of
> > > > > trying to open-code all of this?
> > > > >
> > > > > Keeping a single mutext for open will not protect it from close, it will
> > > > > just slow things down a bit.  There should already be a tty lock held by
> > > > > the tty core for open() to keep it from racing things, right?
> > > > The tty lock should have been held, but not likely across
> > > > ->install() and
> > > > ->open() callbacks, thus resulting in a race between
> > > > hvc_install() and
> > > > hvc_open(),
> > > 
> > > How?  The tty lock is held in install, and should not conflict with
> > > open(), otherwise, we would be seeing this happen in all tty drivers,
> > > right?
> > > 
> > Well, I was expecting the same, but IIRC, I see that the open() was
> > being
> > called in parallel for the same device node.
> > 
> > Is it expected that the tty core would allow only one thread to
> > access the dev-node, while blocking the other, or is it the client
> > driver's responsibility to handle the exclusiveness?
> Or is there any optimization going on where the second call doesn't go
> through
> install(), but calls open() directly as the file was already opened by the
> first
> thread?

Yes, it should only happen once, look at the logic in tty_kopen().

greg k-h

  reply index

Thread overview: 18+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-04-28  3:26 Raghavendra Rao Ananta
2020-05-06  9:48 ` Greg KH
2020-05-10  1:30   ` rananta
2020-05-10  6:48     ` Greg KH
2020-05-11  7:23       ` rananta
2020-05-11  7:34         ` rananta
2020-05-11  7:41           ` Greg KH [this message]
2020-05-11  7:39         ` Greg KH
2020-05-12  7:22           ` Jiri Slaby
2020-05-12  8:25             ` Greg KH
2020-05-12 21:39               ` rananta
2020-05-13  7:04                 ` Greg KH
2020-05-14 23:22                   ` rananta
2020-05-15  7:30                     ` Greg KH
2020-05-15 19:21                       ` rananta
2020-05-20  9:38                     ` Jiri Slaby
2020-05-20 13:49                       ` rananta
2020-04-28 12:48 Markus Elfring

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